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Reference HA 22 has information about 80 plants

Reference: HA 22
Author: Arnold, H.-J. & M. Gulumian
Title: Pharmacopoeia of traditional medicine in Venda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 12, pp. 35 -74, (1984) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874184900862

Acacia karroo Hayne
Official name: Acacia karroo Hayne
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Acacia_karroo4.jpg , Acacia_karroo1.jpg , Acacia_karroo2.jpg , Acacia_karroo3.jpg
Symptoms: H(178)
Recipes: H(178) heart disorder, thorns of Acacia karroo, fruits of Musa paradisiaca, decoction, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muunga (Luvenda)

Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Official name: Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Family: Apocynaceae
Pictures: Acokanthera_oppositifolia5.jpg , Acokanthera_oppositifolia1.jpg , Acokanthera_oppositifolia4.jpg , Acokanthera_oppositifolia2.jpg , Acokanthera_oppositifolia3.jpg
Symptoms: H(101)
Recipes: H(101) prolonged menstruation, unhalation of smoke of wood of Acokanthera oppositifolia
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutsilili (Luvenda)

Adansonia digitata L.
Official name: Adansonia digitata L.
Family: Bombacaceae
Synonyms: Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Pictures: Adansonia_digitata4.jpg , Adansonia_digitata2.jpg , Adansonia_digitata6.jpg , Adansonia_digitata1.jpg , Adansonia_digitata3.jpg , HA06Adansonia_digitata.jpg , Adansonia_digitata5.jpg
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100), barks of Adansonia digitata of Ossyris lanceolata (mpeta) decoction (H2O) , VO
H(100), roots decoction (H2O) , RNS., VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvhuyu (Luvenda)

Adenia gummifera (Harv.) Harms
Official name: Adenia gummifera (Harv.) Harms
Family: Passifloraceae
Pictures: Adenia_gummifera1.jpg
Symptoms: H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(033) sterility, roots Adenia gummifera , Nymphea capensis (murambodane) + roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata + bark Piper capense + roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction (H2O) , VO. 3X / day during 1 month
H(101), roots Adenia gummifera of Xylopia parviflora (muvhula-vhusiku), decoction (H2O) , VO. + vaginal douche
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: bopha (Luvenda)

Afzelia quanzensis Welw.
Official name: Afzelia quanzensis Welw.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Afzelia_quanzensis.jpg , Afzelia_quanzensis2.jpg
Symptoms: H(020)
Recipes: H(020), bark of Afzelia quanzensis, decoction (H2O) , RNS
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutokota (Luvenda)

Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Official name: Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Albizia_adianthifolia2.jpg , Albizia_adianthifolia3.jpg , Albizia_adianthifolia1.jpg , HA05Albizia_adianthifolia.jpg
Symptoms: V(095)
Recipes: Vb(095) leaves of Albizia adianthifolia de Anthocleista grandiflora mixed with food
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulela (Luvenda)

Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name: Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Albizia_anthelmintica1.jpg , Albizia_anthelmintica2.jpg , Albizia_anthelmintica3.jpg , Albizia_anthelmintica4.jpg , Albizia_anthelmintica5.jpg , Albizia_anthelmintica6.jpg
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100), roots Albizia anthelmintica of Citrus limon decoction (H2O) , VO. and bath
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muime, mukuvhavha, dinda (Luvenda)

Aloe chabaudii Schönl.
Official name: Aloe chabaudii Schönl.
Family: Aloaceae
Pictures: Aloe_chabaudii2.jpg , Aloe_chabaudii.jpg
Symptoms: H(003), H(015), H(100)
Recipes: H(003), leave Aloe chabaudii cut with razor, warmed on fire and pressed on swollen area, swollen ankles + powder of Capparis tomentosa of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) is rubbed on after treatment with Aloe
H(015), roots decoction (H2O) , porridge
H(100), roots Aloe chabaudii + Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) + Carica papaya + Citrus limon, decoction (H2O) , VO + bath.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshikhopha (Luvenda)

Amaranthus spinosus L.
Official name: Amaranthus spinosus L.
Family: Amaranthaceae
Pictures: Amaranthus_spinosus5.jpg , Amaranthus_spinosus2.jpg , Amaranthus_spinosus3.jpg , Amaranthus_spinosus_fa02010.jpg , Amaranthus_spinosus_fa02011.jpg , Amaranthus_spinosus4.jpg , HA03Amaranthus_spinosus.jpg , Amaranthus_spinosus1.jpg , Amaranthus_spinosus_fa02012.jpg
Symptoms: H(036)
Recipes: H(036), whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus, smoke, inhalation
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshithavhamisisi (Luvenda)

Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name: Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family: Annonaceae
Synonyms: Annona arenaria Thonn.; Annona senegalensis Pers. var. senegalensis; Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Pictures: HA06Annona_senegalensis.jpg , Annona_senegalensis2.jpg , Annona_senegalensis1.jpg , Annona_senegalensis3.jpg
Symptoms: H(018), H(018), H(104), H(135)
Recipes: H(018), roots Euclea natalensis (mutangule - thavha) in powder, put on incisions made on forehead, head is then tied with a branch of Annona
H(018) + H(135), roots Annona senegalensis, Combretum paniculatum (mukopo - kopo, gopo - gopo), , decoction (H2O) to prepare soft porridge, 2x / day
H(104) stomach, roots, Annona senegalensis, Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) maceration, VO.
H(104) stomach + spasms, roots, maceration, VO (3 - 4 x/ day)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: not registered

Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Official name: Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Family: Gentianaceae
Pictures: Anthocleista_grandiflora2.jpg , Anthocleista_grandiflora3.jpg , Anthocleista_grandiflora1.jpg
Symptoms: V(095)
Recipes: Vb(095) leaves of Albizia adianthifolia de Anthocleista grandiflora mixed with food
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mueneene (Luvenda)

