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Reference : HC 18

Author(s) : Chifundera K.
Title : Antivenomous plants used in the Zairean pharmacopoeia. African Study Monographs, 7 : 21 -35, March 1987
Reference HC 18 has information about 55 plants :
Acacia sp.
Official name : Acacia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, powder of "lukerere" = Acacia sp., + H2O, 2 spoonfulls, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kalehe in Kivu)
Vernacular name : lukerere (Kitembo)
Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name : Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC. , Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, vaccine made with the decoction of young leaves of Spilanthes mauritiana
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kabare, Walungu)
Vernacular name : chenda (Mashi)
Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, paste ou juice of roots of Aframomum laurentii, local application
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kalehe, Kivu)
Vernacular name : bitakungurwa (Mashi), bosoobo ((Mongo), matungulu (Kirega)
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, VO., decoction (H2O) of roots of Aframomun sanguinetum + cover the bite with paste prepared with peeled fruit, young shoot in mixture of salt added to Oxalis corniculata
H(020) snake, rub the wound with the maceration of the whole plant of Oxalis corniculata, swallow the juice of masticated plant; make paste with mixture of Oxalis corniculata and Aframomum sanguineum, add the salt and cover the bite
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lwiro, Buloli, Kabare)
Vernacular name : bitakungurwa (Mashi), matungulu (Kirega)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, the whole plant of Ageratum conyzoides, maceration (H2O) or juice, VO
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Nyakadaka, Kabare, Walungu)
Vernacular name : kahyole (Mashi)
Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Official name : Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, roots of Allophylus africanus, maceration (H2O), VO. + a bit of wood like an adhesive on the bite
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Ruzizi, Tshibinda in the savana)
Vernacular name : kashushumuhanda (Mashi), mutulituli (Kitembo)
Aloe lateritia Engl.
Official name : Aloe lateritia Engl.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, maceration of leaves of Aloe lateritia, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lwiro, Kabare, Shaba)
Vernacular name : chizimymuliro (Mashi), kishinie-shinie (Tshiluba)
Alstonia congensis Engl.
Official name : Alstonia congensis Engl.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Alstonia gilletii De Wild.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, extract of the whole plant of Alstonia congensis , VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Walikale)
Vernacular name : mutongo (Kitembo)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, immunization is obtained with decoction of roots or with maceration of leaves and barks of Annona arenaria
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Ruzizi)
Vernacular name : kitobi (Kifulero), lukwangu (Kitembo), , lolo (Kikongo), kilololo (Tshiluba), bonenge-na esobe (Lingala)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, powder of routs of Annona senegalensis, extract (H2O), VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Shaba)
Vernacular name : mulolo (Tshiluba)
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name : Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, maceration of the roots of Asparagus africanus or powder of the whole plant on the bite
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Ruzizi)
Vernacular name : kashasha, hinyamigenge, (Mashi), umushabishabi (Kinyarwanda)
Asparagus racemosus Willd.
Official name : Asparagus racemosus Willd.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, VO. maceration of roots of Asparagus racemosus or sprinkle the bite with powder of the whole plant.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lwiro)
Vernacular name : hinyamigenge (Mashi)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake VO., H2O extract of the whole plant of Bidens pilosa
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lwiro, Walungu)
Vernacular name : kashisha {Mashi and Kitembo), nanzwenzwe {Kihehe)
Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau.
Official name : Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, VO., maceration (H2O) of leaves of Brillantaisia cicatricosa (cicatrizing effect, anti-inflammatory-necrosis-oedema again Dendroaspis, Naja type snake)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic)(Lwiro, Kabare, Kalehe)
Vernacular name : mushegemanjoka (Mashi), ikirogora (Kinyarwanda)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, maceration of the whole plant of Capsicum frutescens, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lwiro)
Vernacular name : piripiri (Mashi), pilipili (Kswahili)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, maceration of fresh leaves of Cassia alata, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kisantu, Kisangani, Musenge, Walikale)
Vernacular name : mokolo (Azande)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, maceration of fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis, VO. (cicatrizing effect, anti-inflammatory-necrosis-oedema again Dendroaspis type snake)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lwiro)
Vernacular name : mwengajini (Kiswahili), mushegemanjoka (Mashi), umuyoka, kisogera (KinyarWanda), matsambisambi (Kikongo).
Cassytha filiformis L.
Official name : Cassytha filiformis L.
Family : Lauraceae
Synonyms : Cassytha guineensis Schum. & Thonn.
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, maceration (H2O) of the whole plant of Cassytha filiformis, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic)
Vernacular name : limerhahasha (Mashi)
Cissampelos owariensis P. Beauv. ex DC.
Official name : Cissampelos owariensis P. Beauv. ex DC.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, rub the bite with maceration (H2O) of the whole plant of Cissampelos owariensis
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Shaba, Lwiro)
Vernacular name : lukija (Kihehe), lususumvu (Tshiluba), kahu1u1a (Mashi).
Cissampelos pareira L.T
Official name : Cissampelos pareira L.T
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, rub the bite with maceration (H2O) of the whole plant of Cissampelos pareira
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Lwiro)
Vernacular name : kahulula (Mashi), lrikija (Kihehe).