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Reference : HN 23

Author(s) : Njoroge, G. N. & R. W. Bussmann
Title : Traditional management of ear, nose and throat (ENT) diseases in Central Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Volume 2, pp. 1-9 ( 2006).
Reference HN 23 has information about 55 plants :
Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth.
Official name : Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Mimosa mellifera Vahl.
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) wooping cough (Gikoroa thakame) , bark of Acacia mellifera, chewing
H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), crushed bark, chewing
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûthigira (Kikuyu)
Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name : Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC. , Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), crushing flowers of Spilanthes mauritiana, chewing
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : gatharaita (Kikuyu)
Ajuga remota Benth.
Official name : Ajuga remota Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti),H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), boiling leaves of Ajuga remota, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : wanjirû wa rûrii (Kikuyu)
Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop
Official name : Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop
Family : Asparagaceae
Synonyms : Asparagus plumosus Baker
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), crushed and pounded leaves of Asparagus setaceus, chewing
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : karûrûra (Kikuyu)
Aspilia pluriseta Schweinf.
Official name : Aspilia pluriseta Schweinf.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(053)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), crushed bark of Aspilia pluriseta, chewing
H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), sap from squeezed stems, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : muuti (Kikuyu)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Melia azadirachta, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûarubaine, mwarumbaine (Kikuyu)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(124)
Recipes : H(124), nose bleeding, boiling leaves of Bidens pilosa, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûcege (Kikuyu)
Caesalpinia volkensii Harms
Official name : Caesalpinia volkensii Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), sap from crushed roots of Caesalpinia volkensii, rubbing the nasal region
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûbûthi (Kikuyu)
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(037), H(082), H(108)
Recipes : H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), boiled roots and leaves of Carissa edulis, VO.
H(037) chest pain (githûri), roots added in the soup, VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling roots, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûkawa (Kikuyu)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), boiling leaves of Senna didymobotrya, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mwenû (Kikuyu)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling fruit of Citrus aurantiifolia, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : ndimû (Kikuyu)
Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Official name : Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Clematis brachiata, steam bath
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûgaya ng'ûndu (Kikuyu)
Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach.
Official name : Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), boiling leaves of Clutia abyssinica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûthimambûri (Kikuyu)
Coffea arabica L.
Official name : Coffea arabica L.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), boiling roots of Coffea arabica , VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : kahûa / mûhûa (Kikuyu)
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Official name : Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Family : Araceae
Synonyms : Colocasia antiquorum Schott & Endl.
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), sap of the plant Colocasia antiquorum, application locale
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : kirûtû (Kikuyu)
Combretum collinum Fresen.
Official name : Combretum collinum Fresen.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum hypopilinum Diels
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), sap of leaves of Combretum collinum, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûranjîkî (Kikuyu)
Crinum macowanii Bak.
Official name : Crinum macowanii Bak.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(082), H(155)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), sap from heated leaves, local application
H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), boiling tuber of Crinum macowanii, local application
H(155) tonsil (ngaû), crushed bulb, massage
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : gûtûngûrû kla ngoma, gitoka (Kikuyu)
Croton megalocarpus Hutch.
Official name : Croton megalocarpus Hutch.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), pounding bark of Croton megalocarpus, chewing
H(155) tonsil (ngaû), pounding roots chewing
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûkindûri (Kikuyu)
Cuscuta kilimandschari Oliver
Official name : Cuscuta kilimandschari Oliver
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), sap from stems of Cuscuta kilimandschari, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : thîna (Kikuyu)
Dalbergia lactea Vatke
Official name : Dalbergia lactea Vatke
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), sap from crushed wet leaves of Dalbergia lactea, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mwaritha (Kikuyu)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), crushuing stems of Datura stramonium, massage
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : ndatura (Kikuyu)
Englerina woodfordioides (Schweinf.) Balle
Official name : Englerina woodfordioides (Schweinf.) Balle
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti) boiling the whole plant of Englerina woodfordioides, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : kieha (Kikuyu)
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Official name : Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), H(124), nose bleeding, boiling bark of Erythrina abyssinica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûhûtî (Kikuyu)
Eucalyptus saligna Sm.
Official name : Eucalyptus saligna Sm.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti) boiling leaves of Eucalyptus saligna, steambath
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûbaû (Kikuyu)
Juniperus procera Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Juniperus procera Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Cupressaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling bark of Juniperus procera, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûtarakwa (Kikuyu)
Kigelia aethiopica Decne. var. bornuensis Sprague
Official name : Kigelia aethiopica Decne. var. bornuensis Sprague
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boilinng rhizome of Kigelia africana, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûratina wa thûkûrli (Kikuyu)
Lantana camara L.
