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Reference : HK 76

Author(s) : Kioko, J., J. Baker, A. Shannon and C. Kiffner
Title : Ethnoecological knowledge of ticks and treatment of tick-borne diseases among Maasai people in Northern Tanzania Veterinary World 8(6):755-762. www.veterinaryworld.org/Vol.8/June-2015/12.pdf
Reference HK 76 has information about 25 plants :
Acacia drepanolobium Harms ex Sjöstedt
Official name : Acacia drepanolobium Harms ex Sjöstedt
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(005)
Recipes : V(005) brucellosis (Orkibiroto (Masaï)), boil or soak bark of Acacia drepanolobium, feed solution to animal, 1 L a day for 2-4 days, very effective (Tick vector : blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick; (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : eluai (Masaï)
Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth.
Official name : Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Mimosa mellifera Vahl.
Symptoms : V(035)
Recipes : V(035) East coast fever, boil bark of Acacia mellifera of Dalbergia melanoxylon and feed solution to animal, 2 L 2 × day for 4 days, moderately effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick; (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : oiti (Masaï)
Acacia nubica Benth.
Official name : Acacia nubica Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia oerforta (Forssk.) Schweinf.
Symptoms : V(005)
Recipes : V(005) brucellosis (Orkibiroto (Masaï)), boil together bark of Acacia nubica and Adansonia digitata, give solution to animal 1 L 1×day for 3 days, very effective (Tick vector : blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goatt Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick; (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : oldepe (Masaï)
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : V(005)
Recipes : V(005) brucellosis (orkibiroto (Masaï)), boil bark of Adansonia digitata and give solution to cattle, 350 mL, once, very effective (Tick vector : blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick)
V(005) brucellosis, boil together bark of Acacia nubica and Adansonia digitata, give solution to animal 1 L 1 × day for 3 days, very effective (Tick vector : blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick; (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : olmasera (Masaï)
Agave sisalana Perr.
Official name : Agave sisalana Perr.
Family : Agavaceae
Symptoms : V(047), V(014)
Recipes : V(047) heartwater (ormilo (Masaï)), Chop up and boil leaf of Agave sisalana, give 1 L of solution every other day, for 3 days, rarely effective (Tick vector: bont tick)
Vb(014) sweating sickness cattle (acute, febrile, tickborne toxicosis) (oltikana looholo (Masaï), Chop up and soak in water, give solution to animal, 0.5 L 1×day for 3 days, moderately effective (Tick vector, bontlegged tick) Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bontlegged tick (English)) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : olkatani (Masaï)
Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Official name : Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(014), V(047)
Recipes : V(014) lumpy skin (Ormoko (Masaï)), burn of ONS. of Albizia gummifera and crush up coals and press paste onto wounds, apply 1×daily for 7 days, moderately effective (Tick vector, blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick)
V(047) heartwater (ormilo (Masaï)), take leaves and roots of Albizia gummifera, stalk Cissus grandifolia, boil together into solution, 1,5 L le jour 1 et 1,5 L le 3 éme jour 3, rarely effective (Tick vector: bont tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalus spp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick; (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : ormokutan (Masaï)
Aloe volkensii Engl.
