Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

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Reference : HH 1k

Author(s) : Harjula, R.
Title : Mirau and his practice.A study of the ethnomedicinal repertoire of a tanzanian herbalist. Institut for cultural research, University of Turku, Finland, 224 p., (1980)TRI-MED BOOKS LTD: LONDON Registered Office: 5 Tudor Cottage, Lovers Walk, Finchley, London, N3 1JH
Reference HH 1k has information about 71 plants :
Acacia drepanolobium Harms ex Sjöstedt
Official name : Acacia drepanolobium Harms ex Sjöstedt
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(027y)
Recipes : H(027y), after-birth, the bark (a piece of about 7x7crn ) is boiled in water, : makes one dose. lt should be taken only once.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : tuai
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, roots are pounded and boiled, and the solution then taken aIl at once. Like the other udo remedies, Mukyekye also causes vomiting.
H(051) paludism, roots are pounded and boiled and the solution is taken by mouth as an emetic.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mukyekye
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), 1 to 3 leaves of the size of 5x7 cm are chewed and the juice swallowed; for a child, 1 small leaf is enough, if the leaves are boiled, 6 leaves give one dose of half a glassful.
Magilambori belongs to the most powerful group of remedies used by Mirau for stomach disease.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : magilambori
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), worms (makuru ya ndeu) , H(068)white worms (makuru meelo): tapeworm, root bark is ground, dried and mixed with bot milk; fresh root bark can be used in thesame way. A 50 cm piece of the root, 0,5-1.0 cm in diameter, makes up an average dose, administered only once, as it causes severe diarrhoea. it is recommends to mix with Saitona
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : Mukuta
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), A handful of the leaves is boiled to make a dose of somewhat more than half a litre; the dose may be repeated after 2 days if necessary. Child ren are given less.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : sumangara
Barleria mucronata Lindau
Official name : Barleria mucronata Lindau
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020), The most well-known poisonous snakes include cobras, mambas and puff-adders. For snakebites, (Symptoms: The heart of the patient beats very fast)The leaves are chewed and then rubbed between the palms into a baIl which is applied to the bite. During this procedure, the patient keeps the eyes shut.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : tungurushashe
Bersama abyssinica Fres.
Official name : Bersama abyssinica Fres.
Family : Melianthaceae
Synonyms : Bersama abyssinica subsp. engleriana (Gürke) F.White
Symptoms : H(093)
Recipes : H(093), Poisoning, stomach ache,vomiting, constipation; later also blood appears in the stools, as 'the poison cuts the stomach'., the leaves of the plant are boiled; 30-40 leaves of 5 x 10 cm in size will produce a dose of 4-5 glassfuls of infusion, to be taken aIl at the same time.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kirangwe
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) flowers and stalks are boiled; 4 plants of about 45 cm in height give a dose of about half a litre.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mamiso
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(093), H(104)
Recipes : H(104), bark is dried and ground to a granular consistency and not into a powder (the crumbly result looks remarkably like dry elephantstool); 1 pinch of the granules , RNS.
H(093), Poisoning; particularly those cases in which it is suspected that women's menstrual blood bas been swallowed along with food. The bark is dried and ground into rough crumbs and 1 pinch of the crumbs is mixed with 1 glass ful of bot water, 1 glass ful is taken each day for 3-4 days, or 2 glass fuls can be swallowed just once.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : yaarile
Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Official name : Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Family : Simaroubaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(104)
Recipes : H(013) skin disease: ltching rash (meele), ltching rash on different parts of the body. A large amount of leaves is boiled and the solution is then applied to the rash.
H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), A few pieces of the root are boiled, and the solution taken as a purgative; the dosage depends on the patient. According to Mirau, the leaves of telekuru are 'very poisonous' .
