Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

Search | Practical Guide | Contact | The Authors

184 references related to the following plant

Official name: Cassia occidentalis L.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Pictures:

Reference HA 01
Author: Adjanohoun, E., A. Abel, L. Ake Assi, D. Brown, K.S Chetty, L. Chong-Seng, J. Eymé, T. Friedman, J. N. Gassita, E. N. Goudotê, P. Govinden, A. Keita, B. Koudogbo, G. Lailam, D. Landreau, G. Lionnet, A. Soopramanien
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques aux Seychelles. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 170 p., (1983) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(068), H(103)
Recipes: H(068) child, maceration roots of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(103) new born, teeths, decoction (H2O) leaves Cassia, to filter, VO.
Region: Seychelles
Country: Seychelles
Vernacular name: casse puante

Reference HA 02
Author: Adjanohoun, E, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, K. Dramane, J. A. Elewude, S. O. Fadoju, Z.O. Gbile, E. Goudote, C.L. A. Johnson, A. Keita, O. Morakinyo, J. A. O. Ojewole, A. O. Olatunjia, E. A. Sofowora
Title: Contribution to ethnobotanical and floristic studies in Western Nigeria. CSTR-OUA, 420 p., (1991) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(014), H(046)
Recipes: H(014) dermatosis, cooking of leaves of Cassia occidentalis + beans, VO
H(046), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia, VO. + beans
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 03
Author: Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, A. Akoegninou, J. d'Almeida, F. Apovo, K. Boukef, M. Chadare, G. Gusset, K. Dramane, J. Eyme, J. - N. Gassita, N. Gbaguidi, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, P. Houngnon, Issa Lo, A. Keita, H. V. Kiniffo, D. K
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Bénin. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 895 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(020), H(031), H(037), H(046), H(051), H(077), H(104), H(122), H(126), H(162), H(166), H(168), H(171)
Recipes: H(008), powder of carbonized seeds of Cassia occidentalis, whole fruit of Capsicum sp. , VO.
H(013) cutaneous eruption, leaves of Cassia, RNS.
H(013) cutaneous eruption, roots of Cassia, RNS.
H(013) + H(051), stem with leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Jatropha gossypiifolia of Momordica charantia, RNS.
H(014) nettle-rash, roots of Cassia, RNS.
H(014) nettle-rash, foliole of Cassia, RNS.
H(018), juice leaves Cassia, RNS.
H(020), leaves of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
H(031), barks stem, branch, trunk of Cassia, RNS.
H(037), pneumonia, roots of Cassia occidentalis, ripe fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, RNS.
H(037) pneumo leaves of Cassia occidentalis, seeds of Aframomum melegueta, RNS.
H(046), stem with leavess of Cassia, RNS.
H(046), leaves of Cassia, RNS.
H(046), seeds of Cassia, RNS.
H(046), roots of Cassia occidentalis, bulb of Allium cepa, RNS.
H(051) paludism, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
H(051) paludism, roots of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
H(051), stem with leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Citrus aurantifolia of Physalis angulata, RNS.
H(051), leaves of Cassia, RNS.
H(077), leaves, decoction (H2O) of Sansevieria liberica, roots of Cassia occidentalis in decoction (H2O) + potash, VO.
H(104), roots of Cassia, RNS.
H(122), carbonized seeds, in powder of Cassia, VO.
H(126, 2) leaves of Cassia , RNS.
H(126), stems with leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Ocimum gratissimum of Cassia siamea , RNS.
H(126), ONS. of Cassia occidentalis, aerian part of Citrus aurantifolia, ONS. Citrus aurantium, ONS. Ocimum canum, RNS.
H(126), whole plant of Cassia occidentalis, roots ofCocos nuciirona, RNS.
H(126), leaves, barks stem, branch, trunk of Cassia occidentalis, leaves of Moringa oleiirona of Citrus aurantiifolia, RNS.
H(126), roots of Cassia occidentalis, ripe fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, RNS.
H(126), roots of Acanthospermum hispidum, leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Carica papaya, RNS.
H(126), leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Citrus aurantifolia, roots of Elaeis guineensis of Cocos nuciirona, RNS.
H(126), whole plant of Cassia occidentalis of Cnestis ironruginea, RNS.
H(126), stem with leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, stem with leaves of Cassia occidentalis, of Cassia siamea, RNS.
H(162), decoction (H2O), maceration, decantation of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, leaves and roots of Vernonia colorata, VO.
H(166) convulsions, leaves of Cassia, RNS.
H(168), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, roots of Citrus aurantium, VO.
H(171), whole plant of Cassia occidentalis of Chassalia kolly, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: falvi (Adja), agonlinsiwaluvi, ayahwinouman, dougblé, kpayowé (Fon), aguèntougblè, ganguèntogblé, ganyitogbé, kinikiniba, sènawanmi, toungbé (Gon), kpadjakpadja (Nago de Dassa), avakofemar, bessissan (Watchi, adjangoulou (Yoruba)

Reference HA 05
Author: Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, J. Baniakina, P. Chibon, G. Cusset, V. Doulou, A. Enzanza, J. Eymé, E. Goudoté, A. Keita, C. Mbemba, J. Mollet, J.- M. Moutsamboté, J. Mpati, P. Sita
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Congo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 605 p., (1988) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(012), H(020), H(031), H(051), H(055), H(094), H(104), H(109), H(126), H(171)
Recipes: H(008), decoction (H2O) leaves and roots of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(012), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Ocimum gratissimum of Cassia occidentalis of Arachis hypogea du petiole of Musa paradisiaca, massage
H(020), leaves grinded of Bidens pilosa of Cassia occidentalis, scarifications and local application
H(020), leaves of Cassia occidentalis, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(020), pulp leaves of Cassia occidentalis, local application, VO.
H(031), to grind in palm oil the leaves of Asystasia gangetica of Cassia occidentalis of Schwenckia americana, seeds Aframomum melegueta, ONS. Pterocarpus soyauxii, massage - - H(051), barks stems trunk, twigs of Nauclea latifolia, roots of Cassia occidentalis, in pieces, maceration, filtration, VO.
H(055) again alcoholism, decoction (H2O)of leaves of Cogniauxia podolaena of Cassia occidentalis of Piper umbelatum of Costus afer Ker-Gawl of Crinum purpurascens, and to delayed in alcohol, VO.
H(094), decoction (H2O) leaves Cassia, VO.
H(104), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO
H(104), whole plant of Cassia occidentalis, barks stem, branch, trunk of Nauclea latifolia, maceration (H2O), VO.
H(104), barks stem, branch, trunk of Nauclea latifolia, roots of Cassia occidentalis, maceration (H2O), to filter, VO.
H(104), maceration of roots of Cassia occidentalis, to filter, VO.
H(109), decoction (H2O) leaves, massage
H(109), decoction (H2O) roots, VO.
H(126), decoction (H2O) stem with leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(126), decoction (H2O) of roots of Cassia occidentalis of Nauclea latifolia, leaves of Sansevieria liberica, VO.
H(171), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Ocimum gratissimum, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Popular republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name: ondziéguè (Akwa), nkéantali (Koukouya), nkrantali (Téké), ndabou zangoulou (Soundi), faux kinhéliba (French)

Reference HA 06
Author: Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi , L. Dan Dicko, H. Daouda, M. Delmas, S. de Souza, M. Garba, S. Guinko, A. Kayonga, D. N'Glo, J.-L. Reynal, M. Saadou
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Niger. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 250 p., (1980) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(126)
Recipes: H(126), delayed powder of leaves of Ficus thonningii of Cassia occidentalis of Psidium guajava, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Niger
Vernacular name: raydore (Hausa), sanga-sanga (Zarma, Peuhl), leydoré (Tamacheck), faux kinkéliba (local French)

Reference HA 07
Author: Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, K. Akpagana, P. Chibon, A. El - Hadji, J. Eyme, M. Garba, , J. - N. Gassita, M. Gbeassor, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, K. - K. Hodouto, P. Houngnon, A. Keita, Y. Keoula, W. P. Kluga - Ocloo, I. Lo, K. M. Siamevi, K. K.
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Togo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 671 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(005), H(014), H(026), H(031), H(043), H(051), H(077), H(104), H(126), H(157), H(184), H(201)
Recipes: H(005), roots of Cassia occidentalis of Cocos nucifera, VO.
H(005), pulp leaves of Cassia occidentalis, pulp epicarp Elaeis guineensis, local application
H(014) dermatosiss, pulp leaves Cassia, local application
H(026), decoction (H2O) roots Cassia occidentalis, epicarp Musa paradisiaca, VO.
H(031), roots and leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Ipomoea batatas, decoction (H20), VO.
H(031), roots and leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Ipomoea batatas, to burn, powder in scarification
H(043), leaves, pulp of Datura stramonium of Sida acuta of Cassia tora of Cassia occidentalis, unguent
H(051) paludism, leaves of Combretum micranthum, of Cymbopogon giganteus of Cassia occidentalis of Azadirachta indica of Cassia sieberiana of Musa sapientum of Carica papaya of Jatropha curcas of Byrsocarpus coccineus of Morinda lucida, decoction (H2O) , VO.
H(077), decoction (H2O) roots and leaves of Cassia occidentalis, seeds of Aframomum melegueta, ONS. Garcinia kola, VO.
H(104), roots of Cassia occidentalis of Catharanthus roseus, decoction (H2O), VO.

H(126), decoction (H2O) roots Cassia occidentalis of Catharanthus roseus, VO.
H(157), decoction (H2O) roots and leaves of Jatropha gossypiifolia of Cassia occidentalis, VO. and inhalation
H(184), decoction (H2O) roots Cassia, VO.
H(201) psychosis, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, of Sida acuta, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Vernacular name: adakayi, awakognifan, awakofé, awakofin, awakolifé (Ewé), faux kinkéliba (French)

Reference HA 08
Author: Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, A. Ahmed, J. Eymê, S. Guinko, A. Kayonga, A. Keita, M. Lebras
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques aux Comores. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 216 p., (1982) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(007), H(022), H(166)
Recipes: H(007), H(166), ONS., RNS.
H(022), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: Comoros
Country: Comoros
Vernacular name: hassa (Anjouan island), sanamaka (Mohéli island), faux kinkéliba (French)

Reference HA 09
Author: Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, J. Eymê, J. - N. Gassita, E. Goudotê, J. Guêho, F. S. L. Ip, D. Jackaria, S. K. K. Kalachand, A. Keita, B. Koudogbo, B. Landreau, A. W. Owadally, A. Soopramanien
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques à Maurice (Iles Maurice et Rodrigues). Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 214 p., (1983) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(006), H(051)
Recipes: H(006), maceration roots, VO.
H(051), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: Mauritius
Country: Mauritius & Rodrigues
Vernacular name: casse puante

Reference HA 10
Author: Adjanohoun, E., L. Ake Assi
Title: Contribution au recensement des plantes médicinales de Côte d'Ivoire. Centre Nat. Florist. Univ. Abidjan, 358 p., (1979)
Symptoms: H(082), H(091), H(126)
Recipes: H(082), leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Baphia nitida, pounded, delayedr H2O, to filter
H(091) + H(126), fruit in pieces, decoction (H2O) Ananas comosus, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 11
Author: Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, J.J. Floret , S. Guinko, M. Koumaré, A. M. R. Ahyi, J. Raynal
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Mali. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 291 p., (1981) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(014), H(051), H(100), H(126)
Recipes: H(014) nettle-rash, roots of Cassia., RNS.
H(051) paludism, decoction (H2O) whole plant of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(095) to replace coffee, seeds roasted of Cassia., infusion powder, VO.
H(100) syph, ONS. of Cassia., RNS.
H(126), roots of Cassia., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: m'balanbalanfing (Bambara), tasbati (Peuhl), sang-sanga (Sonraï), faux kinkéliba (local French)

Reference HA 12
Author: Ake Assi, L., J. Abeye, S. Guinko, R. Giguet, X. Bangavou
Title: Contribution à l'identification et au recensement des plantes utilisées dans la médecine traditionnelle et la pharmacopée en République Centrafricaine. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 139 p., (1981) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(008), H(104)
Recipes: H(008), H(104), leaves and roots, decoction (H2O) of Cassia occidentalis
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HA 15
Author: Akendengue, B.
Title: Guinée équatoriale (1992) From PHARMEL 2 ref.: HP 10
Symptoms: H(034), H(051)
Recipes: H(034) pectoral, H(051), maceration of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Equatorial Guinea
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 16
Author: Ake Assi, L.
Title: Quelques vertus médicinales de Cassia occidentalis L. (Caesalpiniaceae) en basse Côte d'Ivoire. Bothalia, 14, 617 - 628, (1983)
Symptoms: H(001), H(006), H(102), H(007), H(045), H(051), H(082), H(091), H(102), H(112), H(126), H(179)
Recipes: H(001) cataract, juice leaves of Cassia occidentalis, ripe fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, drops in eyes
H(006) + H(102), maceration of leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(007), infusion leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(045) cicatrisantcordon ombilical, flowers, grinded, local application
H(051), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(051), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia, bath, steam bath
H(082), leaves of Cassia, grinded, macerateds, to filter, VO.
H(091) kwash, decoction (H2O) of roots of Cassia, VO.
H(102), pulp leaves of Cassia, to dilute, enema
H(112), decoction (H2O) of roots of Cassia, enema
H(126), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(126), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia, bath, steam bath
H(179) albumin, decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 17
Author: Assogba, M.N.
Title: Quelques enquêtes sur la pharmacopée traditionnelle vétérinaire en République populaire du Bénin. Communication à la 13ème Conférence de la Société Ouest Africaine de Pharmacologie, 23-24-25 février 1984 à Cotonou. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche scientifique. Collège polytechnique universitaire, 107p., (1984)
Symptoms: H(014)
Recipes: H(014), mouth by man, stem, leaves, fruit of Cassia occidentalis, leaves of Gossypium herbaceum, the whole plant of Momordica charantia, stems and leaves of Phyllanthus amarus, decoction (H2O), VO., 1/2 litre / day (1X)
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: akorere (Nago, région de Sakete), kinikiniba ako (Nago, région de Save

Reference HA 1k
Author: Ainslie, J.R.
Title: A list of plants used in native medicine in Nigeria. Imperial Forestry Institute.University of Oxford, Institute Paper, n° 7, (1937)
Symptoms: H(001), H(006), H(013), H(008), H(051), H(100), H(109), H(126), H(137), H(157)
Recipes: H(001), H(157) , leaves of Cassia occidentalis + oil palm, convulsion, sore eyes, RNS.
H(006), H(104), H(051), H(051x), infusion leaves Cassia occidentalis, black water, purg, stomach ache, fever, yellow fever
H(013), powder bark on ulcer
H(006), infusion fruit, roots, leaves, seeds Cassia occidentalis, purgative, RNS.
H(007), H(126), H(195), infus roots to 2%, diuretic in dropsy and congested liver
H(051) paludism + H(008), H(100) gono., roots Cassia occidentalis, fever, dfiuretic, gonnorhoea, black water, RNS.
H(109), H(137), leaves + roots powder "as poultice for backache, sores"
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: rere, aborere (Yoruba)

