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Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae

116 reference(s) related to this plant

Reference HA 00
Author(s) : Adam, J.G., N. Echard & M. Lescot
Title : Plantes médicinales Hausa de l'Ader (République du Niger). Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 19, 259 - 399, (1972)
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(020), H(031), H(043), H(056), H(094)
Recipes : H(004), Cadaba farinosa + Ximenia americana +Dichrostachys glomerata, powder from roots, 1 part in local application,1 part in maceration, VO.
H(013) , Ximenia americana + Sclerocarya birrea , ONS., RNS.
H(020), bark or roots, powder, VO. in milk
H(020), barks of Ximenia americana +Tephrosya platycarpa + Sclerocarya birrea , powder, VO. in H2O
H(031), leaves, powder, VO. in H2O or milk
H(056) Guinea worms, leaves, powder, VO. in H2O or milk
H(043), Ximenia americana + Dicoma tomentosa + Anogeissus leiocarpus barks + buter in suppository, or V.O. in millet porridge
H(094),Lannea acida , Ximenia americana , barks powder, local application or V.O. + fresh milk in millet porridge or barks, maceration, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Niger
Vernacular name : tswada
Reference HA 03
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi, A. Akoegninou, J. d'Almeida, F. Apovo, K. Boukef, M. Chadare, G. Gusset, K. Dramane, J. Eyme, J. - N. Gassita, N. Gbaguidi, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, P. Houngnon, Issa Lo, A. Keita, H. V. Kiniffo, D. Kone - Bamba, A. Musampa Nseyya, M. Saadou, Th. Sodogandji, S. de Souza, A. Tchabi, C. Zinsou Dossa, TH. Zohoun
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques en République populaire du Bénin. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 895 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(051), H(099)
Recipes : H(051), leaves of Annona senegalensis, stem with leaves of Ximenia americana, RNS.
H(099) epilepsy, barks of the underground part of Trichillia emetica, ripe fruit of Ximenia americana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Benin
Vernacular name : gorokou, sonmounorou (Bariba)
Reference HA 06
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, L. Ake Assi , L. Dan Dicko, H. Daouda, M. Delmas, S. de Souza, M. Garba, S. Guinko, A. Kayonga, D. N'Glo, J.-L. Reynal, M. Saadou
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Niger. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 250 p., (1980) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(050)
Recipes : H(050) swelling of the abdomen, barks stem, branch, trunk of Lannea acida of Lannea microcarpa of Bombax costatum of Ximenia americana, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(050) swelling of the abdomen, leaves of Ximenia., to pound, to macerate (H2O), VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Niger
Vernacular name : tsâdâ, mararuwu (Hausa), moraye (Zarma), thiabuli (Peuhl)
Reference HA 07
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., V. Adjakidje, M.R.A. Ahyi, K. Akpagana, P. Chibon, A. El - Hadji, J. Eyme, M. Garba, , J. - N. Gassita, M. Gbeassor, E. Goudote, S. Guinko, K. - K. Hodouto, P. Houngnon, A. Keita, Y. Keoula, W. P. Kluga - Ocloo, I. Lo, K. M. Siamevi, K. K. Taffame
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Togo. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 671 p., (1986) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(104), H(170)
Recipes : H(104), roots of Ximenia., to pound, decoction (H2O), to dilute, VO. + mil pasta
H(170), leaves of Lasiosiphon krausssianus de Ximenia americana de Piliostigma thonningii de Strychnos spinosa, decoction (H2O), to wash
Region : West Africa
Country : Togo
Vernacular name : léang (Yanga), wongag (Moba)
Reference HA 10
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., L. Ake Assi
Title : Contribution au recensement des plantes médicinales de Côte d'Ivoire. Centre Nat. Florist. Univ. Abidjan, 358 p., (1979)
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) inflammation of the conjunctivita, roots, leaves of Ximenia americana, decoction (H2O), to wash
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HA 11
Author(s) : Adjanohoun, E., M.R.A. Ahyi, J.J. Floret , S. Guinko, M. Koumaré, A. M. R. Ahyi, J. Raynal
Title : Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques et floristiques au Mali. Agence de coopération culturelle et technique, (A.C.C.T.), Paris, 291 p., (1981) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014), eczema, dermatosis, psoriasis, ONS. of Cassia absus of Ximenia americana, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HA 1k
Author(s) : Ainslie, J.R.
Title : A list of plants used in native medicine in Nigeria. Imperial Forestry Institute.University of Oxford, Institute Paper, n° 7, (1937)
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(109)
Recipes : H(006), fruit, RNS.
H(006), seeds, RNS.
H(008), decoction roots, RNS.
H(109), fermented leaves RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : ego
Reference HA 22
Author(s) : Arnold, H.-J. & M. Gulumian
Title : Pharmacopoeia of traditional medicine in Venda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 12, pp. 35 -74, (1984) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874184900862
Symptoms : H(015y), H(033)
Recipes : H(015y), root, infus, VO., 2X / day
H(033), roots, decoction to prepare porridge, roots of Maerua caffra (gwambazi - mukundulela) + Sphedamnocarpus galphimiifolius subsp. galphimiifolius (tsimambe) + Tabernaemontana elegans (mahatu) + Ximenia caffra + Cassytha filiformis
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mutanzwa - tanzwane(Luvenda)
Reference HA 29 d
Author(s) : M. Ichikawa
Title : The Suiei Ndorobo, the hunter-gatherers in the Mathew's Range of northern Kenya in : AFLORA on the Web (http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Symptoms : H(008), H(095)
Recipes : H(008), bark soaked in water and used as medicine for diarrhea; bark tastes "kemototo" (astringent taste)
H(095), fruit eaten raw
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Northern)
Vernacular name : laamai (Dorobo) (Suiei)
Reference HA 29 g
Author(s) : Tanaka, J.
Title : The Central Kalahari Bushmen (|Gui and ||Gana) in Botswana, collected by J. Tanaka from 1966. in : AFLORA on the Web (http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Symptoms : H(095), H(202)
Recipes : H(095), berry, sour plum of Ximenia americana are edible
H(202) seeds produce an oil which is used as a cosmetic.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (central Kalahari)
Vernacular name : g/ubi=/ori (Bushman)
Reference HA 34
Author(s) : Aberra Geyid, Dawit Abebe, Asfaw Debella, Zewdneh Makonnen, Frehiwot Aberra, Frehiwot Teka, Tesfaye Kebede, Kelbessa Urga, Kidist Yersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta GutaYersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta Guta
Title : Screening of some medicinal plants of Ethiopia for their anti-microbial properties and chemical profiles. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 97, pp. 421-427 ( 2005)
Symptoms : H(068), H(070), H(100), H(118)
Recipes : H(068) amoebiasis, H(068) vermifuge, H(070) rabies, H(100) gonorrhoea, H(118) sore throat, leaves, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : enkoy
Reference HA 35
Author(s) : Adamu Harami M. , O.J. Abayeh, M.O. Agho, A.L. Abdullahi, A. Uba, H.U. Dukku & and B.M. WufemTesfaye Kebede, Kelbessa Urga, Kidist Yersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta GutaYersaw, Teklele Biza, Bisrat Haile Mariam & Mulugeta Guta
Title : An ethnobotanical survey of Bauchi State herbal plants and their antimicrobial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Volume 97, pp. 421-427 ( 2005)
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, adache, whole plant, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Bauchi state)
Vernacular name : tsa’ada
Reference HA 36
Author(s) : Amusan, O. O. G., P. S. Dlamini, J. D. Msonthi & L. P. Makhubu
Title : Some herbal remedies from Manzini region of Swaziland. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 79, pp. 109 - 112, (2002) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874101003816
Symptoms : H(001), H(112)
Recipes : H(001), grind 30 gr roots + 1 L. warm H2O and sieve, a drop of the mixture daily to the eye
H(112) abortion, grind together 50 gr each of barks and roots to powder + 1 L. warm water, VO. 1 tablespoon 3 X / day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Swaziland, Manzini region)
Vernacular name : umtfundvuluka
Reference HA 37
Author(s) : Abbink, J.
Title : Medicinal and ritual plants of the Ethiopian southwest : an account of recent research. Article on Internethttp (1995) ://www.nuffic.nl/ciran/ikdm/3-2/articles/abbink.html Indigenous knowledge and development monitor (http://www.nufficcs.nl/ciran/ikdm/ )
Symptoms : H(004), H(045)
Recipes : H(004), oil of Ximenia americana used by Suri applied on skin cuts
H(045) , oil of Ximenia americana used after bone surgery to prevent infections
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Dizi, Suri & Me'en tribes)
Vernacular name : lomay (Suri), orsu (Dizi)
Reference HA 56
Author(s) : Ambé, G.A
Title : Les fruits sauvages comestibles des savanes guinéennes de Côte-d’Ivoire : état de la connaissance par une population locale, les Malinké. Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 2001 5 (1), 43–58
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) fleshy fruits of Ximenia americana eaten raw
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast
Vernacular name : gbéni (Dioula)
Reference HB 04
Author(s) : Bouquet, A. & M. Debray
Title : Plantes médicinales de la Côte d'Ivoire. Travaux et Documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, n° 32, 232 p., (1974)
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(126)
Recipes : H(008), H(051), H(126), ONS. of Ximenia americana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HB 08
Author(s) : Bally, P.R.O.