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : lelekuru
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston
Official name : Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), Stomach Disease (ndwari ya ndeu), A 10 cm piece ofthe root, about 1 cm in diameter, is boiled and this yields one dose. lt is ad ministered 1 dose a day for 2 consecutive days, if needed. Unrushu does not act as an emeticor a purgative, but just 'opens' and 'softens' the stomach so that it functions normally again.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : unrushu
Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Official name : Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Calpurnia subdecandra (L'Hérit.) Schweick.
Symptoms : H(092), H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), about 12-15 branchs are boiled to make a dose of 3 glassfuls; the whole dose is taken at one time and only once. Kyangare causes an immediate vomiting. Because of its prompt emetic action, Kyangare is recommended in cases of suspected poisoning, H(092)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not registered
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(018), H(093), H(104)
Recipes : H(018), headache (mavavio ya nrwa), pains in the head, concentrated in theforehead, temples and the back part of the head. The root is dried and ground and then smoked like obacco; alternatively, the root may be burned or boiled and the smoke or vapour inhaled; the powdered root can also be used as a snuff.
H(093), This cure is used especially if it is suspected that the poisonous Makirutu (Capparis tomentosa Lam.) hasbeen swallowed.The leaves are boiled and the resulting solution taken aIl at once. This results in vomiting. It is also uses as a remedy for stomach disease H(104)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : makirutu
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(018), H(091)
Recipes : H(091), the roots are cleansed and boiled and the brew taken as such or mixed with soup. Carissa cleanses the blood. Th is prepa ration may be used also to prevent loss of strength
H(018), Mirau also recommends Carissa edulis as a remedy for headache
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : lamuriake
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), fresh leaves are boiled and the solution drunk,or the leaves are ru bbed between the palms of the hands and eaten with banana; the leaves can also be dried and ground and the powder belongs to the most powerful group of purgatives : a couple of leaves are enough for one dose and the remedy taken only once. It may not be given to children, or to a pregnan woman
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ivinu
Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Official name : Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(013), H(027y), H(108)
Recipes : H(013), skin disease: ltching rash (meele) This remedy is prepared and used in the same way as Mangumo . 3-5 handfulsofthe leaves are boiled,and the solution is added to 10-15 litres of local beer. The mixture is then taken according to the need of the patient. The beer mixed with Mangumo helps in cleansing the womb' as well as the blood and also gives the women strength after giving birth.H(013) , skin disease: ltching rash (meele), 50 leaves are boiled and the solution taken orally , 1 glassful 3 times a day. A handful of leaves makes up an average dose for a whole day, that is, 3 glassfuls.
H(100) gono.rrhoea and syphilis , ONS., RNS.
H(108) cough with fever (ikorua), leaves and stalks are boiled and the vapour , inhaled; a blanket may be used as a 'tent' to cover the patient for a delayed after-birth H(027y) and as a topical remedy for a for a delayed after-birth and as a topical remedy for a skin diseaseH(013)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : meefu
Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Official name : Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(027y)
Recipes : H(027y), delayed after-birth, 3-5 handfulsofthe leaves are boiled,and the solution is added to 10-15 litres of local beer. The mixture is then taken according to the need of the patient. The beer mixed with Mangumo helps in cleansing the womb' as well as the blood and also gives the women strength after giving birth.
H(013) , Skin Disease: ltching Rash (meele), 50 leaves are boiled and the solution taken orally , 1 glassful 3 times a day. A handful of leaves makes up an average dose for a whole day, that is, 3 glassfuls.
H(100) gono.rrhoea and syphilis , ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : iwombo
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(179), kidney pains (mavavio ya fio), the root is boiled, and the solution drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : isunukui
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(179)
Recipes : H(033) femal , temporary Barrenness, pieces of the root are boiled; a handful of the pieces makes 1 glassful. This constitutes the daily dose, taken at one time.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : isunukui
Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(108)
Recipes : H(018), beating headache (mavavio ya nrwa). A piece of the root is cut and then twisted with both hands; the poignant vapour of the root is inhaled a few times. This should be repeated only twice a day, because too mucl) sniffing can make the patient 'drunk' . The remedy is used for aIl ages, even for small children. Yaatlla is also used as a remedy for a cold in the nose H(108)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : yaatha
Clerodendrum johnstonii Oliv.
