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Official name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker , Trema guineensis (Schum. & Thonn. ) Ficalho

89 reference(s) related to this plant

Reference HA 02
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, K. Dramane, J. A. Elewude, S. O. Fadoju, Z.O. Gbile, E. Goudote, C.L. A. Johnson, A. Keita, O. Morakinyo, J. A. O. Ojewole, A. O. Olatunjia, E. A. Sofowora
Title : Contribution to ethnobotanical and floristic studies in Western Nigeria. CSTR-OUA, 420 p., (1991) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(051), H(098), H(151)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, leaves of Azadirachta indica, roots, leaves of Citrus aurantifolia of Morinda lucida of Rauvolfia vomitora of Spondias mombin of Trema guineensis, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(098), leaves and stem without leaves of Abrus precatorius, barks stem, branch, trunk of Bridelia ferruginea of Entandophragma angolese of Ficus mucoso of Combretodendrom macrocarpum of Uvaria chamae of Trema guineensis of Alstonia boonei, stem without leaves of Sorghum bicolor, roots of Vetiveria nigritana , decoction, VO.
H(151), ripe fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, leaves of Ocimum gratissimum of Polyalthia oliveri of Kigelia africana, barks stem, branch, trunk of Pycnanthus angolensis of Alstonia boonei of Trema guineensis of Terminalia ivorensis, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HA 03
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, A. Akoegninou, J. d'Almeida, F. Apovo, K. Boukef, M. Chadare, G. Gusset, K. Dramane, J. Eyme, J. - N. Gassita, N. Gbaguidi, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, P. Houngnon, Issa Lo, A. Keita, H. V. Kiniffo, D. Kone - Bamba, A. Musampa Nseyya, M. Saadou, Th. Sodogandji, S. de Souza, A. Tchabi, C. Zinsou Dossa, TH. Zohoun
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Bénin. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 895 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(008) + H(104) intestinal oclusion decoction stem with leaves, bath
H(033) woman, leaves of Desmodium velutinum of Trema guineensis, decoction H2O, VO.
H(099), stem with leaves of Trema, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Benin
Vernacular name : djivi-djivi (Fon), wasa-wasa ((Adja), aférifé (Yoruba)
Reference HA 05
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, J. Baniakina, P. Chibon, G. Cusset, V. Doulou, A. Enzanza, J. Eymé, E. Goudoté, A. Keita, C. Mbemba, J. Mollet, J.- M. Moutsamboté, J. Mpati, P. Sita
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Congo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 605 p., (1988) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(104), H(169)
Recipes : H(018), sap leaves of Trema guineensis, drops in eyes
H(022), young leaves of Trema., to pound, to macerate (H2O), VO. + in vagina
H(031), leaves of Trema., morceaux, maceration (H2O), VO. + rock salt
H(031), barks stem, branch, trunk of Trema., pulp, scarifications
H(037), roots of Trema., in pieces, decoction (H2O), to filter, VO. + sugar
H(104) dyspepsy, leaves of Trema guineensis, young leaves of Harungana madagascariesnsis, flowers of Musanga cecropioides, to grind, maceration (H2O), VO. + dung of elephant
H(169), barks stem trunk, rameau of Trema guineensis, Millettia laurentii, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(169), barks stem trunk, rameau of Trema guineensis, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Popular republic) (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name : osossi (Babamba, Mbaamba), yayaka (Beembé), on-oué (Koukouya), omboumba (Téké), mouyayaka (Soundi), on-wé (Téké)
Reference HA 07
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, K. Akpagana, P. Chibon, A. El - Hadji, J. Eyme, M. Garba, , J. - N. Gassita, M. Gbeassor, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, K. - K. Hodouto, P. Houngnon, A. Keita, Y. Keoula, W. P. Kluga - Ocloo, I. Lo, K. M. Siamevi, K. K. Taffame
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Togo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 671 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(051), H(126), H(151), H(155), H(157)
Recipes : H(126), underground part of Aloe buettneri of Maytenus senegalensis of Hibiscus asper of Trema guineensis of Terminalia glaucescens, to dry, powder, to dilute, VO.
H(126), aerian part of Aloe buettner of Maytenus senegalensis of Hibiscus asper of Trema guineensis deTerminalia glaucescens, decoction, bath, VO.
H(151), stem with leaves of Trema guineensis, leaves of Gardenia ternifolia, decoction, VO.
H(155), barks stem, branch, trunk, barks of the underground part of Trema guineensis, decoction, VO. and gargle
H(157) + H(051) paludism, child, stem with leaves of Trema guineensis, decoction, bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Togo
Vernacular name : wadjawadja (Ewé), aféfé (Fé)
Reference HA 11
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, J.J. Floret , S. Guinko, M. Koumaré, A. M. R. Ahyi, J. Raynal
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Mali. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 291 p., (1981) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(007), H(201)
Recipes : H(007), ONS., RNS.
H(201) again infidelity of the woman, ONS., decoction, bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : alakra baghena (Bambara), teuki (Peuhl)
Reference HA 12
Author(s) : Ake Assi, L., J. Abeye, S. Guinko, R. Giguet, X. Bangavou
Title : Contribution à l'identification et au recensement des plantes utilisées dans la médecine traditionnelle et la pharmacopée en République Centrafricaine. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 139 p., (1981) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) childt, for the first steps, leaves juice of Trema orientalis, to dilute, drops in eyes
Region : Central Africa
Country : Central African Republic
Vernacular name : séyongo
Reference HA 1k
Author(s) : Ainslie, J.R.
Title : A list of plants used in native medicine in Nigeria. Imperial Forestry Institute.University of Oxford, Institute Paper, n° 7, (1937)
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(068)
Recipes : H(008), wood , small pieces, grilled, infusion, RNS.
H(037), barks powder, VO.
H(068), leaves to be eaten or infusion
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : afoforo
Reference HA 21
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, P. Chibon, H. de Vecchy, E. Duboze, J. Eymé, J.- N. Gassita, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, A. Keita, B. Koudogbo, M. Le Bras, I. Mourambou, E. Mve - Mengome, M. - G. Nguéma, J. - B. Ollome, P. Posso, P. Sita
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Gabon. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 294 p., (1984) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) epilepsy, boiled leaves with meat or fish, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Gabon
Vernacular name : igogongé (Mpongwé, musosobi (Bapunu, evesec, evezeghe (Fang)
Reference HA 29 e
Author(s) : M. Ichikawa
Title : The Mbuti Pygmies in the Ituri forest of north-eastern Zaire, around Katala and Mawambo village (N 1.0', E 29.10', alt. c. 1000 m), Zone de Mambasa, Region de Haut-Zaire in : AFLORA on the Web (http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Symptoms : H(031)
Recipes : H(031) the young leaves of Trema guineensis are crumpled and rubbed on the side of the body to cure the pain
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ekenge (Mbuti )
Reference HA 29 f
Author(s) : H. Terashima, M. Ichikawa and M. Sawada
Title : The Efe Pygmies and the Balese farmers in the Ituri forest of northeastern Zaire, around Andiri village (N 1.55', E 29.10', alt. c. 1000 m), Zone de Mambasa, Region de Haut-Zaire in : AFLORA on the Web (http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Symptoms : H(000), H(100)
Recipes : H(000) the plant of Trema guineensis is used to treat as well as to prevent an acute disease called which attacks children; the leaf-sap is dripped into the eyes of children
H(100), The plant is said to be used for gonorrhea; an infusion of leaves is taken for it
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Ituri forest of northeastern Zaire)
Vernacular name : kudukudu (Balese), udu'udu (Efe)
Reference HB 01
Author(s) : Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title : Guérisseurs et plantes médicinales de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgique.Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 18, 214 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(018), H(046), H(051), H(068), H(077), H(091), H(201)
Recipes : H(006) laxative, purgative, leaves of Clausena anisata, leaves of Trema orientalis, decoction (H2O), enema
H(008), H(018), H(091) kwash, H(201) again bad spirits, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema., powder, dissoudre (H2O), enema
H(018), leaves of Berkheya spekeana of Trema orientalis, juice, VO.