Title : Native medicinal and poisonous plants of East Africa. Kew Bull., 1, 10 - 25, (1937)
Symptoms : H(006), H(051)
Recipes : H(006) purgative., roots of Ximenia americana, RNS.
H(051), roots, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : East Africa
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HB 21
Author(s) : Boulesteix, M. & S. Guinko
Title : Plantes médicinales utilisées par les Gbayas dans la région de Bouar (Empire Centrafricain). Quatrième colloque du Conseil africain de Malgache pour l'enseignement supérieur (C.A.M.E.S.), Libreville, Gabon, 23 - 52, (1979)
Symptoms : H(001), H(068), H(116)
Recipes : H(001), buds, decoction, drops in eyes
H(068) bilh., roots, decoction, VO.
H(116), roots of Gardenia ternifolia, Cissus rufescens, Ximenia americana, decoction, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Central African Republic (ex Central african empire)
Vernacular name : mirri (Gbaya dialecte Bossangoa)
Reference HB 25M
Author(s) : Bossard, E.
Title : La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms : H(003), H(018), H(051), H(175x)
Recipes : H(003) contusion, fruit oil is mixed with leaves powder of Ximenia americana, unction
H(018) cephalalgy, powder of the leaves, to snuff
H(051), fever, 3 pinchs of the powder of the roots bark, potion, VO.
H(175x) cosmetic, body and hairs, oil of the nuts
Region : West Africa
Country : Angola (regions of Hufla)
Vernacular name : (u/olu) meke (Umbundu)
Reference HB 25M
Author(s) : Bossard, E.
Title : La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms : H(014), H(076), H(091), H(103), H(143), H(196)
Recipes : H(014) itch, to pound the leaves of Ximenia americana, powder, local application
H(076) mouth illness, to chew the pounded leaves, or a fruit mixed with ashes and H2O
H(091) anemia, pounded roots, maceration, VO.
H(103) caries, to chew the pounded leaves, to spit
H(143) smallpox, friction of the body with pounded leaves
H(196) scurvy, ONS., RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Angola (regions of Benguela, Ganda)
Vernacular name : (olo) meke (Umbundu), (olo) menga-menga, ameixieira do Brasil (Portuguese)
Reference HB 26M
Author(s) : Bonnefoux, Benedicto Marius (R.P.)
Title : Plantes médicinales du Hufla. Manuscrits n° 1 et n°2 (Congrégation do Espirito Santo), 1885-1937. Registrated by Bossard, E. in ref. HB 25M
Symptoms : H(003), H(018), H(051), H(175x)
Recipes : H(003) swelling, almond oil mixed with the powder of the leaves, local application
H(018) sick headache, leaves, to snuff
H(051) fever, 3 pinch of the root bark in a drink
H(175x) almond oil as cosmetic
Region : West Africa
Country : Angola (region of Hufla)
Vernacular name : (u / olu) meke (Umubundu)
Reference HB 31
Author(s) : Bah, S., D. Diallo, S. Dembélé, B.S. Paulsen
Title : Ethnopharmacological survey of plants used for the treatment of schistosomiasis in Niono district, Mali. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 105, 387-399, (2006) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105007968
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis, decoction, powder of the aerian part of Stylosanthes erecta of Peritrophe bicalyculata, roots of Ximenia americana, barks of Ficus platyphylla, roots barks of Ziziphus mucronata, fruit of Xylopia aethiopica, VO. 1 teacup 2 X / day during 3 days
H(068) urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis, roots of Ximenia americana,aerian part of Euphorbia hirta, decoction, VO., 2 coffee spoons for childs, 2 table spoons for adulte, 3 X / day during 8 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (Niono district)
Vernacular name : n'tonguè (Bambara)
Reference HB 35
Author(s) : Bussmann R. W., G. G. Gilbreath, J. Solio, M. Lutura, R. Lutuluo, K. Kunguru, N. Wood and S. Mathenge
Title : Plant use of the Masasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya. Additional file Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:22 (2006)
Symptoms : H(095), H(135)
Recipes : H(095), ripe fruit eaten
H(135), boil branch for the young to drink, this is good for digestion
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : lamania (Maa)
Reference HB 37M
Author(s) : Bossard, E.
Title : Quelques notes sur l'alimentation et les apports nutritionnels occultes en Angola. Garcia de Orta, Sér. Bot., Lisboa, 13 (1), 7 - 41 (1996)
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) occasional food complement, fruit of Ximenia americana
Region : West Africa
Country : Angola (regions of Planalto and littoral))
Vernacular name : (olo)sambiambia, (u; olu; o)meke, (o; olu)mengamenga (Umubumbu), ameixeira-do-Brasil (Portuguese)
Reference HB 38
Author(s) : Belem, B, B. M. I. Nacoulma, R. Gbangou, S. Kambou, H. H. Hansen, Q. Gausset, S. Lund, A. Raebild, D. Lompo, M. Ouedraogo, I. Theilade & I. J. Boussim
Title : Use of Non Wood Forest Products by local people bordering the “Parc National Kaboré Tambi”, Burkina Faso. The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies vol. 6, no. 1, (2007) + Additional file
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095, f) edible fruit species of Ximenia americana
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina Faso, Center South region (National Park of Kaboré Tambi)
Vernacular name : leenga
Reference HB 43
Author(s) : Blench, R.
Title : Dagomba plant names (Preliminary circulation draft) Published on WWW. (2006) http://www.rogerblench.info/Ethnoscience%20data/Dagbani%20plant%20names.pdf
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) fruits of Ximenia americana, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ghana (Northern region)
Vernacular name : lìlíŋga (Dagomba)
Reference HC 13d
Author(s) : Chabra, S.C., R.L.A. Mahunnah & E.N. Mshiu
Title : Plants used in traditional medicine in Eastern Tanzania.IV. Angiosperms (Mimosaceae to Papilionaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 29, pp. 295 - 323, (1990)
Symptoms : H(027z), H(157)
Recipes : H(027z), infusion in H2O powdered dried rootbark
H(157), child, VO. decoction roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (East)
Vernacular name : lusasalwake (Zigua), mtundwa (Sukuma)
Reference HC 24a
Author(s) : Cheikhyoussef, A., M. Shapi, H. Mu. Ashekele
Title : Ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plant use by traditional healers in Oshikoto Region, Namibia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 7:10 (2011) See also ref HC 24b
Symptoms : H(100), H(113), H(201)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea, duration of treatment: 2 -7days , roots, barks of Ximenia americana ,
H(113) scoliosis, duration of treatment: 1week , fresh roots and leaves ., RNS.
H(201) culture bound syndrome, duration of treatment: 2 -3 days, roots., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Namibia (Oshikoto region)
Vernacular name : kakukuru
Reference HC 31
Author(s) : Chekole, G., Z. Asfaw, E. Kelbessa
Title : Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the environs of Tara-gedam and Amba remnant forests of Libo Kemkem District, northwest Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 11:4 (2015) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/11/1/4
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound, dried fresh bulb of Ximenia americana, écraser, grind and cream
Region : East Africa
Country : Northwest Ethiopia
Vernacular name : enkoy (Amharic)
Reference HD 24
Author(s) : Doka, I.G and S. M. Yagi
Title : Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants in West Kordofan (Western Sudan) Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 1409-1416. (2009) http://ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/dokayagi.htm
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) rheumatic pains, steam bath of stems of Ximenia americana
Region : East Africa
Country : Western Sudan (West Kordofan)
Vernacular name : umm medeka
Reference HF 01
Author(s) : Fernandez de la Pradilla, C.
Title : Des plantes qui nous ont guéris. Jeunesse d'Afrique, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso,Tome 1, 208 p., (1981), Tome 2, 101 p., (1985) Plantes médicinales contre les hépatites. Pabre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 62 p., (1988)
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(068), H(126), H(135)
Recipes : H(008) shigellosis, barks underground part of Ximenia, to dry, powder, VO.
H(013) pruritus,stem with leaves of Ximenia., infusion, to wash
H(013) pruritus, itching from filariasis, stems with leaves of Piliostigma thonningii of Ximenia americana., decoction, to wash
H(068), barks underground part of Ximenia, to dry, powder, VO.
H(126), roots of Terminalia macroptera of Ximenia americana, decoction, VO. + bath
H(135), barks underground part of Ximenia., to dry, powder, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina Faso
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HF 1k
Author(s) : Ferry, M.P. , M. Gessain & R. Gessain
Title : Ethnobotanique Tenda. Documents du Centre de recherches anthropologiques du Musée de l'Homme.Laboratoire associé au Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 180 p., (1 mai 1974)
Symptoms : H(031), H(036), H(037)
Recipes : H(037), pounded leaves + arachid
H(031), pounded leaves, boiled, VO
H(036), young nbuds, washed
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (region between the towns of Kedougou et Yukunkun)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HG 07
Author(s) : Getahun, A.
