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Reference : HE 13

Author(s) : Egharevba, R.K.A., M.I. Ikhatua
Title : Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 4 (1): 58-64 (2008)
Reference HE 13 has information about 36 plants :
Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg.
Official name : Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(046), H(143)
Recipes : H(143)small pox, H(046) chicken pox, the decoction of leaves, local application.
H(143) small pox, H(046) chicken pox, powdered grainesadded to vaseline and rubbed on skin rashes
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : copper leaf (English), atare (Yoruba)
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(046), H(143)
Recipes : H(046) chicken pox, H(143) small pox, leaves of Aframomum melegueta decoction rubbed on fungal infection.
H(046), H(143), boil leaves and use in bathing.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : alligator pepper (English), ehiendo (Bini)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(020)
Recipes : H(013) decoction of leaves of Allium cepa with water apply to to rashes
H(020) scorpion bites, ground leaves, and apply to affected wound.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : onion (English), alubarha (Bini), yabasa (Ibo), alubosa Yoruba)
Aloe barteri Bak.
Official name : Aloe barteri Bak.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Synonyms : Aloe buettneri A. Berger
Symptoms : H(013), H(014)
Recipes : H(013) use leaves gel of Aloe barteri as a poultice on boils
H(014) dandruff, squeeze leaves and rub el on scalp
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : Aloe vera (English)
Alstonia boonei De Wild
Official name : Alstonia boonei De Wild
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(092)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, H(092) arrow poison, the infusion of the bark of Alstonia boonei alone is drunk
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cam wood (English), ukhu (Bini), awun (Yoruba)
Amaranthus spinosus L.
Official name : Amaranthus spinosus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(137)
Recipes : H(001)juice of Amaranthus spinosus used as eye wash
H(137) ashes from burnt plant good for sores
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : prickly amaranthus (English), inine (ibo), tete elegun (Yoruba)
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) slice mature leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum, infuse in local gin In a bottle and rub swollen rheumatic or arthritis parts.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : airplant or ressurection plant (English), idan wesin (Edo)
Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent.
Official name : Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) fire the rhizome of Caladium bicolor applied locally treat boils and abscesses.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : ringworm plant (English), akoria ovbi ore (Bini), asurun oyibo (Yoruba)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(137)
Recipes : H(137) the roasted leaves pulp of Carica papaya is placed on sores for healing
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : pawpaw (English), uhro (Bini), lbepel (Yoruba)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) decoction of leaves and kerosene applied to eczema, ringworm etc.
H(014) decoction of leaves and young shoot added to black soap to bathe.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : ringworm plant (English),, akoria ovbi ore (Bini), asurun oyibo (Yoruba)
Celosia argentea L.
Official name : Celosia argentea L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) the juice of the leaves of Celosia argentea are used for rashes.
H(013) , seeds, ground into paste and applied on rashes
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cockscomb, quailgrass (English), sokoyokoto (Yoruba), ebe-afor (Bini)
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Official name : Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Eupatorium odoratum L.
Symptoms : H(004), H(020)
Recipes : H(004), H(020) squeeze thes leaves of Chromlaena odorota and put on cuts from wounds and stings.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : weed siam (English), awolowo, akintola taku (Yoruba)
Cnestis sp.
Official name : Cnestis sp.
Family : Connaraceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013), blend the leaves of Cnestis Spp. and mix with cam wood and black soap: rub on skin
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : esinsin (Yoruba)
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Official name : Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Family : Araceae
Synonyms : Colocasia antiquorum Schott & Endl.
Symptoms : H(003), H(020)
Recipes : H(020) poultice from the roots of Colocasia esculentum is used for snakebite
H(003) poultice from both roots and leaves used for swelling, bruise
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cocoyam (English), ewiebo (Ishan)
Corchorus olitorius L.
Official name : Corchorus olitorius L.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(013)
Recipes : H(013) abscesses, H(003) bruises, swellings, paste from ground seeds of Corchorus olitorius of used to rub on
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : jute plant (English), ebiyoyo (Bini), ewedu (Yoruba)
Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam
Official name : Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(039)
Recipes : H(039), a paste of the bark of Dacryodes edulis is a remedy for swollen foot from jigger infestation.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : african pear (English), orunmwun (Bini), olumu (Ishan)
Datura stramonium L.
Official name : Datura stramonium L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) crushed leaves and seeds of Datura stramonium are mixed with palm oil and applied to severe cases of insect bites and stings.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : green thorn (English), apikan (Yor)
Ficus exasperata Vahl
Official name : Ficus exasperata Vahl
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) rud the l eaves of Ficus exasperata on affected parts by ringworm
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : sand paper plant (English), amenmen (Bini), ipin Yoruba)
Heliotropium ovalifolium Forssk.
Official name : Heliotropium ovalifolium Forssk.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) scorpion sting., rub leaves and juice on the wound of a scorpion sting.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : cockscomb (English),
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
Official name : Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) ) apply paste of flower buds of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis to boils
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Ovia North East, Edo State)
Vernacular name : garden hibiscus (English), oriigun (Yoruba), kekeke (Yoruba), flava (Ibo)