Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

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165 plants found in 65 references for the following symptom

Symptom: V(001)
Description: eye disease, conjunctivitis

1 reference(s) for Abrus precatorius L.
Official name: Abrus precatorius L.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Abrus_precatorius6.jpg , Abrus_precatorius7.jpg , HA01Abrus_ precatorius.jpg , Abrus_precatorius11.jpg , Abrus_precatorius9.jpg , Abrus_precatorius10.jpg , Abrus_precatorius12.jpg , Abrus_precatorius4.jpg , Abrus_precatorius5.jpg , Abrus_precatorius13.jpg , Abrus_precatorius8.jpg , Abrus_precatorius-koeh-002.jpg , HA08Abrus_precatorius.jpg , Abrus_precatorius1.jpg , Abrus_precatorius2.jpg , Abrus_precatorius3.jpg
Reference VT 24
Author: Tabuti John R. S., Shivcharn S. Dhillion & Kaare A. Lye
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 88, pp. 279-286 (2003)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) cataract, seeds of Abrus precatorius, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Bulamogi county)
Vernacular name: kasitisiti

1 reference(s) for Acacia brevispica Harms
Official name: Acacia brevispica Harms
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Acacia_brevispica2.jpg , HR08Acacia_brevispica.jpg , Acacia_brevispica1.jpg
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001), V(068)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vch(001),V‚q(001),Vc(001),Vo(001), wash the eyes whith hot H2O + a pinch off powder (Samburu)
V(068)oestres, pounded roots in H2O, liquid in nose (Masai)
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Masai)
Vernacular name: iti (Samburu) olgirgiri (Masai)

1 reference(s) for Acacia etbaïca Schweinf.
Official name: Acacia etbaïca Schweinf.
Family: Fabaceae
Reference HT 43
Author: Teklay, A., B. Abera, M. Giday
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 9:65 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/65
Symptoms: V(001), V(041)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye infection (livestock), chew leaf of Acacia etbaica and spit on to the affected eye
V(041) anthrax, burn stems and place it on the affected part
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia, Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region
Vernacular name: seraw (Tigrigna)

1 reference(s) for Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth.
Official name: Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. subsp. mellifera (Vahl); Mimosa mellifera Vahl.
Pictures: Acacia_mellifera7.jpg , Acacia_mellifera6.jpg , Acacia_mellifera4.jpg , Acacia_mellifera5.jpg , Acacia_mellifera3.jpg , Acacia_mellifera2.jpg , Acacia_mellifera1.jpg
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vch(001),Veq(001),Vc(001), Vo(001), wash eyes + 1 pinch powder ONS. (Samburu)
Vb(008), stem's barks, Acacia mellifera, Acacia neglecta, maceration H2O until apparition red color, VO. No other drink
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Samburu) (Masai)
Vernacular name: iti (Samburu), oiti-pi (Masai)

1 reference(s) for Acacia nilotica (L.) Del. subsp. subaldta (Vatke) Brenan
Official name: Acacia nilotica (L.) Del. subsp. subaldta (Vatke) Brenan
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Acacia seyal Del. var. fistula (Schweinf.) Oliv.
Reference VH 3k
Author: Heine, B. & C. König
Title: Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 2: Plants of the So (Uganda).142 p., Band 7 (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(006), V(037), V(051), V(055), V(104), V(135)
Recipes: V(001), eye disease, apply the liquid to eye
V(004), open wounds, apply the liquid to wound
V(104), stomach-ache, swollen belly, ONS., RNS
V(135), digestion, chew bark or soak bark in water and drink
V(055), emetic and V(006), laxative, ONS, RNS.
V(037) cough, V(051) fever, V(051) paludism,, chew bark or soak bark in water and drink
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (So)
Vernacular name: not registered

3 reference(s) for Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.
Official name: Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Acacia arabica Willd.; Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Pictures: Acacia_nilotica3.jpg , Acacia_nilotica2.jpg , Acacia_nilotica1.jpg , B5NordAcacia_nilotica.jpg
Reference VA 03
Author: Ake-Assi, Y.A.
Title: Contribution au recensement des espèces végétales utilisées traditionnellement sur le plan zootechnique et vétérinaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Thèse de doctorat (Sc. Vétérinaires), Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, 220 p., (1992)
Symptoms: V(001), V(045), V(091)
Recipes: Vb(001), crushed leaves, filtered
Vb(091), Vc(091), Vo(091), taninns , cure for pregnant animals
Vb(045), crushed leaves, filtered , cicatrising the wounds
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa (dry land)
Vernacular name: gamalwa (Fon) ; gabbé (Peuhl) ; bagaruwo (Hausa)
Reference VB 01
Author: Bâ, A.S.
Title: L'art vétérinaire en milieu traditionnel africain. Agence de Coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), 136 p., (1994) and THESE, présentée et soutenue publiquement le 7 juillet 1982 devant la Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Dakar pour obtenir le grade de Docteur Vétérinaire (Diplôme d'Etat)
Symptoms: V(001), V(013), V(028), V(045), V(113)
Recipes: Vb(001), decoction crushed fresh leaves, drops in eyes
Vb(013), Vb(113), stalk warmed in fiber, bandage face interns fiber, frequent bandages
Vb(045) decoction, crushed fresh leaves, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mauritania, Mali, Senegal (border regions)
Vernacular name: gawdi, waalo
Reference VN 02
Author: Nwude, N. & M.A. Ibrahim
Title: Plants used in traditional veterinary medical practice in Nigeria. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, Volume 3, 261 - 273, (1980)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(045), V(050), V(068), V(075)
Recipes: Vc(001), Vo(001), seeds without ‚picarp , powder, local application
Vc(004) + Vc(045), Vo(004) + Vo(045), seeds without ‚picarp, powder, local application
Vr(050), powder stem's barks, maceration, enema
Vc(068), Vo(068), pounded leaves + millet
Vc(075), Vo(075), powder seeds, maceration, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: gawo (Hausa)

1 reference(s) for Acacia seyal Del.
Official name: Acacia seyal Del.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: HA03Acacia_seyal.jpg , Acacia_seyal3.jpg , Acacia_seyal2.jpg , Acacia_seyal1.jpg
Reference VA 03
Author: Ake-Assi, Y.A.
Title: Contribution au recensement des espèces végétales utilisées traditionnellement sur le plan zootechnique et vétérinaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Thèse de doctorat (Sc. Vétérinaires), Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, 220 p., (1992)
Symptoms: V(001), V(091)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vc(001),Vo(001), kratitis and eyes disease, chewed stem's barks + salt, extract in eyes
V(091), decoction stem's barks, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa (dry land)
Vernacular name: menèn (Dendi)

3 reference(s) for Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name: Achyranthes aspera L.
Family: Amaranthaceae
Synonyms: Achyranthes annua Dinter; Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill.; Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula; Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Pictures: Achyranthes_aspera3.jpg , Achyranthes_aspera2.jpg , Achyranthes_aspera5.jpg , Achyranthes_aspera4.jpg , Achyranthes_aspera1.jpg , HL13Achyranthes_aspera.jpg
Reference HT 43
Author: Teklay, A., B. Abera, M. Giday
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 9:65 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/65
Symptoms: V(001), V(025), V(041)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye infection (livestock), chew roots of Achyranthes aspera and spit the liquid onto the infected V(001) eye
V(041) anthrax, crush roots of Achyranthes aspera of Solanum incanum and whole part of Hypoestes forskaolii, add water and drink with cup of glass
Vb(025) babesia (livestock), crush roots and apply into the nose
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia, Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region
Vernacular name: muchele (Tigrigna)
Reference VC 02
Author: Cihyoka, M. A.
Title: AGEEP-Bushi, Bukavu. Expérience en pharmacopée vétérinaire traditionnelle au Bushi (Kivu/Zaïre). Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 267 - 274, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001)= mulezi, Achyranthes aspera + Bidens pilosa + Dichrocephala integrifolia + Plantago lanceolata ,1 handfull of leaves of each species, pounded + 1/2 l. H2O, 3 … 4 drops morning and evening
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: mushomolangoko (Mashi)
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), eyes inflamed , crushed leaves in H2O, 4 drops in eyes, in the morningf and evening
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: mushomolangoko (Shi)

3 reference(s) for Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name: Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC.; Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Pictures: Spilanthes_mauritiana1.jpg , Acmella_caulirhiza1.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(028), V(030)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, juice, drops in eyes, Spilanthes mauritiana + Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(028,2), leaves, juice, VO., enema
Vb(030,1), leaves, juice, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: ishwemu (Kirundi)
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(020), V(035), V(123)
Recipes: Vb(020) snake, 1 handfull of leaves of Spilanthes mauritiana , to pound, to dilute in 1 glass H2O, VO. 2 X / day during 3 days
Vb(020) snake, 1 handfull of leaves in 1 glass H2O, VO. 1 X / day during 10 days
Vb(035) theileriosis (bibagoliro), 1 handfull of leaves of Cannabis sativa of Basella alba of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Plectranthus barbatus of Spilanthes mauritiana of Tetradenia riparia, decoction in 2 liters H2O, VO. 2 X / day during 7 days
Vb(035) theileriosis (bibagoliro), 1 handfull of leaves of Cannabis sativa of Tetradenia riparia of Clerodendrum myricoides of Basella alba of Plectranthus barbatus of Spilanthes mauritiana, decoction in 1 liter H2O, VO. during 7 to 10 days
Vc(001) exophtalmia, juice of crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Commelina benghalensis of Conyza sumatrensis of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lantana trifolia of Lepidium divaricatum of Spilanthes mauritiana, 1 drop in the eyes
Vc(123), 1 handfull of leaves of Kalanchoe crenata, powder of ONS. of Alstonia congensis of Spilanthes mauritiana. 100 gr of powder in 1 glass H2O, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kyenda (Lega), cenda (Mashi), yenda (Nande), ubushwima, ishenyanguzi (Kinyarwanda), kahwehula (Kinande)
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001), V(041), V(059)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Vb(041) anthrax (nzirondo, kasingo, budaka), Vb(059) (tonga, luhiga, cahira), the whole plant of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Gynura ruwenzoriensis of Senecio mannii of Spilanthes mauritiana of Tetradenia riparia, maceration (1 l. H2O), VO. every day
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: cenda

2 reference(s) for Adenium multiflorum Klotzsch
Official name: Adenium multiflorum Klotzsch
Family: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes; Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes var. multiflorum A REVOIR A REVOIR A REVOIR A REVOIR; Adenium somalense var. crispum Chiov.; Adenium honghel A.DC.; Nerium obesum Forssk.
Pictures: Adenium_multiflorum4.jpg , Adenium_multiflorum2.jpg , Adenium_multiflorum3.jpg , Adenium_multiflorum1.jpg
Reference VC 20
Author: Chavunduka D.M.
Title: Plants regarded by Africans as being of medicinal value to animals. Rhodesian Veterinaty journal 7: 6-12 (1976).
Symptoms: V(001), V(008)
Recipes: Vv(001) sore eyes, bulb of Adenium multiflorum, juice used as eye drops
Vv(008) bloody and watery diarrhoea, bulb of Adenium multiflorum soaked in water and birds drenched after 12 hours (From reference VG 56).
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VG 01
Author: Gelfand, M., S. Mavi, R.B. Drummond & B. Ndemera
Title: The traditional medical practitioner in Zimbabwe. His principles of practice and pharmacopoeia. Mambo Press, Gweru, Zimbabwe, 411 p., (1985)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008x), V(008), V(015)
Recipes: Vv(001, r), hen, flowing eyes, instillation juice tuber roots (rare) (shona )
Vb(008x) + Vb(015), drink every 12 hours, infusion root tubereuse (rare) ( shona )
Vv(008, r), drops of infusion of tuber root in H2O (rare) (shona )
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe (zone shona)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Juss.
Official name: Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Juss.
Family: Amaranthaceae
Synonyms: Achyranthes javanica (Burm.f.) Pers.; Aerva persica (Burm.) Merrill
Pictures: Aerva_javanica2.jpg , Aerva_javanica1.jpg
Reference VG 20
Author: Giday Mirutse , Tilahum Teklehaymanot
Title: Ethnobotanical study of plants used in management of livestock health problems by Afar people of Ada'ar District, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9:8 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/8
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001) ophthalmic infection (intibiaki) of goat, fresh or after drying roots of Aerva javanica, juice., local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Ada'ar District, Afar Regional State)
Vernacular name: alyaito

1 reference(s) for Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Official name: Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Family: Zingiberaceae
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(020), V(075)
Recipes: Vc(001) conjunctivitis, pounded roots of Aframomum laurentii, juice, 2 drops in eyes 1 X / day during 4 days
Vc(020) snake, leaves and roots of Aframomum laurentii, to pound, juice, VO. 1 glass + in case of fain t: powder of seeds of Cannabis sativa + flour of manioc (Manihot esculenta) to dilute in H2O, decoction, VO.
Vpc(075) lack of appetite and standing hair, red ears, barks of Aframomum., to pound, decoction, filter, to mix in food
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: bitakungurwa, ntiru (Mashi), matungulu (Lega), itungunguru, amatimbiri (Kinyarwanda)

3 reference(s) for Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name: Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Ageratum_conyzoides3.jpg , Ageratum_conyzoides4.jpg , HA05Ageratum_ conyzoides.jpg , Ageratum_conyzoides1.jpg , Ageratum_conyzoides2.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(014), V(037), V(139)
Recipes: Vb(037) pneumonia (mwinjingwe), decoction in 1 liter H2O of 2 soup spoons of leaves powder of Melanthera scandens of 1 soup spoon of leaves powder of Drymaria cordata and of Ageratum conyzoides, VO. as will during 5 days
Vb(037) pneumonia (mwinjingwe), to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Ageratum conyzoides and of Vernonia kirungae and of Drymaria cordata, maceration in 3 liters H2O, filter. VO. 1 glass 2 X / day during 7 days
Vc(014) whitlow, pounded leaves of Plantago palmata, to rub on wounds 2 X / day until rest + VO. juice of leaves of Ageratum conyzoides
Vc(139) frigidity, aphrodisiac, the goat refuse the coït, leaves of Ageratum conyzoidess of Phyllanthus niruri, to poundleaves of Ageratum conyzoidess of Phyllanthus niruri, to pound , introduce in vagina
Vc(001) exophtalmia, juice of crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Commelina benghalensis of Conyza sumatrensis of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lantana trifolia of Lepidium divaricatum of Spilanthes mauritiana, 1 drop in the eyes
Vc(004) wounds of teats (byufa), juice of leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Lycopodium clavatum (?), VO. 1 glass 2 X / day during 5 days
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kahyole, ishomola, munianzigi (Mashi), ruheha, inziraruguma ikurubwe, karura (Kinyarwanda), ecibangyela, namuola (Bembe), lupapali (Kinande), mishunda (Lega), mukuraushigi, angambala (Nyindu), naluzige (Fuliro)
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: ishomola
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(016), V(037), V(068), V(201)
Recipes: Vb(001), conjonctivitis,1 drop of leaves juice (from time to time)
Vb(016), not signalized
V(037), pneumonia, leaves juice or decoction
V(068), anthelmintique, macerationof pounded leaves with "ugundumuzimu"
V(201), some recommend it to spread the thunderbolt or the magicians.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: ishomola, kahyole (Shi), ruheha, kasiraruguma (Kinyaruanda)

1 reference(s) for Albizia zygia (DC.) J.F. Macbr.
Official name: Albizia zygia (DC.) J.F. Macbr.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Albizia_zygia2.jpg , Albizia_zygia3.jpg , Albizia_zygia4.jpg , Albizia_zygia5.jpg , HA03Albizia_zygia.jpg , Albizia_zygia1.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(014) V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu, barks powder of Albizia zygia (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(014) mange (emitina), poultice of barks (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Vb(039) lice (ngilac), H2O extract from bark, RNS. (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: etaramatokieni (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Aloe greatheadii var. davyana (Schonl.) H.F. Glen & D.S. Hardy
Official name: Aloe greatheadii var. davyana (Schonl.) H.F. Glen & D.S. Hardy
Family: Aloaceae
Reference VV 09
Author: van der Merwe, D., G. E. Swan, C. J. Botha
Title: Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 72, 189-196, (2001)
Symptoms: V(001), V(000), V(068), V(111), V(191)
Recipes: Vb(000) general ailments, roots of Aloe greatheadii, RNS.
Vb(001), Vb(068), Vb(191) whole plant, RNS.
Vb(111), leaves, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (North West Province)
Vernacular name: kgophane (Setswana)

1 reference(s) for Aloe lateritia Engl.
Official name: Aloe lateritia Engl.
Family: Aloaceae
Pictures: Aloe_lateritia2.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), sap, drops in eyes to remove fruit of Erlangea spissa
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: ingarigari (Kirundi)

2 reference(s) for Aloe secundiflora Engl.
Official name: Aloe secundiflora Engl.
Family: Aloaceae
Pictures: Aloe_secundiflora2.jpg , Aloe_secundiflora_afr_072.jpg
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(006), V(013), V(062), V(086), V(104), V(105)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vc(001), Vo(001), 1 leaves, pounded, 10 ml juice, 5 drops max
Vb(004)castration, leaves, juice 1 tea spoon on wound + ashes on wound
Vveau(006) + Vveau(104), leaves, pounded, juice, pounded in 5 l. warm H2O ; 1-st day, VO., 1, 5 l. every 2 h; 2 and 3-rd day 1,5 l., 1 X / day
Vcalf(006) + Vcalf(104), leaves, pounded, juice, RNS.
V(013)navel, , juice to push aside the flies who could provoke an infection of the umbilical cord "navel ill" = musky chick disease, every animal
Vb(013) + Vb(086)lumpy skin disease, Leptadenia hastata , stem, 1kg, pounded + Aloe secundiflora latex from leaves, 1l latex from stems, pounded+ 5 l. H2O, decoction , tepid, massage of the affected zones, the animal is in advance washed
V(062), 8 cm piece of leave is pounded + 200 ml. warm H2O in drink (Gikuyu, Kamba)
Vv(105), Amaranthus hybridus, leaves and flowers + Capsicum annuum 5 fruits + Aloe secundiflora 1 to 2 leaves, pounded + 2 l H2O, maceration 6 h, VO. , in will (Kamba)
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Embu) (Samburu) (Turkana) (Kamba) (Gikuyu)
Vernacular name: mukuni (Embu), echuchuka (Turkana), kiluma (Kamba), kiruma, thugurui (Gikuyu)
Reference VS 20
Author: Sori, T., M. Bekana, G. Adugna, E. Kelbessa
Title: Medicinal Plants in the Ethnoveterinary Practices of Borana Pastoralists, Southern Ethiopia Intern J. Appl. Res. Vet .Med., Vol. 2, No. 3 (2004)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(053), V(111)
Recipes: V(001) ophthalmia, V(004) wounds, V(053) ear pain, V(111) burns, sap of shoots or leaves of Aloe secundiflora, topical
V(001) ophthalmia, V(004) wounds, V(053) ear pain, V(111) burns, root, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Southern)
Vernacular name: shoot (Borana language)

1 reference(s) for Aloe wilsonii Reynolds
Official name: Aloe wilsonii Reynolds
Family: Aloaceae
Pictures: Aloe_wilsonii1.jpg , Aloe_wilsonii2.jpg
Reference VH 3k
Author: Heine, B. & C. König
Title: Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 2: Plants of the So (Uganda).142 p., Band 7 (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms: V(001), V(018), V(055), V(137)
Recipes: V(001)use the latex as an eye medicine
V(137), body pains, H(018)headache; apply the latex to body part which aches
V(055), soak or boil the plant in water, to drink; emetic
V(103), toothache, pound the root, mix with pounded leaves, apply to the paining tooth
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (So)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Aloe zebrina Baker
Official name: Aloe zebrina Baker
Family: Aloaceae
Pictures: Aloe_zebrina1.jpg , Aloe_zebrina3.jpg , Aloe_zebrina4.jpg , Aloe_zebrina5.jpg , Aloe_zebrina2.jpg
Reference VV 09
Author: van der Merwe, D., G. E. Swan, C. J. Botha
Title: Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 72, 189-196, (2001)
Symptoms: V(001), V(000), V(068), V(111), V(191)
Recipes: Vb(000) general ailments, roots of Aloe greatheadii, RNS.
Vb(001), Vb(068), Vb(191) whole plant, RNS.
Vb(111), leaves, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (North West Province)
Vernacular name: kgophane (Setswana)

1 reference(s) for Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name: Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family: Annonaceae
Synonyms: Annona arenaria Thonn.; Annona senegalensis Pers. var. senegalensis; Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Pictures: HA06Annona_senegalensis.jpg , Annona_senegalensis2.jpg , Annona_senegalensis1.jpg , Annona_senegalensis3.jpg
Reference VN 15
Author: Natabou Dégbé, F.
Title: Contribution à l'étude de la médecine et de la Pharmacopée traditionnelles au Bénin: Tentatives d'intégration dans le système de santé officiel. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur en Pharmacie de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop (Diplôme d'état), 138 p., Juillet 1991
Symptoms: V(001), V(022)
Recipes: Vb(001) ophtalmia, barks sap of Annona seneitchnsis, drops in eyes
Vb(022) delivery troubles, pounded leaves of Annona + H2O + ashes of wood, to filter, VO
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: gbémingniglou, zogbégniglou (Adja), gnigoulé (Fon), amouro(Nagot), kariti, kioiiti (Bariba), gouhanda, gonda naroura, gouandar dadji (Haoussa), n'doukouho (Peuhl) – gnakékélé (Goun),pomme can11elle du Sénégal, annone (French)

1 reference(s) for Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name: Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family: Asparagaceae
Pictures: HA03Asparagus_africanus.jpg , Asparagus_africanus1.jpg , Asparagus_africanus2.jpg , Asparagus_africanus3.jpg , Asparagus_africanus4.jpg
Reference VE 04
Author: Ejobi, F., R.D. Mosha, S. Ndege & D. Kamoga
Title: Etno-Veterinary Medicinal Plants of the Lake Victoria Basin: A Bioprospection Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (2): 257-261 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eye infections, Leaves Decoction of Asparagus africanus, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Lake Victoria Basin:)
Vernacular name: nadaali (Luganda / Kinyankore)

1 reference(s) for Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name: Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family: Meliaceae
Synonyms: Melia azadirachta L.
Pictures: Azadirachta_indica4.jpg , Azadirachta_indica6.jpg , Melia_azadirachta1.jpg , HA06Azadira_indica.jpg , Azadirachta_indica5.jpg , Melia_azadirachta3.jpg , Azadirachta_indica_fa04084.jpg , Azadirachta_indica_fa04085.jpg , Azadirachta_indica3.jpg , Azadirachta_indica1.jpg , Azadirachta_indica2.jpg , Melia_azadirachta4.jpg , Melia_azadirachta2.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(014), V(038), V(039), V(051)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes problems (ngakonyen), H2O extract from bark, leaves, roots of Azadirachta indica, RNS., (receipt from the Bokora and Pian tribes)
Vb(004) wounds (ajome), grind seeds to extract oil, local application, (receipt from the Bokora and Pian tribes)
Vb(014) mange (emitina), ringworm (akesit), grind seeds to extract oil, local application, (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(038) genital diseases (angac), H2O extract from bark, leaves, roots of Azadirachta indica, RNS., (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(039) mosquito control (akiretakin ngithiru), grind seeds to extract oil, local application, (receipt from the N tribe)
Vc(039) fleas (goat kids) (ngikadesides), grind seeds to extract oil, local application, (receipt from the Bokora and Pian tribes)
Vv(039) mites (chicken) (apingac), H2O extract of seeds of Azadirachta indica, poultice with seed cake, (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(051) fever (iyalaara) , H2O extract from bark, leaves, roots of Azadirachta indica, RNS.., (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: emitulaka (Ngakarimojong)

5 reference(s) for Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.
Official name: Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms: Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Pictures: Balanites_aegyptiaca2.jpg , Balanites_aegyptiaca3.jpg , Balanites_aegyptiaca4.jpg , Balanites_aegyptiaca5.jpg , Balanites_aegyptiaca1.jpg , HA06Balanites_aegyptiaca.jpg
Reference VA 03
Author: Ake-Assi, Y.A.
Title: Contribution au recensement des espèces végétales utilisées traditionnellement sur le plan zootechnique et vétérinaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Thèse de doctorat (Sc. Vétérinaires), Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, 220 p., (1992)
Symptoms: V(001), V(041), V(045), V(092)
Recipes: Vb(001), maceration from fresh leaves, instilation eyes (conjonctivitis)
Vb(041), roots, decoction H2O, charcoal
Vb(045), powder from dried barks
Vp(092), fishing poison
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa (sahelian zone)
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VC 15
Author: Creac'H, P.
Title: Le Balanites aegyptiaca. Ses multiples applications au Tchad. Rev. Bot. Appl. , Agric. Trop, 20, 578 - 593, (1940)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), chewed leaves, plaster on eyes (k‚ratitis)
Region: Sahelian Africa
Country: Chad
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VF 05
Author: Fison, T.
Title: Some ethnoveterinary information from South Sudan Undated document http://www.vetwork.org.uk/evkfison.pdf
Symptoms: V(001), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001) keratitis (nyintok or madhany), take the leaves of thou (Balanites aegyptiaca), chew them, spit juice into the eye. (Dinka)
Vb(039) ticks (acaak, caak, jok caakni), Make fire of "agep" (Borassus palm), root of "apac" (Piliostigma thonningii), "thou" (Balanites aegyptiaca), and aminthok, take the ash (awan kec), pour water through it, collect water in container and apply several times. Prick each tick with a thorn. (Dinka and Nuer)
Vb(039) ticks (acaak, caak, jok caakni), Make fire of "agep" (Borassus palm), root of "apac" (Piliostigma thonningii), "thou" (Balanites aegyptiaca), and aminthok, take the ash (awan kec), pour water through it, collect water in container and apply several times. Prick each tick with a thorn. (Dinka and Nuer)
Region: East Africa
Country: South-Soudan (Nuer zone and Dinka zone)
Vernacular name: thou
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(039), V(047), V(095), V(104), V(113), V(203)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes blind turns blue (emuduru), exudate of Balanites aegyptiaca, powdered sap in eyes , (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(001) eyes problems (ngakonyen), Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), exudate, powdered sap in eyes, (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(001) eyes problems (ngakonyen), fruit of Balanites aegyptiaca mixed with ashes of leaves of Kigelia africana, in eyes, (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(008) diarrhoea (akiurut), H2O extract of bark and root, RNS., (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(039) mosquito control (akiretakin ngithiru), leaves fall into pound, forming a soapy substance to suffocate larvae, (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(047) heartwater (lokou), make slurry with powdered sap, VO. + local application, (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(095) fodder (akimuj ngibaren) leaves, VO. , (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(104) stomach pain (akook), H2O extract of bark, RNS., (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(113) joint, bones pain (lokoyeta), H2O extract of bark and root, RNS., (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Vb(113) muscle pain (ngamori lokoyata), H2O extract of bark, RNS., (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
V(203) spear shaft (amorok akwara) branches, (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: ekorete (Ngakarimojong)
Reference VH 3k
Author: Heine, B. & C. König
Title: Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 2: Plants of the So (Uganda).142 p., Band 7 (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), cattle's eye disease, pound and/or grird the gum, apply to eye
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (So)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Balanites orbicularis Sprague
Official name: Balanites orbicularis Sprague
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Reference VO 01
Author: Ohta Itaru
Title: Turkana's view of livestock diseases. African study monographs, Supp. issue 3, 71 - 93, (1984)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vcanis(001), red eyes (lokonyen), leaves + ashes of hyenas, powder breathed in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Turkana)
Vernacular name: eebei

1 reference(s) for Balanites rotundifolia (Tiegh.) Blatt.
Official name: Balanites rotundifolia (Tiegh.) Blatt.
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vch(001), Veq(001), Vc(001), Vo(001), 1 leave, pounded, to dry, powder, 1 pinch in affected eye (2x / day)
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Turkana)
Vernacular name: ebei (Turkana)

6 reference(s) for Bidens pilosa L.
Official name: Bidens pilosa L.
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Bidens_pilosa1.jpg , Bidens_pilosa7.jpg , Bidens_pilosa6.jpg , Bidens_pilosa4.jpg , Bidens_pilosa2.jpg , Bidens_pilosa3.jpg , HA05Bidens_pilosa.jpg , Bidens_pilosa5.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008x), V(035), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, juice, wash the eyes
Vb(008x,1) (amacikire), leaves, juice,VO., Bidens pilosa + Aspilia ciliata + Momordica foetida + Urera hypselodendron
Vb(031,1), leaves, juice,VO. and drops in nose, Bidens pilosa + Crassocephalum mannii + Hypericum revolutum
Vb(035,1), leaves, juice,VO.
amacikire: diarrhea with blood of the new - born calfs
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: icanda (Kirundi)
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(020),
Recipes: Vb(020) snake, to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Lantana camara of Bidens pilosa, 2 handfull of leaves of Gynura vitellina, maceration in 2 liters H2O, VO. 3/4 liter, 2 X / day during 7 days
Vc(001) exophtalmia, 4 leaves of Lantana trifolia and 4 leaves of Bidens pilosa , 4 sumits with flowers of Dichrocephala integrifolia, to crush, juice, 2 drops in eyes 1 X / day during 7 days
Vv(004) wounds, 1 handfull of leaves of Vernonia amygdalina of Bidens pilosa, to pound + 35 ml of petroleum, filter, local application 2 X / day during 3 days
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kashisha (Mashi), nyasa (Lega), inyabarasanya, nihasha (Nyindu), igishokero, ishisha (Kinyarwanda, musonia, ovukuto (Kinande), muchukwe (Kihunde), kashisha (Fuliro)
Reference VC 02
Author: Cihyoka, M. A.
Title: AGEEP-Bushi, Bukavu. Expérience en pharmacopée vétérinaire traditionnelle au Bushi (Kivu/Zaïre). Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 267 - 274, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) mulezi, Achyranthes aspera + Bidens pilosa + Dichrocephala integrifolia + Plantago lanceolata ,1 handfull of leaves of each species, pounded + 1/2 l. H2O, 3 … 4 drops morning and evening
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: kashisha (Mashi)
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(095)
Recipes: V(001), pounded leaves + H2O, 4 drops, morning and evening
V(095), this plant constitutes a good feed but gives to the milk a stench.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: kashisha (s'accroche aux vêtements, fleurs jaunes) (shi), nyabarasanya (kinyaruanda)
Reference VE 04
Author: Ejobi, F., R.D. Mosha, S. Ndege & D. Kamoga
Title: Etno-Veterinary Medicinal Plants of the Lake Victoria Basin: A Bioprospection Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (2): 257-261 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) conjunetivitis, ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Lake Victoria Basin:)
Vernacular name: idasana (Swahili / Sukuma)
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), roots of Bidens pilosa, paste in eyes , (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(004) wound (fresh), (ajome) poultice of leaves, (receipt from the Bokora and Matheniko and Pian tribes)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: lomosikin (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Biophytum petersianum Klotzch
Official name: Biophytum petersianum Klotzch
Family: Oxalidaceae
Pictures: Biophytum_peterssianum2.jpg , Biophytum_peterssianum3.jpg , Biophytum_peterssianum1.jpg , HA05Biophytum_petersianum.jpg
Reference VB 14
Author: Byavu, N., C. Henrard, M. Dubois & F. Malaisse
Title: Phytothérapie traditionnelle des bovins dans les élevages de la plaine de la Rusizi, Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 4 (3), 135 - 156, (2000)
Symptoms: V(001), V(041)
Recipes: Vb(001), powder froom dry Biophytum in eyes
Vb(041), whole plants Hygrophila auriculata, Biophytum petersianum, fumigation
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Rusizi, Kivu)
Vernacular name: tinyabakwe (?)

1 reference(s) for Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg. & Benedict
Official name: Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg. & Benedict
Family: Capparaceae
Pictures: Boscia_albitrunca3.jpg , Boscia_albitrunca1.jpg , Boscia_albitrunca2.jpg
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), infusion leaves, cold, lotion
Region: South Africa
Country: East and South Africa
Vernacular name: not registered

2 reference(s) for Boscia coriacea Pax
Official name: Boscia coriacea Pax
Family: Capparaceae
Pictures: Boscia_coriacea2.jpg , Boscia_coriacea1.jpg
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001), V(106)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vch(001),Veq(001),Vc(001), Vo(001), dried seeds, powder, 1 pinched in eye
V(106)fumigation, mosquitos, ONS. Boscia coriacea + Salvadora persica + Cadaba rotundifolia + Calotropis procera
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Turkana)
Vernacular name: edung (Turkana)
Reference VO 01
Author: Ohta Itaru
Title: Turkana's view of livestock diseases. African study monographs, Supp. issue 3, 71 - 93, (1984)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), red eyes (lokonyen), leaves + ashes of hyenas, powder breathed in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Turkana)
Vernacular name: eedung

2 reference(s) for Bothriocline longipes (Oliv. & Hiern ) N.E.Br.
Official name: Bothriocline longipes (Oliv. & Hiern ) N.E.Br.
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Erlangea spissa S. Moore
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(028), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, juice, drops in eyes
Vb(004,1), leaves, ashes on scarifications, Bothriocline longipes + Ziziphus abyssinica + Rubus apetalus
Vb(028,1), stems, leaves, juice, enema, Ageratum conyzo‹des + Crassocephalum mannii + Bothriocline longipes +Senecio cydoniifolius +Senecio hadiensis + Ricinus communis + Geniosporum rotundifolium + Ocimum suave
Vb(031,1), leaves juice, drops in nostrils, Bothriocline longipes + Nicotiana tabacum
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umubebe (Kirundi)
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(002), V(006)
Recipes: V(001)conjonctivitis, juice leaves, RNS.
V(002)agalactia, maceration plant, RNS.
V(006) constip.ation, maceration plant, RNS.
V(068)anthelminthic, maceration from leaves, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: lwibaye , idubo (shi)

1 reference(s) for Bothriocline ugandensis (S. Moore) M. Gilbert
Official name: Bothriocline ugandensis (S. Moore) M. Gilbert
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Erlangea ugandensis S. Moore
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001), V(002), V(006) + V(104), V(025), V(070), V(117), V(201)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Vb(002), (kuziba, kabula amonka), the whole of plants of Biophytum zenkeri of Bothriocline ugandensis of Gynura ruwenzoriensis of Harungana madagascariensis of Helichrysum fructicosum of Leonotis nepetifolia of Leucas deflexa of Lobelia mildbraedii of Oxalis corniculata of Piper umbellatum of Phyllanthus capillaris of Rumex usambarensis of Vernonia jugalis of Vigna vexillata, barks of bananas (Musa sapientum), maceration (1 l H2O), VO. 2 X / day. before and after delivery
Vb(006) + Vb(104) gastro-enteritis (kadurha), crushed leaves of Ficus thonningii of Ficus exasperata, barks stems of Myrica kandtiana, maceration (H2O) + fruits infusion of Phaseolus vulgaris, VO.
Vb(006) + Vb(104) gastro-enteritis (kadurha), Vb(025) babesiosis (mududu), Vb(117) (isirhe), crushed leaves of Berkheya spekeana of Bothriocline ugandensis of Cinchona ledgeriana of Ensete ventricosum of Harungana madagascariensis of Hydrocotyle mannii of Hypericum revolutum of Lagenaria abyssinica of Lobelia mildbraedii of Mukia maderaspatana of Nicotiana tabacum of Piper capense of Plectranthus barbatus of Pycnostachys rici-rosenii of Trema orientalis, maceration (1 l. H2O), VO. + sometimes for enhancing the effect, powder of fruits of Sorghum bicolor
Vb(070), H(117), Vb(201) madness, (isirhe), the plants of Acrocephalus galeopsifolium of Andropogon canaliculatus of Astripomoea grantii of Berkheya spekeana of Bothriocline ugandensis of Celosia trigyna of Cinchona ledgeriana of Clerodendrum rotundifolium of Ficus lutea of Ficus sur of Harungana madagascariensis of Hydrocotyle mannii of Koschya africana of Lagenaria abyssinica of Leucas deflexa of Lobelia mildbraedii of Mukia maderaspatana of Nicotiana tabacum of Piper capense of Plectranthus barbatus of Pycnostachys erici-rosenii of Setaria megaphylla of Tagetes minuta of Trema orientalis of Vernonia jugalis, maceration (1 l. H2O), VO., 1 dosein the morning
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: cirhabirhabi

1 reference(s) for Buddleja polystachya Fresen.
Official name: Buddleja polystachya Fresen.
Family: Buddlejaceae
Reference HA 53
Author: Amenu, E.
Title: Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya woreda) West Shoa, Ethopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach A Thesis submited to the school of graduate studies, Addis Ababan, Ethiopia, 104 p. June 2007
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye disease, leaf of Buddleja polystachya is chewed and spitted on cattle eye.
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia, Oromya Region, West Shoa Zone in Chelya woreda.
Vernacular name: hanfaaree (Afaan Oromoo)

