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Reference : HK 73

Author(s) : Kerharo, J.
Title : L'aromathérapie et la gemmothérapie dans la pharmacopée sénégalaise traditionnelle Journal d'agriculture tropicale et de botanique appliquée, vol. 18, n°4-6, pp. 109-141; Avril-mai-juin 1971.
Reference HK 73 has information about 24 plants :
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091), H(095), H(103), H(139)
Recipes : H(095) Aframomum melegueta supplies the seeds of maniguette or meleguette sold as a spice in all markets
Seeds ordered as H(091) stimulating, H(139) aphrodisiac, H(068) internal tenifuge and like H(103) external anti-ondotalgic in paste applications on decayed teeth.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(001), H(007), H(018), H(022), H(045), H(051), H(113), H(125), H(130)
Recipes : The leaves are probably the most universally used in aromatherapy external drug across Senegal. Pour les actions H(007) diuretic, H(018) migraine, H(045) antiinfectieuse , H(051) febrifuge, leaves arranged in crowns on the head (practices in countries Sérer, Niominka, Socé, Sarakolé, Peul, Toucouleur, Diola)
H(113) rheumatism, leaf poultice " loco dolenti" (recipe Peul)
H(001) eye diseases; by the Sarakolé, instillation of the juice of leaves expression
H(007) diuretic, H(051) paludism, H(125) sudorific, frictions with leaves, crushed bark and salt
H(022) ocytocic in drink with the decoction of leaves
H(113) rheumatism, aches, H(130) paralysis, leaves mixed with the seed oil of Carapa procera
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : mbentamaré, khob bu adiana (= feuilles du paradis): (Wolof); bénéfénié : (Sérer) : mbala fine (Bambara): kasalo; sarakolé, makakasé (Manding, Socé); adiana, tasbat (Peul, Toucouleur) : kaputa bana (kaputa = puant) (Diola) ; dakémal (Baïnouk)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(007), H(045), H(082), H(092), H(100), H(102), H(113), H(162), H(196), H(200)
Recipes : H(007) diuretic, H(100) gonorrhea, root bark of Citrus aurantiifolia in association, as a decoction, with leafy twigs and seeds.
H(162) urinary retention; H(082) respiratory tract diseasess; decoction of leaves of Citrus aurantiifolia in drink
In aromatherapy the lemon tree is recommended for internal use as H(200) bactericidal, H(007) diuretic, H(113) antirheumatic, H(196) antiscorbutic, H(102) biliary regulator, H(092) antitoxic; externally used as H(045) antiseptic, H(004) cicatrising, H(014) dermatosis
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : lemon, limon (Wolof, Sérer, Peul, Toucouleur, Niominka): limono; (Manding) ; bulem mugna; (Diola): kitoni; (Baïnouk), citronnier, lime, limettier acide, citron vert (Français local)
Combretum molle R. Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Combretum molle R. Br. ex G. Don
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum sokodense Engl. , Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms : H(099x)
Recipes : H(099x) exciting: The smoke released by the bark and burned branches of Combretum molle on fiery embers would exalt the fighting instincts of the individuals. Often, before the wrestling sessions, future opponents submit to the action of these fumes
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : maniaka (Malinké, Bambara) : nianiakeue, nianiatav (Peul, Toucouleur) : agnéorène.(Bassari)
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(039), H(045), H(082)
Recipes : Resin used in aromatherapy: H(018) migraine, H(039) insecticide, H(045) antiseptic , H(082) respiratory diseases: Ten oblique incisions are collected from the trunk and dried in the sun, pounded, kneaded and shaped into balls that are introduced into small calabashes. This myrrh is burned. Smoke is a general and respiratory antiseptic, antimigraine, insecticide
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : sang, ngolotot, mootut, gnotot (Wolof); ngoniam (Sérer) : darasé, barakanti (Bambara), badadi.(Peul, Toucouleur), myrrhe africaine, bdellium d'Afrique.(Français)
Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov.
Official name : Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(027x), H(051), H(076), H(091), H(100), H(103), H(195)
Recipes : H(195) Wolof and Sérer still advise a decoction of roots and leaves of Cymbopogon giganteus (bègnfala) with bark of Sclerocarya birrea for dropsy
H(051), H(027x) by the Serer and the Niominka of Saloum the decoction is given in drink to the febrile children and the women having aborted..
