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Reference : HH 14

Author(s) : Hutchings, A., J. van Staden
Title : Plant used for stress-related ailments in traditional Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho medicine. Par 1: Plants used for headaches. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 43, pp. 89 - 124 (1994)
Reference HH 14 has information about 30 plants :
Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Official name : Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Acokanthera venenata auct.
Symptoms : H(000), H(018), H(020)
Recipes : H(018) headache, dried leaves of Acokanthera oppositifolia, to snuff (Xhosa)
H(020), H(000), roots of Acokanthera oppositifolia, powdered and mixed with gall bladder of wild pig, one pinch, VO. (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : nthunguyembe, ubuhlungu (Xhosa), ubuhlungubenyoka, uhlunguyembe (Zulu)
Acrotome inflata Benth.
Official name : Acrotome inflata Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, grounded ONS of Acrotome inflata + others ingredients, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : isigagisa (Xhosa)
Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Official name : Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. F. Wight
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, seeds, powdere and snuffed (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : umgadankawu (Zulu)
Andrachne ovalis Müll. Arg.
Official name : Andrachne ovalis Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, roots of Andrachne ovalis, burned and sniffed (Xhosa, Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : mbezo (Xhosa), umbeza, umembezi, umbosa (Zulu)
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(108)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves of Artemisia afra inserted in nostrils (Zulu)
H(108) cold, influenza, leaves of Artemisia afra inserted in nostrils or steam bath (Xhosa, Sotho)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : lengana (Sotho), umhlonyana (Xhosa, Zulu)
Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Official name : Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herbert
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(210)
Recipes : H(018) headache, decoction of bulb of Boophone disticha, VO. or enema (Xhosa)
H(210), bulb , RNS. (Xhosa)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : incwadi (Xhosa)
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, roots of Capparis tomentosa, burned, powder rubbed onto scarifications (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : iqwaningi, umabusane (Zulu)
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Official name : Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) catarrh, leaves of Cardiospermum halicacabum, rubbed and inhaled (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : ikhambi, leziduli, uzipho (Zulu)
Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Official name : Clematis brachiata Thunb.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, stem of Clematis brachiata, bruised and snuffed to clear nostrils
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : ityolo (Xhosa)
Datura metel L.
Official name : Datura metel L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Datura alba Nees , Datura fastuosa L.
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, H(082) asthma, leaves of Datura metel, smoked (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : loyi, iyoli, iyoye, iyoyi (Zulu)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, H(082) asthma, leaves of Datura stramonium, smoked (Zulu, Xhosa)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : ibhudabhuda, ingsqanganuanga, ijoyi, umvumbangwe (Xhosa), iloyi, iyoli, iyoyi (Zulu)
Erythrophleum lasianthum Corb.
Official name : Erythrophleum lasianthum Corb.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, stem bark of Erythrophleum lasianthum, powdered, snuffed (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : umkhangu (Zulu)
Eucomis undulata Ait.
Official name : Eucomis undulata Ait.
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004), bulb of Eucomis undulata, dried and snuffed for pain from old skull wounds (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : umathunga (Zulu)
Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel
Official name : Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel
Family : Iridaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(109)
Recipes : H(018) headache, H(109) lumbago, ONS of Gladiolus dalenii, RNS. (Shoto)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : kxahla-e-kholo (Shoto)
Gnidia capitata L.f.
Official name : Gnidia capitata L.f.
Family : Thymelaeaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(103)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves of Gnidia capitata, snuffed
H(103) toothache, leaves of Gnidia capitata, poultice (Shoto)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : setele, thopa, thopana (Shoto)
Helichrysum nudifolium (L.) Less.
Official name : Helichrysum nudifolium (L.) Less.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, whole plant or leaves of Helichrysum nudifolium, burned and smoke inhaled (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : impepho (Zulu)
Helichrysum odoratissimum (L.) Sweet
Official name : Helichrysum odoratissimum (L.) Sweet
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, whole plant or leaves of Helichrysum odoratissimum, burned and smoke inhaled (Zulu, Xhosa)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : imphepho (Xhosa, Zulu)
Heteromorpha arborescens (Speng) Cham. & Schltdl.
