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Official name : Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Synonyms : Ziziphus africana P. Mill. , Ziziphus sphaerocarpa Tul.

21 reference(s) related to this plant

Reference B5 Nord
Author(s) : Boulos, L.
Title : Medicinal plants of North Africa. Reference Publications, Inc., 218 St. Clair River Drive, Box 344, Algonac, Michigan 48001, 286p. , (1983)
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(008), H(013), H(020), H(046), H(051), H(068), H(088), H(113)
Recipes : H(020) treatment of serpent bites
Infusion of leaves H(088) astringent, H(068) anthelmintic, antidiar- treatment of serpent bites. Infusion of leaves H(088) astringent, H(068) anthelmintic, H(008) antidiarhoeic
Cataplasm of leaves forH(013) abscesses and furuncles;
H(001) catap!asm of fresh green leaves is put on swollen eyes (probably due to certain H(113) inflammations) before going to bed (Bedouins, Egypt)
whole fruits in infusions used as H(051) febrifuges, H(193) emollients and H(006) laxatives; infusion of fruits is a reputed remedy of measles H(046).
Region : North Africa
Country : Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocoo, Tunisia
Vernacular name : zegzeg; zefzouf, ardj, ourdj, ghasse ; sidr ; fruit: nabq (Arabic), abaqua; korna (Berber), christ’ s thorn, nabk tree (English), nabca, épine du Christ (local French):
Reference B6 Nord
Author(s) : Bellakhdar, J.
Title : La pharmacopée marocaine traditionnelle: Médecine arabe ancienne et savoirs populaires. Ibis Press, 764 p. (1997)
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(051, H(091), ONS. RNS.
Region : North Africa
Country : Moroco
Vernacular name : zefzûf (Moroco), épine du Christ: (local French)
Reference HB 53
Author(s) : Belayneh, A. Asfaw, S. Demissew, N. F. Bussa
Title : Medicinal plants potential and use by pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Erer Valley of Babile Wereda, Eastern Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 8:42 ( 2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/8/1/42
Symptoms : H(003), H(008)
Recipes : H(003) swollen body part- GOFLA, leaves concoction of Ziziphus spina-christi, herbal bath
H(008) diarrhea, leaves concoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Eastern Ethiopia) (Erer Valley of Babile Wereda)
Vernacular name : kurkura (Oromo), gob, geb (Somali)
Reference HC 31
Author(s) : Chekole, G., Z. Asfaw, E. Kelbessa
Title : Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the environs of Tara-gedam and Amba remnant forests of Libo Kemkem District, northwest Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 11:4 (2015) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/11/1/4
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) dandruff, fresh leaves of Ziziphus spina-christi, pound and cream
Region : East Africa
Country : Northwest Ethiopia
Vernacular name : gava (Amharic)
Reference HD 09
Author(s) : Debray, M., H. Jacquemin & R.Razafindrambao
Title : Contribution à l'inventaire des plantes médicinales de Madagascar. Travaux et documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., n°8, 150 p., (1971)
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diur., bark stems , RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar (Southwest)
Vernacular name : tsinefo (Mahafaly)
Reference HE 10
Author(s) : El Ghazali, G.B., El Tohami, M.S., El Egami, A.B., Abdalla, W.S., Mohammed, M.G.
Title : Medicinal Plants of the Sudan. Part IV. Medicinal Plants of Northern Kordofan. Omdurman Islamic University Press, Khartoum, Sudan (1997). from reference HE 50
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(099), H(201)
Recipes : H(201) The tree Ziziphus spina-christi is also reputable from a religion perspective in Sudan. Bark is used forH(037) chest pain, while root infusion is administered for H(008) dysentery in Sudan and some African countries. H(099) )Roots are used for psychiatric medicine in Sudan and Mali.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HE 12
Author(s) : El-Kamali, H. H.
Title : Ethnopharmacology of Medicinal Plants used in North Kordofan (Western Sudan) Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 89-97. 2009. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/sudan.htm
Symptoms : H(166)
Recipes : H(166, 9%) antispasmodic, decoction of stem bark of Ziziphus spina -christi, VO.
