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Reference HA 22 has information about 154 plants

Reference: HA 22
Author: Arnold, H.-J. & M. Gulumian
Title: Pharmacopoeia of traditional medicine in Venda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 12, pp. 35 -74, (1984) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874184900862

Acacia karroo Hayne
Official name: Acacia karroo Hayne
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(178)
Recipes: H(178) heart disorder, thorns of Acacia karroo, fruits of Musa paradisiaca, decoction, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muunga (Luvenda)

Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Official name: Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Family: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Acokanthera venenata auct.
Symptoms: H(101)
Recipes: H(101) prolonged menstruation, unhalation of smoke of wood of Acokanthera oppositifolia
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutsilili (Luvenda)

Adansonia digitata L.
Official name: Adansonia digitata L.
Family: Bombacaceae
Synonyms: Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100), barks of Adansonia digitata of Ossyris lanceolata (mpeta) decoction (H2O) , VO
H(100), roots decoction (H2O) , RNS., VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvhuyu (Luvenda)

Adenia digitata (Harv.) Engl.
Official name: Adenia digitata (Harv.) Engl.
Family: Passifloraceae
Symptoms: H(003)
Recipes: H(003) swollen legs, roots of Adenia digitata, RNS
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: dundu (Venda)

Adenia gummifera (Harv.) Harms
Official name: Adenia gummifera (Harv.) Harms
Family: Passifloraceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(033) sterility, roots Adenia gummifera , Nymphea capensis (murambodane) + roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata + bark Piper capense + roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction (H2O) , VO. 3X / day during 1 month
H(101), roots Adenia gummifera of Xylopia parviflora (muvhula-vhusiku), decoction (H2O) , VO. + vaginal douche
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: bopha (Luvenda)

Afzelia quanzensis Welw.
Official name: Afzelia quanzensis Welw.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(020)
Recipes: H(020), bark of Afzelia quanzensis, decoction (H2O) , RNS
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutokota (Luvenda)

Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Official name: Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: V(095)
Recipes: Vb(095) leaves of Albizia adianthifolia de Anthocleista grandiflora mixed with food
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulela (Luvenda)

Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name: Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100), roots Albizia anthelmintica of Citrus limon decoction (H2O) , VO. and bath
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muime, mukuvhavha, dinda (Luvenda)

Albizia brevifolia Schinz
Official name: Albizia brevifolia Schinz
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(116)
Recipes: H(116) amenorrhoea, roots of Albizia brevifolia, RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mutsilari (Vhavenda)

Albizia brevifolia Schinz
Official name: Albizia brevifolia Schinz
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(116)
Recipes: H(116) amenorrhoea, thorns of Dovyalis caffra, roots of Albizia brevifoilia, roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica of Pterocarpus angolensis, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupalakhwali (Venda)

Albizia versicolor Welw. ex Oliv.
Official name: Albizia versicolor Welw. ex Oliv.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(001), H(004), H(068), H(100, 2), H(139)
Recipes: H(001) eyes diseases, H(139) aphrodisiac, H(068) bilharzia, H(004) wounds and sores, H(104) cleaning of stomach and blood, barks of Albizia versicolor, RNS
H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Combretum paniculatum of Albizia versicolor, ONS of Salix subserrata, RNS.
H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Zanthoxylum davyi of Combretum paniculatum, barks of Albizia versicolor, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutambapfunda, muvhambangoma (Venda)

Aloe chabaudii Schönl.
Official name: Aloe chabaudii Schönl.
Family: Aloaceae
Symptoms: H(003), H(015), H(100)
Recipes: H(003), leave Aloe chabaudii cut with razor, warmed on fire and pressed on swollen area, swollen ankles + powder of Capparis tomentosa of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) is rubbed on after treatment with Aloe
H(015), roots decoction (H2O) , porridge
H(100), roots Aloe chabaudii + Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) + Carica papaya + Citrus limon, decoction (H2O) , VO + bath.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshikhopha (Luvenda)

Amaranthus spinosus L.
Official name: Amaranthus spinosus L.
Family: Amaranthaceae
Symptoms: H(036)
Recipes: H(036), whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus, smoke, inhalation
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshithavhamisisi (Luvenda)

Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name: Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family: Annonaceae
Synonyms: Annona arenaria Thonn.; Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms: H(018), H(018), H(104), H(135)
Recipes: H(018), roots Euclea natalensis (mutangule - thavha) in powder, put on incisions made on forehead, head is then tied with a branch of Annona
H(018) + H(135), roots Annona senegalensis, Combretum paniculatum (mukopo - kopo, gopo - gopo), , decoction (H2O) to prepare soft porridge, 2x / day
H(104) stomach, roots, Annona senegalensis, Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) maceration, VO.
H(104) stomach + spasms, roots, maceration, VO (3 - 4 x/ day)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: not registered

Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Official name: Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Family: Gentianaceae
Symptoms: V(095)
Recipes: Vb(095) leaves of Albizia adianthifolia de Anthocleista grandiflora mixed with food
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mueneene (Luvenda)

Antidesma venosum E.Mey. ex Tul.
Official name: Antidesma venosum E.Mey. ex Tul.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(026), H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(026) dysmenorrhoea, roots decoction of Antidesma venosum, VO. 3 X / day
H(033) sterility, macération de racines de Antidesma venosum de Combretum paniculatum + Grewia microthyrsa in a light porridge, VO. 1X
H(033) sterility, roots macération of Antidesma venosum of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Zantedeschia aethiopica of Dichrostachys cinera, VO. 2 X /day during 1 week
H(101) menorragie, roots infusion of Antidesma venosum, VO. +to wash the vulva
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukwalakwali, mupulakhwali (Luvenda)

Artabotrys brachypetalus Benth.
Official name: Artabotrys brachypetalus Benth.
Family: Annonaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Artabotrys brachypetalus, RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mudzidzi (Vhavenda)

Artabotrys brachypetalus Benth.
Official name: Artabotrys brachypetalus Benth.
Family: Annonaceae
Symptoms: H(104), H(033, 4) H(139), H(201)
Recipes: H(104) stomach disorder, pelvic pain, H(139) aphrodisiac, H(201) magical protection, roots of Artabotrys brachypetalus, RNS.
H(033) infertility, roots of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Zantedeschia aethiopica of Garcinia livingstonei of Antidesma venosum of Cassytha filiformis, barks of Dichrostachys cinera, RNS.
H(033) infertility, roots of Capparis tomentosa of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Cassytha filiformis of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens of Osyris lanceolata bark of Berchemia discolor, RNS.
H(033) impotency, roots of Garcinia livingstonei of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS
H(033)infertility roots of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Capparis tomentosa of Maerua caffra of Cassytha filiformis of Osyris lanceolata, bark of Berchemia discolor, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mudzidzi, munna-mutswu (Venda)

Asparagus falcatus L.
Official name: Asparagus falcatus L.
Family: Asparagaceae
Symptoms: H(037), H(077), H(118)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis, roots of Capparis tomentosa of Protasparagus falcatus + spider web
H(118) sore throat, dysphagia, H(077) antiemetic, roots of Protasparagus falcatus , RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: govhakhanga (Venda)

Bauhinia fassoglensis Schweinf.
Official name: Bauhinia fassoglensis Schweinf.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(027y)
Recipes: H(027y) after childbirth (to treat uterus), roots of Bauhinia fassoglensis
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutama (Venda)