1 reference(s) for Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Official name: Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Family: Sapotaceae
Synonyms: Butyrospermum paradoxum subsp. parkii (G. Don) Hepper; Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy; Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertner f.
Reference VN 15
Author: Natabou Dégbé, F.
Title: Contribution à l'étude de la médecine et de la Pharmacopée traditionnelles au Bénin: Tentatives d'intégration dans le système de santé officiel. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur en Pharmacie de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop (Diplôme d'état), 138 p., Juillet 1991
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) ophtalmia, terminal buds of branches of Butyrospermum paradoxum, to chew, to spit the juice in the sick eye
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: tambéré, tamrou (Pila-pila), limouto, ouko, kotoblé (Fon), hémé (Nagot), kolo, karédié (Peulh), chombou, chobou (Bariba), kadé, kadania (Haoussa), moutamou (Somba), ayotchi, yotcho (Adja), somou (Kotokoli), karité type dahoméen (Français)

1 reference(s) for Cadaba farinosa Forssk. subsp. farinosa
Official name: Cadaba farinosa Forssk. subsp. farinosa
Family: Capparaceae
Pictures: Cadaba_farinosa1.jpg , Cadaba_farinosa_subsp._farinosa2.jpg , Cadaba_farinosa_subsp._farinosa1.jpg
Reference VH 3k
Author: Heine, B. & C. König
Title: Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 2: Plants of the So (Uganda).142 p., Band 7 (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), eye desease of cattle; grind the root, apply the powder to eye.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (So)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name: Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Asclepias procera Aiton
Pictures: Calotropis_procera1.jpg , Calotropis_procera4.jpg , Calotropis_procera3.jjpg , Calotropis_procera2.jpg , HA06Calotropis_procera.jpg , B5NordCalotropis_procera.jpg , Calotropis_procera5.jpg , Calotropis_procera6.jpg , Calotropis_procera7.jpg
Reference VA 07
Author: Agab, H.
Title: Traditional treatment methods of camels in eastern Sudanwith emphasis on firing. Journal of Camel Practice and Research, Volume 5, 1, 161 - 164, (1998)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vch(001), blind in night, green leaves, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Sudan (East)
Vernacular name: ushar

1 reference(s) for Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth.
Official name: Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Calpurnia subdecandra (L'Hérit.) Schweick.
Pictures: Calpurnia_aurea1.jpg , Calpurnia_aurea2.jpg
Reference VM 41
Author: Mesfin, F., S. Demisse, T. Teklehaymanot
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:28 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-28 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(041), V(162)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye infection, seed powder of Calpurnia aurea mixed with butter is applied on infected eye.
Vb(041) black leg, pwder fresh/dry root with butter is given orally
Vb(041) anthrax, crushed, pounded fresh root of Calpurnia aurea with fresh leaf of Vernonia amygdalina mixed with residue of local areqie or tella is given orally
Vb(041) blackleg, crushed, pounded fresh root of Calpurnia aurea with fresh leaf of Parthneium hysterophrus mixed with residue of local areqie or tella is given orally
Vb(162) urine retention , pwder fresh/dry root with H2O is given orally
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of Wonago Woreda)
Vernacular name: chekketa (Gedeoffa)

1 reference(s) for Capparis cartilaginea Decne.
Official name: Capparis cartilaginea Decne.
Family: Capparaceae
Pictures: Capparis_cartilaginea2.jpg , Capparis_cartilaginea3.jpg , Capparis_cartilaginea4.jpg , Capparis_cartilaginea5.jpg , Capparis_cartilaginea1.jpg
Reference VT 2k
Author: Timberlake, J. R.
Title: Ethnobotany of the Pokot of Nothern Kenya, 106 p., (1987)Unpublished report. East African Herbarium, Nairobi.Multigraphié. Center for Economic Botany, Royal Botanic Gardens.Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK.
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), boiled infusion of leaves used as eye lotion for humans and cattle.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (North region)
Vernacular name: chepkogh

1 reference(s) for Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name: Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family: Capparaceae
Synonyms: Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers.; Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Pictures: Capparis_tomentosa1.jpg , Capparis_tomentosa3.jpg , Capparis_tomentosa4.jpg , HA03Capparis_tomentosa.jpg , Capparis_tomentosa2.jpg
Reference VH 3k
Author: Heine, B. & C. König
Title: Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 2: Plants of the So (Uganda).142 p., Band 7 (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), eye desease of cattle; grind the root, apply the powder to eye.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (So)
Vernacular name: not registered

3 reference(s) for Capsicum frutescens L.
Official name: Capsicum frutescens L.
Family: Solanaceae
Pictures: Capsicum_frutescens1.jpg , Capsicum_frutescens3.jpg , Capsicum_frutescens4.jpg , Capsicum_frutescens2.jpg , Capsicum_frutescens5.jpg , Capsicum_frutescens6.jpg , HA05Capsicum_frutescens.jpg , HR09Capsicum_frutescens.jpg , Capsicum_frutescens7.jpg
Reference VA 03
Author: Ake-Assi, Y.A.
Title: Contribution au recensement des espèces végétales utilisées traditionnellement sur le plan zootechnique et vétérinaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Thèse de doctorat (Sc. Vétérinaires), Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, 220 p., (1992)
Symptoms: V(001), V(005), V(006)
Recipes: V(001), maceration, stems, leaves drops in eyes, conjonctivitis
V(005), anti-oedema, ONS., RNS.
V(006), stimulating laxative, ONS., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa
Vernacular name: yébéssévi (Mina), atabévi (Ewé), fon takin winéwini (Fon), atasisédé (Yoruba), biéko (Akyé), makon (Agni, Baoulé), froto (Malinke), pili-pili (Fr)
Reference VB 14
Author: Byavu, N., C. Henrard, M. Dubois & F. Malaisse
Title: Phytothérapie traditionnelle des bovins dans les élevages de la plaine de la Rusizi, Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 4 (3), 135 - 156, (2000)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), leaves, juice + rancid butter , eye instillation, painful treatment
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Rusizi, Kivu)
Vernacular name: urusenda (Kinyarwanda), ipiripiri (Kirundi)
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), fresh pods of Capsicum frutescens,to mix with a stool of Gorilla gorilla (or monkey) + H2O, drops in eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: lushenda

1 reference(s) for Cassia absus L.
Official name: Cassia absus L.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Chamaecrista absus (L.) Irwin & Barneby
Pictures: HA11Cassia_absus.jpg
Reference VN 02
Author: Nwude, N. & M.A. Ibrahim
Title: Plants used in traditional veterinary medical practice in Nigeria. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, Volume 3, 261 - 273, (1980)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), leaves, powder, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: fidili (Hausa)

1 reference(s) for Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name: Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Pictures: Cassia_didymobotrya1.jpg
Reference VD 04
Author: Desouter, S.
Title: Pharmacopée humaine et vétérinaire du Rwanda. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 22, 254 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(041)
Recipes: Vb(001), + Crassocephalum multicorymbosum , RNS, ONS
Vb(041), ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Rwanda
Vernacular name: umucyuro, umubagabaga, umucyurabuhoro (en magie) (Kinyarwanda)

1 reference(s) for Chenopodium opulifolium Auct. non Schrad.
Official name: Chenopodium opulifolium Auct. non Schrad.
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Synonyms: Chenopodium ugandae (Aellen) Aellen
Pictures: Chenopodium_opulifolium1.jpg , Chenopodium_opulifolium2.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(005), V(007), V(020), V(029), V(030), V(035)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), juice of leaves, drops in eyes, Spilanthes mauritiana . + Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(004,3), pulp leaves, compresses
Vb(005,1), juice of leaves, VO., Chenopodium ugandae + Momordica foetida
Vb(007,2), pulp leaves , compresses for multiple cutaneous diseases
Vb(020,8), juice of leaves , VO. + to sprinkle on wounds
Vb(020,1), juice of leaves , VO., to sprinkle + Rhus vulgaris + Dalbergia lactea + Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(020,1), juice of leaves ,VO., ashes on scarifications, Cassia occidentalis+ Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(020,3), ashes of leaves on scarifications, Periploca linearifolia + Chenopodium ugandae + Asparagus africanus + Ziziphus abyssinica
Vb(029,1), juice of leaves and stems+ cruhing part ,VO. + icegeko
Vb(030,1), juice of leaves , VO.
Vb(035,3), juice of leaves , VO.
icegeko: treatment for the sterile cows and those that refuse to be suck. The pulp plundered with the plant is introduced into the vagina, later one removes it soaked of lochies if the cow gave birth recently . One carries the whole in the nostrils of the cow. One expresses the juice and one arranges the rests of the plant on the calf coated with salt.The cow will lick the calf who will be allowed to suck
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umugombe (Kirundi)

1 reference(s) for Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family: Rutaceae
Pictures: Citrus_limon3.jpg , Citrus_limon1.jpg , Citrus_limon2.jpg , Citrus_limon4.jpg
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(123)
Recipes: V(001), conjonctivitis, 2 drops of juice juice, 2 x / day , RNS.
V(123), food poisoning, to administer some juice of lemon with some black coffee
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: ndimu (shi)

1 reference(s) for Coccinia adoensis (A. Rich.) Cogn.
Official name: Coccinia adoensis (A. Rich.) Cogn.
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Pictures: Coccinia_adoensis1.jpg , Coccinia_adoensis2.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) anaplasmosis (lopid), infusion of roots of Coccinia adoensis, RNS. (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: edaldalakisin (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Combretum caffrum (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze
Official name: Combretum caffrum (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze
Family: Combretaceae
Pictures: Combretum_caffrum1.jpg , Combretum_caffrum2.jpg , Combretum_caffrum3.jpg , Combretum_caffrum4.jpg
Reference VM 35
Author: Masika P.J., Van Averbeke W. and Sonandi A
Title: Use of herbal remedies by small-scale farmers to treat livestock diseases in Central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Volume 71, 87–91. (2000). http://www.jsava.co.za/index.php/jsava/article/viewFile/685/659
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) conjunctivitis, drops from squeezed leaves of Combretum caffrum
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Central Eastern Cape Province)
Vernacular name: umdubi (Xhosa)

1 reference(s) for Combretum collinum Fresen.
Official name: Combretum collinum Fresen.
Family: Combretaceae
Synonyms: Combretum hypopilinum Diels
Pictures: Combretum_collinum1.jpg , Combretum_collinum3.jpg , Combretum_collinum2.jpg , HR08Combretum_collinum.jpg
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), seeds powder, local application, eyes wounds
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Lobedu)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name: Combretum molle R. Br.
Family: Combretaceae
Synonyms: Combretum ankolense Bagshawe & Bak. f.; Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Pictures: Combretum_molle.jpg , HA03Combretum_molle.jpg
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001)strong, Vc(001)strong, Vo(001)strong, leaves, stems, ashes in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Embu)
Vernacular name: muranga (Embu)

1 reference(s) for Combretum sp.
Official name: Combretum sp.
Family: Combretaceae
Pictures: Combretum_sp2.jpg , Combretum_sp4.jpg , Combretum_sp5.jpg , Combretum_sp6.jpg , Combretum_sp7.jpg , Combretum_sp3.jpg , Combretum_sp1.jpg
Reference VP 02
Author: Puffet, H.
Title: Pharmacopée vétérinaire traditionnelle des éleveurs du Sud-Niger. Tropicultura, 3, 1, 14-15, (1985)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008)
Recipes: Vb(001), barks, decoction, drops in eyes
Vo(008), barks, powder, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Niger(Dosso)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Commelina benghalensis L.
Official name: Commelina benghalensis L.
Family: Commelinaceae
Pictures: Commelina_benghalensis3.jpg , HA01Commelina_benghalensis.jpg , Commelina_benghalensis4.jpg , Commelina_benghalensis1.jpg , Commelina_benghalensis2.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(096)
Recipes: Vb(096) relieving congestion udders (milk flow with blood), to tattoo the udders + ashes of leaves of Commelina benghalensis of Anthocleista grandiflora in local application
Vc(001) exophtalmia, juice of crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Commelina benghalensis of Conyza sumatrensis of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lantana trifolia of Lepidium divaricatum of Spilanthes mauritiana, 1 drop in the eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: mudege (Mashi), mutekya (Lega), uruteja (Kinyarwanda), ndetsa (Kinande), mutijatija (fuliro)

2 reference(s) for Commelina diffusa Burm. f.
Official name: Commelina diffusa Burm. f.
Family: Commelinaceae
Pictures: HA05Commelina_diffusa.jpg , Commelina_diffusa3.jpg , Commelina_diffusa2.jpg , HA05Commelina_dif.jpg , Commelina_diffusa1.jpg
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: mudege
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(037), V(082)
Recipes: Vb(001), ONS., RNS.
Vb(008), ONS., RNS.
Vb(037), ONS., RNS.
Vb(082), ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: mudege (shi)

1 reference(s) for Commiphora habessinica (O. Berg) Engl.
Official name: Commiphora habessinica (O. Berg) Engl.
Family: Burseraceae
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(014)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), powder from exudate of Commiphora habessinica, local application (receipt from the Bokora and Pian tribes)
Vb(014) mange (emitina), powder from exudate, local application (receipt from the Bokora and Pian tribes)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: ekadeli (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) E.K. Walker
Official name: Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) E.K. Walker
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Conyza_sumatrensis3.jpg , Conyza_sumatrensis2.jpg , Conyza_sumatrensis1.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(014), V(105)
Recipes: Vv(001) exophtalmia, juice of crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Commelina benghalensis of Conyza sumatrensis of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lantana trifolia of Lepidium divaricatum of Spilanthes mauritiana, 1 drop in the eyes
Vc(008) diarrhoea, juice of leaves of Conyza sumatrensis, VO. 2 à 3 X / day
Vc(014) itch (lugugu, lushita), pounded leaves of Conyza sumatrensis of Dichrocephala integrifolia to rub localy 2 X / day
Vv(105), Vv(008) white or red diarrhoea , 1/2 coffe spoon of powder of Cannabis sativa, 1 coffe spoon of powder of Conyza sumatrensis, VO. dry powder
Vl(014) dermatosis (binyolo, birato, Mashi) various wounds, 6 coffee spoons of pounded leaves of Conyza sumatrensis of Dichrocephala integrifolia in 1 liter palm oil. Application of this mix on the cleaned wounds with the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: nyambuba, budakayura, mulasha hungwe, hishorhe, kanambula (Mashi), kalumekanga, lubandu (Lega), wambuba, ubujwili (Kinyarwanda), kavingande (Kinande), mukandakanda (Nyindu), nakwakangi, kanambuba (Fuliro)

1 reference(s) for Cordia africana Lam.
Official name: Cordia africana Lam.
Family: Boraginaceae
Synonyms: Cordia holstii Guerke
Pictures: Cordia_africana1.jpg , Cordia_africana2.jpg , Cordia_africana3.jpg
Reference VG 26
Author: Gakuubi, M. M.& W. Wanzala
Title: A survey of plants and plant products traditionally used in livestock health management in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8:39, (2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/8/1/39
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes diseases (meetho) and Vb(091), Vc(091), Vo(091) Vpc(091) general weakness (kuaga inya), leaves of Cordia africana are crushed to extract juice
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Buuri district, Meru County)
Vernacular name: muringa

5 reference(s) for Cordia gharaf (Forssk.) Ehrenb. ex Asch.
Official name: Cordia gharaf (Forssk.) Ehrenb. ex Asch.
Family: Boraginaceae
Synonyms: Cordia sinensis Lam.; Cordia rothii Roem. & Schult
Pictures: Cordia_gharaf2.jpg , Cordia_gharaf3.jpg , Cordia_gharaf1.jpg
Reference VA 03
Author: Ake-Assi, Y.A.
Title: Contribution au recensement des espèces végétales utilisées traditionnellement sur le plan zootechnique et vétérinaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Thèse de doctorat (Sc. Vétérinaires), Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, 220 p., (1992)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), eyes inflamed , decoction roots and stem's barks, wash
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa
Vernacular name: bomo-dangay (Zarma)
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vch(001), Vb(001), Veq(001), Vc(001), Vo(001), stem's barks, chewed, juice, spit in the eyes, to close eyelids during 24 hours
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Somali)
Vernacular name: marer (Somali)
Reference VK 13
Author: Kokwaro, J.O.
Title: Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) conjonctivitis bovins, decoction roots, barks
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania
Vernacular name: mudawe
Reference VR 04
Author: Rimbach, L.
Title: Traditional methods of treating cattle diseases. Report for ASA (Studienaufenthalte in Africa, Asien und Latein-Amerika), 19 p., (1977) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), barks roots, roots whithout bark, decoction, RNS
Vb(001), roots and barks, decoction, RNS
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania
Vernacular name: ol durgo, ol durogo (Masai)
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), stem's barks, roots, decoction, wash the eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya, Tanzania (Masai)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Official name: Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Crassocephalum montuosum (S. Moore) Milne-Redh.
Pictures: Crassocephalum_bubense_AFLORA.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(002), V(020), V(029), V(030), V(041), V(068)
Recipes: Vb(002), refused lactation, 2 handfull of leaves of Crassocephalum montuosum, decoction in 1/2 liters H2O, cold decoction in the vaginaa 1 X / day during 4 days
Vb(020) snake, maceration of leaves of Solanum nigrum of Amaranthus viridis of Crassocephalum montuosum of Brillantaisia cicatricosa, VO.
V(029), to pound the leaves of Crassocephalum montuosum of Pycnostachys erici-rosenii , juice in the vagina
Vb(030) retained placenta (muziha), maceration of leaves of Chenopodium procerum of Crassocephalum montuosum of Cyathula uncinulata of Dodonea viscosa of Hibiscus noldae, VO. 1 glass 2 X / day during 3 days
Vb(041) bacterial anthrax (nzirondo, luhiga, gahira), leaves of Euphorbia tirucalli of Lobelia giberroa of Crassocephalum montuosum of Momordica foetida of Vigna vexillata, to crush, maceration, VO. 2 X / day
Vb(068) toxoplasmosis (rutandara, lurhandala), 2 handfull of leaves of Basella alba of Gynura ruwenzoriensis of Crassocephalum montuosum, maceration in 1 liter H2O, VO.
Vb(068) toxoplasmosis (rutandara, lurhandala), 3 handfull of leaves of Crassocephalum montuosum, maceration in H2O, filter VO., 2 X / day
Vc(001) conjunctivitis, to pound 3 leaves of Crassocephalum., juice, 3 dropds in each eye 2 X / day during 7 days
Vpc(030) retained placenta,1 handfull of leaves of Crassocephalum montuosum of Senecio mannii in food
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: mufulubwindi, cifubula (Mashi), anyata na bupamba (Bembe), kisulanindi (Nande), igifurandindi (Kinyarwanda)

