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Reference : HM 42

Author(s) : Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otieno, Pamela K. Mbabazi, Anke Weisheit
Title : Ethnomedicine of the Kagera Region, north western Tanzania. Part 2: The medicinal plants of Katoro Ward, Bukoba District Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2010, 6:19 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-6-19 + Additional file
Reference HM 42 has information about 35 plants :
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(037), H(076), H(078), H(104)
Recipes : H(001) eye infections, H(076) mouth ulcers, the leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia are pound together with Ageratum conyzoides. Fresh leaves are pounded, juice squeezed out and applied as eye drops three times a day for three days.
H(006) constipation,H(037) cough remedy, H(078) fibroids with difficulties to conceive, H(104) peptic ulcers, roots of Ageratum conyzoides chewed fresh as an antacid and antiseptic while leaves boiled and decoction taken as tea.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : katabataba
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(091), H(100), H(139)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(091) anaemia, H(100) HIV/AIDS and H(139) aphrodisiac, aid in conception, leaves of Bidens pilosa are eaten as vegetable for treatment of anaemia and also squeezed and the exudates are applied to wounds as iodine tincture. the leaves are softened by wrapping the them in banana leaves and placing them under ash
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : kakurura
Boerhavia diffusa L.
Official name : Boerhavia diffusa L.
Family : Nyctaginaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(104)
Recipes : H(013) ulcers, H(104) peptic, aerial parts of Boerhavia diffusa pounded, soaked in water and decanted. Half to one glass is then taken three times a day. The dry powder can also be taken with water or in tea.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : kimotoka
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(013), H(037), H(118)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases and burning sensation of the skin,H(037) chest pains, H(118) loss of speech, dry roots of Capparis tomentosa are either boiled with water or made into powder and taken with tea.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : ruvulinganga
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(109), H(139), H(169)
Recipes : H(109) backache, H(139) aphrodisiac, H(169) hernia, roots of Carissa spinarum are boiled with the bark of Elaedendron buchanannii or a powder made from pounding the roots of this species mixed with the bark of Elaedendron buchanannii is taken with tea. They can also be mixed with Tragia furialis roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omukuyomonza
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(008), H(051)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, the roots of Senna alata are boiled and decoction drank
H(051) paludism, the leaves are pounded and and boiled with water and decoction drank.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : mgalula
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(051), H(104), H(157)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(104) abdominal colics, H(157) febrile convulsions, stem bark/root of Clerodendrum myricoides boiled with water and half teaspoonful administered
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : mkuzanyana
Combretum collinum Fresen.
Official name : Combretum collinum Fresen.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum hypopilinum Diels
Symptoms : H(008), H(166)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(166) antispasmodic, the roots of Combretum collinum are boiled with water and decoction VO..
H(008) dysentery decoction of roots of Combretum collinum combined with Rhus vulgaris roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : mkoyoyo
Dalbergia nitidula Bak.
Official name : Dalbergia nitidula Bak.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Dalbergia dekindtiana Harms
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, leaves of Dalbergia nitidula are boiled with the stem bark of Sapium ellipticum, VO.
H(051) febrile convulsions, fever, paludism, a decoction made with leaves of Vernonia amygdalina the stem bark of Rhus natalensis, leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium, Eriosema psoraleoides, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : ruguma
Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Ktze
Official name : Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Ktze
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Dichrocephala bicolor (Roth) Schldl.
Symptoms : H(001), H(076)
Recipes : H(001) eye infections, H(076) mouth ulcers, the leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia are pound together with Ageratum conyzoides. Fresh leaves are pounded, juice squeezed out and applied as eye drops three times a day for three days.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : ibuza
Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Official name : Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Synonyms : Dracaena papahu Engl.
Symptoms : H(037), H(078), H(082), H(127), H(169)
Recipes : H(037) chest problems in children, H(078) treatment for fibroids and women who are not conceving, H(082) asthma, H(127) splenomegaly, H(169) hernia, leaves Dracaena steudneri are burnt and the ash mixed with Sodium Bicarbonate which the patient then licks
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : mgorogoro
Elaeodendron buchananii (Loes.) Loes.
Official name : Elaeodendron buchananii (Loes.) Loes.
Family : Sapotaceae
Synonyms : Cassine buchananii Loes.
