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Reference : HG 61

Author(s) : Gruca, M., T. R van Andel, H. Balslev
Title : Ritual uses of palms in traditional medicine in sub-Saharan Africa: a review Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10:60 (2014) DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-10-60
Reference HG 61 has information about 57 plants :
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrheal orchitis, a piece of the bark of Erythrina latissima with two of the conical thorns still adherent. The inner bark and chews it up with a few grains of Aframomum angustifolium. (cited as Amomum melagueta). Holding the scrotum in both hands the healer blows his medicine from his mouth onto it, then he breaks off the two thorns from the bark, calcines them and mixes the powder with red palm oil, and rubs it on the scrotum. In two or three days the swelling will go down -
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Official name : Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) mental fatigue, a fresh nut of Elaeis guineensis easy to pound or smash is mixed together with leaves from Hibiscus surattensis., Asystasia gangetica, Musa x sapientum and Cyperus articulate. The mixture is rubbed on the body of the patient. The patient should be facing the sun during the treatment and pronounce “wishes” of good luck. The residues are put under the patient’s pillow. If he dreams of a young girl with erected breasts, there is hope for cure. He should not wash himself during the rest of the treatment day
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) respiratory pain due to pleurisy , ashes of a handful of Bidens pilosa (cited as Spanish needle), are mixed with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. A doctor rubs the ointment on his hands rubs hard
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) epilepsy (epilepsy is believed to occur mostly during the full moon), roots of Borassus aethiopum, maceration, body bath
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Togo
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) scarification practices, seed of Borassus aethiopum used as containers for a charred medicinal mixture called 'katala' in Haussa.This mixture is rubbed into skin incisions
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana (Haussa)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Official name : Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
Family : Arecaceae
Synonyms : Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) any disease caused by a curse decoction of root of Borassus aethiopum, VO.
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Ghana (Kokomba)
Vernacular name : used as containers for a charred medicinal mixture called 'katala' in Haussa
Canna indica L.
Official name : Canna indica L.
Family : Cannaceae
Symptoms : H(116)
Recipes : H(116) amenorrhea, three seeds of Ricinodendron heudelotii subsp. africanum and a quantity of canna blooms Canna indica are beaten together in a mortar, and put into a big spoon. Then a little salt and red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis freshly prepared, (not refined by heating) is added. Three pebbles are put in the fire and allowed to get hot, then one of these "rocks" is put into the spoon and stirred until it has cooled, and then discarded. The same process is repeated with two other rocks. Woman starts up the ladderstick towards the loft and stands with both feet on the first notch and she dips her fingers into the spoon and lick off the medicine. She will have her menstrual function restored in two or three days
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Clerodendrum sp.
Official name : Clerodendrum sp.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(166)
Recipes : H(166) hiccough, a whole vine of Clerodendron sp. is calcined and beaten to powder. This powder is kept in a small horn, and a small amount mixed with red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis. ( author said: “charred drug is magical”)
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cocos nucifera L.
Official name : Cocos nucifera L.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) skin rash due to HIV/AIDS (chira), fruits of Cocos nucifera. disease is locally known as ‘chira’, and is related to the transgression of principles governing sexuality or seniority
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Kenya (Suba, Luo )
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cocos nucifera L.
Official name : Cocos nucifera L.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) whole plant of Cocos nucifera (palm tree) planted at sacred places
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cocos nucifera L.
Official name : Cocos nucifera L.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(027)
Recipes : H(027) preventive of miscarriage, one tortoise is roasted with water inside a coco-nut (Cocos nucifera) along with half a bottle of palm oil.(Elaeis guineensis) All is roasted until it is almost burnt and then ground to powder wich is used in a corn flour pudding, which a woman should take on rising and going to bed throughout the course of one menstruation. The man should sleep with her five days after she has finished menstruating
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Nigeria (Yoruba)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Official name : Combretum aculeatum Vent.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) chronic ulcers , leaves of the variety of Combretum aculeatum growing on dry ground are fried in palm oil of Elaeis guineensis with a finger ring in the pot. The mass is rubbed on the legs and the ring is worn
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Combretum grandifolium F.Hoffm
Official name : Combretum grandifolium F.Hoffm
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) influenza, a handful of thorns of Combretum grandiflorum is burned to charcoal in a pot, then heated with red palm oi (Elaeis guineensis) then used to anoint the ankles, knees, and elbows
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Official name : Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) keeping away bad spirits, roots of Elaeis guineensis are associated with the resin from Daniellia oliveri and Commiphora africana
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : West Africa
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume
Official name : Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea, bark fibers of Waltheria americana are twisted into a cord to be worn around the waist. The cord and loin cloth are smeared with an ointment made of the flower stalks of Cyathula prostrata fried black, and ground up with palm oil of Elaeis guineensis
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Cyperus articulatus L.
Official name : Cyperus articulatus L.
Family : Cyperaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) mental fatigue, a fresh nut of Elaeis guineensis easy to pound or smash is mixed together with leaves from Hibiscus surattensis., Asystasia gangetica, Musa x sapientum and Cyperus articulate. The mixture is rubbed on the body of the patient. The patient should be facing the sun during the treatment and pronounce “wishes” of good luck. The residues are put under the patient’s pillow. If he dreams of a young girl with erected breasts, there is hope for cure. He should not wash himself during the rest of the treatment day
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Cameroon
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Official name : Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) keeping away bad spirits, roots of Elaeis guineensis are associated with the resin from Daniellia oliveri and Commiphora africana
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : West Africa
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dracaena sp.
Official name : Dracaena sp.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, a stick from each of the following trees or shrubs is calcined: cited as Ricinodendron africanum, Dracena sp., Whitfieldia lateritia and any small twig broken over with the break healed so that the stick is growing in the twisted or bent position. The calcined wood is powdered and mixed with the red palm oil of Elaeis guineensis.The ointment is rubbed on the area over the fracture
Region : sub-Saharan Africa
Country : Liberia (Mano)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dypsis canaliculata (Jum.) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Official name : Dypsis canaliculata (Jum.) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) palm tree of Dypsis canaliculata planted at sacred places
Region : I
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Dypsis fibrosa (C.H. Wright) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Official name : Dypsis fibrosa (C.H. Wright) Beentje & J. Dransf.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) festivities: leaves of Dypsis fibrosa used to decorate houses at clerical festivities
Region : I
Country : Madagascar (Betsimisaraka)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors