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108 references related to the following plant

Official name: Allium sativum L.
Family: Alliaceae
Pictures:

Reference B4 Nord
Author: Boukef, K. & G.M. Ghileb
Title: Contribution à l’étude des plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle magghrébine. Bull. Méd. Trad. Pharm., Vol. 2, n°1, 47-55, (1988)
Symptoms: H(045), H(068), H(151)
Recipes: H(045, 3), bulb, antiseptic, RNS.
H(068, 3), bulb, vermifuge, RNS.
H(151, 3), bulb, hypertension, RNS.
Region: North Africa
Country: Algeria, Moroco, Tunisia
Vernacular name: thoum

Reference B5 Nord
Author: Boulos, L.
Title: Medicinal plants of North Africa. Reference Publications, Inc., 218 St. Clair River Drive, Box 344, Algonac, Michigan 48001, 286p. , (1983)
Symptoms: H(007), H(037), H(045), H(053), H(059), H(068), H(091), H(094), H(102), H(107), H(108), H(135), H(152), H(186)
Recipes: H(007), H(037), H(045), H(059), H(068), H(091), H(094), H(102), H(107), H(108), H(135), H(152), H(186), bulbs are powerful H(068) vermifuge, hypotensive, cholagogue, expectorant, digestive, H(068) anthelmintic, depurative, tonic, general antiseptic; for dysentery, typhoid, plague, intestinal worms, suppository for hemorrhoids, tuberculosis, cough, colds
H(053), drops of bot fat previously cooked with sliced garlic useful in treating otitis
Region: North Africa
Country: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocoo, Tunisia
Vernacular name: thoum, toum (Arabic), tiskert, tissert (Berber), garlic (English), ail cultivé; ail commum (local French)

Reference B5 Nord
Author: Boulos, L.
Title: Medicinal plants of North Africa. Reference Publications, Inc., 218 St. Clair River Drive, Box 344, Algonac, Michigan 48001, 286p. , (1983)
Symptoms: V(000)
Recipes: V(000), used in veterinary medicine for multiple purposes, ONS, RNS
Region: North Africa
Country: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocoo, Tunisia
Vernacular name: thoum, toum (Arabic), tiskert, tissert (Berber), garlic (English), ail cultivé; ail commum (local French)

Reference B6 Nord
Author: Bellakhdar, J.
Title: La pharmacopée marocaine traditionnelle: Médecine arabe ancienne et savoirs populaires. Ibis Press, 764 p. (1997)
Symptoms: V(004), V(007), V(008), V(037), V(045), V(053), V(068), V(087), V(091), V(093), V(094), V(103), V(108)
Recipes: V(007) depurative, V(045) anti-infectious, V(091) stimilant vital functions, V(093) general antidote, offshoot of the bulb, raw or cooked vapor, served in meals
V(008) dysenteri, V(037) cough, V(068) intestinal worms, V(108)cold, garlic ground in some oil or some butter
V(094), l'ail entre dans la composition de suppositoires
V(004) +V(087) wounds with pus, V(013) abces, furuncle, V(014), V(020) + V(070), application
V(103), local application of garlic crushed with some salt
V(053), cooked chopped garlic in some fat, instillation in ears
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco
Vernacular name: tûm, tûma (Arabic), tiskert, tissert (Berber)

Reference B6 Nord
Author: Bellakhdar, J.
Title: La pharmacopée marocaine traditionnelle: Médecine arabe ancienne et savoirs populaires. Ibis Press, 764 p. (1997)
Symptoms: H(004), H(007), H(008), H(037), H(045), H(053), H(068), H(087), H(091), H(093), H(094), H(103), H(104), H(107), H(108), H(113), H(139), H(151)
Recipes: H(007) depurative, H(045) anti-infectious, H(091) stimilant vital functions, H(093) general antidote, offshoot of the bulb, raw or cooked vapor, served in meals
H(008) dysentery, H(037) cough, tuberculosis, H(068) intestinal worm, H(104) child, H(107) typhoïd, H(108) cold, H(113)rheumatism, H(151), garlic ground in some oil or some butter
H(094), the garlic enters the composition of suppository
H(139) aphrodisiac, garlic cooked + honey + butter
H(004) + H(087) wounds with pus
H(013) abces, furuncle, H(014), H(020) + H(070), local application
H(103), local application of garlic crushed with some salt
H(053), cooked chopped garlic in some fat, instillation in ears
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco
Vernacular name: tûm, tûma (Arabic), tiskert, tissert (Berber)

Reference B7 Nord
Author: Bellakhdar, J., R. Claisse, J. Fleurentin & C. Younos
Title: Repertory of standard herbal drugs in the Moroccan pharmacopoea Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 35, pp. 123 - 143 (1991) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037887419190064K
Symptoms: H(037), H(038), H(068), H(093), H(113), H(135), H(152)
Recipes: H(037) pulmonary disorders, H(038) urinary antiseptic, H(068) anthelmintic, H(093) antidote poison, H(113) rheumatism, H(135) digestive disorders, H(152) hypotension, bulb of Allium sativum, RNS., (plante cultivée)
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco
Vernacular name: tûma

Reference E1 Nord
Author: El-Hilaly Jaouad. , Mohamed Hmammouchi & Badiâa Lyoussi
Title: Ethnobotanical studies and economic evaluation of medicinal plants in Taounate province (Northern Morocco). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 86, pp. 149-158 (2003) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103000126
Symptoms: H(008) + H(104), H(020)
Recipes: H(020) scorpion, snake bites, rubbing with raw bulb
H(008) + H(104) intestinal pain, high hypertension, raw bulb, VO.
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco (Tatouane province)
Vernacular name: tüma

Reference E2 Nord
Author: Eddouks, M., M. Maghrani, A. Lemhadri, M. -L. Ouahidi & H. Jouad
Title: Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiac diseases in the south-east region of Morocco (Tafilalet) . Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 82 (2002) pp. 97 - 103 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102001642
Symptoms: H(171, f)
Recipes: H(171), bulb, RNS
Region: North Africa
Country: Morocco (Tafilalet region )
Vernacular name: touma

Reference H2 Nord
Author: Souâda Hseini & Azzeddine Kahouadji
Title: Étude ethnobotanique de la flore médicinale dans la région de Rabat (Maroc occidental) Lazaroa 28: 79-93. 2007 http://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/LAZA/article/viewFile/LAZA0707110079A/8895 + Analyses floristique et ethnobotanique des plantes vasculaires médicinales
Symptoms: H(001), H(053)
Recipes: H(001, 2) stye in the eye, local application of garlic clove
H(053, 4) ears pain, ONS, RNS, injection in ears, ONS, RNS.
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 01
Author: Adjanohoun, E., A. Abel, L. Ake Assi, D. Brown, K.S Chetty, L. Chong-Seng, J. Eymé, T. Friedman, J. N. Gassita, E. N. Goudotê, P. Govinden, A. Keita, B. Koudogbo, G. Lailam, D. Landreau, G. Lionnet, A. Soopramanien
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques aux Seychelles. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 170 p., (1983) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(082), H(151)
Recipes: H(082), pounded bulb, infusion, VO.H(151), bulb, RNS.
Region: Seychelles
Country: Seychelles
Vernacular name: ail

Reference HA 02
Author: Adjanohoun, E, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, K. Dramane, J. A. Elewude, S. O. Fadoju, Z.O. Gbile, E. Goudote, C.L. A. Johnson, A. Keita, O. Morakinyo, J. A. O. Ojewole, A. O. Olatunjia, E. A. Sofowora
Title: Contribution to ethnobotanical and floristic studies in Western Nigeria. CSTR-OUA, 420 p., (1991) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(043), H(094), H(104), H(048), H(135), H(157), H(159)
Recipes: H(043), bulb pounded, VO. + frictions
H(094), bulb Allium sativum, barks from stalks, trunk, twigs Lannea welwitschii, Holarrhena fluribunda, roots Pseudocedrela kotschyi , Anogeissus leiocarpus,Terminalia glaucescens , Aristolochia ringens, seeds Picralima nitida, raw fruits Piper guineense, flowers, Eugenia aromatica , decoction (H2O) , VO.
H(104) child, bulb Allium sativum, roots Anogeissus leiocarpus , Aritolochia ringens, flowers Eugenia aromatica, seeds Picralima nitida, infusion, VO.
H(135) + H(048), bulb Allium sativum, barks from stalks, trunk, twigs Musanga cecropioides , roots Aristolochia ringens, Eugenia aromatica, maceration H2O, VO.
H(157), whole plant, extraction H2O, bath
H(159) in period of non feeding, bulb Allium sativum, Gladiolus psittacinus, roots Calliandra portoriensis, Morinda lucida , Antocleista djalonensis, Aristolochia ringens, seeds Picralima nitida, rhizoms Curculigo pilosa , raw fruits Xylopia aethiopica , maceration in alcohol, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 03
Author: Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, A. Akoegninou, J. d'Almeida, F. Apovo, K. Boukef, M. Chadare, G. Gusset, K. Dramane, J. Eyme, J. - N. Gassita, N. Gbaguidi, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, P. Houngnon, Issa Lo, A. Keita, H. V. Kiniffo, D. K
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Bénin. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 895 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(007), H(043), H(126), H(145), H(043), H(155), H(170)
Recipes: H(043), roots allium sativum, RNS.
H(126), H(007), bulb Allium sativum , barks trunc, stems, twigs Azadirachta indica , RNS.
H(145), bulb Allium sativum , seeds Piper guineensee, Monodora myristica, barks trunc, stems, twigs Detarium microcarpum , powder, delayed, VO.
H(151), peeled bulb Allium sativum, leaves Jatropha gossypiifolia, decoction (H2O) , VO.
H(151), bulb Allium sativum, latex Euphorbia kamerunica, RNS.
H(155), bulb Allium sativum, Allium cepa , fruit Eugenia aromatica, fruit pulp Picralima nitida, maceration in alcohol, VO.
H(155), bulb Allium cepa, ripe fruit Eugenia aromatica, pulp fruit Picralima nitida , bulb Allium sativum, maceration, VO.
H(170), bulb Allium sativum , barks trunc, stems, twigs Piper guineensee, Monodora myristica, Phyllanthus discoideus, Ceiba pentandra, RNS
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: ayo (Fon, Goun, Yoruba)