Title : Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in ethiopian folk medicine. Faculty of Science, Addis Abeba University, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, 63p., (1976)
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), ONS., eaten in large quantities
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia
Vernacular name : inkoy (Amarinya), huda (Galinya), mellau, meleta (Tigrinya), aure-mudube, mandraut, mondruk, morod, amirgudud (Somali), oda (Galinya-kaffa)
Reference HG 08
Author(s) : Gillet, J. & E. Paque
Title : Plantes principales de la région de Kisantu. Annales du Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren (Belgique). Série 5, 4, 1, 120p. (1910)
Symptoms : H(088), H(108)
Recipes : H(088), leaves, infusion, gargle
H(108), fruit, decoction, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (ex. Belgian Congo) (Kisantu region)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HG 11
Author(s) : Grand, A. & P.A. Wondergem
Title : Les phytothérapies anti-infectieuses de la forêt-savane, Sénégal (Afrique occidentale)I. Un inventaire. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 21, pp. 109 - 125, (1987)
Symptoms : H(103), H(175)
Recipes : H(103) + H(175), roots, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Diola people, South Senegal)
Vernacular name : bulemen ebonk (Diola)
Reference HG 21
Author(s) : Grønhaug, T. E., S.G. Glaeserud, M. Skogsrud, N. Ballo, S. Bah, D. Diallo & S. Paulsen
Title : Ethnopharmacological survey of six medicinal plants from Mali, West-Africa. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4 : 26 (2008) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/4/1/26 + Additional file
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(006), H(008), H(026), H(033), H(037), H(038), H(050), H(051), H(094), H(099), H(104), H(116), H(126), H(162x), H(166)
Recipes : H(001, 1) eye infection, leaves of Ximenia americana, decoction, face wash
H(003, 1) swelling of head and legs, root sundried of Ximenia americana, powder + butter from Butyrospermum parkii., mixture is massaged onto the swollen areas. If wounds, cover the wounds with mixture.
H(006, 1) constipation , root powder in H2O, VO.
H(008, 1) diarrhoea, root powder in cultured milk, VO.
H(008, 1) dysentery, root powderin H2O, VO.
H(026, 1) dysmenorrhoea, roots powder, H2O, VO.
H(026, 1) dysmenorrhoea, roots of Ximenia americana, powder + fruit from Aframomum melegueta + sea salt. Add to drink
H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea decoction of powder of roots of Ximenia americana of Bridelia ferruginea., Cassia sieberiana., Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + sea salt and rice, VO. and body bath
H(033, 1) female infertility, root decoction, VO.
H(037, 5) throat infection, leaves decoction + sea salt (optionally) + Chilli-powder (optionally). Sea salt and chilli are placed on the back of the tongue. Steam bath of mouth (and oral)
H(038, 1) genital-itching, root of Ximenia americana in powder, fruit from Aframomum melegueta + sea salt., VO.
H(050, 1) flatulence, root bark powder + sea salt, VO.
H(051, 1) paludism, root bark, powder, VO.
H(051, 1) paludism, root powder , VO.
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves from Ximenia americana from Sida spp., decoction, VO. and body bath
H(051, 1) cerebral paludism, leaves and stem bark, decoction. Wash head and VO.
H(051, 1) cerebral paludism, leaves and rootts decoction. Steam bath and VO.
H(068, 1) schistosomiasis, root powder in H2O, VO.
H(068, 1) schistosomiasis, root bark powder in H2O, VO.
H(094, 1) hemorrhoids, root burned, ash in butter; 1 part VO. and 1 part is mixed with butter and applied on/around rectum.
H(099, 1) anxiety / nervousness, leaves decoction, sea salt, VO. or sea salt is placed on the back of the tongue. inhale steam
H(099, 1), nightmare / anxiety in children, root of Ximenia americana of Loranthus sp., powder, body bath
H(104, 1) gastric ulcer, root powder, VO.
H(116, 2) amenorrhoea, root mashed, divided into 2. Sundry one part – decoction. Shadow-dry one part - powder, part 2 in drink, VO.
H(126, 1) liver infection, root powder, VO.
H(162x, 1) incontinence, root powder of Ximenia americana, fruit from Aframomum melegueta +.sea salt., VO.
H(166, 1) hiccups, leaves decoction, Inhalation of steam and oral
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Siby and Diolla
Vernacular name : ntonkè
Reference HG 59
Author(s) : Grønhaug, T. E., S. Glæserud, M. Skogsrud, N. Ballo, S. Bah, D. Diallo, B. S. Paulsen
Title : Ethnopharmacological survey of six medicinal plants from Mali, West-Africa Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 4:26 (2008)
Symptoms : H(001), H(003), H(014), H(051), H(026), H(050), H(068), H(094), H(098), H(099), H(103), H(116), H(118), H(126), H(162x), H(166)
Recipes : H(118, 5) throat infection, leaves of Ximenia americana in decoction + sea salt (optionally) + Chilli-powder (optionally).Sea salt and chilli are placed on the back of the tongue. Steam bath of mouth and VO.
H(051, 2) paludism, powder of root or Root bark , VO.
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves of Ximenia americana decoction + leaves from Sida sp. VO. and body bath
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves and stem bark decoction, wash head and VO.
H(051) cerebral paludism, leaves and roots decoction. Steam bath and VO.
H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, roots powder of Ximenia americana in H2O + add to drink fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt.
H(026, 2) dysmenorrhoea, decoction of roots of Ximenia americana, Bridelia ferruginea, Cassia sieberiana, Securidaca longepedunculata and Securinega virosa + Sea salt and rice.
H(099) anxiety / nervousness, leaves decoction. Sea salt , VO.l or sea salt is placed on the back of the tongue. Inhale the steam
H(098) Nightmare / anxiety in children, root powder or the Loranthus spp. Body bath
H(103, 2) caries, leaves decoction, steam bath of mouth and mouth wash.
H(068, 2) schistosomiasis, root powde or root barks rin H2O VO.
H(104) stomachache, root decoction, VO.
H(104) stomachache, root powder in H2O, VO.
H(116, 2) amenorrhoea, root mashed, divided into 2: - sun dry one part decoction, VO. - shadow dry the other part, powder in drink
H(001) eye infection, leaves decoction. Face wash
H(050) flatulence, root bark powder, Sea salt, VO.
H(104) gastric ulcer, root powder, VO.
H(014) genital-itching, root powder of Ximenia americana + fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt. VO.
H(094) hemorrhoids, root burned, ash in butter 1 part oral and 1 part is mixed with butter and applied on/around rectum.
H(166) hiccups, leaves decoction. Inhalation of steam and VO
H(162x) incontinence, root powder of of Ximenia americana, fruit from Aframomum melegueta + Sea salt.
H(033) female infertility, root decoction, VO.
H(126) liver infection, root powder, VO.
H(003) swelling of head and legs, powder root sun dried,+ Butter from Butyrospermum parkii, mixture is massaged onto the swollen areas. If wounds, cover the wounds with mixture.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali, regions around Siby and Dioila
Vernacular name : ntonkè (Bambara)
Reference HH 11
Author(s) : Haxaire Claudie (Pharmacienne)
Title : Phytothérapie et Médecine Familiale chez les Gbaya-Kara (République Centrafricaine) Thèse de doctorat, Université de Paris, Fac. Pharmacie., 320 p., (1979)
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(007), H(015), H(027z), H(038), H(097x), H(108)
Recipes : H(001) blindness, to scrape Ximenia's americana wood which is lived as a parasite by Loranthaceae sp. To put in an funnel of sheet, instillation, ( strong symbolic connotation). To apply at the moment or one becomes blind
H(013) antrax, cataplasm of a partial mixing of pounded leaves Bidens pilosa , Borreria scabra crushed stems in H2O of Ampelocissus cavicaulis, pounded barks of Stereospermum kunthianum of pounded roots of Cyperus ternicularis, Ximenia americana, young tubers of Manihot esculenta , resin Berlinia grandiflora
H(015) + H(027z) + H(007), VO. decoction roots of a partial mixing of Acalypha ornata , Acanthus montanus, Aframomum sulcatum , Ficus capensis , Mostuea brunonis, Trachyphynium brannianum , Uvaria osmontha, Ximenia americana
H(038) urethra, VO. decoction young stems of a partial mixing of Cassia occidentalis, Indigofera spicata , Merremia sp, Mostuea brunomis, Vernonia sp., Ximenia americana , roots, Combretum racemosum
H(097x), VO., ONS., RNS. of a partial mixing of Aframomum latifolium, Cassia occidentalis, Cyphostemma adenocaule, Desmodium adscendens , Dissotis perkinsiae, Ficus capensis, Hymenocardia acida , Imperata cylindrica, Landolphia owariensis, Landolphia sp., Pseudarthria hookeri , Triumfetta cordifolia, Ximenia americana
H(108)coryza, influenza, decoction leaves, VO.
H(108)coryza, influenza, VO. pounded leaves, crushed leaves in H2O, Ximenia americana, Ageratum conyzoides
Region : Central Africa
Country : Central African Republic
Vernacular name : Indicated by the author in phonetic note. not transposable
Reference HH 17
Author(s) : Havinga, H. R., A. Hartl, J. Putscher, S. Prehsler, C. Buchmann, C. R. Vogl
Title : Tamarindus indica L. (Fabaceae): Patterns of use in traditional African medicine Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 127 pp. 573 - 588 (2010)
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002), to increase lactation, eat Kunu (a kind of porridge) prepared with fruit of Tamarindus indica and Ximenia americana or drink a macerate of tamarind fruits in water (receipt Fulani)
(registered from reference HL 28)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HH 18
Author(s) : Hassan-Abdallah, A., A. Merito, S. Hassan, D. Aboubaker, M. Djama, Z. Asfaw, E. Kelbessa
Title : Medicinal plants andt heir uses by the people in the Region of Randa, Djibouti Journal of Ethnopharmacology 148 701–713, (2013)
Symptoms : H(014), H(018), H(037), H(038), H(118), H(124)
Recipes : H(014) ring worms, H(118) angina, leaves paste of Ximenia americana is appliedt opically
H(018) headaches, leaves powder is sprinkled on burning charcoal and smoke is inhaled nasally
H(037) tuberculosis, H(038) urinary tract infections, soaking crushed root of Ximenia americana in H2O and VO.or apply drops in the nose
H(124) haemorrhage, root paste , local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Djibouti (Region of Randa)
Vernacular name : muxxaqa (Geez ?)
