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Reference : HS 51

Author(s) : Sobiecki, J.F.
Title : A review of plants used in divination in southern Africa and their psychoactive effects Southern African Humanities, Vol. 20 , Pages 333–351, December, 2008 Pietermaritzburg
Reference HS 51 has information about 98 plants :
Adenopodia spicata (E. Mey.) Presl
Official name : Adenopodia spicata (E. Mey.) Presl
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Adenopodia spicata, infusions are taken orally by diviners as emetics to increase divining powers (Zulu)
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ibobo/ubobo (Zulu)
Agapanthus campanulatus F. M. Leight.
Official name : Agapanthus campanulatus F. M. Leight.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Agapanthus campanulatus wich are used in the initiation of indigenous healers in South Africa Ubulawu preparations Zulu, Sotho and Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Agapanthus campanulatus used to treat people “who have the spirit”, a type of psycho-spiritual illness Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects, roots of Agapanthus campanulatus used by diviners in South Africa to induce dreams of the ancestors N Podile pers comm
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : leta-la-phofu (Sotho), ubani (Zulu)
Agrostis bergiana Trin
Official name : Agrostis bergiana Trin
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, parts of Agrostis bergiana used unknown Used when working the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : yoang ba phorora (Sotho)
Albizia adianthifolia (Schumach.) W.Wight var. adianthifolia
Official name : Albizia adianthifolia (Schumach.) W.Wight var. adianthifolia
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Unidentified partsof Albizia adianthifolia are taken orally to induce dreams and improve the memory
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muvhadangoma (Venda)
Albizia suluensis Gerstner
Official name : Albizia suluensis Gerstner
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, parts used of Albizia suluensis unknown A stirred macerate is taken orally by healers to induce trances Zulu. Used for nervous complaints Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ingweb’enkulu/ unyazangoma (Zulu)
Alepidea amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh. var. amatymbica
Official name : Alepidea amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh. var. amatymbica
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, aerial parts, root of Alepidea amatymbica; dry rhizome and roots are smoked, or powdered and taken as a snuff by South African diviners to assist divination and communication with the ancestors
H(099) It is used to help prevent nervousness Zulu
H(167z) psychoactive effects It is used as a lotion to wash the divining bones Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lesoko (Sotho), ikhathazo (Zulu)
Anisophyllea boehmii Engl.
Official name : Anisophyllea boehmii Engl.
Family : Anisophylleaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) ritual The bark of Anisophyllea boehmii is boiled and the leaves are made into a cold-water infusion that is taken orally together with other plants as a drinking medicine in the ihamba spirit exorcism ritual Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : mufungu (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Argyrolobium tomentosum (Andrews) Druce
Official name : Argyrolobium tomentosum (Andrews) Druce
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, root of Argyrolobium tomentosumin infusions are taken by diviners as H55 emetics to sharpen their vision Zulu [1]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umadlozana ompofu (Zulu)
Avonia rhodesica (N.E.Br.) G.D.Rowley
Official name : Avonia rhodesica (N.E.Br.) G.D.Rowley
Family : Portulacaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Chenopodium ambrosioides Used in rain making rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Avonia rhodesica Tswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects of Avonia rhodesica used unknown A beer additive in Zimbabwe, it is reported to have hallucinogenic and narcotic activity
H(167z) psychoactive effects Avonia rhodesica Used in rainmaking rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Chenopodium ambrosioidesTswana
H(167z) psychoactive effects Chenopodium ambrosioides Used in rain making rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Avonia rhodesica Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : tirika (Shona)
Bauhinia bowkeri Harv.
Official name : Bauhinia bowkeri Harv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, bark o fBauhinia bowkeri for an H(055) emetic used by unspecified groups in South Africa It can produce weak hallucinations. It is used to assist divination. A powerful muti used by healers in South Africa as a snuff before sleeping to "open the mind” Zulu
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umdlandlovu (Zulu)
Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Official name : Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(167z), H(210)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects, Bulb of Boophone disticha in decoctions, which are toxic, are used in small amounts as a hallucinogen to aid divination in South Africa Zulu [44]
H(210) Bulbs are also used as narcotics Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana, Xhosa [4]
H(099) Unspecified groups use a weak decoction of the bulb scales as a sedative for violent, psychotic patients [47]
H(167z) psychoactive effects Described as “rousing the spirits” in Zimbabwe [1]
H(167z) psychoactive effects,A bulb decoction of Dioscorea dregeana is combined with the hallucinogen Boophone distichain a mixture that is used to aid divination in South Africa
H(167z) psychoactive effects Clove of Tulbaghia capensis, Reportedly used as an admixture with the hallucinogen Boophone distichafor divination in South Africa G Tau pers comm
H Tulbaghia capensis may have similar sedative properties or uses that may mitigate unpleasant side-effects such as anxiety or panic experienced with Boophone disticha hallucinations
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : leshoma (Sotho), incwadi (Xhosa), incotho (Zulu)
Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg & Gilg-Ben.