H(018), leaves, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema., powder, to lick
H(018), leaves of Trema., powder, to lick
H(018), leaves of Trema orientalis of Staurogyne humbertii, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(051), leaves of Securinega virosa of Trema orientalis, decoction (H2O), VO., enema
H(046) measles, chicken-pox, leaves of Thunbergia sp., leaves, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema orientalis, maceration (H2O), VO.
H(051), leaves of Trema., maceration (H2O), VO.
H(068) intestinal parasitism, roots of Trema., decoction (H2O), enema
H(068) intestinal parasitism, racines, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema., decoction (H2O), enema
H(077) during pregnacy, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema., decoction (H2O), enema
H(091) again childs diseases, leaves of Trema., to carbonize, VO.
H(201) psychosis, leaves en decoction (H2O) of Apodytes dimidiata of Ludwigia abyssinica of Trema orientalis, VO.
H(201) psychosis, leaves of Biophytum helenae of Commelina benghalensis of leaves of Piper umbellatum of Trema orientalis, stems with leaves of Microglossa pyrifolia of Staurogyne humbertii, decoction (H2O), bath (no alcool)
H(201) psychosis, leaves of Brillantaisia cicatricosa of Phytolacca dodecandra of Staurogyne humbertii of Trema orientalis, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, leaves of Datura stramonium of Trema orientalis, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema., maceration (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema., to carbonize, VO.
H(201) psychosis, again bad spirits, leaves of Adenostemma mauritianum of Trema orientalis, infusion (H2O), VO.
H(201), psychosis bad spirits, infusion of leaves of Cassia occidentalis of Salvia nilotica of Trema orientalis of Xymalos monospora, stems with leaves of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Drymaria cordata of Oxalis corniculata, VO.
H(201) again bad spirits, leaves of Dodonaea viscosa of Potamogeton pectinatus of Prunus africanus of Rumex usambarensis deTrema orientalis, juice, VO.
H(201) psychosis again bad spirits, leaves of Embelia schimperi of Xymalos monospora, leaves, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema orientalis, to carbonize, VO.
H(201) psychosis, again bad spirits, leaves of Solanum aculeastrum of Trema orientalis, juice, VO.
H(201) psychosis again bad spirits, leaves, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema orientalis, leaves of Xymalos monospora, decoction (H2O), to sprinkle
H(201) again spell or bewitchment, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema orientalis of Strychnos innocua, infusion (H2O), enema
H(201) again spell or bewitchment, barks stem, branche, trunk of Trema orientalis of Strychnos innocua, powder, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name : umugwampore, umuhefu (Kirundi)
Reference HB 02
Author(s) : Boiteau, P.
Title : Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée.Précis de matière médicale malgache. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris 141 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(006) + H(104), H(008) + H(104), H(008), H(037), H(050), H(068), H(088), H(103), H(104), H(118), H(179)
Recipes : H(006) + H(104), H(008) + H(104), H(068), H(104), whole plant of Euphorbia hirta, roots of Phyllanthus casticum of Eriosema procumbens, barks stem, branch, trunk of Anthocleista rhizophoroides of Trema orientalis, decoction (H2O), to filter, VO.
H(008), barks stem, branch, trunk of Trema orientalis, whole plant of Alchemilla rutenbergii, stem with leaves of Psidium guajava, leaves of Vaccinum emirnense, leaves of Psorospermum androsaemifolium, decoction, VO. + régime alimentaire
H(037) hemoptysia, leaves of Ochrocarpus orthocladus of Argemone mexicana of Urera oligolaba, barks stem, branch, trunk of Trema orientalis, whole plant of Euphorbia hirta of Dichrocephala lyrata, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(050) swelling of the abdomen, wood of Trema., to carbonize, to pound, to dilute, VO.
H(068), wood of Trema., to carbonize, RNS.
H(068), barks stem, branch, trunk of Trema orientalis, rhizome of Cynodon dactylon of Smilax kraussiana, whole plant of saltaginella concina, decoction (H2O), to filter, VO. + H2O of rice + charcoal wood in powder
H(088), barks stem, branch, trunk of Trema., RNS.
H(103), mouth care, leaves of Trema., RNS., gargle
H(118), leaves of Siegesbeckia orientalis, barks stem, branch, trunk of Trema orientalis, leaves of Vaccinum emirnense (= Vaccinum madagascariense) leaves of Obetia radula, flowers of Malva verticillata, decoction (H2O), to filter, gargle
H(179) good fonction of loins, leaves of Trema, decoction, to filter, to dilute, enema + wineegar
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : andrareza
Reference HB 04
Author(s) : Bouquet, A. & M. Debray
Title : Plantes médicinales de la Côte d'Ivoire. Travaux et Documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, n° 32, 232 p., (1974)
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(037), H(051), H(113), H(126), H(164)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(007) diuretic, ONS. de Trema guineensis, RNS., VO.
H(037) broncho-pneumonia, H(051) fever, H(113) rheumatism?, H(126) icterus, ONS of Trema guineensis , RNS.
H(164) revulsive, ONS., application sur la peau
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast
Vernacular name : abounaséné (Ebrie), azisian, aïssien, essien (Baoule), bindogba (Malinke), fouéfoué, pouépoué (Gouro), sessian (Ashanti), yaro (Aboure)
Reference HB 04
Author(s) : Bouquet, A. & M. Debray
Title : Plantes médicinales de la Côte d'Ivoire. Travaux et Documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, n° 32, 232 p., (1974)
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(037), H(051), H(113), H(126), H(164)
Recipes : H(006), H(007),H(037), H(051), H(113), H(126), H(164) skin, ONS. of Trema orientalis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HB 05
Author(s) : Bouquet, A.
Title : Féticheurs et médecines traditionnelles du Congo (Brazzaville). Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M., 36, 282 p., (1969) http://www.docstoc.com/docs/41737230/Ficheurs-et-mecines-traditionn
Symptoms : H(005), H(033), H(034), H(037), H(038), H(068), H(082), H(099), H(103), H(104), H(123), H(128), H(169), H(170)
Recipes : H(005), H(123), H(169), H(170), ONS. of Trema guinensis, RNS., VO.
H(033) woman, leaves of Adenia cynanchifolia of Trema guinensis of Costus afer of Palisota ambigua of Sherbournia sp. of Laportea aestuans, to cook in palm oil, VO. + banana cooked with oil, salt, meat or fish
H(033) femme, H(038), H(104), H(128), ONS. de Trema guineensis, RNS., VO.
H(034), juice of leaves of Trema guinensis, VO.
H(037), bark of the underground part of Trema guineensis, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(068) oxyurosis child, juice of leaves of Trema guinensis, VO.
H(082), dried leaves of Trema guinensis, smoke bath
H(099) epilepsy, young leaves of Treme guinensie, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(103), juice of leaves of Trema guinensis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Popular republic) (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name : n-yaa-yaka, n-yaka yaka, nti wa nka-la (Laadi), lugungo lwa ndzabi, nsosobi (Vili), nyien yaka (Tié), mwalanka (Laali), mushaushu (Yaa), mwasoosi (Ndasa), oshoshi, moyesi (Mbaamba), mushoshi (Kôta), mubiere-biere (Nzabi), isuesue (Mbôsi), exesoko (Sanga), lishieso (Enyélé), sose (Babinga)
Reference HB 25M
Author(s) : Bossard, E.
Title : La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) madness, ONS of Trema orientalis, inhalation and take a bath 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Angola (regions of Cuanza Norte, Golungo Alto)
Vernacular name : kipesi (Umbundu)
Reference HB 30b
Author(s) : Betti, J. L.
Title : An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants among the baka pygmies in the Dja biosphere reserve, Cameroon. African Study Monographs, 25 (1) : 1 - 27, March 2004
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) abcess, stems barks of Trema orientalis, to scrape, locale application
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Dja reserve)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Reference HB 33
Author(s) : Bhat, R.B., E.O. Etejere, V.T. Oladipo
Title : Ethnobotanical studies fron central Nigeria. Economic Botany, 44 (3), pp. 382-390, (1990)
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Trema orientalis at any time of the day
H(051, f): the leaves are cooked in earthen pots, and the decoction is collected in vessels or used as a steam or cold bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : afefe (Yoruba), telemukwu (Ibo)
Reference HB 3k
Author(s) : Bost, R.
Title : Pharmacopée malgache. Mémoire de l'Institut scientifique de Madagascar, série B, Tome 10, Fasc. 2, 159 - 234, (1961)
Symptoms : H(013), H(091)
Recipes : H(013), abscess, roots, grated + H2O + plaster
H(091) child, whole plant, grind, juice, VO.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : vohakandrina, andrarezina
Reference HB 4k
Author(s) : Bitsindou, M. & J. Lejoly
Title : Les plantes antidiarrhéiques chez les Sundi de la sous-préfecture de Kindamba (Congo), 722 -726, (1996) The Biodiversity of African Plants.Proceedings14 th AETFATCongress.Wageningen, The Netherlands, 22 - 27 augustus 1994. Edited by J.G. van der Maesen, X.M. van der Burgt & J.M. van Medenbach de Rooy.Kluwer Academic Publishers, 861 p., (1996)
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008), decoction (H2O) of leaves, VO., 1 glass / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Popular republic) (Brazzaville) (ex Brazaville Congo)
Vernacular name : ntiakala
Reference HB 6k
Author(s) : Barnish, G. & S.K. Samai
Title : Some medicinal plant recipes of the Mende, Sierra Leone. Medical research council laboratory P.O.Box 81, Bo, Sierra Leone , 96 p., January l992 DVV sponsored, SLADEA PublicationKew 633.88 (10.2)
Symptoms : H(003), H(012), H(126)
Recipes : H(003) +H(012)), Xylopia aethiopica, Cassia sieberiana, Microdesmis puberula, Trema guineensis, Manihot esculenta, equal amounts of leaves from the five plants are put together. They are pounded well and rolled into balls and sun-dried. To apply on fracture, etc. the baIl is grated and the dust dampened and applied directly,H(126), Boil leaves and drink.
Region : West Africa
Country : Sierra Leone
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HC 03
Author(s) : Cihyoka, M. A.
Title : AGEEP-Bushi, Bukavu. Kagala, SEMINAIRE-ATELIER SUR LES PLANTES MEDICINALES.Tenu par KAGALA (Kabare) du 21 au 23 juillet l999. Documentation of the Sub-Network PRELUDE
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) rhumatism, washed leaves of Trema orientalis (nyabwifomeka), 1 hand (+/-10 grs) to crush and to put in 1 l. H2O.VO. 1/8 l., 3X/day. during 7 day.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Kivu)
Vernacular name : nyabwifomeka
Reference HC 13f
Author(s) : Chabra, S.C., R.L.A. Mahunnah & E.N. Mshiu
Title : Plants used in traditional medicine in Eastern Tanzania.VI. Angiosperms (Sapotaceae to Zingiberaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 39, pp. 83 - 103, (1993)
Symptoms : H(018), H(101)
Recipes : H(018), crushed leaves are massaged over the head
H(101), stembark decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (East)
Vernacular name : mpesi (Zaramo)
Reference HC 27
Author(s) : Coopoosamy, R. M. and K. K. Naidoo
Title : An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Durban, South Africa. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology Vol. 6(11), pp. 818-823, 22 March, 2012
Symptoms : H(004), H(037), H(100), H(103), H(137)
Recipes : H(004) wounds,H(037) coughs, H(100) venereal diseases, H(103) toothache, H(137) sores, infusion, :ONS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (province of Durban, Umlazi region)
Vernacular name : umsekeseke, umbhangabhanga, umbengebenge (Zulu)
Reference HD 09
Author(s) : Debray, M., H. Jacquemin & R.Razafindrambao
Title : Contribution à l'inventaire des plantes médicinales de Madagascar. Travaux et documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., n°8, 150 p., (1971)
Symptoms : H(008), H(077), H(100), H(103), H(126)
Recipes : H(103), rub the gums
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar (high table-land plateau)
Vernacular name : andrarezina
Reference HD 10
Author(s) : De Graer, A.M.
Title : L'art de guérir chez les Azande. Congo, tome 1, n°2, 220 - 254, (1929), n°3, 361 - 408, (1929)
Symptoms : H(091), H(130)
Recipes : H(091), H(130), ONS. RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (ex. Belgian Congo)
Vernacular name : pewa (Zande)
Reference HD 13
Author(s) : Disengomoka, I. & P. Delaveau
Title : Medicinal plants used for child's respiratory diseases in Zaire. Part I. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 8, pp. 257 - 263, (1983) Medicinal plants used for child's respiratory diseases in Zaire. Part II. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 8, pp. 265 - 277, (1983) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874183900636
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma, barks of Spathodea campanulata, Trema orientalis, pounded with H2O, drip, VO., enema, 2X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HD 15
Author(s) : Diafouka, A. J. P.
Title : Analyse des usages des plantes médicinales dans 4 régions de Congo-Brazzaville. Thèse de doctorat, Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Botanique Systématique et de Phytosociologie, 431 p., (1997)
Symptoms : H(008) + H(104), H(037), H(082), H(091), H(139), H(151), H(156), H(178)
Recipes : H(008) + H(104) gastric ulcer, young leaves of Trema guineensis + palm oil + rock salt, VO.
H(037, 5) cough, leaves of Trema., to pound + H2O, VO. 100 ml., 3 X / day
H(082) dyspnoea, leaves of Trema., to pound (H2O), to filter, VO. 100 ml. 4 X / day during 4 days
H(091) asthenia, roots of Trema guineensis, fruits pelés and in pieces of Musa paradisiaca, to macerate in palm wine, VO., 100 ml. ; 3 X / day
H(139) aphrodisiac, roots of Trema guineensis, fruits pelés and in pieces of Musa paradisiaca, to macerate in palm wine during 3 H., VO., 100 ml. ; 3 X / day
H(151), leaves and roots of Trema., decoction (H2O), VO. 200 ml., during 3 days
H(156), pounded leaves of Trema., to dilute in 100 ml H2O), to filter, VO. ; baby, 2 coffee spoons ; childs, 2 soup spoons
H(178, 6) cardiac desease, roots of Trema., VO. during 3 J. ; childs, 1 coffee spoon ; adults, 100 ml.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo-Brazzaville
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HD 20
Author(s) : Diafouka A., J. Lejoly
Title : Plantes hypotensives utilisées en médecine traditionnelle à Brazzaville (Congo). Méricaments et aliments: L'approche ethnopharmacologique. Actes du 2e Colloque Européen d'Ethnophmacologie et de la 2ème Conférence internationale d'Ethnomédecine, Heidelberg2, 4-27 mars 1993.
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, decoction (1 l. H2O) with leaves and roots of Trema guineensis. VO. 200 ml 3 X / Day till recovery
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Popular republic) (Brazzaville)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HD 20
Author(s) : Diafouka A., J. Lejoly
Title : Plantes hypotensives utilisées en médecine traditionnelle à Brazzaville (Congo). Méricaments et aliments: L'approche ethnopharmacologique. Actes du 2e Colloque Européen d'Ethnophmacologie et de la 2ème Conférence internationale d'Ethnomédecine, Heidelberg2, 4-27 mars 1993.
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension,.ONS.Trema orientalis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Popular republic) (Brazzaville)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HD 28
Author(s) : Debray, M.
