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Official name : Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.

34 reference(s) related to this plant

Reference HA 22
Author(s) : Arnold, H.-J. & M. Gulumian
Title : Pharmacopoeia of traditional medicine in Venda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 12, pp. 35 -74, (1984) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874184900862
Symptoms : H(034), H(091), H(109)
Recipes : H(034), bark, decoction, VO., 2X / day
H(091) baby, dry leaves, maeration, VO., 1 spoon 3X / day
H(109), bark, decoction, VO., 2X / day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : gwambazi (Luvenda)
Reference HB 35
Author(s) : Bussmann R. W., G. G. Gilbreath, J. Solio, M. Lutura, R. Lutuluo, K. Kunguru, N. Wood and S. Mathenge
Title : Plant use of the Masasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya. Additional file Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:22 (2006)
Symptoms : H(037), H(051), H(108)
Recipes : H(037), H(051), H(108), against common cold, paludism and all other diseases: boil whole plant Toddalia asiatica or make cold-water infusion
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : oleparmunyo (Maa)
Reference HB 3k
Author(s) : Bost, R.
Title : Pharmacopée malgache. Mémoire de l'Institut scientifique de Madagascar, série B, Tome 10, Fasc. 2, 159 - 234, (1961)
Symptoms : H(093), H(100)
Recipes : H(093), whole plant, decoction, VO., 2 cups
H(100) syph., leaves, roots, decoction, infusion
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : voasarikely, anakatsimba
Reference HD 28
Author(s) : Debray, M.
Title : Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles à Madagascar Etudes Médicales, n° 4, pp. 69 - 85, mars 1975 http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/doc34-08/21760.pdf
Symptoms : H(004), H(007), H(015x), H(022), H(099), H(100), H(126), H(151)
Recipes : Toddalia asiatica reported as H(007) diuretic, H(099) sedative, reported for H(126) liver diseases, H (151) hypertension, H (004) wounds, H (100) syphilis, H (015x) albuminuria
H(022), Toddalia asiatica associated with Mystroxylon aethiopicum would be oxytocic
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : anakatsimba.
Reference HD 38
Author(s) : Daruty, C. (Dr)
Title : Plantes Médicinales de l'Ile Maurice et des Pays Intertropicaux (p. 215) General Steam Printing Company, 6, rue du Gouvernement - Maurice (1886) https://archive.org/details/b24400270
Symptoms : H(007), H(008y), H(013), H(037), H(045), H(051), H(075), H(091), H(144)
Recipes : H(013) breast abscess: one handful of leaves of Dodonaea viscosa (bois of reinette) of Toddalia aculeata (patte poule) of Rosmarinus officinalis (romarin), pound and extract the juice, make an ointment with cerat, local application
H(051) paludisme, infusion in an open container during 1 h, barks of roots of Toddalia aculeata (patte poule piquante) filter, VO 30 to 60 gr 2 à 3 x / day
H(144) engorging breast, juice of one handful of leaves Dodonaea viscosa (reinette), one handful of leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis (romarin), a handful of Toddalia aculeata (patte poule à piquants), with 20 gr of white wax, coat engorging breast
Toddalia aculeata is also involved in the treatment of : H(007) depurative, H(008y) tambave or H(075) nutritional marasmus, H(037) bronchitis, H(045) vulnerary, H(091) tonic bitter
Region : Mauritius
Country : Mauritius
Vernacular name : patte poule (à piquants) (Creole) , milharanai (Tamoul)
Reference HG 02
Author(s) : Glover, P.E., J. Stewart & M.D. Gwynne
Title : Masai and Kipsigis notes on East african plants, Part III - Medicinal uses of plants. East African agricultural and forestry journal, 32, 2, 200 - 207, (1966)
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough and H(108) colds, decoction of fruits of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HG 20
Author(s) : Gurib-Fakim, Ameenah, Joseph Guého
Title : Plantes médicinales de l'île Rodrigues Stanley, Rose-Hill. Editions de l'océan indien - Université de Maurice (Réduit) , 580 p. (1994) (ISBN 99903-0-171-9)
Symptoms : H(037), H(051), H(103), H(113), H(163)
Recipes : H(037) cough, decoction of leaves of Citrus aurantiumde Toddalia asiatica, VO.