H(166, 3,6%) antispasmodic to relieve fever, decoction of roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : sidr
Reference HG 18
Author(s) : Giday Mirutse , Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Abebe Animut,Yalemtsehay Mekonnen
Title : Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 110, pp. 516 - 525 (2007)
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) cataract, thorn of Ziziphus spina-christi, RNS., local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest)
Vernacular name : kukura (Shinasha)
Reference HG 30
Author(s) : Gidey Yirga
Title : Use of traditional medicinal plants by indigenous people in Mekele town, capital city of Tigray regional state of Ethiopia Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 4(17), pp. 1799-1804, 4 September, 2010 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) dandruff, fresh Ziziphus spina christi , ONS., RNS., local application
Region : East Africa (Bench-Maji Zone)
Country : Ethiopia (Mekele town, Tigray regional state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Reference HH 10
Author(s) : Hussain, H.S.N. & Y.Y. Karatela
Title : Traditional medicinal plants used by Hausa tribe of Kano State of Nigeria. Int. J; Crude Drug Res., 27, 4, 211-216, (1989)
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013), leaves of Ziziphus spina-christi pounded in foods, VO., woman , breast pain (gorah)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Kano)
Vernacular name : kurma (Hausa)
Reference HH 3k
Author(s) : Heine, B. & C. König
Title : Plant concepts and plant use .An ethnobotanical survey of the semi-arid and arid lands of East Africa.Part 2: Plants of the So (Uganda).142 p., Band 7 (1988) Kolner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung / Cologne Development StudiesVerlag breitenbach Publishers, Saarbrücken, Fort Lauderdale
Symptoms : H(006), H(055), H(104)
Recipes : H(104) + H(006) + H(055), stomach-ache; pound bark and root in water drink warm; emetic and laxative
Region : East Africa
Country : Uganda (So)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HK 12
Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title : Plantes médicinales et toxiques des Peuls et des Toucouleurs du Sénégal. Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 11, 384 - 444 , 543 - 599, (1964)
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, powder of thorns ashes of Ziziphus spina-christi, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : tépodarola (Firdou, Fouladou)
Reference HL 10
Author(s) : Le Floc'h, E., D. Lenormant, A. Lignon & N. Rezkallah
Title : Pratiques ethnobotaniques des populations Afars de la moyenne vallée de l'Awash (Ethiopie). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 14, pp. 283 - 314, (1985)
Symptoms : H(013), H(175)
Recipes : H(013) abscess, H(175), fresh leaves boiled in goat milk, the cold mixing in cataplasm in a bandage during 3 days. After the flowing of the pus, coat the wound with the bandage ashes
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Awash valley)
Vernacular name : kussuraïto (Afar), abetere, gaba (Amharique)
Reference HL 2k
Author(s) : Lely, H.V.
Title : The useful trees of Northern Nigeria. Published by the Crown Agents for the Colonies, 4 Millbank, London, S.W.1, 128 p., (1925)
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014), the leaves are crusbed and applied to cure a skin disease.The fruits are eaten fresh.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : kurna.
Reference HM 52
Author(s) : Musa, M. S., F. E. Abdelrasool, E. A. Elsheikh, L. A. M. N. Ahmed, A. L. E. Mahmoud & S. M. Yagi
Title : Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Blue Nile State, South-eastern Sudan Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 5(17), pp. 4287-4297, 9 September, 2011 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2011/9Sept/Musa%20et%20al.pdf
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(104), H(162)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentry, H(051) paludism, H(104) stomach ache, H(162) urine retension, roots infusion of Ziziphus spina-christi, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : nabag
Reference HN 50
Author(s) : Neuwinger, H.