Official name : Aloe volkensii Engl.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : V(014), V(035), V(047), V(051), V(117)
Recipes : V(014) lumpy skin ((Ormoko (Masaï)), take fresh leaves of Aloe volkensii, grind them up, mix with water, put ointment on infection, once a day for 4 days, very effective (Tick vector, blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick)
V(015) redwater (Ormilo (Masaï)), boil or soak leaves of Terminalia brownii of Aloe vokensii overnight and give solution to animal, 1 L 2×day for 5 days ; (Tick vector: Blue tick)
V(035) theileriosis (corridor disease) ((Engeeya Osero (Masaî), boil leaves of Aloe volkensii, give solution to animal 1×day for 2-3 days, volume based on body size, moderately effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
V(035) East coast fever, chop leaves and boil, add soda ash, cool, feed solution to animal, 1 L 1×day for several days, rarely effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
V(035) East coast fever, boil leaves, give animal 2 L of solution 1×day until recovered, moderately effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
V(035) East coast fever, boil leaves and stalk of Aloe volkensii and Cissus grandifolia together and let cool, feed solution to animal 1 L 2×day for 3-4 days, moderately effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
V(047) heartwater (ormilo (Masaï)), boil or soak leaves of Terminalia brownii of Aloe volkensii overnight and give solution to animal, 1 L 2 × day for 5 days, very effective (Tick vector: bont tick)
V(117) anaplasmosis (Oltikana oirobi (Masaï)), boil leaves and cool, give solution to animal, 1-4 L 1× /day for 2-5 days, moderately effective (Tick vector : blue tick )
V(117) anaplasmosis, chop leaves and boil, add soda ash, cool, and feed solution to animal, every effective (Tick vector : blue tick )
Vb(014) sweating sickness cattle (acute, febrile, tickborne toxicosis) (oltikana looholo (Masaï), Boil leaves into solution, give animal 0.5 L 1×day for 2-3 days, moderately effective (Tick vector: bont-legged tick)
Vb(014) sweating sickness cattle (acute, febrile, tickborne toxicosis) (oltikana looholo (Masaï), grind up roots and put in warm water; swirl until foamy and bubbles form, bubble applied to tick areas once, very effective (Tick vector: bont-legged tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bontlegged tick) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick), (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : osukuroi (Masaï)
Argemone mexicana L.
Official name : Argemone mexicana L.
Family : Papaveraceae
Symptoms : V(117)
Recipes : V(117)b anaplasmosis (Oltikana oirobi (Masaï)), pound stem, of Argemone mexicana mix in soda ash with a little of water, feed to cow 0.25 kg/1 × day for 3 days, very effective (Tick vector : blue tick ) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : olemoloko (Masaï)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms :
Recipes : Vb(014) sweating sickness cattle (acute, febrile, tickborne toxicosis) (oltikana looholo (Masaï), take leaves and bark of Azadirachta indica, give juice from them to animal, 2×day for 4 days, very effective (Tick vector: bont-legged tick) Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bontlegged tick) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : engusero (Masaï)
Cissus grandifolia Warb.
Official name : Cissus grandifolia Warb.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : V(015), V(035), V(117)
Recipes : V(015) redwater (Ormilo (Masaï)), boil, boil stalk of Cissus grandifolia and feed to animal 350 mL 1×daily until recovered, very effective ; (Tick vector: Blue tick)
V(117) anaplasmosis (Oltikana oirobi (Masaï)), feed the animal a handful of pounded plant for 1 time (×) /day (Tick vector : blue tick )
V(117) anaplasmosis, Chop stalk and boil, cool, and feed to animal, 3 L, 1×/day for 3 days (Tick vector : blue tick )
- V(117) anaplasmosis, mix plant stalk pound and soda ash, feed small handful to animal 1×/day for 5 days, rarely effective (Tick vector : blue tick )
V(035) East coast fever, Boil and give solution to animal, take hot iron and burn swollen glands, 1-2 L 1×day until recovered, rarely effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
V(035) East coast fever, boil leaves and stalk of Aloe volkensii and Cissus grandifolia together and let cool, feed solution to animal 1 L 2×day for 3-4 days, moderately effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
V(035) East coast fever, mix alkaline with plant stalk and feed animal a small handful of the soda ash/plant mash, rarely effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
V(047) heartwater (ormilo (Masaï)), chop up and boil, give 1 L of solution 1 × day, every other day, for 3 days, rarely effective (Tick vector: bont tick)
V(047) heartwater, boil stalk and feed to animal 350 mL of solution 1 × daily until recovered, very effective (Tick vector: bont tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheepTick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick), (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : endijai (Masaï)
Commiphora sp.
