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Reference : HB 33

Author(s) : Bhat, R.B., E.O. Etejere, V.T. Oladipo
Title : Ethnobotanical studies fron central Nigeria. Economic Botany, 44 (3), pp. 382-390, (1990)
Reference HB 33 has information about 47 plants :
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(189)
Recipes : H(018) headache, H(109, f) backache, the leaflets (a handful) of Daniellia oliveri, are ground along with seven (traditional belief) alligator-pepper seeds (Aframomum melegueta) the powder is rubbed on the affected part after seven (traditional belief) incisions have been made.
H(109, f) backache, H(189) body pain, ne or two handfuls of the young fresh leaves of Cissus quadrangularis are ground with nine (traditional belief) seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) for females (seven for males) and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to prepare an ointment; the ointment is then used to massage the affected part of the body in the evening or just before going to bed.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(087), H(113)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Ageratum conyzoides at any time of day
H(087) body infection, A handful of the leaves is squeezed in a glassful of water; the !iquid is adinistered orally
H(113, f) neckpain:A handful of the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides is ground together and mlxed wlth one or two table spoon fuls of shea butter (fat from the kernels of Butyrospermum parkii); the ointment is used to massage the affected part
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : imi-ewure (Yoruba), akwokwo-nwaosi/niaika (Ibo)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(116), H(157)
Recipes : Harvest young plants of Allium sativum at any time of day
H(051x), The leaflets (one or two handfuls) of Daniellia oliveri and one small bulb of Allium sativum are ground together; the mixture is taken orally with pap.
H(116) irregular menstrual flow: The fruit juice of Citrus aurantifolia is mixed with the infusion of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia in equal proportions and taken orally until the flow becomes regular.
H(157) the plant is soaked in juice of Citrus aurantifolia, and a pinch of copper sulphate is added; the mixture is left for 4 days in a bottle; the bottle is shaken before use. Caution: Only a very small quantity is given orally to children; excess quantity results in vomiting or runny stool
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : alubosa / elewe (Yoruba)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(000), H(008), H(039), H(139)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Annona senegalensis preferably before noon
H(000), for general diseases: The dried leaves and roots in equal proportion are ground to powder and taken orally with pap (a semi-liquid food prepared from the grains of maize or guinea-corn).
H(008) occasionall for diarrhea, the leaves (10-15) are soaked in two to four glassfuls of water and squeezed to prepare a decoction; the solution is then given orally.
H(039), as an insecticide: The leaves are burnt in clay pots in an enclosed room to kill mosquitoes and other insects by suffocation.
H(139) sexual stimulant for impotency: A decoction is prepared from 20-25 leaves each of Annona senegalensis and Glyphaea lateriflora, about half a glassful of water is added to dilute, and table salt (sodium chloride) is added to taste; the filtrate is collected and stored in a bottle;the filtrate is sipped every night before intercourse or when necessary.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : abo (Yoruba), gwander / daji (Hausa, uburu-ocha (Ibo)
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(051), H(103x)
Recipes : Harvest fresh twigs of Anogeissus leiocarpa at any time of day
H(051, f) paludism the leaves are packed tightly in earthen pots to which water is added; after cooking to give a concentrated decoction wich is taken orally.
H(202, f), the roots are used as chewing sticks for cleaning teeth
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ayin (Yoruba), marike (Hausa), atara (Ibo)
Argemone mexicana L.
Official name : Argemone mexicana L.
Family : Papaveraceae
Symptoms : H(103), H(126)
Recipes : Harvest mature twigs and seeds of Argemone mexicana at any time of day
H(103, f) for teething in infants.The seeds are cooked in water and the concentrate given to infants beginning from the age of 8 days; this helps children overcome problems associated with teething.
H(126, f) jaundice, a handful of the leaves and a pinch of potash are cooked in water or sun-dried and ground to powder; the mixture or powder is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : egun-arigbo (Yoruba), kwarko (Hausa)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(002), H(039), H(051), H(103), H(103x)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature twigs of Azadirachta indica at any time of day
H(002, f) catarrh: A potful of the leaves is boiled in water and the concentrated hot solution used as a steam bath, inhaled, or taken orally.
H(039, f), the fresh leaves are mixed with cereals during storage to prevent insect attack.
