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92 references related to the following plant

Official name: Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Family: Celastraceae
Synonyms: Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.

Reference HA 03
Author: Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, A. Akoegninou, J. d'Almeida, F. Apovo, K. Boukef, M. Chadare, G. Gusset, K. Dramane, J. Eyme, J. - N. Gassita, N. Gbaguidi, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, P. Houngnon, Issa Lo, A. Keita, H. V. Kiniffo, D. K
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Bénin. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 895 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(006), H(020), H(104), H(158)
Recipes: H(006) + H(104), H(104), leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, seeds of Cola nitida, to pound (H2O), to filter, VO.
H(020), stems with leaves of Maytenus senegalensis of Uvaria chamae, leaves of Cassia sieberiana, RNS.
H(020), stems with leaves of Strophanthus sarmentosus of Gardenia ternifolia of Spondias mombin of Securidaca longipedunculata of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(158), roots of Sterculia sestemra of Maytenus senegalensis, decoction (H2O), to dilute, VO. + sauce
Region: West Africa
Country: Benin
Vernacular name: gbéramounyon (Bariba), yowuyowublé (Waama)

Reference HA 07
Author: Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, K. Akpagana, P. Chibon, A. El - Hadji, J. Eyme, M. Garba, , J. - N. Gassita, M. Gbeassor, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, K. - K. Hodouto, P. Houngnon, A. Keita, Y. Keoula, W. P. Kluga - Ocloo, I. Lo, K. M. Siamevi, K. K.
Title: Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Togo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 671 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(126)
Recipes: H(126), aerian part of Maytenus senegalensis of Trema orientalis of Hibiscus asper deTerminalia glaucescens, decoction (H2O), VO. + bath
H(126), barks of the underground part of Aloe buettneri of Maytenus senegalensis of Trema guineensis of Aloe buettneri of Hibiscus asper of Terminalia glaucescens, to dry, powder, to dilute (H2O), VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 20
Author: Adjanohoun et al.
Title: Contribution to ethnobotanical and floristic studies in Uganda. O.U.A./C.S.T.R., Lagos (1993) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(139)
Recipes: H(139) sexual incapacity, roots of Maytenus senegalensis, to cook, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HA 22
Author: Arnold, H.-J. & M. Gulumian
Title: Pharmacopoeia of traditional medicine in Venda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 12, pp. 35 -74, (1984) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874184900862
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) cough, roots Maytenus senegalensis + Ximenia caffra, decoction (H2O), VO, 1 glass / 5day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshiphandwa (Luvenda)

Reference HB 01
Author: Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title: Guérisseurs et plantes médicinales de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgique.Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 18, 214 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms: H(008), H(018), H(091), H(201), H(027), H(034), H(075), H(137), H(201)
Recipes: H(008), leaves of Maytenus seneitchnsis, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(008), leaves, barks stem, branche, trunk of Maytenus seneitchnsis of Syzygium guineense, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(008), H(018), H(091) kwash., H(201) again bad spirits, leaves of Maytenus., decoction (H2O), VO.
H(008), H(018), H(091) kwash., H(201) again bad spirits, leaves of Maytenus., powder, VO.
H(027) to prevent abortion, leaves of Cissus sp. of Maesa lanceolata … var. mildbraedii of Pentas longiflora of Tithonia diversifolia, roots of Dombeya bagshawei of Maytenus seneitchnsis decoction (H2O), VO.
H(027) to prevent abortion, leaves of Cissus sp. of Maesa lanceolata … var. mildbraedii of Pentas longiflora of Tithonia diversifolia, roots of Dombeya bagshawei of Maytenus seneitchnsis decoction (H2O), VO.
H(034) tachycardia, barks stem, branche, trunk of Maytenus., decoction (H2O), VO.
H(034) tachycardia, leaves of Maytenus., powder, VO.
H(075) aperitive, leaves of Maytenus., decoction (H2O), to carbonize, VO.
H(137) analgic, leaves of Maytenus., decoction (H2O), inhalation
H(137) analgic, leaves of Maytenus., to carbonize, scarifications
H(201) psychosis, leaves, barks stem, branche, trunk of Maytenus seneitchnsis of Xymalos monospora, stems with leaves of Phyllanthus nummulariifolius, leaves of Securinega virosa of Solanum aculeastrum … var. albifolium , powder, to snuff
H(201) psychosis, leaves, barks stem, branche, trunk of Maytenus seneitchnsis of Xymalos monospora, stems with leaves of Phyllanthus nummulariifolius, leaves of Securinega virosa of Solanum aculeastrum … var. albifolium, juice, drops in ears and nose
H(201) psychosis again bad spirits, barks stem, branche, trunk of Maytenus., powder, VO.
H(201) psychosis again bad spirits, barks stem, branche, trunk of Maytenus., decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name: umweza, umusongati (Kirundi)

Reference HB 04
Author: Bouquet, A. & M. Debray
Title: Plantes médicinales de la Côte d'Ivoire. Travaux et Documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, n° 32, 232 p., (1974)
Symptoms: H(004), H(008), H(013), H(100)
Recipes: H(004), H(008),H(013) , H(100), ONS. of Maytenus senegalensis , RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference HB 21
Author: Boulesteix, M. & S. Guinko
Title: Plantes médicinales utilisées par les Gbayas dans la région de Bouar (Empire Centrafricain). Quatrième colloque du Conseil africain de Malgache pour l'enseignement supérieur (C.A.M.E.S.), Libreville, Gabon, 23 - 52, (1979)
Symptoms: H(026)
Recipes: H(026), roots of Maytenus senegalensis, Gardenia ternifolia , Cissus rufescens (bonbon'nou), decoction (H2O), VO., 3 / 4 l. / J. during 15 D.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic (ex Central african empire)
Vernacular name: (Gbaya dialecte Bossangoa)

Reference HB 25M
Author: Bossard, E.
Title: La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms: H(004), H(100)
Recipes: H(004) infected wounds or H(100) syphilitic wounds, roots powderof Maytenus senegalensis mixed with oil, local application
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola (regions of Cuanza Sul, Seles, Caconda)
Vernacular name: (oka) minga (Umbundu)

Reference HB 26M
Author: Bonnefoux, Benedicto Marius (R.P.)
Title: Plantes médicinales du Hufla. Manuscrits n° 1 et n°2 (Congrégation do Espirito Santo), 1885-1937. Registrated by Bossard, E. in ref. HB 25M
Symptoms: H(001), H(014), H(068), H(113)
Recipes: H(001) speck, ONS., RNS
H(014) eczema (o) mbimbi, leaves and roots , RNS.
H(068) child helminthiasis, leaves, RNS; enema
H(113) rheumatism of the knee, rub the knee with the leaves and sand
Region: West Africa
Country: Angola (region of Hufla)
Vernacular name: (omu) mbanguluve (Nyaneka)

Reference HB 27
Author: Ben Saï, S.
Title: Médecine indigène et plantes médicinales au Soudan. Notes Africaines, 21, 6 - 8, (1944)
Symptoms: H(004), H(103)
Recipes: H(004), H(103), dried leaves, powder, local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Sudan
Vernacular name: n' gueke (Bambara), tore (Malinke, Kasombe), sasambane (Sominke)