Official name : Commiphora sp.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : V(014), V(117)
Recipes : V(014) lumpy skin ((Ormoko (Masaï)), apply juice from stems of Commiphora sp. directly to backs 1 × for 5-7 days (juice can be bought), very effective (Tick vector, blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick)
V(117) anaplasmosis (Oltikana oirobi (Masaï)), squeeze out sap from stem and apply topically on the ticks, very effective at removing tick (Tick vector : blue tick ) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick), (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : oldemwai (Masaï)
Commiphora zimmermannii Engl.
Official name : Commiphora zimmermannii Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Synonyms : Commiphora kyimbilensis Engl.
Symptoms : V(015), V(047)
Recipes : V(015) redwater (Ormilo (Masaï)), boil bark of Commiphora zimmermanii and give solution to animal, 350 mL 1 × day for 4 days ; (Tick vector: Blue tick)
V(047) heartwater, boil bark and give solution to animal, 350 mL 1 × day for 4 days, moderately effective (Tick vector: bont tick) Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : arpande
Cordia gharaf (Forssk.) Ehrenb. ex Asch.
Official name : Cordia gharaf (Forssk.) Ehrenb. ex Asch.
Family : Boraginaceae
Synonyms : Cordia sinensis Lam. , Cordia rothii Roem. & Schult
Symptoms : V(035)
Recipes : V(035) theileriosis (corridor disease) ((Engeeya Osero (Masaî), chop and boil roots of Cordia sinensis, give solution to animal, 2 × daily for 3 days, very effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus appendiculatus; Rhipicephalusspp.; Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (brown ear tick), (armaheriodo (Masaï)) ). Affected animal::cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : edorko (Masaï)
Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(035)
Recipes : V(035) East coast fever, boil bark of Acacia mellifera of Dalbergia melanoxylon and feed solution to animal, 2 L 2 × day for 4 days, moderately effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : oltiasika (Masaï)
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Official name : Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Family : Mimosaceae
Symptoms : V(035)
Recipes : V(035) East coast fever, boil roots of Dichrostachys cinerea and add soda ash, inject solution up nose 2 × day for 4 days, very effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : endendundulu (Masaï)
Ficus sycomorus L.
Official name : Ficus sycomorus L.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus damarensis Engl. , Ficus cocculifolia Baker
Symptoms : V(005)
Recipes : V(005) brucellosis (Orkibiroto (Masaï)), boil bark of Ficus sycomorus and let the mix stay for 2 days, then feed the solution to the animal 1 L/day :(Tick vector : blue tick, brown ear tick, bont tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : orng’abol (Masaï)
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : V(035)
Recipes : V(035) East coast fever, take sausage fruit of Kigelia africana, cut up, boil, give solution to animal, 1.5 L 1×day for 4 days, very effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick)
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : aldarapoi (Masaï)
Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl.
Official name : Lannea schweinfurthii (Engl.) Engl.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : V(035)
Recipes : V(035) theileriosis (corridor disease) ((Engeeya Osero (Masaî)), smash roots of Lannea schweinfurthii and collect the juice, feed to animal, 1×day for 3 days, moderately effective (Tick vector: brown ear tick) Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : orpadwa (Masaï)
Musa acuminata Colla.
Official name : Musa acuminata Colla.
Family : Musaceae
Symptoms : V(047)
Recipes : V(047) heartwater, feed solution of ONS. of Musa acuminata to animal until condition improves, rarely effective (Tick vector: bont tick) Tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum: (bont tick;) (armaheripus (Masaï)). Affected animal: cattle, goat, sheep
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : ormangulai (Masaï)
Musa sp.
Official name : Musa sp.
Family : Musaceae
Symptoms : V(015)
Recipes : V(015) redwater (Ormilo (Masaï)), feed of ONS. of Musa spp.to animal until condition improves ; (Tick vector: Blue tick) Tick species: Rhipicephalus decoloratus (blue tick (English)) (endenuri/ armaherikima (Masaï)). Affected animal:: cattle, goat
Region : East Africa
Country : Northern Tanzania
Vernacular name : olmaringu (Masaï)