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Reference : HM 66

Author(s) : Masevhe, N. A. , L. J. McGaw, J. N. Eloff
Title : The traditional use of plants to manage candidiasis and related infections in Venda, South Africa Journal of Ethnopharmacology 168, 364–372 (2015)
Reference HM 66 has information about 48 plants :
Acacia caffra (Thunb) Wild.
Official name : Acacia caffra (Thunb) Wild.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); leaves of Acacia caffra dried, burnt and mixed with animal fats, Applied directly on mouth ulcers or vaginal ulcers
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : murovhambado (Tshivenda)
Acacia karroo Hayne
Official name : Acacia karroo Hayne
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots and stem bark of Acacia karoo are boiled together, mouthwash or applied to genitals, 2x per day for a week
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muunga (Tshivenda)
Amaranthus spinosus L.
Official name : Amaranthus spinosus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); add fresh leaves of Amaranthus spinosus in hot water, Oral, ½cup of the infusion is taken 3x a day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : tshithavhamisis (Tshivenda)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); bark of Strychnos potatorum used together with the roots of Annona senegalensis and then soaked in cold water for 2 days. Maceration is used as mouth wash or douche 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Burkea africana Hook.
Official name : Burkea africana Hook.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma), dried roots, seeds of Burkea africana are ground up and then boiled. Oral, taken 2x a day, overdose causes diarrhoe
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mufhulu (Tshivenda)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind roots of Carica papaya and Psidium guava, mixed into hot water. Oral, cup is taken 3x a day ordouching
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mupapawe (Tshivenda)
Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br.
Official name : Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br.
Family : Aizoaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind dry bark of Carpobrotus edulis into fine powder, boil for 20–30 min. Oral, as mouth wash, 3x per day for 1 week
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : lutele (Tshivenda)
Cassia petersiana Bolle
Official name : Cassia petersiana Bolle
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna petersiana (Bolle) Lock
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); dry seeds of Senna petersiana ground into fine powder and boiled in water. Oral,½cup taken 2x per day after meals
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : munembenembe (Tshivenda)
Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Codd
Official name : Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Codd
Family : Celastraceae
Synonyms : Elaeodendron transvaalense (Burtt Davy) R. H. Archer
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots of Elaeodendron transvaalense dried, powdered and boiled in water. ½cup of decoction is drunk 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mukuvhazwivhi (Tshivenda)
Cissampelos torulosa E. Mey. ex Harv.
Official name : Cissampelos torulosa E. Mey. ex Harv.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind dry bark of Cissampelos torulosa into fine powder, boil in water. Oral, gargle or douche
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : lukandululo (Tshivenda)
Clerodendrum glabrum E. Mey.
Official name : Clerodendrum glabrum E. Mey.
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots, barks, dried, pulverized and then boiled in water, ¼cup of decoction is taken orally 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : munkhatingwe (Tshivenda)
Croton gratissimus Burch.
Official name : Croton gratissimus Burch.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); fresh bark of Croton gratissimus is crushed, soaked in hot water or boiled in water for few minutes. Cupful infusion or decoction is drunk orally 2x per day after meals
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mafunyungul (Tshivenda)
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Official name : Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex DC.
Family : Ebenaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); crush raw fruit of Diospyros mespiliformis and add little water. Infusion is used as mouth wash or douche 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : musuma (Tshivenda)
Diospyros whyteana (Hiern) F.White
Official name : Diospyros whyteana (Hiern) F.White
Family : Ebenaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); dried leaves of Diospyros whyteana are put in hot water to make tea. Infusion is used as a douche
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : munya vhili (Tshivenda)
Dodonaea angustifolia L. f.
Official name : Dodonaea angustifolia L. f.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); fresh leaves of Dodonaea angustifolia are crushed and macerated in water. is used together with the bark of Dovyalis zeyheri. Maceration is taken orally,½a cup 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muthathavhana (Tshivenda)
Dovyalis zeyheri Warb.
Official name : Dovyalis zeyheri Warb.
