Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

Search |  Practical Guide |  Contact |  Authors |  Disclaimer

Official name : Chenopodium ugandae (Aellen) Aellen
Family : Chenopodiaceae

9 reference(s) related to this plant

Reference HB 01
Author(s) : Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title : Guérisseurs et plantes médicinales de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgique.Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 18, 214 p., (1989) From the data bank PHARMEL 2 (ref. HP 10)
Symptoms : H(003), H(005), H(006), H(008), H(014), H(018), H(020), H(022), H(028), H(031), H(037), H(046), H(068), H(078), H(091), H(113), H(104), H(201)
Recipes : H(003),H(012)), local application stems and leaves pounded of Bidens pilosa of Chenopodium ugandae of Oxalis corniculata of Spilanthes mauritiana
H(003),H(012)), leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Conyza sumatrensis, to pound, local application
H(005) legs oedema, local application leaves pounded of Bidens pilosa of Chenopodium ugandae of Cynodon nlemfuensis of Rumex bequartii
H(006), seeds of Chenopodium., powder, VO.
H(006) + H(104), H(068) amoeba, H(104), leaves of Chenopodium., maceration (H2O), VO.
H(006) + H(104), H(068) amoeba, H(104), leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Hygrophila auriculata, juice, VO.
H(008), leaves of Chenopodium., decoction (H2O), enema
H(008), decoction (H2O) leaves of Allophylus africanus of Chenopodium ugandae of Rhus vulgaris of Steganotaenia araliacea of Virectaria major, enema
H(014) dermatosis, skin eruption, leaves of Chenopodium., decoction (H2O), bath
H(014) dermatosis, skin eruption, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Thunbergia alata, decoction (H2O), bath
H(014) dermatosis, skin eruption, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Virectaria major, juice, friction
H(014) dermatosis, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Faurea saligna of Phytolacca dodecandra of Ziziphus abyssinica, maceration (H2O), friction
H(014) tinea, stems with leaves of Chenopodium., powder, local application en unguent
H(014) tinea, leaves of Chenopodium., powder, local application en unguent
H(020, 3) snake, leaves of Chenopodium., to pound, local application
H(020, 2) snake, leaves of Chenopodium., decoction (H2O), VO.
H(020, 2) snake, leaves of Chenopodium., juice, VO.
H(020) snake, leaves of Chenopodium., juice, VO. + local application
H(020) snake, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Erlangea cordifolia of Hyparrhenia cymbaria, to carbonize, VO., scarifications
H(020) snake, leaves of Chenopodium., to carbonize, VO.
H(020) snake, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Eriosema montanum, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(020) snake, leaves of Eriosema montanum of Chenopodium ugandae, to carbonize, VO.
H(020) snake, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, roots of Indigofera arrecta, to pound, local application
H(022), leaves of Bidens pilosa of Chenopodium ugandae of Indigofera atriceps of Veronica abyssinica, decoction (H2O), enema
H(028) uterus, leaves of Chenopodium., decoction (H2O), VO.
H(028) uterus, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Lannea schimperi, to pound, in vagina
H(031), leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Cissus rubiginosa of Clerodendrum myricoides of Drymaria cordata, of Erlangea spissa of Sesamum angolense, infusion (H2O), VO.
H(037) cough, H(046) measles, chicken-pox, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Thunbergia sp., decoction (H2O), VO.
H(037) cough, leaves of Chenopodium., decoction (H2O), VO.
H(046) measles, chicken-pox, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Crassocephalum sp. of Guizotia scabra of Erlangea spissa of Microglossa pyrifoplia of Piper umbellatum of Vernonia lasiopus of Virectaria major of Zehneria scabra, decoction (H2O), VO. + bath
H(046) measles, chicken-pox, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(046) measles, chicken-pox, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, infusion (H2O), VO.
H(046) measles, chicken-pox, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction (H2O), bath , enema
H(046) measles, chicken-pox, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction (H2O), bath
H(068) intestinal parasitism, leaves of Chenopodium., decoction (H2O), enema
H(078) mild tumor, leaves of Biophytum helenae of Chenopodium ugandae, juice, scarifications
H(091) childs, to carbonize of leaves of Anisopappus africanus of Ageratum conyzoides of Acalypha psilostachya of Aspillia pluriseta of Berkheya spekeana of Haumaniastrum itchopsifolium of Chenopodium ugandae of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Floscopa glomerata of Tetradenia riparia , VO.