Reference HA 05
Author: Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, J. Baniakina, P. Chibon, G. Cusset, V. Doulou, A. Enzanza, J. Eymé, E. Goudoté, A. Keita, C. Mbemba, J. Mollet, J.- M. Moutsamboté, J. Mpati, P. Sita
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Congo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 605 p., (1988) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(082), H(104)
Recipes: H(082), bulb Allium sativum, fruit Citrus aurantifolia, decoction (H2O) , VO. H(104), bulb Allium sativum, to carbonize, pounded, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Popular republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name: ail (French)

Reference HA 07
Author: Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, K. Akpagana, P. Chibon, A. El - Hadji, J. Eyme, M. Garba, , J. - N. Gassita, M. Gbeassor, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, K. - K. Hodouto, P. Houngnon, A. Keita, Y. Keoula, W. P. Kluga - Ocloo, I. Lo, K. M. Siamevi, K. K.
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Togo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 671 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(013), H(037)
Recipes: H(013), bulb Allium sativum, leaves Ceiba pentandra, pulp, local application
H(037), stems and leaves Ritchiea reflexa , rhizom Zingiber officinale,bulb Allium sativum, pounded, maceration, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HA 1k
Author: Ainslie, J.R.
Title: A list of plants used in native medicine in Nigeria. Imperial Forestry Institute.University of Oxford, Institute Paper, n° 7, (1937)
Symptoms: H(051), H(068), H(082), H(091), H(094), H(113), H(130), H(186)
Recipes: This section will be completely encoded in a future version.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: alubosa (Yoruba), tafarnuwa (Hausa)

Reference HA 24
Author: Ayobangira, S.F.X., K. Tsongo & M.J. Kirarahumu
Title: Contribution à l'étude des plantes médicinales du Nord-Kivu: plantes antihémorroïdaires exploitées dans la ville de Goma. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 14, 75 - 87, (2000)
Symptoms: H(037), H(068), H(094)
Recipes: H(037) cough, H(068) amibiasis, H(094), 2 pods Alium sativum, 1 root Curcuma longa, pounded + 1 l. H2O, juice, VO.; 1 glass 2 x / day during 4 days
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Nord-Kivu, Goma)
Vernacular name: matungulusumu (Swahili), igitunguru (Kinyarwanda), haye (Hunde), iyunguru (Mashi), matungulu (Nyanga)

Reference HA 35
Author: Adamu Harami M. , O.J. Abayeh, M.O. Agho, A.L. Abdullahi, A. Uba, H.U. Dukku & and B.M. WufemTesfaye Kebede, Kelbessa Urga, Kidist Yersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta GutaYersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta Guta
Title: An ethnobotanical survey of Bauchi State herbal plants and their antimicrobial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Volume 97, pp. 421-427 ( 2005)
Symptoms: H(039)
Recipes: H(039) pesticide, scale, RNS
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Bauchi state)
Vernacular name: albasa

Reference HA 38
Author: Ajibesin, K.ola K., Benjamin.E. Ekpo, Danladi N. Bala, Etienne E. Essien, Saburi A. Adesanya
Title: Ethnobotanical survey of Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 115, pp. 387-408, (2008)
Symptoms: H(104), H(151), H(171), H(201)
Recipes: H(104) stomach ache, H(151) hypertension, H(171) diabetes, H(201) general debility, cloves of Allium sativum, eaten 2 cloves / day
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name: etebe owoinu(Ibibio)

Reference HA 49
Author: Amri, E., D.P.Kisangau
Title: Ethnomedicinal study of plants used in villages around Kimboza forest reserve in Morogoro, Tanzania Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 8:1 (2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/pdf/1746-4269-8-1.pdf
Symptoms: H(037), H(051), H(082), H(151)
Recipes: H(051) fever, H(051) paludismdim,,H(037) cough, H(082) asthma, Hypertension, leaves of Allium sativum, concoction, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Kimboza forest reserve in Morogoro)
Vernacular name: kitunguu maji

Reference HA 53
Author: Amenu, E.
Title: Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya woreda) West Shoa, Ethopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach A Thesis submited to the school of graduate studies, Addis Ababan, Ethiopia, 104 p. June 2007
Symptoms: H(008), H(037), H(051), H(103), H(104), H(108), H(155)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, H(051) paludidm, seed of Lepidium sativum and bulb of Allium sativum are pounded together and given to human with honey.
H(037) cough seed of Lepidium sativum and bulb of Allium sativum are pounded together and given to human with honey for three to four days.
H(051) paludism (Busaa), bulb of Allium sativum and rhizome of Zingiber officinale (Ginger officinale) are pounded and eaten with honey.
H(051) paludism, leaf of Carica papaya and Allium sativum bulb are pounded together and made in the form of soup, boiled and mixed with honey and one –two cup of coffee is used.
H(051) paludism, powdered fruit of Datura stramonium is mixed with honey and three to four spoons are eaten with pounded Allium sativum.
H(103) tooth infection, leaves Vernonia amygdalina are chewed with bulb of Allium sativum
H(104) stomach ache, fruit of Citrus limon and bulb of Allium sativum are pounded together and mixed with honey and eaten with wheat breainjera (flat bread with teff flour "Eragostris teff") .
H(108) influenza, leaf of Ruta chalepensisis pounded with bulb of Allium sativum mixed with soup and used as adrink
H(155) tonsilitis, seed of Lepidium sativum and bulb of Allium sativum are pounded together and given to human with honey for three to four days..
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia, Oromya Region, West Shoa Zone in Chelya woreda.
Vernacular name: qullubbi adii (Afaan Oromoo)

Reference HA 53
Author: Amenu, E.
Title: Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya woreda) West Shoa, Ethopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach A Thesis submited to the school of graduate studies, Addis Ababan, Ethiopia, 104 p. June 2007
Symptoms: V(008), V(045), V(202)
Recipes: Vb(008) diarrhoea, Vb(202) blotting (bokoksa), seed of Lepidium sativum and bulb of Allium sativum are pounded together and given to cattle.
Vb(045) infection (Arraba iddaa), leaf of Croton macrostachyus and bulb of Allium sativum are pounded together and given to cattle.
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia, Oromya Region, West Shoa Zone in Chelya woreda.
Vernacular name: qullubbi adii (Afaan Oromoo)

Reference HA 54
Author: Apema, R., D. Mozouloua, E. Kosh-Komba & Y. Ngoule
Title: Les plantes médicinales utilisées dans le traitement de l'hypertension artérielle par les tradipraticiens à Bangui http://www.gfmer.ch/Activites_internationales_Fr/PDF/HTA-Apema-2011.pdf
Symptoms: H(151)
Recipes: H(151) hypertension, take a handful of Allium sativum. Decoction in 2 liters of H2O. Cool and filter, keep 1.5 liters. VO. some bamboo glass of the decoction morning and evening for one week. Take one to two garlic cloves every morning .
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic (Bangui)
Vernacular name: not registered by the authors

Reference HB 02
Author: Boiteau, P.
Title: Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée.Précis de matière médicale malgache. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris 141 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(068), H(160)
Recipes: H(068), raw bulb of Allium sativum, VO.
H(160), bulb Allium sativum, pounded, maceration, delayed, VO.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: tongologasy

Reference HB 22
Author: Bilo, H. & C. Bilo - Groen
Title: Herbalism in Seychelles. Curare, Sonderband, 3, 393 - 402, (1985)
Symptoms: H(151)
Recipes: H(151),ONS., in food
Region: Seychelles
Country: Seychelles
Vernacular name: ail (local), garlic (English)

Reference HB 25M
Author: Bossard, E.
Title: La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms: H(014), H(018), H(034), H(053), H(058), H(068), H(082), H(104), H(115), H(135), H(151), H(163), H(179), H(192)
Recipes: H(014) eczema, local application of pods of Allium sativum or spread the juice of the pod on the eczema
H(014) tinea, OINS, tea, VO. 3 X / day
H(018) sick headache, tea of the plant, VO. 2 X / days + to pound the plant and to put it in the bath
H(034) tachycardia, ONS, tea, VO.
H(053) otitis, to pound vayu (Allium sativum) + palm oil, instillations. 1 drop in every ear by session
H(058) obesity, VO., tea of garlic + to eat the pod
H(068) helminthiasiss, to eat the pod
H(082) asthma, ONS. tea, VO. 3 X / day
H(104) dyspepsia, eat of the garlic
H(115) neuralgia, garlic tea VO. + local friction with the pod
H(135) digestion (troubles of), to eat the bulb
H(151) high blood-pressure, put of the garlic in some alcohol, cover the whole . Maceration for 15 days by moving 1 X / day. VO. A mouthful every day in every meal for 1 month. Idem afterward by decreasing the dose
H(163) uremia, herb tea of garlic, to drink and to eat
H(179) nephralgia, to eat garlic
H(192) varix, dip the garlic into some vinegar and some salt. massage the leg of bottom at the top with this product
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola (regions of Planalto)
Vernacular name: (olo) vayu (Umbundu), alho (Portuguese)

