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Reference : HW 10

Author(s) : Weiss. E. A.
Title : Some indigenous plants used domestically by East african costal fishermen Economic Botany, 33, 1,. pp. 35-51, (1979) http://www.springerlink.com/content/044148858871586m/
Reference HW 10 has information about 44 plants :
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : V(106)
Recipes : V(106) the dry pulp of Adansonia digitata. burns with an offensive and irritating smoke, and was used as a fty repellant near stock bomas and as a hut fumigant
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : baobab (English), mbuvu (Swahili), jak, (Boni), muru (Bajun)
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(093), H(106)
Recipes : H(093) antidote, it is a common belief that an antidote to the arrow poison produced from Strophanthus spp can be obtained from the bark of Adansonia digitata
H(106) repellant, the dry pulp burns with an offensive and irritating smoke, and was used as a fty repellant near stock bomas and as a hut fumigant
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : baobab (English), mbuvu (Swahili), jak (Boni), muru (Bajun)
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Official name : Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Nerium obesum Forssk. , Adenium somalense var. crispum Chiov. , Adenium honghel A.DC.
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) poison used on arrows and in fishing can be obtained from the pulp of the tap-root of Adenium obesum and a more efficient (cardiac) poison is obtained from the seeds.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mdagu, wanja (Swahili), mwadiga (Duruma), sarba arba.( Boran)
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Official name : Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Nerium obesum Forssk. , Adenium somalense var. crispum Chiov. , Adenium honghel A.DC.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) poison used on arrows and in fishing can be obtained from the pulp of the tap-root of Adenium obesum and a more efficient (cardiac) poison is obtained from the seeds.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mdagu, wanja (Swahili), mwadiga (Duruma), sarba arba ( Boran),
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) bark infusion of Albizia anthelmintica is used as an anthelmintic
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mpojoro, mtikiti (Swahili), hobocho (Boni), mfuleta (Zigua), hawacho ( Boran)
Aloe sp.
Official name : Aloe sp.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : H(003) leaves or their mucilage of Aloe sp.as a hot poultice to relieve swellings
H(100), an unspecified concoction was also used to treat gonorrhoea.
H(104) the roots are believed to promote regular movement of the bowels, but this statement was often modified by adding that only certain women collected them for this purpose
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : msubili, kisimamleo, msubiri mwitu (Swahili)
Aneilema aequinoctiale (P.Beauv.) G.Don
Official name : Aneilema aequinoctiale (P.Beauv.) G.Don
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) An infusion of the non-flowering plant of Aneilema aequinoctiale was said to relieve colds, but an old man said he remembered "long ago" it was powdered and taken like snuff for the same
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : jaja, sometimes kongwa or kongwa mwitu (Swahili)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(092), H(104), H(175)
Recipes : H(092). In certain areas , the roots of Annona senegalensis are said to be poisonous if eaten.
H(104) roots of Annona chrysophylla are cut into pieces and boiled to produce an extract used in the treatment of stomach-ache.
H(175) the hot pulp is used for poultices
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : wild custard apple (English), mkonokono mwitu (Swahili), mbokwe (Digo), malamute (Boni)
Aristolochia petersiana Klotzsch
Official name : Aristolochia petersiana Klotzsch
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020), widely believed, not only on the coast, to provide an antidote for snakebite, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mtangwa mwiyi (Swahili), lunkulwe (Zigua)
Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Official name : Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(108), H(201)
Recipes : H(108) infusion of the Ieaves of Cadaba farinosa is heated and inhaled to clear the head of colds.
H(201) also used as part of the treatment for persons said to be possessed of evil spirits.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : kibaazi mwitu, mvunja fumo (Swahili), keunya (Boni), khaddi (Boran)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(175)
Recipes : H(175) a poultice is made from a heated wad of leaves of Cassia occidentalis
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : stinking weed (English), (Swahili), mnuka uvundo, mrambazi (Zanzibar, kunde nvika), msalafu (Duruma)
Cleome strigosa (Bojer) Oliv.
Official name : Cleome strigosa (Bojer) Oliv.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(095)
Recipes : H(095) leaves are used as a vegetable.
. H(053) leaf decoction was formerly used to ease earache pain.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mwaangu, mkabila (Swahili)
Commelina africana L.
Official name : Commelina africana L.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), on Zanzibar was Commelina. benghalensis used specifically for the relief of eye injuries.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : kongwa or mpovupovu (Swahili)
Croton sylvaticus Hoschst. ex Krauss
Official name : Croton sylvaticus Hoschst. ex Krauss
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(082), H(104)
Recipes : H(082), H(104), a root infusion of Croton sylvaticus is taken internally for stomach disorders and respiratory infections
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : msinduzi (Swahili), kimili, (Boni), keirtata (Sanya), msandusi (Duruma)
Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) root of Dalbergia melanoxylon decoction was taken as a tonic when sick
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : african blackwood. african ebony.(English), mpingo (Swahili), samachi (Boni), mboranguluwe (Digo)
Datura metel L.
Official name : Datura metel L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Datura alba Nees , Datura fastuosa L.
Symptoms : H(082), H(092)
Recipes : H(082), the leaves and flowers of Datura metel are dried and used to relieve respiratory congestion, being either rolled in rough cigarettes or placed on embers and the smoke inhaled
H(082), one local herbalist at Bagarnoyo , Tanzania, used a small brazier and placed a cloth over it and the head of the person being treated
H(092), the toxic nature of Datura metel is widely known, and it has been used for criminal poisoning in many parts of East Africa. An infusion of the leaves and stem, sometimes the ftowers, is used.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : thorn apple (English), (plant) mnanaha . (fruits) kidyungu (Swahili)
Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020), a pod of Dichrostachys cinerea infusion is drunk to ease the pain from scorpion stings. I was also told that a poultice of the boiled pods was applied to scorpion stings and snake-bites
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mfunga nyumba, mkingiri, mkulajembe (Swahili), mukingili (Sanya), nsativu (Boni), jireme ( Boran)
Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana
Official name : Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), leaves of Dissotis rotundifolia are chewed to relieve coughing
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : kichinja uthia (Swahili)
Grewia villosa Willd.
Official name : Grewia villosa Willd.
Family : Tiliaceae
Synonyms : Grewia echinulata Del.
Symptoms : H(001), H(003)
Recipes : H(001), H(003), a compress of leaves of Grewia villosa was used to reduce facial swellings, and was said to be especially good for sore or swollen eyes.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mukorobasho (Swahili), mkurobosho (Bajun), gomesha (Somali)
Heeria mucronata Bernh.
Official name : Heeria mucronata Bernh.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, infusion of the roots of Heeria mucronata, VO, (Shimha Hills)
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mbarajao, mvunja-hukumu (Swahili), msalasanga (Digo), wurnehu (Sanya), mukuikwaiyu (Giriama)