Official name : Clerodendrum johnstonii Oliv.
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), Minor abdominal pains without diarrhoea or other symptoms.The leaves are boiled; a few leaves yield a dose of one glassful. lt is usually taken 1 -2 times a day, 'but those who are used to this medicine may take u p to 3-4 glassfuls a day'
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not registered
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(014), H(108)
Recipes : Clerodendrum is used as a remedy for a skin diseaseH(014), but occasionally also for feverish cough with pains H(108). In the latter case, the roots are boiled and the brew taken by mouth.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kifufu nkinini
Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach.
Official name : Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(002), H(037), H(051), H(162)
Recipes : H(037) + H(051), cough with fever and pains, some leaves are boiled and a cupful of the solution is taken 3 times a day. lt may be taken more often if the patient is used to the medicine. A handful of leaves yields about 5-6 cups of the medicine. If the leaves cannot be boiled, for example, during a journey, they may simply be chewed; here again the be avoided and children given less than adults.
H(002)employed as a medicine for a woman who lacks milk after giving birth , H(162) Difficulties in Urinating, Pieces of the root are boiled and the solution swallowed as such, or mixed with soup or other food.
H(002), sheep fat is cooked and a piece of the root, about 3x 5-10cm in size, is added to the food forthe patient.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : yaambura
Commiphora zimmermannii Engl.
Official name : Commiphora zimmermannii Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Synonyms : Commiphora kyimbilensis Engl.
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) woman, Persistent Barrenness (itura mwana) , the leaves are boiled; 10 leaves, about 2 x 4 cm in size, are used to make 1 glassful of medicine. Two glassfuls may be talken each day 'until the woman starts expecting
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not registered
Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Del.
Official name : Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Del.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(104)
Recipes : H(004) cut, the juice of the fresh young leaves is used as an application to the wound or cut.
H(104), remedy for stomach , ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ifu(ru)furu
Croton megalocarpus Hutch.
Official name : Croton megalocarpus Hutch.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), bark and rootbark is freshly ground,or dried and then , ground; 1 pinch of the crumbs or the powder is mixed with about 0.75 litre of hot water or hot milk. It is taken only once, and it causes vomiting. If the remedy is administered in smaller dosages it acts as a purgative. It may be given to patients of aIl ages, but only very little is administered to small children.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : moakyekye
Dalbergia lactea Vatke
Official name : Dalbergia lactea Vatke
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), 4-5 handfuls of the leaves (or less) are boiled, and the solution drunk all at one time, prepared in thisway, acts as an emetic.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : Ilashi
Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq.
Official name : Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(178)
Recipes : H(104), Stomach Disease (ndwari ya ndeu), Depending on the patient, a suitable dose of leaves are boiled and the brew taken aIl at once; this usually results in vomiting.
H(178), sometimes recommends Dodonaea also as a remedy for heartburn
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ngare
Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Official name : Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Synonyms : Dracaena papahu Engl.
Symptoms : H(034), H(099), H(103)
Recipes : H(034) night, Startling (irsoo), Symptoms: Startling,which is followed by fast heart beat; the startling takes place during sleep, it awakens the person. Remedy: the juicy part of the fresh top leaves (ukofi) may be chewed and swallowed; alternatively, this part is boiled and the solution taken by mouth. It can also be boiled with a few leaves of Mfu(ru)furu (Croton macrostachyus ) and the vapour l inhaled. lt should be taken only once,and a piece of 1 cm is enough for a dose. It must be boiled if the remedy is given to a child under the age of 2 years.
H(099), Children's Nocturnal Restlessness: A small piece of the juicy part of a top leaf (ukofi) is boiled and the solution administered to the child.
