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Reference : HI 08

Author(s) : Idu M., G.O. Obaruyi and J. O. Erhabor
Title : Ethnobotanical Uses of Plants Among the Binis in the Treatment of Ophthalmic and ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) Ailments Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 480-96. 2009. http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/miduetal.htm
Reference HI 08 has information about 26 plants :
Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Official name : Acmella caulirhiza Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Spilanthes mauritiana (A. Rich. ex Pers.) DC. , Spilanthes filicaulis (Schumach. & Thonn.) C.D.Adams
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) sore throat, the flower of Spilanthes filicaulis is mixed with 3 seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) or dry gin and chewed then swallowed twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ehie edo oto (Binis), brazil cress (English)
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) sore throat, the flower of Spilanthes filicaulis is mixed with 3 seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) or dry gin and chewed then swallowed twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) redness of the eye and inflammation, leaves of Ageratum conyzoides are squeezed and the emanating juice is dropped into the eyes as eye drop, one drop, twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ebighedore (Binis), billy goat weed (English)
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.
Official name : Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) night-blindness, the leaves of Albizia lebbeck are squeezed and the juice is applied to the eye as eye drop, twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : eshegeshege (Binis), lebbek tree (English)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(053)
Recipes : H(001) irritation of the eye, roasted bulb of Allium cepa in the form of poultice is used for treatment of earache and it is used for brightening eye colour
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : alubarha (Binis), onion (English)
Baphia nitida Lodd.
Official name : Baphia nitida Lodd.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eye sore, leaves of Baphia nitida are squeezed and the juice is applied to the eye, one drop, twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : otua (Binis), cam wood (English)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) small fat deposits in the eyes, he seeds of Carica papaya are boiled in water and extracted. One drop into the eyes twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : uho (Binis), pawpaw (English)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) sore throat, young fresh leaves of Citrus aurantifolia are grinded and the juice from it is mixed with gin and little quantity of alum depending on the content of the squeezed juice, twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : animo ne giee (Binis), lime (English)
Cocos nucifera L.
Official name : Cocos nucifera L.
Family : Arecaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) sore throat, decoction of the root of Cocos nucifera in water is gargled in the throat twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ivi-Oibo (Binis), coconut (English)
Cola nitida (Vent.) Scott & Endl.
Official name : Cola nitida (Vent.) Scott & Endl.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) ocular problems (night blindness), leaves of Cola nitida are heated and pressed, juice, a drop in the eye, 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : evbee (Binis), kola (Anglais)
Cola nitida (Vent.) Scott & Endl.
Official name : Cola nitida (Vent.) Scott & Endl.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eye trouble such as night blindness, leaves of Cola nitida are heated and the juice squeezed from it is dropped into the eyes, one drop twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : evbee (Binis), kola (English)
Crinum jagus (J.Thomps.) Dandy
Official name : Crinum jagus (J.Thomps.) Dandy
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) earache, leaves of Crinum jagus are heated and then squeezed so that the juice comes out and common salt is added. The mixture of the juice and common salt is dropped into the ear twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ogede-odo (Binis), poison bulb (English)
Euadenia trifoliata (Schumach. & Thonn.) Oliv.
Official name : Euadenia trifoliata (Schumach. & Thonn.) Oliv.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) earache, heat the leaves and squeeze out the juice dropping it into the ear, one drop, twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : oboh yeho (Binis), euadenia (English)
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, the stem of Euphorbia hirta is broken to extract the latex and dropped into the ear, one drop, twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : asin uloko (Binis), Australian asthma plant/garden spurge, snake weed (English)
Gossypium hirsutum L.
Official name : Gossypium hirsutum L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(124)
Recipes : H(124) nasal bleeding, cotton wool is placed at the nostril
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ebe oru (Binis), cotton (English)
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Official name : Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eyes with blood stain, young fresh leaves of Lycopersicon esculentum are squeezed and the juice is dropped into the eyes. One drop, twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ekhue (Binis), tomato (English)
Musanga cecropioides R. Br.
Official name : Musanga cecropioides R. Br.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, the prop root of Musanga cecropioides is cut and the liquid from it is dropped into the eyes thrice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : oghohen (Binis), umbrella tree (English)
Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Official name : Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) sore eye, the leaves of Newbouldia laevis are squeezed and the juice from it is dropped into the eye
H(001) eye inflammation, the young fresh leaves are crushed in little amount of water and the extract is dropped into the eye to cure eye inflammation and redness and the leaves are heated and became weak and squeezed.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ikhimwin (Binis), tree of life (English)
Nicotiana tabacum L.
Official name : Nicotiana tabacum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) eye treatment (Irritation), leaves are squeezed and juice from it is dropped into the eyes. One drop daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : itaba (Binis), tobaco (English)
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053)) earache and for dullness of hearing., The leaves of Ocimum basilicum are squeezed and the juice is dropped into the ear, one drop, twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ebi hihi (Binis), sweet basil and Harry Bail (English)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(124)
Recipes : H(124) nasal bleeding,, the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum are squeezed and the juice from it is dropped into the nostrils, one drop, twice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ebe amwonkho (Binis), tea bushl (English)
Pandanus candelabrum P. Beauv.
Official name : Pandanus candelabrum P. Beauv.
Family : Pandaceae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) sore throat, fresh leaves of Pandanus candelabrum are chewed and the liquid content swallowed thrice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ebo (Binis), screw prine (English)
Phoenix dactylifera L.
Official name : Phoenix dactylifera L.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(118)
Recipes : H(118) sore throat, fruit of Phoenix dactylifera is eaten twice daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : ukuon (Binis), date palm (English)
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), leaves of Rauwolfia vomitoria are used for irritation of the eyes. Juice is squeezed out of fresh leaves.One drop into the eyes daily
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : akata (Binis), swizzle stick (English)
Sida acuta Burm. f.
Official name : Sida acuta Burm. f.
Family : Malvaceae
Synonyms : Sida carpinifolia L.f. , Sida stipulata Cav.
Symptoms : H(001), H(124)
Recipes : H(001) eye pain, stem of Sida acuta is cut into small pieces and soaked into water for some hours and later used as eye drop
H(124) bleeding nose, leaves of Sida acuta are squeezed and placed at the nostril
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : aihenmmwin (Binis), broom weed (English)
Spondias mombin L.
Official name : Spondias mombin L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Spondias lutea L.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) cataract, Infusion of fresh leaves of Spondias mombin plus lime juice is used for the treatment of cataract. The fresh leaves are squeezed in water and filtered and also fresh leaves are squeezed in water plus lime juice. One cup thrice daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Edo State)
Vernacular name : okhigha (Binis), hog plum (English)