Reference HH 2k
Author(s) : Hedberg, I. & F. Staugärd
Title : Traditional medicine in Botswana. Traditional medicinal plants.The Nordic school of public health, 324 p., (1989) Ipelegeng Publischers.
Symptoms : H(068), H(101)
Recipes : H(068), bilharzia, H(101), in the case of excess blood , ONS., RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HI 06
Author(s) : Inngjerdingen, K., C. S. Nergard, D. Diallo, P. P. Mounkoro, B. S. Paulsen
Title : An ethnopharmacological survey of plants used for wound healing in Dogonland, Mali, West Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology , Volume 92, pp. 233 - 244 (2004) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104000832
Symptoms : H(013), H(020x)
Recipes : H(013), H(020x) insect sting leading to boils (yaanga-kein), application of powder of the internal bark of roots
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (Dogonland)
Vernacular name : onombani
Reference HI 07
Author(s) : Ibrahim, J. A., I. Muazzam, I. A. Jegede, O. F. Kunle, J. I. Okogun
Title : Ethno_medicinal plants and methods used by Gwandara tribe of Sabo Wuse in Niger state, Nigeria, to treat mental illness3/12/20083/12/2008 African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines Volume 4 (2): 211 - 218, (2007)
Symptoms : H(099), H(201)
Recipes : H(099) madness, tranquillizing, H(201) ritual, stem bark, root and leaves of Ximenia americana, decoction to be taken 3 times daily. The medicinal plants used in treating this ailment either singly or in combination with other methods play a great role in relieving these patients.
Region : West Africa
Country : Niger (Sabo Wuse region)
Vernacular name : tsada (Gwandara)
Reference HI 12
Author(s) : Iyamah P.C., M. Idu
Title : Ethnomedicinal survey of plantsused in the treatment of malaria in Southern Nigeria Journal of Ethnopharmacology 173, 287–302, (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.07.008
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 1) paludism, roots, stem bark of Uvaria chamae, Decoction
Region : West Africa
Country : Southern Nigeria
Vernacular name : out-ugba, otua (Igbo), igo (Yoruba), wild lime, seaside plum (English)
Reference HJ 02
Author(s) : Johns, T., J.O. Kokwaro & E.K. Kimanani
Title : Herbal remedies of the Luo of Siaya District, Kenya: establishing quantitative criteria for consensus. Economic Botany, 44, 3, 369 - 381, (1990)
Symptoms : H(006), H(006)
Recipes : H(006, 4),constip, roots, decoction, VO.
H(006, 4)belly or stomach, roots, decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Luo, district of Siaya)
Vernacular name : olemo ( Luo )
Reference HJ 04
Author(s) : Johns, T., G.M. Faubert, J.O. Kokwaro, R.L.A. Mahunnah & E.K. Kimanani
Title : Anti-giardial activity of gastrointestinal remedies of the Luo of East Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 46, pp. 17- 23, (1995)
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104, 8), gastrointestinal deaseases, stomach pain, diarrhoea, constipation (6% of134 informators for HJ 04), roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (districts of Tarime, Musona , region of Mara ), Kenya (district of Homa Bay, Migori)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HK 01
Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & J. G. Adam
Title : La pharmacopée sénégalaise traditionnelle. Plantes médicinales et toxiques. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 1011 p., (1974)
Symptoms : H(001), H(005), H(006), H(013), H(018), H(037), H(045), H(050), H(051), H(051x), H(053), H(068), H(104), H(124), H(126), H(139), H(160), H(173), H(201)
Recipes : H(001) inflammation of the conjunctivita,H(013) abscess gums, H(018), H(053), roots, stems with leaves, barks stem, branch, trunk of Ximenia., local application
H(005), oedema in the face, barks stem, branch, trunk of Maerua angolensis of Ximenia americana, powder, to take snuff
H(006), almond of Ximenia., VO.
H(013) ulcer, barks stem, branch, trunk of Ximenia americana of Guiera senegalensis, powder, local application
H(018) + H(005), oedema au visage, leaves of Maerua angolensis of Ximenia americana, powder, to take snuff
H(037) bronchitis, stem with flowers of Cymbopogon giganteus of Lippia adoensis, leaves of Ximenia americana of Combretum glutinosum of Guiera senegalensis, leaves and roots of Annona senegalensis, leaves of Ocimum basilicum, leaves, barks stem, branch, trunk of Ficus gnaphalocarpa, barks stem, branch, trunk of Parkia biglobosa of Acacia albida, decoction (H2O), VO. + bath
H(037), stem with flowers of Cymbopogon giganteus of Lippia adoensis, leaves of Ximenia americana of Combretum glutinosum of Terminalia macroptera of Guiera senegalensis, leaves and roots of Annona senegalensis, leaves of Ocimum basilicum, leaves, barks stem, branch, trunk of Sida rhombifolia, barks stem, branch, trunk of Acacia albida, to dry, powder, decoction (H2O), VO. + bath
H(050) swelling of the abdomen, H(051), H(068) intestinal worm, H(104), H(160), leaves of Ximenia., decoction (H2O), VO.
H(124), H(045) vulnerary, leaves of Ximenia., local application
H(126), H(051x), ONS. of Combretum glutinosum of Cocculus pendulus of Tinospora bakis of Ximenia americana of Carica papaya, VO.
H(173), roots of Ximenia., roots, maceration (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, H(139) sexual asthenia, roots of Ximenia., maceration (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, ONS. of Euphorbia scordifolia of Ximenia americana of Strophanthus sarmentosus of Stereospermum kunthianum of Tamarindus indica, decoction (H2O), bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HK 12
Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title : Plantes médicinales et toxiques des Peuls et des Toucouleurs du Sénégal. Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, (J.A.T.B.A.), 11, 384 - 444 , 543 - 599, (1964)
Symptoms : H(018), H(051), H(178), H(201)
Recipes : H(018) cephalalgy, dough of leaves of Ximenia americana, applications on the fronthead and on the temple
H(051) fever, decoction of leaves of Ximenia americana, VO.
H(178) angina pectoria, maceration of leaves of Ximenia americana, VO.
H(201), medico-magic preparation for orchitis and hernia, dough of leaves of Ximenia, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : téné (Peul, Tocolor)
Reference HK 13
Author(s) : Kokwaro, J.O.
Title : Medicinal plants of East Africa. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., (1976)
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), fruits, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : East Africa
Vernacular name : olemo (Luo)
Reference HK 22
Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & A. Bouquet
Title : Plantes médicinales et toxiques de la Côte-d'Ivoire - Haute-Volta.Mission d'étude de la pharmacopée indigène en A.O.F. Editions Vigot Frères, Paris, 300 p., (1950)
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(068), H(076), H(103), H(126)
Recipes : H(008), H(051), H(126), roots or leaves, decoction, VO.
H(068), bilharziosis, barks, pulp in H2O, VO.H(076)stomatitis, H(103), roots, powder, friction gums
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso
Vernacular name : morô (Tagouana) , nemossi, nomnoungo, bendéguara, meningolo (Dioula), nongbé (Barabara), sadendagi (Haoussa), léga, leangha (Mossi), domou.-tioro (Gouin), tia oulé (Peul from Kaya) , iêma (Lobi), pila (Dagari), assoukrou (Baoulé), wa (Gouro)
Reference HK 31
Author(s) : Koné, W. M., K. Kamanzi Atindehou, C. Terreaux, K. Hostettmann, D. Traoré & M. Dosso
Title : Traditional medicine in North Côte-d’Ivoire: screening of 50 medicinal plants for antibacterial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 93, pp. 43-49 ( 2004) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104001084
Symptoms : H(008), H(103), H(113)
Recipes : H(008), H(103), H(113), mouth wounds, rheumatism, diarrhoea, roots, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast (Ferkessedougou region)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HK 36a
Author(s) : Kareru, P. G., G. M. Kenji, A. N. Gachanja, J. M. Keriko, G. Mungai
Title : Traditional medicine among the Embu and Mbeere peoples of Kenya. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Volume 4 (1): 75 - 86 (2007) http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/ajtcam/article/view/160/172
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhoea, barks of Ximenia americana, decoction, VO. 2 cups/ day during 3 days.