Title : Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles à Madagascar Etudes Médicales, n° 4, pp. 69 - 85, mars 1975 http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/doc34-08/21760.pdf
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) anti toothache, ONS. of Cajanus cajan associated with Trema orientalis, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Reference HD 38
Author(s) : Daruty, C. (Dr)
Title : Plantes Médicinales de l'Ile Maurice et des Pays Intertropicaux (p. 215) General Steam Printing Company, 6, rue du Gouvernement - Maurice (1886) https://archive.org/details/b24400270
Symptoms : H(007), H(008), H(051), H(088), H(162)
Recipes : H(051) paludisme, bark of Trema orientalis (bois d'Andrèze) is a good substitute for quinine
H(146) sluggishness of the rectum, decoction d"barks, of leaves of bois d'andrèze + vinegar, enema
Trema orientalis is also involved in the treatment of : H(007) stong diuretic (leaves), H(008) dysentery, H(088) astringent, H(162) urinary retention
Region : Mauritius
Country : Mauritius
Vernacular name : bois d'andrèze (Creole)
Reference HF 04
Author(s) : Focho, D. A., M. C Newu, M. G Anjah, F. A Nwana, F. B Ambo
Title : Ethnobotanical survey of trees in Fundong, Northwest Region, Cameroon Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2009, 5:17 (doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-17) + Additional file 1
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033, 21) male and female infertility, maceration or infusion of leaves of Trema guineensis, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (Fundong, Northwest Region)
Vernacular name : fang kom (Fundong)
Reference HF 08
Author(s) : Frazão-Moreira, A
Title : The symbolic efficacy of medicinal plants:practices, knowledge, and religious beliefs amongst the Nalu healers of Guinea-Bissau Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 12:24 (2016)
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, barks of Trema orientalis, VO. Swallow
Region : West Africa
Country : Guinea-Bissau
Vernacular name : n’robta kabafar (Nalu)
Reference HG 10
Author(s) : Gill, L.S. & C. Akinwumi
Title : Nigerian folk medicine practices and beliefs of the Ondo people. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 18, pp. 257 - 266, (1986)
Symptoms : H(037), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(037, 2) cough, bronchitis, H(037) pneumo. + H(091), H(051), H(068, 2) round-worms, hook-worms, H(091), barks, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ondo people)
Vernacular name : ayinyin (Ondo)
Reference HG 53
Author(s) : N’ guessan K., B. Kadja, G. N. ZirihiI, D.Traoré & L. Aké-Assi
Title : Screening phytochimique de quelques plantes médicinales ivoiriennes utilisées en pays Krobou (Agboville, Côte-d’Ivoire) Sciences & Nature Vol. 6 N°1 : 1 - 15 (2009)
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, decoction of leaves of Trema orientalis, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast (Krobou country, Agboville)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HH 11
Author(s) : Haxaire Claudie (Pharmacienne)
Title : Phytothérapie et Médecine Familiale chez les Gbaya-Kara (République Centrafricaine) Thèse de doctorat, Université de Paris, Fac. Pharmacie., 320 p., (1979)
Symptoms : H(078)
Recipes : H(078) tumour testicle, VO., roots decoction of a partial mixing of Aframomum aulococarpus, Ectadiopsis oblongifolia , Trema orientalis , Triclisia macrophylla , Strychnos spinosa , Vernonia sp., Rauvolfia vomitora, Orthopichonia pycnantha
Region : Central Africa
Country : Central African Republic
Vernacular name : Indicated by the author in phonetic note. not transposable
Reference HH 16
Author(s) : Haerdi, F.
Title : Afrikanische Heilpflanzen. Die Eingeborenen-Heilpflanzen des Ulanga- Distriktes Tanganjikas (Ostafrika). Acta tropica, Suppl. 8, 1-278 (1964) Published : 1964, Verlag für Recht und Gesellschaft (Basel)
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) tonic after paludism, roots extract + leaves juice of Trema guineensis, VO;
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mubefu (Kihehe)
Reference HI 12
Author(s) : Iyamah P.C., M. Idu
Title : Ethnomedicinal survey of plantsused in the treatment of malaria in Southern Nigeria Journal of Ethnopharmacology 173, 287–302, (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.07.008
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 17) paludism, leaves, stem bark of Trema orientalis, Decoction
Region : West Africa
Country : Southern Nigeria
Vernacular name : afefe (Yoruba), charcoal tree, gun powder tree (English)
Reference HJ 08
Author(s) : Jiofack, T., l. Ayissi, C. Fokunang, N. Guedje and V. Kemeuze
Title : Ethnobotany and phytomedicine of the upper Nyong valley forest in Cameroon African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology Vol. 3(4). pp. 144-150, April, 2009 http://www.academicjournals.org/ajpp
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139) male sexual impotence, leaves of Trema guineensis, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (upper Nyong valley forest)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HK 13
Author(s) : Kokwaro, J.O.
Title : Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms : H(037), H(106)
Recipes : H(037) cough, pounded leaves +lemon juice, VO.
H(106)insecticide, this plant produce an insecticide
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : musakala (Kakamega, Tiriki), mpehe (Zaramo, Tanzania)
Reference HK 22
Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & A. Bouquet
Title : Plantes médicinales et toxiques de la Côte-d'Ivoire - Haute-Volta.Mission d'étude de la pharmacopée indigène en A.O.F. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 300 p., (1950)
Symptoms : H(022), H(037), H(051), H(068), H(082), H(100), H(118), H(126)
Recipes : H(022), pulpe of stems with leaves of Aframomum sp. of Trema guineensis, VO.
H(037) bronchitis,H(037) cough, H(051x), H(068), H(082), H(100) blen., H(118) , leaves or barks of Trema guineensis, decoction (H2O), VO., gargle, fumigations, lotions, bath, steam bath
H(051x), leaves, barks Anogeissus schimperi , Trema guineensis, Sarcocephalus esculentus, decoction, VO.
H(126), leaves, barks Anogeissus schimperi , Trema guineensis, Sarcocephalus esculentus, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso
Vernacular name : kéké (Tagouana), mouhon (Senoufo), nidobiélé (Guimini), malolo (Karaboro), ensien (Baoulé), assissien (Agni), assessian, (Abran), tongoro (Koulango), m'blia, bamlia, blangocapon (Guéré), soukolan (Maho), yoyoha (Shien), bron (Bété)
Reference HK 23
Author(s) : Krüger, N. & M.
Title : Beobachtungen zur traditionellen Medizin der Mende in Sierra Leone. Curare, Sonderband, 3, 325 -336, (1985)
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), leaves, decoction + salt, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Sierra Leone
Vernacular name : ngombei-wuli (Cibemba)
Reference HK 25
Author(s) : Keita, S. M. & al.