1 reference(s) for Croton gratissimus Burch.
Official name: Croton gratissimus Burch.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms: Croton zambesicus Müll.Arg.
Pictures: Croton_gratissimus4.jpg , Croton_gratissimus1.jpg , Croton_gratissimus2.jpg , Croton_gratissimus3.jpg
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), leaves, infusion, cold, lotion
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Botswana, Kgatha)
Vernacular name: not registered

3 reference(s) for Cucumis aculeatus Cogn.
Official name: Cucumis aculeatus Cogn.
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Pictures: Cucumis_aculeatus1.jpg , Cucumis_aculeatus2.jpg
Reference VG 02
Author: Glover, P.E., J. Stewart & M.D. Gwynne
Title: Masai and Kipsigis notes on East african plants, Part III - Medicinal uses of plants. East african agricultural and forestry journal, 32, 2, 200 - 207, (1966)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), leaves, juice, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VK 13
Author: Kokwaro, J.O.
Title: Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), juice plant
Region: East Africa
Country: East Africa
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators
Reference VR 04
Author: Rimbach, L.
Title: Traditional methods of treating cattle diseases. Report for ASA (Studienaufenthalte in Africa, Asien und Latein-Amerika), 19 p., (1977) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), whole plant, juice, local aplication
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Masai)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam.
Official name: Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam.
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Pictures: HA07Cucurbita_maxima.jpg , Cucurbita_maxima3.jpg , Cucurbita_maxima2.jpg , Cucurbita_maxima4.jpg , Cucurbita_maxima1.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (acute syndrome) (adeikin), paste of seeds of Cucurbita maxima in eyes (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: akaideit (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Cycnium adonense E. Meyer ex Benth.
Official name: Cycnium adonense E. Meyer ex Benth.
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Pictures: Cycnium_adonense3.jpg , Cycnium_adonense1.jpg , Cycnium_adonense2.jpg
Reference VK 13
Author: Kokwaro, J.O.
Title: Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vv(001), a decoction made from the leaves is given to newly-hatched chicks to open their eyes when they are gummed up
Region: East Africa
Country: East Africa
Vernacular name: mashilitsa (Kakamega)

1 reference(s) for Debra glabra ?
Official name: Debra glabra ?
Family: ZZ
Reference VA 31
Author: Abubakar Swaleh
Title: Ethnoveterinaty Medicine in 0rmaland-Kenya. Dissertation submitted for a Master of Science Degree in Tropical Animal Production and Health. Center for Tropical Medicine (CTVM), University of Edinburgh, UK, 1999. (recorded from the WWW site: http://www.ethnovetweb.com )
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) (dukub illa), latex of Debra glabra (hargesa) is applied in both eyes 1X/day for 3 days
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Ormaland)
Vernacular name: hargesa

4 reference(s) for Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Ktze
Official name: Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Ktze
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Dichrocephala bicolor (Roth) Schldl.
Pictures: HR08Dichrocephala_integrifolia.jpg , Dichrocephala_integrifolia1.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(014), V(035), V(145)
Recipes: Vb(035) theileriosis (bibagoliro), 1 handfull of leaves of Cannabis sativa of Basella alba of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Plectranthus barbatus of Spilanthes mauritiana of Tetradenia riparia, decoction in 2 liters H2O, VO. 2 X / day during 7 days
Vc(001) exophtalmia, crushed leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia, juice, 2 drops in eyes 1 X / day during 7 days
Vc(001) exophtalmia, 4 leaves of Lantana trifolia and 4 leaves of Bidens pilosa , 4 sumits with flowers of Dichrocephala integrifolia, to crush, juice, 2 drops in eyes 1 X / day during 7 days
Vc(001) exophtalmia, crushed leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia, crushed fruit of Solanum indicum, juice, 2 drops in eyes 2 X / day
Vc(014) itch (lugugu, lushita), pounded leaves of Conyza sumatrensis of Dichrocephala integrifolia to rub localy 2 X / day
Vv(145) leaves dough of Dichrocephala introduites in anus or juice of leaves, VO.
Vl(014) dermatosis (binyolo, birato, Mashi) various wounds, 6 coffee spoons of pounded leaves of Conyza sumatrensis of Dichrocephala integrifolia in 1 liter palm oil. Application of this mix on the cleaned wounds with the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: citundambuga (Mashi), umubuza (Kinyarwanda), kishindabuga (Lega), ekihumbuhumbu (Nande)
Reference VC 02
Author: Cihyoka, M. A.
Title: AGEEP-Bushi, Bukavu. Expérience en pharmacopée vétérinaire traditionnelle au Bushi (Kivu/Zaïre). Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 267 - 274, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) = mulezi, Achyranthes aspera + Bidens pilosa + Dichrocephala integrifolia + Plantago lanceolata,1 handfull of leaves of each species, pounded + 1/2 l. H2O, 3 … 4 drops morning and evening
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: citundambuga (Mashi)
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001), V(041), V(059)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Vb(041) anthrax (nzirondo, kasingo, budaka), Vb(059) (tonga, luhiga, cahira), the whole plant of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Gynura ruwenzoriensis of Senecio mannii of Spilanthes mauritiana of Tetradenia riparia, maceration (1 l. H2O), VO. every day
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: citundambuga, tundoola
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(124)
Recipes: Vb(001), eyes confusions, crushed plant in H2O, 4 drops in the morning and in the evening
Vb(008), diarrhoea, leaves, RNS.
Vb(124) bleeding at the nose, maceration of leaves, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: citundambuga (shi), umubuza (kinyaruanda)

1 reference(s) for Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name: Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Pictures: Drymaria_cordata3.jpg , Drymaria_cordata2.jpg , Drymaria_cordata1.jpg , HA05Drymaria_cordata.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(037), V(105)
Recipes: Vb(037) pneumonia (mwinjingwe), decoction in 1 liter H2O of 2 soup spoons of leaves powder of Melanthera scandens of 1 soup spoon of leaves powder of Drymaria cordata and of Ageratum conyzoides, VO. as will during 5 days
Vb(037) pneumonia (mwinjingwe), to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Ageratum conyzoides and of Vernonia kirungae and of Drymaria cordata, maceration in 3 liters H2O, filter. VO. 1 glass 2 X / day during 7 days
Vc(001) conjunctivitis, to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Drymaria cordata of Oxalis radicosa, juice, 2 drops in each eye 3 X / day during 5 days
Vv(105), Vv(008) white or red diarrhoea , leaves of Tetradenia riparia of Drymaria cordata, barks of Polycephalium lobatum + 1 spoon of sel, to mix in 1 liter H2O, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: bwahulo (Mashi), namwima, waulo (Lega, ubwungo, ubwunyu bwa nyamanza, imhosha (Kinyarwanda)

1 reference(s) for Eragrostis tenuifolia (A. Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud.
Official name: Eragrostis tenuifolia (A. Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud.
Family: Poaceae
Pictures: Eragrostis_tenuifolia1.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(027), V(145)
Recipes: Vb(027) abortion prevention, leaves of Phyllanthus niruri of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Cynodon dactylon of Pentas zanzibarica, foliar ends of Acanthus pubescens, maceration in 1 liter H2O, VO.
Vc(001) exophtalmia, juice of crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Commelina benghalensis of Conyza sumatrensis of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lantana trifolia of Lepidium divaricatum of Spilanthes mauritiana, 1 drop in the eyes
Vpc(145) prolapse of the rectum, to pound the leaves of Basella alba of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lycopodium clavatum of Piper capense, in food
Vl(145) prolapse of the rectum, maceration of leaves of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Piper capense deLycopodium clavatum of Basella alba of Clerodendrum myricoides, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: hikalabalume (Mashi)

5 reference(s) for Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Official name: Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Erythrina_abyssinica2.jpg , Erythrina_abyssinica4.jpg , Erythrina_abyssinica1.jpg , Erythrina_abyssinica3.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(001), V(001), V(035), V(096)
Recipes: Vb(001) exophtalmia, gonflement the yeux, (ntomo) drops in eyes of juice of roots of Erythrina abyssinica
Vb(035) theileriosis (bibagoliro), 1 handfull of rhizome of Cyperus bequaertii, 1 handfull of leaves of Erythrina abyssinica, 1 fruit of Solanum aculeastrum, to pound, juice, drops in nostrils and ear (1 drop) 2 X / day during 6 days
Vb(096) udder of the cow, infusion of 2 handfull of barks of Erythrina abyssinica in 1/2 liters H2O, filter, massage of the udder regulary during 2 days
Vc(001) cataract, roots or flowers of Erythrina abyssinica, to crush, drops in eyes 2 X / day during 7 days
Vpc(001) inflamation, flowers of Erythrina abyssinica, to pound, harvest the sap drops in eyes 2 X / day during 6 days
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: cigohwa (Mashi), kikoakoa, igiko (Lega), umuko (Kinyarwanda), mukohwa (Kinande), eo (Bembe), ekikowa (Nande), mukowa (Hunde), kikohwa (fuliro)
Reference VC 02
Author: Cihyoka, M. A.
Title: AGEEP-Bushi, Bukavu. Expérience en pharmacopée vétérinaire traditionnelle au Bushi (Kivu/Zaïre). Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 267 - 274, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001), V(006), V(103), V(008)
Recipes: V(001), (= mulezi), flowers , infusion, 3 … 4 drops in eyes, morning and evening
V(006) + V(103) = kagosi, 4 leaves of each Erythrina abyssinica, Ficus vogelii , Hypoestes forskalaei, Indigofera arrecta, Momordica pterocorpa, Pteridium aquilium, RNS.
V(008), tubercle Momordica pterocorpa, leaves Erythrina abyssinica, Ficus vogelii, Hypoestes forskalei, Indigofera arrecta, Pteridum aquilum, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: cigohwa (Mashi)
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001), V(076), V(085), V(103)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica, fruit of Ricinus communis (or oil), to crush, to coat the eyes
Vb(085) (namuguka), H(076) candidosis, glossitis (ivunja), H(103) gingivitis (ivunja), leaves of Erythrina abyssinica of Indigofera arrecta of Tetradenia riparia, maceration (H2O), VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: cigohwa
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(020), V(068), V(085)
Recipes: Vb(001), eyes inflamed, juice of flowers, RNS.
V(020), snake bite, leaves, infusion, RNS.
V(068), anthelminthic, maceration of crushed flowers and leaves, RNS.
V(085), maceration of crushed flowers and leaves, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: cigohwa (Shi), umuko (Kinyaruanda)
Reference VD 04
Author: Desouter, S.
Title: Pharmacopée humaine et vétérinaire du Rwanda. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 22, 254 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Rwanda
Vernacular name: umuko (Kinyarwanda)

2 reference(s) for Erythrina brucei Schweinf.
Official name: Erythrina brucei Schweinf.
Family: Fabaceae
Reference HA 53
Author: Amenu, E.
Title: Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya woreda) West Shoa, Ethopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach A Thesis submited to the school of graduate studies, Addis Ababan, Ethiopia, 104 p. June 2007
Symptoms: V(001), V(003)
Recipes: Vb(001)eye disease, root of Erythrina brucei and leaf of Premna resinosa are pounded together and 4-6 drop of the liquid extract is added to cattle eye.
Veq(003) swelling (dhitoo), bark of Erythrina brucei pounded with leaf of Teclea nobilis mixed with water and half a glass is given to mule and donkey.
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia, Oromya Region, West Shoa Zone in Chelya woreda.
Vernacular name: waleensuu (Afaan Oromoo)
Reference VY 01
Author: Yineger, H., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, E. Lulekal
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants at Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 112, pp. 55 - 70 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001), V(006), V(037), V(041), V(075)
Recipes: V(001) eye disease (dhukuba ija), fresh or dried leaves are pounded, mixed with few H2O, direct application on eyes
Véq(006) + Véq(037) + Véq(075), darissaa (gamoji, zalaqua) (slight cough, shivering, unable to defecate, to eat, constipation, abdominal distension, shivering, fluid discharge through nose, falling of ear. Leads to death), crushed fresh leaves of Erythrina brucei are mùixed with cold H2O, VO.
V(041) blackleg (dhukuba gorbe, aba gorba), leaves of Erythrina brucei, Vernonia myrantha, Ruta chalepensis of Nicotiana tabacum of Cymbopogon citratus, roots of Salvia merjamie, Cucumis ficifolius of Rumex nepalensis of Allium sativum, fruits of Nigella sativa are crushed and mixed with saltwater, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Bale Mountains National Park)
Vernacular name: walena

1 reference(s) for Euphorbia candelabrum Trémaux ex Kotschy
Official name: Euphorbia candelabrum Trémaux ex Kotschy
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms: Euphorbia calycina N. E. Br.
Pictures: Euphorbia_candelabrum1.jpg , Euphorbia_candelabrum3.jpg , Euphorbia_candelabrum2.jpg
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(124)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vc(001), Vo(001), ashes of stems in eyes for spots in eyes
Vb(004) + Vb(124), Vc(004) + Vc(124), Vo(004) + Vo(124), latex on wound, relieve and stop the bleeding (Maragoli)
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Maragoli) (Embu)
Vernacular name: muduha (Maragoli), muthuri (Embu )

1 reference(s) for Euphorbia matabelensis Pax
Official name: Euphorbia matabelensis Pax
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Euphorbia_matabelensis3.jpg , Euphorbia_matabelensis1.jpg , Euphorbia_matabelensis2.jpg
Reference VC 20
Author: Chavunduka D.M.
Title: Plants regarded by Africans as being of medicinal value to animals. Rhodesian Veterinaty journal 7: 6-12 (1976).
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vv(001) eye trouble, leaves of Cycnium adoense, decoction given to newly-hatched birds to open gummed-up eyes (From reference VG 56).
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Fagara chalybea (Engl.) Engl.
Official name: Fagara chalybea (Engl.) Engl.
Family: Rutaceae
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(037), V(051), V(082), V(086), V(108)
Recipes: Vb(001)pus +Vb(051) + Vb(082) + Vb(086), affect the cattle which grazes with wild animals, dried seeds, pounded, 250 gr. + 1 / 2 l. H2O, maceration 6h, VO. , to repeat "malignant catarrhal fever" (Samburu)
Vch(008), Vb(008), Veq(008), Vc(008), Vo(008), seeds, 500 gr pounded + 2 l. H2O, to mix, VO., 2,5 l. big animals, 1 l. goats - sheeps
Vch(037) + Vch(108), seeds, 1 handfull, pounded, powder, VO. with water (Samburu)
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Samburu) (Turkana)
Vernacular name: loisug (Samburu), eusugu (Turkana)

1 reference(s) for Feretia apodanthera Del.
Official name: Feretia apodanthera Del.
Family: Rubiaceae
Synonyms: Feretia canthioides Hiern
Pictures: Feretia_apodanthera1.jpg , Feretia_apodanthera2.jpg , Feretia_apodanthera3.jpg , HA06Feretia_apodanthera.jpg
Reference VB 01
Author: Bâ, A.S.
Title: L'art vétérinaire en milieu traditionnel africain. Agence de Coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), 136 p., (1994) and THESE, présentée et soutenue publiquement le 7 juillet 1982 devant la Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Dakar pour obtenir le grade de Docteur Vétérinaire (Diplôme d'Etat)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008)
Recipes: Vb(008) in case of eye filariasis Vb(001) (busuffer), decoction roots + millet flour
Region: West Africa
Country: Mauritania, Mali, Senegal (border regions)
Vernacular name: commbi

1 reference(s) for Ficus asperifolia Miq.
Official name: Ficus asperifolia Miq.
Family: Moraceae
Reference VO 14
Author: Olila, D., R. Bukenya-Ziraba and D. Kamoga
Title: Bio-Prospective Studies on Medicinal Plants Used to Manage Poultry Diseases in the Mount Elgon Region of Uganda. Research Journal of Pharmacology 1 (3): 56-60, 2007
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vv(001) mites onto eyes, extract juice of fruits of Ficus asperifolia, apply onto eyes untill mites disappear
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda. (Mount Elgon Region)
Vernacular name: zisilegweti, neem (Lugisu)

2 reference(s) for Ficus thonningii Blume
Official name: Ficus thonningii Blume
Family: Moraceae
Synonyms: Ficus iteophylla Miq.; Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
Pictures: Ficus_thonningii2.jpg , Ficus_thonningii3.jpg , Ficus_thonningii4.jpg , Ficus_thonningii1.jpg , HA06Ficus_thonningii.jpg
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001), V(002), V(006) + V(104)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Vb(002), (kuziba, kabula amonka), the whole of plants of Cuscuta kilimandjari of Euphorbia hirta of Ficus sur of Porlulacca oleracera of Vernonia kirungae, roots of Ensete ventricosum, maceration (1 l H2O), VO. 2 X / day. before and after delivery
Vb(006) + Vb(104) gastro-enteritis (kadurha), crushed leaves, macerated of Ficus exasperata of Ficus thonningii, stems barks of Myrica kandtianna + infusion of fruits of Phaseolus vulgaris, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: mutudu
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(002), V(030), V(094)
Recipes: V(001), V(002), V(030), V(117), ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: muhumbahumba (shi)

1 reference(s) for Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
Official name: Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Galinsoga_parviflora3.jpg , Galinsoga_parviflora2.jpg , Galinsoga_parviflora1.jpg
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(095)
Recipes: V(001), conjonctivitis, juice 1 drop in the morning and in the evening, ONS.
Vb(095), ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: cigaragara (shi), kimali (kinyaruanda), iragara (shi)

1 reference(s) for Gnaphalium purpureum L.
Official name: Gnaphalium purpureum L.
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Gnaphalium_purpureum1.jpg , Gnaphalium_purpureum2.jpg , Gnaphalium_purpureum3.jpg , Gnaphalium_purpureum4.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), paste of leaves of Gnaphalium purpureum, local application in eyes (receipt from Bokora and Matheniko and Pian tribes)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: ekoutapem (Ngakarimojong)

2 reference(s) for Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Official name: Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Family: Combretaceae
Pictures: Guiera_senegalensis1.jpg , HA06Guiera_senegalensis.jpg , Guiera_senegalensis2.jpg
Reference VK 28
Author: Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou
Title: Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinaty medicine in Northern Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa). South African Journal of Botany, Volume 74, pp. 76 - 84, (2008) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003651
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(014)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vo(001), Vc(001) eyes diseases , powder of stem barks of Guiera senegalensis, local application, 2 X / daily
Vb(008), Vo(008), Vc(008) diarrhoea powder of stem barks of Guiera senegalensis mixed in warm H2O, VO., 1 l. , 1 X / daily
Vb(014), Vc(014), Vo(014) skin diseases (scabies), powder of stem barks of Guiera senegalensis mixed with shea butter, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Northern)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators
Reference VN 02
Author: Nwude, N. & M.A. Ibrahim
Title: Plants used in traditional veterinary medical practice in Nigeria. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, Volume 3, 261 - 273, (1980)
Symptoms: V(001), V(006), V(018), V(104)
Recipes: Vb(001)Vb(018), leaves, decoction, inhalation of vapors, or leaves deposited on warm ashes, inhalation of vapors --- V(006), V(104), pounded leaves+ H2O, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: sabara (Hausa)