Reference HA 20
Author: Adjanohoun et al.
Title: Contribution to ethnobotanical and floristic studies in Uganda. O.U.A./C.S.T.R., Lagos (1993) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(068), H(093), H(104)
Recipes: H(068), leaves pounded, to filterd of Cassia, VO.
H(068), leaves of Cassia, decoction, VO.
H(093), powder of dry leaves of Cassia, to dilute H2O, VO.
H(104), roots of Cassia occidentalis, whole plant Justicia exigua, maceration, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 23
Author: Ambe, G. - A. & F. Malaisse
Title: Les plantes utilisées dans la médecine et la pharmacopée traditionnelles d'une population Malinke en Côte d'Ivoire. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 14, 121 - 130, (2000)
Symptoms: H(108)
Recipes: H(108) cold, leaves, decoction, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast
Vernacular name: kinkeliba - tchêman (Dioula)

Reference HA 24
Author: Ayobangira, S.F.X., K. Tsongo & M.J. Kirarahumu
Title: Contribution à l'étude des plantes médicinales du Nord-Kivu: plantes antihémorroïdaires exploitées dans la ville de Goma. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 14, 75 - 87, (2000)
Symptoms: H(094)
Recipes: H(094), fresh leaves of Cassia didymobotrya, Cassia occidentalis, Chenopodium ambrosioides, decoction 30 ', enema, 3 x / day during 4 days + enema with castor oil (Ricinus communis)
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Nord-Kivu, Goma)
Vernacular name: umukubayoka (Kinyarwanda), mushegemanjoka (Mashi)

Reference HA 28
Author: Adandé, A.
Title: Le maïs et ses usages dans le Bas-Dahomey. Bulletin de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire (I.F.A.N.), série A, XV, 220 - 282, (1953)
Symptoms: H(007)
Recipes: H(007) diur., roots, leaves, decoction in gisi , VO. (often)
gisi (Fon), gisu (Goum), omi/ogi (Yoruba) = fermentation H2O of maize
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin (Dahomey)
Vernacular name: faux quinquéliba (Français)

Reference HA 29
Author: X
Title: AFLORA on the Web (http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Symptoms: H(000)
Recipes: H(000) childs, he leaves are used as medicine for infant deiseases. The leaves are boiled without smashed and applied to the whole body.
Region: West Africa
Country: Popular republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo), around the Moumpoutou village, along the Ibenga river, Dedongou district, Likoula region
Vernacular name: kenkelibo (Envelle) (Aka)

Reference HA 33a
Author: Asase, A., A.A. Oteng-Yeboah, G.T. Odamtten & M.S.J. Simmonds
Title: Ethnobotanical study of some Ghanaian anti-malarial plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 99, pp. 273 - 279 ( 2005)
Symptoms: H(051), H(078)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, boil leaves of Senna occidentalis with leaves of Mangifera indica and Carica papaya. Drink and bath decoction
H(078), boil whole plant and extract drunk to reduce swelling
Region: West Africa
Country: Ghana (Wechiau region)
Vernacular name: bontore (Lobi)

Reference HA 35
Author: Adamu Harami M. , O.J. Abayeh, M.O. Agho, A.L. Abdullahi, A. Uba, H.U. Dukku & and B.M. WufemTesfaye Kebede, Kelbessa Urga, Kidist Yersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta GutaYersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta Guta
Title: An ethnobotanical survey of Bauchi State herbal plants and their antimicrobial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Volume 97, pp. 421-427 ( 2005)
Symptoms: H(014)
Recipes: H(014) ringworm, seeds, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Bauchi state)
Vernacular name: bauzanfari

Reference HA 40
Author: Agyare, C. , A. Asase, M. Lechtenberg, M. Niehues, A. Deters, A. Hensl
Title: An Ethnopharmacological survey and in vitro confirmation of ethnopharmacological use of medicinal plants used for wound healing in Gosomtwi-Atwima-Kwanwoma area, Ghana Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 125, pp. 393- 403, (2009)
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104) new, stomach ulcer/sore, decoction of leaves of Cassia occidentalis
Region: West Africa
Country: Ghana (district of Gosomtwi-Atwima-Kwanwoma)
Vernacular name: mofraborodee (Asante-Twi)

Reference HA 41
Author: Aubreville, A.
Title: Flore forestière Soudano-guinéenne (A.O.F - Cameroun - A.E.F) Office Recherche Scientifique d'Outre-Mer, 523 p, (1950) Soc. Edit. Maritim. Col., Paris
Symptoms: H(003), H(007), H(018), H(051), H(082), H(104),
Recipes: H(003) contusion or bruise, haematoma, , H(018) sick headache, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, compresses
H(007) diuretic, leaves, RNS.
H(051) paludism, H(082) nervous asthma, H(104) stomach pain, coffe from roasted seeds, VO.
H(051) fever, seeds, RNS.
H(051) fever, roots en decoction ou infusion, VO.
Region: West Africa, Central Africa
Country: (A.O.F - A.E.F)
Vernacular name: bentamare, adiana (Ouolof), alia nao balambala (Bambara), tasbati, tchambali (Peuhl), rai dore (Haoussa), sang sanga (Sonraï

Reference HA 42
Author: Arkinstall, W.
Title: Medicinal and useful plants collected in the Manianga district of the Republic of Zaïre Revue de recherche scientifique. Spécial Médecine traditionnelle au Zaïre, Volume unique , pp135 - 158 (1979) Presses de l' Institut de Recherche Scientifique
Symptoms: H(068), H(104)
Recipes: H(068), H(104), ONS. of Cassia occidentalis.used to treat abdominal pain and intestinal worms, RNS
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name: fula (Kikongo)

Reference HA 46
Author: Asase, A., G. A. Akwetey, D. G. Achel
Title: Ethnopharmacological use of herbal remedies for the treatment of malaria in the Dangme West District of Ghana Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 129, pp. 367- 376, (2010)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 3) paludism, dry seeds of Senna occidentalis, grind and boil about two teaspoonfuls in half a litre of water for 5minutes and drink infusions twice daily until recovered.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ghana (Dangme West District)
Vernacular name: nkorda brodia (Adangbe)

Reference HB 01
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Guérisseurs et plantes médicinales de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgique.Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 18, 214 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(007), H(020), H(068), H(091), H(201)
Recipes: H(007), decoction (H2O) roots of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(020) to remove a snake, carbonisation of leaves of Cassia, RNS
H(068) decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia, enema
H(068) decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(068) powder leaves of Cassia to dilute, VO.
H(068), leaves, decoction (H2O) of Bidens grantii of Cassia occidentalis VO.
H(068), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Vernonia amygdalina, enema
H(068), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia occidentalis, of Vernonia amygdalina, VO.
H(068), decoction (H2O) leaves Cassia occidentalis, roots of Vernonia karaguensis, enema
H(068), decoction (H2O) leaves Cassia occidentalis of Clausena anisata of Crassocephalum manii, enema
H(068), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Clausena anisata, enema
H(068), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Hypericum revolutum, leaves and barks stem, branch, trunk Clausena anisata, VO.
H(068), decoction (H2O) leaves Cassia occidentalis of Clausena anisata, of Erlangea cordifolia, of Tragia brevipes, VO.
H(091) rachitis, decoction (H2O) leaves Cassia occidentalis, leaves and roots Clematis simensis, leaves of Erlangea cordifolia, stems with leaves Ranunculus multifidus, leaves Zehneria scabra, enema
H(201), psychosis bad spirits, infusion of leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Salvia nilotica of Trema orientalis of Xymalos monospora, stems with leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Drymaria cordata of Oxalis corniculata, VO.
H(201) to seduce woman, carbonisation of leaves of Cassia, RNS
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umuyokayoka (Kirundi)

Reference HB 02
Author: Boiteau, P.
Title: Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée.Précis de matière médicale malgache. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris 141 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(048), H(091),
Recipes: H(006, 2), folioles of Cassia occidentalis, decoction, VO..
H(006) purg. + H(048), leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Ocimum canum, barks stem, branch, trunk of Scutia myrtina, whole plant of Coelocarpum madagascariensis, rhizome of Curcuma longa, decoction, VO.
H(007), stem with flowers of Cassia, decoction, VO.
H(091), folioles of Cassia occidentalis, barks stem, branch, trunk of Euodia chapelieri, whole plant Conyza lineariloba of Nasturtium officinale, stem with leavess Helichrysum gymnocephalum, somités fleuries of Hypericum japonicum, infusion, VO.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: ambirondolo, bemaimbo, tsorokonangatra

Reference HB 04
Author: Bouquet, A. & M. Debray
Title: Plantes médicinales de la Côte d'Ivoire. Travaux et Documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, n° 32, 232 p., (1974)
Symptoms: H(051), H(068), H(113), H(126)
Recipes: H(051), H(068), H(113), H(126), ONS of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast
Vernacular name: adamadouba, kandabalomba (Ashanti), bagalé (Shien), katabi alouba (Ebrie), matamakankanmanda (Baoule), zimélé dindin, ziribidindin (Gouro)

Reference HB 05
Author: Bouquet, A.
Title: Féticheurs et médecines traditionnelles du Congo (Brazzaville). Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M., 36, 282 p., (1969) http://www.docstoc.com/docs/41737230/Ficheurs-et-mecines-traditionn
Symptoms: H(006), H(014), H(020), H(026), H(031), H(038), H(051), H(104), H(126)
Recipes: H(006), tubercle of Ipomoea batatas, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, barks stem, branch, trunk Bridelia ferruginea, infusion, VO.
H(038), barks stem, branch, trunk of Ficus exasperata, ONS. of Cassia occidentalis, ONS. Setaria chevalieri, decoction, VO.
H(051) child, ONS. of Acanthospermum hispidum of Chenopodium ambrosioides of Ocimum sp. of Hyptis suaveolens of Sesamum indicum of Aframomum sp. of Cassia occidentalis, bath
H(068) ascaris, leaves pounded + H2O, to filter, VO.
H(014), H(026), H(031), H(038), H(051), H(104), H(113) rhumatism, H(126), Cassia occidentalis, ONS., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Popular republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name: nkia tsumu (Téké), munkasa ntari (Tié), onwara tshulu (Yaa), mutsu-ntsundi, ntsu-ntsudi (Laadi), buyili buesi, nkese-ntari (Beembe), onwazra, lesendzo, esendzo (Mbôsi)posoà yandzo, leposo yandzo (Kôyô), elumbatsolo (Bôngili), buluwatadi (Sanga), niasi (Songo), sango (Bondjo)

Reference HB 18
Author: Boury, N.J.
Title: Végétaux utilisés dans la médecine africaine dans la région de Richard-Toll (Sénégal).dans: Adam, J., Les plantes utiles en Afrique occidentale. Notes Africaines, 93, 14 - 16 (1962)
Symptoms: H(018), H(111)
Recipes: H(018), fresh leaves, head ache, local application
H(111), fresh leaves, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (Richard-Toll region)
Vernacular name: m'bentamare

Reference HB 21
Author: Boulesteix, M. & S. Guinko
Title: Plantes médicinales utilisées par les Gbayas dans la région de Bouar (Empire Centrafricain). Quatrième colloque du Conseil africain de Malgache pour l'enseignement supérieur (C.A.M.E.S.), Libreville, Gabon, 23 - 52, (1979)
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(020), H(106), H(082)
Recipes: H(006) purg., H(007) diur., H(020) snake + H(106), H(082) asthma, ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic (ex Central african empire)
Vernacular name: ouagok (Gbaya dialecte Bossangoa)

Reference HB 22
Author: Bilo, H. & C. Bilo - Groen
Title: Herbalism in Seychelles. Curare, Sonderband, 3, 393 - 402, (1985)
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, leaves, infusion, VO.
Region: Seychelles
Country: Seychelles
Vernacular name: casse puante (local)

Reference HB 23
Author: Bagula, B., N. Bavukinina, B.Mbembe, M. Kaleba, K. Konda, L. Dumu, B. Kelela, N. Boleli, K. Mamba, M. Mboyo & T. Bilomba
Title: La phytothérapie traditionnelle de la gastrite dans la province de l'Equateur (République Démocratique du Congo). Ethnopharmacologia, 26, 23 - 30, (2000) Bulletin de la société française d'ethnopharmacologie et de la société européenne d'ethnopharmacologie
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104) gastritis, leaves, decoction (H2O), 3X 1 glass / day
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (province of Equator)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HB 25M
Author: Bossard, E.
Title: La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms: H(202)
Recipes: H(202) femal, hygienic dressing, hot leaves of Cassia occidentalis, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola
Vernacular name: no informations

Reference HB 26M
Author: Bonnefoux, Benedicto Marius (R.P.)
Title: Plantes médicinales du Hufla. Manuscrits n° 1 et n°2 (Congrégation do Espirito Santo), 1885-1937. Registrated by Bossard, E. in ref. HB 25M
Symptoms: H(004), H(018), H(020), H(038), H(051), H(068), H(078), H(126)
Recipes: H(001) yeux, sap of leaves and drops in ears
H(004) wound , pouded plant, local application
H(018), cephalgy, leucorrhea, leaves infusion
H(020) snake, placement in the local or fumigation of the plant drive away the snakes
H(038) cystitis, roots decoction , VO
H(051) paludism, roasted seeds, coffe, VO.
H(068) helminthiasis, constipation, roots and leaves infusion, VO.
H(078) cancer prostate, roots decoction, VO.
H(126) hepatitis, icterus, decoction of joung trunk or seeds infusion
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola (regions of Hufla, Vila Arriaga)
Vernacular name: (omu) ipanyoka, (omu) ipan-nyoka (Nyaneka)

Reference HB 27
Author: Ben Saï, S.
Title: Médecine indigène et plantes médicinales au Soudan. Notes Africaines, 21, 6 - 8, (1944)
Symptoms: H(007), H(112)
Recipes: H(007) diur, H(112), leaves, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Sudan
Vernacular name: souma kala (Bambara), kasse (Malinke, Kasombe), mama kasse (Sominke)

Reference HB 28
Author: Banderembako Fabien & Ntitangirageza Térence
Title: La médecine populaire au Burundi : quelques plantes médicinales.
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104) belly pains, leaves preparation from the bark of Senecio mannii preparation from the bark of Cassia occidentalis preparation from the bark of Clausena anisata, decoction, the cold liquid, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi
Vernacular name: umuyokayoka (Kirundi)

Reference HB 2k
Author: Bebawi, F. F. & L. Neugebohrn
Title: A review of plants of Northern Sudan with special reference to their Uses. Published by: Deutsche Gesellschaft für technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Postfach 5180, D-6236 Eschborn, Federal Republic of Germany, 296 p., (1991) Distributed by: D-6101 Rossdorf, Federal Republic of Germany.
Symptoms: H(004), H(007), H(014), H(102)
Recipes: H(004), pounded leaves for healing fresh wounds, the seeds in H(014) ring-worm and the root as H(007) diuretic; an infusion of the leaves is considered useful in H(102) bilious fevers
Region: East Africa
Country: Sudan
Vernacular name: sim eI dabib.