H(051, f) paludism: A potful of the leaves is boiled or squeezed in water for some time; the decoction is taken orally, hot or cold,or used as a steam bath.
H(103x, f) The stem is used as a chewing stick to clean the teeth and gums.
H(103) the juice is believed to prevent tooth decay and gum infections
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : igi-oba (Yoruba), dogo / yaro (Hausa)
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(018), H(076)
Recipes : Harvest roots, leaves, and bark from mature stems of Bridelia ferruginea usually in the moming
H(006, f), H(018, f) headache as laxative and for headache: The leaves and roots are chewed regularly
H(076) for coated tangue: The bark together witt the stem is ground with aluminum sulphate in water; sugar or red pepper is added to filtrate to taste and taken orally as a drink or mouthwash
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ira (Yoruba), kirni (Hausa), egede (Ibo)
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms : H(003), H(014), H(037), H(053), H(087)
Recipes : Harvest young fresh twigs and mature roots of Bryophyllum pinnatum at any time of day
H(003, f) for swollen limbs: A handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two teaspoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(014, f) for eczema and pimples: The latex of the plant is applied directly to the pimples and eczema spots by means of cotton.
H(037), as a cough mixture: A decoction prepared from the roots in water is taken orally as a cough mixture
H(053) for earache: The dried leaves (about five) are ground to powder and the liquid secretion {one to two teaspoonfuls) of a mollusk (Mutella sp.) is added to it; the mixture is then applied to the affected ears with the aid of feathers; the ear opening is then plugged with cotton for 2 days to prevent the entry of dust particles..
H(087) for whitlow: The dried whole plant is ground to powder and mixed with one or two raw eggs and one or two tablespoonfuls of shea butter; this is applied directly on the affected part to relieve the pain and dry up the inflammation.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : adamoda (Yoruba)
Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Official name : Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(012), H(013), H(087), H(113), H(186)
Recipes : Harvest mature fruits of Butyrospermum paradoxumat any time of day
H(003, f) for swollen limbs.: A handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two teaspoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(012), f) The dried leaves of Phyllanthus pentandrus along with those of Vigna sp. are pound in equal proportions to powder and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum); this ointment is used to treat dislocated limbs.
H(013, f), for boils: The dried leaves of Phyllanthus pentandrus along with those of Vigna sp. are pound in equal proportions to powder and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum); this ointment is applied on the affected part.
H(087, f) for whitlow: a handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two raw eggs and about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(113, f) neckpain, a handful of the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides is ground together and mixed wlth one or two tablespoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii); the ointment is used to massage the affected part
H(186, f) as an expectorant: Four to six dried leaves of Calotropis procera are ground and then mixed with about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and water; this is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : pahan (Yoruba)
Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Official name : Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(087), H(109), H(113), H(189)
Recipes : Harvest mature fruits of Butyrospermum parki at any time of day
H(003, f) for swollen limbs. A handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two teaspoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part -- - H(087) for whitlow, a handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two raw eggs and about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(109, f) backache, H(189, f) body pain, one or two handfuls of the young fresh leaves of Cissus quadrangularis are ground with nine (traditional belief) seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) for females (seven for males) and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to prepare an ointment; the ointment is then used to massage the affected part of the body in the evening or just before going to bed.
H(113, f) neckpain: A handful of the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides is ground together and mlxed wlth one or two tablespoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii); the ointment is used to massage the affected part
H(189, f) body pain: The leaves of Eleusine indica are crushed and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to make an ointment used to massage the affected part..
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : emi (Yoruba), ka'danya (Hausa), osisi (Ibo)
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(020), H(186)
Recipes : Harvest fresh, preferably from.young plants of Calotropis procera, at time of need
H(020) snake bite or scorpion sting: latex is obtained from any part of the plant and applied by making seven {traditional belief) incisions on the affected part after dipping the razor inthe latex.
H(186, f) as an expectorant: Four to six dried leaves are ground and then mixed with about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and water; this is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : bomu-bomu (Yoruba), tufatia (Hausa)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(068), H(087), H(095), H(099), H(104)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature leaves of Carica papaya at any time of day
H(051x, f) For yellow fever: The leaf extract is taken orally with table salt
H(068) as an anthelmintic: The leaf extract and latex of raw fruits are taken. orally..