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Eastern Province, Embu and Mbeere tribes)
Vernacular name : mutura (Embu)
Reference HK 42
Author(s) : Koné, M. W., K.K. Atindehou, H. Terre, D. Tyraore
Title : Quelques plantes médicinales utilisées en pédiatrie traditionnelle dans la région de Ferkessedougou (Côte - d' Ivoire). BIOTERRE, Rev. Inter. Sci. De la Vie et de la Terre, N° spécial, 2002 httpwww.csrs.chfichiersBioterreKone-Mamidou-tab2.pdf
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) child cough, decoction of roots of Ximenia americana, VO., 1/2 glass + bath, in the morning and the evening
Region : West Africa
Country : Ivory Coast (region fe Ferkessedougou)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HK 51
Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & J.G. Adam
Title : Les plantes médicinales, toxiques et magiques des Niominka et des Socé des Iles du Saloum (Sénégal) Acta tropica, Suppl. 8, 279 - 334 (1964)
Symptoms : H(050), H(104), H(124)
Recipes : H(050) flatulent colic, meteorim., H(104) colitis, powder of dried leaves of Ximenia americana, RNS.
H(124) fresh leaves of Ximenia americana are haemostatic
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Saloun island)
Vernacular name : séno (Socé)
Reference HK 57
Author(s) : Kerharo, J. & J. G. Adam
Title : Note sur quelques plantes médicinales des Bassari et des Tandanké du Sénégal oriental. Bulletin de l' I.F.A.N., Tome 26, série A, n°2,(1964)
Symptoms : H(104), H(124)
Recipes : H(104) enteralgia, leaves decoction of Ximenia americana, VO. (recipe Bassari)
H(124) haemostatic, leaves poultice of Ximenia americana
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Bassari and Tandanké of eastern Senegal)
Vernacular name : dindowolee, guine de wôle (Tandanké), andéhone (Bassari)
Reference HK 63
Author(s) : Kipkore, K., B. Wanjohi, H. Rono, G. Kigen
Title : A study of the medicinal plants used by the Marakwet Community in Kenya Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 10:24 (2014) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/10/1/24
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, graines de Ximenia americana crushed and oil applied
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Marakwet Community)
Vernacular name : kunyotwo (local dialect), yellow plum (Englisch)
Reference HL 15
Author(s) : Lulekal, E., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, H. Yineger
Title : An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu District, southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , Volume 4 : 10 (2008) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/4/1/10 + Additional file
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : Vb(201) evil eye (buda), fresh roots of Ximenia americana, crush and drink, crush and pound
Region : East Africa
Country : Southeastern Ethiopia (Mana Angetu District)
Vernacular name : uhdusalem (Afaan Oromo)
Reference HL 15
Author(s) : Lulekal, E., E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, H. Yineger
Title : An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu District, southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , Volume 4 : 10 (2008) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/4/1/10 + Additional file
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) impotence (dhirumalebi), fresh roots of Ximenia americana, crush and tie
Region : East Africa
Country : Southeastern Ethiopia (Mana Angetu District)
Vernacular name : uhdusalem (Afaan Oromo)
Reference HM 09
Author(s) : Minja, M.M.J.
Title : The Maasai Wonder Plants. People and Plants training workshop held at the Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania, 15th – 18th march 1999.
Symptoms : H(099x)
Recipes : H(099x), bark stems , decoc, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Simanjiro country)
Vernacular name : alamayi (Maasai)
Reference HM 25
Author(s) : Maiga, Ababacar, Drissa Diallo, Seydou Fane, Rokia Sanogo, Berit Smestad Paulsen & Boubacar Cisse
Title : A survey of toxic plants on the market in the district of Bamako, Mali: traditional knowledge compared with a literature search of modern pharmacology and toxicology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Volume 96, pp.183-193 ( 2005)
Symptoms : H(068), H(118)
Recipes : H(068) bilharzia, H(118) throat infection, leaves and roots
H(092, 7) leaves and roots could be toxic at too strong dosis, provoke salivation; remedies against toxic effects: decoction of leaves of Afrormosia laxiflora
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (Bamako district )
Vernacular name : n’tongue (Bambara)
Reference HM 27
Author(s) : Mac Donald, I., & D. I. Olorunfemi
Title : Research, projects : Plants used for medicinal purposes by Koma people of Adamawa State, Nigeria.Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor, november 2000. Article on Internet: http://www.nuffic.nl/ciran/ikdm/8-3/res-macdonald.html
Symptoms : H(111)
Recipes : H(111), roots, stems, stems barks of Ximenia americana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Adamawa state, Koma people)
Vernacular name : shamaigoro (Koma)
Reference HM 32
Author(s) : Magassouba, F.B., A. Dialloa, M. Kouyaté, F. Mara, O.Bangoura, A. Camara, S. Traoré, A.K. Diall, G. Camara, S. Traoré, A. Keita, M.K. Camara, R. Barry, S. Keita, K. Oularé, M.S. Barry, M. Donzo, K. Camara, K. Toté, D. Vanden Berghe, J. Totté, L.. Pieters, A.J. Vlietinck, A.M. Baldé
Title : Ethnobotanical survey and antibacterial activity of some plants used in Guinean traditional medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 114, pp. 44 - 53 (2007)
Symptoms : H(045)
Recipes : H(045, 13) antiseptic, again infection, leaves of Ximenia americana decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Guinea Conakry
Vernacular name : gbani
Reference HM 33
Author(s) : Malgras, D. (R.P.)
Title : Arbres et arbustes guérisseurs des savanes maliennes. Editions Karthala, 22 - 24, boulevard Arago, 75013 Paris, 480 p. (1992)
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(005), H(006), H(008), H(013), H(014), H(018), H(037), H(051), H(051x), H(053), H(068), H(077), H(078), H(082), H(091), H(100), H(103), H(104), H(108), H(113), H(124), H(126), H(170), H(178), H(195)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, H(001) trachoma, decoction du mistletoe with leaves of Ximenia americana, decoction, RNS.
H(001) conjunctivitis, H(001) cataracts, decoction stems with leaves of Ximenia american, eyes instillation
H(004) wounds, H(124) haemostatic, local application of fresh leaves of Ximenia americana
H(004) wounds, H(170) common dropsi, H(195) hydropisy, H(051x) yellow fever, H(178) maladie du cœur, H(006) + H(104) gastro-enteritis, H(113) myalgia, H(091) kwashiorkor, powder roots of Ximenia americana., RNS.
H(005) face oedema, boiled leaves of Maerua angolensis and of Ximenia americana, inhalations.
H(005) face oedema, powders of stems with leaves of Ximenia americana of roots and barks of Maerua angolensis, RNS.
H(006) purgative, almonds of fruits of Ximenia.
H(008) diarrhoea, decoction of leaves of Ximenia americana with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), RNS.
H(013) chancres, H(103) gingivitis, trunks barks, roots of Ximenia, to pound , RNS.
H(014) eczema, barks of roots of Ximeni., decoction, local application
H(018) sick headache, H(103) tooth ashes, H(053) ears diseases, H(053) mumps, barks, roots, stems with leaves of Ximenia., RNS.
H(037) tuberculosis, stems with leaves of Ximenia., to boil, fumigation
H(053) ears diseases, powder of the superficial part of trunks barks of Ximenia., maceration, RNS.
H(053) otitis, ears conduct, H(018) sick headache,H(013) abscess, boiled leaves with lemon juice, VO.
H(068) onchocerciasis, H(113) lameness, decoction stems with leaves of Ximenia., fumigations, bath
H(077) anti-vomitive, boiled seeds of Ximenia. , VO.
H(082) asthma, H(078) liver cancer, H(078) abdominale tumour, soft pounded leaves of Ximenie., RNS.
H(100) syphilis,H(013) chancres, powder of stems with leaves of roots of Ximenia americana of Guiera senegalensis, application on the forehead
H(103) caries,H(013) tooth abscess, decoction stems with leaves of Ximenia., fumigations, mouth bath
H(108) colds, leaves, stems with leaves of Ximenia, RNS.
H(126) liver cirrhosis, powder trunks barks of Ximenia. + caustic soda, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntonké (Bambara), tonkè, ndogè, sene (Malinke), gban, kagban, maa (Minyanka), man, maa (Senoufo), coconyawe (Bwa), sinkè (Bobo-fing), tiaburli (Peuhl)
Reference HM 45
Author(s) : Maroyi, A.
Title : An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by the people in Nhema communal area, Zimbabwe Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136, 347–354, (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111003229
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109, 3) backache, leaves of Ximenia americana crushed, mixed with hot water, extract VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Zimbabwe (Nhema communal area)
Vernacular name : mutengeni (Shona)
Reference HM 46
Author(s) : Muthee, J.K., D.W. Gakuya, J.M. Mbaria, P.G. Kareru, C.M. Mulei, F.K. Njonge
Title : Ethnobotanical study of anthelmintic and other medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok district of Kenya Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 15–21, (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111000766
Symptoms : H(104), H(124)
Recipes : H(104) stomachache, H(124, 2) uterine bleeding,roots, fruits of Ximenia americana, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : kenya (Loitoktok district)
Vernacular name : enkamai
Reference HM 52
Author(s) : Musa, M. S., F. E. Abdelrasool, E. A. Elsheikh, L. A. M. N. Ahmed, A. L. E. Mahmoud & S. M. Yagi
Title : Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Blue Nile State, South-eastern Sudan Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 5(17), pp. 4287-4297, 9 September, 2011 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2011/9Sept/Musa%20et%20al.pdf
Symptoms : H(046), H(103)
Recipes : H(046) measles, leaves decoction of Ximenia americana, VO.
