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Reference : HS 12a

Author(s) : Samuelsson G., M. H. Faraha, Per Claeson, M. Hagos, M. Thulin, O. Hedberg, A. M. Warfa, A. O. Hassan, A. H. Elmi , A. D. Abdurahman, A. S. Elmi, Y. A. Abdie & M. H. Alin
Title : Inventory of plants used in traditional medicine in Somalia. I. Plants of the families Acanthaceae - Chenopodiaceae. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 35, pp. 25 - 63, (1991)
Reference HS 12a has information about 19 plants :
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(104), H(166)
Recipes : H(104) stomach + H(166), 1 handfull of fresh roots, soaked in 1 glass oh cold H2O for 15' to 20', filter, VO. 1 glass daily for 3 days. The extract shoukl be consumed before it turns black
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : sariibiye.
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(014), H(139), H(162)
Recipes : H(014), skin disease on the head, leaves are powdered, 2 spoon ful of powder is mixed with an equal amount of oil, local application for 3 days - - H(139), impotence, 1 fruit is cooked with 2 glasses of water, the decoction (H2O) is filtered, 1/3 of the decoction (H2O) is drunk, 3 times a day for 3 days
H(162), urine retention , roots is boiled with 2 - 4 glasses of water, 2 cups daily in the morning
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : yaaq
Adenium multiflorum Klotzsch
Official name : Adenium multiflorum Klotzsch
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes var. multiflorum
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) rhinitis, a piece of root 6 X 6 cm2 is boiled with 1 glass of water, 1 drop of the extract placed in each nostril, 3 times a day, for 1 week
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : ombo gaduud, oombe
Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult.
Official name : Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Aerva persica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Symptoms : H(027y), H(101), H(104), H(124), H(139)
Recipes : H(027y) + H(124), H(101), 3 pieces of fresh roots (15 cm long each) are crushed and boiled with 2 glasses of water. VO. 1 glass, 2X /day during 3 days
H(104), pain in the lower part of the abdomen, same preparation, 1 glass at bed time for 1 week
H(139), impotence, same preparation, 1 glass at bed time for 2 weeks
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : hambohi
Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Official name : Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(037), H(077), H(101), H(104), H(108), H(113)
Recipes : H(005), a handful of fresh leaves Aristolochia bracteata, crushed + salt + 5 gr resin of Commiphora myrrha, used topically
H(037), pneumonia, 3 fresh leaves, crushed, boiled in 1 cup of oil , VO.1/2 cup, the remaining part is applied on the chest
H(077), 1 handful of fresh leaves, crushed in H2O + 1 cup of honey, VO. 1/2 cup, 3X / day during 2 days
H(101), 7 fresh leaves crushed + few H2O+ 1 cup of honey, the whole is eaten in one day. To repeat 3X.
H(104), 10 cm roots are crushed + 1glass H2O, filter. VO. 1 cup 2X /day. Repeat 3X
H(108), influenza, handful of fresh leaves, maceration in 1 cup H2O overnight , filter, VO the whole. Repeat 3x
H(113), 7 fresh leaves crushed + few oil, used topicaly, rigidity of mandibular bones
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : booro, wees.
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(020), H(082), H(139)
Recipes : H(020), the bark of dried roots is powdered, 4 teaspoons of powder is mixed with enough water to make a viscous mixturewhich is used externally
H(082), 35 cm roots is crushed and mixed with 2 glasses H2O, fittered, VO. 1 cup, 3X / day for 3 days
H(139), sperm deficiency, 8 teaspoon ful of pwdered root barks, boiled with 1 glass of water and 1 piece of lemon added, VO, 1 glass
H(139), 8 tablespoonsfuls of powdered root barks is mixed with 4 glasses of water. The mixture is stirred until it becomes foamy wich is consumed daily for 7 days. After 20 - 40 days, 3 tablesspoons of the powder is boiled with 1 cup of water and filtered, VO. the whole decoction
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : shilan or kulun
Blepharis linariifolia Pers.
Official name : Blepharis linariifolia Pers.
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Blepharis hirta Hochst. ex Nees
Symptoms : H(038), H(111)
Recipes : H(038), urogenital infection, H(111), skin burns, fresh or dried whole plant, powdered, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : yamaarug
Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Official name : Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(000)
Recipes : H(000) childs, 1 kg of fresh leaves is powdered and mixed with 4 glasses of cold water, mixture is filtered, 1 glass is drunk, 1 glass is sprinkled on the body daily for 2 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : geed-maaluugeed
Cadaba glandulosa Forssk.
