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Reference : HP 55

Author(s) : Paulos, B., T. Gedif Fenta , D. Bisrat & K. Asres
Title : Health seeking behavior and use of medicinal plants among the Hamer ethnic group, South Omo zone, south western Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 12:44 (2016)
Reference HP 55 has information about 55 plants :
Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
Official name : Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(068)
Recipes : V(068) goat intestinal parasite, fresh leaves of Acacia tortilis fed to goat (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : sewute
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Official name : Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Nerium obesum Forssk. , Adenium somalense var. crispum Chiov. , Adenium honghel A.DC.
Symptoms : H(104), H(201)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal colic, roots of Adenium obesum chopped, chewed and juice swallowed
H(201) evil eye, roots chopped, boiled in water, cooled and VO. (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gebez dhesha
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) intestinal parasite, inside part of the fresh bark cut of Albizia anthelmintica, boiled with water, filtered, mixed with sorghum powder and eaten (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : dhita
Aloe otallensis Baker
Official name : Aloe otallensis Baker
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(051)
Recipes : H(004) wound healing exudate of Aloe otallensis applied on wound
H(051) paludism, exudate of Aloe otallensis mixed with honey and milk, and drunk (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : welqante
Amaranthus hybridus L.
Official name : Amaranthus hybridus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Amaranthus caudatus L.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, seeds of Amaranthus hybridus powdered, cooked in water and drunk with honey (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : zen dhesha
Amaranthus spinosus L.
Official name : Amaranthus spinosus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, root of Amaranthus spinosus crushed, and pressed on tooth (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : ekumangenta
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, inside part of the bark of Balanites aegyptiaca peeled off, boiled with water, filtered and VO. (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : dhumuko
Barleria eranthemoides R. Br. ex C.B. Clarke
Official name : Barleria eranthemoides R. Br. ex C.B. Clarke
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) evil eye, leaves of Barleria eranthemoides pounded, boiled with water, filtered and, VO. (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : chaki dhesha
Boswellia neglecta S. Moore
Official name : Boswellia neglecta S. Moore
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) evil eye, exudate of Boswellia neglecta dried, burned and the smoke inhaled (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : alela
Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Official name : Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(151)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(151) hypertension, root of Cadaba farinosa chopped, boiled with meat soup and drunk (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : dhela
Cadaba mirabilis Gilg.
Official name : Cadaba mirabilis Gilg.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : V(001)
Recipes : Vb(001) eyes disease, crushed leaves of Cadaba mirabilis and juice instilled into the affected eye (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : menzo
Canthium pseudosetiflorum Bridson
Official name : Canthium pseudosetiflorum Bridson
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, ground, macerated leaves of Canthium pseudosetiflorum with water, filtered and VO. (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : medhel
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, cushed roots of Carissa spinarum , infusion prepared in water, filtered, and drunk, VO. (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : akemba
Cassia italica (Mill.) Spreng.
Official name : Cassia italica (Mill.) Spreng.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna italica Mill.
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) allergy on skin, fresh leaves of Senna italica crushed, stood in cold water and filtrate, VO. (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : armacha
Chasmanthera dependens Hochst.
Official name : Chasmanthera dependens Hochst.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, fresh leaves of Chasmanthera dependens chopped, smashed, and pressed on tooth (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : choq
Cissampelos pareira L.T
Official name : Cissampelos pareira L.T
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound healing, fresh leaves of Cissampelos pariera squeezed on wound (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : dhare/fire
Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Official name : Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal colic, fresh leaves of Combretum aculeatum chewed, and juice swallowed (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : zegurma
Commelina benghalensis L.
Official name : Commelina benghalensis L.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin problem, exudate of Commelina benghalensis, applied on the affected area (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : wefenkur
Cucurbita pepo L.
Official name : Cucurbita pepo L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) intestinal parasite, seeds of Cucurbita pepo, dried, roasted, chewed and swallowed (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : bote
Cyperus alternifolius L.