Family : Salicaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); fresh leaves of Dodonaea angustifolia are crushed and macerated in water. is used together with the bark of Dovyalis zeyheri. Maceration is taken orally,½a cup 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Official name : Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind dry bark of Elephantorrhiza burkei intofine powder. Topical application, 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : tshisevhufa (Tshivenda)
Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman
Official name : Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman
Family : Musaceae
Synonyms : Musa ensete J.F. Gmel.
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); root of Withania somnifera used together with few leaves of Ensete ventricosum which are boiled together. A cup ful of decoction is taken orally 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Erythrina lysistemon Hutch.
Official name : Erythrina lysistemon Hutch.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind up roots and stem bark of Erythrina lysistemon and boil for 1h. Mouth wash or douche, 2x per day for a week
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muvhale (Tshivenda)
Faurea saligna Harv.
Official name : Faurea saligna Harv.
Family : Proteaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); dried barks of Faurea saligna, powdered and soaked in warm water for at least 30 min. The infusion is used as a douche for vaginal ulcers
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mutango (Tshivenda)
Ficus carica L.
Official name : Ficus carica L.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); latex is collected from fig's raw fruit of Ficus carica, crushed leaves and some water added. Mixture is used as mouth wash, douche, 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muhuyu (Tshivenda)
Hippocratea longipetiolata Oliv.
Official name : Hippocratea longipetiolata Oliv.
Family : Celastraceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots, barks of Hippocratea longipetiolata used in combination with few leaves of Olinia rochetiana, boiled in water. A cup ful decoction is drunk orally 3x per day.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mutshaliri (Tshivenda)
Knowltonia bracteata Harv. ex Zahlbr.
Official name : Knowltonia bracteata Harv. ex Zahlbr.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots of Knowltonia bracteata are pulverized and soaked in water for at least two days. 1 Cup ful of the maceration is taken 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : thauyakhomba (Tshivenda)
Olinia rochetiana A. Juss.
Official name : Olinia rochetiana A. Juss.
Family : Oliniaceae
Synonyms : Olinia volkensii Engl. , Olinia usambarensis Gilg
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots, barks of Hippocratea longipetiolata used in combination with few leaves of Olinia rochetiana, boiled in water. A cup ful decoction is drunk orally 3x per day.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Official name : Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Family : Santalaceae
Synonyms : Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steudel
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind bark of Osyris lanceolata into fine powder and then boil in water. Oral, 1 cup of decoction is taken 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mpeta (Tshivenda)
Ozoroa engleri R. Fern. & A. Fern.
Official name : Ozoroa engleri R. Fern. & A. Fern.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind dry roots of Ozoroa engleri and boil for 1h. Decoction is used as mouth wash or douche
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mudumbula (Tshivenda)
Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Official name : Pappea capensis Ecklon & Zeyher
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); fresh leaves of Pappea capensis are pounded in some water and filtered. Juice is used as douche on vaginal ulcer
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : murodolo (Tshivenda)
Peltophorum africanum Sond.
Official name : Peltophorum africanum Sond.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); dry bark of Peltophorum africanum is soaked in water for at least two days. Infusion is taken orally,½cup 3 times per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muses (Tshivenda)
Piper capense L. f.
Official name : Piper capense L. f.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); Grind dry bark of Piper capense into fine powder and boil. Oral, 1 cup taken 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mulilwe (Tshivenda)
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind roots of Carica papaya and Psidium guava, mixed into hot water. Oral, cup is taken 3x a day ordouching
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Pterocarpus rotundifolius (Sond.) Druce
Official name : Pterocarpus rotundifolius (Sond.) Druce
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind bark of Pterocarpus rotundifolius into fine powder and pour into boiling water. Oral, quarter of a cup taken 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muataha (Tshivenda)
Richardia brasiliensis Gomes
Official name : Richardia brasiliensis Gomes
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); whole plant of Richardia brasiliensis dried, burnt, pinch mixed with animal fats Applied directly on mouth ulcers or vaginal ulcer
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mulegere (Tshivenda)
Rinorea angustifolia (Thouars) Baill.
Official name : Rinorea angustifolia (Thouars) Baill.