H(103), Toothache (ma va vio ya mayo), A piece of the root is warmed in ashes and embers, an
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : lsaale
Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name : Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(108)
Recipes : H(018) + H(108), Headache with Cold in the Nose (mavavio ya nrwa na i, a handful of the leaves is wrapped in a piece of banana leaf and the 'packet' warmed in ashes and embers; a hole is cut at each end may be repeated twice a day. It is a weaker medicine, the cure usually begins with the availability of either one of the remedies. It may also be used for small children.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : urovirovi
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Official name : Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), cough with fever and pains, A piece of fresh bark is boiled, and 1-3 glassfuls of the preparation are taken once a day; a piece of about 5 x 10 cm will prepare enough for a week. One glassful is taken in the morning and one again in the evening for several days if nee. If the leaves cannot be boiled,a few small leaves may be chewed . Children's dosages are smaller.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : nriri
Euclea divinorum Hiern
Official name : Euclea divinorum Hiern
Family : Ebenaceae
Synonyms : Euclea keniensis R.E. Fries
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), bark is dried and ground; 1 pinch of the powder is mixed with 1 glassful of water ; also, the whole root can be boiled and the resultant solution taken as a remedy for ndwari ya ndeu. lkyei is taken only once, and it acts as a purgative. This medicine may not be taken by children. Together with Ivinu and Magilambori, lkyei belongs to the most powerful group of remedies employed by Mirau for stomach disease.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ikyei
Euphorbia heterochroma Pax
Official name : Euphorbia heterochroma Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), Kukuruvei. A 60 cm pieceof the long slender, juicy leaf is cut into small pieces and boiled, the solution taken jmmediately; the remedy may be taken daily for up to 2-4 days, il needed. The children's dose is about one-quarter of this. Kukuruvei 'softens' the stomach and the stools.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kukuruvei
Fuerstia africana T.C.E. Fries
Official name : Fuerstia africana T.C.E. Fries
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(034)
Recipes : H(034) night, children's nocturnal restlessness: the leaves are added to hot water, and the child is washed with the water; alternatively, the leaves are rubbed between the palms, and the child is rubbed with the juice of the leaves.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ngaangu
Helinus mystacinus (Ait.) E. Mey . ex Steud.
Official name : Helinus mystacinus (Ait.) E. Mey . ex Steud.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109), pains in the back (mavavio ya mwungo), Pieces of the root are boiled, and the solution then added to tea or soup; taken 2-4 times a day 'in moderate doses'.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : Ilalaa
Heliotropium steudneri Vatke
Official name : Heliotropium steudneri Vatke
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004)cut, leaves are rubbed between the palms and the juice of the leaves is applied to the wound or cut.It stops bleeding and prevents pus
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : nusikirai
Hibiscus fuscus Garcke
Official name : Hibiscus fuscus Garcke
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008), Diarrhoea (yoorika) (especially that of children) The small leaves are rubbed and pressed in water in order to extract the juice without any boiling.Thedosages are six leaves of about the size of 2x3 cm are enough for a dose of 2 or3 large spoon ful; this dose is taken 1-3 times a day
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : isendeeri eelwa
Hoslundia opposita Vahl
Official name : Hoslundia opposita Vahl
Family : Lamiaceae
Synonyms : Hoslundia oppositifolia P. Beauv.
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(033) femal, Persistent Barrenness (itura mwana) a woman who may or may not bave given birth earlier; in any case, she has not been able to conceive for some time.The causes of barrenness are the following.
(1) A woman may be cursed with infertility, for example, by ller parents if she insults them, or by a neighbou r to whom she bas done something wrong or from whom she bas stolen.
(21 Sorcery (usavi)
(3) The improper use of nungu (a means ofexercising sorcery)
(4) Having a 'bad spirit': A woman whose spirit or soul (nrima)
(5) The activity of ancestral spirits (varumu)
(6) Various illnesses: In particular, illnesses in the area of the: uterus may cause barrenness.
Usage: The roots are boiled and the solution taken by mouth; 1 handfu l of the roots makes 1 glassfu l of the solution which is taken once a day. lf thebarrenness hasbeen caused by a curse or the patient's own 'bad spirit', she must first be reconciled and forgiven. Oniy then can the remedy help her.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ki katiti
Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poir.
Official name : Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poir.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), About half a handful of leaves are boiled to make each glassful of this medicine. One glasslul is taken in the morning and one again in the evening for several days if needed. If the leaves cannot be boiled,a few small leaves may be chewed .Children's dosages are smaller.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : isambewa
Iboza multiflora (Benth.) E.A. Bruce
Official name : Iboza multiflora (Benth.) E.A. Bruce
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) flu, two leaves of about 5 x 5 cm are chewed, taken only once a day; or a piece of about 10 cm of the root or stalk is warmed in embers, the skin of bark stripped off with a fingernail and chewed as such, taken only once a day. The dosage for children is smalIer depending on their age.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ikingilj inini
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(179)
Recipes : H(179), kidney pains (mavavio ya fio) Pieces of the bark are dried and ground; teaspoonful of the powder is mixed in about 1 glassful of hot water. This remedy is taken once a day. According to the healer Mirau, the fresh bark of this tree is poisonous but the drying process reduces the poison. 'If the bark is not dried, it gives you heart trouble.' In 1976, Mirau explained that the sausage-like fruit of the Imumu tree with the seeds inside can also be used for the same purpose. The fruil is just cut into pieces and boiled. The fruit of this is a usage tree' is also used in local beer. The contents of the fruit are boiled, without the seeds, dried in the sunshine and added to
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : imumu
Lantana trifolia L.
Official name : Lantana trifolia L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach pains (mavavio ya ndeu)? Minor abdominal pains without diarrhoea or other symptoms. A handful ofleaves are boiled in order to make a dose of 1 glassful. This is administered only once a day since it causes vomiting if taken in excess of this.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : makirikiriani
Loranthus sp.
Official name : Loranthus sp.
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu) A handful of the leaves is boiled, yielding a dose of about half a litre; this is the dose for a patient who is , accustomed to this remedy'; new patients and children are given less. ~. Kilalangwa is an emetic and the cure is taken only once, but it can be repeated after 2 days.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kilalangwa
Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Official name : Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Family : Myrsinaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(068) white worms (makuru meelo): The tiny dark berries are dried and ground; a pinch or more of the powder is taken mixed with 1 glass ful of bot milk. The cure may be repeated after 3 months.
H(091), lack of strength (itura finya) A quantity of carefully cleansed root is boiled, the amount depending on the person to be treated.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kirundwe
Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name : Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018), Pounding Headache (nsungurua), Pounding ache in the head, blood vessels are seen on the temples, dizziness. 'lt is like seeing sornebody throwing embers in the air or like seeing stars in the eyes.' A large amou nt of fresh leaves or roots are boiled and the vapour is inhaled, or they are burned and the smoke inhaled; a blanket may be used here as a 'tent' with the patient inside.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ngaimurunyai
Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name : Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Symptoms : H(004), H(055)
Recipes : H(004) cut, The leaves are rubbed between the palms into a baIl which is used as a dressing to the wound or cut. ltongorio is said to stop the bleeding, cleanse the wo\jnd and hinder the germs (makuru) from entering and causing pus (ufia).
H(104), it is recommends also as a remedy for stomach pains, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : itongorio
Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Official name : Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Family : Musaceae
Synonyms : Musa ×sapientum L.
Symptoms : H(034)
Recipes : H(034), Heart Disease (ndwari ya ngoo)The heart of the patient beats too fast; at other times it beats too slowly.' Sweating and trembling with any physical exercise, the patient also feels continuously thirsty; this may lead to dizziness and even collapse. The inner part of the sharp end or tip of the banana bunch. One or two banana are eaten twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. If this does not help within 4 days, the cure continues with Mkosheni, which is strongedy alone, however, does not help.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : nginana
Neoboutonia macrocalyx Pax
Official name : Neoboutonia macrocalyx Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008), dysentery with Blood (yoorika usau) bark is dried and ground, and the powder is mixed with milk or water and honey; 1 pinch (half a teaspoonful) of the powder is enough for 1 dose. Th is remedy is taken twice a day , i n the morning and in the evening, until the patient recovers.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : itutu
Ocimum suave Willd.