H(091) childs, leaves of Anisopappus africanus of Ageratum conyzoides of Acalypha psilostachya of Aspillia pluriseta of Berkheya spekeana of Haumaniastrum itchopsifolium of Chenopodium ugandae of Dichrocephala integrifolia of Floscopa glomerata of Tetradenia riparia, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(091) kwash., leaves of Brillantaisia cicatricosa of Chenopodium ugandae of Lannea schimperi, decoction (H2O), enema
H(091) kwash., leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, to carbonize, VO.
H(091) kwash., leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Geranium aculeolatum of Vicia paucifolia, stems with leaves of Microglossa pyrifolia of Ranunculus multifidus, decoction (H2O), VO. + enema
H(091) kwash., leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Geranium aculeolatum of Vicia paucifolia, stems with leaves of Microglossa pyrifolia of Ranunculus multifidus, to carbonize, VO.
H(113) rheumatism, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Gynura scandens, decoction (H2O), to pound (H2O), local application
H(113) rheumatism, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Cynodon nlemfuensis, decoction (H2O), to pound (H2O), local application
H(201) protection during menses, leaves of Chenopodium., to pound, friction
H(201), H(091), to prevent child illness, VO., decoction (H2O) leaves of Ageratum conyzoides, Acalypha psilostachya, Anisopappus africanus, Aspilia plurisetta, Berkheya spekeana, Hausmaniastrum itchopsifolium, Chenopodium ugandae, Dichrocephala integrifolia, Floscopa glomerata, Tetradenia riparia
H(201) psychosis, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Drymaria cordata of Phytolacca dodecandra, drops in ears, drops in nose
H(201) psychosis, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Ocimum basilicum, decoction (H2O), to sprinkle
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, stems with leaves of Bidens granti of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Whithania somnifera, decoction (H2O), enema
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Periploca linearifolia of Whithania somnifera, barks stem, branch, trunk of Polyscias fulva, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae of Plectranthus barbatus of Solanum aculeastrum…var. albifolium, infusion (H2O), VOP. + friction
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, H(091) kwash., H(008), H(018), leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction (H2O), bath
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, H(091) kwash., H(008), H(018), leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction (H2O), VO.
H(201) psychosis, again the bad spirits, H(091) kwash., H(008), H(018), leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, juice, VO.
H(201) psychosis, again malediction, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, to carbonize, scarifications
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kirundi)
Reference HK 21
Author(s) : Kayonga, A. & F. X. Habiyaremye
Title : Médecine traditionnelle et plantes médicinales rwandaises. Contribution aux études ethnobotaniques de la flore rwandaise.Préfecture de Gisenyi.Univ. Nat. Rwanda Centre universitaire de recherche sur la pharmacopée et la médecine traditionnelle, CURPHAMETRA, inédit, 121p., (1987)
Symptoms : H(003), H(008), H(014), H(016), H(020), H(037), H(055), H(091), H(093), H(104), H(109), H(145), H(183), H(201)
Recipes : H(003), (sprain, imvune), leaves Solanum nigrum, Chenopodium ugandae, Clerodendrum buchholzii (umukuzanyana), Cyathula schimperiana (igifashi), extract H2O, VO., 1 glass
H(008) dys., leaves of Rubia cordifolia , Tragia brevipes, Chenopodium ugandae, Euphorbia schimperiana (kamaramahano), Lagenaria shaerica (umutanga), pounded, extract H2O, VO. 1 soup spoon morning and evening
H(014) itch, leaves, powder + butter, external use
H(014)pityriasis versicola, leaves, powder + butter, external use
H(016), leaves Chenopodium ugandae, Ocimum urticifolium (umwenya) , Crotalaria incana (umuyogera), extract, VO.
H(020) snake, leaves Chenopodium ugandae, Chenopodium procerum, stems and leaves Monopsis stellarioides (ubwungo), whole plant undeterminated species (inturumbutsi), pounded, warmup, external use on wound
H(020) snake, leaves Lantana trifolia, Chenopodium ugandae, extract H2O, VO., 3 soup spoons / h, 3X
H(022), leaves Lysimachia ruhmeriana, Chenopodium ugandae, extract H20, VO.
H(037) pneumonia, leaves pounded, crushed + H2O, extract,VO.
H(091), (ingonga, uruhima), leaves Chenopodium ugandae, whole plants Drymaria cordata, Dissotis senegambiensis, crushed, juice, VO. 1 coffee spoon / D.
H(091), (ingonga, uruhima), leaves Cucurbita pepo, Chenopodium ugandae, Clutia abyssinica, Indigofera arrecta, decoction in banana juice + honey, VO, 3 coffee spoon / D.