Reference HB 41
Author: Bandeira, S. O. , F. Gaspar; F. P. Pagula
Title: Ethnobotany and Healthcare in Mozambique. Pharmaceutical Biology, Volume 39, Issue 1 Supplement 1, 70 – 73, (2001)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera, ONS of Maytenus senegalensis , RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Mozambique
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference HB 43
Author: Blench, R.
Title: Dagomba plant names (Preliminary circulation draft) Published on WWW. (2006) http://www.rogerblench.info/Ethnoscience%20data/Dagbani%20plant%20names.pdf
Symptoms: H(000)
Recipes: H(000), roots of Maytenus senegalensis are used as a medicine
Region: West Africa
Country: Ghana (Northern region)
Vernacular name: zègólì (Dagomba)

Reference HB 48
Author: Bussmann Rainer, W., P.Swartzinsky, W. Aserat & P.Evangelista
Title: Plant use in Odo-Bulu and Demaro, Bale Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 7:28 (2011)
Symptoms: V(095)
Recipes: Vc(095) plant of Maytenus senegalensis eaten by goats and mountain nyala (antelope found in a small part of central Ethiopia)
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Odo-Bulu and Demaro, Bale Mountains Region)
Vernacular name: kombolch

Reference HB 49
Author: Bognounou, M.O., M.C.O. Ouedraogo & Mlle O.G. Ouedraogo
Title: Contribution à l'inventaire des plantes médicinales africaines en pays Mossi (Région de Ouagadougou) http://www.greenstone.refer.bf/collect/revueph1/index/assoc/HASH018d.dir/01-001.pdf
Symptoms: H(103)
Recipes: H(103) tooth eruption. leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, decoction VO. and enemas
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (Mossi region)
Vernacular name: tokvugri (Mossi)

Reference HC 13b
Author: Chabra, S.C., R.L.A. Mahunnah & E.N. Mshiu
Title: Plants used in traditional medicine in Eastern Tanzania.II. Angiosperms (Capparidaceae to Ebenaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 25, 3, 339 - 359, (1989)
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) pneumonia, roots, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (East)
Vernacular name: mwambangoma (Zigua)

Reference HC 16
Author: Chinemana, F., R.B. Drummond, S. Mavi & I. De Zoysa
Title: Indigenous plant remedies in Zimbabwe. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 14, pp.159 - 172, (1985)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008), diarrhoea, roots, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HD 18
Author: Diallo, D., B.S. Paulsen, B. Hvemm
Title: Production of traditional medicine: preparations accepted as medicines in Mali. In: Hostettmann, K., Cjhinyanganya, F., Maillard, M., Wolfender, J.-L. (Eds.), Chemistry, Biological and Pharmacological Properties of African Medicinal Plants. University of Zimbabwe Publications, Harare, pp. 235–241. (1996 ) Résultats extraits de "Evaluation of medicinal plants from Mali for their in vitro and in vivo trypanocidal activity: N. Bizimana, U.Tietjen, K-H Zessin, D. Diallo, C. Djibril, M. F. Melzig, P-H Clausen; Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume103, pp.350–356 (2006)
Symptoms: H(054)
Recipes: H(054) trypanosomiasis, twigs, leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, decoction, infusion, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: ngeke (Bambara)

Reference HD 21
Author: de Wet, H. , M.N. Nkwanyana, S.F. van Vuuren
Title: Medicinal plants used for the treatment of diarrhoea in northern Maputaland, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa Journal of Ethnopharmacology, volume 130, pp. 284–289, (2010) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110003041
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008, 6) diarrhoea, leaves of Gymnosporia senegalensis are either chewed or crushed and mixed with cold water. The infusion (60 ml) is drunk three times a day, until the diarrhoea subsides.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (northen Maputaland, KwaZulu-Natal Province)
Vernacular name: ubuhlangwe

Reference HF 1k
Author: Ferry, M.P. , M. Gessain & R. Gessain
Title: Ethnobotanique Tenda. Documents du Centre de recherches anthropologiques du Musée de l'Homme.Laboratoire associé au Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 180 p., (1 mai 1974)
Symptoms: H(201)
Recipes: H(201), roots Maytenus senegalensis + barks Bridelia micrantha, Terminalia macroptera, boiled H2O, magic uses
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (region between the towns of Kedougou et Yukunkun)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HG 01
Author: Gelfand, M., S. Mavi, R.B. Drummond & B. Ndemera
Title: The traditional medicinal practitioner in Zimbabwe. Mambo Press, Gweru (Zimbabwe), 411 p., (1985) (From reference HC 26, HL 22)
Symptoms: H(001), H(004), H(006), H(008), H(018), H(022), H(026), H(033), H(037), H(046), H(051), H(068), H(053), H(099), H(100), H(104), H(103), H(109), H(118), H(158), H(181)
Recipes: H(001) blindness at night, roots of Maytenus senegalensis, infusion (H2O), to wash
H(006),H(037) bronchitis, H(026), H(109), H(046) measles, roots of Maytenus senegalensis, infusion (H2O), VO.
H(008), roots of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), VO.
H(018), roots of Maytenus., local application, scarifications
H(022) (pour faciliter), leaves of Maytenus, infusion (H2O), VO ;
H(026), roots ofr Diospyros lycioides of Maytenus senegalensis infusion (H2O), VO. + porridge
H(033) femal, roots of Maytenus, infusion (H2O), VO.
H(037) pneumonia, roots of Maytenus, infusion (H2O), VO.
H(037) pneumonia, leaves, roots of Maytenus.powder, VO.
H(037) pneumonia, roots of Maytenus., powder, local application.
H(037) pneumonia, leaves of Maytenus.powder, friction
H(037) tuberculosis, cough, leaves of Maytenus., to chew
H(037) cough, leaves of Maytenus.powder, to dilute, VO.
H(051), roots of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), bath
H(053) otalgia, leaves of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), drops in ears
H(068) bilharziosis, roots of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), VO.
H(099) uterus sedative, roots of Maytenus., powder, VO.
H(099) epilepsy, roots of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), VO.
H(099) epilepsy, leaves of Maytenus., friction
H(100), leaves, roots of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), VO.
H(103), H(004), blessure bouche and dents, young leaves of Maytenus, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(104), roots of Maytenus., VO.
H(118) pharyngite, leaves of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), VO.
H(158), leaves of Maytenus., infusion (H2O), VO.
H(181) omphalite, roots of Maytenus., decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HG 09
Author: Gessler, M.C., D.E. Msuya, M.H.H. Nkunya, L.B. Mwasumbi, A. Schär, M. Heinrich & M. Tanner
Title: Traditional healers in Tanzania: the treatment of malaria with plant remedies Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 48, pp. 131 - 144, (1995)
Symptoms: H(051), H(068)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, barks stems and roots, decoction (H2O), VO., to diminish the fever
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania
Vernacular name: mnyabuliko