Official name : Ocimum suave Willd.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) femal, Persistent Barrenness (itura mwana) Pieces of the roots are boiled; 3 pieces of about 20 cm in length and 1 cm in diameter yield a dose of 1 glassful. The leaves can also be used as a 'tea'
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : inuka
Olea africana Miller
Official name : Olea africana Miller
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091), Dried or fresh bark or pith is boiled with soup ond or twice a day. It is particularly suitable with a soup made of banana and meat.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : senifu
Oxygonum sinuatum (Meissn.) Dammer
Official name : Oxygonum sinuatum (Meissn.) Dammer
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108), Food Burning in lhe Throat (kyunguya), A whole plant (the medium size being around 50 cm ~ high) is boiled and the brew taken aIl at once
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kitanguringuri
Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Official name : Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), Stomach Disease (ndwari ya ndeu), Both root and bark are boiled, a few pieces at a time, giving a dose of 1 glassful; 1-2 glassfuls may be taken per day.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kinasi
Periploca linearifolia Dill. & A. Rich.
Official name : Periploca linearifolia Dill. & A. Rich.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) femal, Persistent Barrenness (itura mwana), The root is carefully cleansed of aIl dirt and cut into pieces. The fragments are dipped into prepared food such as , soup, 1-3 times a day; the same root pieces are used unt become colourless. The idea here is that the white liquid of the root, it is said that this is the most potent of the remedies.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mungareto
Physalis peruviana L.
Official name : Physalis peruviana L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach pains (mavavio ya ndeu), Minor abdominal pains without diarrhoea or other symptoms. A few leaves are boiled, but before boiling they are pounded with a stick so that the juice will mix witht thewater more quickly; 5 leaves give one dose. The fresh leaves can also be chewed, for example, if the stomach ache starts to trouble someone during a safari in the forest; in this case, 3 leaves of the size of about 7 x 7 cm are enough. Tamutamu 'helps the food to move on through the stomach , but may also cause vomiting.The remedy is taken one
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : tamu-amu
Plectranthus barbatus Andrews
Official name : Plectranthus barbatus Andrews
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108)Cough with Fever (ikorua). The leaves are boi led and, depending on the patient, 1- 4glassfuls of thesolution are takenfor2-3days; a dose of 2 leaves of 5 x 5 cm size makes one glassful. Children are given less, and only once a day. If the leaves cannotbe boiled, they may be chewed
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ikingili nyinya
Rhamnus prinoides L' Hérit.
Official name : Rhamnus prinoides L' Hérit.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gono., H(100) syph.. A large quantity of roots is mixed with local beer or with meat soup. Local clubs and bars are known to provide this as a prophylactic.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : nyareto
Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Official name : Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drummond
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091),Small pieces of the root (which looks like a large carrot) are boiled and the solution added to a soup made of cow or goat meat. One handfu l of the root pieces makes one dose.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kilenyai
Rubia cordifolia L.
Official name : Rubia cordifolia L.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(055), H(104)
Recipes : H(004) cuts. The leaves are rubbed between the palms into a baIl which is then applied as a dressing to the wound or cut. A Rubia dressing stops the blee from causing pus (ufia) in the wound or cut.
H(104) + H(055)as an emetic in stomach disease, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not registered
Salvadora persica L.
Official name : Salvadora persica L.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091), Pieces of the root are boiled and sugar is added. lt is taken as a sort of tea.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kimura
Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Official name : Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109), pains in the Back (mavavio ya mwungo), Pieces of the root are boiled and the solution added to soup. 'The dosage depends on the patient.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : eruati
Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) ulcer, some people use lturunga as a remedy for stomach ache caused by boils (yuure), but this can be dangerous as this plant can cut the stomach like a knife, , ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : iturunga
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053), Earache (mavavio ya kuri) .Pains in the ear(s); pus (ufia) may also appear in the ear. A gall of the plant (nswe) is warmed in aslies and embers, and a few drops of the gall's liquid is squeezed into the patient's ear.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : nrua
Solanum indicum L.
