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Reference : HM 52

Author(s) : Musa, M. S., F. E. Abdelrasool, E. A. Elsheikh, L. A. M. N. Ahmed, A. L. E. Mahmoud & S. M. Yagi
Title : Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Blue Nile State, South-eastern Sudan Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 5(17), pp. 4287-4297, 9 September, 2011 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2011/9Sept/Musa%20et%20al.pdf
Reference HM 52 has information about 52 plants :
Abutilon ramosum (Cav.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Abutilon ramosum (Cav.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, maceration of roots of Abutilon ramosum, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : fofo
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(013) furuncles, fruit powder of Acacia nilotica, local application (liniment / poultices)
H(037) phlematic cough, inhalation of smoke from fruits
H(051) paludism, maceration of fruit of Acacia nilotica, VO. (potion)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : sunut
Acacia nubica Benth.
Official name : Acacia nubica Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia oerforta (Forssk.) Schweinf.
Symptoms : H(018), H(020), H(103), H(113)
Recipes : H(018) headache, inhalation of smoke from roots of Acacia nubica
H(020) snake bite, decoction of roots, VO.
H(103) teeth ache, filling tooth cavity with roots paste
H(113) rheumatic pain, liniment / poultices of stems and steam bath from stems
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : laot
Acacia polyacantha Wild subsp campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Brenan
Official name : Acacia polyacantha Wild subsp campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Brenan
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(033), H(124)
Recipes : H(008) dysentry, stem bark infusion, VO.
H(033) sexual debility, stem bark infusion, VO.
H(124) haemorrhage, stem bark decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : kakamoat
Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.
Official name : Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Mimosa senegal L.
Symptoms : H(179)
Recipes : H(179) kidney problems, gum powder from Acacia senegal, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : hashab
Acacia seyal Del. var. seyal
Official name : Acacia seyal Del. var. seyal
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentry, decoction of stem bark of Acacia seyal var. seyal, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : talh
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(068)
Recipes : H(008) dysentry,H(037) cough, H(068) giardiasis (internal parasitism), decoction of stem bark of Anogeissus leiocarpa
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : sahab
Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Official name : Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, roots of Aristolochia bracteata in decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : umm galagl
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(051), H(126)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(051) fever, leaves infusion of Azadirachta indica, VO.
H(126) jaundice, leaves decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : neem
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(068), H(171)
Recipes : H(068) worms expulsion, H(171) diabetes, maceration of fruits of Balanites aegyptiaca, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : heglig
Bauhinia rufescens Lam.
Official name : Bauhinia rufescens Lam.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Piliostigma rufescens (Lam.) Benth.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentry, leaves powder of Bauhinia rufescens, VO. (in yogurt)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : kulku
Boscia senegalensis (Pers.) Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Boscia senegalensis (Pers.) Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) rheumatic pain, leaves paste of Boscia senegalensis, local application (liniment / poultices)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : mukheit
Boswellia papyrifera (Delile) Hochst.
Official name : Boswellia papyrifera (Delile) Hochst.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(068)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentry, stem bark decoction, VO.
H(068) bilharziosis, stem bark powder, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : tarag tarag
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) rashes, maceration of roots of Carissa edulis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : golo
Cassia arereh Delile
Official name : Cassia arereh Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(104), H(201)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, paludism, stem bark decoction of Cassia arereh, VO.
H(104) stomach ache, roots decoction, VO.
H(201) evil eye, smoke bath of stem bark
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : gaga
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, seeds in powder of Senna occidentalis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : soreib
Cassia singueana Delile
Official name : Cassia singueana Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna singueana (Delile) Lock , Cassia goratensis Fresen.
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, roots decoction of Cassia singueana, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : saba
Cassia tora L.
Official name : Cassia tora L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia obtusifolia L. , Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, decoction of leaves of Senna obtusifolia, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : kawal
Celosia trigyna L.
Official name : Celosia trigyna L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) giardiasis (internal parasitism), maceration of leaves of Celosia trigyna, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : mugum
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Official name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : H(013), H(201)
Recipes : H(013) acne, limiment / poultices) of stems, local application
H(201) evil eye, smoke bath of stem
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : salala
Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(179)
Recipes : H(179) kidney problems, maceration of the whole plant of Clematis hirsuta, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : fer
Clitoria ternatea L.
Official name : Clitoria ternatea L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, maceration of the whole plant of Clitoria ternatea, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : sum
Cynanchum acutum L.
Official name : Cynanchum acutum L.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) bilharziosis, maceration of roots of Cynanchum acutum, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : irg eldem
Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, infusion of roots of Dalbergia melanoxylon, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : abanus
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Official name : Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(033), H(103), H(104), H(126)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(126) jaundice, leaves decoction of Dichrostachys cinerea, VO.
. H(033) sexual debility, powder of roots and leaves, VO. (potions in milk)
H(103) teeth ache, roots paste filling tooth cavity)
H(104) stomach ache, decoction of roots and leaves, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : kadad
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Official name : Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(113), H(126)
Recipes : H(001) eye infection, seeds of Erythrina abyssinica, decoction, wash
H(113) rheumatic pain, powder of stem bark, local application (liniment / poultices)
H(126) jaundice, stem bark decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : hab el arous
Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq.