Reference HB 33
Author: Bhat, R.B., E.O. Etejere, V.T. Oladipo
Title: Ethnobotanical studies fron central Nigeria. Economic Botany, 44 (3), pp. 382-390, (1990)
Symptoms: H(001), H(006), H(027z), H(175)
Recipes: Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Cassia occidentali in the morning or the evening
H(001), H(007) any part of the plant can also be used as a lotion for ophthalmia and as a diuretic.
H(006, f) as a laxative: A handful of the dried leaves is ground into powder, mixed with pap, and taken orally
H(027z) to stop bleeding during pregnancy: The leaves of Cassia occidentalis together with those of Sida cordifolia and Crassocephalum rubens are ground, in equal proportions, in water; table salt is added; the filtrate of the mixture is collected in bottles. Dosage: A tablespoonful three times daily.
H(175, f) the ground fresh leaves are also applied as poultice to induce extrusion of Guinea worm.
Region: West Africa
Country: Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name: rere (Yoruba, raildore (Hausa, akedeagbora, ikpammuo (Ibo)

Reference HB 37M
Author: Bossard, E.
Title: Quelques notes sur l'alimentation et les apports nutritionnels occultes en Angola. Garcia de Orta, Sér. Bot., Lisboa, 13 (1), 7 - 41 (1996)
Symptoms: H(095)
Recipes: H(095) occasional food complement, (seeds (drink) of Senna occidentalis
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola (regions of Planalto and littoral))
Vernacular name: kimbulu-kunde (Kimbundu), (omu)ipanyoka (Nyaneka), fedegoso (Portuguese)

Reference HB 3k
Author: Bost, R.
Title: Pharmacopée malgache. Mémoire de l'Institut scientifique de Madagascar, série B, Tome 10, Fasc. 2, 159 - 234, (1961)
Symptoms: H(051), H(091), H(139)
Recipes: H(051), stems, leaves, decoction (H2O), infusion (senatridolo)
H(091), leaves, roots, decoction (H2O), RNS.
H(139), anaphrodisiac, stems, leaves, decoction (H2O), RNS.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: tsotsorimangatra, senatridolo

Reference HB 5k
Author: Batalha, M. M. & D. S.Van-Dunen
Title: Etat d'avancement de la recherche sur la médecine et la pharmacopée traditionnelles dans la République Populaire d'Angola, 197 - 203, (1979) Quatrième symposium inter-africain OUA / CSTR sur la Pharmacopée traditionnelle et les plantes médicinales africaines.(Le Abidgan-Côte d'Ivoire, 25-29 septembre 1979) Rapport et recommandations, Lagos, OUA / CSTR, P. M. B. 2359, Lagos, Nigeria.Cairo, University Press, 744 p. (1983)
Symptoms: H(001), H(004), H(014), H(020), H(038), H(051), H(126)
Recipes: H(001), leaves, sap, drops in eyes
H(004), H(014), leaves, crushed, infusion or seeds powder ,RNS H(020)ophidien, roots grinded, infusion ,RNS H(038), leaves, grinded, decoction (H2O), RNS.
H(051), seeds, infusion , RNS H(070)dog, leaves, infusion, RNS.
H(126), stems, decoction (H2O), or infusion
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola
Vernacular name: madia-nhoka (Kimkundu)

Reference HB 5k
Author: Batalha, M. M. & D. S.Van-Dunen
Title: Etat d'avancement de la recherche sur la médecine et la pharmacopée traditionnelles dans la République Populaire d'Angola, 197 - 203, (1979) Quatrième symposium inter-africain OUA / CSTR sur la Pharmacopée traditionnelle et les plantes médicinales africaines.(Le Abidgan-Côte d'Ivoire, 25-29 septembre 1979) Rapport et recommandations, Lagos, OUA / CSTR, P. M. B. 2359, Lagos, Nigeria.Cairo, University Press, 744 p. (1983)
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(027y), H(051), H(068), H(100), H(157)
Recipes: H(006), plant, RNS.
H(007), roots, infusions ,RNS.
H(027y), dressing vagina, hot leaves, RNS.
H(051) paludism, roots, decoc,RNS.
H(068)small intestinal worms, roots,RNS.
H(100) blen., leaves infusion ,RNS.
H(157) child, roots, (chokwe receipt), RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola (provinces of Malange and the Kwanza-North)
Vernacular name: madia-nhoka (Kimkundu)

Reference HC 13a
Author: Chhabra, S.C., R.L.A. Mahunnah & E.N. Mshiu
Title: Plants used in traditional medicine in Eastern Tanzania.I. Pteridophytes and Angiosperms (Acanthaceae to Canellaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 21, pp. 253 - 277, (1987)
Symptoms: H(006), H(008), H(018), H(099), H(104)
Recipes: H(006), H(008), H(018), H(099) epilepsy, H(104), roots, decoction (H2O), V.O.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (East)
Vernacular name: kundekunde (Swahili, Zaramo)

Reference HC 18
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Antivenomous plants used in the Zairean pharmacopoeia. African Study Monographs, 7 : 21 -35, March 1987
Symptoms: H(020)
Recipes: H(020) snake, maceration of fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO. (cicatrizing effect, anti-inflammatory-necrosis-oedema again Dendroaspis type snake)
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Lwiro)
Vernacular name: mwengajini (Kiswahili), mushegemanjoka (Mashi), umuyoka, kisogera (KinyarWanda), matsambisambi (Kikongo).

Reference HD 03
Author: Descoings, B.
Title: Essai d'inventaire préliminaire des plantes médicinales d'Afrique Equatoriale. Bull. Inst. Rech. Sc. au Congo, Vol. 2, 7 - 24, (1963) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(037), H(038), H(051), H(201)
Recipes: H(037), infusion of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(038), decoction (H2O) of roots of Cassia, VO.
H(051), leaves pounded of Cassia en infusion, bath
H(051), infusion of roots of Cassia, VO.
H(201) psychosis, juice leaves Cassia, frictions
Region: West Africa
Country: Popular republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HD 07
Author: Durand, J.M.
Title: Les plantes bienfaisantes du Ruanda et de l'Urundi. Astrida, Groupe scolaire, 89 p., (1960)
Symptoms: V(134)
Recipes: V(134) killing snakes, crush the plant of Cassia occidentalis (umuyoka) + milk of sheep, put in the hole of the snake
Region: Central Africa
Country: Rwanda
Vernacular name: umwicanzoka, umwica-nzoka, umuyoka (Kinyarwanda)

Reference HD 07
Author: Durand, J.M.
Title: Les plantes bienfaisantes du Ruanda et de l'Urundi. Astrida, Groupe scolaire, 89 p., (1960)
Symptoms: H(050), H(068), H(134)
Recipes: H(050) rumbling in the belly (kirungurira), leaves of Cassia occidentalis (umunyoka) wrap with a green leaf of banana tree and put in hot ashes, Squeeze out the juice. VO. weaned child 2 tablespoons morning and evening
H(068) worms (inzoka), purgative, lower bark and crushed leaves + H2O, squeeze out the juice and heat. Allow to cool, VO. 1 tablespoon
H(134) killing snakes, crush the plant of Cassia occidentalis (umuyoka) + milk of sheep, put in the hole of the snake
Region: Central Africa
Country: Rwanda
Vernacular name: umwicanzoka, umwica-nzoka, umuyoka (Kinyarwanda)

Reference HD 09
Author: Debray, M., H. Jacquemin & R.Razafindrambao
Title: Contribution à l'inventaire des plantes médicinales de Madagascar. Travaux et documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., n°8, 150 p., (1971)
Symptoms: H(007), H(051)
Recipes: H(007) diur., leaves, decoction (H2O), RNS.
H(051) paludism, roots, decoction (H2O), RNS.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar (East coast)
Vernacular name: voantsiroky nimaro, intsakitsana (Betsim)

Reference HD 09
Author: Debray, M., H. Jacquemin & R.Razafindrambao
Title: Contribution à l'inventaire des plantes médicinales de Madagascar. Travaux et documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., n°8, 150 p., (1971)
Symptoms: H(051), H(077), H(100), H(104), H(113), H(126), H(151)
Recipes: H(051) paludism-child, roots, infusion, VO.
H(077), roots, infusion, VO.
H(100) blen., ONS., Cassia occidentalis , Helichrysum faradifani (ahibalala), Clematis mauritiana (farimaty), Phyllarthron madagascariensis, decoction (H2O)
H(104)estonac-baby, roots, infusion, VO.
H(113)rhumat, leaves, infusion, VO.
H(126)jaundisse as vegetable in rice
H(151), leaves, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar (high table-land plateau)
Vernacular name: tsatsinangatra, tsotsorinangatra

Reference HD 11
Author: Dhetchuvi, M.- M. & J. Lejoly
Title: Contribution à la connaissance des plantes médicinales du Nord-Est du Zaïre. Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg, 23 b, 991 - 1006, (1990)
Symptoms: H(006), H(008), H(104)
Recipes: H(006) + H(104) gastro-enteritis, H(008) + H(104) colit, colic, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HD 15
Author: Diafouka, A. J. P.
Title: Analyse des usages des plantes médicinales dans 4 régions de Congo-Brazzaville. Thèse de doctorat, Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Botanique Systématique et de Phytosociologie, 431 p., (1997)
Symptoms: H(006), H(008) + H(104), H(014), H(037), H(045), H(051), H(054), H(100), H(100x), H(103), H(104), H(113), H(126), H(127)
Recipes: H(006) whole plant, decoction (H2O), VO. , morning and evening ; childs, 1 coffee spoon ; adults, 100 ml.
H(008) + H(104) gastric ulcer, pounded seeds of Senna., decoction (1 l. H2O), to filter, VO., 200 ml., morning and evening during 5 days
H(014, 4) dermatosiss, leaves of Senna., to pound, local application in friction
H(037) cough, leaves of Lantana camara of Annona senegalensis of Citrus aurantifolia of Persea americana of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H2O), 3 S / day ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 100 ml.
H(037), roots of Senna occidentalis of Cymbopogon citratus, decoction (H2O) + sugar, VO., 3 X / day ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 100 ml.
H(045) antiseptic urinary canal, roots of Carica papaya of Elaeis guineensis of Senna occdentalis, decoction (H2O), VO., 100 ml., morning and evening
H(051) fever, paludism, roots of Lantana camara of Senna occidentalis, roots and leaves of Carica papaya, decoction (H2O), couvrir le récipient with the leaves of Musa sapientum, steam bath
H(051, 5) fever, paludism, leaves of Lantana camara, roots + leaves of Carica papaya, roots of Cymbopogon citratus of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H2O), VO., 2 X / day ; childs, 2 coffee spoons ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051) fever, paludism, roots of Annona senegalensis, leaves and fruits of Citrus aurantifolia, leaves and roots of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H2O), VO., 3 X / day ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051) fever, paludism, leaves of Senna occidentalis of Carica papaya of Annona senegalensis, decoction (H2O), VO. 2 X / day; childs , 50 ml ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051) fever, paludism, roots of Cassia., decoction (H2O), VO. 3 X / day ; childs, 1 coffee spoon ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051) fever, paludism, leaves of Senna occidentalis of Carica papaya of Mangifera indica of Persea americana, roots of Citrus aurantifolia, decoction (H20), VO. ; childs, 1 coffee spoon ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051) fever, paludism, leaves of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H20), VO., 3 X / day ; childs, 25 ml. ; adults, 100 ml. + pounded leaves in friction
H(051) fever, paludism, leaves of Carica papaya of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H20), VO., 200 ml. / day
H(051) fever, paludism, roots of Nauclea latifolia and of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H2O), VO., 3 X / day ; childs, 100 ml. ; adults, 200 ml
H(051, 16), fever, paludism, leaves of Carica papaya, roots of Senna occidentalis of Cymbopogon citratus, decoction (H2O), VO., 2 X / day ; childs, 1 coffee spoon ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051) fever, paludism, leaves of Carica papaya, fruits sectionnés of Citrus aurantifolia, roots of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H2O), VO. 2 X / day ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051) fever, paludism, leaves of Carica papaya, roots of Senna occidentalis of Cymbopogon citratus, decoction H20), VO. 3 X / day ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 100 ml.
H(051, 6) fever, paludism, roots of Senna occidentalis, fruits of Citrus aurantifolia, leaves of Cymbopogon citratus, decoction (H2O), VO. 50 ml, 2 X / day (to eat before)
H(051, 4) fever, paludism, roots of Senna occidentalis, bulb of Allium cepa of Allium sativum, fruits of Citrus aurantifolia, decoction (H2O), VO., 2 X / day ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 100 ml.
H(054), roots of Elaeis guineensis of Senna occidentalis, decoction (1,5 l. H2O), VO., 200 ml., 4 X / day, until recovery
H(100, 5) gono., roots of Senna occidentalis, barks of Mangifera indica, decoction (H2O), VO. 200 ml., 2 X / day
H(100x) roots of Cassia occidentalis, plantes entières of Paspaludismm orbiculare of ??? "imamak", decoction (H2O), VO. 200 ml?, 3 X / day
H(100x) roots of Cassia occidentalis of Carica papaya of Elaeis guineensis, decoction (H2O), VO. 100 ml., 2 X / day
H(100x) roots of Cassia., decoction (H2O), VO. 200 ml., 3 X / day
H(100x), barks of Mangifera indica, stems of Costus afer, roots of Senna occidentalis, whole plant of Paspaludismm orbiculare, decoction (H2O), VO., 200 ml., more than 3 X / day
H(100x), stems pounded of Senna occidentalis, roots of Ocimum gratissimum, decoction (H2O), VO., 100 ml., 2 X / day
H(103) string ligament of the baby tongue, juice of leaves of Senna occidentalis of Abrus precatorius, 3 drops on the tongue, 3 X / day
H(104), leaves of Persea americana of Dacryodes edulis, leaves and roots of Senna occidentalis, decoction (H2O), VO. 100 ml., 3 X / day
H(113), grinded leaves of Bidens pilosa of Manihot esculenta of Senna occidentalis, barks of Erythrophleum ivorense of Mangifera indica,; decoction 5 to 10 l. H2O), to wash the body
H(126), roots of Cassia., decoction (H2O), VO. 200 ml., 3 X / day
H(126, 6), roots of Cassia., decoction (1 l. H2O), VO., 200 ml. fresh decoction
H(126, 2), roots of Cassia., decoction (1 l. H2O), VO., 2 X / day, fresh decoction ; childs, 50 ml. ; adults, 150 ml.
H(127), roots of Senna occidentalis of Carica papaya of Senna alata of Nauclea latifolia, decoction in du palm wine, VO. 200 ml., morning and evening
Region: Central Africa
Country: Congo-Brazzaville
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HD 21
Author: de Wet, H. , M.N. Nkwanyana, S.F. van Vuuren
Title: Medicinal plants used for the treatment of diarrhoea in northern Maputaland, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa Journal of Ethnopharmacology, volume 130, pp. 284–289, (2010)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, roots of Senna occidentalis are crushed and mixed with cold water. The infusion (60 ml) is drunk twice a day, until diarrhoea subsides
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (northen Maputaland, KwaZulu-Natal Province)
Vernacular name: ikhoshokhosho

