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Reference : HD 04

Author(s) : Desouter, S.
Title : Pharmacopée humaine et vétérinaire du Rwanda. Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale Tervuren. Ann. Sc. Eco., Vol. 22, 254 p., (1991)
Reference HD 04 has information about 96 plants :
Acacia brevispica Harms
Official name : Acacia brevispica Harms
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103), stems as brush teeth
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugeyo (Kinyarwanda)
Acalypha villicaulis Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Official name : Acalypha villicaulis Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris, pounded leaves, warm juice, VO., childs 1 spoon
H(091), for child and mother, barks roots, chewed
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugonampili (Kinyarwanda)
Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Official name : Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Acanthus arboreus C.B.Clarke
Symptoms : H(002x), H(030)
Recipes : H(002x), leaves, local application
H(030), leaves Entada abyssinica + roots Acanthus pubescens, decoction (H2O) , RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name : igitovu (Kinyarwanda), lurhadu (Zaïre, Bukavu)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(006), H(007), H(037)
Recipes : H(006), H(007),H(037) pneumonia, whole plant, pounded H2O, juice, 1 gulp morning and evening
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushomorankoko, umushomborankoko (Kinyarwanda)
Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name : Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC. , Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Symptoms : H(103), H(137)
Recipes : H(103) + H(137), flowers, chewed, juice, to rub the gums and keep the rest in the mouth a long time as sedative
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ubushwima (Kinyarwanda)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(004), H(100), H(118), H(131)
Recipes : H(004) + H(100) syph., Clerodendrum myricoides, Ageratum conyzoides, Thunbergia alata , ONS., RNS.
H(004), pounded leaves, juice on wounds
H(004), pounded leaves, plaster on wounds, Uganda (Ankole)
H(118) + H(131), laryngitis from yaws, roots coocked in banana beer, VO., 2 soup spoons , 1X / day
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : ruheha, kaziraruguma, inkuruba, uruheza, karura (Kinyarwanda), butabuta (Uganda, Ankole)
Aloe volkensii Engl.
Official name : Aloe volkensii Engl.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(051)
Recipes : H(006) purg., leaves, sap, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igikakarumbamba (Kinyarwanda)
Anisopappus africanus (Hook. f.) Oliv. & Hiern
Official name : Anisopappus africanus (Hook. f.) Oliv. & Hiern
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(108)
Recipes : H(037) cough, pounded leaves, juice, VO.
H(108), pounded leaves, juice, drops in nose
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuretezaho (Kinyarwanda)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(008), H(103), H(113)
Recipes : H(008), ONS., RNS.
H(103), roots, decoction (H2O) , RNS.
H(113), roots, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikilyohera (Kinyarwanda)
Basella alba L.
Official name : Basella alba L.
Family : Basellaceae
Synonyms : Basella rubra L.
Symptoms : H(004), H(088)
Recipes : H(004) + H(088), pounded leaves, infusion, wash the wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : indarama (Kinyarwanda)
Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Official name : Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(020)
Recipes : H(008), young buds, juice, VO. (Bushi)
H(020) snake, pounded roots, rubed on the snake bite. The bite is scarifyed and sucked
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi)
Vernacular name : ikigwarara (Kinyarwanda), mugwigwi (Zaïre, Bushi)
Blepharispermum pubescens S. Moore
Official name : Blepharispermum pubescens S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(019)
Recipes : H(019), ONS. Blepharispermum pubescens, Chenopodium opulifolium , Polygala luteoviridis (kamenamaseke), RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umunyuragisaka (Kinyarwanda)
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Official name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng.