Symptoms : H(109), H(139), H(169)
Recipes : H(109) backache, H(139) aphrodisiac, H(169) hernia, roots of Carissa spinarum are boiled with the bark of Elaedendron buchanannii or a powder made from pounding the roots of this species mixed with the bark of Elaedendron buchanannii is taken with tea. They can also be mixed with Tragia furialis roots
H(139) aphrodisiac (very strong), roots of Elaeodendron buchananii are boiled with water and the decoction taken as tea or the powder made from dried roots is taken with porridge.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omuharanyi
Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don
Official name : Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Eriosema cajanoides (Guill. et Perr.) Hook. f.
Symptoms : H(051), H(139)
Recipes : H(051) paludism (omushana), H(139) aphrodisiac, leaves/roots of Eriosema psoraleoides boiled with water
H(051) febrile convulsions, fever, paludism, a decoction made with leaves of Vernonia amygdalina the stem bark of Rhus natalensis, leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium, Eriosema psoraleoides, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : orutanda igwa
Heeria reticulata (Bak. f.) Engl.
Official name : Heeria reticulata (Bak. f.) Engl.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa reticulata (Baker f.) R. Fern. & A. Fern. , Ozoroa insignis subsp. reticulata (Baker f.) J.B.Gillett
Symptoms : H(013), H(113)
Recipes : H(013) skin rashes, weeping rashes, H(014) fungal infection, athlete foot rot, H(113) burning sensation of the feet, :H(113) joint pains, powder of the roots or stem bark of Parinari curatellifolia is mixed with root powders of Rauvolfia vomitoria, Maytenus senegalensis, and Ozoroa insignis subsp. reticulata in a fat base. Preparation containing Rauvolfia vomitoria should not be applied to open wounds due to its toxicity
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Hoslundia opposita Vahl
Official name : Hoslundia opposita Vahl
Family : Lamiaceae
Synonyms : Hoslundia oppositifolia P. Beauv.
Symptoms : H(045)
Recipes : H(045) cleanse the womb of a pregnant woman and to facilitate conception. For womb cleansing leaves of Hoslundia opposita are boiled to make tea
H(135) to ease indigestion, leaves of Hoslundia opposita are combined with Ocimum basillicum
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : enzitoima
Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine
Official name : Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(100)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(100) gonorrhea, raise immunity, decoction of aerial parts of Hygrophila auriculata , VO
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : kasindano/karai
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(016)
Recipes : H(016) mastitis, mdudu wa kidole, leaves of Jatropha curcas are cooked on fire and sap squeezed out and used to dress affected area daily for 5 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : ekiho
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(015z), H(151)
Recipes : H(015z) haematinic, a decoction of the pod of Kigelia africana, VO.
H(151) hypertension, the bark of Kigelia africana is boiled with water and half a cup of the decoction is taken three times a day
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omujunguti
Lantana camara L.
Official name : Lantana camara L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Synonyms : Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Symptoms : H(003), H(022), H(037), H(100)
Recipes : H(003) swollen legs,H(022) to dilate vagina during labour,H(037) cough, H(100) gonorrhea, syphilis, The root/leaves of Lantana camara boiled together with stem bark of Mangifera indica and Ocimum basillicum and decotion taken
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omuuki
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(022), H(037), H(100)
Recipes : H(003) swollen legs,H(022) to dilate vagina during labour,H(037) cough, H(100) gonorrhea, syphilis, The root/leaves of Lantana camara boiled together with stem bark of Mangifera indica and Ocimum basillicum and decotion taken
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name : Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms : H(013), H(113)
Recipes : H(013) skin rashes, weeping rashes, H(014) fungal infection, athlete foot rot, H(113) burning sensation of the feet, :H(113) joint pains, powder of the roots or stem bark of Parinari curatellifolia is mixed with root powders of Rauvolfia vomitoria, Maytenus senegalensis, and Ozoroa insignis subsp. reticulata in a fat base. Preparation containing Rauvolfia vomitoria should not be applied to open wounds due to its toxicity
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : mnyabuliko
Melanthera scandens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
Official name : Melanthera scandens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(171)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(013) ulcers, H(171) lowering blood glucose, A thick decoction made using leaves of Melanthera scandens is drank or applied as paste on wounds
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : kyabakiliaho
Microglossa pyrifolia (Lam.) O. Ktze.
Official name : Microglossa pyrifolia (Lam.) O. Ktze.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Microglossa volubilis (Wallich) DC. , Conyza pyrifolia Lam.
