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Reference : HT 53

Author(s) : Terashima, H., M. Ichikawa
Title : A comparative ethnobotany of the Mbuti and Efe hunter-gatherers in Itury forest, Democratic Republic of Congo African Study Monographs, 24(1, 2): 1-168, (2003) *partially encoded*
Reference HT 53 has information about 448 plants :
Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik.
Official name : Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(202), H(203)
Recipes : H(202) The leaves of Abutilon mauritianum are used as toilet paper
H(203) cords and ropes are made of the bark. They are said as strong as those"ofenji" Eremospatha haullevilleana and used for various purposes (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
The leaves are used for toilet.(Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : kanupi,kanokano (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest), kanokano (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Acalypha ciliata Forssk.
Official name : Acalypha ciliata Forssk.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(240)
Recipes : H(240) it is said that if Acalypha ciliata rounds a banana plant, the banana will bear good fruit..(Mbuti Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : amambalieboko (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Acalypha neptunica Müll. Arg.
Official name : Acalypha neptunica Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(203) The soft wood of Acalypha neptunica is used for making a honey flute called "eureka" (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : achoko (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest), bembu (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Acalypha ornata Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Acalypha ornata Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(092 ) the inner bark of Acalypha ornata is powdered and pounded to make an arrow-poison
H(203) The stem of Acalypha ornata is used for making the arrow-shaft of an iron-tipped arrow (Mbuti Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : mbembu (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Acanthus sp.
Official name : Acanthus sp.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(178)
Recipes : H(178) The leaves of "bangobango" = Acanthus sp. are cooked with ground nuts and taken for a heart disease called (ondebulukeki)
H(091) The soles of a newborn baby are prickled with the spiny leaf expecting that it will start to walk soon (Efe Pygmies in the Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : bangobango (Efe Pygmies , Ituri forest)
Acanthus sp.
Official name : Acanthus sp.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) When the Efe infants reach to the age of walking, they are put on the spiny leaves of "sheshei" = Acanthus sp, so that they may start bipedalism quickly ( Efe Pygmies in the Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : sheshei (Efe Pygmies , Ituri forest)
Adenia rumicifolia Engl. & Harms
Official name : Adenia rumicifolia Engl. & Harms
Family : Passifloraceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) The powdered root of Adenia rumicifolia is mixed with other plants to make arrow-poison (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : ringa (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Adhatoda bolomboensis (De Wild.) Heine
Official name : Adhatoda bolomboensis (De Wild.) Heine
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(137)
Recipes : H(137) sore, The leaves of Adhatoda bolomboensis are rubbed in hands and applied to a sore ( Efe Pygmies in the Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : pwepwe (Efe Pygmies , Ituri forest)
Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridl.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridl.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum latifolium K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(219)
Recipes : H(219) The stems and leaves of Aframomum latifolium are used for construction materials, especially for thatching and laying on the floor of the hemispherical huts (Mbuti Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : amesisiale (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(219)
Recipes : H(095) The white juicy part around the seeds of Aframomum laurentii called " tundu" is eaten raw
H(219) The stems and leaves are used for beds or mats on the floor because they are soft and fragrant, and also used for construction (Mbuti Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : amekpi (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest),
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(095), H(219)
Recipes : H(095) The red fruits of Aframomum sanguineum called "gocha or "ola" are eaten raw, tasting a bit sour but refreshing
H(219) The softened stems, split longitudinally, are used to fix the Marantaceae plants such as "ngilipi" (Megaphrynium macrostachyum), to the framework of the roof (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest) (Mbuti Pygmies in the Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : mbembe,bebe (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest), ngemoa Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Aframomum sp.
Official name : Aframomum sp.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(219)
Recipes : H(095) The red fruit of "kola" = Aframomum sp. is eaten
H(219) the whole plant is used for construction and bed-making (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : kola (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Aframomum stipulatum (Gagnep.) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum stipulatum (Gagnep.) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) The fruit of Aframomum stipulatum is eaten. (Mbuti Pygmies in the Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : ngemoa (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Afrardisia staudtii (Gilg) Mez
Official name : Afrardisia staudtii (Gilg) Mez
Family : Myrsinaceae
Symptoms : H(098), H(201)
Recipes : H(098) The petioles of Afrardisia staudtii are broken in front of the eyes to induce good sleep (NDY-)
H(201) The plant is used for making a ritual medicine for net hunting (Mbuti Pygmies in the Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : popokpi (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest), motimoso (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Agelaea obliqua Baker
Official name : Agelaea obliqua Baker
Family : Connaraceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) The ash of the root of "ondetobilichi " = Agelaea sp . added a bit of salt is licked for irritating throat called "ondetobilichi" which causes persistent coughs (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
H(037) The root is slightly burnt and pounded, mixed with salt, then licked for ondetobilichi," cough or irritating throat.(Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : ondetobilichi (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Agelaea obliqua Baker
Official name : Agelaea obliqua Baker
Family : Connaraceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(223)
Recipes : H(223) orientation People who are lost in the forest wear the green branches and leaves of "merikutu" = Agelaea sp on the waist to find the way easily.(Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
H(091) Travelers wear the leaves of Agelaea sp. on the waist which is said to help men walk faster in the forest (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : merikutu (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Agelaea pentagyna (Lam.) Baill.
Official name : Agelaea pentagyna (Lam.) Baill.
Family : Connaraceae
Synonyms : Agelaea dewevrei De Wild. & T. Durand
Symptoms : H(202x)
Recipes : H(202x) Bark sap of Agelaea dewevrei = Agelaea pentagyna is used as a yellow dye.(Mbuti Pygmies in the Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : eku (Efe Pygmies, Ituri fores), takoda (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) A leaf of Ageratum conyzoides decoction is given as a wash to children who suffer from fever (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : kufenguna, amesimosimo (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Aidia micrantha (K. Schum.) F. White
Official name : Aidia micrantha (K. Schum.) F. White
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Vcanis(104) An infusion or decoction of the bark is given to dogs for stomach troubles called "ondekoke" (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest).
V(095) The fruit is eaten by monkeys (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : karu (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest)
Aidia micrantha (K. Schum.) F. White
Official name : Aidia micrantha (K. Schum.) F. White
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(203)
Recipes : H(104) A root-decoction of Aidia micrantha is drunk for stomach disorders (Mbuti Pygmies in Ituri forest)
H(203) The wood is hard and excellent for the shafts of bows and spears (Efe Pygmies in Ituri forest) (TTR) (Mbuti Pygmies in the Ituri forest).
H(203) The wood is used for making a bow called "siiba" (Mbuti Pygmies in Ituri forest)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Itury forest)
Vernacular name : karu, kalu (Efe Pygmies, Ituri forest), tiba, etiiba (Mbuti Pygmies, Ituri forest)