H(037) cough, H(051) fever, a chill catched, H(163) gout, H(113) rheumatism, tea of 5 leaves in 1 cup H2O, VO.
H(037) cough, rhizome decoction of Phymatodes scolopendria of leaves of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
H(103) tooth are coming through the gums, tea of leaves of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
Region : Mauritius
Country : Rodrigues Island
Vernacular name : patte poule piquant, bambara
Reference HJ 02
Author(s) : Johns, T., J.O. Kokwaro & E.K. Kimanani
Title : Herbal remedies of the Luo of Siaya District, Kenya: establishing quantitative criteria for consensus. Economic Botany, 44, 3, 369 - 381, (1990)
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), roots of Toddalia asiatica are chewed or taken as a decoction for relief of stomachache
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Luo, district of Siaya)
Vernacular name : ajua, nyalwet kwach (Luo)
Reference HK 41
Author(s) : Katuura, E., P. Waako, J. Ogwal-Okeng, R. Bukenya-Ziraba
Title : Traditional treatment of malaria in Mbarara District, western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology, Volume 45 (Suppl. 1). 48-51 (2007)
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 24) paludism leaves and roots of Toddalia asiatica., RNS., VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Uganda (Mbarara district)
Vernacular name : kabakura (banyankole)
Reference HL 13
Author(s) : Lavergne, R. & R. Véra
Title : Etude ethnobotanique des plantes utilisées dans la pharmacopée traditionnelle à la Réunion. Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 236 p., (1989)
Symptoms : H(007), H(037), H(108), H(113)
Recipes : H(113) cramp, maceration of Toddalia asiatica in rum, local friction
H051) fever, H(037) cough, H(108) influenza, H(113) rheumatism…, maceration of some leaves in a cup or maceration of Toddalia asiatica rapped in wine or in rhum, VO. 1 tablespoon morning and evening
H(007) depurative, decoction of leaves for 2l. H2O, VO. Several glasses per day
Region : Reunion
Country : Reunion
Vernacular name : ronce, patte poule piquant
Reference HL 15
Author(s) : Lulekal, E., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, H. Yineger
Title : An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu District, southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , Volume 4 : 10 (2008) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/4/1/10 + Additional file
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascariasuis (magga), dried leaves of Toddalia asiatica, crush boil and VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Southeastern Ethiopia (Mana Angetu District)
Vernacular name : kundo (Afaan Oromo)
Reference HL 24
Author(s) : Lulekal, E., Z. Asfaw, E. Kelbessa, P. Van Damme
Title : Ethnomedicinal study of plants used for human ailments in Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9:63 ( 2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/63 + Additional fil
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) hepatitis, fresh flowers of Toddalia asiatica , boil and drink the decoction when cool
Region : East Africa
Country : North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Vernacular name : tosigne (Amharic)
Reference HM 38
Author(s) : Muthaura, C.N. , G.M. Rukunga, S.C. Chhabra, G.M. Mungai & E.N.M. Njagi
Title : Traditional phytotherapy of some remedies used in treatment of malaria in Meru district of Kenya. South African Journal of Botany , Volume 73, Issue 3, Pages 402-411 (2007)
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, root bark boiled of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Meru district, Imenti forest game reserve, Gatunga region)
Vernacular name : muchani
Reference HM 72
Author(s) : Mahomoodally, M. F.