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(108) colds, flu, leaves of Microglossa pyrifolia are pounded and the sap squeezed into the nostrils.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omuhe/Mkuraiju
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(022), H(037), H(100)
Recipes : H(003) swollen legs,H(022) to dilate vagina during labour,H(037) cough, H(100) gonorrhea, syphilis, The root/leaves of Lantana camara boiled together with stem bark of Mangifera indica and Ocimum basillicum and decotion taken

H(135) to ease indigestion, leaves of Hoslundia opposita are combined with Ocimum basillicum
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Official name : Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109) backache, leaves Pappea capensis boiled with the leaves of Vernonia brachycalyx and a tablespoonful of the decoction taken three times a day.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omulema mpango
Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Official name : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.
Family : Chrysobalanaceae
Synonyms : Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth. subsp. mobola (Oliv.) R. A. Graham
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(078), H(113)
Recipes : H(013) skin rashes, weeping rashes, H(014) fungal infection, athlete foot rot, H(113) burning sensation of the feet, :H(113) joint pains, powder of the roots or stem bark of Parinari curatellifolia is mixed with root powders of Rauvolfia vomitoria, Maytenus senegalensis, and Ozoroa insignis subsp. reticulata in a fat base. Preparation containing Rauvolfia vomitoria should not be applied to open wounds due to its toxicity.
H(078) cancers, one teaspoonful of powder is taken alone or mixed with honey three times a day until the cancer is treated.
Hydrops foetalis: the root bark is boiled with water and the decoction drank
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omunazi
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(014), H(113)
Recipes : H(013) skin rashes, weeping rashes, H(014) fungal infection, athlete foot rot, H(113) burning sensation of the feet, :H(113) joint pains, powder of the roots or stem bark of Parinari curatellifolia is mixed with root powders of Rauvolfia vomitoria, Maytenus senegalensis, and Ozoroa insignis subsp. reticulata in a fat base. Preparation containing Rauvolfia vomitoria should not be applied to open wounds due to its toxicity
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Official name : Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(046), H(051)
Recipes : H(046) chicken pox , a decoction of the leaves of Rhus natalensis is mixed with those of Vernonia amygdalina and drank. the leaves are also used for bathing
H(051) febrile convulsions, fever, paludism, a decoction made with leaves of Vernonia amygdalina the stem bark of Rhus natalensis, leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium, Eriosema psoraleoides, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omushasha
Rhus vulgaris Meikle
Official name : Rhus vulgaris Meikle
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Rhus incana Brenan
Symptoms : H(007), H(051)
Recipes : H(007) highly diuretic, H(051) paludism; leaves of Rhus vulgaris are boiled with water and sometimes combined with other plants
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omukanja
Rubia cordifolia L.
Official name : Rubia cordifolia L.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(101), H(161)
Recipes : H(101) excessive menstrual bleeding, H(161) warts; reduces aerial parts Rubia cordifolia are burnt and the ash lick ed or eaten.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : karamata
Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Official name : Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(100)
Recipes : H(013) skin conditions, H(100) gonorrhea, leaves of Securinega virosa are boiled and decoction administered orally or applied topically.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omubwera/omutoruka
Tragia furialis Bojer
Official name : Tragia furialis Bojer
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(109), H(139), H(169)
Recipes : H(109) backache, H(139) aphrodisiac, H(169) hernia, roots of Carissa spinarum are boiled with the bark of Elaedendron buchanannii or a powder made from pounding the roots of this species mixed with the bark of Elaedendron buchanannii is taken with tea. They can also be mixed with Tragia furialis roots
H(139) aphrodisiac, the roots/leaves are pounded together with Elaeodendron buchananii and Tragia furialis, boiled in water and a glass taken daily.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : mgonampili
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Official name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker , Trema guineensis (Schum. & Thonn. ) Ficalho
Symptoms : H(015z), H(051x)
Recipes : H(015z) haematinic, infusion of the leaves of Trema orientalis is drank
H(051x) yellow fever, leaves of Trema orientalisare pounded and boiled with the leaves of Combretum collinum and Erythrina abbyssinica, and decoction VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omuuwe
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(046) chicken pox , a decoction of the leaves of Rhus natalensis is mixed with those of Vernonia amygdalina and drank. the leaves are also used for bathing
H(051) febrile convulsions, fever, paludism, a decoction made with leaves of Vernonia amygdalina the stem bark of Rhus natalensis, leaves of Dalbergia nitidula, Desmodium salicifolium, Eriosema psoraleoides, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omubilizi
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms :
Recipes : Vb(016) mastitis in cows, the leaves of Vernonia amygdalina are pounded and put in drinking water.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name : omubilizi