1 reference(s) for Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
Official name: Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
Family: Capparaceae
Synonyms: Cleome gynandra L.; Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC.
Pictures: Gynandropsis_gynandra3.jpg , Gynandropsis_gynandra1.jpg , HA08Gynandropsis_gynandra.jpg , Gynandropsis_gynandra2.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) trachoma, akirumit akonyen, liquid from flowers of Cleome gynandra squeezed in eyes (receipt from the Bokora and Matheniko and Pian tribes)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: akeo (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Official name: Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Family: Anacardiaceae
Synonyms: Ozoroa insignis Del.
Pictures: Heeria_insignis5.jpg , Heeria_insignis6.jpg , HA06Heeria_insignis.jpg , Heeria_insignis2.jpg , Heeria_insignis3.jpg , Heeria_insignis4.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), powder of barks of Ozoroa insignis in eyes (receipt from the Bokora and the Tepeth tribes)
Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), powder of roots of Ozoroa insignis in eyes (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Vb(008) diarrhoea (akiurut) H2O extract of barks of Ozoroa insignis , RNS. (receipt from the Bokora and the Tepeth tribes)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: emutorin (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Heeria sp.
Official name: Heeria sp.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008)
Recipes: Vb(001), juice, lotion
Vb(008) calf, ONS., RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: East and South Africa
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Heliotropium steudneri Vatke
Official name: Heliotropium steudneri Vatke
Family: Boraginaceae
Pictures: Heliotropium_steudneri1.jpg , Heliotropium_steudneri2.jpg , Heliotropium_steudneri3.jpg , Heliotropium_steudneri4.jpg
Reference VM 06
Author: Merker, M.
Title: The Masai. Ethnographische Monographie eines ostafrikanischen Semitenvolkes.Tierzucht-und Tierheilkunde, Chapter XVIII, 161 - 179, (1910) Berlin, Dietrich Reimer Verlag. De la référence VB 10
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), leaves, juice, drops in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya, Tanzania (Masaï)
Vernacular name: ol aisegerai kitok

1 reference(s) for Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Official name: Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Family: Malvaceae
Pictures: Hibiscus_cannabinus.jpg , Hibiscus_cannabinus1.jpg , Hibiscus_cannabinus5.jpg , HA06Hibiscus_cannabinus.jpg
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), juice from leaves + pilipili, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: ibanki (shi)

4 reference(s) for Hippobromus pauciflorus (L.f.) Radlk.
Official name: Hippobromus pauciflorus (L.f.) Radlk.
Family: Sapindaceae
Pictures: Hippobromus_pauciflorus1.jpg
Reference VM 35
Author: Masika P.J., Van Averbeke W. and Sonandi A
Title: Use of herbal remedies by small-scale farmers to treat livestock diseases in Central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Volume 71, 87–91. (2000). http://www.jsava.co.za/index.php/jsava/article/viewFile/685/659
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) leaves infusion of Hibiscus malacospermus, eye wash twice a day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Central Eastern Cape Province)
Vernacular name: ulathile (Xhosa)
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001), V(037)
Recipes: V(001), juice of leaves, drops in ardent eyes(Xhosa)
V(037), decoction ONS, RNS., (Botswana, Kwena)
V(037), leaves, roots, infusion, , (Zulu, Tswana)
Region: South Africa
Country: East and South Africa
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001), V(037), V(037)
Recipes: V(001) the leaf sap used to treat inflamed eyes of animals
Vb(037), Vo(037) a leaf decoction used to treat coughing and to expel mucus in sheep and goats
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Eastern Cape.)
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001), V(087)
Recipes: V(001) leaf sap of Hippobromus pauciflorus in inflamed eyes
Vo(087), Vc(087) leaves and roots infusion used to clear mucus from noses of sheep and goats
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Hoslundia opposita Vahl
Official name: Hoslundia opposita Vahl
Family: Lamiaceae
Synonyms: Hoslundia oppositifolia P. Beauv.
Pictures: Hoslundia_opposita2.jpg , Hoslundia_opposita1.jpg , HR08Hoslundia_opposita.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(095)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), powder of leaves of Hoslundia opposita in eyes (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Vb(095) fodder (akimuj ngibaren, leaves, VO. (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: epwok (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Hymenodictyon parvifolium Oliv.
Official name: Hymenodictyon parvifolium Oliv.
Family: Rubiaceae
Pictures: Hymenodictyon_parvifolium1.jpg , Hymenodictyon_parvifolium2.jpg , Hymenodictyon_parvifolium3.jpg
Reference VN 29
Author: Njoroge, G. N., I. M. Kaibui, P. K. Njenga & P. O. Odhiambo
Title: Utilisation of priority traditional medicinal plants and local people's knowledge on their conservation status in arid lands of Kenya (Mwingi District) Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 6:22 (2010) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-6-22 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/6/1/22
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) infected eyes, sap of Hymenodictyon parviflolium directly applied on infected eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya ( Mwing districti)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

1 reference(s) for Hypericum annulatum Moris
Official name: Hypericum annulatum Moris
Family: Hypericaceae
Reference HT 43
Author: Teklay, A., B. Abera, M. Giday
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 9:65 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/65
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eye infection, dry leaves of Hypericum annulatum , grind, add butter and apply on affected part
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia, Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region
Vernacular name: aklti (Tigrigna)

1 reference(s) for Hyphaene sp.
Official name: Hyphaene sp.
Family: Palmae
Reference VO 01
Author: Ohta Itaru
Title: Turkana's view of livestock diseases. African study monographs, Supp. issue 3, 71 - 93, (1984)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001), red eyes (lokonyen), leaves + ashes of hyenas, powder breathed in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Turkana)
Vernacular name: ekingoli

1 reference(s) for Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart.
Official name: Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart.
Family: Palmae
Pictures: Hyphaene_thebaica2.jpg , Hyphaene_thebaica3.jpg , Hyphaene_thebaica4.jpg , HA06Hyph_ thebaica.jpg , Hyphaene_thebaica1.jpg
Reference VA 07
Author: Agab, H.
Title: Traditional treatment methods of camels in eastern Sudanwith emphasis on firing. Journal of Camel Practice and Research, Volume 5, 1, 161 - 164, (1998)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vch(001), leaves, extract filaments, antiseptic, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Sudan (East)
Vernacular name: dom

1 reference(s) for Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Official name: Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Indigofera_arrecta1.jpg , Indigofera_arrecta2.jpg , HA05Indigofera_arrecta.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(016), V(020), V(035)
Recipes: Vb(001,4), leaves, juice, drops in eyes
Vb(016,1), leaves, juice,VO.
Vb(016,1), leaves,+ roots, crushed+ salt + butter, ointment on the udder
Vb(020,1), leaves, juice, to sprinkle, Hymenocardia acida + Indigofera arrecta + Asparagus africanus
Vb(028,1), roots, decoction, lenema
Vb(035,2), leaves, juice, VO. + drops in eyes and nostrils
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umushingisha, umusorora (Kirundi)

1 reference(s) for Indigofera asparagoides Taub.
Official name: Indigofera asparagoides Taub.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: HR08Indigofera_asparagoides.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(029)
Recipes: Vb(001, 2), stems, leaves, juice, drops in eyes
Vb(029,3), stems leaves, juice, VO.
Vb(029,1), leaves, juice + salt, VO. + icegeko + Indigofera asparagoides+ Dissotis canescens + Rytigynia kiwuensis + Allophylus africanus
Vb(029,1), leaves, juice, + crushed+ icegeko + Anisopappus africanus + Helichrysum forskahlii + Indigofera asparagoides + Adenia bequaertii
Vb(029,1), leaves, infusion, crushed, VO., icegeko + Bothriocline ugandensis + Indigofera asparagoides + Pavonia urens + Adenia bequaertii
Vb(029,1), leaves, juice + salt, VO., Acalypha ambigua + Indigofera asparagoides + Allophylus africanus
icegeko: treatment for the sterile cows and those that refuse to be suck. The pulp plundered with the plant is introduced into the vagina, later one removes it soaked of lochies if the cow gave birth recently . One carries the whole in the nostrils of the cow. One expresses the juice and one arranges the rests of the plant on the calf coated with salt.The cow will lick the calf who will be allowed to suck
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: urwibagiza (celle qui amène l'oubli) (Kirundi)

1 reference(s) for Indigofera tinctoria L.
Official name: Indigofera tinctoria L.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Indigofera bergii Vatke
Pictures: Indigofera_tinctoria1.jpg , Indigofera_tinctoria3.jpg , Indigofera_tinctoria2.jpg , Indigofera_tinctoria4.jpg , HA06Indigofera_tinctoria.jpg
Reference VK 17
Author: Koumare, F.
Title: Quelques données sur les conceptions et la pratique de la médecine et pharmacopée vétérinaires indigènes. Ouvrage inédit, 81 p. , (1933) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(008), V(059), V(113)
Recipes: Vb(001), pounded leaves with a piece of garlic, liquid, eye drops, affect eyes = gnaous-guites
Vb(004), dried leaves , powder, wound with little worms
Vb(008), (tjartel = diarh.), pounded leaves , maceration, 1/4 l. H2O, VO.
Vb(059), (m'boye guite), pounded leaves , infusion, Guiera senegalensis + Combretum ghasalense + pods Allium cepa, in bran of millet
Vo(113), (moguere, mokere), pounded leaves , maceration H2O, lotion for open wounds of eyes
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: gara , gala

1 reference(s) for Jatropha curcas L.
Official name: Jatropha curcas L.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms: Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.; Jatropha afrocurcas Pax.
Pictures: Jatropha_curcas4.jpg , HA05Jatropha _curcas.jpg , Jatropha_curcas1.jpg , Jatropha_curcas2.jpg , Jatropha_curcas3.jpg
Reference VO 14
Author: Olila, D., R. Bukenya-Ziraba and D. Kamoga
Title: Bio-Prospective Studies on Medicinal Plants Used to Manage Poultry Diseases in the Mount Elgon Region of Uganda. Research Journal of Pharmacology 1 (3): 56-60, 2007
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vv(001) swollen eyes, mites onto eyes, apply sap onto eyes 2 times / day for 3 days
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda. (Mount Elgon Region)
Vernacular name: lisanda (Lugisu)

1 reference(s) for Kalanchoe crenata (Andr.) Haw.
Official name: Kalanchoe crenata (Andr.) Haw.
Family: Crassulaceae
Pictures: HA21Kalanchoe_crenata.jpg , Kalanchoe_crenata1.jpg , Kalanchoe_crenata2.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(053), V(105), V(123)
Recipes: Vc(008) diarrhoea, 1 handfull of leaves of Psidium guajava of Sida rhombifolia of Kalanchoe crenata of Harungana madagascariensis, to pound, maceration in one glass H2O, VO. during 3 days
Vv(001) conjunctivitis (sosoliso), leaves of Kalanchoe crenata, juice en drops in eyes, 2 drops in eyes / day during 3 days
Vv(053), to pound the leaves of Kalanchoe crenata, juice en drops in ears 2 X / day during 5 days
Vv(105) + Vv(008) white or red diarrhoea , juice of Kalanchoe crenata, 5 drops, VO.
Vc(123), 1 handfull of leaves of Kalanchoe crenata, powder of ONS. of Alstonia congensis of Spilanthes mauritiana. 100 gr of powder in 1 glass H2O, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kineke (Lega), ireke (Mashi), lunekeneke, cikugwa (Mashi), kikanya, kitekenya (Nande), kinetenete (Swahili), igitenetene (Kinyarwanda)

1 reference(s) for Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family: Bignoniaceae
Synonyms: Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.; Kigelia aculifolia Engl. ex Sprague
Pictures: Kigelia_africana3.jpg , Kigelia_africana1.jpg , Kigelia_africana2.jpg , HA06Kig_africana.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(037), V(047)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes pink (lokiyo) paste with leaf of Kigelia africana ash and animal butterin eyes (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(001) eyes problems (ngakonyen), fruit of Balanites aegyptiaca mixed with ashes of leaves of Kigelia africana, in eyes (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(008) blody calf diarrhoea (aremor ka ngakot) , H2O extract from roots of Acolypha fruticosa, of Kigelia africana , RNS. (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(037) pleuropneumonia (Contagious bovine/caprine) (loukoi), paste from ashes of roots (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(047) heartwater (lokou), H2O extract of barks and fruits, RNS. (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: edodoi (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Kolobopetalum chevalieri (Hutch. & Dalz.) Troupin
Official name: Kolobopetalum chevalieri (Hutch. & Dalz.) Troupin
Family: Menispermaceae
Reference VC 04
Author: Collectif
Title: Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, Spermatophytes. Publications I.N.E.A.C., Bruxelles, Vol. I à VII et IX, (1948 - 1960)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001), ONS., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: bongolo (Yakonde), limpata (Lokundu), engwogwo (Babwa), isinghia (Dundusana), lilutaluta (Turumbu)

1 reference(s) for Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
Official name: Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Lablab niger Medic.
Pictures: Lablab_purpureus3.jpg , Lablab_purpureus4.jpg , HR09Lablab_purpureus.jpg , Lablab_purpureus1.jpg , Lablab_purpureus2.jpg
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vc(001), Vo(001), seeds, pounded, to warm, ashes in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Embu)
Vernacular name: njavi (Embu)

1 reference(s) for Lactuca schimperi Jaub. & Spach
Official name: Lactuca schimperi Jaub. & Spach
Family: Asteraceae
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(002)
Recipes: Vb(002) hypogalactia, 1 handfull of leaves of Euphorbia prostrata of Euphorbia schimperiana of Periploca linearifolia of Lobelia giberroa of Lactuca schimperi, to pound, to dilute in 1 liter H2O + salt, VO. 2 X / day during 3 days
Vc(001) conjunctivitis, juice crushed leaves of Lactuca schimperi, 1 drop in the eyes 1 X / day during 3 days
Vc(002), ONS of Lactuca schimperi of Periploca linearifolia + 200 gr of local salt (muloba), to pound, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: mnyamarha, magoba (Mashi), mugambegembe (Fuliro)

1 reference(s) for Lantana camara L.
Official name: Lantana camara L.
Family: Verbenaceae
Synonyms: Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Pictures: Lantana_camara7.jpg , Lantana_camara_fa06016.jpg , Lantana_camara2.jpg , Lantana_camara4.jpg , Lantana_camara6.jpg , HA01Lantana_camara.jpg , Lantana_camara_fa06017.jpg , Lantana_camara1.jpg , Lantana_camara3.jpg , Lantana_camara5.jpg
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(014), V(020), V(025)
Recipes: Vb(001), ONS., RNS.
V(014) measles, to rubber with crushed leaves, RNS.
V(014) dermatosis, ONS., RNS.
V(020) snake, decoction of fruits, morning and evening, RNS.
Vb(025) pyroplasmosis, ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: kashukanshuha (shi)

1 reference(s) for Lantana rugosa Thunb.
Official name: Lantana rugosa Thunb.
Family: Verbenaceae
Pictures: Lantana_rugosa1.jpg , Lantana_rugosa2.jpg , Lantana_rugosa3.jpg
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001), V(012)
Recipes: V(001) strong astringent , ophtalmia and conjunctivites paste or infusion of leaves of Lantana rugosa ( Jaluo)
V(012), ash leaves, buried under the paw, favor cure ( Sotho)
Region: South Africa
Country: East and South Africa
Vernacular name: not registered

4 reference(s) for Lantana trifolia L.
Official name: Lantana trifolia L.
Family: Verbenaceae
Pictures: Lantana_trifolia2.jpg , HR08Lantana_trifolia.jpg , Lantana_trifolia1.jpg , Lantana_trifolia4.jpg , Lantana_trifolia3.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(010), V(027), V(029), V(035), V(036)
Recipes: Vb(01,1), leaves, juice,drops in eyes
Vb(10,1), leaves, juice, VO.
Vb(27,1), leaves, juice, VO.
Vb(29,1), leaves, juice, crushed,VO. + icegeko
Vb(35,8), leaves, juice, VO.
Vb(36,2), leaves, juice, VO.icegeko: treatment for the sterile cows and those that refuse to be suck. The pulp plundered with the plant is introduced into the vagina, later one removes it soaked of lochies if the cow gave birth recently . One carries the whole in the nostrils of the cow. One expresses the juice and one arranges the rests of the plant on the calf coated with salt.The cow will lick the calf who will be allowed to suck
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umuhengerihengeri (Kirundi)
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(020), V(139)
Recipes: Vb(020) snake, application on bite of pounded leaves of Lantana trifolia + VO. juice of leaves of Carduus nyassanus
Vb(020) snake, to rub the wound with excrements of cow then crush 2 handfull of fruits of Lantana camara and the leaves of Lantana trifolia, maceration, VO.
Vb(139) frigidity, aphrodisiac, the male refuse the coit, leaves of Colocasia antiquorum of Lantana trifolia, the bananas Musa sapientum, to pound, introduce in the vagina of the cow
Vc(001) exophtalmia, crushed leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia, juice, 2 drops in eyes 1 X / day during 7 days
Vc(001) exophtalmia, 4 leaves of Lantana trifolia and 4 leaves of Bidens pilosa , 4 sumits with flowers of Dichrocephala integrifolia, to crush, juice, 2 drops in eyes 1 X / day during 7 days
Vc(001) exophtalmia, juice of crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Commelina benghalensis of Conyza sumatrensis of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lantana trifolia of Lepidium divaricatum of Spilanthes mauritiana, 1 drop in the eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kahengerihengeri, kashukanshuha (Mashi), kahengeleengele (Lega), umuhengeri (Kinyarwanda), kalasu (Kinande), kahembakataikera (Nande)
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001), V(020)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Vb(020) viper, extraction H20 with fruits of Lantana camara of Lantana trifolia, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: kahengerehengere
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(068)
Recipes: V(001), conjonctivitis, sao of leaves, RNS.
V(068), anthelminthic, maceration of pounded leaves, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: kahengerehengere, kahengerihengeri (Shi), umuhengeli (Kinyaruanda)