Reference HG 17
Author: Geissler, W., S. A. Harris, R. J. Prince, A. Olsen, R. A. Odhiambo, H. Oketch-Rabah, P. A. Madiega, A. Andersen, P. Molgaard
Title: Medicinal plants used by Luo mothers and children in Bondo district, Kenya. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102001915 Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 83, pp. 39 - 54 (2002)
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104), decoction of roots of Maytenus senegalensis, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya Bondo district)
Vernacular name: undaro (Luo)

Reference HG 1k
Author: Gachathi, F.N.
Title: Kikuyu botanical dictionary of plant names and uses. Publication supported by GTZ , (1989)The print shop, P.O. Box 24576, Nairobi.
Symptoms: H(113)
Recipes: H(113), roots, soup, chest, joints complaints
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HH 09b
Author: Hamill, F.A., S. Apio, N. K. Mubiru, R. Bukenya-Ziraba, M. Mosango, O. W. Maganyi and D. D. Soejarto
Title: Traditional herbal drugs of Southern Uganda, II: literature analysis and antimicrobial assays, Volume 84, pp. 57 - 78 (2003)
Symptoms: H(000)
Recipes: H(000), ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (southern), tribe Baganda, district of Kampala
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HH 10
Author: Hussain, H.S.N. & Y.Y. Karatela
Title: Traditional medicinal plants used by Hausa tribe of Kano State of Nigeria. Int. J; Crude Drug Res., 27, 4, 211-216, (1989)
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100) gono., bark, decoction (H2O)
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Kano)
Vernacular name: namijon (Hausa)

Reference HH 11
Author: Haxaire Claudie (Pharmacienne)
Title: Phytothérapie et Médecine Familiale chez les Gbaya-Kara (République Centrafricaine) Thèse de doctorat, Université de Paris, Fac. Pharmacie., 320 p., (1979)
Symptoms: H(008x), H(051), H(053), H(068), H(099), H(137)
Recipes: H(008x), decoction (H2O) fruits Maytenus senegalensis + leaves extract of Spathodea campanulata , Abrus precatorius, Abrus canescens (these last two sorts are considered as toxins and are used by the magicians)
H(051) paludism, VO., leaves decoction (H2O) of a partial mixing of Aframomum latifolium, Andropogon gayanus, Annona senegalensis, Anthocleistra sp., Desmodium adsendens, Gardenia ternifolia, Harungana madagascariensis, Imperata cylindrica, Achomanes difformis, Maytenus senegalensis, Pseudarthria hookeri, Merremia sp., Mostrea brunonis, Olax subcarpioidea
H(053) otalgia, instillation of juice of roots of a partial mixing of Maytenus senegalensis, Ritcheria aprevaliana, juice of crushed leaves of Anogeissus leiocarpus, Lagenaria vulgaris
H(068), tape worm, ascaris, VO. decoction (H2O) of leaves of a partial mixing of Lophira lanceolata, Maytenus senegalensis, Antidesma venosum, young sprout Smilax kraussiana
H(099), nervous crisis in general, spinkling of crushed leaves in H2O of a partial mixing of Triumfetta cordifolia decoction (H2O) of leaves of Acanthospermum hispidum , Ficus exasperata, Lantana camara , Stereospermum kunthianum , Vitex madiensis , Maytenus senegalensis
H(137), diffuse pains, VO. roots of a partial mixing of Maytenus senegalensis , Vernonia guineensis, Luffa aegyptiaca
Region: Central Africa
Country: Central African Republic
Vernacular name: Indicated by the author in phonetic note. not transposable

Reference HH 16
Author: Haerdi, F.
Title: Afrikanische Heilpflanzen. Die Eingeborenen-Heilpflanzen des Ulanga- Distriktes Tanganjikas (Ostafrika). Acta tropica, Suppl. 8, 1-278 (1964) Published : 1964, Verlag für Recht und Gesellschaft (Basel)
Symptoms: H(008), H(013), H(033)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, leaves juice of Maytenus senescabiesnsis, VO.
H(013) , abscess, roots extract, VO.
H(033) female infertility, leaves juice of Maytenus senescabiesnsis + extract from roots of Cyperus papyrus, VO.
H(068) bilharziosis, pounded leaves + sucre, extraire le jus, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania
Vernacular name: myotaduma (Kihehe, Kimbunga)

Reference HH 1k
Author: Harjula, R.
Title: Mirau and his practice.A study of the ethnomedicinal repertoire of a tanzanian herbalist. Institut for cultural research, University of Turku, Finland, 224 p., (1980)TRI-MED BOOKS LTD: LONDON Registered Office: 5 Tudor Cottage, Lovers Walk, Finchley, London, N3 1JH
Symptoms: H(018)
Recipes: H(018), Pounding Headache (nsungurua), Pounding ache in the head, blood vessels are seen on the temples, dizziness. 'lt is like seeing sornebody throwing embers in the air or like seeing stars in the eyes.' A large amou nt of fresh leaves or roots are boiled and the vapour is inhaled, or they are burned and the smoke inhaled; a blanket may be used here as a 'tent' with the patient inside.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania
Vernacular name: ngaimurunyai

Reference HH 2k
Author: Hedberg, I. & F. Staugärd
Title: Traditional medicine in Botswana. Traditional medicinal plants.The Nordic school of public health, 324 p., (1989) Ipelegeng Publischers.
Symptoms: H(046)
Recipes: H(046), Small twigs and leaves are powdered and boiled with water. One tab)e spoon of the fluid is taken twice a day. The liquid is also rubbed on the chjld's body with corn husks. .
Region: South Africa
Country: Botswana
Vernacular name: motono

Reference HJ 04
Author: Johns, T., G.M. Faubert, J.O. Kokwaro, R.L.A. Mahunnah & E.K. Kimanani
Title: Anti-giardial activity of gastrointestinal remedies of the Luo of East Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 46, pp. 17- 23, (1995)
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104, 4), gastrointestinal deaseases, stomach pain, diarrhoea, constipation (3% of134 informators for HJ 04), roots
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (districts of Tarime, Musona , region of Mara ), Kenya (district of Homa Bay, Migori)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 01
Author: Kerharo, J. & J. G. Adam
Title: La pharmacopée sénégalaise traditionnelle. Plantes médicinales et toxiques. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 1011 p., (1974)
Symptoms: H(001), H(008), H(051), H(051x), H(068, 2)">2), H(075), H(076), H(088), H(091), H(094), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(116), H(125), H(126, 2)">2), H(173), H(192)">2)
Recipes: H(001), H(076), H(103), leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(008) + H(104), H(068) bilharziosis, ONS. of Maytenus., RNS.
H(008) child, roots of Maytenus senegalensis, VO.
H(008), H(051), H(068) intestinal worm, H(075), ONS. of Maytenus., RNS., VO.
H(031), H(051), H(091), H(126), barks stem, branch, trunk of Maytenus, RNS., VO.
H(051x), H(100) syph., H(126), barks stem, branch, trunk of Balanites aegyptiaca, ONS. of Maytenus senegalensis of Bauhinia rufescens of Cocculus pendulus of Entada africana of Sclerocarya birrea, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(088), H(125), barks stem, branch, trunk of Maytenus., RNS., VO.
H(094), H(192), ONS. Acacia albida of Securidaca longipedunculata of Cochlospermum tinctorium, of Maytenus senegalensis of Leptadenia hastata, RNS.
H(116), ONS. of Maytenus., RNS., VO.
H(173), stem without leaves of Balanites aegyptiaca, roots of Swartzia madagascariensis, roots of Trichilia roka of Capparis tomentosa of Maytenus senegalensis of Acacia albida of Strophanthus sarmentosus, maceration, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 02
Author: Keita, S.M., J.T. Arnason, B.R. Baum, R.Marles, F. Camara, & A.K. Traore
Title: Etude ethnopharmacologique traditionnelle de quelques plantes médicinales anthelmintiques de la République de Guinée. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 9, n° 2, 119 - 134, (1995)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068), leaves, powder, to be eaten
Region: West Africa
Country: Republic of Guinea
Vernacular name: gbee (Manika)

