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Reference : HL 29

Author(s) : Lestrade, A
Title : La médecine indigène au Ruanda et Lexique des termes médicaux français - urunyarwanda Mémoire présenté à la séance du 20 décembre 1954. de l'Académie Royale des Sciences Coloniales de Belgique
Reference HL 29 has information about 107 plants :
Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Official name : Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: healing method: pulverized coals cooled from the plants ; Acanthus montanus (ibitovu (igitovu?)) , Asparagus sp. (imishabishabi), Achyranthes aspera (umuhurura). Incisions on swelling and spitting on wounds. Using his finger, insert the powder and top with fresh butter
Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: curative vaccine with the plants Berkheya spekeana (ikwarara (ikigwarara)), (?) igikongeri, Acanthus montanus (igitovu) and Rubus inedulis (umukeri), with soot and fresh butter. Incisions are made on the right shoulder of each animal, including sheep, starting with the oldest and by using the the owner knife . Using the right atrial "agahera" introduce the vaccine in wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ibitovu (igitovu?) (Kinyarwanda)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: autre healing method: pulverized coals cooled from the plants ; Acanthus montanus (ibitovu (igitovu?)) , Asparagus sp. (imishabishabi), Achyranthes aspera (umuhurura). Incisions on swelling and spitting on wounds. Using his finger, insert the powder and top with fresh butter
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuhurura (Kinyarwanda)
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound, crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (inkuruba) of Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanyat), of the edible gourd (igisusa kÿinkyungwane) , Crassocephalum rubens (igifuraninda), (?) umuryanyoni, make a ball which is strongly pressed on the wound and its surroundings, this to prevent swelling
H(004) wound by spear or arrow: Remove the foreign body. Cauterize the wound by introducing a smaller blade white hot drop over the old rancid butter aged two or three years, who liquefying flows into the wound. Crumple leaves of (?) itôma, Bidens pilosa. (inyabarasanya), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi), Ageratum conyzoides (inkuruba), (?) uruheza, heat the mixture, then rub on the wound and the perimeter.
H(004) wound, crumple together and triturated the plants: (?) igichunshu + Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) + Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya) + Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi, liturgical name of igifuraninda).Juice, mixed with a little water, used for pressing the periphery of the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : inkuruba (Kinyarwanda)
Aloe sp.
Official name : Aloe sp.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application on scarification
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : igikakarubamba (Kinyarwanda)
Althaea rosea Cav.
Official name : Althaea rosea Cav.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(041)
Recipes : H(004) wound: Very active remedy leaves of Althaea rosea (ruberwa) are crushed. The puree is spread on the wound. Bandage, but loose, as the remedy is irritating.
H(041) anthrax. called ikirashi, ikigatura, igikacha (carbonaceous anthrax) The pounded leaves are used to Althaea rosea (ruberwa), crushed, applied compressive bead on anthrax. Renewed after a few hourss Then use the leaves of a flower bush (?) (umunyabututu) ; crushed, are applied on the wound. Or the plant (?) ’umukumra growing on termite mounds : uses finely crushed roots. After debridement by Althaea rosea (ruberwa), is used powder laterite umukurwe and gladiolus Gladiolus psittacinus. (karungu),or powder of egg scales. Forest pêople sprinkle sawdust.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ruberwa (Kinyarwanda)
Asparagus sp.
Official name : Asparagus sp.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: autre healing method: pulverized coals cooled from the plants ; Acanthus montanus (ibitovu (igitovu?)) , Asparagus sp. (imishabishabi), Achyranthes aspera (umuhurura). Incisions on swelling and spitting on wounds. Using his finger, insert the powder and top with fresh butter
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : imishabishabi (Kinyarwanda)
Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees
Official name : Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(173)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi ), Treatment: leaves or roots of Gallium sp. (umukararambwe), with leaves of Asteracantha longifolia. (bugangabukari) cooked with roots of Urtica dioica (igisura) : add berry of Solanum aculeastrum (umutobotobo) Cook all and use the liquid as enema
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : bugangabukari (Kinyarwanda)
Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Official name : Berkheya spekeana Oliv.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: curative vaccine with the plants Berkheya spekeana (ikwarara (ikigwarara)), (?) igikongeri, Acanthus montanus (igitovu) and Rubus inedulis (umukeri), with soot and fresh butter. Incisions are made on the right shoulder of each animal, including sheep, starting with the oldest and by using the the owner knife . Using the right atrial "agahera" introduce the vaccine in wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikwarara (Kinyarwanda)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound by spear or arrow: Remove the foreign body. Cauterize the wound by introducing a smaller blade white hot drop over the old rancid butter aged two or three years, who liquefying flows into the wound. Crumple leaves of (?) itôma, Bidens pilosa. (inyabarasanya), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi), Ageratum conyzoides (inkuruba), (?) uruheza, heat the mixture, puis fomenter longuement sur la wound and lepourtour.