1 reference(s) for Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br
Official name: Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br
Family: Lamiaceae
Pictures: Leonotis_leonorus1.jpg , Leonotis_leonorus2.jpg
Reference VM 35
Author: Masika P.J., Van Averbeke W. and Sonandi A
Title: Use of herbal remedies by small-scale farmers to treat livestock diseases in Central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Volume 71, 87–91. (2000). http://www.jsava.co.za/index.php/jsava/article/viewFile/685/659
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eye inflammation, drops from squeezed leaf of Leonotis leonurus,
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Central Eastern Cape Province)
Vernacular name: umfincafincane (Xhosa)

1 reference(s) for Lepidium divaricatum Aiton
Official name: Lepidium divaricatum Aiton
Family: Brassicaceae
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vv(001) exophtalmia, juice of crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Commelina benghalensis of Conyza sumatrensis of Eragrostis tenuifolia of Lantana trifolia of Lepidium divaricatum of Spilanthes mauritiana, 1 drop in the eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: muzanganula (Mashi), muzanganula (Lega)

1 reference(s) for Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
Official name: Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne.
Family: Asclepiadaceae
Synonyms: Leptadenia lancifolia (Schumach & Thonn.) Decne.
Pictures: HA06Leptadenia_hastata.jpg , Leptadenia_hastata2.jpg , Leptadenia_hastata1.jpg
Reference VB 05
Author: Berhaut, J.
Title: Flore illustrée du Sénégal, 5 tomes.Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural et de l'hydraulique, Direction des eaux et forêts, Dakar, (1971 - 1975)
Symptoms: V(001), V(104)
Recipes: Veq(001), to wash with a roots decoction
Veq(104), maceration of pounded roots + 1 to 2 eggs , RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal
Vernacular name: zoné, sarafo (Bambara); bu sumba amata, fu takad (Diola), sapato, safato (Foula); sora (Malinké); tapatoy, kasubi, safato, sabato,sapatoy (Peul), tahat, mbun, sehet, mbun téré(Volof)

1 reference(s) for Leucas abyssinica (Benth.) Briq.
Official name: Leucas abyssinica (Benth.) Briq.
Family: Lamiaceae
Reference HW 07
Author: Wondimu Tigist, Asfaw Arsi, Kelbessa Ensermu
Title: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants around 'Dheeraa' town, Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 112, pp. 152-161, (2007)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes diseases, twigs of Leucas abyssinica are crushed and coated on eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Arsi zone)
Vernacular name: asaalee

1 reference(s) for Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Official name: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Family: Solanaceae
Pictures: Lycopersicon_esculentum4.jpg , Lycopersicon_esculentum2.jpg , Lycopersicon_esculentum5.jpg , Lycopersicon_esculentum1.jpg , Lycopersicon_esculentum3.jpg , HA07Lycopersicon_ esculentum.jpg
Reference VM 38
Author: Mwale, M., E. Bhebhe, M. Chimonyo, T.E. Halimani
Title: Use of Herbal Plants in Poultry Health Management in the Mushagashe Small-Scale Commercial Farming Area in Zimbabwe The International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2005
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vv(001, 1) eye problem, leaves of Lycopersicon esculentum, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe (Mushagashe Small-Scale Commercial Farming Area)
Vernacular name: tomato

1 reference(s) for Maerua crassifolia Forssk.
Official name: Maerua crassifolia Forssk.
Family: Capparaceae
Synonyms: Maerua rigida R. Br.
Pictures: B5NordMaerua_crassifolia.jpg , Maerua_crassifolia.jpg
Reference VT 2k
Author: Timberlake, J. R.
Title: Ethnobotany of the Pokot of Nothern Kenya, 106 p., (1987)Unpublished report. East African Herbarium, Nairobi.Multigraphié. Center for Economic Botany, Royal Botanic Gardens.Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UK.
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(078), V(137), V(201)
Recipes: V(001), V(004), V(078), V(137), crushed leaves put on cuts, sores and swellings of domestic animals. Crushed leaves or roots mixed with goatt milk used as eyedrops for livestock. Leaves used in releasing curses.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (North region)
Vernacular name: tuwio

1 reference(s) for Maerua parvifolia Pax
Official name: Maerua parvifolia Pax
Family: Capparaceae
Pictures: Maerua_parvifolia1.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (acute syndrome) (adeikin), paste of leaves of Maerua parvifolia in eyes (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(001) eyes (painful red) (aribo akongu), masticate leaves of Maerua parvifolia and spit into affected eye (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Vb(001) eyes (pink) (lokiyo), masticate leaves of Maerua parvifolia and spit into affected eye (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: eurukanyin (Ngakarimojong)

2 reference(s) for Microglossa oblongifolia O. Hoffm.
Official name: Microglossa oblongifolia O. Hoffm.
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Conyza pyrrhopappa A. Rich. subsp. oblongifolia (O
Reference VR 04
Author: Rimbach, L.
Title: Traditional methods of treating cattle diseases. Report for ASA (Studienaufenthalte in Africa, Asien und Latein-Amerika), 19 p., (1977) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), leaves, maceration, drops in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Masai)
Vernacular name: ol dessa (Massai)maashu, mshashaw (shambala)
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004)
Recipes: Vb(001), leaves maceration, local application
Vb(004), ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania, Kenya (Masai)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Microglossa sp.
Official name: Microglossa sp.
Family: Asteraceae
Reference VS 02
Author: Schinkel, H.- G.
Title: Haltung, Zucht und Pflege des Viehs bei den Nomaden Ost-und Nordostafrikas. Beit. zur trad. Okon. der Wanderhirten in semiarid.Gebieten, Kap.6, 253 - 262: Veröffentlichungen des Mus.für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig, Heft 21, Akad.-Verlag, Berlin, (1970) From reference VB 10
Symptoms: V(001), V(040), V(013)
Recipes: V(001), V(004), V(013x), ONS, decoction, local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya, Tanzania (Masaï)
Vernacular name: ol abai (Masaï)

1 reference(s) for Mirabilis jalapa L.
Official name: Mirabilis jalapa L.
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Pictures: Mirabilis_jalapa2.jpg , Mirabilis_jalapa3.jpg , Mirabilis_jalapa4.jpg , Mirabilis_jalapa1.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001) conjunctivitis, powder of seeds of Mirabilis jalapa diluted in 1cc H2O, 1 drop in the eyes
Vc(001) cataract, scraped barks of banana tree (Musa sapientum?), flowers of Mirabilis jalapa, to crush, juice, drops in eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kalofomo (Swahili)

1 reference(s) for Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Official name: Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) K.Schum.
Family: Rubiaceae
Synonyms: Nauclea africana Willd.
Pictures: Mitragyna_inermis1.jpg , HA06Mitragyna_ inermis.jpg
Reference VK 17
Author: Koumare, F.
Title: Quelques données sur les conceptions et la pratique de la médecine et pharmacopée vétérinaires indigènes. Ouvrage inédit, 81 p. , (1933) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(020), V(053)
Recipes: Vb(001) + Vb(020), chewed buds, to sprinkle, +Spitter powders fragments of pottery, mixed, ointment on eyes to destroythe sticky and harmful saliva of the snake
Vo(053), (nofel), pounded leaves, powder in wound of a incision of the oedema of the base of the ear
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: djoun

1 reference(s) for Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name: Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms: Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Pictures: Momordica_foetida1.jpg , HA21Momordica_foetida.jpg
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(039), V(050), V(068)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (pink) (lokiyo), juice of fruits of Momordica foetida in eyes (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(004) wounds (ajome), Cucumis sp and Momordica foetida fruits juice + salt, local application (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(039) lice (ngilac), H2O extract of fruits, local application (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Vb(039) lice, urine extract with juice of leaves of Momordica foetida, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, old ashes, wash (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(039) lice, juice of leaves of Momordica foetida mixed with urine or H2O and old ashes, wash (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(050) bloat (ekibuton), H2O extract of roots of of fruits, stems, RNS. (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(068) maggotss (ngikur ke kwam), juice of fruits, local application (receipt from the Bokora and the Tepeth tribes)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: eyome (Ngakarimojong)

1 reference(s) for Musa sapientum L.
Official name: Musa sapientum L.
Family: Musaceae
Pictures: Musa_sapientum4.jpg , Musa_sapientum5.jpg , Musa_sapientum2.jpg , Musa_sapientum3.jpg , Musa_sapientum1.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(012), V(014), V(139),
Recipes: Vb(004) ulcerous wound, to rub the skin with the pickings of fresh bananas 2 X / day during 6 days
Vb(014) hoof panaris, ashes of banana (Musa sapientum), local application
Vb(139) frigidity, aphrodisiac, refusal of coït by the femal, put 1 banana (Musa sapientum) tied with a rope in the vagina and to remove it when the femal is presented to the male
Vb(139) frigidity, aphrodisiac, the male refuse the coit, to pound the leaves of Urtica massaica, le bulb of Gladiolus psittacinus , 1 banana Musa sapientum, 1 wild yam Dioscorea bulbifera, mettre le tout sur la litière of la femelle
Vb(139) frigidity, aphrodisiac, the male refuse the coit, leaves of Colocasia antiquorum of Lantana trifolia , the bananas Musa sapientum, to pound, introduce in the vagina of the cow
Vc(001) cataract, scraped barks of banana tree (Musa sapientum?), flowers of Mirabilis jalapa, to crush, juice, drops in eyes
Vc(014) itch (lugugu, lushita), leaves of Vernonia amygdalina of Tephrosia vogelii of Aspilia africana of Capsicum frutescens of barks of Rauvolfia vomitoria of burned barks of bananas (Musa sapientum) + palm oil
Vc(012), pounded leaves, macereted of Dissotis brazzae + to pound of leaves of manioc (Manihot esculenta), to put in 1 leaf of banana tree (Musa sapientum), warm in the heat of the fire, pour the juice on the fracture
Vpc(004) wounds on ears, juice of leaves of Tetradenia riparia of Leonotis naepetifolia of Musa sapientum on the wound
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kisamunyu (Swahili) binyamunyu (Mashi)

1 reference(s) for Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name: Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family: Rubiaceae
Synonyms: Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Pictures: Nauclea_latifolia2.jpg , Nauclea_latifolia3.jpg , Nauclea_latifolia1.jpg , HA05Nauclea_latifolia.jpg
Reference VA 17
Author: Assogba, M.N.
Title: Quelques enquêtes sur la pharmacopée traditionnelle vétérinaire en République populaire du Bénin. 13ème Conférence de la Société ouest africaine de pharmacologie, 23-24-25 février 1984 à Cotonou. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique. Collège polytechnique universitaire, 107 p., (1984)
Symptoms: V(001), V(104)
Recipes: Vb(001), stem's barks, young shoots, to warm, to grind, instillation juice
Vb(104), dried roots, scrape, crush scrapings with intestines porcupine, powder who can be preserved, dilute H2O, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: ganyerou (Bariba)bakourehi (Peul)

1 reference(s) for Nicotiana sp.
Official name: Nicotiana sp.
Family: Solanaceae
Reference VF 05
Author: Fison, T.
Title: Some ethnoveterinary information from South Sudan Undated document http://www.vetwork.org.uk/evkfison.pdf
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) keratitis (nyintok or madhany), chew tobacco and spit into the eye.(Dinka)
Vb(041) anthrax (jok nyal, anyuin, jok tak), soak tobacco in water, apply to nostrils to provoke sneezing.(Dinka)
Region: East Africa
Country: South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name: not registered by the author

10 reference(s) for Nicotiana tabacum L.
Official name: Nicotiana tabacum L.
Family: Solanaceae
Pictures: Nicotiana_tabacum3.jpg , Nicotiana_tabacum1.jpg , Nicotiana_tabacum2.jpg , Nicotiana_tabacum5.jpg , Nicotiana_tabacum6.jpg , Nicotiana_tabacum_fa05056.jpg , Nicotiana_tabacum4.jpg , HA06Nicotiana_tabacum.jpg
Reference HA 53
Author: Amenu, E.
Title: Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya woreda) West Shoa, Ethopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach A Thesis submited to the school of graduate studies, Addis Ababan, Ethiopia, 104 p. June 2007
Symptoms: V(001), V(039), V(054), V(068), V(202)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye infection, leaf of Nicotiana tabacum is chewed and spitted on cattle eye.
Vb(039) expel leeches, crushed and backed leaf of Nicotiana tabacum is dried, powdered and mixed with water. One third of a litter is given to cattle.
Vb(054) trypanosomiasis (gandii), crushed and backed leaf of Nicotiana tabacum is given to cattle.
Vb(068) internal parasites, leaf of Nicotiana tabacum is pounded with root of Carissa spinarum and mixed with water. A cup of tella (traditional beer made from teff) given to calf.
Vb(202) blotting, leaf and root of Nicotiana tabacum is dried, powdered, mixed with salt and made as bread. Slice is given to cattle for three days
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia, Oromya Region, West Shoa Zone in Chelya woreda.
Vernacular name: tamboo nyaata (Afaan Oromoo)
Reference VA 31
Author: Abubakar Swaleh
Title: Ethnoveterinaty Medicine in 0rmaland-Kenya. Dissertation submitted for a Master of Science Degree in Tropical Animal Production and Health. Center for Tropical Medicine (CTVM), University of Edinburgh, UK, 1999. (recorded from the WWW site: http://www.ethnovetweb.com )
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) (dukub illa), Nicotiana tabacum is chewed and spat into both eyes 1X/day during 3 days
Vb(038) oestrus ovis infestation (sharaqito), 1 pinch of Nicotiana tabacum is administred in nose n1X/day during 3 days
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Ormaland)
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VB 14
Author: Byavu, N., C. Henrard, M. Dubois & F. Malaisse
Title: Phytothérapie traditionnelle des bovins dans les élevages de la plaine de la Rusizi, Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 4 (3), 135 - 156, (2000)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(010), V(020), V(035), V(068)
Recipes: Vb(001), juice of leaves in eyes
Vb(004), powder of leaves on wounds
Vb(010), maceration of leaves, Tetradenia riparia + Musa sapientum (or Musa paradisiaca) + Nicotiana tabacum, to paint the mouth
Vb(010), powder of tabac ( Nicotiana tabacum ) + peels of banana , friction hoofs
Vb(020), V.O. , liquid from pounded leaves , (kashomalenge + humuzangazanga + Nicotiana tabacum(vert)+ Manihot esculenta + pounded roots of Amaranthus spinosus + green fruit of Nicotiana tabacum, + compresses of the residue
Vb(035), pounded leaves, after 24 h. + milk, filter, VO., 1 glass during 3 days
Vb(068), VO., 1/2 glass , pounded leaves, after 24 h. + milk, to filter
Vb(068), maceration green leaves, to wash hurts
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Rusizi, Kivu)
Vernacular name: itabi (Kinyarwanda)
Reference VB 17
Author: Bekalo, I., M. Keengwe, E. Mathias, P. Mundy & al.
Title: ITDG and IIRR. Ethnoveterinary medicine in Kenya.A field manual of traditional animal health care practice.Intermediate Technology Development Group and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya, 226 p., (1996)
Symptoms: V(001), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001) filaria, Vc(001) filaria,Vo(001) filaria, 3 to 4 leaves , juice, 3 to 4 drops in each eyes 1 X / day during 3 days (Kipsigis)
Vb(001, 4), Vch(001, 4),Veq(001, 4),Vc(001, 4), Vo(001, 4), 10 gr. tabaco + 15 ml. H20, only once otherwise can make blind
Vch(039)leechs, Vb(039)leechs, Veq(039)leechs, Vc(039)leechs, Vo(039)leechs, 50 gr. tabac + 0,5 l H2O, VO., (Kipsigis, Kamba, Samburu)
V(039)ticks, 250 gr. leaves + 4 l H2O, decoction + 1l H2O with soap, wash the animal
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Gikuyu) (Kipsigis) (Somali) (Turkana) (Kamba) (Samburu)
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(006), V(037), V(085), V(104), V(108), V(117)
Recipes: V(001), cataract, juice of old leaves + milk, RNS.
V(006) + V(104), gastro-enteritis, ONS., RNS.
V(014)mange, leaves, RNS.
V(037), lung (tuberculosis?), ONS., RNS.
V(085)diphteria, ONS., RNS.
V(098), ONS., RNS.
V(117), anaplasmosis, ONS., RNS.
Vv(108)cold, infusion with pilipili and irhuza (Desmodium repandum?), RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: irhabi (shi), itabi (kinyaruanda)
Reference VE 04
Author: Ejobi, F., R.D. Mosha, S. Ndege & D. Kamoga
Title: Etno-Veterinary Medicinal Plants of the Lake Victoria Basin: A Bioprospection Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (2): 257-261 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) conjuctivitis, ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Lake Victoria Basin:)
Vernacular name: ugoro (Swahili / Sukuma)
Reference VG 01
Author: Gelfand, M., S. Mavi, R.B. Drummond & B. Ndemera
Title: The traditional medical practitioner in Zimbabwe. His principles of practice and pharmacopoeia. Mambo Press, Gweru, Zimbabwe, 411 p., (1985)
Symptoms: V(001), V(039)
Recipes: Vo(039 , f) worms in nose , V(001, f) , ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe (zone shona)
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VG 25
Author: Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009)
Symptoms: V(001), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes (acute syndrome) (adeikin), fermented snuff of leaves of Nicotiana tabacum (etaba), pinch of snuff placed directly in the eye, 3 days later a drop of cassava alcohol and sprinkle tetracycline powder (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Vb(039) lice, urine extract with juice of leaves of Momordica foetida, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, old ashes, wash (receipt from the Bokora tribe)
Vb(039) fleas (ngikadesides), Vb(039) mosquito control (akiretakin ngithiru), urine extract of leaves of Nicotiana tabacum + old ashes, wash (receipt from the Tepeth tribe)
Vb(039) ticks (ngimadang), dissolve snuff in water, add urine, wash (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name: epeladek (Ngakarimojong)
Reference VL 02
Author: Lawrence, J.C.D.
Title: The Iteso: Fifty years of change in a nilo-hamitic tribe of Uganda. Animal husbandry , 143 - 147, (1957) London - Oxford - New York - Toronto, University Press. From reference: VB 10
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), infusion ONS., drops in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Iteso)
Vernacular name: not registered
Reference VV 09
Author: van der Merwe, D., G. E. Swan, C. J. Botha
Title: Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 72, 189-196, (2001)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) infection, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (North West Province)
Vernacular name: motsoko (Setswana)

1 reference(s) for Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name: Ocimum basilicum L.
Family: Lamiaceae
Pictures: Ocimum_basilicum_fa05079.jpg , Ocimum_basilicum_fa05080.jpg , HA08Ocimum_basilicum.jpg , Ocimum_basilicum.jpg
Reference VE 04
Author: Ejobi, F., R.D. Mosha, S. Ndege & D. Kamoga
Title: Etno-Veterinary Medicinal Plants of the Lake Victoria Basin: A Bioprospection Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (2): 257-261 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) conjunetivitis, ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Lake Victoria Basin:)
Vernacular name: malumba (Swahili / Sukuma)