H(103) teeth ache, roots paste of Ximenia americana, filling tooth cavity
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (South-eastern) (Blue Nile State)
Vernacular name : um medika
Reference HM 56
Author(s) : Megersa, M., Z.Asfaw , E. Kelbessa, A. Beyene and B. Woldeab
Title : An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:68 ( 2013) doi:10.1186/1746-4269-9-68 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/68
Symptoms : H(101), H(112x)
Recipes : H(101) menstruation, crushed shrub of Ximenia americana and mixed with water and one cup of tea taken for 1–5 days until the blood stop
H(112x) contraceptive, exudates drunk for five days 2 cup per a day
Region : East Africa
Country : West Ethiopia (Wayu Tuka District)
Vernacular name : hudhaa (Afaan Oromo)
Reference HM 58
Author(s) : Mabogo, D.E.N.
Title : The ethnobotany of the Vhavenda. MSc Thesis, University of Pretoria. (1990) appendix from the Thesis
Symptoms : H(008), H(051), H(201)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, dysentry, H(051) febrifuge, roots of Ximenia americana, RNS.
H(201) magic (black or white) roots or barks of Pleurostylia capensis, ONS. of Cassine sp., roots of Salacia rehmanii, semi parasite of Ximenia americana, roots of Securidaca longipedunculata, RNS.
H(095) fruit, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : dadzwanombe (Venda)
Reference HM 61
Author(s) : Maroyi, A.
Title : Traditional use of medicinal plants in south-central Zimbabwe: review and perspectives Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:31 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/31
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109) backache, leaves of Ximenia americana, extract , VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Zimbabwe (South-central)
Vernacular name : mutengeni
Reference HM 69
Author(s) : Maroyi, A.
Title : Traditional use of medicinal plants in south-central Zimbabwe: review and perspectives Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine ,9:31 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/31
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109) backache, leaves extract of Ximenia americana, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Zimbabwe (centre-sud)
Vernacular name : mutengeni
Reference HN 15
Author(s) : Natabou Dégbé, F.
Title : Contribution à l'étude de la médecine et de la Pharmacopée traditionnelles au Bénin: Tentatives d'intégration dans le système de santé officiel. Thèse pour l'obtention du diplôme de Docteur en Pharmacie de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop (Diplôme d'état), 138 p., Juillet 1991
Symptoms : H(006), H(050), H(051), H(068), H(092), H(094), H(104), H(160)
Recipes : H(006) strong purgative, H(092) toxic, almonds of Ximenia americana
H(050) intestinal meteorism, H(051) childs fever, H(068) helminthiasis, H(104) colitis, H(160), decoction of fresh leaves of Ximenia, VO. (?)
H(094), powder of roasted roots mixed with karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), local application
H(139) aphrodisiac, maceration of barks of Ximenia., VO. (?)
Region : West Africa
Country : Benin
Vernacular name : tsada, mararouwou (Haoussa), kilivovoué (Fon), somounoléou, tantasé, gorokou, gamororou (Bariba), thiabouli, golohi (Peuhl), igo (Yoruba), moutamoutinou (Ditammari), minimbou (Waama), mouta détéhéda, moutamoutignian (Somba), citronier de mer, prunier de mer, prunier épine (French)
Reference HN 32
Author(s) : Nagata, J. M., A. R. Jew, J. M. Kimeud, C. R. Salmena, E. A. Bukusi, C. R. Cohen
Title : Medical pluralism on Mfangano Island: Use of medicinal plants among persons living with HIV/AIDS in Suba District, Kenya Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 501–509, (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002029
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) boils,H(013) skin rashes, roots, leaves, fruit of Ximenia americana, decoction VO., steam bath, chewed
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Suba District)
Vernacular name : olemo (Luo), isafu (Suba)
Reference HN 37
Author(s) : Nordeng, H., W. Al-Zayadi, D. Diallo, N. Ballo, B.S. Paulsen
Title : Traditional medicine practitioners' knowledge and views on treatment of pregnant women in three regions of Mali Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:67 (2013) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/67
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104, 7) heartburn (during pregnancy), drink boiled decoction of leaves of Ximenia americana. Ingestion of a pulverized root, stem bark decoction is used to a lesser extent but not during pregnancy
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : ntonke / hongbé (Bambara)
Reference HN 41
Author(s) : Nergard, C.S. , T. P. Than Ho, D. Diallo, N. Ballo, B. S. Paulsen and H. Nordeng
Title : Attitudes and use of medicinal plants during pregnancy among women at health care centers in three regions of Mali, West-Africa Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 11:73 (2015)
Symptoms : H(075), H(201)
Recipes : H(201, 50) well-being, H(075, 2) to increase appetite, decoction of plant bundles, mainly leaves of Ximenia americana, VO. , Vapor may be inhaled
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (Siby, Dioila and Bamako.)
Vernacular name : ntonkè
Reference HP 09
Author(s) : Parker, M.A., S. Chabot, B. J. Ward, T. Johns
Title : Traditional dietary additives of the Maasai are antiviral against the measles virus. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 114, pp. 146 - 152 (2007)
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(046, f), stem bark of Ximenia americana incorporated in soup of both healthy or sick children to prevent or to heal measles
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Narok district, Loita Hills region)
Vernacular name : olamai (Maasai)
Reference HP 1k
Author(s) : Palayer, P.
Title : Lexique de plantes du pays Sar.Plantes spontanées et cultivées.Tome 2, 78 p., (1977) Collège Charles Lwanga.C.E.L. Sarh-Tchad.Publié avec le concours financier de l'UNESCO.
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) baby, roots decoction H2O
Region : West Africa
Country : Chad (Sar country)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HR 12a
Author(s) : Runyoro, D.K.B., O.D. Ngassapa, M.I. Matee, C.C. Joseph, M.J. Moshi
Title : Medicinal plants used by Tanzanian traditional healers in the management of "Candida" infections. Journal of Ethnopharmacology Vol. 106; pp. 158 - 165 (2006)
Symptoms : H(087)
Recipes : H(087) oral candidiasis, powdered bark in local brew, gargle 3 X / day
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (North-eastern zone)
Vernacular name : ngomai (Masai, mtundwe (Kigogo)
Reference HR 16
Author(s) : Ribeiro, A., M. M. Romeiras, J. Tavares & M. T. Faria
Title : Ethnobotanical survey in Canhane village, district of Massingir, Mozambique: medicinal plants and traditional knowledge Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 6:33 (2010)
Symptoms : H(004), H(026), H(027), H(033), H(104), H(178), H(199)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, drying and grinding roots of Ximenia americana, topic
H(026) menstrual cycle, H(027) antiabortifacients, H(033) women fertility, H(104) stomach ache, H(178) stabbing heart, H(199) HIVAIDS, decoction of roots, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Mozambique (Canhane village, district of Massingir)
Vernacular name : ntsengele, matsengele, tsingela (Changana)
Reference HR 17
Author(s) : Ruffo, C. K.
Title : A Survey of medicinal plants in Tabora region, Tanzania in :Traditional Medicinal Plants. Dar Es Salaam University Press - Ministry of Health - Tanzania, 391 p. (1991)
Symptoms : H(068), H(091), H(099), H(169)
Recipes : H(068) intestinal worms, H(091) anaemia, H(099) mental disorders, H(169) hernia, roots of Ximenia americana, RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania (Tabora region)
Vernacular name : munembwa, mutandwa (Nyamwezi)
Reference HS 08
Author(s) : Sita, G.
Title : Traitement traditionnel de quelques maladies en pays Bissa (République de Haute-Volta). Bulletin agricole du Rwanda, 11ème année, 1, 24 - 34, (1978)
Symptoms : H(094)
Recipes : H(094), grilled roots, powder + karite butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum), ointment in anus
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina Faso
Vernacular name : manfin-go, mouhi-ni(Bissa)
Reference HS 27
Author(s) : Sangare, D.
Title : Etude de la prise en charge du paludisme par les thérapeutes traditionnels dans les aires de santé de Kendie (Bandiagara) et de Finkolo AC (Sikasso) Thesis presented and defended in public, December 20, 2003, at the Faculty of Medicine of Pharmacy and Odontostomatology at the University of Bamako (Republic of Mali), 115p. http://www.keneya.net/fmpos/theses/2004/pharma/pdf/04P27.pdf
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) simple paludism, powdered bark of the trunk of Boscia angustifolia with the roots of Ximenia americana of Securidaca longepedunculata in a glass of hot water, VO., or powder also used in bath and for body incantatory massage with shea butter. Treatment for 7 days (healer in the village of Some Sissongo)
H(051) simple paludism, Loranthus sp on Ximenia americana + the leaves of Solanum incanum and the roots of Securidaca longepedunculata are pulverized in fine powder for steambath and incantatory massage with shea butter to heal (healer in the village of Biri).
H(051) severe paludism, decoction of leaves of Ximenia americana , bath + VO. , for 3 days (healer in the village of Dongossory).