Reference HB 33
Author: Bhat, R.B., E.O. Etejere, V.T. Oladipo
Title: Ethnobotanical studies fron central Nigeria. Economic Botany, 44 (3), pp. 382-390, (1990)
Symptoms: H(051x), H(116), H(157)
Recipes: Harvest young plants of Allium sativum at any time of day
H(051x), The leaflets (one or two handfuls) of Daniellia oliveri and one small bulb of Allium sativum are ground together; the mixture is taken orally with pap.
H(116) irregular menstrual flow: The fruit juice of Citrus aurantifolia is mixed with the infusion of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia in equal proportions and taken orally until the flow becomes regular.
H(157) the plant is soaked in juice of Citrus aurantifolia, and a pinch of copper sulphate is added; the mixture is left for 4 days in a bottle; the bottle is shaken before use. Caution: Only a very small quantity is given orally to children; excess quantity results in vomiting or runny stool
Region: West Africa
Country: Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name: alubosa / elewe (Yoruba)

Reference HB 34
Author: Baldé, NM., A. Youla, MD. Baldé, A. Kaké, MM. Diallo, MA. Baldé, D. Maugendre
Title: Herbal medicine and treatment of diabetes in Africa: an example from Guinea. Diabetes Metab 32, pp. 171-175 (2006)
Symptoms: H(171)
Recipes: H(171, 3), leaves, bulbs of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Guinea Conakry
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HB 37M
Author: Bossard, E.
Title: Quelques notes sur l'alimentation et les apports nutritionnels occultes en Angola. Garcia de Orta, Sér. Bot., Lisboa, 13 (1), 7 - 41 (1996)
Symptoms: H(095)
Recipes: H(095) occasional food complement, bulbs, pods of Allium sativum
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola (regions of Planalto and littoral))
Vernacular name: (o)vayu (Umubumbu), alho ordinario (Portuguese)

Reference HB 44
Author: Bekalo, T. H., S. D. Woodmatas, Z. A. Woldemariam
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5: 26 (2009) doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-5-26 + Additional File
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) pneumonia, pounded dried seed of Brassica juncea of Lepidium sativum and Nigella sativa with fresh bulb of Allium sativum then the concoction mixed with butter, pounded, VO
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopie (lowlands of Konta)
Vernacular name: tuummuwaa (Konta)

Reference HD 15
Author: Diafouka, A. J. P.
Title: Analyse des usages des plantes médicinales dans 4 régions de Congo-Brazzaville. Thèse de doctorat, Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Botanique Systématique et de Phytosociologie, 431 p., (1997)
Symptoms: H(051), H(113)
Recipes: H(051, 4) fever, paludism, roots of Senna occidentalis, bulb of Allium cepa of Allium sativum, fruits of Citrus aurantifolia, decoction (H2O), VO., 2 X / day ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 100 ml.
H(113) rheumatism, leaves of Bidens pilosa, bulb of Allium cepa of Allium sativum, decoction (H2O), VO. 100 ml., 3 X / day
Region: Central Africa
Country: Congo-Brazzaville
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HD 19
Author: Dykman, E.J.
Title: De Suid Afrikaanse Kook- Koek- en Resepte Boek, 14th improved impression. Paarl Printers Ltd., Paarl (Cape Colony), South Africa.( 1908) From reference HV 51
Symptoms: H(037), H(051), H(077), H(137)
Recipes: H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(077) nausea, H(137) sores, bulb of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Cape region )
Vernacular name: knoffel (Cape Dutch language)

Reference HD 25
Author: Dyubeni, L. and L. V. Buwa
Title: An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of ear, nose and throat (ENT) infections in Nkonkobe Municipality, South Africa Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 6(14), pp. 2721-2726, 16 April, 2012 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2012/16Apr/Dyubeni%20and%20Buwa.pdf
Symptoms: H(053), H(118)
Recipes: H(118) throat infection (Umqala obuhlungu, Izilonda emqaleni) decoction of leaf and bulb of Allium sativum is taken orally and cloves of the bulb may be chewed to treat throat infections.
H(053) ear infections (Indlebe ebuhlungu, Izilonda endlebeni)., leaves are warmed. The juice is squeezed onto the ear to relieve earache.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (municipality of Nkonkobe)
Vernacular name: ivimbampunzi (Xhosa)

Reference HE 02
Author: Etkin, N.L.
Title: A Hausa herbal pharmacopoeia: biomedical evaluation of commonly used plant medicines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 4, pp. 75- 98, (1981)
Symptoms: H(037), H(108)
Recipes: H(037) cough, H(108), colds, chewed ONS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (North) (Hausa)
Vernacular name: tafannuwa (Hausa), garlic (English)

Reference HE 17
Author: Erinoso S. M. & D. O. Aworinde
Title: Ethnobotanical survey of some medicinal plants used in traditional health care in Abeokuta areas of Ogun State, Nigeria African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology Vol. 6(18), pp. 1352-1362, 15 May, 2012 http://www.academicjournals.org/ajpp/PDF/pdf2012/15%20May/Erinoso%20and%20Aworinde.pdf
Symptoms: H(094), H(113)
Recipes: H(094) haemorrhoid/pile, decoction of fruit of Aframomum melegueta, a bulb of Allium sativum, ONS. of Monodora myristica, stem bark of Rauwolfia vomitoria, stem bark of Rauwolfia vomitoria, VO. a cup-full 3 times daily till haemorrhoid disappears
H(113) rheumatism, paste of leaves of Cassia fistula of bulb of Allium sativum, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Ogun state)
Vernacular name: ayu

Reference HF 01
Author: Fernandez de la Pradilla, C.
Title: Des plantes qui nous ont guéris. Jeunesse d'Afrique, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso,Tome 1, 208 p., (1981), Tome 2, 101 p., (1985) Plantes médicinales contre les hépatites. Pabre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 62 p., (1988)
Symptoms: H(108)
Recipes: H(108), bulb, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HG 16
Author: Gedif, T. & H-J. Hahn
Title: The use of medicinal plants in self-care in rural central Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 87, pp. 155 - 161 (2003)
Symptoms: H(008), H(051), H(108)
Recipes: H(008, f), H(051, f), fresh leaves crushed and macerated H2O, VO.
H(108) cough, cold, bulb crushed and boiled with tea, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Butajira district)
Vernacular name: nech-shinkurt

Reference HG 19
Author: Giday, M.
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. CBM:s Skriftserie 3, pp. 81 - 99, Uppsala 2001
Symptoms: H(018), H(037), H(108)
Recipes: H(018) headache, H(037) chest pain, H(108) influenza, bulb of Allium sativum, RNS., VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Zay people; Islands of lake Ziway)
Vernacular name: nech shinkurt (Amharic)

Reference HG 20
Author: Gurib-Fakim, Ameenah, Joseph Guého
Title: Plantes médicinales de l'île Rodrigues Stanley, Rose-Hill. Editions de l'océan indien - Université de Maurice (Réduit) , 580 p. (1994) (ISBN 99903-0-171-9)
Symptoms: H(007), H(037), H(050), H(068), H(093), H(108), H(135), H(151)
Recipes: H(007) diuretic, H(037) bronchitis, H(108) cold, H(108) influenza, infusion of bulbs of Allium sativum, VO.
H(050) flatulent colic, gnawing pain, H(135) digestive, meal with allium sativum
H(068) child vermifuge, bulb of Allium sativum crushed and mixed with castor oil, friction on the navel
H(093) antidote, bulb juice of Allium sativum in local application on the sting of Laffe (toxic fish of the reefs) the wound is open and the contaminated blood sucked
H(151) hypertension, blood circulatory , decoction of 2 bulbs in 1 cup H2O, VO.
Region: Mauritius
Country: Rodrigues Island
Vernacular name: ail

Reference HG 22
Author: Gbolade, A. A.
Title: Inventory of antidiabetic plants in selected districts of Lagos State, Nigeria Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 121, pp. 135–139, (2009)
Symptoms: H(171)
Recipes: H(171) diabetes mellitus, leaves of Allium sativum, Vernonia amygdalina, Ocimum gratissimum, and potash are boiled with H2O. One cup is taken daily.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Lagos State)
Vernacular name: ayu

Reference HG 28
Author: Giday M., Z. Asfawb, Z. Woldub
Title: Ethnomedicinal study of plants used by Sheko ethnic group of Ethiopia Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 132, pp. 75 - 85 (2010)
Symptoms: H(018)
Recipes: H(018) headache, bulb of Allium sativum, fruit of Capsicum annuum, leaves of Coffea arabica, rhizome of Zingiber officinale, RNS., VO.
H(018) headache, bulb of Allium sativum, fruit of Capsicum frutescens, leaves of Coffea arabica, RNS., VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Southwestt)
Vernacular name: nech-shinkurt (Sheko)

Reference HG 57
Author: N' guessan K., É. Kouassi Konan & K. Kouadio Kouassi
Title: Ethnobotanical Study of Plants Used to Treat Diabetes, in Traditional Medicine, by Abbey and Krobou People of Agboville (Côte-d’Ivoire) American Journal of Scientific Research ISSN 1450-223X Issue 4, pp 45-58 (2009)
Symptoms: H(171)
Recipes: H(171) diabetes, maceration of bulb of Allium sativum, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Agboville)
Vernacular name: not registered bu the authors