Reference HK 12
Author: Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title: Plantes médicinales et toxiques des Peuls et des Toucouleurs du Sénégal. Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 11, 384 - 444 , 543 - 599, (1964)
Symptoms: H(008), H(031), H(051), H(051x), H(075), H(076), H(091), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(126), H(173)
Recipes: H(051) child fever, H(075) child anorexia, H(091) emaciation , barks of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(031) intercostal pain, H(051) paludism, H(126) icterus, barks of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(051x), H(126) icterus "diangara cayor", leaves and roots of Cassia italica + ONS. of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(100) syphilis, whole plant of Leptadenia hastata + ONS. of Acacia albida + Maytenus senegalensis + Securidaca longipedunculata + Terminalia avicennioides, RNS.
H(008) dysentery, H(076) stomatitis, H(103) odontalgia, leaves of Maytenus., RNS.
H(104) gastric ulcer, H(173), ONS., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal
Vernacular name: giagu (Tocolor), gialgoti, gielgotel (Peul, Tocolor)

Reference HK 13
Author: Kokwaro, J.O.
Title: Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms: H(001), H(008), H(020), H(051), H(113)
Recipes: H(001), maceration H2O, instil. eye
H(008), roots, infusion, RNS
H(020), roots, RNS
H(051), roots, infusion, RNS
H(113), roots, RNS
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda, Tanzania
Vernacular name: luwenje, mchomafasi (Sukuma, Tanzania), munyandetap chemetyo (Sebei, Ouganda), mrambangoma (Nguru), mweza (Haya, Tanzania)

Reference HK 22
Author: Kerharo, J. & A. Bouquet
Title: Plantes médicinales et toxiques de la Côte-d'Ivoire - Haute-Volta.Mission d'étude de la pharmacopée indigène en A.O.F. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 300 p., (1950)
Symptoms: H(004), H(005), H(008), H(013), H(076), H(091), H(100), H(103)
Recipes: H(004),H(013) ulcer,H(013) furuncle, barks, powder Gymnosporia senegalensis + on occasions Terminalia macroptera + on occasions bran of millet, local application after having to wash with a decoction (H2O) of Gymnosporia senegalensis
H(005), leaves, barks stems, decoction (H2O), bath, vapor bath, VO.
H(008) dys., leaves or barks trunc or roots, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(076), H(103)abces teeth, leaves, decoction (H2O), gargle, mouth bath
H(091) childs, leaves Gymnosporia senegalensis, Crossopteryx febrifuga, decoction (H2O), enema
H(100) blen., roots, decoction (H2O), VO., or powder roots in meal
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso
Vernacular name: nanienga (Senoufo), mone (Tagouana), koussié (Bambara), gouègué, guéké (Malinké), (Dioula), naplafantîen (Karaboro), niembélé, wésam (Gouin), cessio, cisiou (Gourounsi), toko bougouri, tokouvougouri ( Mossi), koktripa (Dagari)-

Reference HK 25
Author: Keita, S. M. & al.
Title: Etude ethnopharmacologique traditionnelle de quelques plantes médicinales anthelminthiques de la Haute-Guinée (République de Guinée) Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 13, 49 - 65, (1999)
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068), leaves, powder, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Republic of Guinea
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 31
Author: Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou, C. Terreaux, K. Hostettmann, D. Traoré & M. Dosso
Title: Traditional medicine in North Côte-d’Ivoire: screening of 50 medicinal plants for antibacterial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 93, pp. 43-49 ( 2004) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104001084
Symptoms: H(008), H(051)
Recipes: H(008), H(051) paludism diarrhoea, paludism, leaves, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Ferkessedougou region)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HK 36a
Author: Kareru, P. G., G. M. Kenji, A. N. Gachanja, J. M. Keriko, G. Mungai
Title: Traditional medicine among the Embu and Mbeere peoples of Kenya. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Volume 4 (1): 75 - 86 (2007) http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/ajtcam/article/view/160/172
Symptoms: H(013), H(104)
Recipes: H(013) anthrax, leaves boiled of Maytenus senegalensis, decoction VO.
H(104) stomach pains, roots of Maytenus senegalensis, to boil, decoction, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Eastern Province, Embu and Mbeere tribes)
Vernacular name: muthunthi (Mbeere)

Reference HK 39a
Author: Kisangau, D. P., H. VM Lyaruu, K.M. Hosea, C.C. Joseph
Title: Use of traditional medicines in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Tanzania: a case in the Buhkoba rural district. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Volume 3 : 29 (2007)
Symptoms: H(013), H(014, 2), H(037), H(076)
Recipes: H(013) skin rashes,H(014) herpes simplex,H(014) herpes zoster,H(037) tuberculosis, H(076) oral candidiasis, barks, roots, RNS. (opportunistic infection from HIV/AIDS)
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Buhkoba rural district)
Vernacular name: omunyambuliko (Haya)

Reference HK 42
Author: Koné, M. W., K.K. Atindehou, H. Terre, D. Tyraore
Title: Quelques plantes médicinales utilisées en pédiatrie traditionnelle dans la région de Ferkessedougou (Côte - d' Ivoire). BIOTERRE, Rev. Inter. Sci. De la Vie et de la Terre, N° spécial, 2002 httpwww.csrs.chfichiersBioterreKone-Mamidou-tab2.pdf
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) pneumonia,H(037) cough, leaves of Asparagus africanus, decoction in association with Maytenus senegalensis for drink and bath, twice a day
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Northern)
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference HK 42
Author: Koné, M. W., K.K. Atindehou, H. Terre, D. Tyraore
Title: Quelques plantes médicinales utilisées en pédiatrie traditionnelle dans la région de Ferkessedougou (Côte - d' Ivoire). BIOTERRE, Rev. Inter. Sci. De la Vie et de la Terre, N° spécial, 2002 httpwww.csrs.chfichiersBioterreKone-Mamidou-tab2.pdf
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) child diarrhoea, leaves decoction of Maytenus senegalensis of rhizome of Imperata cylindrica , VO. 1/2 glass at the growing of the teeths ; to begin the treatment after 2 days of diarrhoea
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (region fe Ferkessedougou)
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference HK 51
Author: Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title: Les plantes médicinales, toxiques et magiques des Niominka et des Socé des Iles du Saloum (Sénégal) Acta tropica, Suppl. 8, 279 - 334 (1964)
Symptoms: H(100), H(103, f)
Recipes: H(100) blennorrage, seeds decoction of Maytenus senegalensis , RNS.
H(103, f), leaves for gingivitis , odontalgia, pyorrhea, tooth aches etc., RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name: indafar, n'daf'ar, dafar (Niominka) ; kassabaro (s