H(103), H(076) In Casamance the dry leaves serve as masticatory for gingivitis, canker sores and various stomatitis of children
H(007), H(100), H(091) In eastern Senegal the whole plant macerate is given as a drink as diuretic, gonorrhea and in general body wash as a defatigant
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : bègnfala, gadié (Wolof) : mbal (Sérer) : iniak (Niominka); tièn-kala (Malinké, Bambara ) : bèngnfalo, wa, wakasala; (Socé) : konioré (Sarakolé): dagé (Peul) : nipéré (Toucouleur): ébukay (Diola
Cyperus articulatus L.
Official name : Cyperus articulatus L.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(139)
Recipes : H(018) headache, tubers of Cyperus articulatus, after drying and spraying, are sometimes used to fight headaches in dry inhalations and frontal applications.
H(139) Aromatherapy aphrodisiac, women wear rhizomes in necklace, both as an adornment and like attractive charm for male lusts.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : gawé, gowé, ndégit; (Wolof ) : yig (Sérer) : oyé; (Niominka): gowé ( Peul, Toucouleur)
Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Official name : Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler
Symptoms : H(008), H(018), H(038), H(068), H(103), H(104)
Recipes : H(068) deworming: Niominka use the bark of Fagara zanthoxyloides
H(008) diarrhea, dysentery, H(038) urethritis, H(068) intestinal worms, H(104) enteritis The Wolof mainly use leaves and roots
H(103) antiodontalgia, peel of the root with tangy flavor is sialagogue and leaves for stomatitis, gingivitis, caries ….
H(018) migraines, neuralgia, applications on the head or forehead, distribution of the plants on the patient's bed, inhalation with boiling water, etc., leaves, barks of stems and especially roots after being split and more or less wrinkled
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : ndengidek, niodj, horanpolé ala (Wolof): nïodj; (Sérer) : iniotj, inok (Niominka): wo; (Malinké, Bambara, Manding) :samatinio ; (Socé): goro ngua; (Bambara) : mantju; (Balant) : barkelé; bu-sane, nisédient; (Peul) : (Diola)
Hyptis spicigera Lam.
Official name : Hyptis spicigera Lam.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(039), H(201)
Recipes : H(037) pulmonary diseases; theiforme drink based on Hyptis spicigera as eupneic, bicic, exciting and fluidifying bronchial secretions.
H(039) insecticide. The smoke released by burning the whole plant of Hyptis spicigera
H(201) whole stems with leaves and fruits are used as kafulongay (medicine of the dead) by the Diola de Brun-Séléki (Casamance) for the embalming of the chiefs
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : lebalep, bugor (Wolof); (Sérer) : bubugn gor, niankotan; (Sérer) : nugu; (Bambara) : bénédio; (Socé); : bénéfing, lubodiel; (Peul, Toucouleur) : kafulongay (= médicament pour les morts); (Séléki) (Diola):
Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Official name : Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(039), H(201)
Recipes : H(037) pulmonary diseases; theiforme drink à base de Hyptis suaveolens comme eupnéique, béchique, exciting et fluidifiant des sécrétions bronchiques.
H(039) insecticide. La fumée dégagée par la combustion de la plante entière de Hyptis suaveolens
H(201) whole stems with leaves and fruits are used as kafulongay (medicine of the dead) by the Diola de Brun-Séléki (Casamance) for the embalming of the chiefs
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : hasawan, ngugum; (Wolof): nané;(Sérer) : duté (mot déformé du thé).(Niominka)
Icacina senegalensis Juss.
Official name : Icacina senegalensis Juss.
Family : Icacinaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(051), H(124)
Recipes : H(124) internal bleeding following shocks (decoction of leaves in fumigations, baths and drinks)
H(037) cough and bronchopulmonary conditions (same techniques)
H(051) infectious febrile states (same techniques)
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : bankanas; (Wolof) : mankanas; (Manding, Socé): iba; (Sérer) : furubang, fatima; (Diola) baïnouk : dianwogon ; bassari : anarham; tandanké : méril
Lantana camara L.
Official name : Lantana camara L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Synonyms : Lantana antidotalis Thonning.