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139), leaves, decoction (H2O), RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukunde, intenderwa (Kinyarwanda), pois cajan (Français), pigeon pea (English)
Canthium glaucum Hiern
Official name : Canthium glaucum Hiern
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139), fruit, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umurengarutare (Kinyarwanda)
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(075), H(112)
Recipes : H(075), roots, stems barks, to dry, pounded, maceration, VO., 1/2 spoon morning and evening for weak and mad people
H(112), roots barks Carissa edulis + roots Microglossa pyrifolia, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umunyonza, umuyonza (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(001), H(068), H(108)
Recipes : H(001), pounded leaves, decoction (H2O) , steam bath + eyes lotion with cold decoction
H(068), small intestinal worms, leaves, juice, 1 small spoon + milk, VO. on empty stomach
H(108), pounded leaves, juice + H2O, drops in nose
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubagabaga, umucyuro, umucyurabuhoro (Kinyarwanda)
Celosia stuhlmanniana Schinz
Official name : Celosia stuhlmanniana Schinz
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris, pounded plant + banana beer, fermentation during 4 days, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugozi (Kinyarwanda)
Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Official name : Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(019), H(020), H(046), H(068)
Recipes : H(013), dartres-prurit, leaves + petiole, pounded, juice + kaolin + butter, ointment
H(019), ONS. Blepharispermum pubescens, Chenopodium opulifolium , Polygala luteoviridis (kamenamaseke), RNS
H(020) snake, Gabon viper and buffer viper, leaves Chenopodium opulifolium, Hibiscus fuscus, pounded, paste on bite (Zaïre, Bushi)
H(046) chicken-pox, pounded leaves + H2O, maceration, VO.(small quantities) + enema, 2 à 4 X/week, wash the body
H(068), anthelminthic, dry seeds, powder + warm banana beer, VO., after that VO. milk
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi)
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kinyarwanda)
Clematis simensis Fres.
Official name : Clematis simensis Fres.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(113)
Recipes : H(104), stems + leaves, pounded + H2O + sorgho beer, VO., 2 gulps morning and evening during many days
H(113), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukamba, umunkamba (Kinyarwanda)
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Official name : Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(004), H(100), H(068), H(099)
Recipes : H(004) + H(100) syph., Clerodendrum myricoides, Ageratum conyzoides, Thunbergia alata , ONS., RNS.
H(068) childs, root's barks, decoction (H2O) + salt + butter, VO.
H(099) epilepsy, pounded leaves, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukuzanya (Kinyarwanda)
Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name : Combretum molle R. Br.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms : H(004), H(037), H(045)
Recipes : H(004) + H(045), pounded leaves, juice on wounds
H(037) cough, maceration of barks, VO.
H(037) cough, leaves, chewed, juice, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umurama, ihururulyaruhinda (Kinyarwanda)
Commelina sp.
Official name : Commelina sp.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(055), H(111)
Recipes : H(001), H(055), H(111), juice, RNS.
H(031),H(037)cough
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : uruteja (Kinyarwanda)
Commelina sp.
Official name : Commelina sp.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), leavesVirectaria major, whole plant Commelina sp., decoction (H2O), steam bath
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : uruteja (Kinyarwanda)
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(031)
Recipes : H(020)scorpio, (West africa), pounded barks and rasped + dough of limestone, on scorpio bite
H(031) (Rwanda), leaves, RNS.
Region : West and central Africa
Country : Rwanda, West Africa
Vernacular name : umudahwera (Kinyarwanda), myrrhe africaine (Français)
Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Crassocephalum montuosum (S. Moore) Milne-Redh.
Symptoms : H(003), H(008), H(013), H(113)
Recipes : H(003), crushed leaves, juice, massage
H(008), end of the stems + H2O, mixed, juice, RNS.
H(113), crushed leaves, juice, massage
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igifuraninda, igiofuranindi, icyunamyi(nom rituel), ikinyaminyame (Kinyarwanda)
Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Crassocephalum mannii (Hook.f.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (Klatt) S. Moore , Solanecio mannii (Hook. f.) C. Jeffrey
Symptoms : H(055)
Recipes : H(055), roots, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutagara (Kinyarwanda)
Crassocephalum vitellinum (Benth.) S. Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum vitellinum (Benth.) S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Gynura vitellina Benth.
