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Reference : HH 1k

Author(s) : Harjula, R.
Title : Mirau and his practice.A study of the ethnomedicinal repertoire of a tanzanian herbalist. Institut for cultural research, University of Turku, Finland, 224 p., (1980)TRI-MED BOOKS LTD: LONDON Registered Office: 5 Tudor Cottage, Lovers Walk, Finchley, London, N3 1JH
Reference HH 1k has information about 71 plants :
Acacia drepanolobium Harms ex Sjöstedt
Official name : Acacia drepanolobium Harms ex Sjöstedt
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(027y)
Recipes : H(027y), after-birth, the bark (a piece of about 7x7crn ) is boiled in water, : makes one dose. lt should be taken only once.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : tuai
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, roots are pounded and boiled, and the solution then taken aIl at once. Like the other udo remedies, Mukyekye also causes vomiting.
H(051) paludism, roots are pounded and boiled and the solution is taken by mouth as an emetic.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mukyekye
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), 1 to 3 leaves of the size of 5x7 cm are chewed and the juice swallowed; for a child, 1 small leaf is enough, if the leaves are boiled, 6 leaves give one dose of half a glassful.
Magilambori belongs to the most powerful group of remedies used by Mirau for stomach disease.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : magilambori
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), worms (makuru ya ndeu) , H(068)white worms (makuru meelo): tapeworm, root bark is ground, dried and mixed with bot milk; fresh root bark can be used in thesame way. A 50 cm piece of the root, 0,5-1.0 cm in diameter, makes up an average dose, administered only once, as it causes severe diarrhoea. it is recommends to mix with Saitona
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : Mukuta
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), A handful of the leaves is boiled to make a dose of somewhat more than half a litre; the dose may be repeated after 2 days if necessary. Child ren are given less.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : sumangara
Barleria mucronata Lindau
Official name : Barleria mucronata Lindau
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020), The most well-known poisonous snakes include cobras, mambas and puff-adders. For snakebites, (Symptoms: The heart of the patient beats very fast)The leaves are chewed and then rubbed between the palms into a baIl which is applied to the bite. During this procedure, the patient keeps the eyes shut.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : tungurushashe
Bersama abyssinica Fres.
Official name : Bersama abyssinica Fres.
Family : Melianthaceae
Synonyms : Bersama abyssinica subsp. engleriana (Gürke) F.White
Symptoms : H(093)
Recipes : H(093), Poisoning, stomach ache,vomiting, constipation; later also blood appears in the stools, as 'the poison cuts the stomach'., the leaves of the plant are boiled; 30-40 leaves of 5 x 10 cm in size will produce a dose of 4-5 glassfuls of infusion, to be taken aIl at the same time.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : kirangwe
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) flowers and stalks are boiled; 4 plants of about 45 cm in height give a dose of about half a litre.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : mamiso
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(093), H(104)
Recipes : H(104), bark is dried and ground to a granular consistency and not into a powder (the crumbly result looks remarkably like dry elephantstool); 1 pinch of the granules , RNS.
H(093), Poisoning; particularly those cases in which it is suspected that women's menstrual blood bas been swallowed along with food. The bark is dried and ground into rough crumbs and 1 pinch of the crumbs is mixed with 1 glass ful of bot water, 1 glass ful is taken each day for 3-4 days, or 2 glass fuls can be swallowed just once.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : yaarile
Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Official name : Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill.
Family : Simaroubaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(104)
Recipes : H(013) skin disease: ltching rash (meele), ltching rash on different parts of the body. A large amount of leaves is boiled and the solution is then applied to the rash.
H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), A few pieces of the root are boiled, and the solution taken as a purgative; the dosage depends on the patient. According to Mirau, the leaves of telekuru are 'very poisonous' .
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : lelekuru
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston
Official name : Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), Stomach Disease (ndwari ya ndeu), A 10 cm piece ofthe root, about 1 cm in diameter, is boiled and this yields one dose. lt is ad ministered 1 dose a day for 2 consecutive days, if needed. Unrushu does not act as an emeticor a purgative, but just 'opens' and 'softens' the stomach so that it functions normally again.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : unrushu
Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Official name : Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Calpurnia subdecandra (L'Hérit.) Schweick.