Official name : Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg & Gilg-Ben.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H roots of Boscia albitruncaare used for medical and magical purposes Zulu [4]
H(099) roots for epilepsy in South Africa have been recorded [48]
H(167z) psychoactive effects The bark is used in the initiation of diviners in South Africa as an ubulawu preparation,the froth of which is eaten, to “see things”, indicating possible psychoactive effects hallucinogenic activity and enables “the ancestors to speak through you”
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umvithi (Zulu)
Brachylaena discolor DC.
Official name : Brachylaena discolor DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Brachylaena discolor used by diviners to communicate with the ancestral spirits Zulu [] Indigenous healers in South Africa ingest root infusions for divinatory purposes DMillard pers comm
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : ipahla/isiduli/umphaphla (Zulu)
Brachylaena elliptica (Thunb.) DC.
Official name : Brachylaena elliptica (Thunb.) DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Brachylaena elliptica has uses in treating hysteria in South Africa [44]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : not registered by the author
Brunsvigia radulosa Herb.
Official name : Brunsvigia radulosa Herb.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects The plant of Brunsvigia radulosa is used to wash the divining bones to “give greater accuracy” Sotho : This language group includes Northern Sotho, South Sotho and Tswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : lematla (Sotho)
Canthium ciliatum (Klotzsch) Kuntze
Official name : Canthium ciliatum (Klotzsch) Kuntze
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(055), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Roots of Canthium ciliatum are used as a substitute for Turraea floribunda Hocsht in H55 emetics to induce trances before divining dances Zulu [14] Other Canthium species have psychoactive uses in Zimbabwe [1]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umevana (Zulu)
Canthium inerme (L. f.) Kuntze
Official name : Canthium inerme (L. f.) Kuntze
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H1 ritual Unspecified parts of Canthium inerme are prepared into a cold-water infusion that is taken orally with other plants as a drinking medicine in the ihamba spirit exorcism ritual Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaire [45] Psychoactive effects were experienced after the infusion was taken [45]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : muhotuhotu (Ndembu: Zambia/Angola/Zaïre)
Casearia gladiiformis Mast.
Official name : Casearia gladiiformis Mast.
Family : Flacourtiaceae
Symptoms : H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects The initiate diviner is administered a decoction containing this plant, through the eyes, in the Tsonga Gobo basin ritual Divining powers are learnt through this ritual, with psychoactive effects A plant called umjulukai is said to be used for mental disorders Zulu [4]
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : psekamafura (Tsonga), umjuluka (Zulu)
Cassia mimosoides L.
Official name : Cassia mimosoides L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Chamaecrista mimosoides (L.) Greene
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects Powdered root of Chamaecrista mimosoidesinfusions are taken orally to remember dreams Zulu [1], and the plant is also used to induce sleep Xhosa
H(167z) psychoactive effects African diviners use an H(055) emetic made from the roots to induce dreams of the ancestors
H“The Cassia genus contains a number of substances that have sedative, depressant, and toxic effects”
H(167z) psychoactive effects !Kung Bushmen may use Cassia species to facilitate the induction of trance states that are used for divining San
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : umbonisela/imbubu yotaboni (Zulu)
Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Official name : Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Synonyms : Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants
Symptoms : H(099), H(167z)
Recipes : H(167z) psychoactive effects leaves of Chenopodium ambrosioides used by South African diviners in a mixture that is burnt to invoke the ancestors ebaso and can be used as a snuff that has an intoxicating action Tsonga
H Leaves are used as medicines in Zimbabwe for madness and convulsions
H(167z) psychoactive effects Chenopodium ambrosioides Used in rainmaking rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium Land Avonia rhodesica NEBr GDRowleyTswana [8]
H(167z) psychoactive effects Avonia rhodesica Used in rainmaking rituals together with other psychoactive plants such as Datura stramonium and Chenopodium ambrosioidesTswana
Region : Southern Africa
Country : South Africa
Vernacular name : tlhatlhabadimo (Tsonga)