Title : Etude ethnopharmacologique traditionnelle de quelques plantes médicinales anthelminthiques de la Haute-Guinée (République de Guinée) Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 13, 49 - 65, (1999)
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), leaves, decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Guinea (Republic of)
Vernacular name : sangban yiri fölö (Manika), kuki (Pular), tengbè (Soso)
Reference HK 39a
Author(s) : Kisangau, D. P., H. VM Lyaruu, K.M. Hosea, C.C. Joseph
Title : Use of traditional medicines in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Tanzania: a case in the Buhkoba rural district. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine Volume 3 : 29 (2007)
Symptoms : H(076)
Recipes : H(076) oral candidiasis, leaves, RNS. (opportunistic infection from HIV/AIDS)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Buhkoba rural district)
Vernacular name : muuwe (Haya)
Reference HK 53
Author(s) : Kayode, J, L. Aleshinloye and O. E. Ige
Title : Ethnomedicinal Use of Plant Species in Ijesa Land of Osun State, Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 164-170. (2008) http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/ijesa.htm
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, leaves, stem barks of Trema orientalis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ijesa Land of Osun State)
Vernacular name : ayinyin
Reference HK 55
Author(s) : Koni Muluwa, J., K. Bostoen
Title : Noms et usages des plantes utiles chez les Nsong. Göteborg Africana Informal Series - N° 6 , 71p., (2008) Department of Oriental and African Languages. University of Gothenburg (ISSN 1404-8523) http://www.sprak.gu.se/digitalAssets/1316/1316264_noms-et-usages-des-plantes.pdf
Symptoms : H(094)
Recipes : H(094) hemorrhoids, leaves of Trema guineensis, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Province of Bandundu)
Vernacular name : Indicated by the author in phonetic note. Not transposable
Reference HK 60
Author(s) : Konda ku Mbuta, Kabakura Mwima, Mbembe Bitengeli, Itufa Y’okolo, Mahuku Kavuna, Mafuta Mandanga, Mpoyi, Kalambayi, Ndemankeni Izamajole, Kadima Kazembe, Kelela Booto, Ngiuvu Vasaki, Bongombola Mwabonsika, Dumu Lody & Paul Latham
Title : Plantes médicinales de traditions. Province de l'Equateur – R.D. Congo, Kinshasa 2012 (419 p.) Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (I.R.S.S.) in Kinshasa. ISBN 9780955420856
Symptoms : H(005), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(033), H(099), H(100), H(137)
Recipes : H(005) edema of the feet and arms, lotion of palm oil with ashes of the stem of Trema orientalis in friction
H(013) abscess, leaves softened and soaked in palm oil by local application
H(014) eczema, decoction of leaves, associated with vegetable salt and bath
H(018) headache, macerated leaves as liquid for cooking and bath of head
H(033) sterility, decoction of the root of Trema orientalis of Thomandersia hensii as liquid for cooking
H(033) sterility, decoction of the root of Trema orientalis of Thomandersia hensii as liquid for cooking
H(099) disobedience, expressed juice of the fresh leaves :instillation oculaire : 2 drops 3 times per day
H(100) blennorrhoea, chewing the leaves with sugarcane
H(137) various pains, decoction of leaves VO.
H(137) various pains, decoction of the bark, bath
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (City of Gemena, of Bumba and suburbs, Tandala (Ngumu), Libenge centre, Bwamanda (Bosempwanga), Town of Mbandaka, City of Bosobolo)
Vernacular name : atenge (Kirega), wesese (Lomongo), esosele (Lokonda), ndele (Ngwaka), kisi ya mboka (Budja)
Reference HK 61
Author(s) : Kibungu Kembelo A.O.
Title : Quelques plantes médicinales du Bas-Congo et leurs usages (198 p.),(2003) http://www.sie-cameroun.cm/?q=biblio/doc/4825
Symptoms : H(014), H(034), H(042), H(068), H(082), H(099), H(100), H(103), H(201)
Recipes : H(014) dermatosis (kind of scabies with pus andH(014) itching) (Bilengi), decoction of the mixing of the following plants : Sarcocephalus pobeguinii (roots), Alchornea cordifolia (leaves), heart of banana tree (or leaves cut into small slices), Albizzia adianthifolia var adianthifolia (leaves), Dichaetanthera africana (leaves and internodes), Trema orientalis (leaves) and Malaka sp. (leaves). Take a full bath, 2 times per day.
H(034) tachycardia, decoction of barks of trunk of Trema orientalis in palm wine with those of Spathodea campanulata , VO. morning and evening each time one glass. This medication should not be taken during the day because there is a risk of causing an exaggerated acceleration pulse of the heart and vomiting.
H(034) tachycardia, juice of leaves , VO.
H(042) dehydration, pound and macerated in H2O leaves of Trema orientalis with leaves and roots of Carica papaya : take a rectal bath, 2 times per day.
H(068) wormer (oxyures), and H(099) epilepsy, decoction of young leaves , VO.
H(082) asthma, boil together roots and leaves of Schwenkia americana, leaves and fruits of Caloncoba welwitschii, Desmodium lasiocarpum, leaves of ferns (Pteridium aquilinum) and of Trema orientalis.To filter and drink ½ glass filtrate, 2 times per day.
H(100) blennorrhoea, decoction of the plant , VO.
H(103) tooth decay with H(103) gingivitis (ngulunga-mbaki), boil together barks of Trema orientalis with traditional salt Filter and keep an amount of warm liquid for 5 to 10 minutes in the mouth, 2 times per day.
H(201) madness or H(201) dementia, pound together and decoction leaves of Hymenocardia acida, of Cola acuminata, of Dacryodes edulis, of Citrullus lanatus, of Capsicum frutescens, of Lippia multiflora and of Trema orientalis; roots of Brillantaisia patula, of barks of Rauvolfia vomitoria and fruits of Aframomum melegueta and Mondia whitei.To filter and drink 1 table spoon filtrate mixed with one egg and white clay, 2 times per day.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Bas-Congo Province)
Vernacular name : mundia nuni, kidia nuni (Kikongo), mbunu bekia (Kiyanzi), mutie maleke, mungwenge, muyengo (Kimbala), muyeyi (Kimputu)
Reference HK 62
Author(s) : Kayode, J. & M. A. Omotoyinbo
Title : Ethnobotanical Utilisation and Conservation of Chewing Sticks. Plants Species in Ekiti State, Nigeria Research Journal of Botany 4(1) : 1-9, 2009 http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/academicjournals/rjb/2009/1-9.pdf
Symptoms : H(103x), H(037), H(051), H(086x)
Recipes : H(103x) dental hygiene, chewing a stem of Trema orientalis. Other effects:H(037) cough,H(037) bronchitis, H(051) fever, H(086x) black tongue
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ekiti State)
Vernacular name : afefe
Reference HK 70
Author(s) : Komlaga, G., C.Agyare, R. Akosua Dickson, M. L. Kwao Mensah, K. Annan, P.M. Loiseau, P.Champy
Title : Medicinal plants and finished marketed herbal products used in the treatment of malaria in the Ashanti region, Ghana Journal of Ethnopharmacology 172, 333–346, (2015)
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, leaves of Trema orientalis, Ficus exasperata, decoction, VO.
H(051) paludism, leaves of Ficus sycomorus, Trema orientalis, décoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ghana (Ashanti region)
Vernacular name : sesea
Reference HK 72
Author(s) : Kpodar, M., S. D. Karou, G. Katawa, K. Anani, H. E. Gbekley, Y. Adjrah, T. Tchacondo, K. Batawila, J. Simpore
Title : An ethnobotanical study of plants used to treat liver diseases in the Maritime region of Togo Journal of Ethnopharmacology 181, 263–273 (2016)
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, decoction of the whole plant of Trema guineensis
Region : West Africa
Country : Maritime region of Togo
Vernacular name : waza-waza
Reference HL 13
Author(s) : Lavergne, R. & R. Véra
Title : Etude ethnobotanique des plantes utilisées dans la pharmacopée traditionnelle à la Réunion. Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 236 p., (1989)
Symptoms : H(003), H(006), H(104), H(135), H(163)
Recipes : H(003), H(163), decoction 3 to 4 leaves in 1 l. H2O , VO., 2 X / week, during 2 to 3 months
H(006) + H(104) gastro-enteritis little childs (tambave), 1 heart, infusion in 1 cup of boiling H2O + somes drops castor oil or olive oil
H(135), infusion ending of flowery stems, VO.
H(135), powder of carbonized heart, + H2O, VO.
H(163), decoction of 30 leaves Trema orientalis + Rosmarinus officinalis + Cinnamomum camphora , VO.
H(008y) tambave, herbal tea of Gouania mauritiana (liana Montbrun), Coffea mauritiana (Café marron), Psathura borbonica (Bois cassant), heart of Dracaena reflexa (Bois of Chandelle), Doratoxylon apetalum (Bois of gaulette), liana lait ?, Viscum triflorum (Souri chaude), Trema orientalis (Bois d'Andrèze)
Region : Reunion
Country : Reunion
Vernacular name : bois d'andrèze, andrèze, bois d'endèze
Reference HM 02
Author(s) : Mapi, J.
