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Reference : HF 03

Author(s) : Flatie, T., T. Gedif, K. Asres, T. Gebre-Mariam
Title : Ethnomedical survey of Berta ethnic group Assosa Zone, Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia (Medicinal plants reported by household respondents of Berta ethnic group) Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2009, 5:14 doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-14
Reference HF 03 has information about 60 plants :
Acacia sp.
Official name : Acacia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(018), H(104), H(108)
Recipes : H(008, 2) diarrhorea , H(104) burning sensation in the upper alimentary tract (cheguara), roots of Pterolobium stellatum (qudu) , after removing the cover, boiled together with Acacia sp. in H2O and VO.
H(018) headache, H(108, 4) common cold (gunfan), ground fruit of Acacia sp (Acacia sp), decoction (H20), VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : mezel
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(013), H(014)
Recipes : H(013) skin disorder,H(014) herpes, (shererit), rubbed leaves between palms and applied to the affected area
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : Dalecha Debes
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(051) fever, decoction (H20) of leaves of Achyranthes aspera, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : dumugelo
Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name : Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC. , Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) dental pain with or without swelling of face area (tirs himem), ground roots of Acmella caulirhiza, put in between teeth
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : etsegne andewu
Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name : Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC. , Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Symptoms : H(013), H(014)
Recipes : H(013) skin disorder,H(014) herpes, (shererit), grounded leaves, mixed with sesame oil, and also applied to the affected area
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : gutecha
Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Official name : Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201, 3) demon possession and characterized by intermittent convulsion (setan), grounded roots, dispersed in water and drunk, and applied to body
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : abujelalen
Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Official name : Aristolochia bracteata Retz.
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(091)
Recipes : H(008, 2) diarrhorea, H(091, 3) body weakness and intermittent shock (lib himem), ground seeds of Aristolochia bracteolata diluted in H2O, VO and applied on the body
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : abujenajil
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(051), H(018)
Recipes : H(051, 8) paludism, H(018, 3) headache, leaves of Melia azadirachta decoction (H2O), VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : almin
Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper and Wood
Official name : Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper and Wood
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Breonadia microcephala (Delile) Ridsdale
Symptoms : H(008), H(113)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea + vomiting in childeren on breast (yehitsane beshita), ground stem of Breonadia salicina diluted in H2O, VO.
H(113) joint pain (kurtema)t, seeds put into fire, smoke bath
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : digel
Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper and Wood
Official name : Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper and Wood
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Breonadia microcephala (Delile) Ridsdale
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) demon possession with intermittent convulsion (setan), dried stem and roots of Breonadia salicina in fire, smoke bath
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : tigl
Bridelia sp.
Official name : Bridelia sp.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(108)
Recipes : H(018, 4) headache, ground roots of Bridelia sp. applied on the head
H(108) common cold (gunfan), ground roots of Bridelia sp.applied on the head and VO. with H2O
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : sheketful
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020, 2), exuding latex from fresh leaves of Calotropis procera, local application
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : aberdade
Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Official name : Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Calpurnia subdecandra (L'Hérit.) Schweick.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008, 9) diarrhoea + vomiting in childeren on breast (yehitsane beshita), ground roots of Calpurnia aurea, VO. With H2O
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : etsegne eru
Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Official name : Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Calpurnia subdecandra (L'Hérit.) Schweick.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea and vomiting in children on breast (yehitsan beshita), grounded roots, dispersed in water then drunk, and also applied on body
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : etsegne eru
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(000)
Recipes : H(000) yewegeb medhanit), grounded roots of Carissa spinarum, diluted in H2O, VO.
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : etsegne gundew
Cassia sp.
Official name : Cassia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna sp.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008, 2) diarrhoea, grounded roots of Senna sp.(aterha), diluted in H2O, VO.
H(008, 2) diarrhoea, bark of Senna sp. (ayune) is eaten as it is
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : aterha, ayune
Cassia sp.
Official name : Cassia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna sp.
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012, 2) fracture roots of Senna sp. (etsegne shalew) are ground and drunk with water and also tied around the fractured bone
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : etsegne shalew
Cassia sp.
Official name : Cassia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna sp.
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201, 4) demon possession with intermittent convulsion (setan), dried roots of Senna sp. (etseya shemegna) are put on fire, smokebath
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : etseya shemegna
Cassia sp.
Official name : Cassia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna sp.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal cramps, powdered seed of Senna sp.(umusihir) is dispersed in water and drunk; bark is eaten as it is; powdered root is dispersed in water and drunk
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : umusihir
Cassia sp.
Official name : Cassia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna sp.
Symptoms : H(008), H(012)
Recipes : H(008, 14) diarrhoea, grounded stems of Senna sp.(etsegne eyu), VO. + H2O
H(012)) fracture, pôwder of stems tied on fracture bone
Region : East Africa
Country : Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia)
Vernacular name : etsegne eyu