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma; Lantana camara inflorescences, have a stimulatinge action on dyspnea and suffocation attacks.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : duté gambi (nom inexact déformé de thé de Gambie), niur, niulé.(Wolof)
Lippia chevalieri Moldenke
Official name : Lippia chevalieri Moldenke
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(007), H(099), H(104)
Recipes : H(099) calming and invigorating for H(104) the dull and persistent affections of the abdominal region : Traditional healers use macerate or decoction of Lippia chevalieri root powder
H(007) diuretic, parties aériennes, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : thé de Gambie (French
Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels
Official name : Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135) Root preparations of Mondia whitei are recommended in indigestion and more generally as antientéralgique and antitoxic, and sometimes as oxytocic.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : sise nuo; cigu cirigu;(Manding) : (Malinké): ékoné; (Diola): kindé. (Peul) :
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(095)
Recipes : H(095) Ocimum basilicum as a food condiment
H(091) stimulating in theiform drinks.
H(108) In external aromatherapy dry leaf powder is recommended as sternutatory in chronic coryza.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : le lebalep budigene, ngagum; (Wolof): lubalub; (Sérer) : tchukala; (Bambara) : guguman, gnaramel; (Peul, Toucouleur) : gnaramel. (Tandanké)
Ocimum canum Sims
Official name : Ocimum canum Sims
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(053), H(082), H(091), H(103), H(113)
Recipes : The leaf decoction of Ocimum canum is recommended for beverages and ear wash for H(053) mumps, massage for parotitis and gargle for H(103) gingivitis, pyorrhoea, etc.
In Casamance, the aerial parts of the plant after being crushed roughly between the palms of the hands are used in various ways in external aromatherapy for H(082) shortness of breath, H(113) aches, H(018)migraines and H(091) asthenia.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : ngugum; (Wolof) : gugumméwi ; (Peul) : guguma.(Toucouleur)
Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(091)
Recipes : Piper guineense is considered as condiment
H(008) internally as an antidiarrheal as H(091) tonique stimulating. For this last indication we realize an external aromatherapy by baths and dry massages.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : ngnamaku, fêfé; (Bambara) : masésê, diangi, fukungen; (Diola) : Poivrier, Poivrier de Guinée,(Français)
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Official name : Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(037), H(051), H(091), H(131), H(135), H(201)
Recipes : H(008) dysenteric, H(037) antitussive et H(135) eupeptic: decoction of bark powder is recommended or root taken nasal, or better still, as in Casamance, mixed with tobacco in the pipe, for respiratory diseases
H(051) the decoction of leaves (with or without bark) taken boiling in inhalations, and as hot as possible in baths and drinks, constitutes one of the remedies of paludism at Manding and Socé.
In Peul-Toucouleur the trunk and root barks are associated with other drugs which condition its use for H(027z) gravid-puerperal states, H(131) yaws, H(131) adynamic states, etc.
H(201) .P. erinaceus it also has a large number of medico-magical treatments because it is given a great supernormal power, especially among Fulani and Serer.
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : vène; (Wolof) : ba-ne, mba-ne; (Sérer) : gué, génu, géno; (Malinké, Bambara ) : kéno, kino, tiéno; (Manding, Socé) : kori; (Sarakolé) : bani, banibaley ; (Peul, Toucouleur): kanonaku, bukone; (Diola) : tikone; (Baïnook) : gandak; : (Tandanké), santal du Sénégal (Français)
Ritchiea capparoides (Andrews) Britten
Official name : Ritchiea capparoides (Andrews) Britten
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(054)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis and ocular diseases in general, instillation of the expression juice of Ritchiea capparoides leaves or decoction
H(001) leaves picked in the dry season finely crushed and pulverized and stored in hermetically sealed metal cans , dry facial inhalation of the powder
H(054) trypanosomiasis, roots and leafy twigs are applied in plaster on the neck ganglia of trypanosomes
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : bubébène barasit (= médicament des ganglions), kabuful, som som, busamaye; (Diola): banana hamata; (Foup): kaluf, khalal; (Baïnouk) : bukokeukes. (Mandjak) :
Salvadora persica L.
Official name : Salvadora persica L.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) The stems of Salvadora persica are used as toothbrush in the different regions of its dispersal area
Region : West Africa
Country : Senegal
Vernacular name : gao; (Wolof) : hirigésé; (Malinké): hiroy; (Peul) :gudi ; (Toucouleur) : Arbre brosse à dents. (Français local)