H(091) kwash., leaves Chenopodium ugandae, Erythrina abyssinica, Gynandropsis gynandra, Amaranthus graecizans, maceration + banana beer, VO.
H(093) + H(055) + H(201), (uburozi), leaves Senecio mannii, Brillantaisia cicatricosa , Chenopodium ugandae, maceration in banana beer, VO., 1 cup in the morning
H(104) colic, leaves pounded, extract, VO, 1 soup spoon/ D.
H(109) sciatic, leaves, Hibiscus fuscus, Acanthus pubescens, Desmodium repandum, Rubus rigidus, Chenopodium ugandae, Chenopodium ugandae, Tragia brevipes, pounded, extract H2O, VO., 1 à 2 glass / D.
H(145), leaves Chenopodium ugandae, flowers Erythrina abyssinica , maceration, VO. + reduction of the prolapsus with the rest of the leaves
H(183, 2), leaves Chenopodium ugandae , Crotalaria incana (umuyogera), maceration, VO., 3X 1 caffee spoon , or as often as possible
H(183), leaves Chenopodium ugandae , Crotalaria incana (umuyogera), Physalis peruviana, maceration, VO., as often as possible
H(183), leaves Chenopodium ugandae , Chenopodium procerum, extract, VO., 1 drop + local application
H(201) madness, leaves Vernonia pogosperma, Chenopodium ugandae, Phyllanthus fraternus (ubugomboro), pounded + H2O, VO., 1 glass/ 2X par D.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda (Gisenyi district)
Vernacular name : umugombe, umwisheke
Reference HM 48
Author(s) : M.-J. Mukazayire, M.-J. , V. Minani, C. K. Ruffo, E. Bizuru, C. Stévigny, P. Duez
Title : Traditional phytotherapy remedies used in Southern Rwanda for the treatment of liver diseases Journal of Ethnopharmacology 138, 415– 431 (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111006957
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) liver diseases, cush 250 g of leaves of Chenopodium ugandae and boil with 1 bottle of H2O. Filtrer. VO. 1 bottle a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, decoct 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica bark and mix with 300 mg whole plant Bidens pilosa, 300 mg leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, 300 mg leaves of Draceana steudneri grounded in a mortar, in 1 L. H2O. VO. alf a cup 3 times a day with 8 h interval for 10 or 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 1/2 kg of Erythrina abyssinica stem bark in a mortar and mix up with 1 spoon of whole plant of Bidens pilosa., leaves of Coffea arabica and Guizotia scabra of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Chenopodium ugandae . Macerate and Filtrer.VO. A small cup 3 times per day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, Macerate a handful of leaves of Carica papaya of Hypoestes triflora of Chenopodium ugandae of stem bark of Erythrina abyssinica crushed in a mortar and in 1 L of H2O. Filtrer and boil. VO. one small cup 3 times a day within 8 h of interval during 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of leaves of Hypoestes triflora of Leucas martinicensis of Desmodium repandum of Draceana steudneri of Chenopodium ugandae of stem barks of Erythrina abyssinica of leaves, roots, fruit seeds of Silybum marianum in a mortar and macerate in 1 L of H2O. Filtrer and boil., VO. a small cup 3 times a day
H(126) liver diseases, mix a handful of leaves of Vernonia lasiopus of Indigofera arrecta of Lantana trifolia of Hypoestes triflora of Crassocephalum vitellinum of Guizotia scabra of Melanthera scandens of Chenopodium ugandae of Dodonaea viscosa, decoct in 2 L of H2O and Filtrer. VO. 2 glasses a day during 6 days or 2 cups per day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 500 g of Erythrina bark in a mortar and mix up with 100 g of leaves of Mangifera indica of Leonotis nepetifolia of Guizotia scabra of Draceana steudneri of Chenopodium ugandae of Crassocephalum vitellinum, macerate in 2 L of H2O. VO. 3 cups a day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of leaves of Desmodium repandum of Indigofera arrecta of Berkheya spekeana of Leucas martinicensis of Chenopodium ugandae of leaves and roots of Crassocephalum vitellinum add 1 L of H2O and decoct with 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica stem bark. Filtrer.VO. half a cup 3 times a day for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, grind a handful of leaves of each plant of Berkheya spekeana of Leucas martinicensis of Chenopodium ugandae of Desmodium repandum of Indigofera arrecta, decoction in 1 L. H2O, Filtrer, VO. 1 small cup every 8 h for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, mix a handful of leaves of each plant of Leonotis nepetifolia of Dodonaea viscosa of Hypoestes triflora of Guizotia scabra of Chenopodium ugandae decoction in 1 liter H2O, Filtrer, VO. 2 glasses a day for 3 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind 500 g of Erythrina abyssinica bark in a mortar and mix up with one spoon of the juice from leaves of all other plants of Rubus rigidus of Persea americana of Bidens pilosa of Indigofera arrecta of Leonotis nepetifolia of Chenopodium ugandae. Boil in 1 L of H2O and Filtrer, VO. 1 cup 3 times a day for 1 week