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali Republic (region of Kendie and Finkolo)
Vernacular name : taamou (Dogon)
Reference HS 34
Author(s) : Semenya, S.S. , A.Maroyi
Title : Medicinal plants used by the Bapedi traditional healers to treat diarrhoea in the Limpopo Province, South Africa Journal of Ethnopharmacology 144, 395–401 (2012) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112006356
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, a handful of roots of Ximenia americana. cooked in water for 5 min.The infusion (250ml) is administered thrice a day until diarrhoea subsides
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Limpopo province)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HS 35
Author(s) : Sawadogo, W.R., M. Schumacher, M-H. Teiten , M. Dicato , M. Diederich
Title : Traditional West African pharmacopeia, plants and derived compounds for cancer therapy Biochemical Pharmacology 84, 1225–1240 (2012) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22846603
Symptoms : H(004x), H(014), H(078), H(104)
Recipes : H(004x) internal wounds,H(014) dermatitis, H(078) uterine cancer, H(104) gastric ulcer, roots barks of Ximenia americana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : West Africa
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HS 38
Author(s) : Setshogo, M. P., C. M. Mbereki
Title : Floristic diversity and use of medicinal plants sold by street vendors in Gaborone, Botswana African Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology 5, 69–74. (2010) http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/JournalsSup/images/Sample/AJPSB_5%28SI1%2969-74o.pdf
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) swollen, painful knees, bulb of Ammocharis is cut into two and half of it boiled in water, then the patient is soothed with it. The other half is fried with nuts of Ximenia americana until it turns black. Small incisions are then made on the swollen knees and the medicine applied onto them.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference HS 40
Author(s) : Sanogo, R.
Title : Medicinal plants used for treatment of dysmenorrhea in Mali Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 8(S):90-96 (2011) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3252716/
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026) dysmenorrheae, leaves and roots of Ximenia americana
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : n’tonké (Bamanan)
Reference HT 23
Author(s) : Tapsoba, H. & J.P. Deschamps
Title : Use of medicinal plants for the treatment of oral diseases in Burkina Faso. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 104, pp.68 - 78 ( 2006)
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, the roots are boiled with red and white stones for inhalation. Some healers advise against gargling because of the risk of losing other teeth, even healthy ones. Inhalations made by boiling together fresh leaves and roots can be administered twice a day for 7 days
H(103) gingivitis, sores, dried leaves and roots can be stored for some time. To treat gingivitis and mouth lesions, the dried leaves are boiled with white stones. Twice a day after meals, a gargle is followed by inhalation with the patient's head covered with a white blanket. Treatment is for 3 or 4 days according to sex. The root decoction is used as a mouthwash. Root and bark decoctions are used as a gargle until recovery. Some traditional healers say secret words when taking bark.
H(103), gingivitis, sores, a decoction with roots of Striga senegalensis, Ximenia americana and tobacco leaves is used as a mouthwash. Zinm may be added.
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina Faso (Kadiogo province)
Vernacular name : leenga (Moore)
Reference HT 24
Author(s) : Togola, A., D. Diallo, S. Dembélé, H. Barsett & B.S. Paulsen
Title : Ethnopharmacological survey of different uses of seven medicinal plants from Mali, (West Africa) in the regions Doila, Kolokani and Siby. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 1:7 (2005)
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018, 1) mix the leaves of Opilia celtidifolia with the roots of Ximenie americana, decoction, VO. + bath
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (regions of Doila, Kolokani and Siby)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference HT 27
Author(s) : Tilahum Teklehaymanot, Mirutse Giday
Title : Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia, Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 3:12 (2007)
Symptoms : H(014), H(155)
Recipes : H(014) herpes (kusil), dressing with bark paste of Ximenia americana
H(155) tonsilitis (entil siwerd), juice of bark, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest, Zegie peninsula)
Vernacular name : enkoye (Amharic)
Reference HT 32
Author(s) : Traore, M.
Title : Le Recours à la Pharmacopée Traditionnelle Africaine dans le Nouveau Millénaire :<< Cas des Femmes Herboristes de Bamako >> http://www.codesria.org/Archives/ga10/Abstracts%20GA%201-5/AIDS_Traore.htm In "Grey littérature"
Symptoms : H(076)
Recipes : H(076) baby, infection of the thonge, powder or decoction of leaves or barks of Ximenia americana
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali (Bamako)
Vernacular name : n’tonkè (Bambara)
Reference HT 32
Author(s) : Traore, M.
Title : Le Recours à la Pharmacopée Traditionnelle Africaine dans le Nouveau Millénaire :<< Cas des Femmes Herboristes de Bamako >> http://www.codesria.org/Archives/ga10/Abstracts%20GA%201-5/AIDS_Traore.htm In "Grey littérature"
Symptoms : H(001), H(004), H(037), H(103), H(116), H(118)
Recipes : H(001) conjonctivitis, H(004) wounds,H(037) cough , H(103) caries, H(116) non occurrence of themenses, H(118) angina, ONS of Ximenia americana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Mali
Vernacular name : siènè, n’tongué (Malinke)
Reference HT 33
Author(s) : Tilahun Teklehaymanot
Title : Ethnobotanical study of knowledge and medicinal plants use by the people in Dek Island in Ethiopia Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume124, pp 69–78, (2009)
Symptoms : H(070)
Recipes : H(070) rabies (yeibd wush beshita), soaking bark of Ximenia americana in water and the water is taken orally
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Northwest, Dek Island in lake Tana )
Vernacular name : enkuay (Amharic)
Reference HT 34
Author(s) : Tilahum Teklehaymanot & Mirutse Giday
Title : Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants of Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people in Lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 6:23 (2010)
Symptoms : H(004), H(095)
Recipes : H(004) external injury and wounds, juice of the fruit of Ximenia americana, local application
H(095) food, ripe fruit
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone)
Vernacular name : mekela (Kara), miraw (Kwego)
Reference HT 44
Author(s) : Traoré, A., A. I. Derme, S. Sanon, A. Gansane,Y. Ouattara, I. Nebié, S. B. Sirima
Title : Connaissances ethnobotaniques et pratiques phytothérapeutiques des tradipraticiens de santé de la Comoé pour le traitement du paludisme : processus d’une recherche scientifique de nouveaux antipaludiques au Burkina Faso Ethnopharmacologia, n°43, pp 35- 46 (juillet 2009) http://www.ethnopharmacologia.org/default.asp?page=revue
Symptoms : H(018), H(045), H(094)
Recipes : H(018) migraine, H(018) headache, H(018) cephalalgia, H(045) antiseptic, H(045) disinfectant, H(045) ccicatrizing, H(094) hemorrhoids , leaves, roots, trunk barks of Ximenia americana , RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina Faso (region of Comoé )
Vernacular name : manigouani (Dioula) , lèenga (Mooré), opranger de Mer (french)
Reference HT 50
Author(s) : Teklehaymanot, T.
Title : An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and edible plants of Yalo Woreda in Afar regional state, Ethiopia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 13:40 (2017) DOI 10.1186/s13002-017-0166-7
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Ximenia americana is sweet, succulent fruit collected by herd boys and consumed by all age groups.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Yalow Woreda, Afar regional state)
Vernacular name : helelea
Reference HU 01
Author(s) : Udoamaka F.Ezuruike n, J.M.Prieto
Title : The use of plants in the traditional management of diabetes in Nigeria: Pharmacological and toxicological considerations Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 857–924 (2014)
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) diabetes, fruits, stem, stem-bark, leaves of Ximenia americana, decoctiont, RNS. Region of use for diabetes (North west of Nigeria)
Other medicinal uses: anti-parasitic, anti-microbial, inflammation, pesticidal, Analgesic, anti-pyretic, anti-cancer, hepato-protective, ulcers, skin infections, purgative, ONS, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria
Vernacular name : tsaada (Hausa), igo (Yoruba)
Reference HV 05
Author(s) : Van Der Steur, L.
Title : Plantes médicinales utilisées par les Peul du Sénégal Oriental. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 8, n° 2, 189 - 200, (1994)
Symptoms : H(013), H(018), H(031), H(050), H(091), H(096), H(103)
Recipes : H(013) boil, dry leaves, powder, local application
H(018), leaves infusion, wash the skull
H(031), crushed leaves in H2O, bath, VO.
H(050), crushed leaves in H2O, bathH(091), leaves infusion, VO.
H(096), leaves, steam bath
H(103), barks, infusion, steam bath + gargle
Region : West Africa
Country : Oriental Senegal
Vernacular name : tjaboule, bodjetjai, tene (Peul), sene, ntonge, nogbe (Bambara), djenge, sab, sap (Sérère),ngolon, golen (Wolof), bu ripina, furipinn (Diola)
Reference HV 54
Author(s) : Van der Veen, L.J., S. Bodinga-bwa-Bodinga
Title : Une société traditionnelle noire africaine et ses plantes utiles : les Eviya du Gabon Document submitted for publication http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/fulltext/Van der Veen/Van der Veen_à paraître_a.pdf
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(006) purgative , fruit almond of Ximenia americana, RNS.
H(020) snake bite and other venomous animals, leaves applied to the bites
H(095) the fruit pulp is edible.
Region : West Africa
Country : Gabon (Eviya habitat)
Vernacular name : (mw-)ale (w-)a moségé (Eviya language)
Reference HW 07
Author(s) : Wondimu Tigist, Asfaw Arsi, Kelbessa Ensermu
Title : Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants around 'Dheeraa' town, Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 112, pp. 152-161, (2007)
Symptoms : H(004), H(166)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, abscess (lung), H(166) muscle cramp, roots and barks of Ximenia americana are crushed, homogenized in H2O, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Arsi zone)
Vernacular name : hudaa
Reference HZ 03
Author(s) : Zerbo, P., J. Millogo-Rasolodimby, O. G. Nacoulma-Ouédraogo, P. Van Damme
Title : Plantes médicinales et pratiques médicales au Burkina Faso : cas des Sanan Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, N° 307 ( 1 ), (2011)
Symptoms : H(004), H(087), H(092), H(099), H(104)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, H(087) infections, infestations, H(092) poisoning, H(099) sensory disturbances, H(104) digestive disorders, barks roots, trunk barks, leaves of Ximenia americana, decoction, calcination, extraction, chew, VO., hip bath, application, gargle, instillation, enema
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina Faso (San countries, northwestern Burkina Faso)
Vernacular name : maraafon (Sanan)
Reference VA 17
Author(s) : Assogba, M.N.