Symptoms : H(026), H(030), H(033), H(051)
Recipes : H(026), H(030), H(033), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusununu (Kinyarwanda)
Cyathula uncinulata (Schrad.) Schinz
Official name : Cyathula uncinulata (Schrad.) Schinz
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(130)
Recipes : H(130), pounded leaves, dough, friction of the paralized legs
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igifashi (Kinyarwanda)
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Official name : Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068), bud's gall, poundes + H2O, 2 gulp, morning and evening
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umucaca (Kinyarwanda)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(092)
Recipes : H(037) cough, ONS. Datura stramonium, Ocimum americanum , RNS.
H(092), Oxalis corniculata is the antidote of the ordeal poison, Datura stramonium
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : rwizilinga, umutibwa (Kinyarwanda)
Dicoma anomala Sond.
Official name : Dicoma anomala Sond.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(037), H(068)
Recipes : H(004), pounded roots, juice + honey, local application
H(037), pounder leaves, juice, in H2O, VO., cough
H(068), bulb without bark, dryed, powdre, 1 spoon in banana beer (or fresh milk), VO., 2 gulps
H(068), ankylostoms and trichocephalus, heated leaves in H2O + salt, + rancid butter, VO. until recovery
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umwanzuranya (Kinyarwanda)
Digitaria abyssinica (A. Rich.) Stapf
Official name : Digitaria abyssinica (A. Rich.) Stapf
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(007)
Recipes : H(007) diur., roots, infusion, VO., 1 cup in the evening
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : urwili (Kinyarwanda), bermuda grass, star grass, couch grass (English), chiendent (Français)
Dissotis brazzae Cogn.
Official name : Dissotis brazzae Cogn.
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(109)
Recipes : H(004), pounded leaves + H2O, juice in sun in order to obtain a syrup, on wound, reniew every day, wash the wound every 2 days
H(109), stems + leaves, 1 hand mixed in 2 glass H2O, filtered, maceration, 1 part of juice + 1 part of banana beer, VO. slowly, 3X / day (= 1 bottle/day)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ubwunyubwintama (Kinyarwanda)
Dissotis senegambiensis (Guill. & Perr. )Triana
Official name : Dissotis senegambiensis (Guill. & Perr. )Triana
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(109)
Recipes : H(004), pounded leaves + H2O, juice in sun in order to obtain a syrup, on wound, reniew every day, wash the wound every 2 days
H(109), stems + leaves, 1 hand mixed in 2 glass H2O, filtered, maceration, 1 part of juice + 1 part of banana beer, VO. slowly, 3X / day (= 1 bottle/day)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ubwunyubwintama (Kinyarwanda)
Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name : Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family : Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms : H(003)
Recipes : H(003), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ubwungo (Kinyarwanda)
Dryopteris sp.
Official name : Dryopteris sp.
Family : Dryopteridaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) tenia, roots, pounded, juice + H2O (or beer), VO., 1 cup
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : iraba (Kinyarwanda)
Elephantopus plurisetus (O. Hoffm.) Clonts
Official name : Elephantopus plurisetus (O. Hoffm.) Clonts
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Elephantopus scaber L.
Symptoms : H(007)
Recipes : H(007) diur., ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhuna (Kinyarwanda)
Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Entada abyssinica Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(030), H(037)
Recipes : H(030), leaves Entada abyssinica + roots Acanthus pubescens, decoction (H2O), RNS.
H(037), leaves, chewed, juice, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusange, umusangasange (Kinyarwanda)
Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don
Official name : Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Eriosema cajanoides (Guill. et Perr.) Hook. f.
