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Reference : VA 37

Author(s) : Alawa, J. P., G.E. Jokthan, K. Akut
Title : Ethnoveterinary medical practice for ruminants in the subhumid zone of northern Nigeria Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 54 (2002) 79 - 90
Reference VA 37 has information about 34 plants :
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Official name : Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.F. Wight
Symptoms : V(098)
Recipes : V(098) footrot, grind dried bark and wash the affected part with warm solution, 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), grind dried leaves, add H2O and mix with any type of bran, VO. Suspension, 10 cl, 3 X / day or VO. mixture of ground leaves and bran ad libitum
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : V(039)
Recipes : V(039), burn plant, smoke bath in housing
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Official name : Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : V(002), V(075)
Recipes : Vb(002), grind the whole plant, soak in H2O, VO., 35 cl, 1 X / day
Vb(075) lack of appetite, grind the whole plant and mix in H2O, VO. 35 cl, 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : V(068)
Recipes : Vb(068), mix ground bark of Anogeissus leiocarpa of Kaya senegalensis + H2O, VO., 10 cl., 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Arachis hypogaea L.
Official name : Arachis hypogaea L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(002), V(014), V(050), V(093)
Recipes : Vb(002), crush and mix with bran, VO. ad libitum
Vb(014) ringworm, ashes of the plant, local application
Vb(050) mix crushed seeds with millet bran and maize offal, VO. 1 X / day
Vb(050) bloat, oil, VO. 10 cl. 1 X / day
Vb(093), oil, VO., 10 cl, 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Official name : Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Zygophyllaceae
Synonyms : Balanites gillettii Cufod.
Symptoms : V(030)
Recipes : Vb(030), soak fresh leaves of Balanites aegyptiaca and Tamarindus indica in H2O for about 1 day, VO., 15 cl + give fresh leaves to eat
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Official name : Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : V(003), V(014), V(016), V(098), V(113), V(181)
Recipes : Vb(003), oil, local application, massage, 2 X / day
Vb(014) ringworm, oil, local application, 1 X / day
V(016), oil, local application
V(039), mix powder of Nicotiana tabacum with Butyrospermum parkii oil, rub externally on all parts of the body, 1 X / day
V(098) footrot, palm oil, wash the affected part and rub on, 3 X / day
Vb(113) swollen joint or feet, oil, local application 2 X / day
V(181), oil, local application, 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Official name : Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Family : Araceae
Synonyms : Colocasia antiquorum Schott & Endl.
Symptoms : V(113)
Recipes : Vb(113) swollen joint or feet, mix pounded leaves with bran, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), mix groud fresh or dried bark with any type of bran, in the ration, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : V(003), V(008), V(093), V(098), V(181)
Recipes : Vb(003), palm oil, local application, massage, 2 X / day
Vb(008), mix palm oil with little salt, VO., 85 cl, 3 X / day
Vb(093), palm oil, VO., 10 cl, 2 X / day
V(098) footrot, palm oil, wash the affected part and rub on, 3 X / day
V(181), palm oil, local application, 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Euphorbia aegyptiaca Boiss.
Official name : Euphorbia aegyptiaca Boiss.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia forsskalii J. Gay
Symptoms : V(190)
Recipes : Vb(190), soak barks in H2O,VO., 10 cl., 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : V(002), V(075)
Recipes : Vb(002), grind dried whole plant and mix with any type of bran, VO. As ration, 3 X / day
Vb(075), grind the whole dried plant, mix with any type of bran, VO. 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Ficus sycomorus L.
Official name : Ficus sycomorus L.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus damarensis Engl. , Ficus cocculifolia Baker
Symptoms : V(002), V(030), V(037), V(068)
Recipes : Vb(002), mix ground bark with any type of bran, VO. as ration
Vb(037), soak fresh barks in H2O, VO., 10 cl., 3 X / day
Vb(068), soak fresh barks in H2O, VO. 10 cl., 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Ficus thonningii Blume
Official name : Ficus thonningii Blume
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus iteophylla Miq. , Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
Symptoms : V(014), V(030)
Recipes : Vb(014) ringworm, latex, local application, 1 X / day
Vb(030), fresh leaves, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Gossypium barbadense L.
Official name : Gossypium barbadense L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : Vb(002), mix seed cake with millet or guinea corn bran, VO. ad libitum
Vb(075) lack of appetite, grind the seeds with millet gran, VO.ad libitum
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Official name : Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(033)
Recipes : Vb(008), grind dried barks of Guiera senegalensis, with roots and barks of Parkia biglobosa of Mangifera indica of Vitex doniana and mix in H2O, VO.10 cl, 1 X / day
Vb(033), grind dry bark + H2O, VO., 20 cl., 2 X / day
Vb(033), squash apical part including buds and leaves + H2O, VO., 15 cl. 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Official name : Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : V(030)
Recipes : Vb(030), apical part, VO
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Official name : Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Swietenia senegalensis Desv.
