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Reference : HG 61

Author(s) : Gruca, M., T. R van Andel, H. Balslev
Title : Ritual uses of palms in traditional medicine in sub-Saharan Africa: a review Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10:60 (2014) DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-10-60
Reference HG 61 has information about 57 plants :
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrheal orchitis, a piece of the bark of Erythrina latissima with two of the conical thorns still adherent. The inner bark and chews it up with a few grains of Aframomum angustifolium. (cited as Amomum melagueta). Holding the scrotum in both hands the healer blows his medicine from his mouth onto it, then he breaks off the two thorns from the bark, calcines them and mixes the powder with red palm oil, and rubs it on the scrotum. In two or three days the swelling will go down -
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Official name : Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) mental fatigue, a fresh nut of Elaeis guineensis easy to pound or smash is mixed together with leaves from Hibiscus surattensis., Asystasia gangetica, Musa x sapientum and Cyperus articulate. The mixture is rubbed on the body of the patient. The patient should be facing the sun during the treatment and pronounce “wishes” of good luck. The residues are put under the patient’s pillow. If he dreams of a young girl with erected breasts, there is hope for cure. He should not wash himself during the rest of the treatment day
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) respiratory pain due to pleurisy , ashes of a handful of Bidens pilosa (cited as Spanish needle), are mixed with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. A doctor rubs the ointment on his hands rubs hard
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) epilepsy (epilepsy is believed to occur mostly during the full moon), roots of Borassus aethiopum, maceration, body bath
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Togo
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) scarification practices, seed of Borassus aethiopum used as containers for a charred medicinal mixture called 'katala' in Haussa.This mixture is rubbed into skin incisions
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana (Haussa)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) any disease caused by a curse decoction of root of Borassus aethiopum, VO.
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana (Kokomba)
Vernacular name : used as containers for a charred medicinal mixture called 'katala' in Haussa
Canna indica L.
Official name : Canna indica L.
Family : Cannaceae
Symptoms : H(116)
Recipes : H(116) amenorrhea, three seeds of Ricinodendron heudelotii subsp. africanum and a quantity of canna blooms Canna indica are beaten together in a mortar, and put into a big spoon. Then a little salt and red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis freshly prepared, (not refined by heating) is added. Three pebbles are put in the fire and allowed to get hot, then one of these "rocks" is put into the spoon and stirred until it has cooled, and then discarded. The same process is repeated with two other rocks. Woman starts up the ladderstick towards the loft and stands with both feet on the first notch and she dips her fingers into the spoon and lick off the medicine. She will have her menstrual function restored in two or three days
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Clerodendrum sp.
Official name : Clerodendrum sp.
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(166)
Recipes : H(166) hiccough, a whole vine of Clerodendron sp. is calcined and beaten to powder. This powder is kept in a small horn, and a small amount mixed with red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. ( author said: “charred drug is magical”)
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cocos nucifera L.
Official name : Cocos nucifera L.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin rash due to HIV/AIDS (chira), fruits of Cocos nucifera. disease is locally known as ‘chira’, and is related to the transgression of principles governing sexuality or seniority
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Kenya (Suba, Luo )
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cocos nucifera L.
Official name : Cocos nucifera L.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) whole plant of Cocos nucifera (palm tree) planted at sacred places
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cocos nucifera L.
Official name : Cocos nucifera L.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(027)
Recipes : H(027) preventive of miscarriage, one tortoise is roasted with water inside a coco-nut (Cocos nucifera) along with half a bottle of palm oil.(Elaeis guineensis) All is roasted until it is almost burnt and then ground to powder wich is used in a corn flour pudding, which a woman should take on rising and going to bed throughout the course of one menstruation. The man should sleep with her five days after she has finished menstruating
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Nigeria (Yoruba)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Official name : Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) chronic ulcers , leaves of the variety of Combretum aculeatum growing on dry ground are fried in palm oil of Elaeis guineensis with a finger ring in the pot. The mass is rubbed on the legs and the ring is worn
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum grandifolium F.Hoffm
Official name : Combretum grandifolium F.Hoffm
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) influenza, a handful of thorns of Combretum grandiflorum is burned to charcoal in a pot, then heated with red palm oi (Elaeis guineensis) then used to anoint the ankles, knees, and elbows
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) keeping away bad spirits, roots of Elaeis guineensis are associated with the resin from Daniellia oliveri and Commiphora africana
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : West Africa
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume
Official name : Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea, bark fibers of Waltheria americana are twisted into a cord to be worn around the waist. The cord and loin cloth are smeared with an ointment made of the flower stalks of Cyathula prostrata fried black, and ground up with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cyperus articulatus L.