Official name : Cyperus alternifolius L.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal colic, roots of Cyperus alternifolius, chopped, chewed, and juice swallowed (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : busente
Cyperus distans L.f.
Official name : Cyperus distans L.f.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, roots of Cyperus distans or mixed with inner bark, chopped, macerated in water, mixed with milk and VO. (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gebezdhesh
Datura metel L.
Official name : Datura metel L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Datura alba Nees , Datura fastuosa L.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, fresh leaves of Datura metel squashed and juice applied on the affected area (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : guni dhesha
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) tinea, fresh leaves of Datura stramonium chopped, squashed, and juice applied on scalp (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : meta dhesha
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Official name : Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, inner part of the bark of Dichrostachys cinerea peeled off, chopped, boiled with water smoke is inhaled (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : fulante
Euphorbia sp.
Official name : Euphorbia sp.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, fresh bark of Euphorbia sp. chopped, macerated in water, filtered, mixed with honey and drunk (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : kera
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound healing, fresh juice of leaves and stems of Euphorbia tirucalli applied on wound (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : tusi
Grewia villosa Willd.
Official name : Grewia villosa Willd.
Family : Tiliaceae
Synonyms : Grewia echinulata Del.
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) intestinal parasite, fruit of Grewia villosa chewed and swallowed (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gergesho
Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Official name : Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa insignis Del.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, inner part of the bark of Ozoroa insignis peeled off, chopped, macerated in water, filtered and VO.(Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : salbana
Hypoestes forskaolii (Vahl) R. Br.
Official name : Hypoestes forskaolii (Vahl) R. Br.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) evil eye, fresh roots of Hypoestes forskaolii ground, macerated in water, filtered and VO. (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : busente
Indigofera sp.
Official name : Indigofera sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) evil eye roots of Indigofera sp. chewed and juice swallowed (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : chaqidhesha
Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
Official name : Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Lagenaria vulgaris Ser. , Cucurbita lagenaria L.
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, fruit of Lagenaria siceraria dissected and patient’s face covered with the inside part of the dissected fruit (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gusi
Launaea intybacea (Jacq.) Beauverd
Official name : Launaea intybacea (Jacq.) Beauverd
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) abscess, roots of Launaea intybacea ground, macerated in water, and the filtrate applied on the affected area (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : mordhe
Lepidium sativum L.
Official name : Lepidium sativum L.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) allergic reaction on skin, H(076) ulcer in mouth and throat, ground seeds of Lepidium sativum, mixed with butter, applied on the skin, mouth and throat (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : feto
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Official name : Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Family : Mimosaceae
Symptoms : H(027z), H(068), H(075), H(151)
Recipes : H(027z) irregular menstruation, H(068) intestinal parasite, H(075) loss of appetite, H(151) hypertension, stems of Leucaena leucocephala chopped, macerated, filtered, mixed with honey and milk, and drunk (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : lalombe aka
Maerua triphylla (Thunb.) T.Durand & Schinz
Official name : Maerua triphylla (Thunb.) T.Durand & Schinz
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(027z), H(075)
Recipes : H(027z) irregular menstruation, H(075) loss of appetite, crushed roots of Maerua triphylla, stood in water, filtered, and VO. (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : ??
Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Official name : Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, chopped leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, boiled in water and vapor inhaled (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : aradhesha
Moringa stenopetala (Baker f.) Cufod.
Official name : Moringa stenopetala (Baker f.) Cufod.
Family : Moringaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(151)
Recipes : H(051) fresh leaves or roots or both boiled, allowed to cool, filtered, mixed with honey and VO.
H(151) hypertension, H(104) abdominal colic, fresh leaves of Moringa stenopetala boiled, allowed to cool, and the filtrate drunk (Recipe reported by household members and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : kelanqi
Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth.
Official name : Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases leaves of Ocimum lamiifolium rashed and rubbed on affected area (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : bishidhesha
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.
Official name : Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.