Antidesma venosum E.Mey. ex Tul.
Official name: Antidesma venosum E.Mey. ex Tul.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Antidesma_venosum2.jpg , Antidesma_venosum3.jpg , Antidesma_venosum1.jpg
Symptoms: H(026), H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(026) dysmenorrhoea, roots decoction of Antidesma venosum, VO. 3 X / day
H(033) sterility, macération de racines de Antidesma venosum de Combretum paniculatum + Grewia microthyrsa in a light porridge, VO. 1X
H(033) sterility, roots macération of Antidesma venosum of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Zantedeschia aethiopica of Dichrostachys cinera, VO. 2 X /day during 1 week
H(101) menorragie, roots infusion of Antidesma venosum, VO. +to wash the vulva
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukwalakwali, mupulakhwali (Luvenda)

Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name: Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Pictures: Bridelia_micrantha3.jpg , Bridelia_micrantha2.jpg , HR08Bridelia_micrantha.jpg , HA21Bridelia_micrantha.jpg , Bridelia_micrantha1.jpg
Symptoms: H(004), H(103), H(112)
Recipes: H(004), bark Bridelia micrantha,Syzygium cordatum (mutu) + thorns Fagara davyi (munungu), decoction (H2O), wound exposed to steam, infected wounds
H(103) bark, maceration, rinse the oral cavity, toothache
H(112), bark, decoction, VO., to abort, 1 to 2 month foetus
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munzere (Luvenda)

Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name: Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family: Capparaceae
Synonyms: Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers.; Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Pictures: Capparis_tomentosa1.jpg , Capparis_tomentosa3.jpg , Capparis_tomentosa4.jpg , HA03Capparis_tomentosa.jpg , Capparis_tomentosa2.jpg
Symptoms: H(003), H(018), H(033), H(037), H(068), H(101)
Recipes: H(003), leave Aloe chabaudii cut with razor, warmed on fire and pressed on swollen area, swollen ankles + powder of Capparis tomentosa + Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) is rubbed on after treatment with Aloe
H(018), roots Capparis tomentosa + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Euclea natalensis (mutangule - thavha), Cympobogon marginatus (fungwi) + leaves Tagetes minuta, to burn, smoke inhalation
H(033), roots, decoction (H2O) for a porridge pour 7 days of Osyris lanceolata (mpeta) + Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius (A.Juss) Szyszyl. subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Berchemia discolor (munyee, munie) + Cassytha filiformis (luangalala)
H(037)tub, roots, decoction (H2O), VO + spider web + Asparagus falcatus (gundakhanga, govhakhanga), H(068), roots decoction (H2O) for porridge + Brakenridgea zanguebarica
H(101), root of Capparis tomentosa of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Berchemia discolor (muny ee munie) of Osyris lanceolata burned and vulva exposed to smoke (memorrhagia)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: gwambazi, muoba - dali (Luvenda)

Carica papaya L.
Official name: Carica papaya L.
Family: Caricaceae
Pictures: Carica_papaya6.jpg , Carica_papaya7.jpg , Carica_papaya3.jpg , Carica_papaya4.jpg , Carica_papaya_fa02075.jpg , Carica_papaya1.jpg , HA08Carica_papaya.jpg , HA05Carica_papaya.jpg , Carica_papaya11.jpg , Carica_papaya5.jpg , Carica_papaya2.jpg , Carica_papaya8.jpg , Carica_papaya9.jpg , Carica_papaya10.jpg
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100), roots Aloe chabaudii of Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) of Carica papaya of Citrus limon, decoction (H2O), VO + bath.
H(100) veneral disease), roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupapawe (Luvenda)

Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name: Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Carissa pubescens A. DC.; Carissa spinarum L.
Pictures: Carissa_edulis2.jpg , Carissa_edulis3.jpg , Carissa_edulis1.jpg , HA03Carissa_edulis.jpg
Symptoms: H(006), H(037), H(139)
Recipes: H(006) laxative child, , roots, decoction (H2O) VO
H(037)tub, roots, maceration, VO, 3x / day - - H(139), roots Carissa edulis, Xylopia parviflora (muvhula - vhusiku) + Heteromorpha arborescens (muthatha - vhanna), (to increase size ofpenis)
H(139), roots Carissa edulis, Securidaca longipedunculata (mpesu), maceration, promotes virility and potency
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: murungulu (Luvenda)

Cassia petersiana Bolle
Official name: Cassia petersiana Bolle
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Senna petersiana (Bolle) Lock
Pictures: Cassia_petersiana2.jpg , Cassia_petersiana3.jpg , Cassia_petersiana4.jpg , Cassia_petersiana1.jpg
Symptoms: H(082), H(099), H(103)
Recipes: H(082) asthma, roots, maceration, VO, 3X / day
H(099), decoction (H2O) roots + sheep or goat meet + Diospyros lycioides (muthala) + Euclea natalensis (mutangule-thavha)
H(103), roots decoction (H2O) to rinse the oral cavity
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munembenembe (Luvenda)

Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Codd
Official name: Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Codd
Family: Celastraceae
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(008), H(026), H(037), H(100), H(104), H(162y), H(179)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, H(026) dysmenorrhoea, H(104) stomach ache, roots infusion of Cassine transvaalensis, VO. 2 X / Day
H(006) laxative, decoction of barks and roots, VO.
H(006) laxative, H(104) male stomach ache, roots powder, maceration, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea, H(037) cough, roots infusion, VO.
H(007) diuretic, H(179) kidney (calculus), H(100) veneral diseases, H(162y) bladder illness, powder of barks + a very small quantities of the powdered beetle (Mylabris oculata) which is very poisonous, maceration, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulumapamana, mukuvhazwihi (Luvenda)

Cassytha filiformis L.
Official name: Cassytha filiformis L.
Family: Lauraceae
Synonyms: Cassytha guineensis Schum. & Thonn.
Pictures: Cassytha_filiformis4.jpg , HA01Cassytha_filiformis.jpg , Cassytha_filiformis3.jpg , Cassytha_filiformis1.jpg , Cassytha_filiformis2.jpg , Cassytha_filiformis5.jpg , Cassytha_filiformis6.jpg
Symptoms: H(033), H(187)
Recipes: H(033), roots, decoction (H2O) to prepare porridge for 7 days of Cassytha filiformis, Osyris lanceolata (mpeta) + Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius (A.Juss) Szyszyl. subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Berchemia discolor (munyee, munie) + Capparis tomentosa
H(033), roots, decoction (H2O) to prepare porridge, roots of Cassytha filiformis, Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) + Ximenia americana + Ximenia caffra
H(187) fontanel nw born, roots, powder, maceration, drunk 2 - 3 X / J,
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: luangalala (Luvenda)

Celtis africana Burm. f.
Official name: Celtis africana Burm. f.
Family: Ulmaceae
Pictures: Celtis_africana1.jpg , Celtis_africana3.jpg , Celtis_africana2.jpg
Symptoms: H(103)
Recipes: H(103) toothache due to mandibular and maxillar pains, bark of Celtis africana of Parinari curatellifolia, decoction, drops in eyes and hears
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mumvumvu (Luvenda)

Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family: Rutaceae
Pictures: Citrus_limon3.jpg , Citrus_limon1.jpg , Citrus_limon2.jpg , Citrus_limon4.jpg
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) veneral disease), roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
H(100), roots Albizia anthelmintica decoction (H2O) of Citrus limon, VO. and bath
H(100), roots Aloe chabaudii of Tabernaemontana elegans of Carica papaya of Citrus limon, decoction (H2O), VO + bath.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshikavhavhe (Luvenda)

Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Official name: Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Family: Ranunculaceae
Pictures: Clematis_brachiata682c.jpg , Clematis_brachiata3.jpg , Clematis_brachiata4.jpg , Clematis_brachiata5.jpg , Clematis_brachiata1.jpg
Symptoms: H(018)
Recipes: H(018), fresh leaf, smoke is inhaled
H(018), fresh leaf, decoction (H2O), VO. 1 teaspoon + smoke is inhaled
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshiumbeumbe (Luvenda)

Clerodendrum glabrum E. Mey.
Official name: Clerodendrum glabrum E. Mey.
Family: Labiatae
Pictures: Clerodendrum_glabrum1.jpg
Symptoms: H(012)
Recipes: H(012), root burned, ashes mixed with petroleum jelly, ointment on fractured bones
H(012), bark decoction (H2O)j used to apply on fractured bones
H(012), root , powder on incisions on fractured bones
H(012), bark burned, ashes mixed with fat, ointment after pulling bone straight with reeds and bandaged
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munukha-tshilongwe, mukwadi-kwati (Luvenda)

Colophospermum mopane (Benth.) J. Léonar
Official name: Colophospermum mopane (Benth.) J. Léonar
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Colophospermum mopane (J.Kirk ex Benth.) J.Kirk ex J.Léonard
Pictures: Colophospermum_mopane1.jpg , Colophospermum_mopane2.jpg
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104) stomach ache, leaves decoction of Colophospermum mopane, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupani (Luvenda)

Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.
Official name: Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.
Family: Combretaceae
Pictures: Combretum_erythrophyllum2.jpg , Combretum_erythrophyllum3.jpg , Combretum_erythrophyllum1.jpg
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, roots decoction of Combretum erythrophyllum, VO. 3 X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvuhu (Luvenda)

Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name: Combretum molle R. Br.
Family: Combretaceae
Synonyms: Combretum ankolense Bagshawe & Bak. f.; Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Pictures: Combretum_molle.jpg , HA03Combretum_molle.jpg
Symptoms: H(006), H(068)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, root, decoction (H2O) in porridge
H(006) laxative, root, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(068), root, decoction (H2O), VO,.
H(068), bark, decoction (H2O), VO 1X, worms
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mugwiti (Luvenda)

Combretum paniculatum Vent.
Official name: Combretum paniculatum Vent.
Family: Combretaceae
Pictures: Combretum_paniculatum2.jpg , Combretum_paniculatum3.jpg , Combretum_paniculatum4.jpg , Combretum_paniculatum5.jpg , Combretum_paniculatum1.jpg
Symptoms: H(008), H(018), H(033), H(051), H(135), H(157), H(187)
Recipes: H(008), leaves of Anogeissus leiocarpus, Combretum paniculatum, decoction (H2O) , to dilute, VO.
H(018) + H(135), roots Annona senegalensis, Combretum paniculatum (mukopo - kopo, gopo - gopo), , decoction (H2O) to prepare soft porridge, 2x / day
H(033), in porridge + roots decoction (H2O) Ehretia rigida + Combretum paniculatum (mukopo kopo, gopo - gopo) + Bauhinia galpinii (mutswiriri)
H(101) memorrhagia, roots decoction of Osyris lanceolata of Combretum paniculatum, mixed in porridge
H(157) H(051) child, barks of the underground part of Combretum paniculatum, leaves, barks of the underground part of Securinega virosa, ripe fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, to carbonize, powder, scarifications
H(187) fontanels, roots, decoction , porridge + Combretum paniculatum
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukopo-kopo, gopo-gopo (Luvenda)

Commiphora merkei Engl.
Official name: Commiphora merkei Engl.
Family: Burseraceae
Symptoms: H(139)
Recipes: H(139), roots decoction (H2O) or infusion, VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutonyombidi (Luvenda)

Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Official name: Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Family: Araliaceae
Pictures: Cussonia_spicata3.jpg , Cussonia_spicata1.jpg , Cussonia_spicata2.jpg
Symptoms: H(006), H(007)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, H(007) diuretic, decoction of roots of Cussonia spicata, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musenzhz (Luvenda)

Dicerocaryum zanguebaricum (Lour.) Merr.
Official name: Dicerocaryum zanguebaricum (Lour.) Merr.
Family: Pedaliaceae
Symptoms: H(022), H(030)
Recipes: H(022), leaf, infusion, VO.
H(030), leaf, infusion, VO., expulsion of placenta and easy delivery
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: museto (Luvenda)

Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name: Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Dichrostachys_glomerata7.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata3.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata5.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata6.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata1.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata8.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata9.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata10.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata11.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata2.jpg , Dichrostachys_glomerata4.jpg
Symptoms: H(001), H(003), H(004), H(033), H(118)
Recipes: H(001), maceration leaves, drops in eyes
H(003),roots burned and the ash is used to cover incisions made on dislocated joints, H(004), pods, burned, mixt in a petroleum jelly, on wounds + roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) + fruit Solanum aculeastrum
H(033), roots Dichrostachys cinerea, Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + Zantedeschia aethiopica (ndalunwepi) + Antidesma venosum (mukwala - kwali, mupalakhwali), maceration is drunk twice a day for one week
H(118), roots, decoc, VO.,2X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: murenzhe (Luvenda)

Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Official name: Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Family: Ebenaceae
Pictures: Diospyros_mespiliformis2.jpg , HA06Diospyros_mespiliformis.jpg , HA06Diospyros_mesp.jpg , Diospyros_mespiliformis1.jpg
Symptoms: H(014), H(018), H(037), H(187),
Recipes: H(014) mycosis, fruit, burned, ashes on scarifications on skull
H(018), seeds, decoction, VO or used to prepare soft porridge
H(037) cough, bark, decoction, VO
H(037) cough, bark, decoction, VO, 3x / day
H(037) cough, bark, decoction, VO, 3x / day + Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
H(187) fontanels, roots, decoction , porridge + Combretum paniculatum
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musuma (Luvenda)

Ehretia rigida Druce
Official name: Ehretia rigida Druce
Family: Boraginaceae
Pictures: Ehretia_rigida1.jpg , Ehretia_rigida2.jpg
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033), in porridge + roots decoction (H2O) Ehretia rigida + Combretum paniculatum (mukopo kopo, gopo - gopo) + Bauhinia galpinii (mutswiriri)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutepe (Luvenda)

Ekebergia capensis Sparrm.
Official name: Ekebergia capensis Sparrm.
Family: Meliaceae
Synonyms: Ekebergia rueppelliana (Fresen.) A.Rich.
Pictures: Ekebergia_capensis1.jpg , Ekebergia_capensis2.jpg , Ekebergia_capensis3.jpg
Symptoms: H(015y), H(109)
Recipes: H(015y), bark, decoction (H2O), VO (every morning) + roots Diospyros lycioides (muthala)
H(109), maceration barks, enema during 2 day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutovuma (Luvenda)

Euphorbia cooperi N.E.Br. ex A.Berger
Official name: Euphorbia cooperi N.E.Br. ex A.Berger
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Euphorbia_cooperi1.jpg , Euphorbia_cooperi2.jpg , Euphorbia_cooperi3.jpg , Euphorbia_cooperi4.jpg
Symptoms: H(130)
Recipes: H(130) paralysis, burned roots of Euphorbia ingens of Euphorbia cooperi + thorn of any tree on swollen parts for 2 weeks, afterwards ashes of roots of Synadenium cupulare mixed with ashes of bones of snake (python), baboon + petroleuym jelly, applied on scarifications made on the paralysed site
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tuhikonde (Luvenda)

Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss.
Official name: Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Euphorbia_ingens1.jpg , Euphorbia_ingens2.jpg , Euphorbia_ingens3.jpg , Euphorbia_ingens4.jpg , Euphorbia_ingens5.jpg
Symptoms: H(003), H(008), H(130)
Recipes: H(003) swollen ankles, roots of Euphorbia ingens of Synadenium cupulare of Brackenridgea zanguebarica + snake bones and petroleum jelly, to burn and ashes rubbed on swollen ankles
H(008) diarrhoea, roots of Euphorbia ingens, decoction in a soft porridge
H(130) paralysis, burned roots of Euphorbia ingens of Euphorbia cooperi + thorn of any tree on swollen parts for 2 weeks, afterwards ashes of roots of Synadenium cupulare mixed with ashes of bones of snake (python), baboon + petroleuym jelly, applied on scarifications made on the paralysed site
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukonde (Luvenda)

Ficus capensis Thunb.
Official name: Ficus capensis Thunb.
Family: Moraceae
Synonyms: Ficus sur Forssk.
Pictures: Ficus_capensis2.jpg , Ficus_capensis3.jpg , HA03Ficus_capensis.jpg , Ficus_capensis1.jpg
Symptoms: H(008), H(037)
Recipes: H(008), root Ficus sur, Gyrocarpus americanus (mudzhoudzhou), decoction (H2O), VO.
H(037)tub, infusion fruit Ficus sur, Ficus sycomorus , VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muhuyu-ngala (Luvenda)

Ficus sycomorus L.
Official name: Ficus sycomorus L.
Family: Moraceae
Synonyms: Ficus damarensis Engl.
Pictures: Ficus_sycomorus3.jpg , Ficus_sycomorus2.jpg , Ficus_sycomorus1.jpg
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis, infusion fruit Ficus sycomorus, Ficus capensis, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muhuyu-lukuse (Luvenda)

Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel
Official name: Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel
Family: Iridaceae
Pictures: Gladiolus_dalenii1.jpg , Gladiolus_dalenii3.jpg , Gladiolus_dalenii2.jpg
Symptoms: H(001), H(053)
Recipes: H(001), bulb, maceration used as eye drops
H(004), bulb Gladiolus dalenii + roots Gyrocarpus americanus (mudzhoudzhou), decoction, to wash the wound, powder to cover the wound
H(053), bulb, maceration used as ear drops
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: phende - phende (Luvenda)

Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels
Official name: Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels
Family: Annonaceae
Synonyms: Uvaria monopetala A. Richard.
Pictures: Hexalobus_monopetalus.jpg , HA03Hexalobus_monopetalus.jpg , Hexalobus_monopetalus2.jpg
Symptoms: H(004)
Recipes: H(004), roots cooked, local application
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muhuhuma (Luvenda)

Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Official name: Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Indigofera_arrecta1.jpg , Indigofera_arrecta2.jpg , HA05Indigofera_arrecta.jpg
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis child, roots, maceration VO., 2 X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muswiswa (Luvenda)

Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family: Bignoniaceae
Synonyms: Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.; Kigelia aculifolia Engl. ex Sprague
Pictures: Kigelia_africana3.jpg , Kigelia_africana1.jpg , Kigelia_africana2.jpg , HA06Kig_africana.jpg
Symptoms: H(139)
Recipes: H(139), scarifications on penis and fruit juice rubbed on the wound
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvevha (Luvenda)

Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl. var stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro
Official name: Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl. var stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro
Family: Anacardiaceae
Synonyms: Lannea stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl.
Pictures: Lannea_schweinfurthii_var_stuhlmannii4.jpg , Lannea_schweinfurthii_var_stuhlmannii1.jpg , Lannea_schweinfurthii_var_stuhlmannii2.jpg , Lannea_schweinfurthii_var_stuhlmannii3.jpg
Symptoms: H(099)
Recipes: H(099), sedative, roots powder of Lannea stuhlmannii in food
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: milivhadza (Luvenda)

Lantana camara L.
Official name: Lantana camara L.
Family: Verbenaceae
Synonyms: Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Pictures: Lantana_camara7.jpg , Lantana_camara_fa06016.jpg , Lantana_camara2.jpg , Lantana_camara4.jpg , Lantana_camara6.jpg , HA01Lantana_camara.jpg , Lantana_camara_fa06017.jpg , Lantana_camara1.jpg , Lantana_camara3.jpg , Lantana_camara5.jpg
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001), fresh leaves, maceration, drops in eyes
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshidzimba-mbule (Luvenda)

Lantana rugosa Thunb.
Official name: Lantana rugosa Thunb.
Family: Verbenaceae
Pictures: Lantana_rugosa1.jpg , Lantana_rugosa2.jpg , Lantana_rugosa3.jpg
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001), fresh leaves, maceration, drops in eyes
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshidzimba-vhalisa (Luvenda)

Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Official name: Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Family: Myrsinaceae
Pictures: Maesa_lanceolata2.jpg , Maesa_lanceolata1.jpg
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) sterility, roots of Adenia gummifera of Nymphea capensis of roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata of bark Piper capense of roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction (H2O), VO. 3X / day during 1 month
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muunguri (Luvenda)

Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name: Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family: Celastraceae
Synonyms: Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Pictures: Maytenus_senegalensis3.jpg , HA03Maytenus _senegal.jpg , Maytenus_senegalensis1.jpg , Maytenus_senegalensis2.jpg
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, roots Maytenus senegalensis + Ximenia caffra, decoction (H2O), VO, 1 glass / 5day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshiphandwa (Luvenda)

Mentha aquatica L.
Official name: Mentha aquatica L.
Family: Lamiaceae
Pictures: Mentha_aquatica1.jpg , Mentha_aquatica2.jpg , Mentha_aquatica3.jpg
Symptoms: H(001), H(201)
Recipes: H(001), leaves dipped in water in handkerchief, squeezed inti eyes to treat sore and itchy eyes
H(201), leaves Mentha aquatica, Tagetes minutaburned and smoke is inhaled 2x / day + powder in porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mpuyuyu (Luvenda)

Musa paradisiaca L.
Official name: Musa paradisiaca L.
Family: Musaceae
Pictures: Musa_paradisiaca1.jpg , Musa_paradisiaca3.jpg , Musa_paradisiaca2.jpg , HA05Musa_paradisiaca.jpg
Symptoms: H(034)
Recipes: H(034), fruit of Musa paradisiaca, thorns Dovalys caffra, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(034) heart disorder, thorns of Acacia karroo, fruits of Musa paradisiaca, decoction, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muomva (Luvenda)

Ocimum americanum L.
Official name: Ocimum americanum L.
Family: Lamiaceae
Synonyms: Ocimum canum Sims.
Pictures: HA01Ocimum_canum.jpg , Ocimum_americanum3.jpg , Ocimum_americanum1.jpg , Ocimum_americanum2.jpg
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness, maceration of leaves of Ocimum canum, eyes drops
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: bunganyunyu (Luvenda)

Oncoba spinosa Forssk.
Official name: Oncoba spinosa Forssk.
Family: Flacourtiaceae
Pictures: Oncoba_spinosa2.jpg , Oncoba_spinosa3.jpg , Oncoba_spinosa4.jpg , Oncoba_spinosa1.jpg
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) stérilité, maceration of roots of Oncoba spinosa in soft porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutuzwu (Luvenda)

Opuntia vulgaris Mill.
Official name: Opuntia vulgaris Mill.
Family: Cactaceae
Pictures: Opuntia_vulgaris1.jpg , Opuntia_vulgaris2.jpg
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Opuntia vulgaris of Psidium guajava, decoction, VO. 2X / Day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mudoro (Luvenda)

Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Official name: Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Family: Santalaceae
Synonyms: Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steudel
Symptoms: H(033), H(100), H(101)
Recipes: H(033), roots, decoction to prepare porridge, roots of Maerua caffra of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius of Tabernaemontana elegans of Ximenia americana of Cassytha filiformis
H(033) sterility, roots of Adenia gummifera of Nymphea capensis of roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata of bark Piper capense of roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction (H2O), VO. 3X / day during 1 month
H(100) veneral diseases, roots decoction of Osyris lanceolata of Adansonia digitata, VO.
H(101), burned roots of Osyris lanceolata, vulva exposed to smokes for 3 nights
H(101), root of Capparis tomentosa of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Berchemia discolor (muny ee munie) of Osyris lanceolata, burned and vulva exposed to smoke (memorrhagia)
H(101) memorrhagia, roots powder of Osyris lanceolata of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Cassytha filiformis of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius ssp. galphimiifolius of Ximenia americana of Ximenia caffra, mixed in porridge during 3 days
H(101) memorrhagia, roots decoction of Osyris lanceolata of Combretum paniculatum, mixed in porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mpeta (Luvenda)

Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Official name: Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Family: Chrysobalanaceae
Synonyms: Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth. subsp. mobola (Oliv.) R. A. Graham
Pictures: Parinari_curatellifolia2.jpg , Parinari_curatellifolia1.jpg
Symptoms: H(100), H(103)
Recipes: H(100) veneral disease), roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
H(103), bark of Parinari curatellifolia, decoction (H2O), gargle
H(103) toothache due to mandibular and maxillar pains, bark of Celtis africana of Parinari curatellifolia, decoction, drops in eyes and hears
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvhula (Luvenda)

Peltophorum africanum Sond
Official name: Peltophorum africanum Sond
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Peltophorum_africanum1.jpg , Peltophorum_africanum2.jpg , Peltophorum_africanum3.jpg , Peltophorum_africanum4.jpg
Symptoms: H(001), H(013), H(037), H(101), H(103)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness, barks of Peltophorum africanum of Rauvolfia caffra, steam bark under a blanket
H(013)rash of the tongue in small chideren, decoction of bark, VO.
H(037) cough , barks decoction, VO.
H(100), veneral diseases, infusion of roots of Terminalia sericea of Peltophorum africanum of Ximenia caffra, barks of Pterocarpus angolensis, VO.

H(101) menorrhagia, pouder of the whole plant, decoction, VO. + to wash the vulva
H(103), sores, ulcers, blisters of the mouth, powder of roots, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musese (Luvenda)

Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name: Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Pictures: Piliostigma_thonningii1.jpg , Piliostigma_thonningii2.jpg , HA03Piliostigma_ thonningii.jpg , Piliostigma_thonningii3.jpg
Symptoms: H(068), H(100)
Recipes: H(068) bilharziosis, roots + barks , decoction (H2O), VO + Faurea saligna (mutango)
H(100), roots + barks , decoction (H2O), VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukulokota (Luvenda)

Piper capense L. f.
Official name: Piper capense L. f.
Family: Piperaceae
Pictures: HR08Piper_capense.jpg , Piper_capense2.jpg
Symptoms: H(004), H(004), H(004), H(033)
Recipes: H(004), bark, powder mixed to "petroleum jelly", local applic.
H(004)throat, bark, maceration, VO.
H(004)tongue, bark, maceration, VO.
H(033), roots Adenia gummifera , Nymphea capensis (murambodane) + roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata + bark Piper capense + roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction, VO. 3X / day during 1 month
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulilwe (Luvenda)

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia Pax
Official name: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia Pax
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Pseudolachnostylis_maprouneifolia1.jpg , Pseudolachnostylis_maprouneifolia2.jpg , Pseudolachnostylis_maprouneifolia3.jpg
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, bark Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia, Diospyros mespiliformis, decoction (H2O), VO, 3x / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutondowa (Luvenda)

Psidium guajava L.
Official name: Psidium guajava L.
Family: Myrtaceae
Pictures: Psidium_guajava2.jpg , Psidium_guajava4.jpg , Psidium_guajava3.jpg , Psidium_guajava5.jpg , HA06Psidium_guajava.jpg , Psidium_guajava1.jpg
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Opuntia vulgaris of Psidium guajava, decoction, VO. 2X / Day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mugwavha (Luvenda)

Pterocarpus angolensis DC.
Official name: Pterocarpus angolensis DC.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Pterocarpus_angolensis1.jpg , Pterocarpus_angolensis2.jpg , Pterocarpus_angolensis3.jpg , Pterocarpus_angolensis4.jpg
Symptoms: H(015), H(018), H(068), H(100), H(101), H(116), H(156), H(187)
Recipes: H(015) haematuria, bark, decoction, VO.
H(018), roots, maceration, VO.
H(068)bilh, barks+ 2 species ?
- H(100) gono, bark, decoction, VO.
H(100), bark, infusion, VO, + roots of Terminalia sericea (mususu), Peltophorum africanum (musese), Ximenia caffra
H(101), bark, decoction, porridge, 3X / day + roots Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu)
H(116), roots , + thorns Dovyalis caffra (mutunu) + roots Albizia brevifolia (mutsilari) + roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi), powder is applied to underwear
H(156), whooping cough, fruit, burned and eaten with honey for 3 days
H(187) fontanels new born, roots, infusion powder, VO, 2-3 X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutondo (Luvenda)

Rauvolfia caffra Sond.
Official name: Rauvolfia caffra Sond.
Family: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Rauvolfia macrophylla Stapf
Pictures: Rauvolfia_caffra2.jpg , Rauvolfia_caffra1.jpg
Symptoms: H(001), H(099)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness, barks of Peltophorum africanum of Rauvolfia caffra, steam bark under a blanket
H(099) épilepsy, to bath and to inhale smoke
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munadzi (Luvenda)

Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Official name: Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Family: Vitaceae
Synonyms: Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Pictures: Rhoicissus_tridentata2.jpg , Rhoicissus_tridentata.jpg , HR08Rhoicissus_tridentata.jpg
Symptoms: H(033), H(077), H(104), H(187)
Recipes: H(033), root, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(077) child, leaves dried, maceration., VO.
H(104) childs, root, powder in porridge
H(187) fontanels nw born, roots, maceration, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutumbula-mbudzana (Luvenda)

Rhus lancea L.f.
Official name: Rhus lancea L.f.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Pictures: Rhus_lancea4.jpg , Rhus_lancea5.jpg , Rhus_lancea1.jpg , Rhus_lancea2.jpg , Rhus_lancea3.jpg
Symptoms: H(013), H(037)
Recipes: H(013) papules and pustules, leaves of Rhus Lancea , decoction, bath, VO.
H(037) cough, leaves , decoction, VO. + vapours inhaled under blanket
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mushakaladra (Luvenda)

Ricinus communis L.
Official name: Ricinus communis L.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms: Ricinus vulgaris Mill.
Pictures: Ricinus_communis2.jpg , HA06Ricinus_communis.jpg , Ricinus_communis_fa04042.jpg , Ricinus_communis_fa04044.jpg , Ricinus_communis.jpg , Ricinus_communis_fa04039.jpg
Symptoms: H(006), H(037), H(053), H(068), H(091)
Recipes: H(006), fruit powder, VO.
H(037) cough, fruit, powder eaten with porridge, will cause diarrhoea and emesis but will cure cough
H(053), oil squeezed into the ear, earache
H(068)tape worms & roundworms, fruit + seeds Croton megalobotrys, macerationj, VO.
H((091), seeds, oil rubbed on incisions made on body, tonic
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupfure (Luvenda)