Bauhinia galpinii N. E. Br.
Official name: Bauhinia galpinii N. E. Br.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Bauhinia galpinii, RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: umhuwa (Zulu), mutswiriri (Vhavenda), pride of the Cape (English)

Bauhinia galpinii N. E. Br.
Official name: Bauhinia galpinii N. E. Br.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(008), H(033), H(104)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Bauhinia galpinii of Ehretia rigida of Combretum paniculatum, RNS
H(104) stomach diseases, spasm, H(008) diarrhoea, roots of Bauhinia galpinii, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutswiriri (Venda)

Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.
Official name: Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.
Family: Rhamnaceae
Synonyms: Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.
Symptoms: H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Berchemia discolor, RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: munyee (Vhavenda), wild almond (English)

Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.
Official name: Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.
Family: Rhamnaceae
Synonyms: Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Capparis tomentosa of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Cassytha filiformis of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens of Osyris lanceolata bark of Berchemia discolor, RNS.
H(101) menorrhagia, root and stem bark of Maerua caffra of Tabernaemontana elegans ; roots of Capparis tomentosa of Combretum paniculatum of Osyris lanceolata, fruit Berchemia discolor, RNS.
H(033) infertility, roots of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Capparis tomentosa of Maerua caffra of Cassytha filiformis of Osyris lanceolata, bark of Berchemia discolor, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munie (Venda)

Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv.
Official name: Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv.
Family: Ochnaceae
Symptoms: H(116)
Recipes: H(116) amenorrhoea, roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mutavhatsindi (Vhavenda)

Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv.
Official name: Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv.
Family: Ochnaceae
Symptoms: H(003), H(130), H(116), H(004) H(003) H(003), H(068)
Recipes: H(003) swollen ankle, H(130) paralysis, barks of Euphorbia ingens , roots of Synadenium cupulare, roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, RNS.
H(116) amenorrhoea, thorns of Dovyalis caffra, roots of Albizia brevifoilia , roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica of Pterocarpus angolensis, RNS.
H(004) wounds, fruits of Dichrostachys cinerea of Solanum aculeastrum, roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, RNS.
H(003) swollen ankles, leaves of Aloe chabaudii of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, barks of Euphorbia ingens, RNS.
H(003) swollen ankles, roots of Capparis tomentosa, roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, RNS.
H(068) worms, roots of Capparis tomentosa, roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, RNS
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: murambothavha (Venda)

Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name: Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms: H(004), H(027), H(103)
Recipes: H(004) infected wounds, barks of Bridelia micrantha, barks or roots of Syzygium cordatum, ONS of Salix subserrata, RNS.
H(004) infected wound, thorns of Zanthoxylum davyi, barks of Bridelia micrantha, barks of roots of Syzygium cordatum, RNS.
H(103) tooth ache, abortion (1 to 2 month)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munzere (Venda)

Bridelia mollis Hutch.
Official name: Bridelia mollis Hutch.
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068) worms, roots of Bridelia mollis, barks of Trichilia emetica, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukumbakumba (Venda)

Burkea africana Hook.
Official name: Burkea africana Hook.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(013), H(076), H(118)
Recipes: H(076) gums, blisters on tongue and H(118) sore throat,H(013) ulcers, barks of Burkea africana, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mufhulu (Venda)

Canthium mundianum Cham. & Schltdl.
Official name: Canthium mundianum Cham. & Schltdl.
Family: Rubiaceae
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104), abdominal pain, roots of Canthium mundianum
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutomboti (Venda)

Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name: Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family: Capparaceae
Synonyms: Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers.; Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms: H(003), H(018), H(033), H(037), H(068), H(101)
Recipes: H(003), leave Aloe chabaudii cut with razor, warmed on fire and pressed on swollen area, swollen ankles + powder of Capparis tomentosa + Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) is rubbed on after treatment with Aloe
H(018), roots Capparis tomentosa + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Euclea natalensis (mutangule - thavha), Cympobogon marginatus (fungwi) + leaves Tagetes minuta, to burn, smoke inhalation
H(033), roots, decoction (H2O) for a porridge pour 7 days of Osyris lanceolata (mpeta) + Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius (A.Juss) Szyszyl. subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Berchemia discolor (munyee, munie) + Cassytha filiformis (luangalala)
H(037)tub, roots, decoction (H2O), VO + spider web + Asparagus falcatus (gundakhanga, govhakhanga), H(068), roots decoction (H2O) for porridge + Brakenridgea zanguebarica
H(101), root of Capparis tomentosa of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Berchemia discolor (muny ee munie) of Osyris lanceolata burned and vulva exposed to smoke (memorrhagia)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: gwambazi, muoba - dali (Luvenda)

Carica papaya L.
Official name: Carica papaya L.
Family: Caricaceae
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100), roots Aloe chabaudii of Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) of Carica papaya of Citrus limon, decoction (H2O), VO + bath.
H(100) veneral disease), roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupapawe (Luvenda)

Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name: Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Carissa pubescens A. DC.; Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms: H(006), H(037), H(139)
Recipes: H(006) laxative child, , roots, decoction (H2O) VO
H(037)tub, roots, maceration, VO, 3x / day - - H(139), roots Carissa edulis, Xylopia parviflora (muvhula - vhusiku) + Heteromorpha arborescens (muthatha - vhanna), (to increase size ofpenis)
H(139), roots Carissa edulis, Securidaca longipedunculata (mpesu), maceration, promotes virility and potency
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: murungulu (Luvenda)

Cassia petersiana Bolle
Official name: Cassia petersiana Bolle
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Senna petersiana (Bolle) Lock
Symptoms: H(082), H(099), H(103)
Recipes: H(082) asthma, roots, maceration, VO, 3X / day
H(099), decoction (H2O) roots + sheep or goat meet + Diospyros lycioides (muthala) + Euclea natalensis (mutangule-thavha)
H(103), roots decoction (H2O) to rinse the oral cavity
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munembenembe (Luvenda)

Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Codd
Official name: Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Codd
Family: Celastraceae
Synonyms: Elaeodendron transvaalense (Burtt Davy) R. H. Archer
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(008), H(026), H(037), H(100), H(104), H(162y), H(179)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, H(026) dysmenorrhoea, H(104) stomach ache, roots infusion of Cassine transvaalensis, VO. 2 X / Day
H(006) laxative, decoction of barks and roots, VO.
H(006) laxative, H(104) male stomach ache, roots powder, maceration, VO.
H(008) diarrhoea,H(037) cough, roots infusion, VO.
H(007) diuretic, H(179) kidney (calculus), H(100) veneral diseases, H(162y) bladder illness, powder of barks + a very small quantities of the powdered beetle (Mylabris oculata) which is very poisonous, maceration, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulumapamana, mukuvhazwihi (Luvenda)

Cassytha filiformis L.
Official name: Cassytha filiformis L.
Family: Lauraceae
Synonyms: Cassytha guineensis Schum. & Thonn.
Symptoms: H(033, 2), H(101), H(187)
Recipes: H(033) favorise la reproduction, racines, décoction (H2O) sevant à préparer un porridge pour 7J de Osyris lanceolata (mpeta) + Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Berchemia discolor (munyee, munie) + Capparis tomentosa
H(033), racines, décoction (H2O) sevant à préparer un porridge , racines de Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) + Ximenia americana + Ximenia caffra
H(033) infertility, H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Cassytha filiformis, RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: luangalala (Vhavenda), false dodder (English)

