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Reference : VF 05

Author(s) : Fison, T.
Title : Some ethnoveterinary information from South Sudan Undated document http://www.vetwork.org.uk/evkfison.pdf
Reference VF 05 has information about 46 plants :
Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin
Official name : Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(037), V(052)
Recipes : Vb(037) pleuropneumonia (jok puoth, abuot pwow, abuot piu), take the root bark of "milo" (Albizzia amara), pound it, add water, filter, drench, apply to nostrils once a day for 2 days. (Dinka)
Vb(052) haemorrhagic septicaemia (marol, atuiny, yieth, rut), take the whole root of *milo* (Albizzia amara), pound it, boil in water, filter, drench once daily for 4 days.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : milo
Ampelocissus africana (Lour.) Merr.
Official name : Ampelocissus africana (Lour.) Merr.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : V(037)
Recipes : Vb(037) pleuropneumonia (jok puoth, abuot pwow, abuot piu), take root of buoc (Ampelocissus africanus), pound, soak in water, squeeze out the material, give as drench twice daily for 3 days. (Nuer)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone)
Vernacular name : buoc
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : V(027)
Recipes : Vb(027) neonatal problem, perhaps joint-ill (tiith), boil the leaves of "neem", Azadirachta indica, and drench infusion until improvement.(Nuer)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone)
Vernacular name : neem
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : V(001), V(039)
Recipes : Vb(001) keratitis (nyintok or madhany), take the leaves of thou (Balanites aegyptiaca), chew them, spit juice into the eye. (Dinka)
Vb(039) ticks (acaak, caak, jok caakni), Make fire of "agep" (Borassus palm), root of "apac" (Piliostigma thonningii), "thou" (Balanites aegyptiaca), and aminthok, take the ash (awan kec), pour water through it, collect water in container and apply several times. Prick each tick with a thorn. (Dinka and Nuer)
Vb(039) ticks (acaak, caak, jok caakni), Make fire of "agep" (Borassus palm), root of "apac" (Piliostigma thonningii), "thou" (Balanites aegyptiaca), and aminthok, take the ash (awan kec), pour water through it, collect water in container and apply several times. Prick each tick with a thorn. (Dinka and Nuer)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone and Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : thou
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : V(027)
Recipes : Vb(027) neonatal problem, perhaps joint-ill (tiith), take the ripe fruit of "thou" (Balanites aegyptiaca), soak in water, mix up with the hand, give the whole mixture as a drench. The kernels may also be fried and used. (Nuer)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone)
Vernacular name : thou
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : V(054)
Recipes : Vb(054) trypanosomiasis (luac, anoi, noi en bor, noi tarou, loth etc), take kernels of "thou" (Balanites aegyptiaca), roast on hot pan, cool, pound, add cold water, give as drench once daily until recovery. The treatment may cause diarrhoea.(Dinka)
Vb(041) anthrax (jok nyal, anyuin, jok tak), take the fruits of *thou* (Balanites sp.), soak in water, filter, give as drench.(Dinka )
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : thou
Borassus sp.
Official name : Borassus sp.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : V(051)
Recipes : Vb(008) diarrhoea (yac), take the sprouting seed (rok) of "agep" (Borassus palm), pound it, add cow's milk, give as drench once only. (Dinka)
Vb(051) bovine ephemeral fever (doin doin, adhony), tie the patient near a fire made of the leaves of "agep" (Borassus palm).(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : agep
Borassus sp.
Official name : Borassus sp.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(039)
Recipes : Vb(039) ticks (acaak, caak, jok caakni), Make fire of "agep" (Borassus palm), root of "apac" (Piliostigma thonningii), "thou" (Balanites aegyptiaca), and "aminthok", take the ash (awan kec), pour water through it, collect water in container and apply several times. Prick each tick with a thorn. (Dinka and Nuer)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone and Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : agep
Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Official name : Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : V(050)
Recipes : Vb(050) bloat (rieth), drench *lulu* (Butyrospermum) oil.(Dinka)
Vb(014) dermatophilosis (panyuany, manyuin), apply oil of "lulu" tree (Dinka)
Bior (not identified)., apply *lulu* (Butyrospermum) oil.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : tiit
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : V(002)
Recipes : Vb(002), reduction in milk yield, (piay yang), take leaf of "pah" (Calotropis procera), cut in pieces, soak and pound in water, drench infusion twice daily for 2 days.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sud-Soudan
Vernacular name : pah
Cannabis sativa L.
Official name : Cannabis sativa L.
Family : Cannabaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) anthrax (jok nyal, anyuin, jok tak), soak cannabis in water, put in nostrils and ears.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Capparis fascicularis DC.