Symptoms : H(006), H(030), H(037)
Recipes : H(006), H(030), decoction from leaves, small quantities
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umupfunyantoke (Kinyarwanda)
Euphorbia candelabrum Trémaux ex Kotschy
Official name : Euphorbia candelabrum Trémaux ex Kotschy
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(045)
Recipes : H(004) + H(045)cauterizing, latex from a warmed stem, on wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuduha (Kinyarwanda)
Fagara chalybea (Engl.) Engl.
Official name : Fagara chalybea (Engl.) Engl.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(055), H(068)
Recipes : H(005), H(055), H(068), root's barks, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : intareyirungu, intaremarungu (Kinyarwanda)
Ficus ovata Valh
Official name : Ficus ovata Valh
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus ovata Valh var. octomelifolia (Warb.) Mildbr. & Burret
Symptoms : H(004), H(013), H(014)
Recipes : H(004), facial eruption (igikoo'ngoro), pounded leaves, juice on face
H(013) , dry eruption, leaves, dried, pounded + butter, ointment
H(014), navel, ashes from leaves + butter, ointment
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umurehe (Kinyarwanda)
Girardinia condensata (Hochst. ex Steud.) Wedd.
Official name : Girardinia condensata (Hochst. ex Steud.) Wedd.
Family : Urticaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusurusuru, ikiboroza (Kinyarwanda)
Gladiolus psittacinus Hook.f.
Official name : Gladiolus psittacinus Hook.f.
Family : Iridaceae
Symptoms : H(019), H(037), H(118)
Recipes : H(019), ONS., RNS.
H(037) cough, eat the crushed bulb
H(118), pian origin, dry bulb, powder, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : karungu (Kinyarwanda)
Glycine javanica L.
Official name : Glycine javanica L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(037)
Recipes : H(004),H(037) cough, pounded leaves + H2O, juice, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umurendarenda (Kinyarwanda)
Gomphocarpus physocarpus E. Mey.
Official name : Gomphocarpus physocarpus E. Mey.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(102), H(126)
Recipes : H(126) + H(102), leaves + stems + H2O, juice, filter + banana beer, to boil, VO., 1 glass on a empty stomach. Later drink some milk. This cure is dangerous !Later eat some meat + 1 glass of the potion + dough of sorghoAgain this H(093)= milk
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : gasaho (Kinyarwanda)
Guizotia scabra (Vis.) Chiov.
Official name : Guizotia scabra (Vis.) Chiov.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(051), H(068)
Recipes : H(004), leaves Guizotia scabra pounded, paste + ashes of Pennisetum purpureum, mixed, to heat, syrup on wounds
H(051), roots, decoction (H2O), RNS.
H(068), end of stems, pounded + H2O, juice, VO., 2 gulps
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikizimyamuliro (Kinyarwanda)
Gutenbergia cordifolia Benth. ex Oliv.
Official name : Gutenbergia cordifolia Benth. ex Oliv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(006) + H(104)
Recipes : H(008) + H(104), pounded leaves + a few H2O, juice
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : idoma (Kinyarwanda)
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris, to clean barks, decoction (H2O), VO.After 1 h to drink 1 warm botlle banana beer + meal
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi)
Vernacular name : umushayishayi (Kinyarwanda)
Hibiscus fuscus Garcke
Official name : Hibiscus fuscus Garcke
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, Gabon viper and buffer viper, leaves Chenopodium opulifolium, Hibiscus fuscus, pounded, paste on bite (Zaïre, Bushi)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi)
Vernacular name : umutozo (Kinyarwanda)
Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Official name : Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(055)
Recipes : H(051), H(055), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusasa (Kinyarwanda)
Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Official name : Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex A. Rich.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(027y)
Recipes : H(014), dry leaves, powder on ill parts
H(027y), leaves, infusion, cure post partum
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusororo (Kinyarwanda)
Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet
Official name : Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) itch, pounde leaves, paste on...
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhoro (Kinyarwanda), ipomée du Caire (Français)
Kalanchoe glaucescens Britt.
Official name : Kalanchoe glaucescens Britt.
