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Reference : HM 48

Author(s) : M.-J. Mukazayire, M.-J. , V. Minani, C. K. Ruffo, E. Bizuru, C. Stévigny, P. Duez
Title : Traditional phytotherapy remedies used in Southern Rwanda for the treatment of liver diseases Journal of Ethnopharmacology 138, 415– 431 (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111006957
Reference HM 48 has information about 86 plants :
Acacia hockii De Wild.
Official name : Acacia hockii De Wild.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, 1 spoon of powder of Acacia hockii mixed with one cup of black tea. VO. 1 cup a day for one week
H(126) liver diseases, decoct 1/2 kg of crushed stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica and mix up 1 g of the mixture of the leaves of Hygrophilia auricurata, Cissampelos mucronata, Acacia hockii in 1 L H2O. Filtrer and add a small quantity of honey. VO a small cup 3 times a day with 8 h interval for one week
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugenge (Kinyarwanda)
Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Official name : Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Acanthus arboreus C.B.Clarke
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush 3 handfuls of fresh leaves of Acanthus pubescens and mix up with banana, VO. 1,5 glass twice a day for one week
H(126) liver diseases, triturate a handful of leaves of each plant of Acanthus pubescens of Vernonia amygdalina of Vernonia kirungae of Vernonia lasiopus of aerial parts of Leucas martinicensis in 1 L of H2O and 1 glass of banana wine. VO. 1 glass a day
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Acanthus pubescens of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Erythrina abyssinica of Helichrysum odoratissimum of Hypoestes triflora and decoct with 1 L of H2O.VO. 1 coffee cup 3 times daily
H(126) liver diseases, decoct 1/2 kg total mixture of plants of Vernonia lasiopus of Bidens pilosa of Acanthus pubescens with 2 L of H2O, VO. 2× half a bottle per day with a total of 12 days or 12 bottles
H(126) liver diseases, mix and decoct a handful of each plant of Vernonia amygdalina of Vernonia lasiopus of Vernonia kirungae of Leucas martinicensis of Acanthus pubescens with 1 L ofH2O + 1 glass of banana wine. VO. 1/2 glass twice a day for 7 days
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : igitovu (Kinyarwanda)
Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Official name : Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of leaves of Albizia adianthifolia and mix up with one bottle of ter. Boil and Filtrer, VO. 1 bottle a day for two weeks
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusange (Kinyarwanda)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, decoct a handful of each plant of Allium cepa of Erythrina abyssinica of Helichrysum odoratissimum of Crassocephalum vitellinum with 3 L of H2O, VO. 1 glass a day
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : igitunguru gitukura (Kinyarwanda)
Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Official name : Allophylus africanus P. Beauv.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of fresh leaves of Allophyllus africanus and macerate with 1 L of H2O. Filtrer. VO. 1,5 glass a day for one week
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Erythrina abyssinica of Allophyllus africanus of Lantana triflolia and macerate with 1 L of H2O, VO. 2 soup cuillères à café a day with a total of one bottle
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : urutete, umutwetwe (Kinyarwanda)
Aloe myriacantha (Haw.) Schult. & Schult.f.
Official name : Aloe myriacantha (Haw.) Schult. & Schult.f.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Erythrina abyssinica of Hypoestes triflora of Guizotia scabra of Markhamia lutea of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Microglossa pyrifolia of Ocimum lamiifolium of Vernonia lasiopus of Bidens pilosa of Dracaena steudneri of Aloe myriacantha and decoct with 1 L of H2O, VO. 1 coffee cup twice daily
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Rubus rigidus of Hypoestes triflora of Markhamia lutea of Guizotia scabra of Aloe myriacantha and decoct with 1 L of H2O.VO. 1 glass twice daily
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : iikakarubamba (Kinyarwanda)
Anisopappus africanus (Hook. f.) Oliv. & Hiern
Official name : Anisopappus africanus (Hook. f.) Oliv. & Hiern
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, decoct Dodonaea viscosa (2 cuillères à café of leaves powder) and a handful of each plant of Erythrina abyssinica of Guizotia scabra of Hypoestes triflora of Ludwigia abyssinica of Anisopappus africanusof Markhamia lutea of Dodonaea viscosa in 2 L of H2O and Filtrer, VO. 1 glass twice daily
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuretezaho (Kinyarwanda)
Aspilia africana (Pers.) C.A. Adams
Official name : Aspilia africana (Pers.) C.A. Adams
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Aspilia latifolia Oliv. & Hiern
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush 5 g of fresh leaves of Aspilia africana. Boil with 2 L of H2O. Filtrer. VO. 1 bottle a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of stem barks of Dracaena steudneri of roots of Monechma subsessilis of roots of Ludwigia abyssinica of leaves of Aspilia africana of leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction in 3 L. H2O., VO. 1 bottle a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind a handful of each plant of Dracaena steudneri of Monechma subsessilis of Ludwigia abyssinica of Aspilia africana of Chenopodium ugandae in a mortar, boil in 1 L of cold H2O. VO. 1 glass of one bottle a day with a total of 12 days or 12 bottles
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : icyumwa, kizimya muliro (Kinyarwanda)
Aspilia kotschyi (Sch.Bip.) Oliv.