Reference HD 24
Author: Doka, I.G and S. M. Yagi
Title: Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants in West Kordofan (Western Sudan) Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 1409-1416. (2009) http://ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/dokayagi.htm
Symptoms: H(100), H(104), H(171)
Recipes: H(104) intestinal ulcer, H(171) diabete, decoction of seeds of Senna occidentalis
H(100) gonorrhoea, roots decoction, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Sudan (West Kordofan)
Vernacular name: bun balash

Reference HD 28
Author: Debray, M.
Title: Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles à Madagascar Etudes Médicales, n° 4, pp. 69 - 85, mars 1975 http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/doc34-08/21760.pdf
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) gonorrhea , ONS. of Dianella ensifolia, Cassia occidentalis, Phyllarthron madagascariense, Clematis mauritiana, Helichrysum sp., etc), RNS.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: not signalized by the author

Reference HE 12
Author: El-Kamali, H. H.
Title: Ethnopharmacology of Medicinal Plants used in North Kordofan (Western Sudan) Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 89-97. 2009. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/sudan.htm
Symptoms: H(109)
Recipes: H(109, 53,6 %) backache, as an antihypertensive, decoction of roasted seeds of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name: soreib

Reference HF 01
Author: Fernandez de la Pradilla, C.
Title: Des plantes qui nous ont guéris. Jeunesse d'Afrique, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso,Tome 1, 208 p., (1981), Tome 2, 101 p., (1985) Plantes médicinales contre les hépatites. Pabre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 62 p., (1988)
Symptoms: H(051), H(126), H(160)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, stem with leaves of Cassia occidentalis, leaves of Cassia sieberiana , decoction, enema, steam bath
H(051), stem with leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Eucalyptus sp., leaves of Carica papaya , decoction, to wash
H(126), juice leaves délayé of Carica papaya, juice of stems with leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(126), stems with leaves of Cassia occidentalis triturée, juice unripe fruit of Citrus aurantifolia, ripe fruit of Capsicum frutescens, maceration, VO.
H(160), leaves pounded of Cassia occidentalis + potash, friction
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HG 08
Author: Gillet, J. & E. Paque
Title: Plantes principales de la région de Kisantu. Annales du Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren (Belgique). Série 5, 4, 1, 120p. (1910)
Symptoms: H(007), H(015)
Recipes: H(007) diur. + H(015)hematuria, ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (ex. Belgian Congo) (Kisantu region)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HG 09
Author: Gessler, M.C., D.E. Msuya, M.H.H. Nkunya, L.B. Mwasumbi, A. Schär, M. Heinrich & M. Tanner
Title: Traditional healers in Tanzania: the treatment of malaria with plant remedies Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 48, pp. 131 - 144, (1995)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, leaves, infusion, VO., to diminish the fever
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania
Vernacular name: mwitanzoka

Reference HG 10
Author: Gill, L.S. & C. Akinwumi
Title: Nigerian folk medicine practices and beliefs of the Ondo people. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 18, pp. 257 - 266, (1986)
Symptoms: H(001), H(005), H(006), H(027y), H(034), H(068), H(100), H(104), H(108), H(157)
Recipes: H(001), H(005), H(006), H(027y)H(034, 2), H(068), H(100) gono., H(104), H(108), H(157), roots, seeds, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Ondo people)
Vernacular name: asuwon (Ondo)

Reference HG 14
Author: Goossens, V.
Title: Catalogue des plantes du jardin botanique d'Eala (Congo Belge) Ministère des colonies, direction de l'agriculture, V. Goossens Bruxelles: Imprimerie industrielle et financière, 179 p., (1924)
Symptoms: H(015), H(095)
Recipes: H(015), seeds, leaves, roots, RNS.
H(095), roasted seeds, substitute of coffee
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (ex. Belgian Congo) (Mongo region)
Vernacular name: café nègre, bois puant

Reference HG 17
Author: Geissler, W., S. A. Harris, R. J. Prince, A. Olsen, R. A. Odhiambo, H. Oketch-Rabah, P. A. Madiega, A. Andersen, P. Molgaard
Title: Medicinal plants used by Luo mothers and children in Bondo district, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 83, pp. 39 - 54 (2002)
Symptoms: H(008), H(104)
Recipes: H(008), H(104) orianyacha (diarrhoea, stomach ache), leaves and roots of Senna occidentalis, decoction, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya Bondo district)
Vernacular name: oinglatiang (Luo)

Reference HG 19
Author: Giday, M.
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. CBM:s Skriftserie 3, pp. 81 - 99, Uppsala 2001
Symptoms: H(106)
Recipes: H(106) the snakes, leaves of Senna occidentalis
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Zay people; Islands of lake Ziway)
Vernacular name: not registrated by the author

Reference HG 20
Author: Gurib-Fakim, Ameenah, Joseph Guého
Title: Plantes médicinales de l'île Rodrigues Stanley, Rose-Hill. Editions de l'océan indien - Université de Maurice (Réduit) , 580 p. (1994) (ISBN 99903-0-171-9)
Symptoms: H(006), H(051), H(068), H(104)
Recipes: H(006) constipation, H(068) worms, decoction of leaves of Senna occidentalis, VO.
H(006) constipation, H(068) vermifuge, juice of roots, VO.
H(051) fever, H(104) stomach pain, infusion of roots of Senna occidentalis, VO.
Region: Mauritius
Country: Rodrigues Island
Vernacular name: casse puante

Reference HG 27
Author: N' guessan, F.H. Tra Bi, M.W. Koné
Title: Etude ethnopharmacologique des plantes antipaludiques utilisées en médecine traditionnelle chez les Abbey et Krobou d'Agboville (Côte d'Ivoire). Ethnopharmacologia, n°44, december 2009
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, fruit decoction of Ananas comosus of Citrus aurantiifolia, flowers of Carica papaya, leaves of Senna occidentalis, roots of Cocos nucifera, VO.

H(051) paludism, leaves of Senna alata of Senna occidentalis, crushed roots barks of Enantia polycarpa + H2O, washed, steam bath, purgative
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast
Vernacular name: not registered by the authors

Reference HG 57
Author: N' guessan K., É. Kouassi Konan & K. Kouadio Kouassi
Title: Ethnobotanical Study of Plants Used to Treat Diabetes, in Traditional Medicine, by Abbey and Krobou People of Agboville (Côte-d’Ivoire) American Journal of Scientific Research ISSN 1450-223X Issue 4, pp 45-58 (2009)
Symptoms: H(171)
Recipes: H(171) diabetes, decoction of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Agboville)
Vernacular name: not registered bu the authors

Reference HH 04
Author: Hodouto, K. - K.
Title: Etude chimique des plantes à flavonoides du Togo. Bull. Méd. Trad. et Pharm.,Vol. 4, n° 1, 31 - 48, (1990)
Symptoms: H(102), H(126)
Recipes: H(102) + H(126), roots and leaves, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HH 05
Author: Hulstaert, G.
Title: Notes de Botanique Mongo. Acad. Roy. des Sc. d'Outre- Mer, Classe des Sc. Nat. & Méd., N.S. XV-3, 212 p., (1966)
Symptoms: H(014), H(104)
Recipes: H(014), leaves pounded of Cassia occidentalis, frictions
H(104), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia, enema
H(104) juice leaves of Cassia, frictions
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Mongo people)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HH 10
Author: Hussain, H.S.N. & Y.Y. Karatela
Title: Traditional medicinal plants used by Hausa tribe of Kano State of Nigeria. Int. J; Crude Drug Res., 27, 4, 211-216, (1989)
Symptoms: H(008), H(113), H(178)
Recipes: H(008), roots, decoction (H2O) + potash
H(113), leaves, pounded, cataplasm
H(178), seeds, infusion, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Kano)
Vernacular name: raidora (Hausa)

Reference HH 11
Author: Haxaire Claudie (Pharmacienne)
Title: Phytothérapie et Médecine Familiale chez les Gbaya-Kara (République Centrafricaine) Thèse de doctorat, Université de Paris, Fac. Pharmacie., 320 p., (1979)
Symptoms: H(001), H(018), H(038), H(097x), H(104), H(135)
Recipes: H(001) Conjunctivitis with scarifications (remedy with strong symbolic connotation), leaves, decoction, bath + instillation of juice of crushed leaves of Ritchica duchesnei and scrapped roots of Boerhavia diffusa
H(018), drops in eyes from extract of leaves of a partial mixing of Aframomum cuspidatum, Aspilia africana , Cussonia arborea , Cymbopogon giganteus, Solanum lycopersicum , barks of Swartzia madagascariensis , roots of Cassia occidentalis
H(038) urethra, VO. decoction young stems of a partial mixing of Cassia occidentalis, Indigofera spicata , Merremia sp, Mostuea brunomis, Vernonia sp., Ximenia americana , roots, Combretum racemosum
H(097x), VO., ONS., RNS. of a partial mixing of Aframomum latifolium, Cassia occidentalis, Cyphostemma adenocaule, Desmodium adscendens , Dissotis perkinsiae, Ficus capensis, Hymenocardia acida , Imperata cylindrica, Landolphia owariensis, Landolphia sp., Pseudarthria hookeri , Triumfetta cordifolia, Ximenia americana
H(104) trouble of womb, VO., roots decoction of a partial mixing of Annona senegalensis , Cassia occidentalis, Parinari pinnata, Mostuea brunomis
H(135), indigestion from damaged food, ONS., RNS., VO. of a partial mixing of Allium cepa , Cassia occidentalis, Terminalia laxiflora , Vernonia sp.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic
Vernacular name: Indicated by the author in phonetic note. not transposable

Reference HH 4k
Author: Heine, B. & I. Heine
Title: Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 1: Plants of the Chamus (Kenya).104 p., Band 6, (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, fever, paludism (1- bQil ruot, dI.ink with soup or water, usually mixed l with l-em6ny (Rhamnus staddo).
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Chamu)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HH 8k
Author: Hirt, H. M. & M. Bindanda
Title: La médecine naturelle en Afrique.Comment se soigner par les plantes tropicales. Editions Centre de vulgarisation agricole, B.P. 4008, Kinshasa 2, République du Zaïre, 144 p., (1993)
Symptoms: H(005), H(006), H(013), H(014), H(068), H(077), H(082), H(094), H(109)
Recipes: H(005), dry leaves or roots, decoction 15', filter, 4 parts , to drink in 1 day
H(006), 10 leaves , maceration or decoction / 1l H2O, VO. before to sleep
H(013) + H(175),1 hand fresh leaves, pounded, paste, dressing on abscessH(014),1 hand dry leaves + 1 l H2O, decoction, to wash
H(068), leaves , decoction, RNS.
H(077), 1 hand dry leaves or roots , decoction 1 l. H20 during 15', filter, VO, 1glass / day
H(082), asthma, dry seeds, powder, 1 soup spoon + 1l. H2O, decoction , VO. as tea
H(094), leaves , decoction (H2O) , VO, 1 / 2 glass for childs, 1 glass adults
H(109), 1 hand dry leaves + palm oil, decoction, filter, friction
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: n' tsambi - tsambi (Kiyaka), m' baumbau (Kikongo, kimbalu, mnuka uvundo, mwingajini (Swahili), nkratali (Teke)

Reference HI 05
Author: Igoli, J.O., O.G. Ogaji, T.A. Tor-Anyiin & N.P. Igoli
Title: Traditional medicine practice amongst the Igede people of Nigeria. Part II. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (2) pp. 134 - 152 (2005) http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?tc05016
Symptoms: H(006), H(104), H(139)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, roots bark of Cassia occidentalis, maceration, VO.
H(104) stomach ache, leaves of Jatropha curcas of Gossypium hirsutum of Cassia occidentalis, decoction, VO.
H(139), leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Ageratum conyzoides of Newbouldia laevis, decoction, VO., 2 X / day
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria Benue state, Igede people)
Vernacular name: ufu ochiri (Igede)

Reference HI 06
Author: Inngjerdingen, K., C. S. Nergard, D. Diallo, P. P. Mounkoro, B. S. Paulsen
Title: An ethnopharmacological survey of plants used for wound healing in Dogonland, Mali, West Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology , Volume 92, pp. 233 - 244 (2004) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104000832
Symptoms: H(004), H(056)
Recipes: H(004), leaves decoction of Senna occidentalis, to wash + leaves powder, local application
H(056) to prevent Guinea-worm (yoro), seeds of fruits, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali (Dogonland)
Vernacular name: guinjimognu, kangalaguno

Reference HJ 02
Author: Johns, T., J.O. Kokwaro & E.K. Kimanani
Title: Herbal remedies of the Luo of Siaya District, Kenya: establishing quantitative criteria for consensus. Economic Botany, 44, 3, 369 - 381, (1990)
Symptoms: H(006), H(104)
Recipes: H(006, 18) constip., leaves or roots, infusion or decoction (H2O), VO.
H(104, 18) stomach, leaves or roots, infusion or decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Luo, district of Siaya)
Vernacular name: nya-vado, ohingla lhieng ( Luo )

Reference HJ 04
Author: Johns, T., G.M. Faubert, J.O. Kokwaro, R.L.A. Mahunnah & E.K. Kimanani
Title: Anti-giardial activity of gastrointestinal remedies of the Luo of East Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 46, pp. 17- 23, (1995)
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104), gastro-intestinal deaseases, stomach pain, diarrhoea, constipation (9% of 134 informators for HJ 04), leaves, roots
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (districts of Tarime, Musona , region of Mara ), Kenya (district of Homa Bay, Migori)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 01
Author: Kerharo, J. & J. G. Adam
Title: La pharmacopée sénégalaise traditionnelle. Plantes médicinales et toxiques. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 1011 p., (1974)
Symptoms: H(001), H(022), H(033), H(038), H(051), H(068), H(100), H(111), H(113), H(126), H(130), H(139), H(170)
Recipes: H(001), H(111), H(113) rhumatism, H(130), whole plant, local application
H(022), leaves of Cassia. , VO.
H(033) femal, underground part écorcée of Cassia occidentalis, macerated, VO.
H(022), H(100), H(033) femal, H(051) paludism, H(068), H(126), H(139) impuissance, whole plant of Cassia, RNS.
H(033) femal, ONS. of Ficus gnaphalocarpa, Cassia occidentalis of Cordyla pinnata of Lannea acida of Kigelia africana deTephrosia purpurea, RNS.
H(038), H(113), ONS. of Cassia occidentalis, ONS. of Salvadora persica of Cocculus pendulus, leaves of Combretum micranthum, VO. + local application
H(051), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(113) rhumatism, pain in the joints, roots of Securinega virosa of Cassia occidentalis of Capparis tomentosa of Anogeissus leicorpa of Waltheria indica of Boscia senegalensis of Mormordica charantia, powder, cooking, VO.
H(139), ripe fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, ONS of Cassia occidentalis, decoction (H2O) , VO.
H(170), decoction (H2O) leaves of Cassia, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 02
Author: Keita, S.M., J.T. Arnason, B.R. Baum, R.Marles, F. Camara, & A.K. Traore
Title: Etude ethnopharmacologique traditionnelle de quelques plantes médicinales anthelmintiques de la République de Guinée. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 9, n° 2, 119 - 134, (1995)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068), roots, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Republic of Guinea
Vernacular name: suluku la bolon (Manika), sinyamma (Pular)