Family : Violaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots of Rinorea angustifolia are boiled for at least1h. Oral,½a cup is taken 2x per day (inappropriate preparation may cause stomach-ache)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mafambaborile (Tshivenda)
Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) O. Kuntze
Official name : Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) O. Kuntze
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(038), H(199)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); whole plant of Schkuhria pinnata is dried, powdered and boiled in water. A cupful of decoction is drunk 3x per day. Also used to treat H(199) HIV/AIDS
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : luswielo (Tshivenda)
Schotia brachypetala Sond.
Official name : Schotia brachypetala Sond.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots and barks of Schotia brachypetala are ground together, boiled in water. A cup ful decoction is taken orally 3x per day after meals
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mununzu(Tshivenda)
Senna auriculata (L.) Roxb.
Official name : Senna auriculata (L.) Roxb.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); fresh leaves of Senna auriculata are crushed, water is added and mixed with powdered shell of snail. Oral,½cup taken 3x per day after meals
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muduwishango (Tshivenda)
Solanum nigrum L.
Official name : Solanum nigrum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum judaicum Bess
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); green berries of Solanum nigrum are pounded, water is added and is filtered. A cupful of the juice is taken orally 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muxe (Tshivenda)
Solanum panduriforme E. Mey. ex Dunal
Official name : Solanum panduriforme E. Mey. ex Dunal
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); dry fruits of Solanum panduriforme are burnt, ashes mixed with animal fat. Topical application on the female genitals 2x per day for a week
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : ndhulwani (Tshivenda)
Spilanthes acmella (L.) Murray
Official name : Spilanthes acmella (L.) Murray
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); whole plant of Spilanthes acmella powdered, soaked in warm water for 30 min to 1h. ½a cup of infusion is taken orally 3x per day, also used to treat STI
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : tshishengelapofu (Tshivenda)
Strychnos madagascariensis Poir.
Official name : Strychnos madagascariensis Poir.
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); ground stem, bark of Strychnos madagascariensis into fine powder and boiled in water. Oral,½cup is taken 3x per day for a week
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mukwakwa (Tshivenda)
Strychnos potatorum L. f.
Official name : Strychnos potatorum L. f.
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); bark of Strychnos potatorum used together with the roots of Annona senegalensis and then soaked in cold water for 2 days. Maceration is used as mouth wash or douche 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mukongovhoti (Tshivenda)
Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf
Official name : Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); dry roots of Tabernaemontana elegans are pulverized and boiled in water. Decoction is taken orally, a cup ful 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muhatu (Tshivenda)
Tagetes minuta L.
Official name : Tagetes minuta L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); grind dry leaves and boil in water. Oral, 1 cup is taken while still hot once per day once per da
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mushashthuri (Tshivenda)
Trimeria grandifolia (Hochst.) Warb.
Official name : Trimeria grandifolia (Hochst.) Warb.
Family : Flacourtiaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); chewing of fresh leaves of Trimeria grandifolia. Oral, 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : xidengan (Tshivenda)
Vangueria infausta Burch. subsp.infausta
Official name : Vangueria infausta Burch. subsp.infausta
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots, barks of Vangueria infausta chopped into small pieces and then boiled. Oral, cup ful decoction is taken 3x per day, also used to treat H(008) diarrhoea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : muzwilu (Tshivenda)
Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f.) Chiov.
Official name : Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f.) Chiov.
Family : Canellaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); Ground roots of Warburgia salutaris into powder,1 spoonful is added into the soft porridge. Oral, twice per day, Overdose causes stomach ache
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : mlanga (Tshivenda)
Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Official name : Withania somnifera (L.) Dun.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Physalis somnifera L.
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); roots of Withania somnifera used together with few leaves of Ensete ventricosum which are boiled together. A cup ful of decoction is taken orally 3x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : musalamarubini (Tshivenda)
Wrightia natalensis Stapf.
Official name : Wrightia natalensis Stapf.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) candidiasis and related infections (makuma); root and bark of Wrightia natalensis. Infusion is used as gargle 2x per day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Venda country)
Vernacular name : musunzi (Tshivenda)