Symptoms : V(008), V(014), V(033), V(041), V(068), V(075), V(093), V(098), V(104)
Recipes : Vb(008), grind fresh or dried bark and suspend alone or with potassium in H2O, VO. 85 cl. 3 X / day
Vb(014) ringworm, mix ground dry bark of Khaya senegalensis of Solanum incanum with brand and palm oil, local application
Vb(033), soak ground barks in H2O, VO., 10 cl, 1 X / day
Vb(041), anthrax, barks of Khaya senegalensis of Solanum incanum, fresh leaves of Vernonia amygdalina, grind and mix in H2O, VO. 35 cl, 3 X / day
Vb(068), boil mixture of ground bark and potasch in H2O and allow to cool or mix ground bark with bran, VO. 10 cl. 3 X / day or feed mixture of ground bark and bran as ration
Vb(068), mix ground bark of Anogeissus leiocarpus of Kaya senegalensis + H2O, VO., 10 cl., 3 X / day
Vb(075), fresh or dried bark, crushed, soaked in H2O, VO. 10 cl
Vb(093), soak ground barks in H2O, VO., 10 cl, 2 X / day
V(098) footrot, boil fresh bark with red potash in H2O and wash the affected part with warm solution, 3 X / day
Vb(104), grind fresh or dry bark and mix with bran, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Lawsonia inermis L.
Official name : Lawsonia inermis L.
Family : Lythraceae
Synonyms : Lawsonia alba Lam.
Symptoms : V(113)
Recipes : Vb(113) swollen joint or feet, crush leaves into paste, rub on
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), grind dried barks of Guiera senegalensis, with roots and barks of Parkia biglobosa of Mangifera indica of Vitex doniana and mix in H2O, VO.10 cl, 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Momordica balsamina L.
Official name : Momordica balsamina L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(033), V(050), V(104)
Recipes : Vb(008), mix ground fresh or dried bark with lime juice, VO. 20 cl. , 2 X / day

Vb(033), squash fresh leaves and soak in H2O, VO., 10 cl., 2 X / day
Vb(050) bloat, grind the whole plant of Momordica balsamina, leaves of Striga hermontheca + leaves of corn + H2O, filter, VO. 15 cl / day until recovery
Vb(104), soak fres or dried bark of Momordica balsamina with squashed leaves of Vitex doniana, VO. 20 cl, 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Nelsonia canescens (Lam.) Spreng.
Official name : Nelsonia canescens (Lam.) Spreng.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : V(093)
Recipes : Vb(093), soak leaves in H2O for 2 days, VO., 10 cl., 2 X / day and rub the solution on animal's belly
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Nicotiana tabacum L.
Official name : Nicotiana tabacum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : V(039), V(098)
Recipes : V(039), mix powder of Nicotiana tabacum with Butyrospermum parkii oil, rub externally on all parts of the body, 1 X / day
V(098), apply powder on affected area 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Parkia clappertoniana Keay
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), grind dried barks of Guiera senegalensis, with roots and barks of Parkia biglobosa of Mangifera indica of Vitex doniana and mix in H2O, VO.10 cl, 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), mix ground fresh or dried bark with any type of bran, feed as ration
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Schwenckia americana L.
Official name : Schwenckia americana L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : V(002), V(016), V(050)
Recipes : Vb(002), mix ground leaves with local potassium and magnesium salts
Vb(016), soak leaves and barks in water, VO., 10 cl, 2 X / day
Vb(050) bloat, mix with red potash in H2O, filterr, VO. 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : V(014), V(041), V(104)
Recipes : Vb(014) ringworm, mix ground dry bark of Khaya senegalensis of Solanum incanum with brand and palm oil, local application
Vb(041), anthrax, barks of Khaya senegalensis of Solanum incanum, fresh leaves of Vernonia amygdalina, grind and mix in H2O, VO. 35 cl, 3 X / day
Vb(104), grind fruit + H2O, VO., 10 cl., 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
Official name : Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
Family : Poaceae
Synonyms : Holcus bicolor L. , Sorghum vulgare subsp. durra (Forssk.) Maire & Weiller
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), feel husk as roughage ad libitum
Vb(030), apical part, VO.
Vb(068), mix seeds, husk and bran, VO; ad libitum
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Striga senegalensis Benth.
Official name : Striga senegalensis Benth.
Family : Orobanchaceae
Synonyms : Striga hermontheca (Del.) Benth.
Symptoms : V(033), V(037), V(050), V(093)
Recipes : Vb(033), squash fresh whole aerial plant of Striga hermontheca and soak in H2O, VO.., 10 cl, 3 X / day.
Vb(037), mix ground leaves and barks with potassium powder in H2O, VO., 20 cl., 2 X / day
Vb(050) bloat, grind the whole plant of Momordica balsamina, leaves of Striga hermontheca + leaves of corn + H2O, filter, VO. 15 cl / day until recovery
Vb(093), soak ground fresh or dry whole aerial part of plant in H2O, VO., 10 cl, 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : V(030), V(033)
Recipes : Vb(030), soak fresh leaves of Balanites aegyptiaca and Tamarindus indica in H2O for about 1 day, VO., 15 cl + give fresh leaves to eat
Vb(033), squash fresh whole aerial plant and soak in H2O, VO.., 10 cl, 3 X / day.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Terminalia macroptera Guil. & Perr.
Official name : Terminalia macroptera Guil. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : V(008)
Recipes : Vb(008), crush apical meristem of Terminalia macroptera and mix with ground Adansonia digitata and leave in H2O, VO. 25 cl., 1 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041), anthrax, barks of Khaya senegalensis of Solanum incanum, fresh leaves of Vernonia amygdalina, grind and mix in H2O, VO. 35 cl, 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : V(008), V(104)
Recipes : Vb(008), grind dried barks of Guiera senegalensis, with roots and barks of Parkia biglobosa of Mangifera indica of Vitex doniana and mix in H2O, VO.10 cl, 1 X / day
Vb(104), soak fres or dried bark of Momordica balsamina with squashed leaves of Vitex doniana, VO. 20 cl, 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Nothern zone, Sabon Gari and Giwa district)
Vernacular name : not registered