Official name : Cadaba glandulosa Forssk.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(053), H(155)
Recipes : H(020) snake, a handfull of fresh leaves is crushed and stirred with a small amount of cold H2O, filtered, local application
H(053), ear infection,a handfull of fresh leaves is crushed and stirred with a small amount of cold H2O, filtered, some drops in ears
H(155) tonsilitis, the frech roots are crushed and mixed with fresh milk, the mixture is boiled, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : qalanqal, kish madow
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(068), H(108), H(139)
Recipes : H(068),50 gr fresh roots of Calotropis procera , Pupalia lappacea mixed in 1 glass H2O, one glass
H(108), 3 fresh leaves(+/- yellow), cut, crushed, maceration in 1/2 glass H2O, filter, 1 to 2 drops in each nostril, 3X / day during 1 week
H(139)impotence, dry flowers are roasted, 2 teaspoon fuls are boiled with 2 cups of water, 1 cup, once a day, for 7 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : booc
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gono.., 250 gr powder of fresh roots, boiled with 2 cups H2O + 1 small bottle of oil is added, 2 glasses once only
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : liimo-daanyeer
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(003), H(014), H(179)
Recipes : H(003), bruises, 1 plant is crushed and boiled in water, 1 cup, 3 times/ day, for 3 days
H(014), scabies, a handfull of seeds is mixed with wineegar, filtered, application on the head twice a day for 1 week
H(179), cholic?, 1 plant is crushed and boiled in water, 1 cup, 3 times/ day, for 3 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : jibaari, diir-jinni
Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(113)
Recipes : H(005), a handful of fresh leaves Aristolochia bracteata are crushed + salt and approximately 5 gr. of resin of Commiphora myrrha is added, used topically, oedema
H(097), pus, pruritusis on penis, a handful of dried stembark of Cordia ovalis, is crushed and mixed with a piece of resin of Commiphora myrrha, powdered, local application
H(113), pain in muscles, 1 handfull of fresh leaves of Withania somnifera , crushed, mixed with 5 gr of resin of Commiphora myrrha, lacal application
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : not registered
Cordia gharaf (Forssk.) Ehrenb. ex Asch.
Official name : Cordia gharaf (Forssk.) Ehrenb. ex Asch.
Family : Boraginaceae
Synonyms : Cordia sinensis Lam. , Cordia rothii Roem. & Schult
Symptoms : H(026), H(046)
Recipes : H(026), dysmenorrhoea , 1 kgr of fresh roots is boiled with 4 glasses of water, 4 cups daily for 30 days
H(046), chicken-pox, a handful of fresh stem bark and a handfull of fresh leaves are boiled in 1 l. of water, VO. 1/2 cup, 3x / day. The patient is also washed with the decoction
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : mareer
Cordia myxa L.
Official name : Cordia myxa L.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(097)
Recipes : H(097), pus, pruritusis on penis, a handful of dried stembark of Cordia ovalis, is crushed and mixed with a piece of resin of Commiphora myrrha, powdered, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : mareer docol
Maerua subcordata (Gilg) DC.
Official name : Maerua subcordata (Gilg) DC.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Courbonia subcordata Gilg
Symptoms : H(001), H(053), H(086), H(112), H(155)
Recipes : H(001), H(053), a pinch of powdered, dry roots, mixed with 10 ml of cold H2O, filtered after half an hour, the filtrate is dropped into the eyes or ears
H(086), fresh roots crushed and applied on the wound
H(112), a piece of root (5 cm long) crushed, mixed with 1 cup of water and 1/2 cup of honey, VO.
H(155), tonsilitis, dried root is pôwdered, 1 tablespoon of powder is boiled with 2 cups of milk and 1 cup of water untiol remain 2 cups. VO.twice a day, for 2 - 3 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : shafaal-weyn, abaar moog
Pergularia extensa (Jacq.) N.E. Br.
Official name : Pergularia extensa (Jacq.) N.E. Br.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Cynanchum cordifolium Retz. , Cynanchum extensum Jacq.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gono., 3 pieces of roots (15 cm long) are crushed and mixed with one glass of water or 40 ml. sesame oil, VO. 1 cup, once a day, for 3 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : naasaboolo
Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss.
Official name : Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes atropurpurea Lam. , Pupalia atropurpurea (Lam.) Moq.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, 1 handful of cruhed roots and leaves of Pupalia lappacea are boiled, the decoction is mixed with a decoction of Panicum deustum , 1 cup, 3 X during 1 day
H(068),50 gr fresh roots of Calotropis procera , Pupalia lappacea mixed in 1 glass H2O, one glass
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : geed-beered, sariibiye
Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Official name : Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(038), H(100)
Recipes : H(038) uro-genital pain, 2 hand full of fresh whole plant, decoction in 2 glass H2O, 3 cups / day during 2 days
H(100) gono., 2 hand full of fresh whole plant, decoction in 2 glass H2O, 3 cups / 3X /day during 7 days
Region : East Africa
Country : Somalia
Vernacular name : ciin, milaaq sangooy