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe beniensis De Wild.
Symptoms : H(003), H(004)
Recipes : H(003), ONS., RNS.
H(004), pounded leaves + H2O, ointment on navel baby
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikinetenete, igitenetene, ireke (Kinyarwanda)
Lagenaria rufa (Gilg) Jeffrey
Official name : Lagenaria rufa (Gilg) Jeffrey
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutanga (Kinyarwanda)
Lantana trifolia L.
Official name : Lantana trifolia L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(104), H(161)
Recipes : H(037) cough, leaves, infusion, VO. or leaves + roots, chewed VO. the juice
H(104) childs, pounded leaves, infusion, VO.
H(161), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhengeli (Kinyarwanda)
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) belly, pounded leaves, warm infusions, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umucumucumu (Kinyarwanda)
Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Official name : Maesa lanceolata Forssk.
Family : Myrsinaceae
Symptoms : H(003)
Recipes : H(003), pounded leaves, plaster
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhanga (Kinyarwanda)
Markhamia lutea (Benth.) K. Schum.
Official name : Markhamia lutea (Benth.) K. Schum.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Synonyms : Markhamia hildebrandtii (Bak.) Sprague , Markhamia platycalyx (Baker) Sprague
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, barks, chewed, juice, VO., morning and evening
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusave (Kinyarwanda)
Melanthera scandens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
Official name : Melanthera scandens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013), leaves Monechma subsessile, Melanthera scandens, infusion, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : icyumwa, icyumwa (Kinyarwanda)
Microglossa pyrifolia (Lam.) O. Ktze.
Official name : Microglossa pyrifolia (Lam.) O. Ktze.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Microglossa volubilis (Wallich) DC. , Conyza pyrifolia Lam.
Symptoms : H(076), H(112)
Recipes : H(076), (Bushi - Zaïre), pounded leaves, paste, locale application
H(112), roots barks Carissa edulis + roots Microglossa pyrifolia, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre)
Vernacular name : umuhe (Kinyarwanda), cirhintwik-wirijike (Bushi - Zaïre)
Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name : Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), crushed leaves passed through the fire, tepid juice, drops in eyes
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umwishywa, cyamirabushya (nom rituel) (Kinyarwanda)
Monechma subsessile (Oliv.) C.B. Clarke
Official name : Monechma subsessile (Oliv.) C.B. Clarke
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), cough, leaves, infusion, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : eraazi
Monechma subsessile (Oliv.) C.B. Clarke
Official name : Monechma subsessile (Oliv.) C.B. Clarke
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(037)
Recipes : H(001), pounded leaves, juice, drops in eyes
H(013) , leaves Monechma subsessile, Melanthera scandens, infusion, VO.
H(037) cough, leaves, infusion, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : umubazi (Kinyarwanda), eraazi (Ankole)
Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Myricaceae
Symptoms : H(027x), H(108)
Recipes : H(027x), ONS., RNS.
H(108), dry barks, powder to snuff
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusengese, umusengesi, umushengeshe, umushengeshi (Kinyarwanda)
Nicotiana tabacum L.
Official name : Nicotiana tabacum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(051), H(108)
Recipes : H(018) + H(051) + H(108), H(051),dry leaves + H2O, pounded, juice, drops in nose
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : itabi (Kinyarwanda)
Ocimum americanum L.
Official name : Ocimum americanum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, ONS. Datura stramonium, Ocimum americanum , RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : isonga (Kinyarwanda)
Ocimum suave Willd.
Official name : Ocimum suave Willd.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(037), H(068)
Recipes : H(037) cough, chewed leaves, VO., juice, Rwanda
H(037), pleurisy, leaves, infusion, VO. (Ankole)
Region : East and central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : umwenya (Kinyarwanda), umwenyamushaija (Ankole)
Olea africana Miller
Official name : Olea africana Miller
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(031), H(037)
Recipes : H(031), crumpled leaves, local application
H(037), crumpled leaves, local application
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umunzenze (Kinyarwanda)
Oxalis corniculata L.
Official name : Oxalis corniculata L.
Family : Oxalidaceae
Synonyms : Oxalis radicosa A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(093), H(100)
Recipes : H(093), Oxalis corniculata is the antidote of the ordeal poison, Datura stramonium
H(100) blen., pounded leaves + H2O, juice , VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ubwunyubwanyamanza (Kinyarwanda)
Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Official name : Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) snake, ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umurerampanga (Kinyarwanda)
Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
Official name : Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(046)
Recipes : H(004), leaves Guizotia scabra pounded, paste + ashes of Pennisetum purpureum, mixed, to heat, syrup on wounds
H(046) chicken-pox, leaves + stems, decoction (H2O), VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : urubingo (Kinyarwanda), elephant grass (English), fausse canne à sucre (Français)
Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Official name : Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Family : Phytolaccaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(013), H(014), H(111), H(112)
Recipes : H(003), stems + leaves, juiice+ salt on ... ( Ijwi island, Kivu, Za¨re)
H(013) , furuncle, pounded leaves, paste on...
H(014) itch, pounded seeds + butter, ointment, (Uganda , Ankole), H(111), pounded leaves, paste on...
H(112), for the young mother-girl after 2-3 months pregnacy, crushed leaves, juice + tepid H2O, VO., 1 cup in the morning at 9, effects in the day
H(112), leaves, crushed, juice, vaginal enema, (Bushi, Za¨re)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi), (Idjwi isle, Kivu lake), Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : umuhoko (Kinyarwanda), cimpokolo (Bushi, Zaïre), muhokolo (Ijwi island, Kivu lake, Zaïre), omuhoko (Ankole, Uganda)
Polygala ruwenzoriensis Chodat
Official name : Polygala ruwenzoriensis Chodat
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022), whole plant, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuyobora (Kinyarwanda)
Polygonum setosulum Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Polygonum setosulum Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(111)
Recipes : H(111), whole plant, crushed, pressed on burns
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umulyanyoni (Kinyarwanda)
Protea madiensis Oliv.
Official name : Protea madiensis Oliv.
Family : Proteaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(037), H(068)
Recipes : H(006), roots, RNS.
H(037), bronchitis, dried leaves, ashes, RNS.
H(068), roots, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igihungeli (Kinyarwanda)
Pycnostachys eminii Guerke
Official name : Pycnostachys eminii Guerke
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, chewed leaves, VO. juice
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutsinduka (Kinyarwanda)
Rhus vulgaris Meikle
Official name : Rhus vulgaris Meikle
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Rhus incana Brenan
Symptoms : H(094), H(145)
Recipes : H(094), H(145), pounded leaves + H2O, juice, hip-bath, 2 to 3 x / day
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umusagara (Kinyarwanda)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) itch, seeds, oil, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikibonobono (Kinyarwanda)
Rubia cordifolia L.
Official name : Rubia cordifolia L.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(013), H(014), H(027), H(100), H(124)
Recipes : H(008) baby, leaves decoction, 1 spoon / day
H(013) , leaves + H2O, pounded, cataplasm
H(014) itch, leaves, pounded, paste + cow urine , friction
H(027) + H(124), pounded leaves, hip-bath (Uganda, Ankole)
H(100) blen., roots Rubia cordifolia , Zehneria scabra, pounded, juice tepid, enema
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : ikararambwe (Kinyarwanda), oburamata (Uganda, Ankole)
Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Official name : Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igifumbafumba (Kinyarwanda)
Rumex bequaertii De Wild.
Official name : Rumex bequaertii De Wild.
Family : Polygonaceae
Symptoms : H(086), H(118)
Recipes : H(086), ONS., RNS.
H(118), roots, to wash, pounded, juice VO., 1-2 gulps morning and evening
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : nyiramuko (Kinyarwanda)
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Official name : Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.