Reference HK 04
Author: Koechlin, J.
Title: Quelques usages de plantes spontanées de la région de Brazzaville. Bull. Inst. Etudes centrafricaines, n° 2, 103 - 109, (1951) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051), seeds roasted of Cassia occidentalis, infusion, VO.
H(051), leaves of Cassia en friction
Region: West Africa
Country: Popular republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 05
Author: Kasuku, W., F. Lula, J. Paulus & R. Simalo
Title: Evaluation de l'action de quelques plantes médicinales sur la croissance de Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 10, n° 1, 41 - 48, (1996)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, ONS, RNS
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (region of Kinshasa)
Vernacular name: kinkeliba (Lingala), mwengia (Swahili), mantsambi nsambi (Kiyombe)

Reference HK 12
Author: Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title: Plantes médicinales et toxiques des Peuls et des Toucouleurs du Sénégal. Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 11, 384 - 444 , 543 - 599, (1964)
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(051), H(115)
Recipes: H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, H(051) fever, H(115) neuralgia, ONS of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
H(051) fever, to lay down the patient on a bed of leaves of Cassia occidentalis and to cover him with sheet
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal
Vernacular name: adama, aldama (Peul, Tocolor)

Reference HK 13
Author: Kokwaro, J.O.
Title: Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms: H(006), H(020), H(051), H(097), H(104), H(179), H(201)
Recipes: H(006), seeds, RNS.
H(020) snake, leaves, RNS.
H(051), leaves, decoction (H2O) , steam bath
H(097), roots, decoction, VO., swollen testicles
H(104)stomac, roots pounded, small particles , maceration, VO. 1 tea spoon every 4 hours (bitter and powerful)
H(179)kidney, leaves, RNS.
H(201), roots, illness from the spirits Kinyamkera
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya, Tanzania
Vernacular name: imindi (Lunyore), inglatiang (Luo, Kenya), mwengajini (Swahili, Kenya), segusse (Sukuma, Tanzania)

Reference HK 19
Author: Kalanda, K. , M. Ataholo & B. Ilumbe
Title: Contribution à la connaissance des plantes médicinales du Haut Zaïre: plantes antihémorroidaires de Kisangani. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 9, n° 1, 51 - 58, (1995)
Symptoms: H(094)
Recipes: H(094), Cassia occidentalis + Luffa cylindrica, poundde leaves, maceration, filter, enema,3X 1 week, RNS
H(094), Cassia occidentalis + Cassia hirsuta , leaves+ rice, grilled, decoction (H2O), enema first day after 1/2 glass 3x / day during 9 days, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (region of Kisangani)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 1k
Author: Kusehuluka, K., A. Lubini & B. Bunga
Title: Plantes médicinales utilisées dans le traitement de la blennorragie et de la syphilis à Kinshasa (Zaïre) Vol. 1, 251-260, (1994) Proceedings of the 13 th plenary meeting of AETFAT, Zomba, Malawi, (2-11 april 1991)Vol.1 and Vol. 2, 1514 p., (1994) Edited by J.H. Seyani & A.C. Chicuni.National herbarium and botanic gardens of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi.
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100, f) syph & blenn, roots or leaves decoction (H2O) or maceration, VO or enema
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 20
Author: Kalanda, K. & W. D. Omasombo
Title: Contribution à la connaissance des plantes médicinales du Haut Zaïre: plantes utilisées dans le traitement des maux d'estomac dans la ville de Kisangani. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 9, n° 1, 59 - 69, (1995)
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104, 6) stomach, 200gr fry seeds + 1 l. H2O, decoction (H2O), VO, 1 glass morning and evening / 1 week , RNS
H(104) stomach, 30 dry leaves + 1 l. H2O, macerationj, VO, 1 glass morning and evening / 8 day
H(104) stomach, dry seeds, pounded, powder, soup spoon in 1 glass H2O / 7 days
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (region of Kisangani)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 22
Author: Kerharo, J. & A. Bouquet
Title: Plantes médicinales et toxiques de la Côte-d'Ivoire - Haute-Volta.Mission d'étude de la pharmacopée indigène en A.O.F. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 300 p., (1950)
Symptoms: H(001), H(005), H(006), H(007), H(037), H(051), H(051x), H(056), H(068), H(100), H(104), H(126), H(173)
Recipes: H(001), Cassia occidentalis seeds, decoction (H2O), drops in eyes in alternation whit the decoction (H2O) of seeds of Cassia absus
H(005) + H(006), H(104) + H(006), H(173) + H(006), leaves Cassia occidentalis, roots, Citrus aurantifolia , Aframomum melegueta, powder + palm wine
H(006), H(007), stems, leaves, decoction (H2O), VO. + friction with residues
H(006) + H(007) + H(126), H(051)jaune + H(007) + H(126), leaves, juice ,drops in eyes
H(051), H(037) + H(051), H(100) + H(007), ONS., , RNS.
H(051x) = ? H(126), ONS., Vernonia nigritiana, Lippia adoensis, Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
H(056) Guinea worms seeds, dough + salt on the opening of the laying of eggs
H(068) bilharziosis, roots of Pycnanthus kombo of Cassia occidentalis seeds of Aframomum melegueta, maceration, VO.
H(126), leaves of Dichapetalum flexuosum, Cassia occidentalis, Hoslundia opposita, pulp, juice, drops in nose
H(173), barks and stems of Diospyros monbuttensis,stems with leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Lippia adoensis, decoction, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso
Vernacular name: herbe puante, café nègre, faux kinkelibah (local French), bambanboukro (Tagouana), pongouolo (Pallaka) , n'kong, kong (Senoufo), ‘baguelé (Bambara), rèye doré (Haoussa), saka saka nobrou, manangbourou (Dioula), dobo-dobo, (bonne femme) (Mossi)

Reference HK 24
Author: Kasuku, W., F. Lula, J. Paulus, N. Ngiefu & Dr. Kaluila
Title: Contribution à l'inventaire des plantes utilisées pour le traitement du paludisme à Kinshasa (R.D.C.). Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 13, 95 - 102, (1999)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, Annona senegalensis, Cassia occidentalis, Caetocarpus africanus, leaves, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(051) paludism, stems, leaves, decoction (H2O), 1 glas / day during 5 days
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kinshasa)
Vernacular name: lukunda bajanyi

Reference HK 25
Author: Keita, S. M. & al.
Title: Etude ethnopharmacologique traditionnelle de quelques plantes médicinales anthelminthiques de la Haute-Guinée (République de Guinée) Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 13, 49 - 65, (1999)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068), roots, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Republic of Guinea
Vernacular name: suluku bölön (Manika), sinnyan'ma (Pular)

Reference HK 38
Author: Kamatenesi-Mugisha, M., H. Oryem-Origa
Title: Traditional herbal remedies used in the management of sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction in western Uganda. African Health Sciences, Volume 5 n° 1 pp. 40 - 49 (2005)
Symptoms: H(139)
Recipes: H(139) sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction, leaves, roots of Cassia occidentalis, to chew, to boil, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Western)
Vernacular name: mwitanzoka (Runyankore), Runyaruguru)

Reference HK 39a
Author: Kisangau, D. P., H. VM Lyaruu, K.M. Hosea, C.C. Joseph
Title: Use of traditional medicines in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Tanzania: a case in the Buhkoba rural district. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Volume 3 : 29 (2007)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) chronic diarrhoea, roots of Senna occidentalis, RNS. (opportunistic infection from HIV/AIDS)
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Buhkoba rural district)
Vernacular name: mwita njoka (Haya)

Reference HK 40
Author: Kamatenesi-Mugisha, M. M., H. Oryem-Origa
Title: Medicinal plants used in some gynaecological morbidity ailments in western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology, Volume 45 (Suppl. 1). 34-40 (2007)
Symptoms: H(026), H(116)
Recipes: H(026) painful menstruation + H(116) irregular menstruation, leaves, roots of Cassia occidentalis are squeezed or boiled, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HK 41
Author: Katuura, E., P. Waako, J. Ogwal-Okeng, R. Bukenya-Ziraba
Title: Traditional treatment of malaria in Mbarara District, western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology, Volume 45 (Suppl. 1). 48-51 (2007)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 15) paludism leaves of Cassia occidentalis, RNS., VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Mbarara district)
Vernacular name: omuhanga (banyankole)

Reference HK 46
Author: Keita, S.
Title: Tisane aux cinq plantes Afr. Méd., 14, (130), 423 - 426. (1975)
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(091), H(126)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, H(091) tonic, H(126) hepatitis, 16 gr of leaves of Combretum micranthum + 7 gr of young leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 7 gr de tiges et leaves of Cymbopogon giganteus + 2 gr leaves of Cymbopogon citratus + 2 gr de stems, leavesand flowers of Melissa piperita, decoction in 1 l. H2O during 15 ' + 150 gr suggar, VO after cooling (400 ml per day during several days as diuretic, 200 ml per day during 10 day as tonic, 250 ml 1 day as laxative and purgative, 200 ml per day during 20 day again hepatitis)
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: mbala-mbala (Bambara)

Reference HK 51
Author: Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title: Les plantes médicinales, toxiques et magiques des Niominka et des Socé des Iles du Saloum (Sénégal) Acta tropica, Suppl. 8, 279 - 334 (1964)
Symptoms: H(013), H(095), H(104), H(115)
Recipes: H(013) pounded leaves of Cassia occidentalis are put ons abcess.
H(095) decoction of grilled seeds of Cassia occidentalis as coffee.
H(104), H(115), roots as enteralgia, RNS and leaves again neuralgia, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name: bentamaré (wolof), bégné fégné (Niominka) ; kassala (Socé)

Reference HK 60
Author: Konda ku Mbuta, Kabakura Mwima, Mbembe Bitengeli, Itufa Y’okolo, Mahuku Kavuna, Mafuta Mandanga, Mpoyi, Kalambayi, Ndemankeni Izamajole, Kadima Kazembe, Kelela Booto, Ngiuvu Vasaki, Bongombola Mwabonsika, Dumu Lody & Paul Latham
Title: Plantes médicinales de traditions. Province de l'Equateur – R.D. Congo, Kinshasa 2012 (419 p.) Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (I.R.S.S.) in Kinshasa. ISBN 9780955420856
Symptoms: H(012), H(020), H(027), H(037), H(051), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(126), H(201)
Recipes: H(012) fracture, the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides and those of Senna occidentalis heat softened, soaked in palm oil, poultice
H(020) snake bite : pounded leaves by local application
H(027) recurrent abortions, decoction des young leaves or root : VO. 2 glasses per day
H(037) pneumonia, leaves softened with heat in thoracic friction
H(051) paludism, H(126) jaundice, roots decoction VO.
H(100) blennorrhoea, roots decoction and the leaves : VO. 1 glass 3 times per day
H(103) caries, pounded bark of the root, associated with vegetable salt by local application
H(104) gastritis, decoction of young leaves or of the root : VO. 2 glasses per day.
H(201) psychosomatic disorders : pressed juice of the leaves of Senna occidentalis and Ageratum conyzoides for ocular instillation
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Libenge (Nduma), City of Lokolela, of Ingende, of Karawa, of Bosobolo, of Bumba and suburbs)
Vernacular name: pola ekasakasenge (Ngombe), mbandanse (Libinza), limingolanta (Lomongo), dombati, segbazolo (Ngwaka), mbengelimo (Mpama), bonungolata (Lonkundo), bolebe bonse (Lontomba), betshobe awane (Elinga)

Reference HL 03
Author: Lubini, A.
Title: Les plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle par les Yansi de l'entre Kwilu-Kamtsha (Zaïre). Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg, 23b, 1007 - 1020, (1990)
Symptoms: H(006), H(104)
Recipes: H(006) + H(104), decoction (H2O) roots of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: jbwiy (Yanzi)

Reference HL 10
Author: Le Floc'h, E., D. Lenormant, A. Lignon & N. Rezkallah
Title: Pratiques ethnobotaniques des populations Afars de la moyenne vallée de l'Awash (Ethiopie). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 14, pp. 283 - 314, (1985)
Symptoms: H(004), H(045), H(175)
Recipes: H(004) + H(045) + H(175), purulent wounds, leaves , roots, crushed together, plasteron affected parts
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Awash valley)
Vernacular name: karrarrate (Afar)

Reference HL 12
Author: Lewalle, J. & F.M. Rodegem
Title: Plantes médicinales du Burundi. Quart. Journ. Crude Drug Research, VIII - 3, 1257-1270, (1968)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068), leaves, decoction (H2O)
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi
Vernacular name: umuyoka, umuyokayoka (Kirundi)

Reference HL 13
Author: Lavergne, R. & R. Véra
Title: Etude ethnobotanique des plantes utilisées dans la pharmacopée traditionnelle à la Réunion. Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 236 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(004), H(013), H(102), H(111), H(113), H(126), H(163)
Recipes: H(004), crushed leaves, RNS.
H(013) acne, decoction leaves, RNS.
H(102), H(126), roots, maceration in H2O during 24 H, VO.
H(104) stomach pain, decoction leaves and roots
H(111), wash with a decoction of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, Vangueria edulis, Jatropha curcas
H(113) rheumatism, H(163), friction with a maceration of seeds Cassia occidentalis , cloves Syzygium aromaticum, roots of Brunfelsia hopeana
Region: Reunion
Country: Reunion
Vernacular name: lindigi, indigo, souveraine

Reference HL 15
Author: Lulekal, E., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, H. Yineger
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu District, southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , Volume 4 : 10 (2008) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/4/1/10 + Additional file
Symptoms: H(075), H(100)
Recipes: H(075) loss of appetite (albti kutu), dried stem bark of Senna occidentalis, crush and drink
H(100) gonorrhoea (chobto), fresh or dried fresh bark, crush boil and VO.
H(100) gonorrhoea (chobto), fresh root, crush boil and VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Southeastern Ethiopia (Mana Angetu District)
Vernacular name: hawacho (Afaan Oromo)

Reference HM 01
Author: Mandango M.A., I. Boemu L. & M. Bongombola
Title: Plantes antidiabétiques de Kinshasa (Zaïre). Mitt. Inst. Allg.. Bot. Hamburg, 23b, 1021 - 1031, (1990)
Symptoms: H(171)
Recipes: H(171), leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Palisota schweinfurthii, rhizom of Zingiber officinale, to pound, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HM 02
Author: Mapi, J.
Title: Contribution à l'étude éthnobotanique et analyses chimiques de quelques plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle dans la région de Nkongsamba (Moungo). Thèse de Doctorat, 3ème cycle, Université de Yaoundé, (1988) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10) and ref. HT 12
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051), leaves decoction (H2O) of Cassia occidentalis, VO
Region: Central Africa
Country: Cameroon
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HM 03
Author: Motte, E.
Title: Les plantes chez les pygmées Aka et les Monzombo de la Lobaye (Centrafrique). Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), 574 p., (1980)
Symptoms: H(013), H(037), H(038), H(068), H(104)
Recipes: H(013 )foot, leaves pounded of Cassia, local application
H(037), barks underground part of Cassia, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(038), roots of Cassia, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(068), decoction (H2O) roots Cassia, VO.
H(068), roots of Cassia occidentalis of Phyllanthus amarus, decoction (H2O) , VO.
H(104) baby at the breast, barks underground part of Cassia, maceration, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HM 17
Author: Muanza, D.N., N.L. Dangala & O. Mpay
Title: Zairean medicinal plants as diarrhea remedies and their antibacterial activities. African study monographs, 14, 1, 53 - 63, (1993)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) diar., leaves, barks stems, general receipts : maceration H2O or decoction (H2O) , or extraction with palm wine, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Kinshasa)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HM 20
Author: Mbura, J.S.I., H.N. Mgaya & H.K. Heggenhougen
Title: The use of oral herbal medicine by women attending antenatal clinics in urban and rural Tanga district in Tanzania. East african medical journal, 63, 8, 540 - 550, (1985)
Symptoms: H(022), H(027y), H(124)
Recipes: H(022) induction of labour, H(027y) + H(077) post partum haemorrhage, ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Tanga ditrict)
Vernacular name: komanguku (Bondei)

Reference HM 33
Author: Malgras, D. (R.P.)
Title: Arbres et arbustes guérisseurs des savanes maliennes. Editions Karthala, 22 - 24, boulevard Arago, 75013 Paris, 480 p. (1992)
Symptoms: H(001), H(005), H(007), H(008), H(018), H(022), H(051), H(051x), H(075), H(082), H(104), H(126), H(139), H(170)
Recipes: H(001) conjunctivitis, decoction stems with leaves of Cassia occidentalis, eyes bath
H(005) face oedema, fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis in local application
H(007) diuretic, infusion of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
H(007) diuretic, leaves of Cassia., decoction, VO.
H(008) + H(104) stomach diseases, H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(082) asthma,VO. from roasted seeds (as a sweet coffee)
H(018) cephalgy, decoction stems with leaves of Cassia., inhalations and lotions
H(051) fevers, H(051) paludism, H(170) common dropsi, H(126) icterus, fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis boiled in karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(051) fevers, H(139) sexual incapacity, infusion or decoction of powder of roots of Cassia occidentalis
H(051) fevers, H(022) made easier a difficult delivery, green leaves of Cassia, decoction filtrée, VO.
H(051) fevers of a woman during the delivery, H(051) paludism, H(051x) yellow fever, H(170) common dropsi, stems with leaves en decoction, RNS.
H(075) appetizer, leaves of Cassia. in a light couscous
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: npalanpalan, nbalafin (Bambara), sumakala, bentamare (Malinke), suma'o (Bwa), nanu pira (Bobo-fing), kangala-dengele (Dogon), tasbati (Peuhl)

Reference HM 41
Author: Mesfin, F., S. Demisse1, T. Teklehaymanot
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:28 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-28 (2009)
Symptoms: H(037), H(068), H(100), H(101), H(124)
Recipes: H(037) bronchitis, pounded fresh / dry root of Kanahala laniflora concocted with roots of Croton macrostachys and Senna occidentalis and mixed with butter, VO.
H(068) amoeba, pounded fresh / dry root of Kanahala laniflora concocted with roots of Croton macrostachys and Senna occidentalis, VO.
H(100) gonorrhea, fresh root powder with honey is taken as a drink before copulation
H(101) excessive menstruation, fresh root powder with butter is taken as a drink for before breakfast three days.
H(124) bleeding nose, fresh root powder mixed with H2O is taken as a drink for three days
H(155) tonsillitis, chewing and swallowing fresh root
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of Wonago Woreda)
Vernacular name: assenmeka (Gedeoffa)

Reference HM 42c
Author: Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otienoi, Anke Weisheit
Title: Ethnomedicine of the Kagera Region, north western Tanzania. Part 3: plants used in traditional medicine in Kikuku village, Muleba District Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2012, 8:14 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-8-14 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/8/1/14
Symptoms: H(201)
Recipes: H(051) paludism decoction of the leaves of Senna occidentalis with natural salt, VO.
H(068) antihelmintic, decoction of pounded roots of Senna occidentalis
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Muleba District)
Vernacular name: omwetanjoka (Kikuku)

Reference HM 52
Author: Musa, M. S., F. E. Abdelrasool, E. A. Elsheikh, L. A. M. N. Ahmed, A. L. E. Mahmoud & S. M. Yagi
Title: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Blue Nile State, South-eastern Sudan Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 5(17), pp. 4287-4297, 9 September, 2011 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2011/9Sept/Musa%20et%20al.pdf
Symptoms: H(126)
Recipes: H(126) jaundice, seeds in powder of Senna occidentalis, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: South-eastern Sudan (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name: soreib

Reference HM 56
Author: Megersa, M., Z.Asfaw , E. Kelbessa, A. Beyene and B. Woldeab
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:68 ( 2013) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-9-68 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/68
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068) ascaris, 9 juvenile leaves of Calpurnia aurea, 9 leaves of Senna occidentalis and 9 juvenile leaves of Clausena anisata smashed and the extracts taken. One cup of tea is given for man and half cup for Children
Region: East Africa
Country: West Ethiopia (Wayu Tuka District)
Vernacular name: (Afaan Oromo)

Reference HM 57
Author: Mensah, J.K., R I. Okoli , A. A. Turay & E.A. Ogie-Odia
Title: Phytochemical Analysis of Medicinal Plants Used for the Management of Hypertension by Esan people of Edo State, Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 1273-87. (2009) http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/meoktuoo.htm
Symptoms: H(151)
Recipes: H(151) hypertension, seeds of Senna occidentalis roasted, grounded and taken as beverage
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name: not registered by the authors

Reference HN 01
Author: Nyakabwa, M. & W. Dibaluka
Title: Plantes médicinales cultivées dans la zone de Kabondo à Kisangani (Zaïre). African study monographs, 11, 2, 87 - 99, (1990)
Symptoms: H(068), H(104), H(109), H(169)
Recipes: H(068), roots of Cassia occidentalis, decoction (H2O), RNS.
H(104), H(169) child, roots of Cassia occidentalis, decoction (H2O), enema
H(109), seeds of Cassia, torréfiée, infusion, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: mwingayini (Swahili), kimbeyeshi (Tetela)

Reference HN 07
Author: Ngalamulume Tshiamuene, J. Paulus s.j., M. Kabeya, L. Nlandus & K. Kizika
Title: Plantes médicinales à usage domestique cultivées dans deux quartiers de Kinshasa. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 9, n° 2, 9 - 14, (1995)
Symptoms: H(091)
Recipes: H(091, 7), (7 recolection site on 402), ONS., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Kinshasa)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HN 08
Author: Nacoulma - Ouedraogo, O., J. Millogo - Rasolodimby & S. Guinko
Title: Les plantes herbacées dans la thérapie des piqûres d'insectes. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 11 - 12, 1 65 - 176, (1997 - 1998)
Symptoms: H(020)
Recipes: H(020), insects , leaves, grilled seeds , external application + , VO (ants, scorpio)
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (central table-land plateau)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HN 10
Author: Novy, J.W.
Title: Medicinal plants of the eastern region of Madagascar. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 55, pp. 119 - 126, (1997)
Symptoms: H(051), H(091), H(104), H(135)
Recipes: H(051), H(091),H(104), H(135), roots, infusion, VO.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: voantsironiangatra, vantsirokonangatra

Reference HN 11
Author: Nkongmeneck, B.A. & al.
Title: Voies de recours thérapeutiques du diabète et plantes utilisées par les diabètiques au Cameroun: cas de Yaounde et ses environs. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr.,Vol. 14, 89 - 98, (2000)
Symptoms: H(171)
Recipes: H(171), 50 gr. of leaves, maceration in 2 l. H2O during 10 h, VO., 3 x/ day during 7 days
Region: West Africa
Country: Cameroon (Yaounde)
Vernacular name: café nègre (Français), coffea senna, stinukweed (English), sangatasba (Eton)

Reference HN 15
Author: Natabou Dégbé, F.
Title: Contribution à l'étude de la médecine et de la Pharmacopée traditionnelles au Bénin: Tentatives d'intégration dans le système de santé officiel. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur en Pharmacie de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop (Diplôme d'état), 138 p., Juillet 1991
Symptoms: H(006), H(068), H(013), H(022), H(033), H(051), H(100), H(111), H(113), H(126)
Recipes: H(006) purgative, H(068) anthelmintic, roots of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
H(013) skin eruption, seeds of Cassia., RNS.
H(022) dystocia, H(033) sterility, H(051) paludism, H(100) venereal illness, H(112) abortifacient, H(126) hepatitis, H(139) male sexual incapacity, the whole plant, roots, leaves, RNS., internal way
H(001) eye disease, H(111), H(113) rheumatism, the whole plant, roots, leaves, RNS., external way
H(126) jaundice, decoction of leaves and of young stems, baths, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: toutoukoti (Somba), lalouiman (Adja), bésisan (Mina), tasbati, tchamball, sanga-sanga (Peuhl), raidoré (Haoussa), sénanwami, kinikiniba (Fon)

Reference HN 29
Author: Nguta, J.M., J.M. Mbaria, D.W. Gakuya, P.K. Gathumbi, S.G. Kiama
Title: Antimalarial herbal remedies of Msambweni, Kenya Journal of Ethnopharmacology 128, 424–432 (2010)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 1), roots, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, decoction, VO., one cup is taken 3 X / day for 3–4 days.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Msambweni)
Vernacular name: mnuka uvundo (Swahili)

Reference HN 31
Author: Namukobe, J., J. M. Kasenene, B. T. Kiremire, R. Byamukama, M. Kamatenesi-Mugisha, S. Krief, V. Dumontet, J. D. Kabasa
Title: Traditional plants used for medicinal purposes by local communities around the Northern sector of Kibale National Park, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136, 236–245, (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002960
Symptoms: H(020), H(068)
Recipes: H(020, 5) snake bite, H(068, 5) tapeworms, fresh leaf of Cassia occidentalis decoction, VO.. Give 500 ml, 3 X / day
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Northern sector of Kibale National Park)
Vernacular name: mwitanjoka (Rutooro)

Reference HN 32
Author: Nagata, J. M., A. R. Jew, J. M. Kimeud, C. R. Salmena, E. A. Bukusi, C. R. Cohen
Title: Medical pluralism on Mfangano Island: Use of medicinal plants among persons living with HIV/AIDS in Suba District, Kenya Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 501–509, (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002029
Symptoms: H(008), H(104)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhea, H(104) stomach ache, leaves, roots of Senna occidentalis decoction VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Suba District)
Vernacular name: oinglatiang (Luo), inglaatiang (Suba)

Reference HN 33
Author: Nguta, J.M., J.M. Mbaria, D.W. Gakuya, P.K. Gathumbi, S.G. Kiama
Title: Traditional antimalarial phytotherapy remedies used by the South Coast community, Kenya Journal of Ethnopharmacology 131, 256–267 (2010)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 1) paludism, roots , leaves of Cassia occidentalis , concoction, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya ( South Coast community)
Vernacular name: mnuka uvundo (Swahili)

Reference HP 00
Author: Pobeguin, M.
Title: Plantes médicinales de la Guinée française. Agriculture pratique des pays chauds, : T1 : 279 - 295, 387 - 394, 484 - 496, (1911) ;T2 : 37 - 45, 133 - 144, 233 - 238, (1911)
Symptoms: H(003), H(004), H(007), H(051), H(091), H(095)
Recipes: H(003) + H(004), fresh leaces, cataplasm or decoction, infusion, bath, fumigation , RNS.
H(007), grilled seeds , RNS.
H(051), twigs, leaves, roots, VO.
H(091), twigs, leaves, roots, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Guinea Conakry
Vernacular name: benta mare (Malinke)tiga sowrou (Foula du Fouta-Djalon)

Reference HP 01
Author: Pousset, J.-L.
Title: Plantes médicinales africaines. Utilisation pratique. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 156 p., (1989) http://data.cameroun-foret.com/system/files/18_17_32.pdf
Symptoms: H(007)
Recipes: H(006), H(102), decoction leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal
Vernacular name: bêtamarê, xob bu adama, bâté, bâta (Wolof), mbala mbala fin (Bambara), tasbati, câbali, aldama (Peuhl), faux kinkeliba (local French)

Reference HP 04
Author: Pernet, R. & G. Meyer
Title: Pharmacopée de Madagascar Publication de l'Institut de Recherche scientifique, Tananarive - Tsimbazaza, 86 p., (1957)
Symptoms: H(007), H(013), H(014), H(037), H(038), H(051), H(091), H(099), H(100), H(109), H(126), H(156), H(163)
Recipes: H(007) diur., H(038) cystitis, roots, RNS.
H(013) scurf, H(014, 2), itch, eczema, seeds, RNS.
H(037) bronchitis, H(051) paludism, H(126), H(156), leaves, RNS.
H(091), H(163), end of stems with flowers, stems, leaves, RNS.
H(091), roots, RNS.
H(099) hysteria, H(109), ONS., RNS.
H(100, 2) syph. & blen,stems, leaves, RNS.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HP 05
Author: Polygenis - Bigendako, M.-J.
Title: Recherches ethnopharmacognosiques sur les plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle au Burundi occidental. Thèse présentée en vue de l'obtention du grade de Docteur en sciences, année acad. 1989 - 1990, Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Botanique Systématique et de Phytosociologie, 352 p., (1990)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068), leaves, decoction (H2O) , enema
H(068, 2), leaves, decoction (H2O) , VO.
H(068, 2), leaves, pressed in H2O, VO.
H(068), barks, leaveses of Senna occidentalis, leaves of Tragia brevipes, pressed in H2O, VO.
H(068), leaves, ashes VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Occidental)
Vernacular name: umuyokayoka (Kirundi)

Reference HP 11
Author: Potel, Anne-Marie
Title: Les plantes médicinales au Sénégal. Study report of Anne-Marie Potel, accomplished at Nguekokh (Senegal), 2002. Registered in the chapter "Grey Littérature "of the PRELUDE data bank http://pagesperso-orange.fr/senegal.bourbonnais/Anne%20marie.htm
Symptoms: H(001), H(007), H(018), H(022), H(026), H(033), H(051), H(068), H(075), H(082), H(091), H(100), H(113), H(126), H(170)
Recipes: H(001) conjunctivitis, H(007) depurative, H(007) diuretic, H(018) cephalalgy, H(022) oxytocic, H(026) painful menstruation, H(033) sterility, H(051) paludism, H(051) fever, H(068) internal parasitism, H(075) aperitive, H(082) asthma, H(091) tonic, H(100) blennorrage, H(113) rheumatism, H(126) icterus, H(170) common dropsi, ONS. of Cassia occidentalis, RNS
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (Nguekokh region)
Vernacular name: mbante (Wolof), mbala mbala fin (Bambara), bénéféné (Serere), café nègre ( local French)