Family : Cactaceae
Symptoms : H(198)
Recipes : H(198) hair loss leaves of Opuntia ficus-indica sliced and rubbed against the affected part of the scalp (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : beles
Ormocarpum trichocarpum (Taub.) Harms
Official name : Ormocarpum trichocarpum (Taub.) Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) abscess, chopped leaves of Ormocarpum trichocarpum, macerated in water and applied on swollen skin (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : moshke
Plectranthus sp.
Official name : Plectranthus sp.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal colic, oeaves or roots of Plectaranthus sp.chopped, boiled with water and decoction, VO. (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gudemburkanane
Rhamnus prinoides L' Hérit.
Official name : Rhamnus prinoides L' Hérit.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin diseases, fruits of Rhamnus prinoides macerated in water and the swollen fruit ubbed against the affected skin (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : kelewa
Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Official name : Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(076), H(104)
Recipes : H(076) malodor of mouth, stem of Rhus natalensis gtently chewed for about an hour
H(104) various disease of stomach, fruits of Rhus natalensis, macerated in water, filtered, mixed with honey, and VO. (receipts reported by household respondents)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : kufuri
Salvadora persica L.
Official name : Salvadora persica L.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(076)
Recipes : H(076) gum bleeding, root or stem of Salvadora persica chewed, and juice kept in the mouth (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : kerja
Sansevieria ehrenbergii Schweinf. ex Baker
Official name : Sansevieria ehrenbergii Schweinf. ex Baker
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound healing, fresh leaves of Sansevieria ehrenbergii pounded, and juice applied on wound (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : alko/algi
Sansevieria forskaoliana (Schult. f.) Hepper & J.R.I. Wood
Official name : Sansevieria forskaoliana (Schult. f.) Hepper & J.R.I. Wood
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(005)
Recipes : H(005) blister after burning, fresh leaves of Sansevieria forskaoliana smashed, juice applied on the site of burning (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : atmin dhesha
Sida rhombifolia L.
Official name : Sida rhombifolia L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(214)
Recipes : H(214) bone strength, fresh aerial part of Sida rhombifolia ground, macerated in water, and filtrate VO. (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : chursha
Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum duplosinuatum Klotzsch
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal colic, roots of Solanum dasyphyllum chopped, chewed, and swallowed (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gerante
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : H(004), H(103)
Recipes : H(004) wound healing, ripen fruit of Solanum incanum squeezed on wounds
H(103) toothache, roots chewed and juice swallowed (receipts reported by household respondents and healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gerante
Terminalia brownii Fresen.
Official name : Terminalia brownii Fresen.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : V(126)
Recipes : V(126) jaundice, inner bark of Treminalia brownii peeled, chopped, macerated in water, filtered and drunk (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : ara
Terminalia brownii Fresen.
Official name : Terminalia brownii Fresen.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, inner bark of Treminalia brownii peeled, chopped, macerated in water, filtered and drunk (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : ara
Vepris glomerata (F.Hoffm.) Engl.
Official name : Vepris glomerata (F.Hoffm.) Engl.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(104)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(104) abdominal colic, fresh leaves of Vepris glomerata or mixed with bark cut into pieces, stood in water, filtered and VO. (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : kena
Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Official name : Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Physalis somnifera L.
Symptoms : H(108), H(155)
Recipes : H(108) common cold, H(155) tonsillitis, fresh roots of Withania somnifera chewed and juice swallowed (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : butambero
Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl.
Official name : Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal discomfor, dried fruits of Zanthoxylum chalybeum roasted, chewed and swallowed (Recipe reported by household members)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : gedeqa
Zehneria pallidinervia (Harms) C. Jeffrey
Official name : Zehneria pallidinervia (Harms) C. Jeffrey
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : V(001)
Recipes : Vb(001) cattle eye disease, fresh leaves of Zehneria pallidinervia crushed, and juice instilled into the affected eye (Recipe reported by traditional healers)
Region : East Africa
Country : South Western Ethiopia ( South Omo zone)
Vernacular name : dhenqesho