Official name : Aspilia kotschyi (Sch.Bip.) Oliv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, decoct a handful of fresh leaves of Aspilia kotschyi in 3 L of H2O. Filtrer. VO. 1 glass 3 times a day for one week
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuretezaho (Kinyarwanda)
Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Official name : Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of leaves of Desmodium repandum of Indigofera arrecta of Berkheya spekeana of Leucas martinicensis of Chenopodium ugandae of leaves and roots of Crassocephalum vitellinum add 1 L of H2O and decoct with 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica stem bark. Filtrer.VO. half a cup 3 times a day for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, grind a handful of leaves of each plant of Berkheya spekeana of Leucas martinicensis of Chenopodium ugandae of Desmodium repandum of Indigofera arrecta, decoction in 1 L. H2O, Filtrer, VO. 1 small cup every 8 h for 1 week
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikigwarara (Kinyarwanda)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, 50 g of dry leaves powder of Bidens pilosa are boiled with 2 L of H2O. Filtrer. VO. 1/2 bottle twice a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, decoct 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica bark and mix with 300 mg whole plant Bidens pilosa, 300 mg leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, 300 mg leaves of Draceana steudneri grounded in a mortar, in 1 L. H2O. VO. alf a cup 3 times a day with 8 h interval for 10 or 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 1/2 kg of Erythrina abyssinica stem bark in a mortar and mix up with 1 spoon of whole plant of Bidens pilosa., leaves of Coffea arabica and Guizotia scabra of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Chenopodium ugandae . Macerate and Filtrer.VO. A small cup 3 times per day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica bark in a mortar, mix with leaves of Melanthera scandens of Guizotia scabra of whole plant of Bidens pilosa and decoct in 1 L of H2O. Filtrer. VO. A small cup 3 times a day for 7 days
H(126) liver diseases, mix a handful of of stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica, leaves of Vernonia lasiopus of Leonotis nepetifolia of Persea americana of Indigofera arrecta of whole plant of Bidens pilosa of musilage of Musa acumunata and decoct in 1 L of H2O. Filtrer. VO. 2 bottles of 1 L over 4 to 5 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica bark in a mortar and mix up with one spoon of the juice from leaves of all other plants of Rubus rigidus of Persea americana of Bidens pilosa of Indigofera arrecta of Leonotis nepetifolia of Chenopodium ugandae. Boil in 1 L of H2O and Filtrer, VO. 1 cup 3 times a day for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, crush 350 g of leaves of each plant of Melanthera scandens of Draceana steudneri of Hypoestes triflora of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Bidens pilosa of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Ludwigia abyssinica in 2 L of H2O and one glass of banana wine, heat until boiling point and Filtrer. VO. 2 bottles over 4 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Myrica kandtiana of Bidens pilosa of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Leucas martinicensis of Hypoestes triflora of Erythrina abyssinica and decoct with 1 L of H2O, VO. 2 glasses a day
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Clematis hirsuta of Vernonia fontinalis of Vernonia lasiopus of Leucas martinicensis of Indigofera arrecta of Lantana trifloria of Hygrophila auriculata of Bidens pilosa of Solanum nigrum and decoct with 1 L of H2O., VO. 1 coffee cup twice daily
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Vernonia lasiopus of Leucas martinicensis of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Bidens pilosa and decoct with 1 L of H2O. VO. 1 coffee cup 3 times daily
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Vernonia lasiopus of Hygrophila auriculata of Bidens pilosa of Crassocephalum vitellinum and decoct with 1 L of H2O, VO. 1/2 bottle twice daily
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Erythrina abyssinica of Hypoestes triflora of Guizotia scabra of Markhamia lutea of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Microglossa pyrifolia of Ocimum lamiifolium of Vernonia lasiopus of Bidens pilosa of Dracaena steudneri of Aloe myriacantha and decoct with 1 L of H2O, VO. 1 coffee cup twice daily
H(126) liver diseases, decoct 1/2 kg total mixture of plants of Vernonia lasiopus of Bidens pilosa of Acanthus pubescens with 2 L of H2O, VO. 2× half a bottle per day with a total of 12 days or 12 bottles
H(126) liver diseases, boil 150 g of each plant of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Bidens pilosa in 5 bottles of H2O, Filtrer, add 1 glass of banana wine., VO. 3 glasses per day with a total of 10–15 bottles
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : inyabarasanya (Kinyarwanda)
Bothriocline longipes (Oliv. & Hiern ) N.E.Br.