Sclerocarya caffra Sond.
Official name: Sclerocarya caffra Sond.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Pictures: Sclerocarya_caffra1.jpg
Symptoms: H(113), H(103)
Recipes: H(113) backache, bark, decoction (H2O), VOH(103)teethache, bark, decoction (H2O), mouth bath
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mufula (Luvenda)

Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name: Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family: Polygalaceae
Pictures: HA05Securidaca_longipedunculata.jpg , Securidaca_longipedunculata3.jpg , Securidaca_longipedunculata2.jpg , Securidaca_longipedunculata1.jpg
Symptoms: H(037), H(100), H(109), H(112x), H(139)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis, roots, decoction, VO.
H(100) gono.r., bark + roots, decoction, VO.
H(109), roots, infusion, VO.
H(109), roots, decoction, VO., 3X / D
H(112x), roots, decoction, VO.
H(139), root maceration VO. ,+ root Carissa edulis (mpesu), promotes virility and potency
H(139), root, VO., + crystallized urine of baboon, aphrodisiac and increase virility
H(139), root, decoction, VO., aphrodisiac
H(139), root maceration VO. , + seeds Phragmites australis (lutanga) + roots Mundulea sericea (mukunda-ndov), aphrodisiac
H(139), root of Securidaca longipedunculata of Fagara davyi (munungu), infusion, VO.,
H(139), root, powder in sorgho beer, VO., + roots Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + roots Garcinia livingstonei (muphiphi, mupimbi), impotency
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mpesu (Luvenda)

Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name: Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family: Solanaceae
Synonyms: Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Pictures: Solanum_aculeastrum1.jpg
Symptoms: H(004),
Recipes: H(004), fruit Solanum aculeastrum, burned, mixt in a petroleum jelly, on wounds + roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) + pods Dichrostachys cinerea ... subsp. africana ..
H(004), burned, mixt in a petroleum jelly, on wounds
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: shulwa, murulwa (Luvenda)

Solanum panduriforme Drege ex Dun.
Official name: Solanum panduriforme Drege ex Dun.
Family: Solanaceae
Pictures: Solanum_panduriforme3.jpg , Solanum_panduriforme1.jpg , Solanum_panduriforme4.jpg , Solanum_panduriforme2.jpg
Symptoms: H(018), H(104)
Recipes: H(018), powder of burned fruits of Solanum panduriforme, scarifications on forehead
H(104) stomach, bark of Trichilia emetica, root Solanum panduraeforme decoction of VO
H(104) gastro-intestinal pains in childeren chez les enfants, maceration of roots, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mututulwa (Luvenda)

Spirostachys africana Sond.
Official name: Spirostachys africana Sond.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Spirostachys_africana1.jpg
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(108) flu, cold, H(103) gum bleeding, wood and barks of Spirostachys africana, smoke of burning wood is inhaled
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muonze (Luvenda)

Strychnos decussata (Pappe) Gilg
Official name: Strychnos decussata (Pappe) Gilg
Family: Strychnaceae
Pictures: Strychnos_decussata1.jpg
Symptoms: H(020)
Recipes: H(020) snake, roots decoction de racines of Strychnos decussata, VO. + roots powder on bite
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukangala (Luvenda)

Synadenium cupulare (Boiss.) L.C.Wheeler
Official name: Synadenium cupulare (Boiss.) L.C.Wheeler
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Synadenium_cupulare1 , Synadenium_cupulare2 , Synadenium_cupulare3 , Synadenium_cupulare4 , Synadenium_cupulare5
Symptoms: H(003), H(130)
Recipes: H(003) swollen ankles, roots of Euphorbia ingens of Synadenium cupulare of Brackenridgea zanguebarica + snake bones and petroleum jelly, to burn and ashes rubbed on swollen ankles
H(008) diarrhoea, roots of Euphorbia ingens, decoction in a soft porridge
H(130) paralysis, burned roots of Euphorbia ingens of Euphorbia cooperi + thorn of any tree on swollen parts for 2 weeks, afterwards ashes of roots of Synadenium cupulare mixed with ashes of bones of snake (python), baboon + petroleuym jelly, applied on scarifications made on the paralysed site
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muswoswo (Luvenda)

Syzygium cordatum Hochst. in C.Krauss
Official name: Syzygium cordatum Hochst. in C.Krauss
Family: Myrtaceae
Pictures: Syzygium_cordatum3.jpg , Syzygium_cordatum2.jpg , Syzygium_cordatum4.jpg , Syzygium_cordatum5.jpg , Syzygium_cordatum1.jpg
Symptoms: H(004), H(018), H(116)
Recipes: H(004), bark Syzygium cordatum, Bridelia micrantha + thorns Fagara davyi (munungu), decoction, wound exposed to steam, infected wounds
H(018), roots burned, ashes on cuts on the fronthead
H(116), roots, maceration, VO., 2X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutu (Luvenda)

Tagetes minuta L.
Official name: Tagetes minuta L.
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Tagetes_minuta2.jpg , Tagetes_minuta3.jpg , Tagetes_minuta4.jpg , Tagetes_minuta5.jpg , Tagetes_minuta1.jpg
Symptoms: H(018), H(036), H(201)
Recipes: H(018), roots Capparis tomentosa + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Euclea natalensis (mutangule - thavha), Cympobogon marginatus (fungwi) + leaves Tagetes minuta, burned and smoke is inhaled
H(036), leaf burned and smoke is inhaled
H(201), leaves Mentha aquatica, Tagetes minuta burned and smoke is inhaled 2x / day + powder in porridge
H(201), leaf burned and smoke is inhaled + scarifications with ashes of Kalanchoe brachyloba + Crustacea isopoda on forehead, troat and sternum + venesection
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mushushathuri, mukakambanzhe(Luvenda)

Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC.
Official name: Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC.
Family: Combretaceae
Pictures: Terminalia_sericea2.jpg , Terminalia_sericea3.jpg , Terminalia_sericea4.jpg , Terminalia_sericea5.jpg , Terminalia_sericea1.jpg
Symptoms: H(008), H(100),
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, roots decoction of Terminalia sericea in soft porridge
H(100) veneral disease, roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
H(100), veneral diseases, infusion of roots of Terminalia sericea of Peltophorum africanum of Ximenia caffra, barks of Pterocarpus angolensis, VO.
H(101) memorrhagia, maceration of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera, VO. 3 X / Jour
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mususu (Luvenda)

Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Official name: Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Family: Rutaceae
Synonyms: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Pictures: Toddalia_aculeata2.jpg , Toddalia_aculeata3.jpg , Toddalia_aculeata4.jpg , Toddalia_aculeata1.jpg
Symptoms: H(034), H(091), H(109)
Recipes: H(034), bark, decoction, VO., 2X / day
H(091) baby, dry leaves, maeration, VO., 1 spoon 3X / day
H(109), bark, decoction, VO., 2X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: gwambazi (Luvenda)

Trichilia emetica Vahl
Official name: Trichilia emetica Vahl
Family: Meliaceae
Synonyms: Trichilia roka (Forssk.) Chiov; Trichilia emetica Vahl subsp. emetica
Pictures: Trichilia_emetica2.jpg , Trichilia_emetica3.jpg , Trichilia_emetica4.jpg , Trichilia_emetica5.jpg , Trichilia_emetica1.jpg , HA03Trichilia_emetica.jpg , Trichilia_emetica6.jpg
Symptoms: H(006), H(031), H(068), H(104)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, bark decoction, enema
H(031) male, bark decoction, enema to treat pains in waist, men only
H(068), bark decoction, VO., + root Bridelia mollis (mukumba-kumbane)
H(104) stomach, bark of Trichilia emetica, root Solanum panduraeforme decoction of VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutshikili (Luvenda)

Ximenia americana L.
Official name: Ximenia americana L.
Family: Olacaceae
Pictures: Ximenia_americana1.jpg , Ximenia_americana2.jpg , Ximenia_americana3.jpg , HA06Ximenia_americana.jpg
Symptoms: H(015y), H(033)
Recipes: H(015y), root, infus, VO., 2X / day
H(033), roots, decoction to prepare porridge, roots of Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) + Ximenia caffra + Cassytha filiformis
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutanzwa - tanzwane(Luvenda)

Ximenia caffra Sond.
Official name: Ximenia caffra Sond.
Family: Olacaceae
Synonyms: Ximenia americana L. var. caffra (Sond.) Engl.; Ximenia americana L. var. tomentosa Engl.
Pictures: Ximenia_caffra1.jpg , Ximenia_caffra2.jpg , Ximenia_caffra3.jpg , Ximenia_caffra4.jpg
Symptoms: H(001), H(018), H(033), H(037), H(100), H(101), H(135)
Recipes: H(001), roots of Maerua caffra , powder, maceration, drops in eyes
H(018) + H(135), roots of Ximenia americana of Maerua caffra, RNS
H(033), roots, decoction to prepare a porridge of roots of Maerua caffra of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius of Tabernaemontana elegans of Ximenia americana of Cassytha filiformis
H(033) sterility, 1/2 spoon of roots powder of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera of Tabernaemontana elegans of Euclea natalensis of Ximenia caffra in porridge every morning after drinking a maceration of seeds of Croton megalobotrys
H(037) cough, roots Ximenia caffra + Maytenus senegalensis, decoction, VO, 1 glass / 5 days
H(100) veneral diseases, infusion of roots of Terminalia sericea of Peltophorum africanum , bark Pterocarpus angolensis, VO.
H(100), roots, maceration, VO. + Catharanthus roseus (liluvha)
H(101) memorrhagia, roots powder of Osyris lanceolata of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Cassytha filiformis of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius ssp. galphimiifolius of Ximenia americana of Ximenia caffra, mixed in porridge during 3 days
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutanzwa (Luvenda)

Zanthoxylum davyi (I.Verd.) P.G.Waterman
Official name: Zanthoxylum davyi (I.Verd.) P.G.Waterman
Family: Rutaceae
Synonyms: Fagara davyi I.Verd.
Pictures: Zanthoxylum_davyi1.jpg , Zanthoxylum_davyi2.jpg
Symptoms: H(004), H(037), H(076), H(100), H(118), H(139)
Recipes: H(004) infected wound, bark Bridelia micrantha,Syzygium cordatum (mutu) + thorns Fagara davyi (munungu), decoction (H2O), wound exposed to steam, infected wounds
H(037) chest desease , roots decoction , VO 3 X / day during 3days
H(076) mouth ulcerus, roots decoction,mouth wash
H(100) veneral desease, roiots decoction of Fagara davyi of Albizia versicolor ofCombretum molle of Fagara davyi, VO. 3 the spoon day
H(118) sore throat, décoction de racines, VO. ou poudre de racines avalée (swalowed)
H(118)sore throat, roots infusion , reduce in ashes, gargle
H(139) aphrodisiac, roots of Fagara davyi of Securidaca longepedunculata, infusion, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munungu (Luvenda)

Ziziphus mucronata Willd.
Official name: Ziziphus mucronata Willd.
Family: Rhamnaceae
Pictures: Ziziphus_mucronata4.jpg , Ziziphus_mucronata1.jpg , Ziziphus_mucronata2.jpg , Ziziphus_mucronata3.jpg
Symptoms: H(033), H(101, 2), H(137)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, 1/2 tea spoon of powde of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera of Tabernaemontana elegans of Euclea natalensis of Ximenia caffra in porridge every morning after drinking a maceration of seeds of Croton megalobotrys
H(101) memorrhagia, maceration of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera, VO. 3 X / Jour
H(101) memorrhagia, decoction of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Tabernaemontana elegans to prepare a soft porridge
H(137) general body pains, roots decoction of Ziziphus mucronata to prepare a soft porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutahetahete (Luvenda)