H(087, f) body infection: The leaves of Carica papaya are cooked along with those of Musa sapientum in equal proportions; the extracfis taken orally or as a bath. Precaution: Should not be administered to infants.
H(095, f), the ripe fruits are also eaten as food.
H(099, f) as a treatment for beri-beri: The fruits are eaten regularly
H(104) stomachache, infusion of the leaves is used
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ibepe (Yoruba, gwanda (Hausa), ojo-mgbimgbi (Ibo)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(006), H(014), H(022), H(112), H(135)
Recipes : Harvest fresh twig with inflorescence of Cassia alata either before noon or at sunset
H(006, f) as a laxative: The ground inflorescence is mixed with pap and taken orally.
H(014, f) for ringworm and other skin diseases: The juice from the leaves and stems is squeezed out and rubbed on the affected part of the skin.
H(022) , H(112) a strong decoction of the leaves is used to cause abortion or to hasten delivery at labor
H(135, f) for indigestion: The dried leaves of Cassia alata are powdered along with those of Piper guineense in equal proportions; the powdered component is divided into small portions and taken orally with hot pap
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : asunwon (Yoruba), okpo / ndichi (Ibo)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(027z), H(175)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Cassia occidentali in the morning or the evening
H(001), H(007) any part of the plant can also be used as a lotion for ophthalmia and as a diuretic.
H(006, f) as a laxative: A handful of the dried leaves is ground into powder, mixed with pap, and taken orally
H(027z) to stop bleeding during pregnancy: The leaves of Cassia occidentalis together with those of Sida cordifolia and Crassocephalum rubens are ground, in equal proportions, in water; table salt is added; the filtrate of the mixture is collected in bottles. Dosage: A tablespoonful three times daily.
H(175, f) the ground fresh leaves are also applied as poultice to induce extrusion of Guinea worm.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : rere (Yoruba, raildore (Hausa, akedeagbora, ikpammuo (Ibo)
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Official name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : H(109), H(189)
Recipes : Harvest young fresh leaves of Cissus quadrangularis at any time of the day
H(109, f) backache, H(189, f) body pain: one or two handfuls of the young fresh leaves o Cissus quadrangularis are ground with nine (traditional belief) seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) for females (seven for males) and mixed with shea butter to prepare an ointment; the ointment is then used to massage the affected part of the body in the evening or just before going to bed.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : olowomefa (Yoruba)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(036), H(116), H(196)
Recipes : Harvest ripe fruits, young and mature fresh leaves of Citrus aurantifolia at any time of day
H(036) for dizziness: A handfuI of leaves of Citrus aurantifolia and one or two small bulbs of Allium sativum are ground together in one-half or one gIassful of water; the mixture is taken orally and also used to massage the face.
H(116) irregular menstrual flow: The fruit juice of Citrus aurantifolia is mixed with the infusion of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia in equal proportions and taken orally until the flow becomes regular.
H(196, f) for prevention of scurvy: The fruit juice is taken regularly
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : osanwene (Yoruba), lemu (Hausa), ofofa-nta (Ibo)
Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(027z), H(095)
Recipes : H(027z) to stop bleeding during pregnancy: The leaves of Cassia occidentalis together with those of Sida cordifolia and Crassocephalum rubens are ground, in equal proportions, in water; table salt is added; the filtrate of the mixture is collected in bottles. Dosage: A tablespoonful three times daily.
H(095, f) as a vegetable soup, the leaves are boiled in water to which red pepper, red palmoil and salt are added
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ebue (Yoruba)
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Official name : Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe
Symptoms : H(018), H(051x), H(109)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Daniellia oliveri at any time of day
H(018) headache, H(109, f) backache, the leaflets (a handful) of Daniellia oliveri, are ground along with seven (traditional belief) alligator-pepper seeds (Aframomum melegueta) the powder is rubbed on the affected part after seven (traditional belief) incisions have been made.
H(051x) for yellow fever: The leaflets (one or two handfuls) of Daniellia oliveri and one small bulb of Allium sativum are ground together; the mixture is taken orally with pap
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : iya (Yoruba), maje (Hausa), ozabwa (Ibo)
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(189)
Recipes : Harvest fresh leaves of Eleusine indica at any lime of the day
H(189, f) body pain: the leaves of Eleusine indica are crushed and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to make an ointment used to massage the affected part.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : gbegin (Yoruba)