H(126) liver diseases, crush a handful of stem barks of Dracaena steudneri of roots of Monechma subsessilis of roots of Ludwigia abyssinica of leaves of Aspilia africana of leaves of Chenopodium ugandae, decoction in 3 L. H2O., VO. 1 bottle a day for 12 days
H(126) liver diseases, grind a handful of each plant of Dracaena steudneri of Monechma subsessilis of Ludwigia abyssinica of Aspilia africana of Chenopodium ugandae in a mortar, boil in 1 L of cold H2O. VO. 1 glass of one bottle a day with a total of 12 days or 12 bottles
Region : Central Africa
Country : Southern Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kinyarwanda)
Reference HN 03
Author(s) : Nyakabwa, M. & R. Gapusi
Title : Plantes médicinales utilisées chez les Banyamulenge de Fizi au Sud-Kivu (Zaïre). African study monographs, 11, 2, 101 - 114, (1990)
Symptoms : H(004), H(124), H(056)
Recipes : H(004) + H(124), hemorrage from wound, pounded leaves, extract, local application
H(004) + H(124), hemorrage from wound, burned leaves, ashes, local application
H(056) thunderbolt, Hygrophila auriculata , Chenopodium ugandae, Crassocephalum bojeri, Plantago palmata, ONS, pounded + H2O, one part of the pant for the bath an other to inhale (a decoction?) and the last to be burned for a steam bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (South - Kivu)
Vernacular name : umugombe
Reference HN 52
Author(s) : Ngezahayo, J., F. Havyarimana, L. Hari, C. Stévigny, P. Duez.
Title : Medicinal plants used by Burundian traditional healers for the treatment of microbial diseases + Supplemtary table Journal of Ethnopharmacology 173, 338–351 (2015)
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(014), H(037), H(046)
Recipes : H(037) pneumonia. a handful of leaves of Chenopodium ugandae are macerated in water (1 L) 2 glasses are drunk a day until recovery; 2 handfuls of dried leaves are calcined. Scarifications are practiced once a day;
H(008) diarrhea. A handful of leaves are macerated in water (a bottle). A glass is drunk twice a day for 3 days)
H(014) ringworm. , H(013) purulent rashes. (A handful of dried leaves are pounded and mixed with cow butter. The mixture is applied on the body and two pinches are eaten once a day until recovery
H(053) otitis; A handful of fresh leaves are pounded and the juice is squeezed out from the leaves/ 3 drops are instilled in the ear twice a day until recover. + beer and modern medicines
H(008) choléra 100 g of dried leaves are pounded and powdered/A spoonful powder is eaten 3 times a day + Beer and modern medicines
H(013) skin mycosis. About 500 g of dried leaves are pounded, powdered and mixed with cow butter. The mixture is rubbed on the body twice a day for a week
H(046) varicella 2 handfuls of leaves are macerated in water (2 bottles) and applied on the body twice a day
This plant is reported by 17% of informants
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kirundi)
Reference HP 05
Author(s) : Polygenis - Bigendako, M.-J.
Title : Recherches ethnopharmacognosiques sur les plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle au Burundi occidental. Thèse présentée en vue de l'obtention du grade de Docteur en sciences, année acad. 1989 - 1990, Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Botanique Systématique et de Phytosociologie, 352 p., (1990)
Symptoms : H(014), H(020), H(037), H(046), H(068), H(118), H(201)
Recipes : H(014), whole plant Chenopodium ugandae , leaves of Tetradenia riparia , pounded, friction
H(020) snake, stems, leaves Chenopodium ugandae , leaves Lysimachia ruhmeriana, maceration H2O, VO. + frictions
H(037), leaves, infusion H2O, VO.
H(037) tuberculosis, ashes of Berkheya spekeana , Chenopodium ugandae, Synadenium grantii , Ficus ovata , VO.
H(046, 2), leaves + stems, maceration H2O, bath
H(068), leaves, infusion H2O, VO.