Reference HI 10
Author: Idu, M., B. C. Ndukwu
Title: Studies of Plants Used in Ethnomedicine in Ethiope Concil Area of Delta State, Nigeria Research Journal of Botany 1 (1) : 30 -43 (2006) http://scialert.net/qredirect.php?doi=rjb.2006.30.43&linkid=pdf
Symptoms: H(094), H(124), H(169)
Recipes: H(094) pile, H(124) appendicitis and H(169) hernia. Six to seven bulbs of the garlic are sliced inside a bottle with dry gin (ogogoro) and allowed for 3 days before use. One glass is taken twice daily for three days in the treatment of piles. The bulb is dug very early in morning and cut into smaller sizes and put into a bottle, an onion bulb, 7 seeds of egwoye and ogogoro are then added, A glassful is taken twice daily for three to four days to treat H(124) appendicitis and H(169) hernia
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Area of Delta State)
Vernacular name: haemorrhage plant (local english), garlic (local dialect)

Reference HK 01
Author: Kerharo, J. & J. G. Adam
Title: La pharmacopée sénégalaise traditionnelle. Plantes médicinales et toxiques. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 1011 p., (1974)
Symptoms: H(045)
Recipes: H(045), bulb, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 21
Author: Kayonga, A. & F. X. Habiyaremye
Title: Médecine traditionnelle et plantes médicinales rwandaises. Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques de la flore rwandaise.Préfecture de Gisenyi.Univ. Nat. Rwanda Centre universitaire de recherche sur la pharmacopée et la médecine traditionnelle, CURPHAMETRA, inédit, 121p., (1987)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068) amoboea, ONS Allium sativum , fruit Ricinus communis, ONS Beta vulgaris (beterave),decoction (H2O) , 4 soup spoons + 1 soup spoon honey + 1 egg, VO., 2 X 2 soup spoon/ D./ durind 2D.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Rwanda (Gisenyi district)
Vernacular name: aïl

Reference HK 35
Author: Kamatenesi-Mugisha, M., H. Oryem-Origa
Title: Medicinal plants used to induce labour childbirth in western Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 109 pp. 1 - 9 (2007)
Symptoms: H(022)
Recipes: H(022), stem bulb, leaves, root tuber of Allium cepa, chewing, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Western)
Vernacular name: tungurusumu (Rukonjo)

Reference HK 38
Author: Kamatenesi-Mugisha, M., H. Oryem-Origa
Title: Traditional herbal remedies used in the management of sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction in western Uganda. African Health Sciences, Volume 5 n° 1 pp. 40 - 49 (2005)
Symptoms: H(139)
Recipes: H(139) sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction, stem, bulb, leaves, roots of Allium sativum, to chew, to cook, VO in H2O and in in food
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Western)
Vernacular name: tungurusumu (Rukonjo)

Reference HK 42
Author: Koné, M. W., K.K. Atindehou, H. Terre, D. Tyraore
Title: Quelques plantes médicinales utilisées en pédiatrie traditionnelle dans la région de Ferkessedougou (Côte - d' Ivoire). BIOTERRE, Rev. Inter. Sci. De la Vie et de la Terre, N° spécial, 2002 httpwww.csrs.chfichiersBioterreKone-Mamidou-tab2.pdf
Symptoms: H(157)
Recipes: H(157) child convulsion, to pound the roots of Securidaca longipedunculata with bulb of Allium sativum, made a decoction, VO. + bath
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (region fe Ferkessedougou)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HK 53
Author: Kayode, J, L. Aleshinloye and O. E. Ige
Title: Ethnomedicinal Use of Plant Species in Ijesa Land of Osun State, Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 164-170. (2008) http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/ijesa.htm
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) pneumonia, bulb, root of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Ijesa Land of Osun State)
Vernacular name: ayo

Reference HK 60
Author: Konda ku Mbuta, Kabakura Mwima, Mbembe Bitengeli, Itufa Y’okolo, Mahuku Kavuna, Mafuta Mandanga, Mpoyi, Kalambayi, Ndemankeni Izamajole, Kadima Kazembe, Kelela Booto, Ngiuvu Vasaki, Bongombola Mwabonsika, Dumu Lody & Paul Latham
Title: Plantes médicinales de traditions. Province de l'Equateur – R.D. Congo, Kinshasa 2012 (419 p.) Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (I.R.S.S.) in Kinshasa. ISBN 9780955420856
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea VO. : decoction of young leaves of Annona muricata of Spondias cytherea, of Psidium guajava of Allium sativum of Citrus aurantium.VO. adult : 1 glass 3 times per day. VO. child : 1/3 glass 3 times per day.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Town of Mbandaka, City of Ingende.)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HK 61
Author: Kibungu Kembelo A.O.
Title: Quelques plantes médicinales du Bas-Congo et leurs usages (198 p.),(2003) http://www.sie-cameroun.cm/?q=biblio/doc/4825
Symptoms: H(013), H(014), H(037), H(068), H(094), H(104), H(139), H(171),
Recipes: H(013) skin rash accompanied of H(014) itchings, pound together the following plants : Momordica charantia, Gossypium barbadense (leaves), Allium sativum, Cola acuminata (leaves), Cyperus articulatus (leaves) and Cajanus cajan; macerated in H2O and press to obtain an aqueous solution. VO. 1 table spoon of the solution added of egg white, 2 times per day.
H(014) chronic mange with H(014) itch (yamba di nzazi), decoction and filter barks of Hallea stipulosa, add the pounded mixture of Ottelia ulvifolia, of Brillantaisia patula, dead leaves lying on the bottom of the river, of Commelina africana and of Allium sativum. Mix with white clay, to filter and drink 1/3 of glass, 3 times per day.
H(037) cough, boil together in water the following plants: Abrus precatorius, Mondia whitei, Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale, white clay and salt; to filter and drink 1/3 of glass, 3 times per day.
H(037) cough, pound the following plants : Ocimum gratissimum, Allium sativum, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Bryophyllum bipinnatum, Cymbopogon citratus, Lantana camara. Mix with some water, squeeze and drink the liquid obtained, 2 tablespoons, 3 times per day. Warning : This remedy for adults only who suffer from severe coughing.
H(037) cough, boil together the following plants: Dorstenia psilurus, Allium sativum, cut fruits of Citrus limon; to filter and drink ½ glass, 3 times per day.
H(068) hookworm, crush the following plants : Aframomum melegueta, Piper nigrum, Allium sativum, leaves of Tetrorchidium didymostemon and Capsicum frutescens (fruits) with white clay. Eating and drinking a little water ½ teaspoon, 2 times per day.
H(068) hookworm (nioka nkawu), pound and boil with much of Ocimum basilicum the following plants : Mondia whitei, Allium sativum, Dorstenia psilurus and Zingiber officinale; to filter and drink ½ glass + a ripe banana, 3 times per day.
H(094) hemorrhoids, crush separately the plants: Zingiber officinale, Cola acuminata (fruits), barks of Mangifera indica, Allium sativum, Piper nigrum, Cyperus articulatus, Capsicum frutescens, Aframomum melegueta, barks of Croton mubango, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, roots of Landolphia owariensis (barks), Mondia whitei, roots of Aframomum alboviolaceum, Dorstenia psilurus, roots of Bridelia ferruginea and roots of Garcinia huillensis., dilute in water, macerate and let stand overnight. Press well and filter then put in bottles adding a table spoon of sugar in each one. Expose the full solution bottles in the sun for three days. Drink ½ glass, one time in the evening. Warning this medicine may cause dizziness but we must continue the treatment.
H(094) hemorrhoids, crush separately the plantssuivantes : Cyperus articulatus, Zingiber officinale, Cola acuminata (seeds), écorce of Mangifera indica, Allium sativum, Piper nigrum (seeds), Capsicum frutescens (seeds), Aframomum melegueta (seeds), barks of Croton mubango, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, roots of Landolphia owariensis, Mondia whitei, roots of Aframomum alboviolaceum, Dorstenia psilurus, roots of Bridelia ferruginea and of Garcinia huillensis; to dilute the mixture in H2O, macerate and let stand overnight. press the next day, filter and put in bottles add one table spoon of sugar in each. Then expose the bottles in the sun for 3 consecutive days. Drink ½ glass, 1 time per day, In the evening. Warning : this medicine may cause dizziness, but continues the treatment.
H(104) stomach pain (gastritis), pound together then : decoction of the plants below : Mondia whitei, Ocimum basilicum, Brillantaisia patula (leaves), Allium sativum, Ananas comosus (rape ananas); remove from heat when the mixture is hot enough; macerate and filter. Drink ½ glass, 3 times per day. Prohibited food : leaves of manioc and of Gnetum africanum, pumpkin, coca and hot peper. Do not VO. alcohol until recovery. It is recommended to respect that instruction for six months after healing.
H(139) sexual weakness in man = non-erection of the penis, pound the roots of Heinsia crinita, of Dorstenia psilurus, of Mondia whitei, seeds of Monodora angolensis (ou of M. myristica) and of Allium sativum; decoction in palm wine.To filter and drink 1 glass, 1 time in the evening.
H(139) sexual weakness in man = non-erection of the penis, pound the roots of Heinsia crinita, of Dorstenia psilurus, of Mondia whitei, seeds of Monodora angolensis (ou of M. myristica) and of Allium sativum; decoction in palm wine.To filter and drink 1 glass, 1 time in the evening.
H(171) diabetes, decoction of barks or roots of Bridelia ferruginea, roots d’ Annona senegalensis. subsp. oulotricha, of Sarcocephalus latifolius, leaves of Morinda lucida, Allium sativum, roots of Millettia eetveldeana, leaves of Morinda morindoides, roots Vitex madiensis and of Sarcocephalus pobeguinii, barks of Millettia laurentii, Lippia multiflora, large and small Ocimum gratissimum and Malaka sp. Filter and let cool, add a bit of roots of Rauvolfia vomitoria and let stand during 12 hours; to filter and drink 1/3 glass 3 times per day. Prohibited food : chikwangues, foufou, tuber of cassava, rice, bananas, corn, peanuts, fruits, sweet potatoes, bread, milk, beverages, fish, palm oil, lemons. One can eat : toast, yams, taro, liquid milk, vegetables, lots of Solanum aethiopicum (gilo), Solanum macrocarpon and Solanum torvum
H(171) diabetes, decoction of the following plants : Erythrina abyssinica (leaves), Lippia multiflora, Albizia adianthifolia var adianthifolia (roots in small quantities) and Allium sativum.To filter and drink ½ glass, 2 times per day.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic Republic of Congo (Bas-Congo Province)
Vernacular name: ayi (Kikongo)