Official name : Heteromorpha arborescens (Speng) Cham. & Schltdl.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(082), H(137)
Recipes : H(018) headache, roots infusion of Heteromorpha arborescens, VO. (Zimbabwe)
H(018) headache, H(137) general pain, seeds and roots, RNS. (Venda)
H(082) respiratory disease, seeds and roots, RNS. (Botswana)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : mookhoane, phela (Shoto)
Leonotis dysophylla Benth.
Official name : Leonotis dysophylla Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, ONS of Leonotis dysophylla, RNS. (Xhosa)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : munca, muncgwane (Xhosa)
Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves of Leonotis leonorus, infusion in cold H2O, inhaled (Zulu)
H(018) headache, leaves of Leonotis leonorus, crushes and inserted in nose (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : imunyane (Zulu)
Lycopodium clavatum L.
Official name : Lycopodium clavatum L.
Family : Lycopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(099)
Recipes : H(018) headache, whole plant of Lycopodium clavatum of Selaginella caffrorum, dried and smoked (Shoto)
H(018) headache, whole plant (powder) to snuff
H(099) sedative in urinary and gastric disorders
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : boriba-bo-bohola, moriri-oa-lilomo, moriri-mafica (Sotho)
Mikania capensis DC.
Official name : Mikania capensis DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(108), H(146)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves, to smell and poultice (Zulu)
H(108) cold, leaves, RNS. (Zulu),
H(146) painful rectum in childeren, leaves, RNS. (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : ililhoza, ihlozi elimhlope, umdlozo (Zulu)
Olea africana Miller
Official name : Olea africana Miller
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, scraped roots of Olea africana + grated barks, RNS. (Shoto Xhosa, Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : motholaoari (Shoto), umquma (Zulu)
Plumbago auriculata Lam.
Official name : Plumbago auriculata Lam.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, roots powder of Plumbago auriculata, to snuff (Zulu)
H(018) headache, crushed leaves of Plumbago auriculata, to snuff (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : umatshintshine (Zulu, Xhosa), umabophe, umthiwa-amadoda (Xhosa)
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Official name : Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Amygdalus persica L.
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, roots of Prunus persica, burned, smoke inhaled (Shoto)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ranunculus multifidus Forssk.
Official name : Ranunculus multifidus Forssk.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(018) headache, whole plant or leaves of Ranunculus multifidus, to burn, smoke inhaled (Shoto)
H(018) headache, whole plant or leaves of Ranunculus multifidus, bruised, sniffed (Zulu)
H(004) leaves applied to traumatic bumps on head and on wound to stop pain (Xhosa)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : lapi (Shoto), uxhaphozi (Zulu)
Spirostachys africana Sond.
Official name : Spirostachys africana Sond.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, wood of Spirostachys africana slightly burned and inserted in nostrils (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : umthomboti (Zulu)
Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.
Official name : Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(082), H(103)
Recipes : H(018) headache, branches of Tarchonantus camphoratus, crushed, burned, smoke inhaled (Sotho)
H(082) asthma, H(103) tootache, ONS., RNS. (Cape region)
H(082) asthma, ONS., RNS. (Botswana)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : mofahlana (Shoto)
Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd
Official name : Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd
Family : Lamiaceae
Synonyms : Iboza riparia (Hochst.) N.E. Br.
Symptoms : H(018), H(037), H(186)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves of Tetradenia riparia, crushed, inhaled (Zulu)
H(037) cough, H(186) expectorant, leaves decoction, VO. (Zulu)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Xysmalobium undulatum (L.) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Xysmalobium undulatum (L.) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(104)
Recipes : H(018) headache, tuber of Xysmalobium undulatum, grounded and snuffed (Xhosa)
H(018) headache, H(104) abdominal pain, roots of Xysmalobium undulatum, RNS. (in Botswana)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho zone)
Vernacular name : ishongwe (Xhosa)