H(004) wound, crushed leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) or Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya), of the edible gourd (igisusa kÿinkyungwane) , Crassocephalum rubens (igifuraninda), (?) umuryanyoni, make a ball which is strongly pressed on the wound and its surroundings, this to prevent swelling
H(004) wound, crumple together and triturated the plants: (?) igichunshu + Ageratum conyzoides (kaziraruguma) + Bidens pilosa (inyabarasanya) + Cucumis sp. (umushishiro), Crassocephalum bumbense (ikyunamyi, liturgical name of igifuraninda).Juice, mixed with a little water, used for pressing the periphery of the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : inyabarasanya (Kinyarwanda)
Blumea sp.
Official name : Blumea sp.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) gonorrhea (imitezi), cook at berry of (?) umurembe or (?) karemba, with leaves, of (?) umususa ; employs the hot liquid to wash contaminated parts, using a torch section from a hollow rod nettle. Can be replaced this liquid by a decoction of (?) ubushohêra and of Blumea sp. (idôma) also in washing
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : idôma (Kinyarwanda)
Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau.
Official name : Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(173)
Recipes : H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : ikirôgora (Kinyarwanda)
Canna sp.
Official name : Canna sp.
Family : Cannaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) beauty cream (amadahano ou imbiribiri):.The preparation of the ointment is a matter for specialists. the various ingredients are collected many of which are rare. The seeds, roots and herbs are carefully dried in the sun, then stored in a special calabash. Canna sp. (amadehe) or amadihe: very hard seeds - Monechma subsessile (imibazi), ripe seeds - (?) biskyete, use white rhizomes - (?) inyakabanda,emploi des rhizomes blancs - Hagenia abyssinica (umugeshi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - Symphonia globulifera (umushishi), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) ishangi, fragments of the trunk and roots peels and use of resin - Piptadenia buchanani (umugereko), fragments of the trunk and roots peels - (?) umushuguno, tree of the volcanic regions whose odorous principle is found in the roots. - Fagara sp. (umusagavu) of root pieces were heated and held in the manner of a wax stick ; it follows an aromatic sap (amarirangege) - tinder very fragrant : ikigurwamutima (kugura of: being bought and umutima: heart). It adds the juice of the shrub inkâta.After a long process a cream is harvested in squash reserved for this purpose. As the need arises, we fee a bit in small wooden vessels called imikondo. H(202) beauty cream An operation somewhat similar occurs among farmers Abahutu,costly aromatics are replaced by fragrant roots of Rubus inedulis. (imikeri) (umukeri?) or herbs like Eragrostis flaminggi (ishinge), and by Papyrus sp. (umujunzo) with wild mint and (?) inkurume.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : amadehe (Kinyarwanda)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(001), H(051)
Recipes : H(001) one whose sight has weakened: The old rancid butter of one year at least, used to roast a pod of Capsicum annuum (urusenda) in a shard .The powder mixed with a bit of fresh butter is applied on the eyes at night.