Official name : Solanum indicum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(000)
Recipes : H(000), Ceneralized pains (mavavio) Among Children. pains in various parts of the body. A small quantity of the roots is boiled and a little of the solution given to the child. lt should be taken only once a day.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : nrua lwa warimu
Stephania abyssinica (Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp.
Official name : Stephania abyssinica (Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach pains (mavavio ya ndeu) Minor abdominal pains without diarrhoea or other symptoms. This remedy is particularly suitable for children aged 2-3 years. Less than a handful of leaves is boiled to makeenough for 3 doses. The first dose is taken in the morning, the second at noon, and the third dose in the evening; it may be taken for3-4days
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : makitami
Tacazzea apiculata Oliv.
Official name : Tacazzea apiculata Oliv.
Family : Asclepiadaceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) male, Male lmpotence, The root bark, which has a pleasant vanilla smell and taste, is carefully cleansed and chewed in large quantities. 'Some people can eat it just like food'' that is, as a sort of sexual tonic.It is also recommeuded as a remedy for pains in diffet lack of strength
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : nkongora
Teclea simplicifolia (Engl.) Verdoorn
Official name : Teclea simplicifolia (Engl.) Verdoorn
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(027x), H(033), H(091)
Recipes : H(000), pains in various parts of the body. Pieces of the root are boiled together with honey, or the pieces are mlxed with local beer.
H(027x), Teclea is used also as a remedy for cleansing the womb after childbirth and as a means to facilitate conception
H(033) femal, temporaire, Dubious ability to conteive, Pieces of the root are dried and ground, and ! administered mixed with other remedies such as lsvnvkui and Kimbukuri
H(091), it is also recommends as a remedy for the pains of older people
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : indereto
Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Official name : Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach pains (mavavio ya ndeu). Minor abdominal pains without diarrhoea or other symptoms. Leaves, stalk, flowers and roots are boiled, and the solution is then administered to the patient. The dosage varies from a few drops to a whole glassful, depending on the patient's ageand previousexposuretothe remedy. Manyuluko isasuitable remedy especially for children aged 2-4 years, but can also be taken by adults. may cause vomiting, but usually helps without that actually taking place..
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : manyuluko
Tragia brevipes Pax
Official name : Tragia brevipes Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018), headache (mavavio ya nrwa) , pains in thehead, concentrated in theforehead, temples and the back part of the head. The temples are massaged with the seeds of the plant; this gives a 'burning' sensation taking the pains away. It is used only for adults.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : unrafi
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126), liver pains (mavavio ya irema), A pinch of the fresh leaves is poundedand put in a glass; bot water is added and the preparation mixed. The patient is instructed to take only 1 glassful a day for 2-3days. Itcan cause vomiting if more than this is taken. Pieces of the root can also be boiled for the same purpose.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mbiringito
Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Official name : Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia alboviolaceae De Wild.
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126), liver , pains in the live (mavavio ya irema); the liver may swell. A suitable amount of fresh leaves is boiled, and the solution drunk. The dosage depends on the patient; an average dose is a handful of the leaves which yields about a glassful of the remedy.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mbasa
Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Official name : Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Physalis somnifera L.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gono., H(100) syph.ilis, (usetai), Difficulties and pain in urinating, pus (uiia) and small quantities of blood in urine; small wounds and even boils (yuure) inside the sexual organs and in the lower parts of the if, abdomen. The yuure may spread and enter the head, backbone and kidneys; if the kidneys become infected by the boils, the Il legs of the patient star(ts a rash (yuure lwa ~ sooko) on them. In the more severe form of usetai, there is more pus and blood in the urine and a wound level, The root is first dried and ground. A pinch of the powder is mixed in half a glassful of tea and taken orally once a day.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : tesaye