Reference HP 1k
Author: Palayer, P.
Title: Lexique de plantes du pays Sar.Plantes spontanées et cultivées.Tome 2, 78 p., (1977) Collège Charles Lwanga.C.E.L. Sarh-Tchad.Publié avec le concours financier de l'UNESCO.
Symptoms: H(103), H(108)
Recipes: H(108), decoction (H2O) leaves, cold , RNS.
H(103), pounded roots, , RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Chad (Sar country)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HP 2k
Author: Pernet, R.
Title: Les plantes médicinales malgaches.Catalogue de nos connaissances chimiques et pharmaceutiques. Mémoires de l'Institut scientifique de Madagascar. Série B, Tome 8, 217 - 303, (1957)
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(051), H(082), H(102)
Recipes: H(051), ONS., RNS.
H(102), seeds, leaves, RNS.
H(007), seeds, RNS.
H(006), leaves, RNS.
H(082), grilled seeds, RNS.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: hemaimbo, kintsakintsana, saringoaza, voanembanalika, voantsiraokonangatra, rnanakontsovoka, tsorokanangatra, vonjary,

Reference HR 05
Author: Rasoanaivo, P., A. Petitjean, S. Ratsimamanga-Urverg & A. Rakoto-Ratsimamanga
Title: Medicinal plants used to treat malaria in Madagascar. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 37, pp. 117 - 127, (1992)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, stems, leaves, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HR 10
Author: Rivière, C., J.-P. Nicolas, M.-L. Caradec, O. Désiré & A. Schmitt
Title: Les plantes médicinales de la région nord de Madagascar : Une approche ethnopharmacologique Ethnopharmacologia, n°36, novembre, pp. 36 - 50. (2005) Bulletin de la société française d'ethnopharmacologie et de la société européenne d'ethnopharmacologie
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, dysentery, stem with leaves, decoction, VO.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar (North region)
Vernacular name: famônoakoho

Reference HR 11
Author: Raponda-Walker, A. & R. Sillans
Title: Les Plantes utiles du Gabon. Encyclopédie biologique. Editions Paul Lechevalier, 12 rue de Tournon, Paris VI, 478 p. (1961)
Symptoms: H(003), H(007), H(031), H(051), H(100), H(125), H(191)
Recipes: H(003), H(031), H(113), hot leaves covered of palm oil, cataplasm
H(007), H(051), H(125), leaves, infusion, VO.
H(008), cooked leaves of Cassia occidentalis + seeds of Arrachis hypogea, VO.
H(008), cooked leaves of Cassia occidentalis + butter "odika", VO.
H(051), H(100) blen, H(191), roots infusion, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Gabon
Vernacular name: igondjo-nyi-ntséri, igondjo ny'anango (Mpongwè), igondjo-nyi-ntséri (Orungu, Nkomi), muwiwisi (Eshira), mukèmu-mfumbi (Bapanu, Bavungu, Bavarama, Banzabi), anumba-numba (Bakélé, bongwè (Béséki), nyoka-nyoka (Loango), monyèmbè-nyèmbè (Apindji), ngombi-a-myovi (Mitsogo), nyalé-kaba, ébé-si (Fang)

Reference HR 1k
Author: Ratsimamanga, A.R.
Title: Etat d'avancement de la recherche sur la médecine et la pharmacopée traditionnelles à Madagascar, 187 - 191, (1979) Quatrième symposium inter-africain OUA / CSTR sur la Pharmacopée traditionnelle et les plantes médicinales africaines.(Le Abidgan-Côte d'Ivoire, 25-29 septembre 1979) Rapport et recommandations, Lagos, OUA / CSTR, P. M. B. 2359, Lagos, Nigeria.Cairo, University Press, 744 p. (1983)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, RNS, ONS
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HS 02
Author: Sillans, R.
Title: République centrafricaine (1953). From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(005)
Recipes: H(005), leaves of Cassia occidentalis, local application
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HS 06
Author: Staner, P. & R. Boutique
Title: Matériaux pour l'étude des plantes médicinales indigènes du Congo Belge. Mém. Institut royal colonial belge, Section des Sc. naturelles et médicales,Collection in-8°, fasc. 6 et dernier, 228 p., (1937)
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(015), H(018), H(100), H(104), H(113)
Recipes: H(006), leaves maceration, enema, (Coquilhatville)
H(007) + H(015), ONS., RNS.
H(018), warm leaves, cataplasm on head
H(100) blen., roots infusion, VO. (Aruwimi, Atlantic region, Burundi)
H(104) belly, leaves, RNS. (Yangambi, Katanga)
H(113), warm leaves, cataplasm on limbs
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre), Burundi
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HS 08
Author: Sita, G.
Title: Traitement traditionnel de quelques maladies en pays Bissa (République de Haute-Volta). Bulletin agricole du Rwanda, 11ème année, 1, 24 - 34, (1978)
Symptoms: H(126)
Recipes: H(126) , leaves, young twigs, decoction, V.O. + bath
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso
Vernacular name: koassire le, ber-le (Bissa)

Reference HS 12a
Author: Samuelsson G., M. H. Faraha, Per Claeson, M. Hagos, M. Thulin, O. Hedberg, A. M. Warfa, A. O. Hassan, A. H. Elmi , A. D. Abdurahman, A. S. Elmi, Y. A. Abdie & M. H. Alin
Title: Inventory of plants used in traditional medicine in Somalia. I. Plants of the families Acanthaceae - Chenopodiaceae. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 35, pp. 25 - 63, (1991)
Symptoms: H(003), H(014), H(179)
Recipes: H(003), bruises, 1 plant is crushed and boiled in water, 1 cup, 3 times/ day, for 3 days
H(014), scabies, a handfull of seeds is mixed with wineegar, filtered, application on the head twice a day for 1 week
H(179), cholic?, 1 plant is crushed and boiled in water, 1 cup, 3 times/ day, for 3 days
Region: East Africa
Country: Somalia
Vernacular name: jibaari, diir-jinni

Reference HS 18
Author: Ssegawa, P., J. M. Kasenene
Title: Medicinal plant diversity and uses in Sango bay area, Southern Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 113, pp. 521 - 540, (2007)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 4) paludism, leaves decoction of Senna occidentalis, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Sango bay area)
Vernacular name: kwiniini omuganda

Reference HS 1k
Author: Sawyerr, E.S.
Title: Medicinal plants of West Africa.Vol. 1 Solomon Islands, 88 p. (1983)
Symptoms: H(006), H(018), H(051), H(157)
Recipes: H(006), plant , RNS
H(018), peeled roots + plant + black peper, juice in nose
H(051), leaves, decoctionRNS
H(157), ONS , RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Sierra Leone
Vernacular name: stinking löf, coffee (Krio), e - sabe , e - lamba coke (Temne), jipa, nje pai (Mende)

Reference HS 20
Author: Sonibare, M.A. , J.O. Moody, E.O. Adesanya
Title: Use of medicinal plants for the treatment of measles in Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 268–272 (2009)
Symptoms: H(046)
Recipes: H(046) measles, dried root and leaves of Senna occidentalis aremilled and mixed with black soap and used to bathe twice daily.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Ijebu area of Ogun State)
Vernacular name: rere (Ijebu)

Reference HS 27
Author: Sangare, D.
Title: Etude de la prise en charge du paludisme par les thérapeutes traditionnels dans les aires de santé de Kendie (Bandiagara) et de Finkolo AC (Sikasso) Thesis presented and defended in public, December 20, 2003, at the Faculty of Medicine of Pharmacy and Odontostomatology at the University of Bamako (Republic of Mali), 115p. http://www.keneya.net/fmpos/theses/2004/pharma/pdf/04P27.pdf
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) simple paludism, decoction of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, bath + VO. , morning and evening for 7 days+ steambath of dried leaves (healer in the village of Irguily of Dounaly).
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali Republic (region of Kendie and Finkolo)
Vernacular name: dèbè lobo (Dogon)

Reference HS 31
Author: Saotoing, P., T. Vroumsia, Tchobsala, F-N. Tchuenguem Fohouo, A.-M. Njan Nloga & J. Messi
Title: Medicinal plants used in traditional treatment of malaria in Cameroon Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment Vol. 3(3), pp. 104-117, March 2011 http://www.academicjournals.org/jene/PDF/Pdf2011/March/Saotoing%20et%20al.pdf
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 62) paludism, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
(Some receipt with Cassia occidentalis again paludism) The leaves of Psidium guajava, Mangifera indica , Eucalyptus sp., and Carica papaya are mixed in equal amounts and boiled in water.The obtained solution is to be drunk, one glass three times per day for adults and half a glass three times a day for the children until recovery..
The leaves of Cassia occidentalis are dipped in water and then left herein for a few hours until maceration. The solution is taken in the morning and evening.
A few Cassia occidentalis leaves can be picked and consumed immediately after cleaning and grinding.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Cameroon (town of Maroua, Far North Region)
Vernacular name: kaccu-kaccunga (Fulfulde)

Reference HT 10
Author: Tadesse, D.
Title: Collecting medicinal plants at Bahir Dar Awraja. Germiplasm Newsletter, 18, 25-27, (1988)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051), ONS., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Northwest) (Bahir Dar Awraja)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HT 20
Author: Terrac, M.-L.
Title: Contribution à l'étude des plantes médicinales de Madagascar, de la Réunion et de l'île Maurice. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur de l'Université de Paris (Pharmacie), Novembre 1947. Imprimerie Vuibert, 6 rue Martel, Paris, 246 p., (1947)
Symptoms: H(003), H(006), H(007), H(013), H(016), H(051), H(082), H(101), H(104)
Recipes: H(003) swelling legs, H(006), H(007), leaves, RNS.
H(007), H(104) stomach, roots, RNS.
H(013) abscess + H(016), cataplasm leaves
H(037) bronchitis, H(082), roasted seeds, coffee
H(051), H(051) paludism, H(051) + H(015), H(051x), leaves, seeds, RNS.
H(101), decoction (H2O) roots and leaves,herb tea
From references HT 20 - 1, HT 20 - 3, HT 20 - 4, HT 20 - 5, HT 20 - 6, HT 20 - 7, HT 20 - 8, HT 20 - 9
Region: Madagascar, Reunion, Mauritius
Country: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion
Vernacular name: indigo sauvage

Reference HT 28
Author: Tabuti, J.R.S., K.A. Lye, S.S. Dhillion
Title: Traditional herbal drugs of Bulamogi, Uganda: plants, use and administration. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 88, pp. 19-44 (2003)
Symptoms: H(020), H(022), H(030), H(085), H(100), H(169)
Recipes: H(020) snake, H(169) hernia, roots of Senna occidentalis, to chew
H(022) parturition (made easier), H(030) placenta retention , infusion of roots of Senna., VO.
H(085) diphtheria, infusion of roots of leaves of Senna., VO. + to chew leaves and roots
H(100) syphilis, decoction of roots of Senna., VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda, Bulamogi country
Vernacular name: kasagalyansasi

Reference HT 2k
Author: Timberlake, J. R.
Title: Ethnobotany of the Pokot of Nothern Kenya, 106 p., (1987)Unpublished report. East African Herbarium Center for Economic Botany, Royal Botanic Gardens.Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK.
Symptoms: H(006), H(091)
Recipes: H(006), root infusion used as purgative, RNS.
H(091) childs, boiled root infusion with milk used as child's tonic.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (North region)
Vernacular name: cheporon, cheroponpolalwa, chesokisian, ketpararar

Reference HT 32
Author: Traore, M.
Title: Le Recours à la Pharmacopée Traditionnelle Africaine dans le Nouveau Millénaire :<< Cas des Femmes Herboristes de Bamako >> http://www.codesria.org/Archives/ga10/Abstracts%20GA%201-5/AIDS_Traore.htm In "Grey littérature"
Symptoms: H(006), H(006) + H(104), H(091), H(126)
Recipes: H(006) constipation, H(006) + H(104) gastro-enteritis, H(091) restorative, stimulant, tonic, H(126) icterus, ONS of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: baranbaran (Malinke)

Reference HT 37
Author: Tchacondo, T., S. D. Karou, K. Batawila, A. Agban, K. Ouro-Bang’na, K. T. Anani, M.Gbeassor, C. de Souza
Title: Herbal remedies and their adverse effects in Tem tribe traditional medicine in Togo. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 8(1):pp.45-60 (2011) http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?tc11008
Symptoms: H(051), H(104)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, roots powder of Nauclea latifolia of Trichilia emetica of Pseudocedrela kotschyi of Cassia occidentalis, VO., (could cause adverse effects as; diarrhoea, polyuria)
H(051) paludism, roots powder of Nauclea latifolia of Securidaca longepedunculata of Terminalia avicennioides of Pseudocedrela kotschyi of Cassia occidentalis, VO., (could cause adverse effects as; allergies, allergies, insomnia, diarrhoea, abdominal pains)
H(104) gastrointestinal disorders, leaves powder of Cassia occidentalis, VO., (could cause adverse effects as; diarrhoea, vomiting)
Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Vernacular name: kitchemtchem (Tem)

Reference HT 40
Author: Tra Bi Fézan, H., G. M. Irié, K C.C. N’GAMAN & C.H.B. Mohou
Title: Études de quelques plantes thérapeutiques utilisées dans le traitement de l’hypertension artérielle et du diabète : deux maladies émergentes en Côte d’Ivoire Sciences & Nature Vol. 5 N°1 : 39 - 48 (2008) http://www.ajol.info/index.php/scinat/article/viewFile/42150/9278
Symptoms: H(051), H(151)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, ONS., RNS.
H(151) hypertension, decoction of leaves of Cassia occidentalis
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Abidjan town)
Vernacular name: not registered bu the authors

Reference HT 41
Author: Tabuti, J. RS, C. B. Kukunda, D. Kaweesi, O. MJ. Kasib
Title: Herbal medicine use in the districts of Nakapiripirit, Pallisa, Kanungu, and Mukono in Uganda Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 8:35 ( 2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/pdf/1746-4269-8-35.pdf
Symptoms: H(020), H(051), H(068), H(104)
Recipes: H(020, 2) snake bite, H(051, 1) paludism, H(068, 2) worms, H(104, 1) abdominal pain, H(104, 5) colic pain, leaves are the most commonly used plant organ, roots and stems are also used, the medicines are mostly prepared as water extracts or as decoction and administered orally
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (districts of Nakapiripirit, Pallisa, Kanungu & Mukono)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference HV 03
Author: Vergiat, A.-M.
Title: Plantes magiques et médicinales des féticheurs de l'Oubangui (Région de Bangui) Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 16, 84 - 112, 335 - 367, 418 - 456, (1969) Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 17, 60 - 91, 171 - 199, 295 - 339, (1970)
Symptoms: H(005), H(104), H(172), H(187)
Recipes: H(005), H(097), H(172), leaves pounded of Cassia occidentalis, local application
H(104), decoction (H2O) of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic (Oubangui)
Vernacular name: te zafan, singele, perpakala (Manja), balovu (Dakpwa)

Reference HV 04
Author: Verguin, J.
Title: Vingt plantes médicinales du Bas-Mangoky (Côte ouest de Madagascar) Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 3, 412 - 414, (1956)
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104), roots of Cassia, infusion, RNS.
Region: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar
Vernacular name: sanatrindulu