Official name : Capparis fascicularis DC.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) anthrax (jok nyal, anyuin, jok tak) take root, and root bark, of bush called "ajuet" (Capparis fascicularis), pound, add cold water, give as drench and pour into nostrils in morning and evening of first day and the next morning.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : ajuet
Cassia sieberiana DC.
Official name : Cassia sieberiana DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia kotschyana Oliv.
Symptoms : V(037)
Recipes : Vb(037) pleuropneumonia (jok puoth, abuot pwow, abuot piu), take the root bark of a tree called "beel" (Cassia sieberiana), pound it, mix with water, give as a drench in the morning and evening for several days. It is used in cattle, sheep and goats but is not always effective.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : beel
Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng.
Official name : Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : V(020), V(070)
Recipes : Vb(020) snakebite (pien), take root of tree called "kaar" (Catunaregam spinosum), pound with water, filter, give as drench.(Dinka)
Vb(070) rabies (wath, yong, bany joo), take the root bark of small tree called kaar (Catunaregam spinosum), pound, soak in water for one day, give as drench.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : kaar
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Official name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : V(037)
Recipes : Vb(037) pleuropneumonia (jok puoth, abuot pwow, abuot piu), Take the stem of a climbing plant called "rieng or depgany" (Nuer) and "areng" (Dinka), (Cissus quadrangularis, dep=rope, gany=monitor lizard), cut it in pieces, soak in water for one day, drench daily for 14days. This may cause cough.(Nuer and Dinka).
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone and Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : rieng,depgany (Nuer),areng (Dinka)
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Official name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : V(014), V(030), V(039), V(054)
Recipes : Vb(014) dermatophilosis (panyuany, manyuin), take leaf and stem of the climbing plant rieng or depgany (Cissus quadrangularis), chop up, add water, leave soaking for several hours, apply to skin. Then apply salt or DDT powder to prevent flies. Repeat every 2 days.(Nuer)
Vb(030) retained afterbirth (geklap, lap), take depgany (Cissus quadrangularis), cut in pieces, soak in water, squeeze out the material, drench the infusion once only.
Vb(039) ticks (acaak, caak, jok caakni), take all parts of the plant "depgany" (Cissus quadrangularis), pound them together, soak in water for 3 days (becomes reddish) and leave in sun for a day, apply just before the animal is released for grazing. This treatment may cause irritation and the cow may rub against trees causing sores
Vb(054) trypanosomiasis (luac, anoi, noi en bor, noi tarou, loth etc), use infusion of climbing plant called "depgany "(Cissus quadrangularis).(Nuer)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone)
Vernacular name : depgany
Cordia sp.
Official name : Cordia sp.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : V(030), V(054)
Recipes : Vb(030) retained afterbirth (geklap, lap), take the leaves of "akoi" (probably Cordia sp.), cut in pieces, soak, give as drench. (Dinka)
Vb(054) trypanosomiasis (luac, anoi, noi en bor, noi tarou, loth etc), take the stem bark of a tree called akuoi (or akuei) kit (Cordia sp.), which is found at Dhiam Dhiam and in the Bor woodland, chew it, spit it into the nostrils (causes sneezing, urination and defaecation) every morning until recovery. This treatment is also used for any cow, which is off colour. (Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : akuoi, akuei
Cucurbita sp.
Official name : Cucurbita sp.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : V(010), V(037)
Recipes : Vb(010) foot and mouth disease (FMD) Nuer: dat (central Upper Nile and Zeraf)), mix the flesh of a pumpkin with water and give as a drench. However, pumpkins are not available between April and September, when det usually occurs.(Nuer)
Vb(010) foot and mouth disease (FMD) aftermath (juol or jul), smash up a whole pumpkin (kolon), add water, give as a drench. This may be done once the signs of det are over in order to prevent juol.(Nuer)
Vb(037) pleuropneumonia (jok puoth, abuot pwow, abuot piu), cut a fresh gourd, remove the flesh and soak in water, drench the mixture every 3 days. (Nuer)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Nuer zone)
Vernacular name : kolon
Cucurbita sp.
Official name : Cucurbita sp.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) anthrax (jok nyal, anyuin, jok tak), take the flesh from a green gourd, mix with water, filter and give as a drench.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Cynodon sp.
Official name : Cynodon sp.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : V(112)
Recipes : Vb(112) abortion, ask the mother (better), or father, of twins to come and tie a special, thin rope made from a grass called muon (probably Cynodon) around the neck of the aborted cow. They must also say some special words.(Dinka)
Region : East Africa
Country : South-Soudan (Dinka zone)
Vernacular name : muon