Official name : Cyperus articulatus L.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) mental fatigue, a fresh nut of Elaeis guineensis easy to pound or smash is mixed together with leaves from Hibiscus surattensis., Asystasia gangetica, Musa x sapientum and Cyperus articulate. The mixture is rubbed on the body of the patient. The patient should be facing the sun during the treatment and pronounce “wishes” of good luck. The residues are put under the patient’s pillow. If he dreams of a young girl with erected breasts, there is hope for cure. He should not wash himself during the rest of the treatment day
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Official name : Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) keeping away bad spirits, roots of Elaeis guineensis are associated with the resin from Daniellia oliveri and Commiphora africana
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : West Africa
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dracaena sp.
Official name : Dracaena sp.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, a stick from each of the following trees or shrubs is calcined: cited as Ricinodendron africanum, Dracena sp., Whitfieldia lateritia and any small twig broken over with the break healed so that the stick is growing in the twisted or bent position. The calcined wood is powdered and mixed with the red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis.The ointment is rubbed on the area over the fracture
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dypsis canaliculata (Jum.) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Official name : Dypsis canaliculata (Jum.) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) palm tree of Dypsis canaliculata planted at sacred places
Region : I
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dypsis fibrosa (C.H. Wright) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Official name : Dypsis fibrosa (C.H. Wright) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) festivities: leaves of Dypsis fibrosa used to decorate houses at clerical festivities
Region : I
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dypsis pinnatifrons Mart.
Official name : Dypsis pinnatifrons Mart.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) leaves of Dypsis pinnatifrons used in decoration of churches, and pinnae to manufacture crosses for churches
Region : I
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(027), H(051)
Recipes : H(027) preventive of miscarriage, one tortoise is roasted with water inside a coco-nut (Cocos nucifera) along with half a bottle of palm oil.(Elaeis guineensis) All is roasted until it is almost burnt and then ground to powder wich is used in a corn flour pudding, which a woman should take on rising and going to bed throughout the course of one menstruation. The man should sleep with her five days after she has finished menstruating
H(051) paludism, shea butter of Vitellaria paradoxa is used to make a ring around the neck. Underneath another ring with palm oil from Elaeis guineensis is made. Long incantation is recited
H(143) smallpox, leaves of Kalanchoe sp., leaves of Peperomia pellucida and powdered snail shells are mixed into an oily base consisting of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) and shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa). Preparation of the ointment is accompanied by the long incantation. The resulting ointment is efficacious in reducing pock marks or scarring
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Nigeria (Yoruba)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) epilepsy , (epilepsy is believed to occur mostly during the full moon) roots of Elaeis guineensis in powder, decoction or burnt powder, VO.
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Togo
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) vulnerability, ill people carry pieces of palm twigs Elaeis guineensis around the neck or arm to get invulnerability
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Togo, Benin
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109) backache, “the treatment for backache where palm oil isused appears to be almost entirely magical
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Zambia (Lunda)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(020), H(201)
Recipes : H(020) snake bites, a piece of every sort of thorny shrub or scratchy vine is collected and all calcined in a pot, beaten to a black powder in a mortar and mixed with red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. The medicine is put into a horn or into a big acatma snail shell. Leaves of Mareya spicata Baill. are beaten up with clay and a little put in the horn before it is filled with a calcined mixture. This medicine is also used as an emergency treatment for any snakebite. A little eaten and rubbed on the wound is thought to be efficient first-aid treatment
H(201) protection for women, calcined twig of Protomegabaria stapfiana (mentioned as Protomegabaria staphiana) mixed with red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis and salt and put into a horn. any woman member of the snake society may lick the medicine from the end of the finger if she feels dizzy or afraid
H(201) protective medicine and fetishes, ritual of feeding the fetish had to be made: with cooked rice, the gizzard cut into bits and some palm oil
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano/Ba,, Kona )
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) keeping away bad spirits, roots of Elaeis guineensis are associated with the resin from Daniellia oliveri and Commiphora africana
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : West Africa
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) medico-magic, leaves of Hyptis lanceolata mixed with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Gabon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(004), H(012), H(013), H(082), H(108), H(116), H(126), H(166), H(188)
Recipes : H(082) respiratory pain due to pleurisy , ashes of a handful of Bidens pilosa (cited as Spanish needle), are mixed with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. ,A doctor rubs the ointment on his hands, make two false passes around the patient's chest from back to front, then with the third he rubs hard (or fourth if it is a man).
