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Reference : HD 04

Author(s) : Desouter, S.
Title : Pharmacopée humaine et vétérinaire du Rwanda. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 22, 254 p., (1991)
Reference HD 04 has information about 96 plants :
Acacia brevispica Harms
Official name : Acacia brevispica Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), stems as brush teeth
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugeyo (Kinyarwanda)
Acalypha villicaulis Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Official name : Acalypha villicaulis Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris, pounded leaves, warm juice, VO., childs 1 spoon
H(091), for child and mother, barks roots, chewed
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugonampili (Kinyarwanda)
Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Official name : Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Acanthus arboreus C.B.Clarke
Symptoms : H(002x), H(030)
Recipes : H(002x), leaves, local application
H(030), leaves Entada abyssinica + roots Acanthus pubescens, decoction (H2O) , RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name : igitovu (Kinyarwanda), lurhadu (Zaïre, Bukavu)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(037)
Recipes : H(006), H(007),H(037) pneumonia, whole plant, pounded H2O, juice, 1 gulp morning and evening
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushomorankoko, umushomborankoko (Kinyarwanda)
Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name : Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC. , Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Symptoms : H(103), H(137)
Recipes : H(103) + H(137), flowers, chewed, juice, to rub the gums and keep the rest in the mouth a long time as sedative
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ubushwima (Kinyarwanda)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(004), H(100), H(118), H(131)
Recipes : H(004) + H(100) syph., Clerodendrum myricoides, Ageratum conyzoides, Thunbergia alata , ONS., RNS.
H(004), pounded leaves, juice on wounds
H(004), pounded leaves, plaster on wounds, Uganda (Ankole)
H(118) + H(131), laryngitis from yaws, roots coocked in banana beer, VO., 2 soup spoons , 1X / day
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : ruheha, kaziraruguma, inkuruba, uruheza, karura (Kinyarwanda), butabuta (Uganda, Ankole)
Aloe volkensii Engl.
Official name : Aloe volkensii Engl.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(051)
Recipes : H(006) purg., leaves, sap, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igikakarumbamba (Kinyarwanda)
Anisopappus africanus (Hook. f.) Oliv. & Hiern
Official name : Anisopappus africanus (Hook. f.) Oliv. & Hiern
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, pounded leaves, juice, VO.
H(108), pounded leaves, juice, drops in nose
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuretezaho (Kinyarwanda)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(008), H(103), H(113)
Recipes : H(008), ONS., RNS.
H(103), roots, decoction (H2O) , RNS.
H(113), roots, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikilyohera (Kinyarwanda)
Basella alba L.
Official name : Basella alba L.
Family : Basellaceae
Synonyms : Basella rubra L.
Symptoms : H(004), H(088)
Recipes : H(004) + H(088), pounded leaves, infusion, wash the wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : indarama (Kinyarwanda)
Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Official name : Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(020)
Recipes : H(008), young buds, juice, VO. (Bushi)
H(020) snake, pounded roots, rubed on the snake bite. The bite is scarifyed and sucked
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi)
Vernacular name : ikigwarara (Kinyarwanda), mugwigwi (Zaïre, Bushi)
Blepharispermum pubescens S. Moore
Official name : Blepharispermum pubescens S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(019)
Recipes : H(019), ONS. Blepharispermum pubescens, Chenopodium opulifolium , Polygala luteoviridis (kamenamaseke), RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umunyuragisaka (Kinyarwanda)
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Official name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng.
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139), leaves, decoction (H2O), RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukunde, intenderwa (Kinyarwanda), pois cajan (Français), pigeon pea (English)
Canthium glaucum Hiern
Official name : Canthium glaucum Hiern
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139), fruit, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umurengarutare (Kinyarwanda)
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(075), H(112)
Recipes : H(075), roots, stems barks, to dry, pounded, maceration, VO., 1/2 spoon morning and evening for weak and mad people
H(112), roots barks Carissa edulis + roots Microglossa pyrifolia, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umunyonza, umuyonza (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(001), H(068), H(108)
Recipes : H(001), pounded leaves, decoction (H2O) , steam bath + eyes lotion with cold decoction
H(068), small intestinal worms, leaves, juice, 1 small spoon + milk, VO. on empty stomach
H(108), pounded leaves, juice + H2O, drops in nose
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubagabaga, umucyuro, umucyurabuhoro (Kinyarwanda)
Celosia stuhlmanniana Schinz
Official name : Celosia stuhlmanniana Schinz
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris, pounded plant + banana beer, fermentation during 4 days, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugozi (Kinyarwanda)
Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Official name : Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(019), H(020), H(046), H(068)
Recipes : H(013), dartres-prurit, leaves + petiole, pounded, juice + kaolin + butter, ointment
H(019), ONS. Blepharispermum pubescens, Chenopodium opulifolium , Polygala luteoviridis (kamenamaseke), RNS
H(020) snake, Gabon viper and buffer viper, leaves Chenopodium opulifolium, Hibiscus fuscus, pounded, paste on bite (Zaïre, Bushi)
H(046) chicken-pox, pounded leaves + H2O, maceration, VO.(small quantities) + enema, 2 à 4 X/week, wash the body
H(068), anthelminthic, dry seeds, powder + warm banana beer, VO., after that VO. milk
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi)
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kinyarwanda)
Clematis simensis Fres.
Official name : Clematis simensis Fres.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(113)
Recipes : H(104), stems + leaves, pounded + H2O + sorgho beer, VO., 2 gulps morning and evening during many days
H(113), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukamba, umunkamba (Kinyarwanda)
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(004), H(100), H(068), H(099)
Recipes : H(004) + H(100) syph., Clerodendrum myricoides, Ageratum conyzoides, Thunbergia alata , ONS., RNS.
H(068) childs, root's barks, decoction (H2O) + salt + butter, VO.
H(099) epilepsy, pounded leaves, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukuzanya (Kinyarwanda)