Reference HL 13
Author: Lavergne, R. & R. Véra
Title: Etude ethnobotanique des plantes utilisées dans la pharmacopée traditionnelle à la Réunion. Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 236 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(068), H(091), H(113), H(151)
Recipes: H(068) vermifuge, pod rubbed on a slice of bread + olive oil, VO.
H(091), to crunch a pod in the morning
H(113) rheumatism, H(151), maceration of 1 pod in 1tepid glass H2O, the evening, VO. in the morning on an empty stomach
Region: Reunion
Country: Reunion
Vernacular name: ail

Reference HL 24
Author: Lulekal, E., Z. Asfaw, E. Kelbessa, P. Van Damme
Title: Ethnomedicinal study of plants used for human ailments in Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9:63 ( 2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/63 + additional file
Symptoms: H(013), H(014), H(037), H(082), H(108)
Recipes: H(013) herpes zoster, H(014) atopic eczema, H(014) ringworm, fresh bulb of Allium sativum, extract the juice and pour or paint the affected area
H(014) dandruff, fresh bulb, extract the juice and pour or paint it
H(037) coughing, H(082) asthma, bulb, fresh or dry, drink the concoction
H(037) pneumonia, H(108) common cold, bulb, fresh or dry, boil and drink the decoction when cool
Region: East Africa
Country: North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Vernacular name: nech shinkurt (Amharic)

Reference HM 01
Author: Mandango M.A., I. Boemu L. & M. Bongombola
Title: Plantes antidiabétiques de Kinshasa (Zaïre). Mitt. Inst. Allg.. Bot. Hamburg, 23b, 1021 - 1031, (1990)
Symptoms: H(171)
Recipes: H(171), bulb Allium sativum, leaves Lippia multiflora, bark underground part Albizia adianthifolia, decoction (H2O) , VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HM 14
Author: Murengezi, I.
Title: Etude de l'activité antibacterienne de quelques plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle rwandaise. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 7, n° 1, 3 - 10, (1993)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068) amibiasis, roots, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Rwanda
Vernacular name: tungurusumu

Reference HM 27
Author: Mac Donald, I., & D. I. Olorunfemi
Title: Research, projects : Plants used for medicinal purposes by Koma people of Adamawa State, Nigeria.Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor, november 2000. Article on Internet: http://www.nuffic.nl/ciran/ikdm/8-3/res-macdonald.html
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068) vermifuge, leaves and stems of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Adamawa state, Koma people)
Vernacular name: alubaza (Koma)

Reference HM 41
Author: Mesfin, F., S. Demisse1, T. Teklehaymanot
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:28 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-28 (2009)
Symptoms: H(037), H(051)
Recipes: H(037) bronchitis, rushed/pounded fresh / dry root of Momordica foetida mixed with Allium sativum bulb, VO. before breakfast for three days.
H(051) paludism, fresh or dry fruits of Allium sativum is chewed and orally
H(051) paludism, pounded seeds of Lepidium sativum mixed withAllium sativum bulbs and honey, VO. for five days before breakfast After each dose, one glass of melted butter is recommended for immediate recovery.
H(051) paludism, crushed / pounded fresh / dry leaves of Croton macrostachyus boiled with H2O is concocted with Allium sativum (bulb) roasted with butter and left over night outside home, VO. at the morning
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of Wonago Woreda)
Vernacular name: sunkurtae (Gedeoffa)

Reference HM 54
Author: Mesfin Tadesse, Debela Hunde , Yehenew Getachew
Title: Survey of medicinal plants userd to treat human doseases in Seka Chekorsa, Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, Volume 15 (2), 89 - 107 July 2005 http://www.ejhs.ju.edu.et/ejhs_journal/2005/volume15issue2.php
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(037) cough, bulbs of Allium sativanm and rhizomes of Zingiber officinale are pounded and mixed with honey, then the concoction is taken before meal in the morning
H(050) bloat, leaves of Croton macrostachys, seeds of Nigella sativa and bulbs of Allium sativum are boiled together and the décoction, VO. Once
H(051) paludism, fresh bulb of Allium sativum and seeds of Carum copticum are pulverized and the concoction is taken with food, 2 x
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Seka Chekorsa, Jimma zone)
Vernacular name: nech shinkurt (Amharic)

Reference HM 56
Author: Megersa, M., Z.Asfaw , E. Kelbessa, A. Beyene and B. Woldeab
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:68 ( 2013) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-9-68 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/68
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, the bulb of Allium sativum taken with 'injera’ and Capsicum annuum . for 5 days before eating breakfast (injera is a yeast-risen flatbread with a slightly spongy texture)
Region: East Africa
Country: West Ethiopia (Wayu Tuka District)
Vernacular name: qullubbii adii (Afaan Oromo)

Reference HM 57
Author: Mensah, J.K., R I. Okoli , A. A. Turay & E.A. Ogie-Odia
Title: Phytochemical Analysis of Medicinal Plants Used for the Management of Hypertension by Esan people of Edo State, Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 1273-87. (2009) http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/meoktuoo.htm
Symptoms: H(151)
Recipes: H(151) hypertension, bulbs of Allium sativum are minced (5 - 10) and blended with honey three spoons are taken three times daily.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name: ayi

Reference HN 08
Author: Nacoulma - Ouedraogo, O., J. Millogo - Rasolodimby & S. Guinko
Title: Les plantes herbacées dans la thérapie des piqûres d'insectes. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 11 - 12, 1 65 - 176, (1997 - 1998)
Symptoms: H(020)
Recipes: H(020), insects, bulbil, sap, local application (wasps)
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (central table-land plateau)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HN 16
Author: Ndukwu, B.C. and N.B.Ben-Nwadibia
Title: Ethnomedicinal aspects of plants used as spices and condiments in the Niger delta area of Nigeria Leaflets Journal on WWW : http://www.siu.edu/~ebl/leaflets/niger.htm
Symptoms: H(001), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(036), H(037), H(048), H(051), H(082), H(108), H(113), H(135), H(151)
Recipes: H(037), H(082), crushed garlic (soup) is used against microbial infection, asthma cough and respiratory problems.
H(018), the juice of the bulb is given as eardrops against earaches.
H(051), H(108), as a seasoning and flavouring agent, garlic is principally taken against fevers and chills.
H(108), a cold infusion serves as a body wash for infants as protection against chills.
H(001), H(036), H(113), H(151), the bulb also serves as effective remedy for hypertension, muscular pain, giddiness and sore eyes.
H(048), H(135), It is digestive and carminative and removes pains of the bowels.
H(013), H(014), when powdered with natron it is applied as a dressing on ulcers and skin diseases
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: ayuu (Igbo) ; ayo (Yoruba) ; garlic (English)

Reference HN 20
Author: Njoroge G.N., J. W. Kibunga
Title: Herbal medicine acceptance, sources and utilisation for diarrhoea management in a cosmopolitan urban area (Thika, Kenya). African Journal of Ecology, 45 (suppl. 1), pp. 65-70 (2007)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, bulb of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (urban area of Thika)
Vernacular name: kitunguu saumu (Swahili)

Reference HN 28
Author: Nnomo, R.D. , I.R. Tchouamo & J.Y. Pinta
Title: Apiphytothérapie à base du miel au Cameroun Ethnopharmacologia, n° 44, december 2009
Symptoms: H(004), H(014), H(022), H(037), H(038), H(082), H(091), H(099), H(104), H(118), H(135), H(151)
Recipes: H(004) injury, H(104) internal ulcer, concoction of 10 bulbs of Allium sativum, reduction in paste réduites + 10 soup spoons of powdered red clay + 1/2 l. of honey, cataplasm on wounds 1 x / day
H(014) itch, internal ulcer ashes of leaves of Eucalyptus globulus + juice of 5 fruits of Citrus sinensis and 5 bulbs of Allium sativum + 1 l. of honey, VO. et local application
H(022) delivery (made easier), paste of 200 g of rhizomes of Zingiber officinale of bulbs of Allium sativum of fruits of Garcinia kola, juice extract , maceration in 1l. of honey during 3 days. VO. 3 soup spoons 3 x/ day during 2 months before delivery
H(022) delivery (made easier) 1 glass of fruits powder of Cola nitida of bulb of Allium sativum of rhizoms of Zingiber officinale + 1 glass of honey, VO., 2 soup spoons of 2 X / day, 14 days before delivery
H(037) bronchitis, H(082) asthma, H(118) laryngite, maceration of 2 to 3 bulbs of Allium sativum during 3 hours, filter+ 2 glass of honey. VO. 1/2 glass 3 x / day
H(037) cough, rhinitis, bronchitis, 500 gr roots pasta of Zingiber officinale + 10 bulbs of Allium sativum, boiled with 1 l. of honey, VO. 2 soup spoons, 4 X / day
H(037) lungs diseases, H(151) hypertension, 1, 5 l. fruits decoction of Citrus sinensis, bulb of Allium sativum, rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, leaves of Cymbopogon citratus + 1/2l. of honey, VO. 1/2 glass / day
H(038) urogenital infection, H(091) anaemia, maceration of bulbs of Allium sativum in 2 l. of palm wine of Elaeis guineense during 48 hours, filter + 1 glass of honey. VO. 1 glass morning and evening, up to and recovery
H(099) nerve diseases, H(151) hypertension, leaves of Thymus vulgaris, bulbs of Allium sativum, decoction in 1 l. H2O + honey. VO 1/2 glass, 3 x / day during 1 months
H(135) halitosis, dough of seeds of Aframomum melegueta, bulbs of Alium sativum, fruit of Citrus sinensis + honey. To garle in the morning and evening
H(151) hypertension, 2 handfuls of bulbs of Allium sativum et 2 handfull of roots of Cymbopogon citratus en decoction in 2 l. H2O. filter + 1 l. of honey. VO. 1 glass / day
Region: Central Africa
Country: Cameroon
Vernacular name: not registered by the authors

Reference HN 31
Author: Namukobe, J., J. M. Kasenene, B. T. Kiremire, R. Byamukama, M. Kamatenesi-Mugisha, S. Krief, V. Dumontet, J. D. Kabasa
Title: Traditional plants used for medicinal purposes by local communities around the Northern sector of Kibale National Park, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136, 236–245, (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002960
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037, 2) cough, bulb of Allium sativum pound with ginger, add H2O., VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Northern sector of Kibale National Park)
Vernacular name: tungulucumu (Rutooro)

Reference HO 04
Author: Obute, G. C.
Title: Ethnomedicinal plant resources of South Eastern Nigeria Leaflets Journal on WWW: http://www.siu.edu/~ebl/leaflets/
Symptoms: H(107)
Recipes: H(107) typhoid, the leaves are boiled in 2 L of water for 30 – 40 minutes with 25 whole limes (Citrus aurantiifolia), 2 grape fruits, 2 unripe papaw fruits (Carica papaya), and 2 unripe pineapples (Ananas comosus), cut garlic (Allium sativum) and the bark of Alstonia boonei and used to treat typhoid fever.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Southeastern)
Vernacular name: garlic (English)

Reference HO 10
Author: Odugbemi, T. O., O. R. Akinsulire, I. E. Aibinu & P. O. Fabeku
Title: Medicinal plants useful for malaria therapy in Okeigbo Ondo state, Southwest Nigeria African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines Volume 4 (2): 191 - 198 (2007) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2816451/
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, bulb of Allium sativum concoction and tincture
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria, Ondo state
Vernacular name: ayuu (Okeigbo)

Reference HO 14
Author: Ogie-Odia, E.A . & E.F Oluowo
Title: Assessment of Some Therapeutic Plants of the Abbi People in Ndokwa West L.G.A of Delta State, Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 989-1002. 2009.
Symptoms: H(004), H(068), H(151)
Recipes: H(004), H(068), H(151), cloves of Allium sativum are eaten regularly and are a good anti-biotic for wounds and intestinal worms; it is used to control high blood pressure.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Ndokwa Delta State)
Vernacular name: ayun

Reference HO 20
Author: Olowokudejo J. D., A. B. Kadiri, V.A. Travih
Title: An Ethnobotanical Survey of Herbal Markets and Medicinal Plants in Lagos State of Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 851-65. 2008. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/lagos.htm
Symptoms: H(007), H(037), H(051), H(082), H(151), H(200)
Recipes: H(007) diuretic, vH(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(051) paludism, H(082) asthma, H(151) hypertension, H(200) antibiotic, bulb of Allium sativum, RNS. (Information obtained from herb sellers and traditional medicine practitioners from three popular and largest markets in Lagos)
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Local markets in Lagos state)
Vernacular name: ayu (Yoruba)

Reference HO 21
Author: Otang, W. M. , D. S. Grierson & R. N. Ndip
Title: Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the management of opportunistic fungal infections in HIV/AIDS patients in the Amathole District of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 6(11), pp. 2071-2080, 23 March, 2012 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2012/23Mar/Otang%20et%20al.pdf
Symptoms: H(014), H(087), H(199)
Recipes: H(199) HIV/AIDS, H(014) aspergillosis, H(087) oesopharyngeal candidiasis, opportunistic infections in HIV/AIDS, decoction of root of Allium sativum, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Amathole District of the Eastern Cape.)
Vernacular name: ivimbampunzi (isiXhosa)

Reference HR 10
Author: Rivière, C., J.-P. Nicolas, M.-L. Caradec, O. Désiré & A. Schmitt
Title: Les plantes médicinales de la région nord de Madagascar : Une approche ethnopharmacologique Ethnopharmacologia, n°36, novembre, pp. 36 - 50. (2005) Bulletin de la société française d'ethnopharmacologie et de la société européenne d'ethnopharmacologie
Symptoms: H(095)
Recipes: H(095), juice of pounded bulb
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar (North region)
Vernacular name: dongololay

Reference HS 18
Author: Ssegawa, P., J. M. Kasenene
Title: Medicinal plant diversity and uses in Sango bay area, Southern Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 113, pp. 521 - 540, (2007)
Symptoms: H(157)
Recipes: H(157, 4) febrile convulsions, to sniff the crushed bulb of Allium sativum
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Sango bay area)
Vernacular name: katunguluccumu

Reference HS 23
Author: Simbo, D. J.
Title: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Babungo, Northwest Region, Cameroon Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 6:8 (2010)
Symptoms: H(104), H(151)
Recipes: H(104) gastritis, leaf of Carica papaya juice is mixed with grated Allium sativum bulbs and the fruit juice of Citrus limon and VO.
H(151) hypertension, the bulbs of Allium sativum are added to a decoction of the leaves of Lantana camara, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Cameroun
Vernacular name: not registered by the authors

Reference HS 24
Author: Sonibare, M. A. and Z. O. Gbile
Title: Ethnobotanical survey of anti-asthmatic plants in South Western Nigeria African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 340-345 (2008)
Symptoms: H(082)
Recipes: H(082) asthma, roots of Olax subscorpioidea, plant of Euphorbia hirta, stem of Euphorbia lateriflora, roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, bulb of Crinum jagus, bulb of Allium sativum, fruit of Tetrapleura tetraptera, washed and cut all the recipes into pieces, soak in water in a covered glass jar and leave for three days. For adult: a small tumbler-full is taken three times daily, Children: a small tumbler-full daily.
H(082) asthma, bark of Khaya ivorensis, stem-bark of Terminalia ivorensis, bark of Piliostigma reticulatum, fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, root-bark of Uvaria chammae, bulb of Allium sativum, the ingredients are chopped into pieces and soaked in water for three days. Adult: a glass cupful daily, children: half a glass cupful daily.
Region: West Africa
Country: South-western Nigeria
Vernacular name: ayuu

Reference HS 26
Author: Sameh, F. A., A. M. Abdelhalim
Title: Survey on medicinal plants and spices used in Beni-Sueif, Upper Egypt Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 7:18, (2011)
Symptoms: H(151), H(168), H(200)
Recipes: H(151, 2) hypertension, H(168, 1) memory loss, H(200, 2) microbial infections, chewing fresh bulbs after removing external scales of Allium sativum
Region: North Africa
Country: Egypt (region of Beni-Sueif)
Vernacular name: thawm

Reference HS 27
Author: Sangare, D.
Title: Etude de la prise en charge du paludisme par les thérapeutes traditionnels dans les aires de santé de Kendie (Bandiagara) et de Finkolo AC (Sikasso) Thesis presented and defended in public, December 20, 2003, at the Faculty of Medicine of Pharmacy and Odontostomatology at the University of Bamako (Republic of Mali), 115p. http://www.keneya.net/fmpos/theses/2004/pharma/pdf/04P27.pdf
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) simple paludism, bulbs of Allium sativum, Loranthus sp , Ficus sp are pulverized into fine powder which is used by massage with shea butter, steambath and drinking water (healer in the village of Kendié).
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali Republic (region of Kendie and Finkolo)
Vernacular name: aïl (Dogon)

Reference HS 29
Author: Sonibare, M.A., and R. B. Abegunde
Title: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Laniba village people in South Western Nigeria African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology Vol. 6(24), pp. 1726-1732, 29 June, 2012 http://www.academicjournals.org/AJPP/PDF/pdf2012/29%20Jun/Sonibare%20and%20Abegunde.pdf
Symptoms: H(151)
Recipes: H(151) hypertension, Allium cepa and Allium sativum, cut into pieces and macerated in H2O, VO. 3 X / day
Region: West Africa
Country: South Western Nigeria (Laniba village)
Vernacular name: aayu (Yoruba)