Title : Contribution à l'étude éthnobotanique et analyses chimiques de quelques plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle dans la région de Nkongsamba (Moungo). Thèse de Doctorat, 3ème cycle, Université de Yaoundé, (1988) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10) and ref. HT 12
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, leaves of Trema orientalis, to pound in palm oil, VO. + salt for adults
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HM 03
Author(s) : Motte, E.
Title : Les plantes chez les pygmées Aka et les Monzombo de la Lobaye (Centrafrique). Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), 574 p., (1980)
Symptoms : H(001), H(091), H(111)
Recipes : H(001) cataract, leaves of Trema orientalis, to pound (H2O), drops in eyes
H(091) delay in the pedestrian function, sap leaves of Trema., drops in eyes
H(111), leaves of Trema., to dry, powder, powder on
Region : Central Africa
Country : Central African Republic
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HM 2k
Author(s) : Mbuya, L.P. , H.P. Msanga, C.K. Ruffo, A. Birnie & B. Tengnäs
Title : The useful trees and shrubs for Tanzania.Identification, propagation and management for agricultural and pastoral communities.Regional soil Conservation Unit .Swedish International Development Authority. Technical handbook n° 6, 540 p., (1994)The Manager national tree seed project.Morogoro, Tanzania, P.O. Box 4012
Symptoms : H(037), H(068), H(093)
Recipes : H(093), the leaves is reported to be an antidote to poison in general, RNS.
H(068), both bark and leave use for deworming, RNS.
H(037), cough medicine RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HM 32
Author(s) : Magassouba, F.B., A. Dialloa, M. Kouyaté, F. Mara, O.Bangoura, A. Camara, S. Traoré, A.K. Diall, G. Camara, S. Traoré, A. Keita, M.K. Camara, R. Barry, S. Keita, K. Oularé, M.S. Barry, M. Donzo, K. Camara, K. Toté, D. Vanden Berghe, J. Totté, L.. Pieters, A.J. Vlietinck, A.M. Baldé
Title : Ethnobotanical survey and antibacterial activity of some plants used in Guinean traditional medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 114, pp. 44 - 53 (2007)
Symptoms : H(045)
Recipes : H(045, 1) antiseptic, again infection, leaves of Trema guineensis, to steep in H2O, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Guinea Conakry
Vernacular name : sangban yiri fölö
Reference HM 40
Author(s) : Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otieno, Pamela K. Mbabazi, Anke Weisheit
Title : The Ethnomedicine of the Haya people of Bugabo ward, Kagera Region, north western Tanzania Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 5:24 (2009) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-24 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/5/1/24
Symptoms : H(051x), H(152)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, H(152) low levels of haemoglobin, leaves of Trema orientalis of Combretum collinum and Erythrina abbyssinica are pounded and boiled and the decoction used to treat yellow fever. An infusion from the leaf is used as a haematinic
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region, Bugabo ward)
Vernacular name : omuwuwe, omuuwe
Reference HM 42
Author(s) : Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otieno, Pamela K. Mbabazi, Anke Weisheit
Title : Ethnomedicine of the Kagera Region, north western Tanzania. Part 2: The medicinal plants of Katoro Ward, Bukoba District Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2010, 6:19 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-6-19 + Additional file
Symptoms : H(015z), H(051x)
Recipes : H(015z) haematinic, infusion of the leaves of Trema orientalis is drank
H(051x) yellow fever, leaves of Trema orientalisare pounded and boiled with the leaves of Combretum collinum and Erythrina abbyssinica, and decoction VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Kagera Region)
Vernacular name : omuuwe
Reference HM 42c
Author(s) : Mainen J. Moshi, Donald F. Otienoi, Anke Weisheit
Title : Ethnomedicine of the Kagera Region, north western Tanzania. Part 3: plants used in traditional medicine in Kikuku village, Muleba District Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2012, 8:14 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-8-14 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/8/1/14
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(051x) yellow fever, leaves of Trema orientalis are pounded, decoction with the leaves of Combretum collinum and Erythrina abbyssinica, VO.
H(091) haematinic(anémia), infusion made from the leaves, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Muleba District)
Vernacular name : muge (Kikuku)
Reference HM 68
Author(s) : Mchangama, M. et P. Salaün
Title : Recueil d’une pharmacopée à Mayotte: Le savoir sur les plantes médicinales de Maoulida Mchangama Langues, savoirs et pouvoirs dans l'océan Indien occidental http://oceanindien.revues.org/1770
Symptoms : H(030)
Recipes : H(030) retention placenta, herbal tea with the leaves or the bark of Trema orientalis, VO. when the contractions succeed one another but the delivery (placenta) does not come
Region : Mayotte
Country : Mayotte
Vernacular name : ambesi(Kibushi)
Reference HN 01
Author(s) : Nyakabwa, M. & W. Dibaluka
Title : Plantes médicinales cultivées dans la zone de Kabondo à Kisangani (Zaïre). African study monographs, 11, 2, 87 - 99, (1990)
Symptoms : H(031), H(038), H(103), H(104)
Recipes : H(031), H(104), leaves of Trema orientalis, RNS., VO.
H(038), H(104), barks of the underground part of Trema orientalis, decoction (H2O), enema
H(103), stem without leaves of Trema., to carbonize, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name : fefele (Kibali), mbangumbe, ngumbangumba (Kiboa), besibesi (Swahili)
Reference HN 03
Author(s) : Nyakabwa, M. & R. Gapusi
Title : Plantes médicinales utilisées chez les Banyamulenge de Fizi au Sud-Kivu (Zaïre). African study monographs, 11, 2, 101 - 114, (1990)
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012), barks, maceration H2O, dressing of wounds
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (South - Kivu)
Vernacular name : umuhepfu
Reference HN 15
Author(s) : Natabou Dégbé, F.
Title : Contribution à l'étude de la médecine et de la Pharmacopée traditionnelles au Bénin: Tentatives d'intégration dans le système de santé officiel. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur en Pharmacie de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop (Diplôme d'état), 138 p., Juillet 1991
Symptoms : H(007), H(055), H(068), H(093), H(096)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, leaves of Trema guineensis, RNS.
H(055) emetic, twigs with leaves, RNS. large dosis
H(068) vermifuge, H(093) antidote, H(096), twigs with leaves, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Benin
Vernacular name : aza (Sahoué), waza waza (Watchi), hélitin (Kotafon), tièouki (Peuhl), djividjivi, koklodotin (Fon), félé, aflétin (Goun), afoforo, aféré, amokoré (Yoruba), ikpido (Adja)
Reference HN 36
Author(s) : Nsimundele, L.
Title : Répertoire des plantes médicinales des régions côtieres du Mayumbe et du Bas-Congo,1966-1968. Unpublished notes of Léopold Nsimundele, Bureau chief forester / Inéac Luki, National Institute for Agronomic Study of Congo
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothaches, bark, leaves, infusion of Trema orientalis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lukaya and Cataractes)
Vernacular name : kidienuni, mundia nunio, nsenge nsenge (Kikongo and Kiyombe)
Reference HN 42
Author(s) : Nicolas J.-P.
Title : Plantes médicinales du Nord de Madagascar. Ethnobotanique antakarana et informations scientifiques 296 p. (2012) Editions Jardins du monde 15, rue saint Michel - 29 190 Brasparts www.jardinsdumonde.org
Symptoms : H(003), H(027y), H(124)
Recipes : H(003) hematomas or H(124) hemorrhage after accident, decoction, local application
H(027y) after childbirth, decoction of leaves of Trema orientalis to clean the matrix by removing the clotted blood.