Title : African Ethnobotany Poisons and Drugs Chemistry (Germany). Chapman and Hall Gm bH, D-69469 Weinheim (Bundes Republik Deutschland), ISBN 3-8261-0077-8. (1996) :( from reference HE 50, HV 09)
Symptoms : H(004), H(006), H(008), H(037), H(099), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : Hausa in Niger used the roots and the leaves of Ziziphus spina-christi for gastric infections, H(008) diarrhea, H(100) venereal diseases, H(004) wounds,H(037) chest pain, H(006) constipation and H(099) nervousness
Region : West Africa
Country : Niger
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HS 12d
Author(s) : Samuelsson G., M. H. Faraha, Per Claeson, M. Hagos, M. Thulin, O. Hedberg, A. M. Warfa, A. O. Hassan, A. H. Elmi , A. D. Abdurahman, A. S. Elmi, Y. A. Abdie & M. H. Alin
Title : Inventory of plants used in traditional medicine in Somalia. IV.Plants of the families Passifloraceae - Zygophyllaceae. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 38, pp. 1 - 29, (1993)
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(012), H(013), H(026), H(037), H(048), H(068), H(091), H(116)
Recipes : H(004), crushed leaves on wounds
H(008), diarrhoea, 1 handful of leaves, crushed, boiled in 1 glass H2O, filtered, VO. ,1 glass 3X / day
H(012)), 1 handfull of seeds, crushed and boiled + 1l H2O, the decoction is allowed to settle and the supernatand is applied topically on broken bonesH(013), skin rash, 1 handfull fresh leaves, crushed + 1 cup H2O, filtered, the whole body is washed with the extract
H(026), dysmenorrhoea,15 cm piece of roots in pieces, boiled + 1 cup H2O, VO. & cup 3X / day for 3 days
H(037), bronchitis, 15 cm piece of roots, crushed+ 1 cup H2O, filtered, + 3 yolks + 1 spoon sugar, VO. 1 spoon 3X / day for 3 days
H(048), gas in stomach,1 handfull of twigs with leaves, crushed and boiled + 1 l H2O, VO., the whole1X / day during 3 days
H(068), 1 handfull of twigs with leaves, crushed and boiled + 1 l H2O, VO., the whole in once
H(091), 1 handfull of the plant, crushed and boiled + 1 cup H2O, when the liquid is thick, used topically
H(116), amenorrhoea,1 handfull of twigs with leaves, crushed and boiled + 1 l H2O, VO., the whole1X / day during 3 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : geb
Reference HT 50
Author(s) : Teklehaymanot, T.
Title : An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and edible plants of Yalo Woreda in Afar regional state, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 13:40 (2017) DOI 10.1186/s13002-017-0166-7
Symptoms : H(020), H(078), H(095), H(104), H(160)
Recipes : H(078) retained placenta leaves of Ziziphus spina-christi, RNS., VO.
H(020) snake bite young bark, RNS. VO.
H(160) angina pectoris, root , RNS.,VO.
H(104) dyspepsia young bark , RNS., VO.
H(095) Ziziphus spina-christi is collected by herd boys and housewives and eaten fresh by all age groups
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Yalow Woreda, Afar regional state)
Vernacular name : kusra
Reference VG 20
Author(s) : Giday Mirutse , Tilahum Teklehaymanot
Title : Ethnobotanical study of plants used in management of livestock health problems by Afar people of Ada'ar District, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9:8 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/8
Symptoms : V(030)
Recipes : Vch(030) delayed placenta (alhe) of camel, leaves of Ziziphus spina-christi, juice., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Ada'ar District, Afar Regional State)
Vernacular name : kusra
Reference VL 2k
Author(s) : Lely, H.V.
Title : The useful trees of Northern Nigeria. Published by the Crown Agents for the Colonies, 4 Millbank, London, S.W.1128 p., (1925)
Symptoms : V(014), V(014), V(095), V(095)
Recipes : Vb, c(095) The fruits are eaten fresh. The leaves, besides providing fodder for goats and cattle, are crusbed and applied to cure a skin disease.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : kurna.
Reference VO 11
Author(s) : Onana, J
Title : Les ligneux fourragers du Nord-Cameroun. 1. Inventaire et phénologie. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire des Pays tropicaux, Volume. 48 (2), pp. 213 - 219 (1995)
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vb(095), Vc(095), Vo(095) fruits of Ziziphus spina-christi few researched by animals
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (North region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author