Reference HS 31
Author: Saotoing, P., T. Vroumsia, Tchobsala, F-N. Tchuenguem Fohouo, A.-M. Njan Nloga & J. Messi
Title: Medicinal plants used in traditional treatment of malaria in Cameroon Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment Vol. 3(3), pp. 104-117, March 2011 http://www.academicjournals.org/jene/PDF/Pdf2011/March/Saotoing%20et%20al.pdf
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 2) paludism, bulb of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Cameroon (town of Maroua, Far North Region)
Vernacular name: angalajé (Fulfulde)

Reference HT 20
Author: Terrac, M.-L.
Title: Contribution à l'étude des plantes médicinales de Madagascar, de la Réunion et de l'île Maurice. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur de l'Université de Paris (Pharmacie), Novembre 1947. Imprimerie Vuibert, 6 rue Martel, Paris, 246 p., (1947)
Symptoms: H(048), H(050), H(068), H(090), H(099), H(103), H(104), H(130), H(164)
Recipes: H(048), H(050), H(068), H(090), H(099) hysteria, H(103), H(104) stomachic, H(130), H(164), ONS., RNS.
From references HT 20 - 4, HT 20 - 6, HT 20 - 9
Region: Madagascar, Reunion, Mauritius
Country: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HT 25
Author: Thring, T.S.A. & F.M. Weitz
Title: Medicinal plant use in the Bredadoro / Elim region of the Southern Overberg in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 103, pp. 261 - 275 (2006)
Symptoms: H(051), H(068), H(113)
Recipes: H(051), H(068), H(113),, cloves (Allium sativum) are eaten raw. Taken on a daily basis for arthtitis or pains
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Western Cape Province)
Vernacular name: knoffel, garlic

Reference HT 26
Author: Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Mirutse Giday, Girmay Medhim,Yalemtsehay Mekonnen
Title: Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by people around Debre Libanos monastery in Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 11, pp. 271 - 283 (2007)
Symptoms: H(051), H(104), H(194), H(201)
Recipes: H(051) paludism bulb of Allium sativum, VO.
H(104) stomach-ache, bulb VO.
H(104) stomach-ache, bulb of Allium sativum, seeds of Lepidium sativum, VO. the fresh mixture
H(104) stomach-ache, bulb of Allium sativum, roots of Cymbopogon citratus, leaves of Maytenus serrata, flowers and leaves of Ruta chalepensis, VO. the fresh mixture
H(194) leishmania, bulb of Allium sativum, leaves of Clematis hirsuta, seeds of Guizotia abyssinica, mildy heated powder paste in local application
H(201) evil eye, bulb of Allium sativum, roots of Capparis tomentosa of Carissa spinarum of Croton macrostachyus of Withania somnifera, inhalation of smoke of the mixed powder
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of the Debre Libanos monastery)
Vernacular name: nech shinkurt (Amharic)

Reference HT 27
Author: Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Mirutse Giday
Title: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia, Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 3:12 (2007)
Symptoms: H(001), H(201)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness (ayne maz) rubbing with warmed bulb of Allium sativum
H(201) evil eye, smelling aroma of bulb
H(201) evil eyes roots powder of Allium sativum of Asparagus africanus of Capparis tomentosa of Carissa spinarum (agam) of Clausena anisata of Dracaena steudneri of Echinops kebericho of Justicia schimperiana (sensel) of Ruta chalepensis , spinkled on burning charcoal and inhaling smoke
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Northwest, Zegie peninsula)
Vernacular name: nech shinkurt (Amharic)

Reference HT 35
Author: Tabuti, J.R.S., C. B. Kukunda, P. J. Waako
Title: Medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners in the treatment of tuberculosis and related ailments in Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology , Volume127, pp. 130–136 (2010)
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037, 1) leaves of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (districts of Kamuli, Nakapiripirit and Kisoro)
Vernacular name: garlic

Reference HT 40
Author: Tra Bi Fézan, H., G. M. Irié, K C.C. N’GAMAN & C.H.B. Mohou
Title: Études de quelques plantes thérapeutiques utilisées dans le traitement de l’hypertension artérielle et du diabète : deux maladies émergentes en Côte d’Ivoire Sciences & Nature Vol. 5 N°1 : 39 - 48 (2008) http://www.ajol.info/index.php/scinat/article/viewFile/42150/9278
Symptoms: H(151)
Recipes: H(151) hypertension, decoction of the bulb of Allium sativum
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Abidjan town)
Vernacular name: not registered bu the authors

Reference HT 43
Author: Teklay, A., B. Abera, M. Giday
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 9:65 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/65
Symptoms: H(004), H(014), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(070), H(103), H(130), H(201)
Recipes: H(004) wound, sore, crush seeds of Lepidium sativum, leaves Dyschoriste radicans and bulb of Allium sativum and tie on affected part
H(051) paludism, crush the bulb of Allium sativum and it alone or by mixing with seeds of Lepidium sativum and eat it
H(037) cough, eat or smell the bulb or crush and eat it with honey H(014) itching, H(014) scabies, crush seeds of Lepidium sativum with leaves of Rumex nervosus and Withania somnifera and bulb of Allium sativum, sock it in water and wash body with it
H(068) amoeba, grind the bulb and eat it with honey
H(070) rabies eat the bulb
H(103) toothache, chew the bulb with the affected tooth
H(130) paralysis crush the bulb and rub on body
H(211) michi (sick headache, + fever + muscle spasm + herpes + excessive sweating), crush leaves of Lepidium sativum with bulbs of Allium sativum and eat or rub it on the skin
H(211) michi (sick headache, + fever + muscle spasm + herpes + excessive sweating), crush whole plant and apply the paste or place it on fire for fumigation
H(201) evil eye, mix whole plant of Artemisia abyssinica with bulbs of Allium sativum and smell it
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia, Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region
Vernacular name: tsaeda shingurti (Tigrigna)

Reference HW 07
Author: Wondimu Tigist, Asfaw Arsi, Kelbessa Ensermu
Title: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants around 'Dheeraa' town, Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 112, pp. 152-161, (2007)
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, H(037) lung abcess, bulb of Allium sativum are crushed, homogenized in H2O, VO. , or infused, VO., or eaten with oters foods
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Arsi zone)
Vernacular name: qulubi-aadii

Reference HZ 02
Author: Zerabruk, S., G. Yirga
Title: Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Gindeberet district, Western Ethiopia South African Journal of Botany 78, 165–169 (2012) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911000962
Symptoms: H(004), H(013), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(108), H(118)
Recipes: H(004) closed wound, barks of Allium sativum, RNS., local application
H(013) skin disease, roots of Allium sativum of Girardinia diversifolia, RNS.,local application
H(018) headache, bark + oil, RNS., local application
H(037) cough, roots + honey, RNS., VO.
H(051) paludism, roots of Allium sativum of Girardinia diversifolia, RNS., nasal
H(108) cold, bark + honey, RNS., VO.
H(118) sour throat, bark, RNS., VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia (Gindeberet district)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HZ 03
Author: Zerbo, P., J. Millogo-Rasolodimby, O. G. Nacoulma-Ouédraogo, P. Van Damme
Title: Plantes médicinales et pratiques médicales au Burkina Faso : cas des Sanan Bois et Forêts des Tropiques,, N° 307 ( 1 ), (2011)
Symptoms: H(099)
Recipes: H(099) nervous disorders, rhizome of Allium sativum, calcination, application
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (San countries, northwestern Burkina Faso)
Vernacular name: laï (Sanan)

Reference J1 Nord
Author: Jouad, H., M. Haloui, H.Rhiouani, J.El-Hilaly & M. Eddouks
Title: Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes, cardiac and renal diseases in the North centre of Morocco (Fez-Boulemane). Table 1 Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 77, pp. 175 - 182 ((2001)
Symptoms: H(034), H(171)
Recipes: H(171, 146) diabetes, H(034, 146) cardiac diseases, bulb, RNS.
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco (region of Fez-Boulemane)
Vernacular name: touma

Reference T2 Nord
Author: Tahraoui, A., J., El-Hilaly, Z.H. Israili, B. Lyoussi
Title: Ethnopharmacological survey of plants used in the traditional treatment of hypertension and diabetes in south-eastern Moroco (Errachidia province). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 110, pp. 105 - 117 (2007)
Symptoms: H(151)
Recipes: H(151, 58), raw bulb of Allium sativum, roasted
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco (Errachidia province)
Vernacular name: tuma

Reference VA 07
Author: Agab, H.
Title: Traditional treatment methods of camels in eastern Sudanwith emphasis on firing. Journal of Camel Practice and Research, Volume 5, 1, 161 - 164, (1998)
Symptoms: V(037), V(099)
Recipes: Vch(037), expectorant, bulbs, RNS.
Vch(099), sedative, bulbs, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Sudan (East)
Vernacular name: toom

Reference VA 17
Author: Assogba, M.N.
Title: Quelques enquêtes sur la pharmacopée traditionnelle vétérinaire en République populaire du Bénin. 13ème Conférence de la Société ouest africaine de pharmacologie, 23-24-25 février 1984 à Cotonou. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique. Collège polytechnique universitaire, 107 p., (1984)
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: Vb(068), leaves, Capsicum frutescens + pods Allium sativum, pounded, H2O, decantation, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: ayo (Fon)