H(108) influenza, a handful of thorns of Combretum grandiflorum is burned to charcoal in a pot, then heated with red palm oi (Elaeis guineensis) then used to anoint the ankles, knees, and elbows
H(126) acute hepatitis, a piece of a large shelf fungus shaped like a liver is charred, powdered and mixed with palm oil and rubbed over the liver
H(188) coma, a knot of the parasite Loranthus micranthus where it joins the host branch is calcined and triturated in an iron pot. The black powder is mixed with red palm oil then rubbed on the patient's cheeks toward the mouth and he will tal
H(116) amenorrhea, three seeds of Ricinodendron heudelotii subsp. africanum and a quantity of canna blooms Canna indica are beaten together in a mortar, and put into a big spoon. Then a little salt and red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis freshly prepared, (not refined by heating) is added. Three pebbles are put in the fire and allowed to get hot, then one of these "rocks" is put into the spoon and stirred until it has cooled, and then discarded. The same process is repeated with two other rocks. Woman starts up the ladderstick towards the loft and stands with both feet on the first notch and she dips her fingers into the spoon and lick off the medicine. She will have her menstrual function restored in two or three days
H100) gonorrheal orchitis, a piece of the bark of Erythrina latissima with two of the conical thorns still adherent. The inner bark and chews it up with a few grains of Aframomum angustifolium. (cited as Amomum melagueta). Holding the scrotum in both hands the healer blows his medicine from his mouth onto it, then he breaks off the two thorns from the bark, calcines them and mixes the powder with red palm oil, and rubs it on the scrotum. In two or three days the swelling will go down
H(100) gonorrhea, bark fibers of Waltheria americana are twisted into a cord to be worn around the waist. The cord and loin cloth are smeared with an ointment made of the flower stalks of Cyathula prostrata fried black, and ground up with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis
H(004) wound, juice of Rothmannia whitfieldii is rubbed in scarification to cause a slight formation of keloid. After a few days the wounds are dressed with palm kernel oil of Elaeis guineensis applied with a brush of owl's feathers
H(012) fracture, a stick from each of the following trees or shrubs is calcined: cited as Ricinodendron africanum, Dracena sp., Whitfieldia lateritia and any small twig broken over with the break healed so that the stick is growing in the twisted or bent position. The calcined wood is powdered and mixed with the red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis.The ointment is rubbed on the area over the fracture
H(166) hiccough, a whole vine of Clerodendron sp. is calcined and beaten to powder. This powder is kept in a small horn, and a small amount mixed with red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. ( author said: “charred drug is magical”)
H(013) chronic ulcers , leaves of the variety of Combretum aculeatum growing on dry ground are fried in palm oil of Elaeis guineensis with a finger ring in the pot. The mass is rubbed on the legs and the ring is worn
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) offerings to a variety of vodun spirits, the guardian spirit, is offered yams, palm oil, chicken blood, and other offerings.