1 reference(s) for Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name: Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family: Lamiaceae
Synonyms: Ocimum urticifolium Roth
Pictures: HA01Ocimum_ gratissimum.jpg , Ocimum_gratissimum1.jpg
Reference VM 10
Author: Minja, M.M.J.
Title: Medicinal plants used in promotion of animal health in Tanzania. Animal Diseases Research Instit., Dep. Pharmacology/ Toxic., Dar Es Salaam. Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 335 - 364, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001), V(106)
Recipes: V(001), seeds in eye
V(106), leaves, insecticids, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Mbarali district)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Olea africana Miller
Official name: Olea africana Miller
Family: Oleaceae
Pictures: Olea_africana1.jpg
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), leaves, infusion, cold lotion
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Thlaping)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Olea europaea L.
Official name: Olea europaea L.
Family: Oleaceae
Pictures: Olea_europaea1.jpg , Olea_europaea2.jpg , Olea_europaea4.jpg , Olea_europaea3.jpg
Reference VD 17
Author: Dold, A.P. & M.L. Cocks
Title: Traditional veterinary medicine in the Alice district of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 97 , 375–379. (2001)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(038)
Recipes: Vc(001), eyes lotion, ONS. of Olea europaea, RNS.
Vb(038) endometritis, vaginitis, leaves, RNS.
Vc(008) diarrhoea in goats, barks infusion
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Alice district of the Eastern Cape)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Olea europaea subsp. africana (Mill.) P.S. Green
Official name: Olea europaea subsp. africana (Mill.) P.S. Green
Family: Oleaceae
Synonyms: Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G.Don) Cif.
Pictures: Olea_europaea_africana1.jpg
Reference VH 15
Author: Hutchings A., Lewis G. and Cunningham A
Title: Zulu Medicinal Plants: An Inventory (Paperback). University of Natal Press. Pietermeritzburg. (1996) From reference VD 17, HP 50, VM 18
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) in eye lotion for humans and animals using the leaf has been recorded in Africa (from Reference VD 17)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa
Vernacular name: not registered

2 reference(s) for Oxalis corniculata L.
Official name: Oxalis corniculata L.
Family: Oxalidaceae
Synonyms: Oxalis radicosa A.Rich.
Pictures: Oxalis_corniculata1.jpg , Oxalis_corniculata2.jpg , Oxalis_corniculata3.jpg , HA21Oxalis_corniculata.jpg , Oxalis_corniculata4.jpg , Oxalis_corniculata5.jpg , HL13Oxalis_corniculata.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001) conjunctivitis, to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Drymaria cordata of Oxalis radicosa, juice, 2 drops in each eye 3 X / day during 5 days
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: nakaranga (Mashi), nyarumabumba (Kinyarwanda)
Reference VK 02
Author: Kabugare, A.
Title: Pratiques de médecine vétérinaire en milieu indigène. Servir, Revue bimestrielle du Groupe scolaire Astrida (Butare, Rwanda), 1ère année, n° 6, 246 - 251, (1952)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), decoction leaves, eyes instillation
Region: Central Africa
Country: Rwanda
Vernacular name: ubwunyubwanyamanza

2 reference(s) for Oxygonum sinuatum (Meissn.) Dammer
Official name: Oxygonum sinuatum (Meissn.) Dammer
Family: Polygonaceae
Pictures: Oxygonum_sinuatum1.jpg , HR08Oxygonum_sinuatum.jpg
Reference VM 10
Author: Minja, M.M.J.
Title: Medicinal plants used in promotion of animal health in Tanzania. Animal Diseases Research Instit., Dep. Pharmacology/ Toxic., Dar Es Salaam. Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 335 - 364, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), lotion decoction roots
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Marangu-Moshi district)
Vernacular name: mbiinu (Chagga)
Reference VM 11
Author: Mkangare, M.M.J.
Title: Collection of Tanzanian medicinal plants for biological activity studies. Proceedings of the 7th Tanzania veterinary association scientific conference. Tanzania Veterinary Association, Vol. 7, 67- 78, (1989) De la référence VB 10
Symptoms: V(001), V(090)
Recipes: V(001), roots, RNS..V(090), leaves, RNS., during pregnacy
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania
Vernacular name: mbiinu, mpelu, mnemvu

1 reference(s) for Pavetta ternifolia (Oliv.) Hiern
Official name: Pavetta ternifolia (Oliv.) Hiern
Family: Rubiaceae
Pictures: Pavetta_ternifolia1.jpg , HR08Pavetta_ternifolia.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, juice, drops in eyes, tumor in eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umunyamabuye , umumenamabuye (Kirundi)

1 reference(s) for Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Official name: Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Family: Palmae
Pictures: Phoenix_reclinata3.jpg , Phoenix_reclinata1.jpg , Phoenix_reclinata2.jpg
Reference HA 53
Author: Amenu, E.
Title: Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya woreda) West Shoa, Ethopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach A Thesis submited to the school of graduate studies, Addis Ababan, Ethiopia, 104 p. June 2007
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye disease, leaf and stem of Phoenix reclinata and leaf of Premna resinosa are chewed together and spitted on cattle eye.
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia, Oromya Region, West Shoa Zone in Chelya woreda.
Vernacular name: meexxi (Afaan Oromoo)

1 reference(s) for Phyllanthus parvulus Sond.
Official name: Phyllanthus parvulus Sond.
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Reference VV 09
Author: van der Merwe, D., G. E. Swan, C. J. Botha
Title: Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 72, 189-196, (2001)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), aerial part of Phyllanthus parvulus, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (North West Province)
Vernacular name: lentsane (Setswana)

1 reference(s) for Phyllanthus parvulus var. garipensis (E. Mey. ex Drège) Radcl.-Sm.
Official name: Phyllanthus parvulus var. garipensis (E. Mey. ex Drège) Radcl.-Sm.
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Synonyms: Phyllanthus burchellii Müll. Arg.
Reference VV 09
Author: van der Merwe, D., G. E. Swan, C. J. Botha
Title: Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 72, 189-196, (2001)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), aerial part of Phyllanthus burchellii, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (North West Province)
Vernacular name: lentsane (Setswana)

2 reference(s) for Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name: Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family: Fabaceae
Synonyms: Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Pictures: Piliostigma_thonningii1.jpg , Piliostigma_thonningii2.jpg , HA03Piliostigma_ thonningii.jpg , Piliostigma_thonningii3.jpg
Reference VA 17
Author: Assogba, M.N.
Title: Quelques enquêtes sur la pharmacopée traditionnelle vétérinaire en République populaire du Bénin. 13ème Conférence de la Société ouest africaine de pharmacologie, 23-24-25 février 1984 à Cotonou. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique. Collège polytechnique universitaire, 107 p., (1984)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), stem's barks, chewed, sap, drops in eyes
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: bakourou (Bariba)barkeyi (Peul)klon (Fon)
Reference VN 02
Author: Nwude, N. & M.A. Ibrahim
Title: Plants used in traditional veterinary medical practice in Nigeria. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, Volume 3, 261 - 273, (1980)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), apical part of young leves, maceration H2O., local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: kargo (Hausa)okpo-atu (Igbo)abafe (Yoruba)

1 reference(s) for Pisolithus sp.
Official name: Pisolithus sp.
Family: Sclerodermataceae
Pictures: Pisolithus_sp.1.jpg , Pisolithus_sp.2.jpg , Pisolithus_sp.3.jpg
Reference VG 06
Author: Gérault, A. & D. Thoen
Title: Les champignons dans les pharmacopées traditionnelles de l'Afrique de l'ouest. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 6, n° 1, 45 - 53, (1992)
Symptoms: V(001), V(004), V(033), V(045)
Recipes: V(001), + V(045), powder on eyelids with spores, infect eyes
V(004) + V(045), spores on wounds to heal
Vb(033), Vc(033), Vo(033), spores on the back and the womb before the covering to favor multiple births
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (Thies region) (Sereres Safen people)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Plantago lanceolata L.
Official name: Plantago lanceolata L.
Family: Plantaginaceae
Pictures: Plantago_lanceolata4.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata5.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata9.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata10.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata3.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata12.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata11.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata14.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata13.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata1.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata8.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata2.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata6.jpg , Plantago_lanceolata7.jpg
Reference VC 02
Author: Cihyoka, M. A.
Title: AGEEP-Bushi, Bukavu. Expérience en pharmacopée vétérinaire traditionnelle au Bushi (Kivu/Zaïre). Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 267 - 274, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001)= mulezi, Achyranthes aspera + Bidens pilosa + Dichrocephala integrifolia + Plantago lanceolata ,1 handfull of leaves of each species, pounded + 1/2 l. H2O, 3 … 4 drops morning and evening
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: cibarhama (Mashi)

1 reference(s) for Plantago palmata Hook. f.
Official name: Plantago palmata Hook. f.
Family: Plantaginaceae
Pictures: HR08Plantago_palmata.jpg , Plantago_palmata1.jpg
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(062), V(068), V(094)
Recipes: V(001), juice of leaves + H2O , 4 drops, morning and evening, RNS.
V(008), diarrhoea, juice of leaves + H2O , 4 drops, morning and evening, RNS.
V(062)coccidiosis, maceration of leaves, RNS.
V(066)colibacillosis, infusion of leaves, powder of roots with milk, RNS.
V(094)haemorrhoids, drink of crushed leaves in H2O, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: cibarhama (shi)

2 reference(s) for Plectranthus barbatus Andrews
Official name: Plectranthus barbatus Andrews
Family: Lamiaceae
Synonyms: Plectranthus comosus Sims; Coleus barbatus (Andr.) Benth.; Ocimum cinereum R. Br.
Pictures: Plectranthus_barbatus2.jpg , Plectranthus_barbatus3.jpg , Plectranthus_barbatus1.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(010), V(028), V(033), V(035), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), juice of leaves, drops in eyes
Vb(010,2), juice of leaves, VO
Vb(028,1), Momordica foetida, Plecthranthus barbatusjuice of leaves, VO, massage with the crushed part
Vb(033,1), juice of leaves, VO.
Vb(035,2), juice of leaves, VO.
Vb(039,3), juice of leaves and stems VO,
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: igicuncu (Kirundi)
Reference VB 14
Author: Byavu, N., C. Henrard, M. Dubois & F. Malaisse
Title: Phytothérapie traditionnelle des bovins dans les élevages de la plaine de la Rusizi, Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 4 (3), 135 - 156, (2000)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001)conjonctivitis, crushed leaves, juice, drops in eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Rusizi, Kivu)
Vernacular name: igicunshu (Kinyarwanda), igicuncu (Kirundi)

1 reference(s) for Plumbago zeylanica L.
Official name: Plumbago zeylanica L.
Family: Plumbaginaceae
Pictures: Plumbago_zeylanica9.jpg , Plumbago_zeylanica2.jpg , Plumbago_zeylanica5.jpg , Plumbago_zeylanica3.jpg , Plumbago_zeylanica1.jpg , HA03Plumbago_zeylanica.jpg , Plumbago_zeylanica6.jpg , Plumbago_zeylanica7.jpg , Plumbago_zeylanica8.jpg
Reference VK 13
Author: Kokwaro, J.O.
Title: Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), decoction roots, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: East Africa
Vernacular name: omufumbagese (Nyankore)

1 reference(s) for Pouzolzia denudata De Wild. & Th. Dur.
Official name: Pouzolzia denudata De Wild. & Th. Dur.
Family: Urticaceae
Reference VC 04
Author: Collectif
Title: Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, Spermatophytes. Publications I.N.E.A.C., Bruxelles, Vol. I à VII et IX, (1948 - 1960)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001), leaves, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name: betame (Mobwasa), detanwe (Dundusana), potia-ni-bioi (Eala)

1 reference(s) for Premna oligotricha Baker
Official name: Premna oligotricha Baker
Family: Verbenaceae
Reference HT 43
Author: Teklay, A., B. Abera, M. Giday
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 9:65 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/65
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) synerosis celebralis (livestock) place the whole plant on fire for fumigation
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia, Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region
Vernacular name: sasa (Tigrigna)

1 reference(s) for Premna schimperi Engl.
Official name: Premna schimperi Engl.
Family: Verbenaceae
Reference VT 26
Author: Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Mirutse GidayGirmay Medhim,Yalemtsehay Mekonnen
Title: Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by people around Debre Libanos monastery in Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 111, pp. 271 - 283 ((2007))
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eyes sickness, juice of leaves of Premna schimperi , drops in eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of the Debre Libanos monastery)
Vernacular name: checho (Amharic)

1 reference(s) for Pseudosopubia hildebrandtii (Vatke) Engl.
Official name: Pseudosopubia hildebrandtii (Vatke) Engl.
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Reference VH 6k
Author: Heine, B. & M. Brenzinger
Title: Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 4: Plant of the Borana (Ethiopia and Kenya).296 p., Band 9 (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), bad eyes" chew root, apply mixture solution to mouth and nose
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia & Kenya
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Pterocarpus angolensis DC.
Official name: Pterocarpus angolensis DC.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Pterocarpus_angolensis1.jpg , Pterocarpus_angolensis2.jpg , Pterocarpus_angolensis3.jpg , Pterocarpus_angolensis4.jpg
Reference VG 01
Author: Gelfand, M., S. Mavi, R.B. Drummond & B. Ndemera
Title: The traditional medical practitioner in Zimbabwe. His principles of practice and pharmacopoeia. Mambo Press, Gweru, Zimbabwe, 411 p., (1985)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001, f), drops of juice in eyes (shona)
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe (zone shona)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Official name: Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Family: Fabaceae
Pictures: Pterocarpus_erinaceus1.jpg , Pterocarpus_erinaceus2.jpg , HA06Pterocarpus_erinaceus.jpg , Pterocarpus_erinaceus3.jpg
Reference VK 28
Author: Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou
Title: Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinaty medicine in Northern Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa). South African Journal of Botany, Volume 74, pp. 76 - 84, (2008) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003651
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eyes diseases, decoction of stem barks of Pterocarpus erinaceus, VO., 0,5 l. + drops in eyes
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Northern)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

1 reference(s) for Rhus abyssinica Hochst. ex Oliv.
Official name: Rhus abyssinica Hochst. ex Oliv.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Pictures: Rhus_abyssinica1.jpg , Rhus_abyssinica2.jpg , Rhus_abyssinica3.jpg , Rhus_abyssinica4.jpg
Reference VS 20
Author: Sori, T., M. Bekana, G. Adugna, E. Kelbessa
Title: Medicinal Plants in the Ethnoveterinary Practices of Borana Pastoralists, Southern Ethiopia Intern J. Appl. Res. Vet .Med., Vol. 2, No. 3 (2004)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eye problems, V(014) skin problems, paste of leaves of Rhus abyssinica, topical
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Southern)
Vernacular name: xaxessa (Borana language)

4 reference(s) for Ricinus communis L.
Official name: Ricinus communis L.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms: Ricinus vulgaris Mill.
Pictures: Ricinus_communis2.jpg , HA06Ricinus_communis.jpg , Ricinus_communis_fa04042.jpg , Ricinus_communis_fa04044.jpg , Ricinus_communis.jpg , Ricinus_communis_fa04039.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(002), V(008x), V(022), V(028), V(033)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, juice, drops in eyes
Vb(002,4), leaves, juice, , VO.
Vb(008x,1) (amacikire), leavles, infusion, enema
Vb(022,1), green fruit juice, VO., Ricinus communis + Ficus exasperata
Vb(028,1), stems, leaves, juice, enema, Ageratum conyzo‹des + Crassocephalum mannii + Bothriocline longipes +Senecio cydoniifolius + Senecio hadiensis + Ricinus communis + Geniosporum rotundifolium + Ocimum suave
Vb(033,1), crushed leaves in vagina
amacikire: diarrhea with blood of the new - born calfs
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: ikibonobono (Kirundi)
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001), V(003), V(012), V(014), V(113)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica, fruit of Ricinus communis (or oil), to crush, to coat the eyes
Vb(003) sprain (bulabuke), Vb(012) fracture (buvune), Vb(113) rheumatism, arthritis (ihasha), powdered leaves of Trema orientalis and stem and root barks of Cordyline terminalis are crushed and mixed with te oil of Ricinus communis for local application
Vb(003) sprain (bulabuke), Vb(012) fracture (buvune), Vb(113) rheumatism, arthritis (ihasha), dried flowers of Tetradenia riparia,the whole plants of Cissampelos mucronata et Ricinus communis are incinerated, mixed with the oil of Ricinus. to rub into scarifications made on the ailing part of the body
Vb(014) dermatosis (kayonga), mycosis (lubenja), gale (luhere), alopecia (lujovu),cutaneous lesions (lushomjo), calcinated fruits of Solanum sisymbriifolium, to mix with Ricinus communis oil, to rub the body
Vb(014) lesions between toes (bulenge), juice of the crushed fruits of Solanum sisymbriifolium of Dissotis brazzae + oil of Ricinus communis, local application
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: lubonobono
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(014), V(016), V(050), V(068), V(093), V(098), V(113)
Recipes: Vb(001), eyes inflamed, ONS., RNS.
Vb(014)mange, seeds, to pound, dough, RNS.
V(016) mammite, ONS., RNS.
V(050) swelling of the abdomen, alopecia, ONS., RNS.
V(068)anthelminthic, maceration crushed roots , RNS.
V(093)poisoning, ONS., RNS.
V(098), ONS., RNS.
V(113)arthritis, lameness,, ONS., RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: lubonobono (Shi), ikibonobono (Kinyaruanda)
Reference VK 17
Author: Koumare, F.
Title: Quelques données sur les conceptions et la pratique de la médecine et pharmacopée vétérinaires indigènes. Ouvrage inédit, 81 p. , (1933) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Veq(001), roasted seeds, ashes on ulcer of the intern commisures of eyelids
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: tomotigui

1 reference(s) for Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Official name: Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Family: Polygonaceae
Pictures: Rumex_abyssinicus1.jpg , Rumex_abyssinicus2.jpg , Rumex_abyssinicus3.jpg
Reference VG 26
Author: Gakuubi, M. M.& W. Wanzala
Title: A survey of plants and plant products traditionally used in livestock health management in Buuri district, Meru County, Kenya Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8:39, (2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/8/1/39
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vc(001), Vo(001), Vv(001), Vpc(001) eye diseases (conjuctivitis) (meetho), juice of leaves of Rumex abyssinicus is squeezed into the eyes
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Buuri district, Meru County)
Vernacular name: muraiguna