Title : A quantitative ethnobotanical study of common herbal remedies used against 13 human ailments catergories in Mauritus African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines,11(6):1-32 (2014)
Symptoms : H(004), H(051)
Recipes : H(004) trauma Prepare a poultice of Toddalia asiatica.leaves together with Curcuma longa and apply on wound
H(051) fever, decoction of the leaves of Toddalia asiatica together with Cymbopogon nardus and Zingiber officinale root. VO. 1 cup at nigh
Region : Mauritius
Country : Mauritius
Vernacular name : la patte poule (local language)
Reference HM 73
Author(s) : Muthaura, C.N., G.M. Rukunga, S.C. Chhabra, G.M. Mungai, E.N.M. Njagi
Title : Traditional antimalarial phytotherapy remedies used by the Kwale community of the Kenyan Coast Journal of Ethnopharmacology 114, 377–386 (2007)
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, root bark of Toddalia asiatica, boiled in water, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya ( Kenyan Coast)
Vernacular name : kikombe-cha-chui (Digo)
Reference HN 19
Author(s) : Njoroge, G. N. & R. W. Bussmann
Title : Diversity and utilization of ethnophytotherapeutic remedies among the Kikuyus (Central Kenya), Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2006) doc 10.1186/1746-4269-2-8
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 2) paludism ONS. of Toddalia asiatica, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (district of Maragwa, Nyeri)
Vernacular name : mururue
Reference HN 23
Author(s) : Njoroge, G. N. & R. W. Bussmann
Title : Traditional management of ear, nose and throat (ENT) diseases in Central Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Volume 2, pp. 1-9 ( 2006).
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, boiling leaves of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti) boiling roots , VO.
H(108) common cold (homa, kihuti), boiling roots inhalation
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Central Kenya)
Vernacular name : mûrûrûwe (Kikuyu)
Reference HN 25
Author(s) : Njoroge, G. N., R. W. Bussmann, B. Gemmill, L.E. Newton & V. W. Ngumi
Title : Utilisation of weed species as sources of traditional medicines in central Kenya. Lyonia, Volume 7 (2), pp. 71-87, (december 2004)
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109) back pains, ONS. De Toddalia asiatica, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (central province) (Kikuyu people)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HN 43
Author(s) : Ngarivhume, T. , C. van’t Klooster, J. T.V.M. de Jong, J. H. Van der Westhuizen
Title : Medicinal plants used by traditional healers for the treatment of malaria in the Chipinge district in Zimbabwe Journal of Ethnopharmacology 159, 224–237, (2015)
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 3) paludism, decoction of roots or tubers of Toddalia asiatica (Chiriga, Zuzunye, Mahlope village)
Region : East Africa
Country : Zimbabwe ( Chipinge district)
Vernacular name : gato (Shona)
Reference HO 09
Author(s) : Orwa, J.A., I.J.O. Jondiko, R.J.A. Minja, M. Bekunda
Title : The use of Toddalia asiatica (L) Lam. (Rutaceae) in traditional medicine practice in East Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 115 , pp. 257-262 (2008)
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(026), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(074), H(076), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(107), H(109), H(111), H(118), H(123), H(124), H(128x)
Recipes : H(004, 2) wound healing , leaves/root bark powder of Toddalia asiatica, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water / topical
H(008, 1) diarrhoea, root bark, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(026, 1) menstrual cramps, leaves/root bark; concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(037, 5) cough , root bark, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(037, 7) chest pain, root bark/leaves concoction / inhalant, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
H(037, 1) tuberculosis, root bark concoction
H(037, 1) pneumonia/bronchitis, root bark, concoction
H(051, 11) paludism, root bark / stem bark / leaves/fruits, concoction
H(068, 1) amoeba, root/stem/leaves, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
H(074; 1) bacterial infection, root bark/leaves, concoction (Bacterial infection as described by healers is common skin lesions as impetigo, boils, carbuncles, abscesses and infected lacerations)
H(076, 1) tongue thrash , leaves, ash
H(100, 2) sexually transmitted infection,. root bark, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
H(103, 3) tooth ache, root bark, chew
H(104, 16) stomach problems, root bark, concoction
H(107, 1) typhoid fever, root/stem/leaves, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
H(109, 1) back pain, root/stem/leaves, decoction
H(111, 1) burns, leaves, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
H(118, 4) sore throat, root bark, chew
H(123, 2) food poisoning, root bark, decoction
H(124, 1) haemorrhage following child birth, root bark decoction
H(128x, 1) prostate diseases, root bark concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Kajulu hills, Kisumu District)
Vernacular name : orange climber (English)
Reference HO 09
Author(s) : Orwa, J.A., I.J.O. Jondiko, R.J.A. Minja, M. Bekunda
Title : The use of Toddalia asiatica (L) Lam. (Rutaceae) in traditional medicine practice in East Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 115 , pp. 257-262 (2008)
Symptoms : H(013), H(026), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(100), H(104), H(123)
Recipes : H(013, 1) ulcers, root barkof Toddalia asiatica, decoction
H(026, 1) menstrual cramps, leaves/root bark; concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(037, 1) chest pain, root bark/leaves concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water/inhalant
H(051, 4) paludism, root bark/stem bark/leaves/fruits, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(068, 1) amoeba, root/stem/leaves, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(100, 1) sexually transmitted infection,. root bark, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
H(104, 6) stomach problems, root bark, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in wate
H(123, 3) food poisoning, root bark, decoction
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Iberera ward, Bukoba District)
Vernacular name : orange climber (English)
Reference HO 09
Author(s) : Orwa, J.A., I.J.O. Jondiko, R.J.A. Minja, M. Bekunda
Title : The use of Toddalia asiatica (L) Lam. (Rutaceae) in traditional medicine practice in East Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 115 , pp. 257-262 (2008)
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(020), H(026), H(037), H(077), H(082), H(104), H(126), H(206)
Recipes : H(008, 3) diarrhoea, root bark of Toddalia asiatica, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(013, 7) ulcers, root bark, decoction
H(013, 7) skin rash, root bark pound fresh
H(020, 4) snake bite, root bark Infusion
H(026, 3) menstrual cramps, leaves/root bark; concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(037, 8) cough, root bark, concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(037, 2) tuberculosis, root bark concoction is prepared by boiling more than one plant species in water
H(037, 1) pneumonia / bronchitis, root bark, concoction
H(077, 1) vomiting , root bark, decoction
H(082, 1) asthma, root bark, concoction
H(104, 25) stomach problems, root bark, concoction
H(126, 1) liver diseases, roots / leaves decoction
H(206, 1) sweating feet, root bark Infusion
Region : East Africa
Country : Uganda (Nsuki wild life centre, Wasiso District)
Vernacular name : orange climber (English)
Reference HP 04
Author(s) : Pernet, R. & G. Meyer
Title : Pharmacopée de Madagascar Publication de l'Institut de Recherche scientifique, Tananarive - Tsimbazaza, 86 p., (1957)
Symptoms : H(007), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(091), H(100), H(104), H(116), H(118)
Recipes : H(007), H(091), H(104), leaves, RNS.
H(018), H(100) blen., H(100) syph., stems, leaves, RNS.H(037), H(118), barks, RNS.
H(051), H(051) paludism, stems, leaves,barks, RNS.
H(116), leaves,barks, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HP 09
Author(s) : Parker, M.A., S. Chabot, B. J. Ward, T. Johns
Title : Traditional dietary additives of the Maasai are antiviral against the measles virus. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 114, pp. 146 - 152 (2007)
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(046, f), roots bark of Toddalia aculeata incorporated in milk or soup of both healthy or sick children to prevent or to heal measles
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Narok district, Loita Hills region)
Vernacular name : oleparmunyo (Maasai)
Reference HR 53
Author(s) : Randriamiharisoa, M. N. , A. R. Kuhlman, V. Jeannoda, H. Rabarison, N. Rakotoarivelo, T. Randrianarivony, F.Raktoarivony, A. Randrianasolo and R. W. Bussmann
Title : Medicinal plants sold in the markets of Antananarivo, Madagascar Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2015) 11:60 DOI 10.1186/s13002-015-0046-y
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) syphilis, H(100) gonorrhea, leaves of Toddalia asiatica, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar (markets of Antananarivo)
Vernacular name : fanala simba
Reference HR 55
Author(s) : Rakotoarivelo, N. H., F. Rakotoarivony, A. V. Ramarosandratana, V. H. Jeannoda, A. R. Kuhlman, A. Randrianasolo, R. W. Bussmann
Title : Medicinal plants used to treat the most frequent diseases encountered in Ambalabe rural community, Eastern Madagascar Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 11:68 (2015) DOI 10.1186/s13002-015-0050-2
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Eastern Madagascar, Ambalabe rural community
Vernacular name : anakasimba (Betsimisaraka)
Reference HS 18
Author(s) : Ssegawa, P., J. M. Kasenene
Title : Medicinal plant diversity and uses in Sango bay area, Southern Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 113, pp. 521 - 540, (2007)
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068, 3) intestinal worms, leaves decoction of Toddalia asiatica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Uganda (Sango bay area)
Vernacular name : kamule
Reference HS 42
Author(s) : Suroowan,S., M. F. Mahomoodally
Title : A comparative ethnopharmacological analysis of traditional medicine used against respiratory tractdiseases in Mauritius Journal of Ethnopharmacology 177, 61–80, (2016)
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082, 3) respiratory tract diseases as: H(037) cough. Prepare a decoction of the leaves of Toddalia asiatica to which the rhizome of Cymbopogon citratus and the juice of Citrus xaurantium is also added. Sugar is then added.
Region : Mauritius
Country : Mauritius
Vernacular name : la patte poule piquant (Mauritian Creol and Bhojpuri), orange (Common English Name)
Reference HV 54
Author(s) : Van der Veen, L.J., S. Bodinga-bwa-Bodinga
Title : Une société traditionnelle noire africaine et ses plantes utiles : les Eviya du Gabon Document submitted for publication http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/fulltext/Van der Veen/Van der Veen_à paraître_a.pdf
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) blennorrage, maceration of barks of Toddalia aculeata, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Gabon (Eviya habitat)
Vernacular name : (o-)bata, (Eviya language)
Reference HW 01
Author(s) : Walker, R.
Title : Usages pharmaceutiques des plantes spontanées du Gabon. Bull. Inst. Etudes centrafricaines, n° 4, 5, 6, (1953) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038), roots of barks stem, branch, trunk of Toddalia aculeata, maceration (H2O), VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Gabon
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HW 10
Author(s) : Weiss. E. A.
Title : Some indigenous plants used domestically by East african costal fishermen Economic Botany, 33, 1,. pp. 35-51, (1979) http://www.springerlink.com/content/044148858871586m/
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), leaves and young shoots of Toddalia asiatica are sometimes pounded and used for stomach disorders
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : wait-a-bit thorn (English), kikutcha (Swahili), kikucha (Sanya), kikomse-cha-chui (Dogo)
Reference VB 36
Author(s) : Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title : Lexique et recueil des quelques pratiques en ethno-pharmacopée agro-vétérinaire au Kivu. Plate forme Diobass au Kivu, 118p. (juin 2005)
Symptoms : V(016)
Recipes : Vb(016) inflammation of the mammary glands, to strike the udders of the cow with the leaves of Berkheya spekeana + to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Caesalpinia decapetala of Toddalia asiatica, filter in 2 liters H2O, VO. 1/2 liters 2 X / day, massage of the udders with the hot crushed leaves
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kivu)
Vernacular name : garikankubaze (Mashi), mbeleci w'ekyungu (Bembe)
Reference VR 04
Author(s) : Rimbach, L.
Title : Traditional methods of treating cattle diseases. Report for ASA (Studienaufenthalte in Africa, Asien und Latein-Amerika), 19 p., (1977) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms : V(037), V(068), V(082), V(093), V(113)
Recipes : Vb(037), fruit, RNS, cough
Vb(068), ONS., RNS.
Vb(082), cooked leaves in butter + leaves of beans (rheumatism)
Vb(093), ONS., RNS., poisoning food
Vb(113), cooked leaves in butter + leaves of beans (rheumatism)
Vb(136), roots, RNS., indigestion
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania( Masai, Chagga, Sukuma)
Vernacular name : ol aiseramai, ol cragudj (Masai), mbegu, mka nanga (Chagga), mdongonyezi (Swahili), kitonenge (Iringa), mkananga (Moshi)
Reference VW 01
Author(s) : Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title : The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms : V(093), V(123)
Recipes : V(093), V(123), roots, decoction, poisoning from spoiled meat, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not registered