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Benin
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) oracle rituals, palm nuts of Elaeis guineensis are used for ritual usages going as far as to be made sacred at the oracle Fa (Fon), Ifa (Yoruba), Afan (Ewe) consulted very often when looking for the causes of illnesses and of fate dreams
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Bénin (Fa) (Yoruba) (Ewe)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) mental fatigue, a fresh nut of Elaeis guineensis easy to pound or smash is mixed together with leaves from Hibiscus surattensis., Asystasia gangetica, Musa x sapientum and Cyperus articulate. The mixture is rubbed on the body of the patient. The patient should be facing the sun during the treatment and pronounce “wishes” of good luck. The residues are put under the patient’s pillow. If he dreams of a young girl with erected breasts, there is hope for cure. He should not wash himself during the rest of the treatment day
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) drive away bad spirits, inflorescencesfrom Elaeis guineensis are burned so the smoke drives away bad spirits
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana (Akan)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) offering; coconut shells filled with palm wine placed on ancestors’ graves
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Kenya (Mijikenda)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) make children walk, empty infructescences of Elaeis guineensis alone or mixed with ginger (Zingiber officinale) are burned and applied as magical medicine in the form of an enema to small children to encourage them to walk at an early age
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elaeis guineensis var. idolatrica A. Chev.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis var. idolatrica A. Chev.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) sacred place, whole plant (palm tree) of Elaeis guineensis var. idolatrica is protected as sacred where ever it grows because it is seen as the realization on earth of the god Fa. Nobody is allowed to cut it down or to use its fruits for making oil. The ritual use of these palms is reserved for soothsayers called bokonon
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Benin
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Hibiscus surattensis L.
Official name : Hibiscus surattensis L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) mental fatigue, a fresh nut of Elaeis guineensis easy to pound or smash is mixed together with leaves from Hibiscus surattensis., Asystasia gangetica, Musa x sapientum and Cyperus articulate. The mixture is rubbed on the body of the patient. The patient should be facing the sun during the treatment and pronounce “wishes” of good luck. The residues are put under the patient’s pillow. If he dreams of a young girl with erected breasts, there is hope for cure. He should not wash himself during the rest of the treatment day
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Official name : Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(0201) circumcision ceremony, leaves of Hyphaene coriacea are tied to legs of boys and heads of women during circumcision ceremony
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Kenya ( Camus)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Official name : Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) ritual, leaves of Hyphaene coriacea used to prepare bridal hats
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Namibia (Ovambo)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Kalanchoe sp.
Official name : Kalanchoe sp.
Family : Crassulaceae
Symptoms : H(143)
Recipes : H(143) smallpox, leaves of Kalanchoe sp., leaves of Peperomia pellucida and powdered snail shells are mixed into an oily base consisting of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) and shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa). Preparation of the ointment is accompanied by the long incantation. The resulting ointment is efficacious in reducing pock marks or scarring
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Nigeria (Yoruba)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Mareya micrantha (Benth.) Müll.Arg.
Official name : Mareya micrantha (Benth.) Müll.Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake bites, a piece of every sort of thorny shrub or scratchy vine is collected and all calcined in a pot, beaten to a black powder in a mortar and mixed with red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. The medicine is put into a horn or into a big acatma snail shell. Leaves of Mareya spicata Baill. are beaten up with clay and a little put in the horn before it is filled with a calcined mixture. This medicine is also used as an emergency treatment for any snakebite. A little eaten and rubbed on the wound is thought to be efficient first-aid treatment
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano/Ba,, Kona )
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Microdesmis puberula Hook.f. ex Planch.
Official name : Microdesmis puberula Hook.f. ex Planch.
Family : Pandaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139) impotence, young leaves of Microdesmis puberula are chewed with palm kernels, while the mass is rubbed on the back of the loins
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano )
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Morinda morindoides (Baker) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Morinda morindoides (Baker) Milne-Redh.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) craw-craw, leaves of Morinda morindoides. are mashed and made into a leaf packet with two palm nuts; the packet is roasted in the fire. The pulp is rubbed on the skin
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Official name : Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Family : Musaceae
Synonyms : Musa ×sapientum L.
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) mental fatigue, a fresh nut of Elaeis guineensis easy to pound or smash is mixed together with leaves from Hibiscus surattensis., Asystasia gangetica, Musa x sapientum and Cyperus articulate. The mixture is rubbed on the body of the patient. The patient should be facing the sun during the treatment and pronounce “wishes” of good luck. The residues are put under the patient’s pillow. If he dreams of a young girl with erected breasts, there is hope for cure. He should not wash himself during the rest of the treatment day
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth
Official name : Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(143)
Recipes : H(143) smallpox, leaves of Kalanchoe sp., leaves of Peperomia pellucida and powdered snail shells are mixed into an oily base consisting of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) and shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa). Preparation of the ointment is accompanied by the long incantation. The resulting ointment is efficacious in reducing pock marks or scarring
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Nigeria (Yoruba)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Protomegabaria stapfiana (Beille) Hutch.