Official name : Bothriocline longipes (Oliv. & Hiern ) N.E.Br.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Erlangea spissa S. Moore
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush 50 g of fresh leaves of Bothriocline longipes. Boil with 1 L of banana wine and Filtrer.VO. 1 glass twice a day for one week
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : uruhehe (Kinyarwanda)
Carduus nyassanus (S. Moore) R.E. Fr.
Official name : Carduus nyassanus (S. Moore) R.E. Fr.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, the juice squeezed out from the crushed leaves or roots of Carduus nyassanus. VO. 1 spoon twice a day for one week
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : mugabudasumbikwa, ikigwarara (Kinyarwanda)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, Macerate a handful of leaves of Carica papaya of Hypoestes triflora of Chenopodium ugandae of stem bark of Erythrina abyssinica crushed in a mortar and in 1 L of H2O. Filtrer and boil. VO. one small cup 3 times a day within 8 h of interval during 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, mix up 250 g of Indigofera arrecta, 250 g of Hypoestes triflora + 100 g each of leaves of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Carica papaya of Desmodium repandum of Ocimum lamiifolium of Erythrina abyssinica. Decoct in 1 L of H2O. VO. 1 glass 2 times a day for 7 days
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : ipapayi (Kinyarwanda)
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Official name : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crush 350 g fresh aerial parts or whole plant of Centella asiatica. Boil with 1 L of H2O and Filtrer. VO. 1 glass a day for one week
H(126) liver diseases, squeeze the juice of fresh leaves, 1 handful for each plant of Rumex usambalensis of Clutia abyssinica of Digitaria abyssinica of Triumfetta cordifolia of Centella asiatica and mix with 1 L of H2O, VO. 1/2 bottle a day with a total of 30 days
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : gutwikumwe (Kinyarwanda)
Chenopodium ugandae (Aellen) Aellen
Official name : Chenopodium ugandae (Aellen) Aellen
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, cush 250 g of leaves of Chenopodium ugandae and boil with 1 bottle of H2O. Filtrer. VO. 1 bottle a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, decoct 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica bark and mix with 300 mg whole plant Bidens pilosa, 300 mg leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, 300 mg leaves of Draceana steudneri grounded in a mortar, in 1 L. H2O. VO. alf a cup 3 times a day with 8 h interval for 10 or 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 1/2 kg of Erythrina abyssinica stem bark in a mortar and mix up with 1 spoon of whole plant of Bidens pilosa., leaves of Coffea arabica and Guizotia scabra of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Chenopodium ugandae . Macerate and Filtrer.VO. A small cup 3 times per day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, Macerate a handful of leaves of Carica papaya of Hypoestes triflora of Chenopodium ugandae of stem bark of Erythrina abyssinica crushed in a mortar and in 1 L of H2O. Filtrer and boil. VO. one small cup 3 times a day within 8 h of interval during 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of leaves of Hypoestes triflora of Leucas martinicensis of Desmodium repandum of Draceana steudneri of Chenopodium ugandae of stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica of leaves, roots, fruit seeds of Silybum marianum in a mortar and macerate in 1 L of H2O. Filtrer and boil., VO. a small cup 3 times a day
H(126) liver diseases, mix a handful of leaves of Vernonia lasiopus of Indigofera arrecta of Lantana trifolia of Hypoestes triflora of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Guizotia scabra of Melanthera scandens of Chenopodium ugandae of Dodonaea viscosa, decoct in 2 L of H2O and Filtrer. VO. 2 glasses a day during 6 days or 2 cups per day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 500 g of Erythrina bark in a mortar and mix up with 100 g of leaves of Mangifera indica of Leonotis nepetifolia of Guizotia scabra of Draceana steudneri of Chenopodium ugandae of Crassocephalum vitellinum, macerate in 2 L of H2O. VO. 3 cups a day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of leaves of Desmodium repandum of Indigofera arrecta of Berkheya spekeana of Leucas martinicensis of Chenopodium ugandae of leaves and roots of Crassocephalum vitellinum add 1 L of H2O and decoct with 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica stem bark. Filtrer.VO. half a cup 3 times a day for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, grind a handful of leaves of each plant of Berkheya spekeana of Leucas martinicensis of Chenopodium ugandae of Desmodium repandum of Indigofera arrecta, decoction in 1 L. H2O, Filtrer, VO. 1 small cup every 8 h for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, mix a handful of leaves of each plant of Leonotis nepetifolia of Dodonaea viscosa of Hypoestes triflora of Guizotia scabra of Chenopodium ugandae decoction in 1 liter H2O, Filtrer, VO. 2 glasses a