Title : Quelques enquêtes sur la pharmacopée traditionnelle vétérinaire en République populaire du Bénin. 13ème Conférence de la Société ouest africaine de pharmacologie, 23-24-25 février 1984 à Cotonou. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique. Collège polytechnique universitaire, 107 p., (1984)
Symptoms : V(001), V(020), V(054)
Recipes : Vb(001) in case of Vb(020), poison in eyes, instillation milk, fresh eggs
Vb(020), roots, decoction, VO.
… volont‚
Region : West Africa
Country : Benin
Vernacular name : klivovoe (Fon)tiapouli (Peul)
Reference VB 11
Author(s) : Bollig, M.
Title : East Pokot camel husbandry. Institut für Völkerkunde, Köln University, Federal Republic of Germany, non publié, 19 p., (1992) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms : V(004), V(014)
Recipes : Vch(004), Vc(014), fruit, decoction in dough , local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Pokot)
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference VB 12
Author(s) : Bognounou, O. & M. Diande
Title : Réflexions sur les thérapeutiques traditionnelles en soins de santé animale et état des connaissances ethnobotaniques au Burkina-Faso. Métissages en santé animale de Madagascar à Haïti. Presses universitaires de Namur, 181 - 201, (1994)
Symptoms : V(020)
Recipes : V(020), barks trunc, pounded, maceration + Anogeissus leiocarpus, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina-Faso
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference VB 25M
Author(s) : Bossard, E.
Title : La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms : V(014), V(038)
Recipes : Vcanis(014), crushed roots of Ximenia americana, maceration in H2O during 24 h, local application
Vv(038) cystalgia chicken, pounded leaves in H2O, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Angola (regions of Benguela, Ganda)
Vernacular name : (olo) meke (Umbundu), ameixieira do Brasil (Portuguese)
Reference VB 25M
Author(s) : Bossard, E.
Title : La médecine traditionnelle au centre et à l'ouest de l'Angola. Ministério da ciênciae da tecnologia. Instituto de investigaçâo cientifica tropical. Lisboa - p. 531 (1996) (ISBN : 972-672-858-4)
Symptoms : V(014)
Recipes : Vcanis(014) itch, ONS. of Ximenia americana, RNS
Vv(038) cystalgia poules, pounded leaves in l'abreuvoir
Region : West Africa
Country : Angola (regions of Benguela, Ganda)
Vernacular name : (olo) meke (Umbundu), ameixieira do Brasil (Portuguese)
Reference VD 02
Author(s) : Dalziel, J.M.
Title : The useful plants of west tropical Africa. The Crown Agents for the Colonies, 4, Millbank, Westminster, London, S.W.1, 612 p., (1937)
Symptoms : V(008x)
Recipes : V(008x) calf, decoction fruits, roots, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference VD 06
Author(s) : Dupiré, M.
Title : Pharmacopée Peule du Niger et du Cameroun. Bull. IFAN, XIX, sér. B, 3-4, 382 - 417, (1957)
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) prevention against the bites of snakes, maceration of roots of Ximenia americana creeping plant 'kaba' and white onion, VO. ( receipt of Niger)
Region : West Africa
Country : Niger
Vernacular name : jabuli (Bororo of Niger), sabuli (Bororo of Cameroon), mororua sada (Hausa)
Reference VG 25
Author(s) : Gradé, J.T., J. R.S. Tabuti, P.Van Damme
Title : Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 122, pp. 273–293 (2009) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874109000233
Symptoms : V(014)
Recipes : Vb(014) cures leather (akimanyimany ejamu), crush fruits and seeds of Ximenia americana, scrape fresh hide clean and stretch out (receipt from the Pian tribe)
Region : East Africa
Country : Uganda (Karamoja of northern Uganda)
Vernacular name : elamaietulelo (Ngakarimojong)
Reference VL 01
Author(s) : Larrat, M.
Title : Médecine et pharmacie indigènes: Trypanosomiases et piroplasmoses, (1939) From reference:e VB 10
Symptoms : V(025)
Recipes : Veq(025), young shoots + 3 hot peppers, wallowed in H2O during 2 days, some drops in the morning and evening, once in a nostril then in the other one, during one week
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina-Faso (Tenkodogo region)
Vernacular name : ngongbe, n'tongue, tonkain (Bambara), lega, lema (Mossi), tiabourli (Fulfulde)ngologne, n'goloine (Ouolof)
Reference VM 45
Author(s) : Maikai, V. A., U. Abubakar, A.A. Salman,, and T. N. Inuwa
Title : Preliminary Survey of Medicinal Plants Used in Treatment of Animal Trypanosomosis in Kaduna State, Nigeria Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14: 319-26. (2010) http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/kadunapa.htm
Symptoms : V(054)
Recipes : Vb(054, 38) trypanosomiasis, roots bark of Ximenia americana, were prepared by soaking or boiling in water and drenched, or pounded and mixed with the feed of the sick animal
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Kaduma state)
Vernacular name : tsada (Hausa)
Reference VM 47
Author(s) : Mafimisebi, T.E., A.E.Oguntade, A.N. Fajemisin, O.P. Aiyelari
Title : Local knowledge and socio-economic determinants of traditional medicines utilization in livestock health management in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 8:2, (2012) http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/pdf/1746-4269-8-2.pdf
Symptoms : V(008x), V(098), V(137)
Recipes : V(008x) bloody diarrhoea, an infusion of crushed fruit of Ximenia americana (wild Oliver) given to animals
V(137) sores of domestic animals , crushed bark of Ximenia americana (wild Oliver), RNS.
V(098) sleeping sickness , extract of roots of Ximenia americana (wild Oliver) with that of Annona senegalensis or Annona. chrysophylla, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Southwest Nigeria
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Reference VO 11
Author(s) : Onana, J
Title : Les ligneux fourragers du Nord-Cameroun. 1. Inventaire et phénologie. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire des Pays tropicaux, Volume. 48 (2), pp. 213 - 219 (1995)
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vc(095) leaves of Ximenia americana fairly researched, Vb(095) leaves very few researched by animals
Region : Central Africa
Country : Cameroon (North region)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Reference VP 06
Author(s) : Pordié, L. & M. Magaud
Title : Soins vétérinaires populaires en pays peul. Le cas de la trypanosomiase animale. Ethnopharmacologia, no 27, p.12 - 30 (septembre 2001). Bulletin de la société française http://www.ethnopharmacologia.org/default.asp?page=revued'ethnopharmacologie et de la société européenne d'ethnopharmacologie
Symptoms : V(054)
Recipes : Vb(054) daaso, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal (Peul of the Sine salum region)
Vernacular name : ceeni
Reference VR 04
Author(s) : Rimbach, L.
Title : Traditional methods of treating cattle diseases. Report for ASA (Studienaufenthalte in Africa, Asien und Latein-Amerika), 19 p., (1977) From reference: VB 10
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), pounded roots in H2O, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ol ama (Masai), lama, lana (Chagga), mtundwe (Gogo), mpingi, mpinqi (Sukuma), mtumbuitumbui, timbui, yumbui
Reference VT 02
Author(s) : Tamboura, H.H., H. Kaboré & S.M. Yaméogo
Title : Ethnomédecine et pharmacopée vétérinaires traditionnelles dans le Passoré. Rev. Méd. Pharm. Afr., Vol. 11 - 12, 99 - 118, (1997 - 1998) et Ethnomédecine vétérinaire et pharmacopée traditionnelle dans le plateau central du Burkina Faso : cas de la province du Passoré. Biotechnol. Agrom. Soc. Environ. Vol. 2 (3), 181-191 (1998)
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041, 1) (banko (Moor‚), koengal (Peulh), Ximenia americana, Khaya senegalensis , VO., 1X, maceration of barks + H2O, the whole in a new calabash, RNS.
Region : Sahelian Africa
Country : Burkina-Faso (Passore province)
Vernacular name : leenga (Mooré)
Reference VW 01
Author(s) : Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G.
Title : The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa.E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., Edinburg and London, Second edition, 1457 p., (1962) (partially from the references VM 18, HV 09, HC 26, HL 22, HS 32)
Symptoms : V(004), V(008x), V(106)
Recipes : V(004), crushed barks, astringent , RNS.(Angola)
Vb(008x), fruits or roots, decoction, RNS. (Zambia, Zimbabwe)
V(004), V(106), crushed leaves on wounds , to repel flies (East and South Africa)
Region : East, West and South Africa
Country : Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, East and South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference VW 02
Author(s) : Wilbert
Title : Etudes sur la zootechnie et la pathologie du Soudan Français (Haut Sénégal, Niger et Haute Volta). Pharmacopée indigène, 242 - 247, (1920) From ref. : VB 10
Symptoms : V(051)
Recipes : Vb(051), stems, leaves, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Burkina-Faso, Mali, Senegal
Vernacular name : not registered