H(051) paludism, macerating pepper pods Capsicum annuum (urusenda), dried in a half cup of water. Soak, crushing, squeezing, filtering in some herbs and give drink in the morning and prepare a small boiled sorghum ; give a cup. Later in the day, administer the following composition : 1 leaf Aloe sp. (igikakarubamba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Leucas sp. (akanyamapfundo) (yet known rutenderi) ; 1 handful of leaves of Erigeron sumatrensis (wambuba) ; 1 handful of leaves of Guizotia scabra (igishikashike); 1 large handful of leaves of Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri) ; 2 carrots with the size of the finger of Rumex bequaertii (nyiramuko). Crush all. The marc is poured into a bowl containing a little water. Twist, mix, squeeze out the juice. Drink a cup occasionally. The next day, the leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba) and of Vernonia amygdalina (umubirizi), are crushed; the juice is mixed with a small slurry sorghum. After three or four days there will a cupping application on scarification
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : urusenda (Kinyarwanda)
Carapa grandiflora Sprague
Official name : Carapa grandiflora Sprague
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wound: Choose specimens from the valley of Carapa grandiflora (umushwati) and (?) umushwarita . The crushed leaves are placed on the wound
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umushwati (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : V(041)
Recipes : Vb(041) blackleg livestock (ubutaka bwa nyamukuka or umubagabaga, umutagara), or symptomatic anthrax or ubutaka bwa nyamukanura, rapid anthrax, presumably acute bacterium anthrax: healing method. Cook in a little water until scum appears from the following plants Cassia didymobotrya.(umubagabaga) and Crassocephalum multicorymbosum (umutagara) . Reach the hand into the rectum to remove the dungs, then push the hand forward to help the medicine to flow into the intestine
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubagabaga (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Official name : Cassia didymobotrya Fres.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna didymobotrya (Fresen) Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(001), H(037), H(076)
Recipes : H(001) one whose sight has weakened : poud leaves of Cassia didymobotrya (umubagabaga).. The juice is allowed to warm in a pot with water. The patient covered with a blanket (formerly a fabric of Ficus) leans over this steam wich irritates her eyes and made sweat profusely
H(037) bronchitis, H(037) cough, juice of leaves of Cassia didymobotrya + some fresh cow milk ; VO.
H(076) mouth ulcers and thrush, crush leaves of Cassia didymobotrya (umubagabaga) the filtered juice is poured into the milk of a cow without horns; wash the wounds
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umubagabaga (Kinyarwanda)
Cassia sp.
Official name : Cassia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna sp.
Symptoms : H(020x)
Recipes : H(020x) the bees, prevention you cover with a leafy branch Cassia sp. (umuchyuro) and to make them vindictive, for example again thieves, is placed at the entrance of the hive, 2 leaves of Coleus aromaticus (umuravumba)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuchyuro (Kinyarwanda)
Celosia trigyna L.
Official name : Celosia trigyna L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) taenia: Pound, crush the whole plant of Celosia trigyna (umuchungwe), macerate for a few days in banana beer. Drink in the morning and during the day.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umuchungwe (Kinyarwanda)
Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Official name : Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J. Koch & Ziz.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(091), H(173)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: Dry the seeds of Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), crush; mix with a little eleusine. Prepare a slurry that children eat twice in the morning
H(091) loss of weight, Crush, grind the following plants : Kalanchoe beniensis (ireke), Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), (?) rugara, (?) umuchyuro, (?) umubogobogo, (?) ikigembe.Add to juice a bowl full of banana beer with a little water; drink for two consecutive days.
H(173) leprosy (ibibembe) (sometimes confused with certain skin conditions) Remedy made from fresh plants, triturated, crushed. The juice is lying water; you drink in a day Plants used : Hypodematium aff. (gingwijana), (?) umuharakûko, Chenopodium opulifolium (umugombe), Lysimachia ruhmeriana (umuyobora), Cogniauxia sp. (umutanga), (?) ishyoza, Clerondendron sp. (umukuzanyana), Thunbergia alata (gisayura), Lantana salvifolia (umuhengeri), Brillantaisia cicatricosa (ikirôgora), Asteracantha longifolia (bugangabukari), Rhoicissus erythroides (umumara)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umugombe (Kinyarwanda)
Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Official name : Chenopodium procerum Hochst. ex Moq.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) ascaris lumbricoides: Tie the leaves of Chenopodium procerum (umwisheke) in a green banana leaf, drop in hot ashes, then crumple, squeeze and bite. The juice is given to the child in the palm of the hand, in the morning
Region : Central Africa
Country : Rwanda
Vernacular name : umwisheke (Kinyarwanda)