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don
Official name: Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Catharanthus roseus of Ximenia caffra, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: liluvha (Venda)

Celtis africana Burm. f.
Official name: Celtis africana Burm. f.
Family: Ulmaceae
Symptoms: H(103)
Recipes: H(103) toothache due to mandibular and maxillar pains, bark of Celtis africana of Parinari curatellifolia, decoction, drops in eyes and hears
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mumvumvu (Luvenda)

Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family: Rutaceae
Synonyms: Citrus limonum Risso
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) veneral disease), roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
H(100), roots Albizia anthelmintica decoction (H2O) of Citrus limon, VO. and bath
H(100), roots Aloe chabaudii of Tabernaemontana elegans of Carica papaya of Citrus limon, decoction (H2O), VO + bath.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshikavhavhe (Luvenda)

Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Official name: Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Family: Ranunculaceae
Symptoms: H(018)
Recipes: H(018), fresh leaf, smoke is inhaled
H(018), fresh leaf, decoction (H2O), VO. 1 teaspoon + smoke is inhaled
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshiumbeumbe (Luvenda)

Clerodendrum glabrum E. Mey.
Official name: Clerodendrum glabrum E. Mey.
Family: Labiatae
Symptoms: H(012)
Recipes: H(012), root burned, ashes mixed with petroleum jelly, ointment on fractured bones
H(012)), bark decoction (H2O)j used to apply on fractured bones
H(012)), root , powder on incisions on fractured bones
H(012)), bark burned, ashes mixed with fat, ointment after pulling bone straight with reeds and bandaged
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munukha-tshilongwe, mukwadi-kwati (Luvenda)

Colophospermum mopane (Benth.) J. Léonar
Official name: Colophospermum mopane (Benth.) J. Léonar
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Colophospermum mopane (J.Kirk ex Benth.) J.Kirk ex J.Léonard
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104) stomach ache, leaves decoction of Colophospermum mopane, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupani (Luvenda)

Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.
Official name: Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.
Family: Combretaceae
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, roots decoction of Combretum erythrophyllum, VO. 3 X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvuhu (Luvenda)

Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name: Combretum molle R. Br.
Family: Combretaceae
Synonyms: Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms: H(006), H(068)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, root, decoction (H2O) in porridge
H(006) laxative, root, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(068), root, decoction (H2O), VO,.
H(068), bark, decoction (H2O), VO 1X, worms
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mugwiti (Luvenda)

Combretum paniculatum Vent.
Official name: Combretum paniculatum Vent.
Family: Combretaceae
Symptoms: H(008), H(018), H(033), H(051), H(135), H(157), H(187)
Recipes: H(008), leaves of Anogeissus leiocarpus, Combretum paniculatum, decoction (H2O) , to dilute, VO.
H(018) + H(135), roots Annona senegalensis, Combretum paniculatum (mukopo - kopo, gopo - gopo), , decoction (H2O) to prepare soft porridge, 2x / day
H(033), in porridge + roots decoction (H2O) Ehretia rigida + Combretum paniculatum (mukopo kopo, gopo - gopo) + Bauhinia galpinii (mutswiriri)
H(101) memorrhagia, roots decoction of Osyris lanceolata of Combretum paniculatum, mixed in porridge
H(157) H(051) child, barks of the underground part of Combretum paniculatum, leaves, barks of the underground part of Securinega virosa, ripe fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, to carbonize, powder, scarifications
H(187) fontanels, roots, decoction , porridge + Combretum paniculatum
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukopo-kopo, gopo-gopo (Luvenda)

Commiphora merkei Engl.
Official name: Commiphora merkei Engl.
Family: Burseraceae
Symptoms: H(139)
Recipes: H(139), roots decoction (H2O) or infusion, VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutonyombidi (Luvenda)

Croton megalobotrys Müll. Arg.
Official name: Croton megalobotrys Müll. Arg.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(006), H(051), H(068), H(092)
Recipes: H(006) purgative, seeds of Croton megalobotrys, RNS.
H(068) worms, seeds of Croton megalobotrys, fruits of Ricinus communis, RNS.
(5) H(051) paludism, H(092) fish poison, barks of Croton megalobotrys, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muruthu (Venda)

Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Official name: Cussonia spicata Thumb.
Family: Araliaceae
Symptoms: H(006), H(007)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, H(007) diuretic, decoction of roots of Cussonia spicata, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musenzhz (Luvenda)

Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr
Official name: Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(124)
Recipes: H(124) prevent excessive bleeding , barks of Dalbergia melanoxylon, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muuluri (Venda)

Dicerocaryum zanguebaricum (Lour.) Merr.
Official name: Dicerocaryum zanguebaricum (Lour.) Merr.
Family: Pedaliaceae
Symptoms: H(022), H(030)
Recipes: H(022), leaf, infusion, VO.
H(030), leaf, infusion, VO., expulsion of placenta and easy delivery
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: museto (Luvenda)

Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Official name: Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(001), H(004), H(012x), H(033), H(118)
Recipes: H(001) eyes diseases, leaves of Dichrostachys cinerea, RNS.
H(004) wounds, fruits of Dichrostachys cinerea of Solanum aculeastrum, roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, RNS.
H(012)x) dislocated joints, roots and stems barks of Dichrostachys cinerea, RNS
H(033) infertility, roots of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Zantedeschia aethiopica of Garcinia livingstonei of Antidesma venosum of Cassytha filiformis, barks of Dichrostachys cinera, RNS..
H(118) sore throat, roots and stems barks of Dichrostachys cinerea, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: murenzhe (Venda)

Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name: Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(001), H(003), H(004), H(033), H(118)
Recipes: H(001), maceration leaves, drops in eyes
H(003),roots burned and the ash is used to cover incisions made on dislocated joints, H(004), pods, burned, mixt in a petroleum jelly, on wounds + roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) + fruit Solanum aculeastrum
H(033), roots Dichrostachys cinerea, Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + Zantedeschia aethiopica (ndalunwepi) + Antidesma venosum (mukwala - kwali, mupalakhwali), maceration is drunk twice a day for one week
H(118), roots, decoc, VO.,2X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: murenzhe (Luvenda)

Diospyros lycioides Desf.
Official name: Diospyros lycioides Desf.
Family: Ebenaceae
Symptoms: H(008), H(015y), H(099)
Recipes: H(008) dysentery, barks of Ekebergia capensis of Diospyros lycioides, RNS
H(015y) blood in faece, roots of Diospyros lycioides
H(099) epilepsy, roots of Cassia petersiana of Diospyros lycloides of Eucla natalensis, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muthala (Venda)

Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Official name: Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Family: Ebenaceae
Symptoms: H(014), H(018), H(037), H(187),
Recipes: H(014) mycosis, fruit, burned, ashes on scarifications on skull
H(018), seeds, decoction, VO or used to prepare soft porridge
H(037) cough, bark, decoction, VO
H(037) cough, bark, decoction, VO, 3x / day
H(037) cough, bark, decoction, VO, 3x / day + Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
H(187) fontanels, roots, decoction , porridge + Combretum paniculatum
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musuma (Luvenda)

Ehretia rigida Druce
Official name: Ehretia rigida Druce
Family: Boraginaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033), in porridge + roots decoction (H2O) Ehretia rigida + Combretum paniculatum (mukopo kopo, gopo - gopo) + Bauhinia galpinii (mutswiriri)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutepe (Luvenda)