day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica bark in a mortar and mix up with one spoon of the juice from leaves of all other plants of Rubus rigidus of Persea americana of Bidens pilosa of Indigofera arrecta of Leonotis nepetifolia of Chenopodium ugandae. Boil in 1 L of H2O and Filtrer, VO. 1 cup 3 times a day for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of stem barks of Dracaena steudneri of roots of Monechma subsessilis of roots of Ludwigia abyssinica of leaves of Aspilia africana of leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction in 3 L. H2O., VO. 1 bottle a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind a handful of each plant of Dracaena steudneri of Monechma subsessilis of Ludwigia abyssinica of Aspilia africana of Chenopodium ugandae in a mortar, boil in 1 L of cold H2O. VO. 1 glass of one bottle a day with a total of 12 days or 12 bottles
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kinyarwanda)
Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Official name : Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, decoct a handful of leaves of Cissampelos mucronata with 1 L of H2O. Add to one glass of banana wine. Filtrer. VO. 1 glass 3 times a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, decoct 1/2 kg of crushed stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica and mix up 1 g of the mixture of the leaves of Hygrophilia auricurata, Cissampelos mucronata, Acacia hockii in 1 L H2O. Filtrer and add a small quantity of honey. VO a small cup 3 times a day with 8 h interval for one week
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : ishikashiki (Kinyarwanda)
Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, cush 150 g of dry leaves of Clematis hirsuta and boil with 1 L of banana wine. Fflter. VO., glass twice a day for 8 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Clematis hirsuta of Vernonia fontinalis of Coffea arabica of Ludwigia abyssinica of Ocimum gratissimum and decoct with 1 L of H2O, VO. 1 coffee cup twice daily
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Clematis hirsuta of Vernonia fontinalis of Vernonia lasiopus of Leucas martinicensis of Indigofera arrecta of Lantana trifloria of Hygrophila auriculata of Bidens pilosa of Solanum nigrum and decoct with 1 L of H2O., VO. 1 coffee cup twice daily
H(126) liver diseases, decoct a handful of each plant of Vernonia amygdalina of Clematis hirsuta of Lantana triflolia of Clutia abyssinica of Rumex abyssinicus of Pavetta ternifolia of Leucas martinicens of Microglossa pyrifolia of Rumex usambarensis of Geniosporum rotundifolium of Clerodendron myricoïdes of Vernonia lasiopus of Mitragyna rubrostipulata of Erythrina abyssinica of Ludwigia abyssinica in 3 L of H2O, Filtrer, add 1 glass of banana wine., VO. 2 glasses a day for 8 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of each plant of Clematis hirsuta of Thalyctrum rynchocarpum of Erythrina abyssinica of Vernonia amygdalina of Leonotis nepetifolia of Ocimum urticifolium and macerate with 1 L of H2O, VO. 1 glass per day with a total of 1.5 to 3 L
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umunkamba (Kinyarwanda)
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, crushed 350 g of dry leavesof Clerodendron myricoïdes and boil with 1 L of banana, VO. 1 glass twice a day for 8 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind a handful of each plant of Hypoestes triflora of Clerodendron myricoïdes of Maesa lanceolata var golungensis in a mortar, add to 250 ml of cold H2O and Filtrer., VO. 1 glass twice daily
H(126) liver diseases, decoct a handful of each plant of Vernonia amygdalina of Clematis hirsuta of Lantana triflolia of Clutia abyssinica of Rumex abyssinicus of Pavetta ternifolia of Leucas martinicens of Microglossa pyrifolia of Rumex usambarensis of Geniosporum rotundifolium of Clerodendron myricoïdes of Vernonia lasiopus of Mitragyna rubrostipulata of Erythrina abyssinica of Ludwigia abyssinica in 3 L of H2O, Filtrer, add 1 glass of banana wine., VO. 2 glasses a day for 8 days
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukuzanyana (Kinyarwanda)
Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach.
Official name : Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, decoct a handful of leaves of Clutia abyssinica with 1 L of banana wine. Filtrer. VO. 1 glass a day for one week
H(126) liver diseases, decoct a handful of each plant of Vernonia amygdalina of Clematis hirsuta of Lantana triflolia of Clutia abyssinica of Rumex abyssinicus of Pavetta ternifolia of Leucas martinicens of Microglossa pyrifolia of Rumex usambarensis of Geniosporum rotundifolium of Clerodendron myricoïdes of Vernonia lasiopus of Mitragyna rubrostipulata of Erythrina abyssinica of Ludwigia abyssinica in 3 L of H2O, Filtrer, add 1 glass of banana wine., VO. 2 glasses a day for 8 days
H(126) liver diseases, squeeze the juice of fresh leaves, 1 handful for each plant of Rumex usambalensis of Clutia abyssinica of Digitaria abyssinica of Triumfetta cordifolia of Centella asiatica and mix with 1 L of H2O, VO. 1/2 bottle a day with a total of 30 days
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutarishonga (Kinyarwanda)