Symptoms : H(092), H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), about 12-15 branchs are boiled to make a dose of 3 glassfuls; the whole dose is taken at one time and only once. Kyangare causes an immediate vomiting. Because of its prompt emetic action, Kyangare is recommended in cases of suspected poisoning, H(092)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : not registered
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(018), H(093), H(104)
Recipes : H(018), headache (mavavio ya nrwa), pains in the head, concentrated in theforehead, temples and the back part of the head. The root is dried and ground and then smoked like obacco; alternatively, the root may be burned or boiled and the smoke or vapour inhaled; the powdered root can also be used as a snuff.
H(093), This cure is used especially if it is suspected that the poisonous Makirutu (Capparis tomentosa Lam.) hasbeen swallowed.The leaves are boiled and the resulting solution taken aIl at once. This results in vomiting. It is also uses as a remedy for stomach disease H(104)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : makirutu
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(018), H(091)
Recipes : H(091), the roots are cleansed and boiled and the brew taken as such or mixed with soup. Carissa cleanses the blood. Th is prepa ration may be used also to prevent loss of strength
H(018), Mirau also recommends Carissa edulis as a remedy for headache
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : lamuriake
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), stomach disease (ndwari ya ndeu), fresh leaves are boiled and the solution drunk,or the leaves are ru bbed between the palms of the hands and eaten with banana; the leaves can also be dried and ground and the powder belongs to the most powerful group of purgatives : a couple of leaves are enough for one dose and the remedy taken only once. It may not be given to children, or to a pregnan woman
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : ivinu
Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Official name : Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(013), H(027y), H(108)
Recipes : H(013), skin disease: ltching rash (meele) This remedy is prepared and used in the same way as Mangumo . 3-5 handfulsofthe leaves are boiled,and the solution is added to 10-15 litres of local beer. The mixture is then taken according to the need of the patient. The beer mixed with Mangumo helps in cleansing the womb' as well as the blood and also gives the women strength after giving birth.H(013) , skin disease: ltching rash (meele), 50 leaves are boiled and the solution taken orally , 1 glassful 3 times a day. A handful of leaves makes up an average dose for a whole day, that is, 3 glassfuls.
H(100) gono.rrhoea and syphilis , ONS., RNS.
H(108) cough with fever (ikorua), leaves and stalks are boiled and the vapour , inhaled; a blanket may be used as a 'tent' to cover the patient for a delayed after-birth H(027y) and as a topical remedy for a for a delayed after-birth and as a topical remedy for a skin diseaseH(013)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : meefu
Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Official name : Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(027y)
Recipes : H(027y), delayed after-birth, 3-5 handfulsofthe leaves are boiled,and the solution is added to 10-15 litres of local beer. The mixture is then taken according to the need of the patient. The beer mixed with Mangumo helps in cleansing the womb' as well as the blood and also gives the women strength after giving birth.
H(013) , Skin Disease: ltching Rash (meele), 50 leaves are boiled and the solution taken orally , 1 glassful 3 times a day. A handful of leaves makes up an average dose for a whole day, that is, 3 glassfuls.
H(100) gono.rrhoea and syphilis , ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : iwombo
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(179), kidney pains (mavavio ya fio), the root is boiled, and the solution drunk.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : isunukui
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(179)
Recipes : H(033) femal , temporary Barrenness, pieces of the root are boiled; a handful of the pieces makes 1 glassful. This constitutes the daily dose, taken at one time.
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : isunukui
Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(108)
Recipes : H(018), beating headache (mavavio ya nrwa). A piece of the root is cut and then twisted with both hands; the poignant vapour of the root is inhaled a few times. This should be repeated only twice a day, because too mucl) sniffing can make the patient 'drunk' . The remedy is used for aIl ages, even for small children. Yaatlla is also used as a remedy for a cold in the nose H(108)
Region : East Africa
Country : Tanzania
Vernacular name : yaatha