1 reference(s) for Rumex usambarensis (Engl.) Damm.
Official name: Rumex usambarensis (Engl.) Damm.
Family: Polygonaceae
Pictures: Rumex_usambarensis1.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(030), V(035), V(039)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, fresh juice, drops in eyes, tumor, filariosis
Vb(030,1), leaves, decoction, VO., Crassocephalum mannii + Rumex usambarensis + Urera hypselodendron
Vb(035,2), leaves, stems juice, VO.
Vb(039,4), leaves, stems juice, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umufumbegeti (Kirundi)

1 reference(s) for Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Official name: Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Family: Dracaenaceae
Pictures: Sansevieria_hyacinthoides2.jpg , Sansevieria_hyacinthoides3.jpg , Sansevieria_hyacinthoides1.jpg
Reference VD 17
Author: Dold, A.P. & M.L. Cocks
Title: Traditional veterinary medicine in the Alice district of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 97 , 375–379. (2001)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001), VO(001) conjonctivitis, fresh leaf sap is applied directly into the eyes of sheep or goats with conjunctivitis (isifo samehlo)
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Alice district)
Vernacular name: isolokotho

1 reference(s) for Schinus molle L.
Official name: Schinus molle L.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Reference HA 53
Author: Amenu, E.
Title: Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya woreda) West Shoa, Ethopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach A Thesis submited to the school of graduate studies, Addis Ababan, Ethiopia, 104 p. June 2007
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye disease, leaf and fruit of Schinus molle are chewed and spitted on cattle, equines , goat and sheep eye.
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Ethiopia, Oromya Region, West Shoa Zone in Chelya woreda.
Vernacular name: qundoo barbaree (Afaan Oromoo)

2 reference(s) for Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) O. Kuntze
Official name: Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) O. Kuntze
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Schkuhria_pinnata3.jpg , Schkuhria_pinnata1.jpg , Schkuhria_pinnata2.jpg
Reference VL 13
Author: Luseba, D., E.E. Elgorashi, D.T. Ntloedibe, J. Van Staden
Title: Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and mutagenic effects of some medicinal plants used in South Africa for the treatment of wounds and retained placenta in livestock. South African Journal of Botany, Volume 73, pp. 378 - 383 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008)
Recipes: V(001), shoots from tyhe aerial part of Schkuhria pinnata are crushed and mixed with H2O, directly applied on eyes
Vb(008), pneumonia, Vb(047) heartwater, shoots from the aerial part of Schkuhria pinnata are crushed and mixed with H2O, VO.
Region: Afrique du Sud
Country: South Africa ( Limpopo and North-West provinces)
Vernacular name: santhloko lefero (Setswana)
Reference VV 09
Author: van der Merwe, D., G. E. Swan, C. J. Botha
Title: Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 72, 189-196, (2001)
Symptoms: V(001), V(008), V(037), V(047)
Recipes: Vb(001) infection, Vb(008), V(037), V(047), aerial part of Schkuhria pinnata, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (North West Province)
Vernacular name: santhloko, lefero (Setswana)

1 reference(s) for Schwenckia americana L.
Official name: Schwenckia americana L.
Family: Solanaceae
Pictures: Schwenckia_americana1.jpg , HA06Schwenckia_americana.jpg , Schwenckia_americana2.jpg
Reference VN 02
Author: Nwude, N. & M.A. Ibrahim
Title: Plants used in traditional veterinary medical practice in Nigeria. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, Volume 3, 261 - 273, (1980)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), leaves, cold decoction, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Vernacular name: dandana (Hausa)

1 reference(s) for Senecio myriocephalus Sch. Bip. Ex. A. Rich
Official name: Senecio myriocephalus Sch. Bip. Ex. A. Rich
Family: Asteraceae
Reference VT 26
Author: Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Mirutse GidayGirmay Medhim,Yalemtsehay Mekonnen
Title: Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by people around Debre Libanos monastery in Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 111, pp. 271 - 283 ((2007))
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eyes injury, chewed paste of leaves of Senecio myriocephalus , local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of the Debre Libanos monastery)
Vernacular name: weinagift (Amharic)

2 reference(s) for Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name: Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family: Solanaceae
Synonyms: Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Pictures: Solanum_aculeastrum1.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(014), V(015), V(021), V(035), H(039)
Recipes: Vb(001,1) filariosis, berry , juice, drops in eyes
Vb(014,1), warm berry + rancid butter, ointment
Vb(015,1), berry , juice, V.O., Zehneria scabra + Solanum aculeastrum
Vb(021,3), berry , crushed, in vagina
Vb(035, 1), berry , juice, V.O. Iboza riparia + Solanum aculeastrum
Vb(039,1), berry + leaves, juice, V.O. ,Gomphocarpus physocarpus, Solanum aculeastrum
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umuntobotobo (Kirundi)
Reference VH 15
Author: Hutchings A., Lewis G. and Cunningham A
Title: Zulu Medicinal Plants: An Inventory (Paperback). University of Natal Press. Pietermeritzburg. (1996) From reference VD 17, HP 50, VM 18
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eyes infection, leaves of Solanum aculeastrum, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Zulu region)
Vernacular name: not registered

1 reference(s) for Solanum anguivi Lam.
Official name: Solanum anguivi Lam.
Family: Solanaceae
Pictures: Solanum_anguivi1.jpg , Solanum_anguivi2.jpg , Solanum_anguivi3.jpg , Solanum_anguivi4.jpg
Reference HM 56
Author: Megersa, M., Z.Asfaw , E. Kelbessa, A. Beyene and B. Woldeab
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:68 ( 2013) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-9-68 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/68
Symptoms: V(001), V(054)
Recipes: Vb(001) eye disease, fresh fruit of Solanum anguivi boiled in water and dropped in the eyes of affected cattle
Vb(054) trypanosomiasis, root grinded and mixed with water and given. One bottle for three days
Region: East Africa
Country: West Ethiopia (Wayu Tuka District)
Vernacular name: hidii seexanaa (Afaan Oromo)

1 reference(s) for Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name: Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn.
Family: Solanaceae
Synonyms: Solanum duplosinuatum Klotzsch; Solanum macrocarpon L.
Pictures: HA03Solanum_dasyphyllum.jpg , Solanum_dasyphyllum1.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(006), V(021), V(035)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), berry, juice,drops in eyes
Vb(006,1), berry, juice, enema
Vb(021,1), berry, crushed part in vagina
Vb(035,5), berry, juice, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: incucu (Kirundi)

3 reference(s) for Solanum incanum L.
Official name: Solanum incanum L.
Family: Solanaceae
Synonyms: Solanum melongena L. var. incanum (L.) Kuntze; Solanum coagulans Forssk.; Solanum sanctum L.
Pictures: Solanum_incanum3.jpg , HA11Solanum_incanum.jpg , Solanum_incanum1.jpg , Solanum_incanum2.jpg
Reference VE 04
Author: Ejobi, F., R.D. Mosha, S. Ndege & D. Kamoga
Title: Etno-Veterinary Medicinal Plants of the Lake Victoria Basin: A Bioprospection Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (2): 257-261 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eye infections, fruits maceration of Solanum incanum, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Lake Victoria Basin:)
Vernacular name: ntegotego (Luganda / Kinyankore)
Reference VE 04
Author: Ejobi, F., R.D. Mosha, S. Ndege & D. Kamoga
Title: Etno-Veterinary Medicinal Plants of the Lake Victoria Basin: A Bioprospection Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (2): 257-261 (2007)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) conjunetivitis, ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Lake Victoria Basin:)
Vernacular name: matula (Swahili / Sukuma)
Reference VT 24
Author: Tabuti John R. S., Shivcharn S. Dhillion & Kaare A. Lye
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 88, pp. 279-286 (2003)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: H(001) cataract, fruit, sap mixed with powder from burnt snail shell, local application
H(001) cataract, sap + salt in eyes
H(001) cataract, sap mixed with cassava flour, local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Bulamogi county)
Vernacular name: ntonka

2 reference(s) for Solanum indicum L.
Official name: Solanum indicum L.
Family: Solanaceae
Pictures: Solanum_indicum2.jpg , Solanum_indicum1.jpg , Solanum_indicum3.jpg , Solanum_indicum4.jpg
Reference VB 36
Author: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title: Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vc(001) exophtalmia, crushed leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia, crushed fruit of Solanum indicum, juice, 2 drops in eyes 2 X / Jou
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu)
Vernacular name: kashongo, ndakala (Mashi), igatagarasoyo (Kinyarwanda)
Reference VM 49
Author: Matekaire,T., T. M. Bwakura
Title: Ethnoveterinary Medicine:. A Potential Alternative to Orthodox Animal Health Delivery in Zimbabwe Intern J Appl Res Vet Med • Vol. 2, No. 4, 2004
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) eye problems, fruit of Solanum indicum is crushed and the fluid is applied to the eye
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Vernacular name: nhundurwa

1 reference(s) for Spilanthes acmella Auct. non (L.) Murr.
Official name: Spilanthes acmella Auct. non (L.) Murr.
Family: Asteraceae
Pictures: Spilanthes_acmella2.jpg , Spilanthes_acmella1.jpg , Spilanthes_acmella3.jpg
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(035), V(059), V(124)
Recipes: V(001), juice crushed leaves, RNS.
V (035) theileriosis, ONS., RNS.
Vb(059), ONS., RNS.
Vb(124) bleeding at the nose, juice of leaves, RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: cenda (shi), ubushwima (kinyaruanda)

1 reference(s) for Sporobolus marginatus A. Rich.
Official name: Sporobolus marginatus A. Rich.
Family: Poaceae
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(094)
Recipes: V(001), ONS., RNS.
V(094), haemorrhoids, RNS, ONS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: bwikalabalume (shi)

1 reference(s) for Sporobolus sp.
Official name: Sporobolus sp.
Family: Poaceae
Pictures: Sporobolus_sp1.jpg , Sporobolus_sp2.jpg , Sporobolus_sp3.jpg
Reference VC 19
Author: Chifundera K.
Title: Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) the animal is blind (buhurha) ; infection of eyes (masu g'alaka), the whole plants or leaves of Ageratum conyzoides of Bothriocline ugandensis of Commelina diffusa of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Lantana trifolia of Spilanthes mauritiana of Sporobolus sp., to crush, packed up with a leaf of Ficus thonningii + H2O, drops in eyes
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name: bwikalabalume

1 reference(s) for Sutera pinnatifida O. Ktze.
Official name: Sutera pinnatifida O. Ktze.
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Pictures: Sutera_pinnatifida1.jpg
Reference VW 01
Author: Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title: The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vo(001), juice leaves in eyes
Region: South Africa
Country: East and South Africa
Vernacular name: not registered

3 reference(s) for Synadenium cupulare (Boiss.) L.C.Wheeler
Official name: Synadenium cupulare (Boiss.) L.C.Wheeler
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Pictures: Synadenium_cupulare1 , Synadenium_cupulare2 , Synadenium_cupulare3 , Synadenium_cupulare4 , Synadenium_cupulare5
Reference HM 58
Author: Mabogo, D.E.N.
Title: The ethnobotany of the Vhavenda. MSc Thesis, University of Pretoria. (1990) appendix from the Thesis
Symptoms: V(001), V(041)
Recipes: Vb(001) injured eyes in cattle, latex of Synadenium cupulare, RNS.
Vb(041) blackquarter in cattle, latex of Synadenium cupulare, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muswoswo (Venda)
Reference HS 36
Author: STAYT, H.
Title:
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) injured eyes in cattle, latex of Synadenium cupulare, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: muswoswo (Venda)
Reference VL 16
Author: Luseba, D., D. Van der Merwe
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicine practices among Tsonga speaking people of South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research Volume 73, pp.115–122. (2006)
Symptoms: V(001), V(041)
Recipes: V(001) eye infection, V(041) blackquarter, milky latex of Synadenium cupulare
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Tsonga region)
Vernacular name: mdleve (Tsonga)

1 reference(s) for Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Official name: Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Family: Combretaceae
Reference VK 28
Author: Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou
Title: Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinaty medicine in Northern Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa). South African Journal of Botany, Volume 74, pp. 76 - 84, (2008) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003651
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001), Vo(001), Vc(001) eyes diseases, decoction of roots of Terminalia laxiflora VO. 0,5 l. to 1 l. + eyes drops, 1 X / daily
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Northern)
Vernacular name: not registered by the investigators

1 reference(s) for Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Official name: Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Family: Acanthaceae
Pictures: Thunbergia_alata1.jpg , Thunbergia_alata4.jpg , Thunbergia_alata2.jpg , Thunbergia_alata3.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(028)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, stems, juice, instillation
Vb(028,1), leaves, juice, VO., Thunbergia alata + Aspilia ciliata + Crassocephalum vitellinum + Dalbergia lactea
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: akayarusabo (Kirundi)

1 reference(s) for Trianthema portulacastrum L.
Official name: Trianthema portulacastrum L.
Family: Aizoaceae
Pictures: Trianthema_portulacastrum1.jpg , Trianthema_portulacastrum2.jpg , Trianthema_portulacastrum4.jpg , Trianthema_portulacastrum3.jpg , Trianthema_portulacastrum5.jpg , Trianthema_portulacastrum6.jpg , HA03Trianthema_portulacastrum.jpg
Reference VG 20
Author: Giday Mirutse , Tilahum Teklehaymanot
Title: Ethnobotanical study of plants used in management of livestock health problems by Afar people of Ada'ar District, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9:8 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/8
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001) ophthalmic infection (antibia), various animals, leaves of Trianthema portulacastrum, juice., local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Ada'ar District, Afar Regional State)
Vernacular name: abure

1 reference(s) for Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name: Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev.
Pictures: Vernonia_amygdalina2.jpg , Vernonia_amygdalina3.jpg , Vernonia_amygdalina1.jpg , HA21Vernonia_amygdalina.jpg
Reference VD 03
Author: Defour, G.
Title: Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(001), V(006), V(014), V(025), V(039), V(051), V(068), V(104)
Recipes: Vb(001), eyes inflamed, juice of leaves and stems, RNS.
Vb(006) + Vb(104), diarrhoea (curho), decoction from leaves, RNS.
Vb(014)mange, to rub with crushed leaves
Vb(025), RNS, ONS.Vb(039)parasits, to rub with pounded leaves
Vb(042), to rub with pounded leaves
Vb(051), fever "vetilaire", juice from leaves, drops in nostrils
Vb(068)worms, maceration, pounded leaves , RNS.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name: mubirizi (Shi), umubilizi, mubilizi (Kinyaruanda)

1 reference(s) for Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Official name: Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Family: Asteraceae
Synonyms: Vernonia alboviolaceae De Wild.
Pictures: Vernonia_lasiopus1.jpg
Reference VB 02
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms: V(001), V(016), V(022), V(027), V(030), V(035)
Recipes: Vb(001,1), leaves, juice, drops in eyes + some drops of milk (tumor?)
Vb(016, 2), leaves, juice, VO., Aspilia ciliata + Crassocephalum vitellinum + Vernonia lasiopus
Vb(022,1), Monechma subsessile +Vernonia lasiopus + Ficus exasperata, leaves, juice, V.O.
Vb(027,1), leaves, juice, VO., Vernonia lasiopus + Caesalpinia decapetala + Acacia sieberiana
Vb(030,3), leaves, juice, VO.
Vb(035,2), leaves, juice, VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: ikinyami, umuvuma (Kirundi),

1 reference(s) for Vitex zeyheri Sond.
Official name: Vitex zeyheri Sond.
Family: Verbenaceae
Reference VV 09
Author: van der Merwe, D., G. E. Swan, C. J. Botha
Title: Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 72, 189-196, (2001)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: Vb(001) infection, leaves of Vitex zeyheri, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (North West Province)
Vernacular name: mokwele (Setswana)

1 reference(s) for Waltheria indica L.
Official name: Waltheria indica L.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Synonyms: Waltheria americana L.
Pictures: Waltheria_indica1.jpg , Waltheria_indica2.jpg , Waltheria_indica4.jpg , Waltheria_indica3.jpg , HA06Waltheria_indica.jpg
Reference VA 01
Author: Adam, J.G., N. Echard & M. Lescot
Title: Plantes médicinales Hausa de l'Ader (République du Niger). Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 19, 259 - 399, (1972)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), roots, powder, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Kenya, Tanzania (Masai)
Vernacular name: yankufa

1 reference(s) for Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Official name: Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Family: Solanaceae
Synonyms: Physalis somnifera L.
Pictures: B5NordWithania_somnifera.jpg , Withania_somnifera1.jpg , Withania_somnifera2.jpg , Withania_somnifera3.jpg , Withania_somnifera4.jpg
Reference VR 04
Author: Rimbach, L.
Title: Traditional methods of treating cattle diseases. Report for ASA (Studienaufenthalte in Africa, Asien und Latein-Amerika), 19 p., (1977) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms: V(001), V(013)
Recipes: Vb(001), leaves, juice, drops in eyes, ophtalmia contagious
Vb(013), ONS., fresh juice on anthrax
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Masai)
Vernacular name: ol asajet (Masai), mgeda (Sukuma)

1 reference(s) for Ximenia americana L.
Official name: Ximenia americana L.
Family: Olacaceae
Pictures: Ximenia_americana1.jpg , Ximenia_americana2.jpg , Ximenia_americana3.jpg , HA06Ximenia_americana.jpg
Reference VA 17
Author: Assogba, M.N.
Title: Quelques enquêtes sur la pharmacopée traditionnelle vétérinaire en République populaire du Bénin. 13ème Conférence de la Société ouest africaine de pharmacologie, 23-24-25 février 1984 à Cotonou. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique. Collège polytechnique universitaire, 107 p., (1984)
Symptoms: V(001), V(020), V(054)
Recipes: Vb(001) in case of Vb(020), poison in eyes, instillation milk, fresh eggs
Vb(020), roots, decoction, VO.
… volont‚
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: klivovoe (Fon)tiapouli (Peul)

1 reference(s) for Ximenia caffra Sond.
Official name: Ximenia caffra Sond.
Family: Olacaceae
Synonyms: Ximenia americana L. var. caffra (Sond.) Engl.; Ximenia americana L. var. tomentosa Engl.
Pictures: Ximenia_caffra1.jpg , Ximenia_caffra2.jpg , Ximenia_caffra3.jpg , Ximenia_caffra4.jpg
Reference VM 10
Author: Minja, M.M.J.
Title: Medicinal plants used in promotion of animal health in Tanzania. Animal Diseases Research Instit., Dep. Pharmacology/ Toxic., Dar Es Salaam. Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 335 - 364, (1994)
Symptoms: V(001)
Recipes: V(001), infusion leaves, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Rujawa-Mbarali district)
Vernacular name: not registered