Ekebergia capensis Sparrm.
Official name: Ekebergia capensis Sparrm.
Family: Meliaceae
Synonyms: Ekebergia rueppelliana (Fresen.) A.Rich.
Symptoms: H(015y), H(109)
Recipes: H(015y), bark, decoction (H2O), VO (every morning) + roots Diospyros lycioides (muthala)
H(109), maceration barks, enema during 2 day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutovuma (Luvenda)

Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Official name: Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(112)
Recipes: H(112) abortifacient, roots of Elephantorrhiza burkei, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: musesevhufa (Vhavenda), umdabu (Zulu)

Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Official name: Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(112)
Recipes: H(112) miscarriage, roots of Elephantorrhiza burkei, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: gumululo, tshisesevhafu

Euclea natalensis A. DC.
Official name: Euclea natalensis A. DC.
Family: Ebenaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(112), H(116)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(112) abortifacient, H(116) amenorrhoea, roots of Euclea natalensis RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mutangule-thavha (Vhavenda), umzimane (Zulu), natal guarri (English)

Euclea natalensis A. DC.
Official name: Euclea natalensis A. DC.
Family: Ebenaceae
Symptoms: H(006), H(007), H(018), H(033), H(100), H(103), H(112), H(116), H(179)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, roots of Euclea natalensis, RNS.
H(007) diuretic, H(100) gonorrhea, H(103) toothache, H(112) abortion, H(116) amenorrhea, H(179), kidney stones, root barks, RNS.
H(018) headache, leaves of Tagetes minuta, roots of Capparis tomentosa of Cymbopogon marginatus
H(033) infertility roots Ziziphus mucronata of Tabernaemontana elegans, Terminalia sericera leaves, roots of Euclea natalensis Ximenia caffra, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutangule-thavha (Venda)

Euphorbia cooperi N.E.Br. ex A.Berger
Official name: Euphorbia cooperi N.E.Br. ex A.Berger
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(130)
Recipes: H(130) paralysis, burned roots of Euphorbia ingens of Euphorbia cooperi + thorn of any tree on swollen parts for 2 weeks, afterwards ashes of roots of Synadenium cupulare mixed with ashes of bones of snake (python), baboon + petroleuym jelly, applied on scarifications made on the paralysed site
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tuhikonde (Luvenda)

Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss.
Official name: Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(003), H(008), H(130)
Recipes: H(003) swollen ankles, roots of Euphorbia ingens of Synadenium cupulare of Brackenridgea zanguebarica + snake bones and petroleum jelly, to burn and ashes rubbed on swollen ankles
H(008) diarrhoea, roots of Euphorbia ingens, decoction in a soft porridge
H(130) paralysis, burned roots of Euphorbia ingens of Euphorbia cooperi + thorn of any tree on swollen parts for 2 weeks, afterwards ashes of roots of Synadenium cupulare mixed with ashes of bones of snake (python), baboon + petroleuym jelly, applied on scarifications made on the paralysed site
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukonde (Luvenda)

Faurea saligna Harv
Official name: Faurea saligna Harv
Family: Proteaceae
Symptoms: H(037), H(068), H(100)
Recipes: H(037) cough, roots of Faurea saligna, ONS of Tagetes minuta, roots of Combretum paniculatum, root or bark of Diospyros mespilformis of Lippia javanica, RNS.
H(100) veneral diseases, bilharzia, roots and barks of Piliostigma thonningii of Faurea saligna, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutango (Venda)

Ficus capensis Thunb.
Official name: Ficus capensis Thunb.
Family: Moraceae
Synonyms: Ficus sur Forssk.
Symptoms: H(008), H(037)
Recipes: H(008), root Ficus sur, Gyrocarpus americanus (mudzhoudzhou), decoction (H2O), VO.
H(037)tub, infusion fruit Ficus sur, Ficus sycomorus , VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muhuyu-ngala (Luvenda)

Ficus sycomorus L.
Official name: Ficus sycomorus L.
Family: Moraceae
Synonyms: Ficus damarensis Engl.; Ficus cocculifolia Baker
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis, infusion fruit Ficus sycomorus, Ficus capensis, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muhuyu-lukuse (Luvenda)

Garcinia livingstonei T. Anderson
Official name: Garcinia livingstonei T. Anderson
Family: Clusiaceae
Symptoms: H(001), H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Zantedeschia aethiopica of Garcinia livingstonei of Antidesma venosum of Cassytha filiformis, barks of Dichrostachys cinera, RNS.
H(001) eyes (watering ), leaves of Garcinia livingstonei, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muphiphi (Venda)

Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel
Official name: Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel
Family: Iridaceae
Symptoms: H(001), H(053)
Recipes: H(001), bulb, maceration used as eye drops
H(004), bulb Gladiolus dalenii + roots Gyrocarpus americanus (mudzhoudzhou), decoction, to wash the wound, powder to cover the wound
H(053), bulb, maceration used as ear drops
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: phende - phende (Luvenda)

Grewia microthyrsa K. Schum. ex Burret
Official name: Grewia microthyrsa K. Schum. ex Burret
Family: Tiliaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, ONS. of Grewia microthyrsa, RNS. (rregistered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mupfuka (Vhavenda)

Grewia microthyrsa K. Schum. ex Burret
Official name: Grewia microthyrsa K. Schum. ex Burret
Family: Tiliaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(139)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Grewia microthyrsa of Combretum paniculatum of Antidesma venosum, RNS
H(139) aphrodisiac, roots of Vangueria infausta of Securidaca longepedunculata of Grewia microthyrsa, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupfuka (Venda)

Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.
Official name: Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.
Family: Hernandiaceae
Symptoms: H(004)
Recipes: H(004) wounds, roots of Gyrocarpus americanus, bulb of Gladiolus dalenii, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mundzhoundzhou (Venda)

Heteropyxis natalensis Harv.
Official name: Heteropyxis natalensis Harv.
Family: Heteropyxidaceae
Symptoms: H(101)
Recipes: H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Heteropyxis natalensis, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mudedede (Vhavenda), lavender tree (English)

Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels
Official name: Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels
Family: Annonaceae
Synonyms: Uvaria monopetala A. Richard.
Symptoms: H(004)
Recipes: H(004), roots cooked, local application
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muhuhuma (Luvenda)

Hibiscus vitifolius L.
Official name: Hibiscus vitifolius L.
Family: Malvaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Hibiscus vitifolius, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: muhwidzi (Vhavenda), Hibiscus (English)

Hibiscus vitifolius L.
Official name: Hibiscus vitifolius L.
Family: Malvaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(197)
Recipes: H(033) infertility because vaginal discharge, roots of Hibiscus vitifolius, RNS.
H(197) pulsating fontanelle, roots of Hibiscus vitifolius, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muhwidzi (Venda)

Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex G.Don
Official name: Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex G.Don
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(116)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(116) amenorrhoea, roots of Holarrhena pubescens, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: makhuluwamuhatu (Vhavenda), fever pod (English)

Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex G.Don
Official name: Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex G.Don
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(104), H(116)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(104) stomach-ache in women, H(116) amenorrhoea, roots of Holarrhena pubescens, RNS
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: makhulu-wa-muhatu (Venda)

Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Official name: Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Family: Arecaceae
Symptoms: H(026)
Recipes: H(026) dysmenorrhoea, pith of trunk of Hyphaene coriacea, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mMulala (Vhavenda)

Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Official name: Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Family: Arecaceae
Symptoms: H(026)
Recipes: H(026) dysmenorrhoea, pitch of trunk of Hyphaene coriacea, , RNS., VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulala (Venda)

Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Official name: Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis child, roots, maceration VO., 2 X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muswiswa (Luvenda)

Kalanchoe brachyloba Welw. ex Britten
Official name: Kalanchoe brachyloba Welw. ex Britten
Family: Crassulaceae
Symptoms: H(099)
Recipes: H(099) mental illness, leaves of Kalanchoe brachyloba + Crustaceae isopoda
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshinyanyu (Venda)

Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family: Bignoniaceae
Symptoms: H(139)
Recipes: H(139), scarifications on penis and fruit juice rubbed on the wound
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvevha (Luvenda)

Knowltonia transvaalensis Szyszyl.
Official name: Knowltonia transvaalensis Szyszyl.
Family: Ranunculaceae
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001) eyes diseases, leaves of Knowltonia transvaalensis, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: thauyakhomba (Venda)

Lannea discolor (Sond.) Engl.
Official name: Lannea discolor (Sond.) Engl.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Lannea discolor, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: isiganganyane (Zulu), muvhumbu (Vhavenda), live-long (English)

Lannea discolor (Sond.) Engl.
Official name: Lannea discolor (Sond.) Engl.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Lannea discolor of Maesa lanceolata of Nymphaea capensis of Adenia gumifera of Osyris lanceolata, bark of Piper capensis, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvhumbu (Venda)

Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl. var stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro
Official name: Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl. var stuhlmannii (Engl.) Kokwaro
Family: Anacardiaceae
Synonyms: Lannea stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl.
Symptoms: H(099)
Recipes: H(099), sedative, roots powder of Lannea stuhlmannii in food
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: milivhadza (Luvenda)

Lantana camara L.
Official name: Lantana camara L.
Family: Verbenaceae
Synonyms: Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001), fresh leaves, maceration, drops in eyes
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshidzimba-mbule (Luvenda)

Lantana rugosa Thunb.
Official name: Lantana rugosa Thunb.
Family: Verbenaceae
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001), fresh leaves, maceration, drops in eyes
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshidzimba-vhalisa (Luvenda)

Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Spreng.
Official name: Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Spreng.
Family: Verbenaceae
Symptoms: H(008), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(104), H(108), H(113),
Recipes: H(108) colds, H(018) headache, H(104) stomach pain, H(051) paludism, H(008) dysentery, H(008) diarrhoea, leaves of Lippia javanica, RNS.
H(113) sprained joint, leaves
H(037) cough, roots of Lippia javanica of Combretum paniculatum of Faurea saligna, leaves of Tagetes minuta , roots and barks of Diospyros mespiliformis, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musudzungwane (Venda)

Lonchocarpus capassa Rolfe
Official name: Lonchocarpus capassa Rolfe
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(006), H(008), H(104),
Recipes: H(006) + H(104) gastrointestinal disorders, roots of Lonchocarpus capassa, RNS.
H(008) diarrhea, whole plant of Lonchocarpus capassa, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mufhanda (Venda)

Maerua cafra (DC.) Pax
Official name: Maerua cafra (DC.) Pax
Family: Capparaceae
Symptoms: H(101)
Recipes: H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Maerua cafra, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mukundulela (Vhavenda)

Maerua cafra (DC.) Pax
Official name: Maerua cafra (DC.) Pax
Family: Capparaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Maerua cafra,RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Maerua cafra (DC.) Pax
Official name: Maerua cafra (DC.) Pax
Family: Capparaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(101), H(201)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Capparis tomentosa of Maerua caffra of Cassytha filiformis of Osyris lanceolata, bark of Berchemia discolor, RNS.
H(101) menorrhagia, root and stem bark of Maerua caffra of Tabernaemontana elegans ; roots of Capparis tomentosa of Combretum paniculatum of Osyris lanceolata, fruit Berchemia discolor, RNS
H(201) magical protection of homestead, menorrhagia, roots and stem barks of Maerua caffra.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutapatila (Venda)

Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Official name: Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Family: Myrsinaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) sterility, roots of Adenia gummifera of Nymphea capensis of roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata of bark Piper capense of roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction (H2O), VO. 3X / day during 1 month
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muunguri (Luvenda)

Markhamia zanzibarica (Bojer ex DC.) K.Schum.
Official name: Markhamia zanzibarica (Bojer ex DC.) K.Schum.
Family: Bignoniaceae
Synonyms: Markhamia acuminata (Klotzsch) K. Schum
Symptoms: H(008) , H(037)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea,H(037) cough, roots of Markhamia acuminata, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulakholomo (Venda)

Maytenus peduncularis (Sond.) Loes.
Official name: Maytenus peduncularis (Sond.) Loes.
Family: Celastraceae
Symptoms: H(109)
Recipes: H(109) backache, roots of Maytenus peduncularis, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukwatule (Venda)

Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name: Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family: Celastraceae
Synonyms: Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, roots Maytenus senegalensis + Ximenia caffra, decoction (H2O), VO, 1 glass / 5day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshiphandwa (Luvenda)

Mentha aquatica L.
Official name: Mentha aquatica L.
Family: Lamiaceae
Symptoms: H(001), H(201)
Recipes: H(001), leaves dipped in water in handkerchief, squeezed inti eyes to treat sore and itchy eyes
H(201), leaves Mentha aquatica, Tagetes minutaburned and smoke is inhaled 2x / day + powder in porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mpuyuyu (Luvenda)

Millettia stuhlmannii Taub.
Official name: Millettia stuhlmannii Taub.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104) stomach ache, roots of Millettia stuhlmannii, RNS;
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muangaila (Venda)

Mundulea sericea (Willd.) A. Chev.
Official name: Mundulea sericea (Willd.) A. Chev.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(139), H(201)
Recipes: H(139) aphrodisiac, roots barks of Mundulea sericea of ONS. of Phragmites mauritianus, roots of Securidaca longepedunculata, RNS.
H(201) regulate sex of unborn child, roots barks of Mundulea sericea, barks of Sclerocarya birrea, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukundandou (Venda)

Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Official name: Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Family: Musaceae
Synonyms: Musa ×sapientum L.
Symptoms: H(034)
Recipes: H(034), fruit of Musa paradisiaca, thorns Dovalys caffra, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(034) heart disorder, thorns of Acacia karroo, fruits of Musa paradisiaca, decoction, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muomva (Luvenda)

Nymphaea capensis Thunb.
Official name: Nymphaea capensis Thunb.
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(201)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Lannea discolor of Maesa lanceolata of Nymphaea capensis of Adenia gumifera of Osyris lanceolata, bark of Piper capensis, RNS.
H(201) to avoid having twins, leaves, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: murambodane, shamboda (Venda)

Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.
Official name: Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Nymphaea nouchali, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: shamboda (Vhavenda), water lily (English)

Ochna arborea Burch. ex DC.
Official name: Ochna arborea Burch. ex DC.
Family: Ochnaceae
Symptoms: H(027)
Recipes: H(027) weak delivery or dead babies, roots of Ochna arborea, RNS
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: dadzwanombe (Venda)

Ocimum americanum L.
Official name: Ocimum americanum L.
Family: Lamiaceae
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness, maceration of leaves of Ocimum canum, eyes drops
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: bunganyunyu (Luvenda)

Olea capensis L.
Official name: Olea capensis L.
Family: Oleaceae
Symptoms: H(003)
Recipes: H(003) swollen joints,H(012)) broken bones, roots of Olea capensis, stem of Phragmites mauritianus, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musiri (Venda)

Oncoba spinosa Forssk.
Official name: Oncoba spinosa Forssk.
Family: Flacourtiaceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) stérilité, maceration of roots of Oncoba spinosa in soft porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutuzwu (Luvenda)

Opuntia vulgaris Mill.
Official name: Opuntia vulgaris Mill.
Family: Cactaceae
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Opuntia vulgaris of Psidium guajava, decoction, VO. 2X / Day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mudoro (Luvenda)

Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Official name: Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Family: Santalaceae
Synonyms: Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steudel
Symptoms: H(033), H(100), H(101)
Recipes: H(033), roots, decoction to prepare porridge, roots of Maerua caffra of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius of Tabernaemontana elegans of Ximenia americana of Cassytha filiformis
H(033) sterility, roots of Adenia gummifera of Nymphea capensis of roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata of bark Piper capense of roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction (H2O), VO. 3X / day during 1 month
H(100) veneral diseases, roots decoction of Osyris lanceolata of Adansonia digitata, VO.
H(101), burned roots of Osyris lanceolata, vulva exposed to smokes for 3 nights
H(101), root of Capparis tomentosa of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Berchemia discolor (muny ee munie) of Osyris lanceolata, burned and vulva exposed to smoke (memorrhagia)
H(101) memorrhagia, roots powder of Osyris lanceolata of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Cassytha filiformis of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius ssp. galphimiifolius of Ximenia americana of Ximenia caffra, mixed in porridge during 3 days
H(101) memorrhagia, roots decoction of Osyris lanceolata of Combretum paniculatum, mixed in porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mpeta (Luvenda)

Pachystigma macrocalyx (Sond.) Robyns
Official name: Pachystigma macrocalyx (Sond.) Robyns
Family: Rubiaceae
Symptoms: H(139), H(201)
Recipes: H(201) magic roots and barks of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, roots of Gardenia amoena of Vangueria infausta, ONS. of Pachystigma macrocalyx, sticks of Osyris lanceolata, RNS.
H(139) aphrodisiac, racines, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muzwilungala (Venda)

Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Official name: Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Family: Chrysobalanaceae
Synonyms: Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth. subsp. mobola (Oliv.) R. A. Graham
Symptoms: H(100), H(103)
Recipes: H(100) veneral disease), roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
H(103), bark of Parinari curatellifolia, decoction (H2O), gargle
H(103) toothache due to mandibular and maxillar pains, bark of Celtis africana of Parinari curatellifolia, decoction, drops in eyes and hears
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvhula (Luvenda)

Pavetta lanceolata Eckl.
Official name: Pavetta lanceolata Eckl.
Family: Rubiaceae
Symptoms: H(077)
Recipes: H(077) antemetic, dry leaves of Pavetta lanceolata, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshituku (Venda)

Peltophorum africanum Sond.
Official name: Peltophorum africanum Sond.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(001), H(013), H(037), H(101), H(103)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness, barks of Peltophorum africanum of Rauvolfia caffra, steam bark under a blanket
H(013) rash of the tongue in small chideren, decoction of bark, VO.
H(037) cough , barks decoction, VO.
H(100), veneral diseases, infusion of roots of Terminalia sericea of Peltophorum africanum of Ximenia caffra, barks of Pterocarpus angolensis, VO.

H(101) menorrhagia, pouder of the whole plant, decoction, VO. + to wash the vulva
H(103), sores, ulcers, blisters of the mouth, powder of roots, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: musese (Luvenda)

Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name: Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms: H(068), H(100)
Recipes: H(068) bilharziosis, roots + barks , decoction (H2O), VO + Faurea saligna (mutango)
H(100), roots + barks , decoction (H2O), VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukulokota (Luvenda)

Piper capense L. f.
Official name: Piper capense L. f.
Family: Piperaceae
Symptoms: H(004), H(004), H(004), H(033)
Recipes: H(004), bark, powder mixed to "petroleum jelly", local applic.
H(004)throat, bark, maceration, VO.
H(004)tongue, bark, maceration, VO.
H(033), roots Adenia gummifera , Nymphea capensis (murambodane) + roots and leaves Osyris lanceolata + bark Piper capense + roots Maesa lanceolata, decoction, VO. 3X / day during 1 month
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulilwe (Luvenda)

Plectranthus lactiflorus (Vatke) Agnew
Official name: Plectranthus lactiflorus (Vatke) Agnew
Family: Lamiaceae
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness, leaves of Plectranthus lactiflorus , RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: bunganyunyu (Venda)

Protasparagus buchananii (Baker) Oberm.
Official name: Protasparagus buchananii (Baker) Oberm.
Family: Asparagaceae
Synonyms: Asparagus buchananii Baker
Symptoms: H(001), H(116)
Recipes: H(001) eye sickness, roots of f Protasparagus buchananii
H(116) amenorrhoea, leaves , RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: lufhaladzmakole (Venda)

Protasparagus falcatus (L.) Oberm.
Official name: Protasparagus falcatus (L.) Oberm.
Family: Asparagaceae
Symptoms: H(037), H(077), H(118)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis, roots of Capparis tomentosa of Protasparagus falcatus + spider web
H(118) sore throat, dysphagia, H(077) antemetic, roots of Protasparagus falcatus , RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: govhakhanga (Venda)

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia Pax
Official name: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia Pax
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, bark Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia, Diospyros mespiliformis, decoction (H2O), VO, 3x / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutondowa (Luvenda)

Psidium guajava L.
Official name: Psidium guajava L.
Family: Myrtaceae
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) veneral diseases, roots of Opuntia vulgaris of Psidium guajava, decoction, VO. 2X / Day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mugwavha (Luvenda)

Pterocarpus angolensis DC.
Official name: Pterocarpus angolensis DC.
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: H(015), H(018), H(068), H(100), H(101), H(116), H(156), H(187)
Recipes: H(015) haematuria, bark, decoction, VO.
H(018), roots, maceration, VO.
H(068)bilh, barks+ 2 species ?
- H(100) gono, bark, decoction, VO.
H(100), bark, infusion, VO, + roots of Terminalia sericea (mususu), Peltophorum africanum (musese), Ximenia caffra
H(101), bark, decoction, porridge, 3X / day + roots Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu)
H(116), roots , + thorns Dovyalis caffra (mutunu) + roots Albizia brevifolia (mutsilari) + roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi), powder is applied to underwear
H(156), whooping cough, fruit, burned and eaten with honey for 3 days
H(187) fontanels new born, roots, infusion powder, VO, 2-3 X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutondo (Luvenda)

Rauvolfia caffra Sond.
Official name: Rauvolfia caffra Sond.
Family: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Rauvolfia macrophylla Stapf
Symptoms: H(001), H(099)
Recipes: H(001) eyes sickness, barks of Peltophorum africanum of Rauvolfia caffra, steam bark under a blanket
H(099) épilepsy, to bath and to inhale smoke
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munadzi (Luvenda)

Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Official name: Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Family: Vitaceae
Synonyms: Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Symptoms: H(033), H(077), H(104), H(187)
Recipes: H(033), root, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(077) child, leaves dried, maceration., VO.
H(104) childs, root, powder in porridge
H(187) fontanels nw born, roots, maceration, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutumbula-mbudzana (Luvenda)

Rhus lancea L.f.
Official name: Rhus lancea L.f.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Synonyms: Searsia lancea (L. f.) Moffett
Symptoms: H(013), H(037)
Recipes: H(013) papules and pustules, leaves of Rhus Lancea , decoction, bath, VO.
H(037) cough, leaves , decoction, VO. + vapours inhaled under blanket
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mushakaladra (Luvenda)

Rhus leptodictya Diels
Official name: Rhus leptodictya Diels
Family: Anacardiaceae
Symptoms: H(018)
Recipes: H(018) headache, bark or root of Rhus leptodictya , root of Tabernaemontana elegans, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mushakaladza (Venda)

Ricinus communis L.
Official name: Ricinus communis L.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(006), H(037), H(053), H(068), H(091)
Recipes: H(006), fruit powder, VO.
H(037) cough, fruit, powder eaten with porridge, will cause diarrhoea and emesis but will cure cough
H(053), oil squeezed into the ear, earache
H(068)tape worms & roundworms, fruit + seeds Croton megalobotrys, macerationj, VO.
H((091), seeds, oil rubbed on incisions made on body, tonic
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mupfure (Luvenda)

Rosmarinus officinalis L
Official name: Rosmarinus officinalis L
Family: Rosaceae
Symptoms: H(004), H(111)
Recipes: H(004) wounds, H(111) burns, fruits of Rothmannia capensis, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: murathamapfene (Venda)

Salvadora angustifolia Turrill
Official name: Salvadora angustifolia Turrill
Family: Salvadoraceae
Symptoms: H(124).
Recipes: H(124) nose bleeding, leaves of Salvadora angustifolia, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mundamuka (Venda)

Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R.Br. subsp. Viminale
Official name: Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R.Br. subsp. Viminale
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: H(026)
Recipes: H(026) dysmenorrhoea, bark of Strychnos madagascariensis, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mukwakwa (Vhavenda), black monkey orange (English)

Schrebera alata (Hochst.) Welw.
Official name: Schrebera alata (Hochst.) Welw.
Family: Oleaceae
Symptoms: H(077)
Recipes: H(077) antemetic (children) dry leaves of Schrebera alata, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mulingwi (Venda)

Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Official name: Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Family: Anacardiaceae
Symptoms: H(103), H(109), H(201)
Recipes: H(103) toothache, H(109) backache, barks of Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra, RNS.
H(201) to regulate sex of unborn child, bark of Sclerocarya birrea subsp. Caffra, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mufula (Venda)

Sclerocarya caffra Sond.
Official name: Sclerocarya caffra Sond.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Symptoms: H(113), H(103)
Recipes: H(113) backache, bark, decoction (H2O), VOH(103)teethache, bark, decoction (H2O), mouth bath
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mufula (Luvenda)

Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name: Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family: Polygalaceae
Symptoms: H(037), H(100), H(109), H(112x), H(139)
Recipes: H(037) tuberculosis, roots, decoction, VO.
H(100) gono.r., bark + roots, decoction, VO.
H(109), roots, infusion, VO.
H(109), roots, decoction, VO., 3X / D
H(112x), roots, decoction, VO.
H(139), root maceration VO. ,+ root Carissa edulis (mpesu), promotes virility and potency
H(139), root, VO., + crystallized urine of baboon, aphrodisiac and increase virility
H(139), root, decoction, VO., aphrodisiac
H(139), root maceration VO. , + seeds Phragmites australis (lutanga) + roots Mundulea sericea (mukunda-ndov), aphrodisiac
H(139), root of Securidaca longipedunculata of Fagara davyi (munungu), infusion, VO.,
H(139), root, powder in sorgho beer, VO., + roots Artabotrys brachypetalus (mudzidzi) + roots Garcinia livingstonei (muphiphi, mupimbi), impotency
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mpesu (Luvenda)

Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name: Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family: Solanaceae
Synonyms: Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Symptoms: H(004),
Recipes: H(004), fruit Solanum aculeastrum, burned, mixt in a petroleum jelly, on wounds + roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica (mutavhatsindi) + pods Dichrostachys cinerea ... subsp. africana ..
H(004), burned, mixt in a petroleum jelly, on wounds
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: shulwa, murulwa (Luvenda)

Solanum panduriforme Drege ex Dun.
Official name: Solanum panduriforme Drege ex Dun.
Family: Solanaceae
Symptoms: H(018), H(104)
Recipes: H(018), powder of burned fruits of Solanum panduriforme, scarifications on forehead
H(104) stomach, bark of Trichilia emetica, root Solanum panduraeforme decoction of VO
H(104) gastro-intestinal pains in childeren chez les enfants, maceration of roots, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mututulwa (Luvenda)

Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius (A. Juss.) Szyszyl.
Official name: Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius (A. Juss.) Szyszyl.
Family: Malpighiaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: tsimambe (Vhavenda)

Sphedamnocarpus pruriens (A. Juss.) Szyszyl.
Official name: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens (A. Juss.) Szyszyl.
Family: Malpighiaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(099), H(101), H(104)
Recipes: H(104) stomach troubles, H(099) mental illness, roots
H(033) infertility, roots of Capparis tomentosa of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Cassytha filiformis of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens of Osyris lanceolata bark of Berchemia discolor, RNS.
H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Sphedamnocarpus pruriens of Tabernaemontana elegans of Cassytha filiformis of Ximenia americana of Ximenia caffra of Osyris lanceolata, roots and stem barks of Maerua cahffra, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: azwiili, tsimambe (Venda)

Spirostachys africana Sond.
Official name: Spirostachys africana Sond.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, H(051) fever, H(108) flu, cold, H(103) gum bleeding, wood and barks of Spirostachys africana, smoke of burning wood is inhaled
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muonze (Luvenda)

Strychnos decussata (Pappe) Gilg
Official name: Strychnos decussata (Pappe) Gilg
Family: Strychnaceae
Symptoms: H(020)
Recipes: H(020) snake, roots decoction de racines of Strychnos decussata, VO. + roots powder on bite
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mukangala (Luvenda)

Synadenium cupulare (Boiss.) L.C.Wheeler
Official name: Synadenium cupulare (Boiss.) L.C.Wheeler
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: H(003), H(130)
Recipes: H(003) swollen ankles, roots of Euphorbia ingens of Synadenium cupulare of Brackenridgea zanguebarica + snake bones and petroleum jelly, to burn and ashes rubbed on swollen ankles
H(008) diarrhoea, roots of Euphorbia ingens, decoction in a soft porridge
H(130) paralysis, burned roots of Euphorbia ingens of Euphorbia cooperi + thorn of any tree on swollen parts for 2 weeks, afterwards ashes of roots of Synadenium cupulare mixed with ashes of bones of snake (python), baboon + petroleuym jelly, applied on scarifications made on the paralysed site
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muswoswo (Luvenda)

Syzygium cordatum Hochst. in C.Krauss
Official name: Syzygium cordatum Hochst. in C.Krauss
Family: Myrtaceae
Symptoms: H(004), H(018), H(116)
Recipes: H(004), bark Syzygium cordatum, Bridelia micrantha + thorns Fagara davyi (munungu), decoction, wound exposed to steam, infected wounds
H(018), roots burned, ashes on cuts on the fronthead
H(116), roots, maceration, VO., 2X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutu (Luvenda)

Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf
Official name: Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Tabernaemontana elegans, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: mahatu (Vhavenda)

Tagetes minuta L.
Official name: Tagetes minuta L.
Family: Asteraceae
Symptoms: H(018), H(036), H(201)
Recipes: H(018), roots Capparis tomentosa + Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Euclea natalensis (mutangule - thavha), Cympobogon marginatus (fungwi) + leaves Tagetes minuta, burned and smoke is inhaled
H(036), leaf burned and smoke is inhaled
H(201), leaves Mentha aquatica, Tagetes minuta burned and smoke is inhaled 2x / day + powder in porridge
H(201), leaf burned and smoke is inhaled + scarifications with ashes of Kalanchoe brachyloba + Crustacea isopoda on forehead, troat and sternum + venesection
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mushushathuri, mukakambanzhe(Luvenda)

Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC.
Official name: Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC.
Family: Combretaceae
Symptoms: H(008), H(100),
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, roots decoction of Terminalia sericea in soft porridge
H(100) veneral disease, roots of Carica papaya of Parinari curatellifolia of Citrus limon of Terminalia sericea , decoction (H2O), VO (1 table spoon)
H(100), veneral diseases, infusion of roots of Terminalia sericea of Peltophorum africanum of Ximenia caffra, barks of Pterocarpus angolensis, VO.
H(101) memorrhagia, maceration of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera, VO. 3 X / Jour
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mususu (Luvenda)

Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Official name: Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Family: Rutaceae
Synonyms: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Symptoms: H(034), H(091), H(109)
Recipes: H(034), bark, decoction, VO., 2X / day
H(091) baby, dry leaves, maeration, VO., 1 spoon 3X / day
H(109), bark, decoction, VO., 2X / day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: gwambazi (Luvenda)

Trichilia dregeana Sond.
Official name: Trichilia dregeana Sond.
Family: Meliaceae
Symptoms: H(055), H(179), H(191)
Recipes: H(055) clean stomach, H(179) kidney and H(191) blood, enema for men, ONS.,RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutuhu (Venda)

Trichilia emetica Vahl
Official name: Trichilia emetica Vahl
Family: Meliaceae
Synonyms: Trichilia roka (Forssk.) Chiov
Symptoms: H(006), H(031), H(068), H(104)
Recipes: H(006) laxative, bark decoction, enema
H(031) male, bark decoction, enema to treat pains in waist, men only
H(068), bark decoction, VO., + root Bridelia mollis (mukumba-kumbane)
H(104) stomach, bark of Trichilia emetica, root Solanum panduraeforme decoction of VO
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutshikili (Luvenda)

Vepris lanceolata (Lam.) G. Don
Official name: Vepris lanceolata (Lam.) G. Don
Family: Rutaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(101)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Vepris lanceolata, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: muhondwa (Vhavenda), iIronwood (English)

Ximenia americana L.
Official name: Ximenia americana L.
Family: Olacaceae
Symptoms: H(015y), H(033)
Recipes: H(015y), root, infus, VO., 2X / day
H(033), roots, decoction to prepare porridge, roots of Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) + Ximenia caffra + Cassytha filiformis
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutanzwa - tanzwane(Luvenda)

Ximenia caffra Sond.
Official name: Ximenia caffra Sond.
Family: Olacaceae
Synonyms: Ximenia americana L. var. caffra (Sond.) Engl.; Ximenia americana L. var. tomentosa Engl.
Symptoms: H(001), H(018), H(033), H(037), H(100), H(101), H(135)
Recipes: H(001), roots of Maerua caffra , powder, maceration, drops in eyes
H(018) + H(135), roots of Ximenia americana of Maerua caffra, RNS
H(033), roots, decoction to prepare a porridge of roots of Maerua caffra of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius of Tabernaemontana elegans of Ximenia americana of Cassytha filiformis
H(033) sterility, 1/2 spoon of roots powder of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera of Tabernaemontana elegans of Euclea natalensis of Ximenia caffra in porridge every morning after drinking a maceration of seeds of Croton megalobotrys
H(037) cough, roots Ximenia caffra + Maytenus senegalensis, decoction, VO, 1 glass / 5 days
H(100) veneral diseases, infusion of roots of Terminalia sericea of Peltophorum africanum , bark Pterocarpus angolensis, VO.
H(100), roots, maceration, VO. + Catharanthus roseus (liluvha)
H(101) memorrhagia, roots powder of Osyris lanceolata of Tabernaemontana elegans of Maerua caffra of Cassytha filiformis of Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius ssp. galphimiifolius of Ximenia americana of Ximenia caffra, mixed in porridge during 3 days
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutanzwa (Luvenda)

Xylopia odoratissima Welw. ex Oliv.
Official name: Xylopia odoratissima Welw. ex Oliv.
Family: Annonaceae
Symptoms: H(026), H(101), H(139)
Recipes: H(026) dysmenorrhoea, roots of Xylopia odoratissima , RNS
H(101) menorrhagia, roots of Xylopia odoratissima of Adenia gummifera, RNS.
H(139y) increase size of penis, roots of Xylopia odoratissima, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muvhulavhusiku (Venda)

Xylopia parviflora (A. Rich.) Benth.
Official name: Xylopia parviflora (A. Rich.) Benth.
Family: Annonaceae
Symptoms: H(026), H(101)
Recipes: H(101) menorrhagia, H(026) dysmenorrhoea, roots of Xylopia parviflora, RNS. (registered from reference HS 32 (Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86 (2003) 97–108))
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: muvhulavhusiku (Vhavenda)

Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng.
Official name: Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng.
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: H(033)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, roots of Artabotrys brachypetalus of Zantedeschia aethiopica of Garcinia livingstonei of Antidesma venosum of Cassytha filiformis, barks of Dichrostachys cinera, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: ndalunwepi (Vhavenda), white arum lilly (English)

Zanthoxylum davyi (I.Verd.) P.G.Waterman
Official name: Zanthoxylum davyi (I.Verd.) P.G.Waterman
Family: Rutaceae
Synonyms: Fagara davyi I.Verd.
Symptoms: H(004), H(037), H(076), H(100), H(118), H(139)
Recipes: H(004) infected wound, bark Bridelia micrantha,Syzygium cordatum (mutu) + thorns Fagara davyi (munungu), decoction (H2O), wound exposed to steam, infected wounds
H(037) chest desease , roots decoction , VO 3 X / day during 3days
H(076) mouth ulcerus, roots decoction,mouth wash
H(100) veneral desease, roiots decoction of Fagara davyi of Albizia versicolor ofCombretum molle of Fagara davyi, VO. 3 the spoon day
H(118) sore throat, décoction de racines, VO. ou poudre de racines avalée (swalowed)
H(118)sore throat, roots infusion , reduce in ashes, gargle
H(139) aphrodisiac, roots of Fagara davyi of Securidaca longepedunculata, infusion, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: munungu (Luvenda)

Ziziphus mucronata Willd.
Official name: Ziziphus mucronata Willd.
Family: Rhamnaceae
Symptoms: H(033), H(101, 2), H(137)
Recipes: H(033) infertility, 1/2 tea spoon of powde of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera of Tabernaemontana elegans of Euclea natalensis of Ximenia caffra in porridge every morning after drinking a maceration of seeds of Croton megalobotrys
H(101) memorrhagia, maceration of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Terminalia sericera, VO. 3 X / Jour
H(101) memorrhagia, decoction of roots of Ziziphus mucronata of Tabernaemontana elegans to prepare a soft porridge
H(137) general body pains, roots decoction of Ziziphus mucronata to prepare a soft porridge
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: mutahetahete (Luvenda)