Reference HV 05
Author: Van Der Steur, L.
Title: Plantes médicinales utilisées par les Peul du Sénégal Oriental. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 8, n° 2, 189 - 200, (1994)
Symptoms: H(018), H(051)
Recipes: H(018), leaves on head, RNS.
H(051) childs, leaves, ground H2O, VO. + bath
Region: West Africa
Country: Oriental Senegal
Vernacular name: aldiana, aldana de, tasbati, tambali, njebe ladde (Peul), casse sumakoe, mbala mbala fin, palambala, ala nao, turefere, suma kala (Bambara), benefene ndana, ndahar mbal (Sérère), bantamare, banta aldana, xob bu adana, bate (Wolof), ka putataba, a

Reference HV 54
Author: Van der Veen, L.J., S. Bodinga-bwa-Bodinga
Title: Une société traditionnelle noire africaine et ses plantes utiles : les Eviya du Gabon Document submitted for publication http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/fulltext/Van der Veen/Van der Veen_à paraître_a.pdf
Symptoms: H(003), H(007), H(008), H(031), H(051), H(100), H(113), H(125)
Recipes: H(003) strains, sprains and H(031) body side pain, H(007) diuretic, H(113) rheumatism, leaves of Cassia occidentalis heated steamed and coated with palm oil, local applications
H(008) diarrhoea , cooked leaves with peanuts or butter of mo-dika , RNS.
H(051) fever, H(125) sudorific, leaves infusion, RNS.
H(100) blennorrage , roots decoction, VO?
Region: West Africa
Country: Gabon (Eviya habitat)
Vernacular name: (mo-)kémO (w-)a gebende , (Eviya language)

Reference HW 01
Author: Walker, R.
Title: Usages pharmaceutiques des plantes spontanées du Gabon. Bull. Inst. Etudes centrafricaines, n° 4, 5, 6, (1953) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(008), H(038), H(051)
Recipes: H(008), to chew of leaves of Cassia occidentalis
H(038), maceration of leaves of Cassia, VO.
H(051), infusion of leaves of Cassia, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Gabon
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HW 05
Author: Wome, B.
Title: Recherches ethnopharmacognosiques sur les plantes médicinales utilisées en médecine traditionnelle à Kisangani (Haut-Zaïre). Thèse de doctorat, Université libre de Bruxelles, Fac. Sc., 561 p., (1985)
Symptoms: H(091), H(104)
Recipes: H(091), infusion of leaves of Cassia occidentalis, bath
H(104), aerian part of Cassia occidentalis, decoction (H2O), filtration, enema
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Kisangani)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HW 10
Author: Weiss. E. A.
Title: Some indigenous plants used domestically by East african costal fishermen Economic Botany, 33, 1,. pp. 35-51, (1979) http://www.springerlink.com/content/044148858871586m/
Symptoms: H(175)
Recipes: H(175) a poultice is made from a heated wad of leaves of Cassia occidentalis
Region: East Africa (Costal regions)
Country: Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name: stinking weed (English), (Swahili), mnuka uvundo, mrambazi (Zanzibar, kunde nvika), msalafu (Duruma)

Reference HZ 03
Author: Zerbo, P., J. Millogo-Rasolodimby, O. G. Nacoulma-Ouédraogo, P. Van Damme
Title: Plantes médicinales et pratiques médicales au Burkina Faso : cas des Sanan Bois et Forêts des Tropiques,, N° 307 ( 1 ), (2011)
Symptoms: H(087), H(104)
Recipes: H(087) infections, infestations, H(104) digestive disorders, barks roots, leaves of Cassia occidentalis, decoction, chew, VO., fumigation
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (San countries, northwestern Burkina Faso)
Vernacular name: yarawé (Sanan)

Reference VA 03
Author: Ake-Assi, Y.A.
Title: Contribution au recensement des espèces végétales utilisées traditionnellement sur le plan zootechnique et vétérinaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Thèse de doctorat (Sc. Vétérinaires), Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, 220 p., (1992)
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: V(068), leaves, RNS. , Guinea worms
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa
Vernacular name: rai'dor (Hausa), okamo (Ibo), ananse dua (Ashanti)

Reference VA 17
Author: Assogba, M.N.
Title: Quelques enquêtes sur la pharmacopée traditionnelle vétérinaire en République populaire du Bénin. 13ème Conférence de la Société ouest africaine de pharmacologie, 23-24-25 février 1984 à Cotonou. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique. Collège polytechnique universitaire, 107 p., (1984)
Symptoms: V(006), V(010), V(050), V(068)
Recipes: Vb(006), root, decoction, VO.
Vb(010), stems and flowers Phyllanthus amarus , stems and leaves and fruits Cassia occidentalis, leaves Gossypium herbaceum, whole plant Momordica charantia, decoction, VO., 1/2 l. / day Vb(050), roots, decoction, VO.
Vb(068), decoction roots, VO. during 6 days
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: akorere (Nago, région de Sakete)kinikiniba ako (Nago, région de Save

Reference VB 01
Author: Bâ, A.S.
Title: L'art vétérinaire en milieu traditionnel africain. Agence de Coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), 136 p., (1994) and THESE, présentée et soutenue publiquement le 7 juillet 1982 devant la Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Dakar pour obtenir le grade de Docteur Vétérinaire (Diplôme d'Etat)
Symptoms: V(104)
Recipes: Veq(104) (reedu muusooru) , maceration crushed leaves, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mauritania, Mali, Senegal (border regions)
Vernacular name: aljannaawi

Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(020), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(020,1), juice of leaves ,VO., ashes on scarifications, Cassia occidentalis + Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(039,3), decoction leaves, V.O., 1 glass the first day, increase the dosis afterward. Could be letal for the calf
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umuyokayoka (Kirundi)

Reference VB 07
Author: Bessin, R., O. Bougnounou, T. Konate & H.H.Tamboura
Title: Travail de synthèse sur la pharmacopée vétérinaire traditionnelle pour le Séminaire africain inter-régional sur la pharmacopée vétérinaire, Ouagadougou, Burkina-Faso, Avril 15-22, (1993) Documentation Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(005)
Recipes: Vb(005)legs, Cassia occidentalis, Cissus quadrangularis, crushed + maceration, filter, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso
Vernacular name: aljanaahi (Peul), bâtawaré (Wolof)

Reference VB 14
Author: Byavu, N., C. Henrard, M. Dubois & F. Malaisse
Title: Phytothérapie traditionnelle des bovins dans les élevages de la plaine de la Rusizi, Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 4 (3), 135 - 156, (2000)
Symptoms: V(020)
Recipes: Vb(020) snake, pounded roots, warm compress, + Amaranthus spinosus
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Rusizi, Kivu)
Vernacular name: umwicanzoka (Kinyarwanda)

Reference VB 19
Author: Balagizi Karhagomba, I. & F. Ntumba Kayembe
Title: Plantes utilisées dans le traitement des helminthoses gastro-intestinales des petits ruminants dans le groupement d'Irhambi-Katana (Région du Bushi, Province du Sud-Kivu, Rép. Dém. du Congo). Recherches africaines, n°1, 90 - 99, 1 juillet 1998.
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: Vc(068), Vo(068), roots, maceration, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (region of Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: kashegemanjoka (Shi)

Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(015), V(030)
Recipes: Vb(015), to crush 2 handfull of leaves of Harungana madagascariensis, 1 handfull of leaves of Euphorbia hirta of Sida rhombifolia, 2 handfull of roots of Senna occidentalis, to dilute in H2O, VO.
Vv(030), 1 handfull of roots of Senna occidentalis, decoction in 1 glass H2O, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: mushegemanjoka, kashege (Mashi), mchanzoka (Nyindu), umuyoka (Kinyarwanda), mujangajanga (Fuliro)

Reference VC 05
Author: Coly, R.
Title: Enquête ethnomédicale vétérinaire au Sénégal. Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 153 - 156, (1994)
Symptoms: V(041)
Recipes: V(041), ONS., crushed maceration, filter VO. + Cissus quadrangularis
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (sahelian and soudano-sahelian zone)
Vernacular name: aljanaahi (Peul), bäntawaré (Wolof)

Reference VD 02
Author: Dalziel, J.M.
Title: The useful plants of west tropical Africa. The Crown Agents for the Colonies, 4, Millbank, Westminster, London, S.W.1, 612 p., (1937)
Symptoms: V(002)
Recipes: Vb(002), maceration fruits, leaves, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(008), V(035), V(068), V(113)
Recipes: Vb(035) theileriosis, ONS., RNS.
Vb(008) diarrhoea, ONS., RNS.
Vb(068) anthelmintic, maceration of roots, RNS.
Vb(113) arthritis, limping, ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: kashege, kashenge, kashegemanjoka , mushegemanjoka (shi)

Reference VE 04
Author: Ejobi, F., R.D. Mosha, S. Ndege & D. Kamoga
Title: Etno-Veterinary Medicinal Plants of the Lake Victoria Basin: A Bioprospection Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (2): 257-261 (2007)
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: V(068) internai parasites, roots decoction of Cassia occidentalis, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Lake Victoria Basin:)
Vernacular name: mutanjoka (Luganda / Kinyankore)

Reference VG 19
Author: Giday, M.
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. CBM:s Skriftserie 3, pp. 81 - 99, Uppsala 2001
Symptoms: V(041)
Recipes: Vb(041) anthrax, leaves of Senna occidentalis, RNS., VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Zay people; Islands of lake Ziway)
Vernacular name: not registrated by the author

Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(006), V(047), V(076)
Recipes: Vb(006) constipation (egwee), H2O extract of roots of Senna occidentalis, VO., enema (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(047) heart problems (etau), H2O extract of roots of Senna occidentalis, RNS. (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(076) rotten wounds in mouth (lokituk), H2O extract of fruits and leaves, wash the mouth (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: etiatia (Ngakarimojong)

Reference VI 02
Author: Ibrahim, M. A., N. Nwude, R. A. Ogunsusi & Y.O. Aliu
Title: Screening of west african plants for anthelmintic activity. I.L.C.A. Bulletin, 17, 19 - 22, (1984) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: V(068), ONS., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference VK 28
Author: Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou
Title: Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinaty medicine in Northern Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa). South African Journal of Botany, Volume 74, pp. 76 - 84, (2008) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003651
Symptoms: V(006), V(051), V(091)
Recipes: Vb(006), Vo(006), Vc(006), constipation, Vb(051), Vo(051), Vc(051) fever, Vb(091), Vo(091), Vc(091) tonic, ground leaves of Cassia occidentalis + lemon juice + H2O, filtered, VO., 0,5 l., 2 X / daily
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Northern)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

Reference VK 44
Author: Kayode, J., M. K. Olanipekun and P. O. Tedela
Title: Medicobotanical Studies in Relation to Veterinary Medicine in Ekiti State, Nigeria: Checklist of Botanicals used for the Treatment of Poultry Diseases Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 40-46. 2009. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com//leaflets/poultry.htm See also the reference VK 45
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: Vv(068) helminthiasis, leaves of Senna occidentalis, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Ekiti State)
Vernacular name: papala-omode

Reference VL 01
Author: Larrat, M.
Title: Médecine et pharmacie indigènes: Trypanosomiases et piroplasmoses, (1939) From reference:e VB 10
Symptoms: V(025)
Recipes: Vb(025), leaves, decoction, VO. + to massage head, loins, paws every three days with leaves plunged into the liquid, if disease continue + roasted hairs + rock salt + H20, V.O.
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina-Faso, Ghana (Boussance)
Vernacular name: balambala, balombo, santa mare(Malinké)

Reference VN 02
Author: Nwude, N. & M.A. Ibrahim
Title: Plants used in traditional veterinary medical practice in Nigeria. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, Volume 3, 261 - 273, (1980)
Symptoms: V(002)
Recipes: Vb(002), fruit, leaves, crushed, maceration, H2O, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: rai rai (Hausa)

Reference VN 08
Author: Nacoulma - Ouedraogo, O., J. Millogo - Rasolodimby & S. Guinko
Title: Les plantes herbacées dans la thérapie des piqûres d'insectes. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 11 - 12, 1 65 - 176, (1997 - 1998)
Symptoms: V(020)
Recipes: V(020), insects, leaves , grilled seeds, external use, VO. , decoction, infusion, (ants, scorpion)
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (central table-land plateau)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference VN 30
Author: Nalule, A.S. , J. M. Mbaria, D. Olila & J. W. Kimenju
Title: Ethnopharmacological practices in management of livestock helminthes by pastoral communities in the drylands of Uganda Livestock Research for Rural Development 23 (2) 2011
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: Vb(068) helminthiasis, pound a handful of roots (200g) of Cassia occidentalis, add 1 liter of H2O, boil to remain 1/2 liter, drench 1/2 liter once to adult animal , 100ml to young ones
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (the drylands, Nakasongola community)
Vernacular name: omutanjooka

Reference VO 14
Author: Olila, D., R. Bukenya-Ziraba and D. Kamoga
Title: Bio-Prospective Studies on Medicinal Plants Used to Manage Poultry Diseases in the Mount Elgon Region of Uganda. Research Journal of Pharmacology 1 (3): 56-60, 2007
Symptoms: V(008), V(037)
Recipes: Vv(008) diarrhea, Vv(037) cough, crush the leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Spilanthes mauritiana, add H2O, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda. (Mount Elgon Region)
Vernacular name: namaseze (Lugisu)

Reference VT 08
Author: Toyang, N.J., M. Nuwanyakpa, C. Ndi, S. Django & W.C. Kinyuy
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicine practices in the Northwest Province of Cameroon Article on Internet: http://www.nufficcs.nl/ciran/ikdm/3-3/articles/toyang.html Indigenous knowledge and development monitor (http://www.nufficcs.nl/ciran/ikdm/ )
Symptoms: V(025), V(041), V(068), V(094)
Recipes: Vb(025), Vb(041)black quarter,, Vb(068), Vb(117), ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Cameroon (Northeast)
Vernacular name: tapasa (Fulfulde)

Reference VT 24
Author: Tabuti John R. S., Shivcharn S. Dhillion & Kaare A. Lye
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 88, pp. 279-286 (2003)
Symptoms: V(037)
Recipes: Vb(037) cough, leaves of Vernonia amygdalina, Chenopodium opulifolium, Senna occidentalis, infusion, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Bulamogi county)
Vernacular name: kasagalyansasi

Reference VW 06
Author: Wasswa, P. & O. Deogracious
Title: The in-vitro ascaricidal activity of selected indigrnous medicinal plants used in ethno veterinary practices in Uganda. African Journal of Traditional, African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 3 (2) pp. 94 - 103 (2006)
Symptoms: V(068)
Recipes: V(068) ascaris (Ascaris suum) , ONS, RNS. (Laboratory analisis coroborate the anthelmintic activity of this plant)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda
Vernacular name: mutanjoka (Luganda)

Reference VY 02
Author: Yongabi, K. A.
Title: MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY: IT’S ROLE AND LINK IN INTEGRATED BIOSYSTEMS: PART I. FMEnv/ZERI research Centre, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi (in gray litterature)
Symptoms: V(107)
Recipes: Vv(107) fowl typhoid leaves of Cassia occidentalis in feed or in drinkers
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: not registered by the author