Official name : Protomegabaria stapfiana (Beille) Hutch.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) protection for women, calcined twig of Protomegabaria stapfiana (mentioned as Protomegabaria staphiana) mixed with red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis and salt and put into a horn. any woman member of the snake society may lick the medicine from the end of the finger if she feels dizzy or afraid
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano/Ba,, Kona )
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.
Official name : Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) festivities, leaves of Raphia farinifera are utilized for making crosses, and they are burned as incent at church
Region : I
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Raphia hookeri G.Mann & H.Wendl.
Official name : Raphia hookeri G.Mann & H.Wendl.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(197)
Recipes : H(197) fontanel the seeds of Raphia hookeri are used to treat the baby’s fontanel that “beats”. The seeds are roasted over the fire till they are black as coal, ground to powder, mixed with some unknown ingredient (perhaps oil) and the mixture is smeared on the fontanel
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana and Benin
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Raphia vinifera P.Beauv.
Official name : Raphia vinifera P.Beauv.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) fresh bud leaves of Raphia vinifera are suspended as a curtain in the villages’ entrances to ward off the evil
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Raphia vinifera P.Beauv.
Official name : Raphia vinifera P.Beauv.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) against witchcraf, a curtain made of bud leaves of Raphia vinifera which is a barrier set up across the road leading to the secret place of a meeting. It is effective against any outsider that may bring witchcraft medicine, poison, or any member who recently had sexual intercourse
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ricinodendron africanum Müll.Arg.
Official name : Ricinodendron africanum Müll.Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, a stick from each of the following trees or shrubs is calcined: cited as Ricinodendron africanum, Dracena sp., Whitfieldia lateritia and any small twig broken over with the break healed so that the stick is growing in the twisted or bent position. The calcined wood is powdered and mixed with the red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis.The ointment is rubbed on the area over the fracture
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) Pierre ex Heckel
Official name : Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) Pierre ex Heckel
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(116)
Recipes : H(116) amenorrhea, three seeds of Ricinodendron heudelotii subsp. africanum and a quantity of canna blooms Canna indica are beaten together in a mortar, and put into a big spoon. Then a little salt and red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis freshly prepared, (not refined by heating) is added. Three pebbles are put in the fire and allowed to get hot, then one of these "rocks" is put into the spoon and stirred until it has cooled, and then discarded. The same process is repeated with two other rocks. Woman starts up the ladderstick towards the loft and stands with both feet on the first notch and she dips her fingers into the spoon and lick off the medicine. She will have her menstrual function restored in two or three days
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Rothmannia whitfieldii (Lindl.) Dandy
Official name : Rothmannia whitfieldii (Lindl.) Dandy
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound, juice of Rothmannia whitfieldii is rubbed in scarification to cause a slight formation of keloid. After a few days the wounds are dressed with palm kernel oil of Elaeis guineensis applied with a brush of owl's feathers
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.
Official name : Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(143)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, shea butter of Vitellaria paradoxa is used to make a ring around the neck. Underneath another ring with palm oil from Elaeis guineensis is made. Long incantation is recited
H(143) smallpox, leaves of Kalanchoe sp., leaves of Peperomia pellucida and powdered snail shells are mixed into an oily base consisting of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) and shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa). Preparation of the ointment is accompanied by the long incantation. The resulting ointment is efficacious in reducing pock marks or scarring
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Nigeria (Yoruba)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Waltheria indica L.
Official name : Waltheria indica L.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Waltheria americana L.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea, bark fibers of Waltheria americana are twisted into a cord to be worn around the waist. The cord and loin cloth are smeared with an ointment made of the flower stalks of Cyathula prostrata fried black, and ground up with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Whitfieldia lateritia Hook.
Official name : Whitfieldia lateritia Hook.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, a stick from each of the following trees or shrubs is calcined: cited as Ricinodendron africanum, Dracena sp., Whitfieldia lateritia and any small twig broken over with the break healed so that the stick is growing in the twisted or bent position. The calcined wood is powdered and mixed with the red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis.The ointment is rubbed on the area over the fracture
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Official name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) make children walk, empty infructescences of Elaeis guineensis alone or mixed with ginger (Zingiber officinale) are burned and applied as magical medicine in the form of an enema to small children to encourage them to walk at an early age
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors