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Reference : HE 12

Author(s) : El-Kamali, H. H.
Title : Ethnopharmacology of Medicinal Plants used in North Kordofan (Western Sudan) Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 89-97. 2009. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/sudan.htm
Reference HE 12 has information about 49 plants :
Abutilon pannosum (G.Forst.) Schltdl.
Official name : Abutilon pannosum (G.Forst.) Schltdl.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126, 9%) jaundice, root of Abutilon pannosum, decoction, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : irg el nar.
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del. var. nilotica
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del. var. nilotica
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151, 5,5 %) hypertension, crushed pods of Acacia nilotica, cushin (at sleeping)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : garad (Sunt)
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Symptoms : H(018), H(037), H(151), H(179)
Recipes : H(018, 17,9%) headache,H(037, 17,9%) cough, H(151, 17,9%) hypertension, H(179, 17,9%) kidney disorder, infusion of fruits of Nauclea latifolia of Acacia nilotica and date palm fruit
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(008), H(051)
Recipes : H(008, 40 %) diarrhea, H(051, 71,5%) fever, Infusion of fruit pulp, fresh leaves of Adansonia digitata (mixed with sesame seeds)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : tabaldi (Gongoleis)
Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult.
Official name : Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Aerva persica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104, 3,6 %) abdominal pain, decoction of herb of Aerva javanica
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : shabbi
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068, 9%) anthelmintic, powder of stem barks of Albizzia anthelmintica (with yoghurt)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : umm takirni (Gerf addud)
Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Official name : Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020, 12,5%), scorpion sting, chewed fresh root of Aristolochia bracteolata, rubed (on legs)
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : irg el agrrab
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(051), H(109)
Recipes : H(051, 19,6 %) antipyretic, leaves of Azadirachta indica as cushion (at sleeping)
H(109, 10 %), steam bath of leaves
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : neem
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : H(104), H(166), H(171)
Recipes : H(166, 70%) antispasmodic, H(104, 70%) stomach pain, H(171, 30%) diabetes, pulp of fruits of Balanites aegytiaca, infusion, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : hhgleeg (Lalob)
Blepharis linariifolia Pers.
Official name : Blepharis linariifolia Pers.
Family : Acanthaceae
Synonyms : Blepharis hirta Hochst. ex Nees
Symptoms : H(038), H(104)
Recipes : H(104, 1,8 %) stomach pain, H(038, 1,8 %) urinary disorders (kiddney stone), decoction of fruit of Blepharis linariifolia, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : begheil.
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104, 5,4 %) stomach pain, fruit of Borassus aethiopium, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : doleib
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(020), H(094)
Recipes : H(020, 1,2 %), scorpion sting, roots decoction of Calotropis procera, VO.
H(094, 3, 7%) haemorrhoids, latex of Calotropis procera, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : ushar
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(179), H(201)
Recipes : H(179s, 17,9 %) kidney disorders, infusion of roots of Carrisa edulis, VO.
H(201, 12,3 %) in cases of charm and madness, fumigatiohn of roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : allali.
Cassia absus L.
Official name : Cassia absus L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Chamaecrista absus (L.) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001, 5,4 %) eye troubles, fruit of Cassia absus applied on eye
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : habat el-Ain
Cassia angustifola Vahl.
Official name : Cassia angustifola Vahl.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia acutifolia Del. , Cassia senna L.
Symptoms : H(104), H(126)
Recipes : H(104, 8,9 %) stomach pain, infusion of fruits of Cassia senna
H(104, 2,7 %) stomach pain, eaten fresh leaves (with onion)
H(126, 3,4%) jaundice, infusion of roots of Cassia senna
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : sana sana
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(109)
Recipes : H(109, 53,6 %) backache, as an antihypertensive, decoction of roasted seeds of Cassia occidentalis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : soreib
Cassia tora L.
Official name : Cassia tora L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia obtusifolia L. , Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126, 55,3%) jaundice, powder of seeds of Cassia tora (mixed with yoghurt or with porridge water made from millet flour), VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : kawal.
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103, 7,2%) toothache, fresh locally applied stem barks of Ceiba pentandra
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : gotton harrery
Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng.
Official name : Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004, 1,8%) wounds, fresh roots of Chrozophora plicata, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : argassi
Cinchona officinalis L.
Official name : Cinchona officinalis L.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(126)
Recipes : H(008, 19,6%) dysentery, H(126, 19,6%) jaundice, infusion of stem barks of Cinchona officinalis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : kina
Cissampelos pareira L.T
Official name : Cissampelos pareira L.T
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(178)
Recipes : H(051, 4,4%) paludism, decoction or infusion of roots of Cissampelos pareira, VO.
H(178, 5,4%) heart burn, H(201, 5,4%) abdominal disturbances, in cases of charm, chewed roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : irg el kail
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Official name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : H(094)
Recipes : H(094, 1,8%) haemorrhoids, powder of roots of Cissus quadrangularis, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : salaala
Clerodendrum capitulum (Willed.) Schum. and Thonn. var.capitulum
Official name : Clerodendrum capitulum (Willed.) Schum. and Thonn. var.capitulum
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091, 1,8%) tonic, powder of roots of Clerodendrum capitulum, eaten with meat
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : gung
Cocculus pendulus (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Diels
Official name : Cocculus pendulus (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Diels
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051, 1,8%) antipyretic, decoction of the aeriçal part of Cocculus pendulus, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : zegai.
Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Official name : Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(051), H(113), H(166)
Recipes : H(018, , 6,4%) headache, H(166, 6,4%) antispasmodic, decoction of leaves of Combretum glutinosum, VO.
H(051, 21,4%) to relieve fever, H(113, 21,4%) rheumatism, fumigation of wood of Combretum glutinosum
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : habi
Cordia abyssinica R. Br.
Official name : Cordia abyssinica R. Br.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(111)
Recipes : H(004, 3,6%) cuts and wounds, fresh internal stem bark of Cordia abyssinca, rubbed locally
H(004, 1,2%) wound in cases of circumcision, powder of stem barks, local application
H(111, 7%) burns, ash of stem barks (mixed with yoghurt) applied locally
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : andrab (Gambil)
Croton zambesicus Müll.Arg.
Official name : Croton zambesicus Müll.Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037, 41%) cough, powder of fruit of Croton zambesicus in sesame oil applied on chest
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : umm gleila
Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach
Official name : Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(077)
Recipes : H(077, 3,6%) anti-emetic, decoction of stems of Cucumis dispaceus, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : agour el-kilab
Datura inoxia Mill.
Official name : Datura inoxia Mill.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103, 8,9%) toothache, fumigation of seeds of Datura innoxia, directed into the mouth
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : sekaran
Detarium senegalense J.F.Gmel.
Official name : Detarium senegalense J.F.Gmel.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113, 10,7%) rheumatism, fumigation of wood of Detarium senegalense
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : abuleila
Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004, 8,9%) wounds, fresh stem barks of Dichrostachys cinera, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : kadad
Dobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir.
Official name : Dobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir.
Family : Salvadoraceae
Symptoms : H(003)
Recipes : H(003, 3,6%), swellings, ash of wood of Dobera glabra, paste in local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : meikah
Ethulia conyzoides L.f.
Official name : Ethulia conyzoides L.f.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104, 1,8 %) stomach pain, fruits of Ethulia conyzoides, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : abwelaefain
Geigeria alata (Hochst. & Steud.) Oliv. & Hiern
Official name : Geigeria alata (Hochst. & Steud.) Oliv. & Hiern
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(104), H(151), H(166), H(171)
Recipes : H(037, 53,6%) cough, H(104, 53,6%) intestinal complaints, H(151, 53,6%).antihypertensive, H(166, 53,6%) antispasmodic, H(171, 53,6%) diabetes, decoction of the herb Geigeria alata, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : gud-gat
Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Official name : Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(082), H(091), H(126)
Recipes : H(051, 94,5%) paludisml fever, H(104, 94,5%) stomach pain , H(126, 94,5%) jaundice, H(166, 94,5) antispasmodic, leaves of Guiera senegalensis in decoction, VO.
H(091, 2,46%) tonic, roots decoction, VO.
H(082, 5,2%) asthma, infusion of stem bark of Khaya senegalensis of leaves of Guiera senegalensis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : ghubeish
Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Official name : Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(020)
Recipes : H(018, 3,6%) headache, in cases of hematuria, infusion of calyx
H(020, 7,1%) snake bite and scorpion sting, decoction of calyx of Hibiscus sabdariffa, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : karkadeh.
Jatropha glauca Vahl
Official name : Jatropha glauca Vahl
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006, 1,8%) laxative, seeds of Jatropha glauca, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : shagarat es-sim
Justicia flava (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Justicia flava (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(077), H(103)
Recipes : H(077, 19,6%) nausea, seeds powder of Justicia flava smeared on gingiva
H(103, 19,6%) teeth pain, seeds powder of Justicia flava smeared on gingiva
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : mahlab
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : H(051), H(082), H(104)
Recipes : H(051, 10,7%) paludisml fever, H(104, 10,7%) intestinal complaints, infusion of stem bark of Khaya senegalensis, VO.
H(082, 5,2%) asthma, infusion of stem bark of Khaya senegalensis of leaves of Guiera senegalensis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : mahogany
Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Forssk.) Decne.
Official name : Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Forssk.) Decne.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Leptadenia spartium Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113, 5,36%) rheumatism, fumigation of stems of Leptadena pyrotechinca
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : marakh
Manihot esculenta Crantz
Official name : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Manihot utilissima Pohl
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053, 19,6%) ear pain, infusion of tuberous root of Manihot esculenta, drops in ear
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : bavra
Momordica balsamina L.
Official name : Momordica balsamina L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(166)
Recipes : H(166, 5,4%) antispasmodic, infusion of leaves of Momordica balsamina, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : ira-ira
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(018), H(037), H(151), H(179)
Recipes : H(018, 17,9%) headache,H(037, 17,9%) cough, H(151, 17,9%) hypertension, H(179, 17,9%) kidney disorder, infusion of fruits of Nauclea latifolia of Acacia nilotica and date palm fruit
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : karmadoda
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113, 12,5%) joints pain, fresh leaves of Ricinus communis rubbed on joints
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : khirui
Solanum albicaule Kotschy ex Dunal
Official name : Solanum albicaule Kotschy ex Dunal
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(198)
Recipes : H(014, 3,6%) dandruff, H(198, 3,6%) hair tonic , fruits of Solanum albicaule boiled in sesame oil, wash
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : dayoug
Striga senegalensis Benth.
Official name : Striga senegalensis Benth.
Family : Orobanchaceae
Synonyms : Striga hermontheca (Del.) Benth.
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171, 7,1%) diabetes, decoction of the whole plant of Striga hermonthica, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : buda
Tinospora bakis (A. Rich.) Miers
Official name : Tinospora bakis (A. Rich.) Miers
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104, 3,6%) abdominal pain, decoction of roots of Tinospora bakis, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : irg el hagar
Xeromphis nilotica (Stapf) Keay
Official name : Xeromphis nilotica (Stapf) Keay
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(014), H(126)
Recipes : H(003, 3,6%) swellings,H(014, 3,6%) dandruff, H(155, 3,6%) tonsillitis, poultice of the aerial part of Xeromphis nilotica
H(014, 1,7%), dandruff head wash with roots juice
H(126, 2,3%) jaundice, decoction of the aerial part, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : shagarat el murfaein
Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Official name : Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Synonyms : Ziziphus africana P. Mill. , Ziziphus sphaerocarpa Tul.
Symptoms : H(166)
Recipes : H(166, 9%) antispasmodic, decoction of stem bark of Ziziphus spina -christi, VO.
H(166, 3,6%) antispasmodic to relieve fever, decoction of roots
Region : East Africa
Country : Sudan (North Kordofan)
Vernacular name : sidr