Zhang, Y., De Meyer, M., Virgilio, M., Feng, S., Badji, K. & Li, Z. 2021. ‘Phylogenomic resolution of the Ceratitis FARQ complex ( Diptera : Tephritidae )’. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107160. I.F. 3.496.
Article in a scientific Journal / Article in a Journal
The Ceratitis FARQ complex (formerly FAR complex) includes four frugivorous tephritids, Ceratitis fasciventris, C. anonae, C. rosa and C. quilicii, the latter two causing important agricultural losses in Africa. Although FARQ species can be identified on the basis of subtle morphological differences, they cannot be resolved as mono- phyletic when trying phylogenetic tree reconstructions based on mitochondrial or nuclear gene fragments except for microsatellites. In this study, we used mitogenome and genome-wide SNPs to investigate the phylogenetic relationship within the complex as well as between all four Ceratitis subgenera. The analysis of 13 species supported the monophyly of the Ceratitis subgenera Ceratitis, Ceratalaspis, Pardalaspis, and recovered Pterandrus as paraphyletic but could not properly resolve species within the FARQ complex. Conversely, gene and species tree reconstructions based on 785,484 genome-wide SNPs could consistently resolve the FARQ taxa and provide insights into their phylogenetic relationships. Gene flow was detected by TreeMix analysis from C. quilicii to C. fasciventris, suggesting the existence of introgression events in the FARQ complex. Our results suggest that genome-wide SNPs represent a suitable tool for the molecular diagnosis of FARQ species and could possibly be used to develop rapid diagnostic methods or to trace the origins of intercepted samples.