Reference VA 37
Author: Alawa, J. P., G.E. Jokthan, K. Akut
Title: Ethnoveterinary medical practice for ruminants in the subhumid zone of northern Nigeria Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 54 (2002) 79 - 90
Symptoms: V(039)
Recipes: V(039), burn plant, smoke bath in housing
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(014), V(039), V(068)
Recipes: Vb(014), Veq(014), Vc(014), Vo(014), leaves and pods, to rub 1 X / day
Vb(039)lice, Vch(039)lice, V‚q(039)lice, Vc(039)lice, Vo(039)lice, 2 pods, pounded + 4l H2O, wash 1X / day
Vb(068), Vc(068), Vo(068), 2 pods, pounded + 4l. H2O, VO., 1/2 l. , 2x / day
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Gikuyu, Maragoli)
Vernacular name: saumu (Gikuyu, Maragoli)

Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(008)
Recipes: Vb(008) cholera , 1 bulb of Allium sativun + 1 handfull of soot, to pound + 2 capsules of bottle H2O, VO. 3 drops 3 X / day during 3 J
Vv(008) cholera , 1 bulb of Allium sativun + 1 handfull of soot, to pound + 2 capsules of bottle H2O, VO. 3 drops 3 X / day during 3 days
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference VK 11
Author: Kasonia, K. & K.M. Yamolo
Title: Ethnologie des traitements vétérinaires dans la région du Nord-Kivu (Rép. du Zaïre). Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 275 - 286, (1994)
Symptoms: V(063)
Recipes: Vv(063), ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Nord-Kivu) (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: tungulu sumu (swahili)

Reference VK 28
Author: Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou
Title: Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinaty medicine in Northern Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa). South African Journal of Botany, Volume 74, pp. 76 - 84, (2008) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003651
Symptoms: V(037)
Recipes: Vb(037) cough, leaves of Afraegle paniculata, bulb of Allium sativum are grounded + H2O, filtered, VO., 1 l. , or as drops in the nostrils, 2 X / day
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Northern)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference VK 44
Author: Kayode, J., M. K. Olanipekun and P. O. Tedela
Title: Medicobotanical Studies in Relation to Veterinary Medicine in Ekiti State, Nigeria: Checklist of Botanicals used for the Treatment of Poultry Diseases Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 40-46. 2009. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com//leaflets/poultry.htm See also the reference VK 45
Symptoms: V(068), V(082), V(108)
Recipes: Vv(068) helminthiasis and Vv(082) respiratory diseases, Vv(108) cold, leaves, bulbs of Allium sativum, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Ekiti State)
Vernacular name: alubosa-elewe

Reference VL 14
Author: Lans Cheryl , Tonya Khan
Title: Family poultry and Newcastle disease in Africa: the role of ethnoveterinary medicine. (1999) University of Victoria, Vancouver. Article on http://www.ethnovet.com/files/poster_avian_flu_ethnovet2.htm
Symptoms: V(082), V(105)
Recipes: Vv(082) unspecified respiratory disease, bulb of Alium sativum immersed in the drinking water
Vv(105), bulb of Allium sativum, crushed and mixed with drinking water.
Region: not communicated
Country: not communicated
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference VM 10
Author: Minja, M.M.J.
Title: Medicinal plants used in promotion of animal health in Tanzania. Animal Diseases Research Instit., Dep. Pharmacology/ Toxic., Dar Es Salaam. Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 335 - 364, (1994)
Symptoms: V(008), V(107)
Recipes: Vv(107), bulbs pounded in food, prevention
Vb(008) calf, juice, ONS, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Mbarali district)
Vernacular name: kitunguu saumu (Swahili)

Reference VM 47
Author: Mafimisebi, T.E., A.E.Oguntade, A.N. Fajemisin, O.P. Aiyelari
Title: Local knowledge and socio-economic determinants of traditional medicines utilization in livestock health management in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 8:2, (2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/pdf/1746-4269-8-2.pdf
Symptoms: V(037)
Recipes: V(037) cough., gound garlic (Allium sativum) and ginger (Zingiber officinale) mixed with palm oil, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Southwest Nigeria
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference VN 02
Author: Nwude, N. & M.A. Ibrahim
Title: Plants used in traditional veterinary medical practice in Nigeria. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, Volume 3, 261 - 273, (1980)
Symptoms: V(051), V(068)
Recipes: Vv(051), pod in small pieces + peper, VO., or leaves + rock salt + H2O, VO
.Vo(051), Vo(068),Vc(51), Vc(068), + Lawsonia inermis leaves decoction, enema
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: tatarnuwa (Hausa)

Reference VN 08
Author: Nacoulma - Ouedraogo, O., J. Millogo - Rasolodimby & S. Guinko
Title: Les plantes herbacées dans la thérapie des piqûres d'insectes. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 11 - 12, 1 65 - 176, (1997 - 1998)
Symptoms: V(020)
Recipes: V(020), insects, bulbs, juice, external use (wasp)
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (central table-land plateau)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference VS 20
Author: Sori, T., M. Bekana, G. Adugna, E. Kelbessa
Title: Medicinal Plants in the Ethnoveterinary Practices of Borana Pastoralists, Southern Ethiopia Intern J. Appl. Res. Vet .Med., Vol. 2, No. 3 (2004)
Symptoms: V(045)
Recipes: V(045) antiseptic, V(186) expectorant, bulb of Allium sativum, aste or as, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Southern)
Vernacular name: qullubbi (Borana language)

Reference VS 20
Author: Sori, T., M. Bekana, G. Adugna, E. Kelbessa
Title: Medicinal Plants in the Ethnoveterinary Practices of Borana Pastoralists, Southern Ethiopia Intern J. Appl. Res. Vet .Med., Vol. 2, No. 3 (2004)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) antipaludisml (for humans), bulb of Allium sativum, paste or as, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Southern)
Vernacular name: qullubbi (Borana language)

Reference VT 26
Author: Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Mirutse GidayGirmay Medhim,Yalemtsehay Mekonnen
Title: Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by people around Debre Libanos monastery in Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 111, pp. 271 - 283 ((2007))
Symptoms: V(000)
Recipes: V(000) trips (golloba), bulb of Allium sativum, roots of Anethum foeniculum of Cucumis ficifolius, seeds of Lepidium sativum, fresh crushed in H2O, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of the Debre Libanos monastery)
Vernacular name: nech shinkurt (Amharic)

Reference VY 01
Author: Yineger, H., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, E. Lulekal
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants at Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 112, pp. 55 - 70 (2007)
Symptoms: V(003), V(006), V(037), V(041), V(075), V(126)
Recipes: V(003) badhaftu (external swelling with ultimately burst and discharges of pus), fresh leaves of Artemisis absinthium of Nicotiana tabaccum of Leonotis ocymifolia, bulbs of Allium sativum are crushed and tied over the wound after contacting swollen site to glowing iron
V(006) + V(037) + V(075), darissaa (gamoji, zalaqua) (slight cough, shivering, unable to defecate, to eat, constipation, abdominal distension, shivering, fluid discharge through nose, falling of ear. Leads to death), fresh or dried roots of Cyathula polycephala with bulb of Allium sativum are pounder and mixed with cold H2O, nasal administration
V(006) + V(037) + V(075), darissaa (gamoji, zalaqua), leaves of Zehneria scabra of Olinia rochetiana, roots of Withania somnifera of Allium sativum are boiled with butter, given nasally
V(041) blackleg (dhukuba gorbe, aba gorba), fresh or dried roots of Cucumis ficifolius and Allium sativum, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum of Discopodium eremanthum are crushed, the result is placed on the cut skin part and the rest is VO.
V(041) blackleg (dhukuba gorbe, aba gorba), leaves of Erythrina brucei, Vernonia myrantha, Ruta chalepensis of Nicotiana tabacum of Cymbopogon citratus, roots of Salvia merjamie, Cucumis ficifolius of Rumex nepalensis of Allium sativum, fruits of Nigella sativa are crushed and mixed with saltwater, VO.
V(041) blackleg (dhukuba gorbe, aba gorba), seeds of Nigella sativa with leaves of Allium sativum of Ruta chalepensis are pounded together, mixed with H2O, VO.
V(126) hepatitis (dhukuba alati), the crushed fresh bulbs are mixed with salt and H2O, VO
V(126) hepatitis (dhukuba alati), crushed leaves of Rosa abyssinica and bulbs of Allium sativum are mixed with salt and H2O, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Bale Mountains National Park)
Vernacular name: qulubi adi

Reference VY 02
Author: Yongabi, K. A.
Title: MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY: IT’S ROLE AND LINK IN INTEGRATED BIOSYSTEMS: PART I. FMEnv/ZERI research Centre, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi (in gray litterature)
Symptoms: V(008), V(062), V(105), V(107)
Recipes: Vv(008) fowl cholera, diarrhoea, bulb of Allium sativum (garlic), leaves decoction of Solanum incanum (sweet potato), twigs of Guava plantt ? in feed or in drinkers
Vv(062) coccidiosis, Vv(107) fowl typhoid , bulb of Allium sativum (Garlic) in feed or in drinkers
Vv(105) Newcastle disease Allium sativum (Garlic), seeds extracts of Moringa oleifera in feed or in drinkers
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: not registered by the author

Reference Z1 Nord
Author: Ziyyat, A., A. Legssyer, H. Mekhfi, A. Dassouli, M. Sehrouchni & W. Benjelloum
Title: Phytotherapy of hypertension and diabetes in oriental Morocco. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 58, pp. 45 - 54 (1997)
Symptoms: H(151), H(171)
Recipes: H(151), H(171), bulbe, RNS.
Region: North Africa
Country: Moroco (oriental)
Vernacular name: toum