Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

Search |  Practical Guide |  Contact |  Authors |  Disclaimer

Reference : HC 51

Author(s) : Constant, N. L. , M. P. Tshisikhawe
Title : Hierarchies of knowledge: ethnobotanical knowledge, practices and beliefs of the Vhavenda in South Africa for biodiversity conservation Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 14:56 (2018) https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-018-0255-2
Reference HC 51 has information about 84 plants :
Acacia albida Del.
Official name : Acacia albida Del.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev.
Symptoms :
Recipes : Vb(095) fruits of Faidherbia albida eaten by cattle
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muhoto (Vhavenda), ana tree,apple ring, winter thorn (English)
Acacia albida Del.
Official name : Acacia albida Del.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) venereal disease, bark of Faidherbia albida , RNS
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muhoto (Vhavenda), ana tree,apple ring, winter thorn (English)
Afrocanthium mundianum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Lantz
Official name : Afrocanthium mundianum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Lantz
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) fruits of Afrocanthium mundianum: edible fruit is known as "thomboti"
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mutomboti (Vhavenda), rock-alder (English)
Amaranthus cruentus L.
Official name : Amaranthus cruentus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(095), H(239)
Recipes : H(095) leaves: edible vegetable; eaten with porridge;
- H(091) stimulant , stem: seasoning to be mixed with the leaves of Corchorus tridens; also mixed with Ricinus communis to make a stimulant named snuff
H(239) Bark stem: used to make charcoal
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mukango (Vhavenda), red amaranth, wild amaranth, purple maranth, Cockscomb (English)
Amaranthus hybridus L.
Official name : Amaranthus hybridus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Amaranthus caudatus L.
Symptoms : H(095), H(151), H(200x)
Recipes : H(095) leaves of Amaranthus hybridus: edible vegetable; mixed with tomatoes and salt; relish eaten with porridge;
H(200x) infusion of leaves used to make a drink for new-born children named "khongodoli" to bolster the immune system
H(151) infusion of leaves is also used to treat high blood pressure
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : vowa (Vhavenda), smooth pigweed (English)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) fruit of Annona senegalensis: edible fruits
H(095) root bark added to porridge for babies for its nutritional value
H(103) toothache, bark, RNS.
H(239) wood for firewood
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muembe (Vhavenda), african custard apple (English)
Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Official name : Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Family : Gentianaceae
Symptoms : H(151), H(201), H(240)
Recipes : H(151) high blood pressure barks of Anthocleista grandiflora, RNS.
H(240) leaves: used to cover maize grains to encourage germination when malt is prepared;
H(201) used to cover female bodies during rituals
Important for storing water close to rivers
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mueneene (Vhavenda), big leaf, cabbage tree, fever tree, forest big-leaf, tobacco tree (English)
Athrixia phylicoides DC.
Official name : Athrixia phylicoides DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) leaves of Athrixia phylicoides boiled and mixed with Hibiscus trionum to make a tea
H(095) Fruits: used to make a dish named thopi from the fruits named "gwadi"
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mutshatsha (Vhavenda), bushman’s tea (English)
Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
Official name : Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
Family : Pteridaceae
Symptoms : H(240)
Recipes : H(240) soil fertility, grows in cultivating fields and the presence of Athyrium filix-femina indicates soil fertility
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muvangulure (Vhavenda), lady fern (English)
Bauhinia galpinii N. E. Br.
Official name : Bauhinia galpinii N. E. Br.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) roots of Bauhinia galpinii eaten as food with soft porridge for young babies
H(095) Fruits: edible fruit
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mutswiriri (Vhavenda), lowveld bauhinia (English)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(200x)
Recipes : H(095) leaves: edible vegetable eaten with porridge; leaves are dried and used during times of drought or famine
H(200x) bolsters the immune system
- H(095) given to new born babies to be eaten with soft porridge.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mushidzhi (Vhavenda),black jack, beggars ticks (English)
Brachylaena discolor DC.
Official name : Brachylaena discolor DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(203), H(204), H(239)
Recipes : H(068) leaves of Brachylaena discolor treating roundworm
H(203) wood: carving spoons; fences; huts; and poles; support for the neck to correct bad posture in children
H(204) threads for ties
H(239) firewood. charcoal
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mufhata (Vhavenda), forest silver oak (English)
Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv.
Official name : Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv.
Family : Ochnaceae
Symptoms : H(201), H(209)
Recipes : H(201) roots of Brackenridgea zanguebarica, stem, bark and leaves: medicine to protect homesteads and territories from enemies
H(209) bark added to other medicines to enhance its potency
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mutavhatsindi (Vhavenda),yellow-peeling tree (English)
Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper and Wood
Official name : Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper and Wood
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(000)
Recipes : Tree of Breonadia salicina used to store water
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mutulume (Vhavenda), wild oleander, african teak (English)
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(200x)
Recipes : H(095) edible fruits are eaten and are black in colour; found close to rivers and cultivated fields
H(200x) Bark: bolsters the immune system
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : munzere (Vhavenda),coastal goldenlead (English)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(108), H(175x)
Recipes : H(095) edible fruits of Carica papaya
H(108) Bark: steam of bark used to cure symptoms of flu
H(175x) body lotion, ONS., RNS
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mupapawe (Vhavenda), papaya tree (English)
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(095), H(239)
Recipes : H(095) fruit: edible fruits of Carissa edulis
H(095) roots: soaked and mixed with other vegetables to make a relish and eaten with porridge;
H(239) wood for firewood
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : murungulu (Vhavenda),simple-spined Num-Num, climbing Num-Num, small Num-Num (English)
Cassia petersiana Bolle
Official name : Cassia petersiana Bolle
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna petersiana (Bolle) Lock
Symptoms : H(095), H(103)
Recipes : H(095) seeds pods of Senna petersiana edible and eaten during times of drought or hunger;
H(103) roots: toothache, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : munembenembe (Vhavenda), monkey pod, eared senna (English)
Celtis africana Burm. f.
Official name : Celtis africana Burm. f.
Family : Ulmaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) stem of branches of Celtis africana: used to make magical sticks which are driven into the ground to protect against witchcraft
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mumvumvu (Vhavenda), white stinkwood (English - Afrikaan)
Cephalanthus natalensis Oliv.
Official name : Cephalanthus natalensis Oliv.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) fruits of Cephalanthus natalensis: ripened fruit is eaten.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : murondo (Vhavenda),strawberry bush, quinine berry, far far Tree ( (English)