Region : Madagascar
Country : North Madagascar
Vernacular name : andrarezo, angezoko (Antakarana) , andrareza, angesoka, tsilaibaratra, vakoka (Malgache) , andrèze, bois d’Andrèze (French) , nettle tree, pigeon wood (English)
Reference HO 10
Author(s) : Odugbemi, T. O., O. R. Akinsulire, I. E. Aibinu & P. O. Fabeku
Title : Medicinal plants useful for malaria therapy in Okeigbo Ondo state, Southwest Nigeria African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines Volume 4 (2): 191 - 198 (2007) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2816451/
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, leaves and barks of Trema orientalis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria, Ondo state
Vernacular name : afefe (Okeigbo)
Reference HP 04
Author(s) : Pernet, R. & G. Meyer
Title : Pharmacopée de Madagascar Publication de l'Institut de Recherche scientifique, Tananarive - Tsimbazaza, 86 p., (1957)
Symptoms : H(004), H(008), H(013), H(015), H(037), H(051), H(076), H(091), H(100), H(103), H(104)
Recipes : H(004), leaves, H(015), RNS.
H(008), H(051) paludism, H(076), H(103), H(104), barks, RNS.
H(013) , H(091), ONS., RNS.
H(037), stems, leaves, RNS.
H(100) syph., roots, buds, RNS.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HP 05
Author(s) : Polygenis - Bigendako, M.-J.
Title : Recherches ethnopharmacognosiques sur les plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle au Burundi occidental. Thèse présentée en vue de l'obtention du grade de Docteur en sciences, année acad. 1989 - 1990, Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Botanique Systématique et de Phytosociologie, 352 p., (1990)
Symptoms : H(008), H(068), H(201)
Recipes : H(008) diar., leaves, decoction (H2O) , VO.
H(068), leaves, decoction (H2O) , enema
H(201) madness, abaganza, amashinga, abavyeyi, leaves, decoction (H2O) , VO.
(abaganza = mysterious illness from marsh spirits , headache, eructation, mental confusion. Cured the patient will be initiated to practices in order to be a healer)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi (Occidental)
Vernacular name : umugwampore (Kirundi)
Reference HR 05
Author(s) : Rasoanaivo, P., A. Petitjean, S. Ratsimamanga-Urverg & A. Rakoto-Ratsimamanga
Title : Medicinal plants used to treat malaria in Madagascar. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 37, pp. 117 - 127, (1992) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1434686
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, stems, leaves, decoction, VO.
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HR 10
Author(s) : Rivière, C., J.-P. Nicolas, M.-L. Caradec, O. Désiré & A. Schmitt
Title : Les plantes médicinales de la région nord de Madagascar : Une approche ethnopharmacologique Ethnopharmacologia, n°36, novembre, pp. 36 - 50. (2005) http://www.ethnopharmacologia.org/default.asp?page=revue Bulletin de la société française d'ethnopharmacologie et de la société européenne d'ethnopharmacologie
Symptoms : H(027y)
Recipes : H(027y), leaves decoction, external use
Region : Madagascar
Country : Madagascar (North region)
Vernacular name : angezoko
Reference HR 11
Author(s) : Raponda-Walker, A. & R. Sillans
Title : Les Plantes utiles du Gabon. Encyclopédie biologique. Editions Paul Lechevalier, 12 rue de Tournon, Paris VI, 478 p. (1961)
Symptoms : H(055)
Recipes : H(055), leaves infusion
H(075) aperitive, lack of appetite, leaves of Trema orientalis chopped and cooked with Arachis hypogaea, VO.
H(201) women relevailles, bathroom with leaf infusion
Region : West Africa
Country : Gabon
Vernacular name : igogongé (Mpongwè), ivèvèzu (Galoa), mbulu-mandji (Nkomi), tsèngè-mandji (Orungu), évesèc, évèzeghe (Fang), déwisikè (Bakèlè), divèsèko (Béséki), muvèrivèsi (Bavili), mutèndya (Ngowé), musosobi (Eshira, Bavarama, Bavungu, Bapunu, Balumbu), nsosobi (Loango), mosasa (Mitsogo, Ivéa, Bavové), mbèsu (Apindji), mwala, mokangala (Mindumu), udibè (Benga)
Reference HR 18
Author(s) : Razafindraibe, M., A. R.Kuhlman, H. Rabarison, V. Rakotoarimanana, C.Rajeriarison, N. Rakotoarivelo, T.Randrianarivony, F. Rakotoarivony, R. Ludovic, A. Randrianasolo, R. W. Bussmann
Title : Medicinal plants used by women from Agnalazaha littoral forest (Southeastern Madagascar) Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:22 (2006) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/73
Symptoms : H(030), H(103)
Recipes : H(030) evacuation of the placenta, H(103) dental disease, leaves of Trema orientalis, RNS. (Medicinal plants used by women mainly near and around Agnalazaha littoral forest)
Region : Madagascar
Country : Southeastern Madagascar (Agnalazaha Forest)
Vernacular name : andrarezina / vakoky
Reference HS 06
Author(s) : Staner, P. & R. Boutique
Title : Matériaux pour l'étude des plantes médicinales indigènes du Congo Belge. Mém. Institut royal colonial belge, Section des Sc. naturelles et médicales,Collection in-8°, fasc. 6 et dernier, 228 p., (1937)
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) blen., ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Katanga, Equator)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HS 11
Author(s) : Sugiyama, Y. & J. Koman
Title : The flora of Bossou: its utilization by chimpanzees and humans. African study monographs, 13, 3, 127 - 169, (1992)
Symptoms : H(172)
Recipes : H(172) filariosis, leaves, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Guinea ( Bossou region)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HS 23
Author(s) : Simbo, D. J.
Title : An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Babungo, Northwest Region, Cameroon Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 6:8 (2010) + Additional file of: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Babungo, Northwest Region, Cameroon Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 6:8 (2010)
Symptoms : H(034)
Recipes : H(034) irregular heart beat, VO. decoction of leaves and stem bark of Trema orientalis
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroun
Vernacular name : fai (Babungo)
Reference HS 44
Author(s) : Sequeira, V.
Title : Medicinal plants and conservation in Sao Tome Biodiversity and Conservation 3, 910-926 (1994)
Symptoms : H(006), H(027v), H(100)
Recipes : H(006) diarrhoea, bark, root of Trema guineensis, infusion, VO.
H(027v) pre-natal pain, bark, infusion, VO.
H(100) venereal disease, bark, leaves, roots of Trema guineensis, infusion, VO.
Region : Sao Tome
Country : Sao Tome
Vernacular name : pau cabra
Reference HT 18
Author(s) : Tsabang, N. & al.
Title : Inventaire des plantes à vertus antidiabétiques dans la région de Yaounde au Cameroun. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 15, 87 - 94, (2001)
Symptoms : H(034), H(113), H(171)
Recipes : H(171, 3), fresh leaves, slowly cooked, massage feets and / or arms
H(171, 3) + H((034, 3) + H(113, 3), 500 gr barks, infusion in 1 l. H2O during 15', VO. 1/2 glass 4X /day
Region : West Africa
Country : Cameroon (Yaounde region)
Vernacular name : tafang (Bamikele), aveeg (Ewondo), leveeg (Eton)
Reference HT 20
Author(s) : Terrac, M.-L.
Title : Contribution à l'étude des plantes médicinales de Madagascar, de la Réunion et de l'île Maurice. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur de l'Université de Paris (Pharmacie), Novembre 1947. Imprimerie Vuibert, 6 rue Martel, Paris, 246 p., (1947)
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(088), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : H(008), H(051), H(088), H(104), barks, RNS.
H(007), H(088), leaves, RNS., VO., cataplasm, gargle
H(100) syph, roots, young buds with resin, RNS.
H(104) ulcer, affectionj tube digestif
(registered from references HT 20 - 3, HT 20 - 4, HT 20 - 5, HT 20 - 6, HT 20 - 8)
Region : Madagascar, Reunion, Mauritius
Country : Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HT 21
Author(s) : Tra Bi Fézan, H.