H(118), fruit Capsicum frutescens, leaves Chenopodium ugandae , Commelina africana , pounded + salt, friction
H(201)amacire, bad luck, burned leaves, ashes of Bidens pilosa , Chenopodium ugandae, Datura stramonium sur scarifications
H(201), leaves, maceration H2O, aspersion
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi (Occidental)
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kirundi)
Reference HV 01
Author(s) : Van Puyvelde L., M. Ngaboyisonga, P.C. Rwangabo, S. Mukarugambwa, A. Kayonga, Runyinya-Barabwiriza
Title : Enquêtes ethnobotaniques sur la médecine traditionnelle rwandaise.Tome 1: Préfecture de Kibuye. Univ. Nat. Inst. Nat. Rech. Sc., Butare (Rwanda), 147 p., (1977)
Symptoms : H(014), H(020), H(068), H(126)
Recipes : H(014) itch, roots of Psorospermum febrifugum, leaves of Chenopodium ugandae , to pound, to dilute, unction + butter
H(020), stems with leaves, flowers of Acalypha villicaulis of Cassia floribunda , stems with leaves of Haemanthus sp. of Chenopodium ugandae, leaves pounded Sida cordifolia , leaves of Solanum indicum of Cassia sp. of Clematis hirsuta of Indigofera arrecta of Brillantaisia cicatricosa, to pound, to filter, VO. + scarifications + butter on the body
H(068) child, leaves of Vernonia sp. of Chenopodium ugandae, powder, decoction, to filter, VO.
H(126), barks stem, branch, trunk of Dracaena sp., roots of Monechma subsessile of Ludwigia abyssinica, leaves of Aspilia africana of Chenopodium ugandae, to pound, decoction, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : not registered
Reference VB 02
Author(s) : Baerts, M. & J. Lehmann
Title : Plantes médicinales vétérinaires de la région des crêtes Zaïre-Nil au Burundi. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 21, 133 p., (1991)
Symptoms : V(001), V(004), V(005), V(007), V(020), V(029), V(030), V(035)
Recipes : Vb(001,1), juice of leaves, drops in eyes, Spilanthes mauritiana . + Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(004,3), pulp leaves, compresses
Vb(005,1), juice of leaves, VO., Chenopodium ugandae + Momordica foetida
Vb(007,2), pulp leaves , compresses for multiple cutaneous diseases
Vb(020,8), juice of leaves , VO. + to sprinkle on wounds
Vb(020,1), juice of leaves , VO., to sprinkle + Rhus vulgaris + Dalbergia lactea + Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(020,1), juice of leaves ,VO., ashes on scarifications, Cassia occidentalis+ Chenopodium ugandae
Vb(020,3), ashes of leaves on scarifications, Periploca linearifolia + Chenopodium ugandae + Asparagus africanus + Ziziphus abyssinica
Vb(029,1), juice of leaves and stems+ cruhing part ,VO. + icegeko
Vb(030,1), juice of leaves , VO.
Vb(035,3), juice of leaves , VO.
icegeko: treatment for the sterile cows and those that refuse to be suck. The pulp plundered with the plant is introduced into the vagina, later one removes it soaked of lochies if the cow gave birth recently . One carries the whole in the nostrils of the cow. One expresses the juice and one arranges the rests of the plant on the calf coated with salt.The cow will lick the calf who will be allowed to suck
Region : Central Africa
Country : Burundi (Zaïre-Nil ridge region)
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kirundi)
Reference VB 36
Author(s) : Balagizi, I. , A. Cihyoka & S. Mapatano
Title : Lexique et recueil des quelques pratiques en ethno-pharmacopée agro-vétérinaire au Kivu. Plate forme Diobass au Kivu, 118p. (juin 2005)
Symptoms : V(004), V(013), V(027)
Recipes : Vb(004) + Vb(013), ulcerous wounds (igishega), to pound the dried leaves of Chenopodium ugandae + oil, local application
Vb(004) + Vb(013), ulcerous wounds (igishega), to pound the dried leaves of Chenopodium ugandae + ashes of bananas (Musa sp.), local application
Vb(027) abortion prevention, 1 handfull of leaves of Cyathula uncinulata of Chenopodium procerum of Indigofera arrecta of Sida rhombifolia of Pycnostachys erici-rosenii of Hibiscus noldae, whole plant of Setaria verticillata, to pound, to dilute in 1 liter H2O , VO , 75 cl morning and evening
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (Kivu)
Vernacular name : mugombegombe (Mashi, mushafeza, mugombe (Fuliro)