Reference HK 54
Author: Kamatenesi, M. M., H. Oryem-Origa, A. Acipa
Title: Medicinal plants of Otwal and Ngai Sub Counties in Oyam District, Nothern Uganda Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2011), 7:7 doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-7-7
Symptoms: H(099), H(112)
Recipes: H(099) epilepsy, crushed roots of Maytenus senegalensis mixed in cold H2O, extract drunk 50ml three times a day
H(112) miscarriage crushed roots mixed in cold H2O, extract drunk 300 ml two times a day
Region: East Africa
Country: Northern Uganda (Oyam District)
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference HL 15
Author: Lulekal, E., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, H. Yineger
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu District, southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , Volume 4 : 10 (2008) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/4/1/10 + Additional file
Symptoms: H(001)
Recipes: H(001) evil eye (buda), fresh leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, crush and smoke
Region: East Africa
Country: Southeastern Ethiopia (Mana Angetu District)
Vernacular name: kombolcha (Afaan Oromo)

Reference HM 27
Author: Mac Donald, I., & D. I. Olorunfemi
Title: Research, projects : Plants used for medicinal purposes by Koma people of Adamawa State, Nigeria.Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor, november 2000. Article on Internet: http://www.nuffic.nl/ciran/ikdm/8-3/res-macdonald.html
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068) vermifuge, barks of roots of Maytenus senegalensis , RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria (Adamawa state, Koma people)
Vernacular name: yoi (Koma)

Reference HM 30
Author: Mathabe, M.C., R.V. Nikolova, N. Lall, N.Z. Nyazema
Title: Antibacterial activities of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diarrhoea in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 105, pp. 286 - 293 (2006)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008), roots of Gymnosporia senegalensis, decoction, VO.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Limpopo Province)
Vernacular name: sephato

Reference HM 33
Author: Malgras, D. (R.P.)
Title: Arbres et arbustes guérisseurs des savanes maliennes. Editions Karthala, 22 - 24, boulevard Arago, 75013 Paris, 480 p. (1992)
Symptoms: H(004), H(013), H(020), H(027z), H(068), H(091), H(095), H(103)
Recipes: H(004) wounds, H(103) tooth ashes, infusion of roots of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(013) tooth abscess, H(076) mouth diseases, boiled leaves of Maytenus., local application
H(020) snakes bites, roots decoction of Maytenus., RNS.
H(027z) cure pregnant femal, powder of roots of Maytenus in porridge
H(068) small intestinal worms, stems and barks of stems of Maytenus senegalensis of Khaya senegalensis, RNS.
H(091) stimulating dentition childs, decoction of stems with leaves of Maytenus., bath, VO.
H(095) food, fruits
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: ngege, nyenyele, gwegweni (Bambara), ngege, n'geke tole (Malinke), kafu kwoni (Minyanka) (Senoufo), flakumo fogojoda (Bwa)

Reference HM 40
Author: Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otieno, Pamela K. Mbabazi, Anke Weisheit
Title: The Ethnomedicine of the Haya people of Bugabo ward, Kagera Region, north western Tanzania Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:24 (2009) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-24 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/5/1/24
Symptoms: H(051), H(091), H(104), H(179)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, H(091) poor nutrition, H(104) peptic ulcers, H(179) kidney problems, decoction made with the leaves of Pseudospondias microparpa of Ludwigia abyssinica, Sapium ellipticum and Maytenus senegalensis is used to treat GIT problems such as mucoid diarrhoea, peptic ulcers and chest infections
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference HM 41
Author: Mesfin, F., S. Demisse1, T. Teklehaymanot
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:28 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-28 (2009)
Symptoms: H(018), H(099)
Recipes: H(018) headache, pwder fresh / dry seed of Maytenus senegalensis with Ocimum lamiifolium seed is take with coffee as drink
H(099) epilepsy, pwder fresh / dry seed with H2O or butter is taken with coffee or tea as drink for five days.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of Wonago Woreda)
Vernacular name: shekko (Gedeoffa)

Reference HM 42
Author: Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otieno, Pamela K. Mbabazi, Anke Weisheit
Title: Ethnomedicine of the Kagera Region, north western Tanzania. Part 2: The medicinal plants of Katoro Ward, Bukoba District Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2010, 6:19 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-6-19 + Additional file
Symptoms: H(013), H(113)
Recipes: H(013) skin rashes, weeping rashes, H(014) fungal infection, athlete foot rot, H(113) burning sensation of the feet, :H(113) joint pains, powder of the roots or stem bark of Parinari curatellifolia is mixed with root powders of Rauvolfia vomitoria, Maytenus senegalensis, and Ozoroa insignis subsp. reticulata in a fat base. Preparation containing Rauvolfia vomitoria should not be applied to open wounds due to its toxicity
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Kagera Region, Katoro Ward)
Vernacular name: mnyabuliko

Reference HM 46
Author: Muthee, J.K., D.W. Gakuya, J.M. Mbaria, P.G. Kareru, C.M. Mulei, F.K. Njonge
Title: Ethnobotanical study of anthelmintic and other medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok district of Kenya Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 15–21, (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111000766
Symptoms: H(027z)
Recipes: H(027z, 1) gynecological conditions, roots of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: kenya (Loitoktok district)
Vernacular name: olaimurunyai

Reference HM 58
Author: Mabogo, D.E.N.
Title: The ethnobotany of the Vhavenda. MSc Thesis, University of Pretoria. (1990) appendix from the Thesis
Symptoms: H(008), H(095), H(099), H(201)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, H(099) nerve pains, H(095) prophylactic or remedial food for baby, roots of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
H(201) magical protection of homestead
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshiphandwa (Venda)

Reference HM 5k
Author: Masinde, P.S.
Title: Medicinal plants of the Marachi people of Kenya, 747 -753, (1996) The Biodiversity of African Plants.Proceedings14 th AETFATCongress.Wageningen, The Netherlands, 22 - 27 augustus 1994. Edited by J.G. van der Maesen, X.M. van der Burgt & J.M. van Medenbach de Rooy.Kluwer Academic Publishers, 861 p., (1996)
Symptoms: H(104)
Recipes: H(104), roots decoction (H2O), RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya
Vernacular name: induli (Marachi)

Reference HN 19
Author: Njoroge, G. N. & R. W. Bussmann
Title: Diversity and utilization of ethnophytotherapeutic remedies among the Kikuyus (Central Kenya), Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2006) doc 10.1186/1746-4269-2-8
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051, 3) paludism ONS., RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (district of Maragwa)
Vernacular name: muthuthi