Official name : Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentry, stem bark decoction of Ficus ingens, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : gumez
Ficus sycomorus L.
Official name : Ficus sycomorus L.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus damarensis Engl. , Ficus cocculifolia Baker
Symptoms : H(014), H(104)
Recipes : H(014) rashes, powder of fruits of Ficus sycamorus, local application (liniment / poultices)
H(104) stomach ache, powder of stem bark, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : gumez
Grewia villosa Willd.
Official name : Grewia villosa Willd.
Family : Tiliaceae
Synonyms : Grewia echinulata Del.
Symptoms : H(078)
Recipes : H(078) cancer, roots maceration of Grewia villosa, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : altiko
Gyrocarpus jacquinii Gaertn.
Official name : Gyrocarpus jacquinii Gaertn.
Family : Orchidaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, stem bark decoction of Gyrocarpus jacquinii, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : um sabeba
Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Official name : Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa insignis Del.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, decoction of stem bark of Ozoroa insignis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : tugul
Hydnora johannis Beccari
Official name : Hydnora johannis Beccari
Family : Hydnoraceae
Synonyms : Hydnora abyssinica A.Br.
Symptoms : H(008), H(201)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentry, H(008) cholera, roots maceration of Hydnora johannis, VO.
H(201) evil eye, inhalation of powder of roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : tartous
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(068), H(126)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(051) fever, H(068) giardiasis (internal parasitism), H(126) jaundice, decoction of leaves of Jatropha curcas, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : hbat el muluk
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(051), H(171)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, stem bark decoction of Khaya senegalensis, VO.
H(171) diabetes, stem bark maceration, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : mahogany
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(078), H(151), H(171)
Recipes : H(078) breast tumor, paste of fruits of Kigelia africana, local application (liniment / poultices)
H(151) hypertension, H(171) diabetes, decoction of fruits, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : um shitour
Lannea fruticosa (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Lannea fruticosa (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(008)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, poultice of leaves of Lannea fruticosa
H(008) dysentry, stem bark decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : lieon
Maerua angolensis DC.
Official name : Maerua angolensis DC.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(078)
Recipes : H(078) breast tumor, paste of leaves of Maerua angolensis, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : shager elzaraf
Momordica balsamina L.
Official name : Momordica balsamina L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) worms expulsion, maceration of the whole plant of Momordica balsamina, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : abu elefain
Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst.
Official name : Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia reticulata DC.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, decoction of stem bark of Piliostigma reticulatum, VO.
H(020) snake bite, paste of stem bark, local application (liniment / poultices)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : abu khameira
Plumbago zeylanica L.
Official name : Plumbago zeylanica L.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) epilepsy, maceration of the whole plant of Plumbago zeylanica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : sum yanek
Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Official name : Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentry, powder of stem bark of Sclerocarya birrea ssp. caffra, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : humeid
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(201)
Recipes : H(014) rashes, powder of leaves or roots of Securidaca longepedunculata, local application (liniment / poultices)
H(201) evil eye, smoke bath of roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : alali
Sterculia setigera Del.
Official name : Sterculia setigera Del.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Sterculia tomentosa Guill. & Perr.
Symptoms : H(018), H(068), H(103), H(124), H(151)
Recipes : H(018) headache, stem bark powder, local application, rubb with sesame oil
H(068) bilharziosis, H(124) haemorrage, H(151) hypertension, stem bark decoction, VO.
H(103) teeth ache, powder gum of Sterculia setigera, filling tooth cavity
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : tartar
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Official name : Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) syphilis, sem bark powder of Stereospermum kunthianum, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : khash khash abiad
Strychnos innocua Delile
Official name : Strychnos innocua Delile
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) sexual debility, roots decoction of Strychnos innocua, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : um bikheisa
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(104)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, stem bark powder of Tamarindus indica sprinkle on wounds
H(051) paludism, H(051) fever, H(104) stomach ache, fruits infusion, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : aradeib
Tephrosia uniflora Pers.
Official name : Tephrosia uniflora Pers.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, roots maceration of Tephrosia uniflora, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : irg altais
Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Official name : Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(091)
Recipes : H(037) cough, stem bark maceration of Terminalia laxiflora, VO.
H(091) tonic, stem bark decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : darout
Vangueria madagascariensis J.F. Gmel.
Official name : Vangueria madagascariensis J.F. Gmel.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) diabetes, roots maceration of Vangueria madagascariensis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : sum alouyoun
Waltheria indica L.
Official name : Waltheria indica L.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Waltheria americana L.
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, roots powder of Waltheria indica to be sprinkle
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : irg elmahal
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(046), H(103)
Recipes : H(046) measles, leaves decoction of Ximenia americana, VO.
H(103) teeth ache, roots paste of Ximenia americana, filling tooth cavity
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : um medika
Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Official name : Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Synonyms : Ziziphus africana P. Mill. , Ziziphus sphaerocarpa Tul.
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(104), H(162)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(008) dysentry, H(051) paludism, H(104) stomach ache, H(162) urine retension, roots infusion of Ziziphus spina-christi, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : nabag