Official name : Lantana camara L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Synonyms : Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti) crushing of wet leaves of Lantana camara, inhalation
H(053) otitis (njika, bûra) crushed leaves, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : rûîthiki (Kikuyu)
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), boiling leaves of Mangifera indica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mwlembe (Kikuyu)
Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name : Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), sap from squeezed stems of Maytenus senegalensis, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûthuthi (Kikuyu)
Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name : Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), crushing leaves of Momordica foetida, chewing
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : karera (Kikuyu)
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), crushed or grounded leaves of Ocimum basilicum steeped in hot H2O or milk, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûtaa (Kikuyu)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra) crushed leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûkandu (Kikuyu)
Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Official name : Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Family : Santalaceae
Synonyms : Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steudel
Symptoms : H(109), H(118)
Recipes : H(109) neck, H(118) throat (ngingo), boiling leaves of Osyris lanceolata, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûthaithi (Kikuyu)
Physalis peruviana L.
Official name : Physalis peruviana L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), boiling leaves of Physalis peruviana, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûnathi (Kikuyu)
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), pounding inner bark of Piliostigma thonningii, chewing
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûkûra-ûtukû (Kikuyu)
Piper capense L. f.
Official name : Piper capense L. f.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Piper capense, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûrûngû (Kikuyu)
Plectranthus comosus Sims
Official name : Plectranthus comosus Sims
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), crushing leaves of Plectranthus comosus, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : maigoya (Kikuyu)
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Psidium guajava, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûbera (Kikuyu)
Rhamnus prinoides L' Hérit.
Official name : Rhamnus prinoides L' Hérit.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) chest pain (githûri), boiling roots of Rhamnus prinoides added in soup, VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves, VO.
H(155) tonsil (ngaû), boiling stems and roots, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûkarakinga (Kikuyu)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(108), H(155)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), grinding seeds and cooking the fatty part of Ricinus communis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûbarîki (Kikuyu)
Rubus apetalus Poir.
Official name : Rubus apetalus Poir.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), boiling fruit and leaves of Rubus apetalus, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûtare (Kikuyu)
Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Official name : Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), sap from squeezed heated stems of Sarcostemma viminale, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : ndarû (Kikuyu)
Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) O. Kuntze
Official name : Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) O. Kuntze
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiled leaves of Schkuhria pinnata, VO.
H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), boiled roots and leaves, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : gakuinini (Kikuyu)
Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Symptoms : H(155)
Recipes : H(155) tonsil (ngaû), boiling roots of Solanum aculeastrum, VO
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : gitûra (Kikuyu)
Solanum anguivi Lam.
Official name : Solanum anguivi Lam.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra) juice from squeezed fruit of Solanum anguivii, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : gatongu (Kikuyu)
Sonchus oleraceus L.
Official name : Sonchus oleraceus L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(155)
Recipes : H(037) chest pain (githûri), boiling roots of Sonchus oleraceus in soup, VO.
H(155) tonsil (ngaû), boiling roots, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mahiû (Kikuyu)
Tagetes minuta L.
Official name : Tagetes minuta L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), boiling leaves of Tagetes minuta, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûbangi (Kikuyu)
Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsley) A. Gray
Official name : Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsley) A. Gray
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough (ruhaya, gikorora), boiling leaves and roots, VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Tithonia diversifolia, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : marûrû (Kikuyu)
Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Official name : Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, boiling leaves of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti) boiling roots , VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling roots inhalation
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûrûrûwe (Kikuyu)
Urtica massaica Mildbr.
Official name : Urtica massaica Mildbr.
Family : Urticaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Urtica massaica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : thabai (Kikuyu)
Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Official name : Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia alboviolaceae De Wild.
Symptoms : H(053), H(108)
Recipes : H(053) otitis (njika, bûra), sap from squeezed flowers, local application
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Vernonia lasiopus, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûchatcha (Kikuyu)
Warburgia ugandensis Sprague
Official name : Warburgia ugandensis Sprague
Family : Canellaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiled bark and leaves of Warburgia ugandensis
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûthîga (Kikuyu)
Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Official name : Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Physalis somnifera L.
Symptoms : H(082), H(108)
Recipes : H(082) asthma (githûri kinene), boiling roots of Withania somnifera;VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti) , boiling leaves of Withania somnifera;VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûrumbae (Kikuyu)
Zanthoxylum usambarense (Engl.) Kokwaro
Official name : Zanthoxylum usambarense (Engl.) Kokwaro
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling leaves of Zanthoxylum usambarense, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mwikunya (Kikuyu)
Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Official name : Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Melothria punctata (Thunb.) Cogn.
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti) boiling leaves of Zehneria scabra, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : rwegethia (Kikuyu)