Reference HN 23
Author: Njoroge, G. N. & R. W. Bussmann
Title: Traditional management of ear, nose and throat (ENT) diseases in Central Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Volume 2, pp. 1-9 ( 2006).
Symptoms: H(155)
Recipes: H(155) tonsil (ngaû), sap from squeezed stems of Maytenus senegalensis, local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name: mûthuthi (Kikuyu)

Reference HN 26
Author: Nanyingi, M. O., J. M Mbaria, A. L. Lanyasunya, C. G. Wagate, K. B Koros, H. F Kaburia, R. W Munenge & W. O Ogara
Title: Ethnopharmacological survey of Samburu District, Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 4:14 (2008)
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) paludism, hot decoction of leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya (Samburu district)
Vernacular name: laimurunyai (Samburu)

Reference HO 08
Author: Okello J., P.Ssegawa
Title: Medicinal plants used by communities of Ngai Subcounty, Apac District, northern Uganda. African Journal of Ecology, Volume 45 (Suppl.1), pp. 76 - 83 (2007)
Symptoms: H(008), H(018), H(020), H(137)
Recipes: H(008, 4) diarrhoea, H(018, 4) sick headache, H(137, 4) body pains, pounded roots of Securidaca longipedunculata of Maytenus senegalensis, extract on scarifications
H(020, 7) fine leaves of Maytenus senegalensis are plastered at the site of the bite
H(137, 7) body pains, pounded roots of Maytenus senegalensis are smeared on scarifications
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Ngai Subcounty, Apac District)
Vernacular name: iterka

Reference HP 05
Author: Polygenis - Bigendako, M.-J.
Title: Recherches ethnopharmacognosiques sur les plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle au Burundi occidental. Thèse présentée en vue de l'obtention du grade de Docteur en sciences, année acad. 1989 - 1990, Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Botanique Systématique et de Phytosociologie, 352 p., (1990)
Symptoms: H(008), H(104), H(137), H(201)
Recipes: H(008) diar., leaves, stems bark, pressed in H2O, VO.
H(104, 2), leaves, stems bark, pressed in H2O, VO.
H(137), leaves, pulp, cataplasm
H(201)spirits, leaves, stems bark, decoction (H2O) , VO.
Region: Central Africa
Country: Burundi (Occidental)
Vernacular name: umusongati (Kirundi)

Reference HP 11
Author: Potel, Anne-Marie
Title: Les plantes médicinales au Sénégal. Study report of Anne-Marie Potel, accomplished at Nguekokh (Senegal), 2002. Registered in the chapter "Grey Littérature "of the PRELUDE data bank http://pagesperso-orange.fr/senegal.bourbonnais/Anne%20marie.htm
Symptoms: H(004), H(020), H(027z), H(068), H(091), H(103), H(125)
Recipes: H(004) wounds, H(020) snake, H(103) tooth aches, H(027z) soulage les femmes enceintes, H(125) sudorific, roots of Maytenus senegalensis en decoction, en powder or en infusion, RNS.
H(068) small intestinal worms, branch with leaves, RNS.
H(091) powder of leaves with porridge for lean child
H(103) teeth abcess or mouth aches, leaves, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Senegal (Nguekokh region)
Vernacular name: ngege

Reference HP 1k
Author: Palayer, P.
Title: Lexique de plantes du pays Sar.Plantes spontanées et cultivées.Tome 2, 78 p., (1977) Collège Charles Lwanga.C.E.L. Sarh-Tchad.Publié avec le concours financier de l'UNESCO.
Symptoms: H(068)
Recipes: H(068) baby, roots decoction (H2O), RNS., intestinal worms
Region: West Africa
Country: Chad (Sar country)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HR 17
Author: Ruffo, C. K.
Title: A Survey of medicinal plants in Tabora region, Tanzania in :Traditional Medicinal Plants. Dar Es Salaam University Press - Ministry of Health - Tanzania, 391 p. (1991)
Symptoms: H(020), H(033), H(104)
Recipes: H(020) snake bites, H(033) infertility, H(104) stomachache, roots of Maytenus-galensis, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Tanzania (Tabora region)
Vernacular name: mwezya (Nyamwezi)

Reference HS 00
Author: Saadou, M.
Title: Les plantes médicinales du Niger: premier supplément à l'enquête ethnobotanique de 1979. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 7, n°1, 11 - 24, (1993)
Symptoms: H(131)
Recipes: H(131), ONS. of Maytenus senegalens, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Niger
Vernacular name: marihanga (Zarma)

Reference HS 06
Author: Staner, P. & R. Boutique
Title: Matériaux pour l'étude des plantes médicinales indigènes du Congo Belge. Mém. Institut royal colonial belge, Section des Sc. naturelles et médicales,Collection in-8°, fasc. 6 et dernier, 228 p., (1937)
Symptoms: H(045), H(104)
Recipes: H(045), roots, infusion, RNS. (Lomami)
H(104) belly, roots, infusion,RNS. (Katanga)
Region: Central Africa
Country: Democratic republic of Congo (ex. Zaïre) (Katanga, Lomami)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference HS 08
Author: Sita, G.
Title: Traitement traditionnel de quelques maladies en pays Bissa (République de Haute-Volta). Bulletin agricole du Rwanda, 11ème année, 1, 24 - 34, (1978)
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008), yopung leaves, juice + fresh milk, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso
Vernacular name: doukoure, lamparga (Bissa)

Reference HS 18
Author: Ssegawa, P., J. M. Kasenene
Title: Medicinal plant diversity and uses in Sango bay area, Southern Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 113, pp. 521 - 540, (2007)
Symptoms: H(100)
Recipes: H(100, 3) syphilis, barks and leaves decoction of Maytenus senegalensis, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Sango bay area)
Vernacular name: omunabuliko

Reference HS 27
Author: Sangare, D.
Title: Etude de la prise en charge du paludisme par les thérapeutes traditionnels dans les aires de santé de Kendie (Bandiagara) et de Finkolo AC (Sikasso) Thesis presented and defended in public, December 20, 2003, at the Faculty of Medicine of Pharmacy and Odontostomatology at the University of Bamako (Republic of Mali), 115p. http://www.keneya.net/fmpos/theses/2004/pharma/pdf/04P27.pdf
Symptoms: H(051)
Recipes: H(051) simple paludism, maceration of the bark of trunk of Afzelia africana, Maytenus senegalensis and Burkea africana, bath + VO. , morning and evening for 1 day (collect only the bark of the East and West)..(2 healers in the village of Finkolo)
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali Republic (region of Kendie and Finkolo)
Vernacular name: lainy, nyéké (Bambara)

Reference HS 34
Author: Semenya, S.S. , A.Maroyi
Title: Medicinal plants used by the Bapedi traditional healers to treat diarrhoea in the Limpopo Province, South Africa Journal of Ethnopharmacology 144, 395–401 (2012) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112006356
Symptoms: H(008)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, a handful of leaves of Gymnosporia senegalensis cooked in water for 5–20 min.The infusion (250ml) is administered thrice a day until diarrhoea subsides
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Limpopo province)
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference HS 36
Author: Stayt, H.
Title: The Bavenda. Frank Cass & Co. Ltd, London (1968)
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037) pneumonia, roots of Maytenus senegalensis of Hibiscus vitifolius, ONS of Ziziphus mucronata, RNS.
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name: tshiphandwa (Venda)

Reference HS 37
Author: Semenya, S.S, M. J. Potgieter
Title: Bapedi traditional healers in the Limpopo Province, South Africa: their socio-cultural profile and traditional healing practice Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2014, 10:4 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-10-4 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/10/1/4 + Additional file 1: 1550002148105490_add1.docx, 74K http://www.ethnobiomed.com/imedia/1279488442116872/supp1.docx
Symptoms: H(008), H(139), H(191x)
Recipes: H(008, 3) diarrhoea, H(139, 5) erectile dysfunction, H(191x, 2) blood clotting, root /leaf of Gymnosporia senegalensis. Decoction for 5 - 20 minutes and one tin cup of extract is taken orally. Thrice a day
Region: South Africa
Country: South Africa (Limpopo Province)
Vernacular name: mophato

Reference HS 40
Author: Sanogo, R.
Title: Medicinal plants used for treatment of dysmenorrhea in Mali Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 8(S):90-96 (2011) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3252716/
Symptoms: H(026)
Recipes: H(026) dysmenorrheae, leaves, stem bark and roots of Gymnosporia senegalensis, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: guégué, gnikélé (Bamanan)

Reference HT 1k
Author: Tadesse, D.
Title: Traditional use of some medicinal plants in Ethiopia.Vol. 1, 273-293, (1994) Proceedings of the 13 th plenary meeting of AETFAT, Zomba, Malawi, (2-11 april 1991)Vol 1 and Vol 2, 1514 p. (1994) Edited by J.H. Seyani & A.C. Chicuni.National herbarium and Botanic Gardens of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi.
Symptoms: H(094)
Recipes: H(094), flowers, powder, local application
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia
Vernacular name: atat (Amaharic, tigregna)

Reference HT 23
Author: Tapsoba, H. & J.P. Deschamps
Title: Use of medicinal plants for the treatment of oral diseases in Burkina Faso. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 104, pp.68 - 78 ( 2006)
Symptoms: H(103)
Recipes: H(103) tooth ashes, barks and leaves dried separatly, powdered, local application, 2 X / Day
H(103) gingivitis, inhalation from roots, mouth wash again pain
H(103) sores, decoction of barks, gargle
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (Kadiogo province)
Vernacular name: tokvougri (Moore)

Reference HT 28
Author: Tabuti, J.R.S., K.A. Lye, S.S. Dhillion
Title: Traditional herbal drugs of Bulamogi, Uganda: plants, use and administration. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 88, pp. 19-44 (2003) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103001612
Symptoms: H(013), H(018), H(022), H(033), H(038), H(068), H(078), H(100), H(157)
Recipes: H(013) muscular abscess (pyomyositis), roots powder of Maytenus in beer of Musa paradisiaca, VO.
H(018) migraine, headaches, roots decoction of Maytenus, VO. + to chew the roots
H(022) parturition (made easier), roots decoction of Maytenus, VO.
H(033) sterility, H(068) vermifuge, roots decoction of Maytenus., VO.
H(038) chronic endometritis, roots powder in H2O, VO.
H(078) uterine fibroids, decoction or roots infusion of Maytenus senegalensis, VO.
H(100) syphilis, roots infusion of Maytenus, VO.. + sitzbath
H(157) convulsion, infusion of leaves of Maytenus., VO. + bath
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda, Bulamogi country
Vernacular name: muwaiswa

Reference HT 32
Author: Traore, M.
Title: Le Recours à la Pharmacopée Traditionnelle Africaine dans le Nouveau Millénaire :<< Cas des Femmes Herboristes de Bamako >> http://www.codesria.org/Archives/ga10/Abstracts%20GA%201-5/AIDS_Traore.htm In "Grey littérature"
Symptoms: H(091), H(100)
Recipes: H(091) child anemia, H(100) gonorrhoea, ONS of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: tôrè (Malinke)

Reference HT 35
Author: Tabuti, J.R.S., C. B. Kukunda, P. J. Waako
Title: Medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners in the treatment of tuberculosis and related ailments in Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology , Volume127, pp. 130–136 (2010) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19799983
Symptoms: H(037)
Recipes: H(037, 3) roots, roots barks of Maytenus senegalensis, RNS.
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (districts of Kamuli, Nakapiripirit and Kisoro)
Vernacular name: muwaiswa

Reference HT 37
Author: Tchacondo, T., S. D. Karou, K. Batawila, A. Agban, K. Ouro-Bang’na, K. T. Anani, M.Gbeassor, C. de Souza
Title: Herbal remedies and their adverse effects in Tem tribe traditional medicine in Togo. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 8(1):pp.45-60 (2011) http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?tc11008
Symptoms: H(033), H(139)
Recipes: H(033) female infertility, H(139) female sexual disorders, decoction of roots of Securinega virosa of Maytenus senegalensis of Vitellaria paradoxa, VO., (could cause adverse effects as; polyuria, diarrhoea, insomnia)
Region: West Africa
Country: Togo
Vernacular name: tchichigan (Tem)

Reference HT 43
Author: Teklay, A., B. Abera, M. Giday
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 9:65 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/65
Symptoms: H(008), H(020), H(155), H(201)
Recipes: H(008) diarrhoea, crush leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, mix it with milk and drink
H(020) scorpion bite, crush leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, filter and drink the fluid
H(155) tonsilitis, chew the leaves and spit juice into the mouse of the sick child
H(201) evil spirit, crush roots of Clerodendrum myricoides of roots of Withania somnifera, Carissa spinarum, Jasminum gratissimum and Maytenus senegalensis, put it on fire for fumigation
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia, Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region
Vernacular name: kabkib (Tigrigna)

Reference HV 05
Author: Van Der Steur, L.
Title: Plantes médicinales utilisées par les Peul du Sénégal Oriental. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 8, n° 2, 189 - 200, (1994)
Symptoms: H(008), H(018), H(030), H(033), H(103), H(104)
Recipes: H(008) + H(104), infuson leaves, VO.
H(008) + H(104), roots Maytenus + ^powder roots Ziziphus mucronata+ H2O
H(008) + H(104), roots Strychnos spinosa , Maytenus senegalensis, decoction (H2O), VO., sleeplessness in case en case of enteralgia
H(018), hot leaves, application on head
H(030), Maytenus + Ziziphus mucronata, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(033), Maytenus + Ziziphus mucronata, powder, VO.H(103), leaves, fruit, decoction (H2O), gargle
H(103), hot leaves in mouth, ardent gums
Region: West Africa
Country: Oriental Senegal
Vernacular name: ggiergotel, giagut, gialgoti, gielgotel (Peul), koronkole, tore,ntogoyo (Bambara), tafar, tafara, ntafara (Sérère), dori, enidek, ginidek, gedek, ngideck (Wolof), bu fimbok (Diola)

Reference HW 03
Author: Wilson, R. T. & M. Woldo Gebre
Title: Medicine and magic in Central Tigre: a contribution to the ethnobotany of the Ethiopian plateau. Economic Botany, 33, 1, 29 - 34, (1979)
Symptoms: H(078)
Recipes: H(078), cancer, crushed bark mixed with H2O, VO.
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Central Tigre region)
Vernacular name: kebkeb

Reference HW 07
Author: Wondimu Tigist, Asfaw Arsi, Kelbessa Ensermu
Title: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants around 'Dheeraa' town, Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 112, pp. 152-161, (2007)
Symptoms: H(018), H(051), H(166), H(200), H(206)
Recipes: H(018) + H(051) + H(166) muscle spasm +H(014) herpes + H(206) (all those symptoms = mich), stems of Maytenus senegalensis are smoked
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (Arsi zone)
Vernacular name: kombolchaa

Reference HZ 03
Author: Zerbo, P., J. Millogo-Rasolodimby, O. G. Nacoulma-Ouédraogo, P. Van Damme
Title: Plantes médicinales et pratiques médicales au Burkina Faso : cas des Sanan Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, N° 307 ( 1 ), (2011)
Symptoms: H(087), H(104)
Recipes: H(087) infections, infestations, H(104) digestive disorders, barks roots, leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, decoction, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Burkina Faso (San countries, northwestern Burkina Faso)
Vernacular name: lankoeza (Sanan)

Reference VA 03
Author: Ake-Assi, Y.A.
Title: Contribution au recensement des espèces végétales utilisées traditionnellement sur le plan zootechnique et vétérinaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Thèse de doctorat (Sc. Vétérinaires), Lyon, Université Claude Bernard, 220 p., (1992)
Symptoms: V(008), V(008), V(008)
Recipes: Vb(008), Vo(008), Vc(008), maceration H2O pounded leaves, boisson, diarrhoea, dysentery
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa (dry land)
Vernacular name: gbéramounyon (Bariba) ; yowuyowublé (Waama)

Reference VB 10a
Author: Bizimana, N., U. Tietjen, K-H Zessin, D. Diallo, C. Djibril, M. F. Melzig, P.H. Clausen
Title: Evaluation of medicinal plants from Mali for their in vitro and in vivo trypanocidal activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 103, pp. 350 - 356, (2006)
Symptoms: V(054)
Recipes: Vb(054) trypanosomiasis, twigs, leaves of Maytenus senegalensis in decoction or infusion, VO.
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali (southern part)
Vernacular name: ngeke (Bambara)

Reference VC 01 bis
Author: Carrière, M.
Title: Flore de Guinée: appellation vernaculaires et usages traditionnels de quelques plantes Document qui reprend l'essentiel des informations publiées en 1994 par le Ministère de la Coopération Française et le CIRAD-EMVT, dans un ouvrage, aujourd'hui épuisé,
Symptoms: H(095), H(103)
Recipes: H(103) toothache, infections and abscesses buccaux, leaves of Maytenus senegalensis in decoction RNS. ( HB 99 Burkill 1985 from reference VC 01 bis)
H(095) flowers: melliferous. ( HB 99 Burkill 1985 from reference VC 01 bis)
Region: West Africa
Country: Guinea Conakry
Vernacular name: gbéké, toré, tolé, n'gouéké, guégué, gogué, kada (Malinké), yhiel gotel, dialgoti (Poular).

Reference VK 17
Author: Koumare, F.
Title: Quelques données sur les conceptions et la pratique de la médecine et pharmacopée vétérinaires indigènes. Ouvrage inédit, 81 p. , (1933) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms: V(046), V(054), V(108)
Recipes: Veq(046), leaves infusion, drops in one nostril and in the opposite ears
Veq(054), leaves infusion, 1/4 l., VO, the rest in lotion
Veq(108), pounded leaves, inhalation of vapors (rear throat troubles = kandimis)
Region: West Africa
Country: Mali
Vernacular name: gueke

Reference VK 28
Author: Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou
Title: Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinaty medicine in Northern Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa). South African Journal of Botany, Volume 74, pp. 76 - 84, (2008) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003651
Symptoms: V(008), V(020x), V(068)
Recipes: Vb(008) diarrhoea in calf, Vb(068) intestinal worms in calf, decoction of leaves of Maytenus senegalensis, VO., 1/3 l., 2 X / daily
V(020x) dog bites, juice of ground leaves and applied on left eye and right nostril and applied topically on the wound
Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast (Northern)
Vernacular name: not communicated by the authors

Reference VL 01
Author: Larrat, M.
Title: Médecine et pharmacie indigènes: Trypanosomiases et piroplasmoses, (1939) From reference:e VB 10
Symptoms: V(054)
Recipes: V(054), leaves, stems, decoction, wash the animal, massage with the residues , VO., with the decoction rest (1 to 2 l.)
Region: West Africa
Country: West Africa (Samo et Fulani)
Vernacular name: not registered

Reference VM 41
Author: Mesfin, F., S. Demisse, T. Teklehaymanot
Title: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:28 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-28 (2009)
Symptoms: V(051)
Recipes: Vb(051) febrile disease, root powder of Maytenus senegalensis mixed with leaf of Ocimum lamiifolium is administered orally
Region: East Africa
Country: Ethiopia (region of Wonago Woreda)
Vernacular name: shekko (Gedeoffa)

Reference VN 01
Author: Niang, A.
Title: Contribution à l'étude de la pharmacopée traditionnelle mauritanienne. Thèse pour le doctorat en médecine vétérinaire. École nationale de Médecine vétérinaire, Sidi Thabet, Tunisie, 156 p., (1987) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms: V(004), V(045)
Recipes: V(004), V(045), fresh leaves, local application, plaster
Region: West Africa
Country: Mauritania
Vernacular name: gialgooti(fulfulde-maghama)

Reference VO 11
Author: Onana, J
Title: Les ligneux fourragers du Nord-Cameroun. 1. Inventaire et phénologie. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire des Pays tropicaux, Volume. 48 (2), pp. 213 - 219 (1995)
Symptoms: V(095)
Recipes: Vc(095) leaves of Maytenus senegalensis fairly researched, Vb(095) leaves very few researched by animals
Region: Central Africa
Country: Cameroon (North region)
Vernacular name: not communicated by the author

Reference VT 24
Author: Tabuti John R. S., Shivcharn S. Dhillion & Kaare A. Lye
Title: Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 88, pp. 279-286 (2003) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103002654
Symptoms: V(035)
Recipes: Vb(035) east coast fever, roots infusion, 125 ml 2 X / day for calf
Region: East Africa
Country: Uganda (Bulamogi county)
Vernacular name: muwaiswa

Reference VW 08
Author: Wanzala, W., W. Takken, W. R. Mukabana, A. O. Pala & A. Hassanali
Title: Ethnoknowledge of Bukusu community on livestock tick prevention and control in Bungoma district, western Kenya Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 298– 324 (2012) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000347
Symptoms: V(039)
Recipes: Vb(039) against livestock ticks, fruit, leaf, stem, bark, root of Maytenus senegalensis, applied on the animal’s body surface
Region: East Africa
Country: Western Kenya (Bungoma district)
Vernacular name: kumwayakhafu