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Reference : HN 52

Author(s) : Ngezahayo, J., F. Havyarimana, L. Hari, C. Stévigny, P. Duez.
Title : Medicinal plants used by Burundian traditional healers for the treatment of microbial diseases + Supplemtary table Journal of Ethnopharmacology 173, 338–351 (2015)
Reference HN 52 has information about 152 plants :
Acacia hockii De Wild.
Official name : Acacia hockii De Wild.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(108) sinusitis. Dried stem bark (500 g) of Acacia hockii are pounded and powdered. Two pinches powder are applied in noses once a day for a week using a finger; and/or the powder is decocted with 1L of water. Two glasses are drunk twice a day
H(037) pneumonia. About 300 gr of plant material are calcined. Scarifications are practiced once a day and two pinches powder are eaten.
This plant is reported by 3% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umugenge (Kirundi)
Acalypha ambigua Pax
Official name : Acalypha ambigua Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea. A handful of stem bark of Acalypha ambigua are macerated with 1 L of water/A glass is drunk twice a day for 3 days
This plant is reported by 2% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umukundanya (Kirundi)
Acalypha brachiata C. Krauss
Official name : Acalypha brachiata C. Krauss
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(014)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea. A handful of fresh leaves of Acalypha brachiata are decocted in a glass of water. Drunk as a teaspoon (mixed with honey) 3 times (child) or as a glass (adult) per day
H(014) ringworm. A handful of dried leaves are pounded and/or decocted with water (a bottle). The powder (mixed with cow butter) is applied on the body and/or one bottle of the decoction is drunk twice (morning and evening) a day)
This plant is reported by 5% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : kamimura (Kirundi)
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough (50 gr of plant material of Aframomum angustifolium are decocted in water (½ L) and mixed with honey. The decoction (500 mL) is drunk twice (morning and evening) a day + beer
This plant is reported by 27% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : urutake (Kirundi)
Agathisanthemum globosum (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Bremek.
Official name : Agathisanthemum globosum (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Bremek.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea. A handful of leaves of Agathisanthemum globosum are decocted with 500 ml of water . A small cup is drunk twice a day
H(037) cough A handful of leaves are macerated with 500 ml of water. The decoction (mixed with honey) is drunk twice (morning and evening) a day + beer
This plant is reported by 3% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : akazibanda (Kirundi)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(131)
Recipes : H(013) purulent rashes. Two handfuls of dried plant material of Ageratum conyzoides are calcined and mixed with cow butter. The ash is applied on the body ; and/or two pinches are eaten once a day until recovery + Modern medicines
H(131) yaws. Two handfuls of fresh leaves are macerated in water (1,5 L). The decoction is applied on the body once a day
This plant is reported by 12% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : akarura (Kirundi)
Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Official name : Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) purulent rashes. 2 handfuls of dried leaves of Albizia adianthifolia are calcined and mixed with cow butter. The ash is applied on the body
This plant is reported by 3% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umusebeyi (Kirundi)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough juice is squeezed out from a handful of crushed tubers of Allium cepa and mixed with 2 spoons of sugar and lemon juice. Half a spoon (child) or a spoon (adult) is drunk twice a day + beer
This plant is reported by 3% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : igitunguru (Kirundi)
Aloe lateritia Engl.
Official name : Aloe lateritia Engl.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(014), H(100)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea. A handful of leaves of Aloe lateritia are macerated in water (1 L). Half a glass twice is drunk a day.
H(013) purulent rashes. 2 handfuls of fresh leaves are crushed. The juice squeezed out from the crushed leaves is applied on the body.
H(014) foot mycosis A fresh leaf is cut and the sap is dropped on the foot
H(100) gonorrhea. About 150 gr of roots are decocted in a bottle of water. A cup is drunk a day for a week + beer
This plant is reported by 7% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : ingagari (Kirundi)
Alysicarpus zeyheri Harv.
Official name : Alysicarpus zeyheri Harv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(043)
Recipes : H(043) tetanus. About 300 g of roots of Alysicarpus zeyheri are pounded and decocted in 1 L of water. The decoction is applied on the body twice a day.
This plant is reported by 5% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : uruzi (Kirundi)
Anisopappus chinensis subsp. africanus (Hook. f.) S. Ortíz & Paiva
Official name : Anisopappus chinensis subsp. africanus (Hook. f.) S. Ortíz & Paiva
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) sinusitis. A handful of dried stem bark of Anisopappus chinensis subsp. Africanus are powdered. Two pinches powder are applied in nose twice a day using a finger.
This plant is reported by 3% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umukamisha (Kirundi)
Arachis hypogaea L.
Official name : Arachis hypogaea L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) foot mycosis 50 g of fresh leaves of Arachis hypogaea are macerated in water (about 250 ml). The macerate is applied on foot once a day.
This plant is reported by 8% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : ibiyoba (Kirundi)
Aspilia pluriseta Schweinf.
Official name : Aspilia pluriseta Schweinf.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(014), H(046), H(051), H(131)
Recipes : H(014) ringworm. H(013) purulent rashes. 2 handfuls of leaves of Aspilia pluriseta are pounded, and/or decocted in water (1 L). The pounded leaves are mixed with cow butter and applied on the body, or half a cup of the decoction is drunk twice a day and used as enema once a day
H(046) varicella A handful of fresh leaves are pounded, macerated in a bottle of water and mixed with cow butter. The body is washed with the macerate once a day.
H(008) diarrhea. A handful of fresh leaves are decocted in ½ L of water. Enema once daily in the morning for 3 days/Sweet products and modern medicines
H(051) fever, 3 handfuls of fresh leaves are crushed, macerated with 1L of water. A cup (adult) or half a cup (child) is drunk twice a day for 5 days
H(131) yaws. 3 handfuls of dried leaves are powdered and mixed with cow butter. The mixture is applied on the foot once a day
H(014) foot mycosis 3 handfuls of dried leaves are powdered and mixed with cow butter. The mixture is applied on the foot once a day
H(046) measles. 3 handfuls of fresh leaves are pounded. Application on the body once or twice a day
This plant is reported by 37% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : icumya (Kirundi)
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Official name : Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis A handful of fresh leaves of Asystasia gangetica are packed in banana leaves, heated and the juice is squeezed out from the leaves . A drop is instilled in the ear twice a day
This plant is reported by 3% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : urusogo (Kirundi)
Basella alba L.
Official name : Basella alba L.
Family : Basellaceae
Synonyms : Basella rubra L.
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(046)
Recipes : H(014) ringworm. (350 g of dried leaves of Basella alba are pounded, calcined and salted. Half a spoon is eaten twice a day
H(013) purulent rashes. 2 handfuls of dried leaves are pounded and decocted in water (a bottle). The decoction (mixed with cow butter) is applied on the body, and a cup is drunk twice a day and enema twice a day)
H(046) varicella A handful of dried leaves are pounded, powdered and mixed with cow butter . The mixture is rubbed on the body once 2 days until recovery.
This plant is reported by 18% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umurerama (Kirundi)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(037)
Recipes : H(037) pneumonia. A handful plant material of Bidens pilosa is decocted in 500 mL of water. A glass is drunk once a day
H(014) ringworm., H(013) purulent rashes. About 260 g of fresh leaves are pounded and/or decocted in a bottle of water. The pounded leaves are rubbed on the body twice a day and/or a cup of the decoction is drunk twice a day till recovery.
This plant is reported by 12% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : icanda (Kirundi)
Biophytum umbraculum Welw.
Official name : Biophytum umbraculum Welw.
Family : Oxalidaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(014)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea. 1/2 kg of dried leaves of Biophytum umbraculum are powdered/. A spoonful powder is eaten a day + sweet products
H(014) ringworm. 2 handfuls of dried leaves are calcined and mixed with cow butter. The ash is applied on the body once a day..
This plant is reported by 2% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : tinyabakwe (Kirundi)
Bothriocline longipes (Oliv. & Hiern ) N.E.Br.
Official name : Bothriocline longipes (Oliv. & Hiern ) N.E.Br.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Erlangea spissa S. Moore
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) tooth decay Teeth are brushed with a single plant leaf of Bothriocline longipes, once a day
This plant is reported by 2% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umubebe (Kirundi)
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea.A handful of roots of Bridelia micrantha are macerated in water (1 L). A glass is drunk twice a day for 3 days
H(008) choléra 300 g of dried stem balks are pounded, powdered and mixed with honey. A spoonful is eaten 3 times a day + beer and modern medicines
H(037) tuberculosis. About 150 g of roots are decocted in water (500 mL) and mixed with honey. Half a cup is drunk once a day.
This plant is reported by 5% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umugimbu (Kirundi)
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston
Official name : Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) pneumonia. A handful of dried leaves of Caesalpinia decapetala are macerated in water (a bottle). A glass is drunk once a day until recovery; and/or a handful of dried leaves are calcined. Scarification once a day
This plant is reported by 3% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umubambangwe (Kirundi)