Title : Utilisations des plantes, par l'homme, dans les forêts classées du Haut-Sassandra et de Scio, en Côte-d'Ivoire. Thèse de Doctorat, 3ème cycle, Université de Cocody-Abidjan, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, (1997)
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, leaves of Trema guineensis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast (forest of Scio)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HT 21
Author(s) : Tra Bi Fézan, H.
Title : Utilisations des plantes, par l'homme, dans les forêts classées du Haut-Sassandra et de Scio, en Côte-d'Ivoire. Thèse de Doctorat, 3ème cycle, Université de Cocody-Abidjan, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, (1997)
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) tuberculosis, barks of Trema guineensis, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast (forest of Haut-Sassandra)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HT 40
Author(s) : Tra Bi Fézan, H., G. M. Irié, K C.C. N’GAMAN & C.H.B. Mohou
Title : Études de quelques plantes thérapeutiques utilisées dans le traitement de l’hypertension artérielle et du diabète : deux maladies émergentes en Côte d’Ivoire Sciences & Nature Vol. 5 N°1 : 39 - 48 (2008) http://www.ajol.info/index.php/scinat/article/viewFile/42150/9278
Symptoms : H(051), H(091), H(151)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(091) anemia, ONS., RNS.
H(151) hypertension, decoction of leaves of Trema orientalis
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast (Abidjan town)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HV 54
Author(s) : Van der Veen, L.J., S. Bodinga-bwa-Bodinga
Title : Une société traditionnelle noire africaine et ses plantes utiles : les Eviya du Gabon Document submitted for publication http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/fulltext/Van der Veen/Van der Veen_à paraître_a.pdf
Symptoms : H(027y), H(055), H(075)
Recipes : H(027y) ablutions post-natales, leaves decoction of Trema guineensis
H(055) vomitive, leaves infusion, RNS.
H(075) lack of appetite, chopped leaves and cooked with peanuts with des arachides
Region : West Africa
Country : Gabon (Eviya habitat)
Vernacular name : (mo-)sasa , (Eviya language)
Reference HW 05
Author(s) : Wome, B.
Title : Recherches ethnopharmacognosiques sur les plantes médicinales utilisées en médecine traditionnelle à Kisangani (Haut-Zaïre). Thèse de doctorat, Université libre de Bruxelles, Fac. Sc., 561 p., (1985)
Symptoms : H(000), H(004), H(045), H(012), H(013), H(037), H(068), H(090), H(103), H(109)
Recipes : H(004) wound, H(045), stem without leaves of Trema., to carbonize, local application
H(012)), leaves of Trema., friction
H(012)), stems with leaves of Trema., to carbonize, scarifications
H(013) abscess gums, leaves of Trema., to softened by the heat of fire, local application, massage
H(037), young leaves of Trema., to pound, juice, VO.
H(068) intestinal worm, H(109) lumbar, leaves of Trema., to pound, to macerate (H2O), enema
H(090), stem without leaves of Trema., to cook, VO.
H(103) decayed tooth, stem without leaves of Trema., to carbonize, local application, scarifications
H(000) (mwanamimba), leaves of Trema orientalis, seeds of Aframomum sanguineum, to pound, juice, VO. + local salt
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Kisangani)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference VB 02
Author(s) : Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title : Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms : V(028), V(036)
Recipes : Vb(028,1), leaves, juice,VO.
Vb(036,1), leaves, juice,VO., drops in ears, Guizotia scabra + Zehneria scabra + Geniosporum rotundifolium + Ocimum basilicum + Dodonaea viscosa + Trema orientalis
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name : umugwampore, umuhefu (Kirundi)
Reference VB 36
Author(s) : Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title : Lexique et recueil des quelques pratiques en ethno-pharmacopée agro-vétérinaire au Kivu. Plate forme Diobass au Kivu, 118p. (juin 2005)
Symptoms : V(012), V(012), V(076)
Recipes : Vb(076) glossitis (ivunja), leaves dough of Trema orientalis and of ashes of a snake head (Naja), inciser the tong and local application
Vpc(012), branches to fix the broken bones + to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Maesa lanceolata of Trema orientalis of Leea guineensis, dough, local application
Vc(012), branches to fix the broken bones + to pound 1 handfull of leaves of Maesa lanceolata of Trema orientalis of Leea guineensis, dough, local application
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kivu)
Vernacular name : mushakushaku (Mashi), musegusegu, nawishomeka (Lega), musheusheu (Kitembo), umuhepfu, musonsoli (Kinyarwanda), musenseu (Bembe)
Reference VC 19
Author(s) : Chifundera K.
Title : Livestock diseases and the traditional medicine in the Bushi area, Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 19 (1) : 13 -33, May 1998
Symptoms : V(003), V(006) + V(104), V(012), V(025), V(070), V(113), V(117), V(201)
Recipes : Vb(003) sprain (bulabuke), Vb(012) fracture (buvune), Vb(113) rheumatism, arthritis (ihasha), powdered leaves of Trema orientalis and stem and root barks of Cordyline terminalis are crushed and mixed with te oil of Ricinus communis for local application
Vb(006) + Vb(104) gastro-enteritis (kadurha), crushed leaves of Ficus thonningii of Ficus exasperata, barks stems of Myrica kandtiana, maceration (H2O) + fruits infusion of Phaseolus vulgaris, VO.
Vb(006) + Vb(104) gastro-enteritis (kadurha), Vb(025) babesiosis (mududu), Vb(117) (isirhe), crushed leaves of Berkheya spekeana of Bothriocline ugandensis of Cinchona ledgeriana of Ensete ventricosum of Harungana madagascariensis of Hydrocotyle mannii of Hypericum revolutum of Lagenaria abyssinica of Lobelia mildbraedii of Mukia maderaspatana of Nicotiana tabacum of Piper capense of Plectranthus barbatus of Pycnostachys rici-rosenii of Trema orientalis, maceration (1 l. H2O), VO. + sometimes for enhancing the effect, powder of fruits of Sorghum bicolor
Vb(070), H(117), Vb(201) madness, (isirhe), the plants of Acrocephalus galeopsifolium of Andropogon canaliculatus of Astripomoea grantii of Berkheya spekeana of Bothriocline ugandensis of Celosia trigyna of Cinchona ledgeriana of Clerodendrum rotundifolium of Ficus lutea of Ficus sur of Harungana madagascariensis of Hydrocotyle mannii of Koschya africana of Lagenaria abyssinica of Leucas deflexa of Lobelia mildbraedii of Mukia maderaspatana of Nicotiana tabacum of Piper capense of Plectranthus barbatus of Pycnostachys erici-rosenii of Setaria megaphylla of Tagetes minuta of Trema orientalis of Vernonia jugalis, maceration (1 l. H2O), VO., 1 dosein the morning
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kivu province - Bushi area-
Vernacular name : muhevu, mushakushaku, nyabwifomeke
Reference VD 03
Author(s) : Defour, G.
Title : Plantes médicinales traditionnelles au Kivu (République du Zaïre), (1994) Documentation du Sous-Réseau PRÉLUDE
Symptoms : V(003), V(006), V(012), V(094)
Recipes : V(003), massage with leaves, ashes of roots with oil
V(006), juice ofleaves, RNS.
V(012), fractures, massage with leaves, ashes of roots with oil
V(065), suc of leaves, RNS.
V(117), ONS., RNS.
V(121), juice of leaves, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi, South - Kivu)
Vernacular name : mushakushaku (shi)
Reference VG 1k
Author(s) : Gachathi, F.N.
Title : Kikuyu botanical dictionary of plant names and uses. Publication supported by GTZ , (1989)The print shop, P.O. Box 24576, Nairobi.
Symptoms : V(106)
Recipes : V(106)insect repulsive, barks, RNS.
Nota: candy for the cattle
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya
Vernacular name : not registered