Family : Polygalaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), leaves, barks, roots produce a leatal poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : (Kinyarwanda)
Senecio cydoniifolius O. Hoffm.
Official name : Senecio cydoniifolius O. Hoffm.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) pneumonia, leaves, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : iralire (Kinyarwanda)
Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Symptoms : H(100), H(113)
Recipes : H(100) blen., roots in pieces, infusion, VO., somle gulpsmorning and evenings
H(113), 3 berries fruits, cook under livie coal, warm juice, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umutobo, umutobotobo (Kinyarwanda)
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : H(013), H(018), H(104), H(137)
Recipes : H(013) pruritusus, H(137) + H(018), H(137) + H(104) fruits, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umucucu (Kinyarwanda)
Sonchus oleraceus L.
Official name : Sonchus oleraceus L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(003)
Recipes : H(003), ONS., RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikigembegembe (Kinyarwanda)
Synadenium grantii Hook. f.
Official name : Synadenium grantii Hook. f.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(068), H(131), H(161)
Recipes : H(037) cough, young stems, powder + salt, VO. , during some days
H(068) childs, latex + fresh milk
H(131), grilled leaves, juice + coalpowder , paste
H(161), broken stem, warm latex on ...
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukoni (Kinyarwanda)
Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd
Official name : Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd
Family : Lamiaceae
Synonyms : Iboza riparia (Hochst.) N.E. Br.
Symptoms : H(013), H(118)
Recipes : H(013), dry eruption, pounded leaves, paste, friction
H(118), pounded leaves , juice in sorgho porridge, VO.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuravumba (Kinyarwanda)
Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Official name : Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(033), H(076), H(100)
Recipes : H(004), pounded leaves, juice on a stone on wich a ring of red copper is rubbed during 5', juice on wounds
H(004) + H(100) syph., Clerodendrum myricoides, Ageratum conyzoides, Thunbergia alata , ONS., RNS.
H(033),woman, ONS., RNS.
H(076), childs, vesicle in the mouth, pounded leaves, warm juice on tong and gums
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : nkulimwonga, urusayura (Kinyarwanda)
Tragia brevipes Pax
Official name : Tragia brevipes Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(145)
Recipes : H(068), leaves in a green banana leaf, to warm, press for the juice + fresh milk, VO., 2 spoons / child
H(145), whole plant, pounded + H2O, juice + H2O, enema
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : isusa (Kinyarwanda)
Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Official name : Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(022)
Recipes : H(003),H(022), leaves, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushyigura (Kinyarwanda)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(001), H(013), H(051), H(068)
Recipes : H(001), leaves, juice, drops in eyes (Ankole)
H(013) abscess, pounded leaves, dough on abscess
H(051), leaves, infusion, VO. (Ankole)
H(068), roots barks, pounded + milk, juice, VO., 2 gulps on empty stomach
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Uganda (Ankole)
Vernacular name : umubilizi, umuyobora (Kinyarwanda), omubilizi (Ankole)
Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Official name : Vernonia lasiopus O. Hoffm.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia alboviolaceae De Wild.
Symptoms : H(046), H(068), H(103)
Recipes : H(046), pounded roots + H2O, tepid, enema
H(068), pounded roots + H2O, tepid, enema
H(103), stems + rock salt, crused, rubbed on teeth
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda, Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Bushi)
Vernacular name : umuvumavumo, ivumo, ivumamo, ivumwe, rumuvura (Kinyarwanda), ivumu (Bushi)
Virectaria major (Schum.) Verdc.
Official name : Virectaria major (Schum.) Verdc.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), leavesVirectaria major, whole plant Commelina sp., decoction, steam bath
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umukilyi (Kinyarwanda)
Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Official name : Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Melothria punctata (Thunb.) Cogn.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) blen., roots Rubia cordifolia , Zehneria scabra, pounded, juice tepid, enema
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushishiro (Kinyarwanda)