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Reference : HS 38

Author(s) : Setshogo, M. P., C. M. Mbereki
Title : Floristic diversity and use of medicinal plants sold by street vendors in Gaborone, Botswana African Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology 5, 69–74. (2010) http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/JournalsSup/images/Sample/AJPSB_5%28SI1%2969-74o.pdf
Reference HS 38 has information about 47 plants :
Acrotome inflata Benth.
Official name : Acrotome inflata Benth.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) uterus pains, root of Acrotome inflata, boiled or soaked in water and VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : leatla, seromo (Setswana), tumbleweed (English)
Aloe secundiflora Engl.
Official name : Aloe secundiflora Engl.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(111), H(171)
Recipes : H(111) burns, the inner jelly part of the succulent leaves of Aloe zebrina is applied
H(171) diabetes, the leaves are boiled in water and the juice, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : kgophane (Setswana), variegated aloe (English)
Ammocharis coranica (Ker Gawl.) Herb.
Official name : Ammocharis coranica (Ker Gawl.) Herb.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) swollen, painful knees, bulb of Ammocharis is cut into two and half of it boiled in water, then the patient is soothed with it. The other half is fried with nuts of Ximenia americana until it turns black. Small incisions are then made on the swollen knees and the medicine applied onto them.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : esomo, seboka, motu (Setswana), tumble weed (English)
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma, any part of Artemisia afra is boiled in water
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : lengana (Setswana), african wormwood (English)
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name : Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) genital sores and discomforts, root of Asparagus africanus is boiled in water
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mhalatsamaru (Setswana), wild asparagus (English)
Asparagus exuvialis Burch.
Official name : Asparagus exuvialis Burch.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) roots and stems of Asparagus exuvialis are used to cure kwashiorkor, decoction of the pieces of stem and root in milk. It is then allowed to cool and given to the child to drink.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mosokelatsebeng (Setswana)
Cadaba aphylla (Thunb.) Wild
Official name : Cadaba aphylla (Thunb.) Wild
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(018)
Recipes : H(004) wound (boil), root of Cadaba aphyllais glowed and pointed at the area where the wound (boil) is likely to develop. The smoke is supposed to perfuse into the wound every time this procedure is followed.
H(018) headache, the root is boiled in water and taken orally
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : monnamontsho (Setswana), leafless cadaba (English)
Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Official name : Capparis tomentosa Lam.
Family : Capparaceae
Synonyms : Capparis polymorpha Guill. & Pers. , Capparis persicifolia A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(098), H(167x), H(201)
Recipes : H(098) nightmare, H(167x) hallucinations, H(201) evil spirits, plant of Capparis tomentosa is used to ward off It casts away fear and is very strong against witch spells. The roots and stems are soaked in water. For a person suffering from hallucinations, he or she is washed in the solution of the medicine. For those troubled by bad spirits and witches, the medicine solution is sprinkled around the fence of the homestead and houses.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : anawana (Setswana), woolly caper bush (English)
Cassia abbreviata subsp. beareana (Holmes) Brenan
Official name : Cassia abbreviata subsp. beareana (Holmes) Brenan
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(171), H(191)
Recipes : H(191) blood cleansing, root of Cassia abbreviata is ground into a powder, mixed with water and used to wash '’dirty’’ blood. ‘’Dirty’’ blood refers to a situation like during miscarriages. A person that has miscarried is said to have dirty blood and so ought to be cleaned hence the use of this medicine.
H(171) treat diabetes, same receipt
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : monepenepe (Setswana), long-tail cassia (English)
Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.
Official name : Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(191)
Recipes : H(191) blood cleansing, root of Combretum erythrophyllum is ground into a powder and mixed water
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mokhukhu (Setswana), river bushwillow (English)
Commelina diffusa Burm. f.
Official name : Commelina diffusa Burm. f.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(027y)
Recipes : H(027y) heals the womb after birth. The root of Commelina diffusa is powdered and mixed with warm or cold water and VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : kgopo (Setswana)
Cucumis hirsutus Sond
Official name : Cucumis hirsutus Sond
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) ulcers, it helps in breaking them open. The roots of Cucumis hirsutus are boiled in water and the medicine given to the patient to drink. When the ulcer breaks, it is further treated with the bark of Peltophorum africanum
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mukununu (Setswana),
Dicoma anomala Sond.
Official name : Dicoma anomala Sond.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, H(104) stomach pains, root of Dicoma anomala is boiled in milk and the medicine is used to treat stomach pains and diarrhoea.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : tlhonya (Setswana)
Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Official name : Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) pregnant women are massaged with it before giving birth, root of Elephantorrhiza burkei is powdered and used for massaging muscles.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : ntolane (Setswana), sumach bean (English)
Erythrococca trichogyne (Müll. Arg.) Prain var. trichogyne
Official name : Erythrococca trichogyne (Müll. Arg.) Prain var. trichogyne
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(082), H(171)
Recipes : H(082) asthma., H(171) diabetes, root of Erythrococca trichogyne.is powdered and mixed with water. VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mononyane (Setswana), twin red berry(English)
Euclea divinorum Hiern
Official name : Euclea divinorum Hiern
Family : Ebenaceae
Synonyms : Euclea keniensis R.E. Fries
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) root of Euclea divinorum is used as a cure for kidneys. It is boiled in milk and given to the patient to drink.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : motlhakola (Setswana), diamond - leaved euclea (English)
Grewia flavescens Juss.
Official name : Grewia flavescens Juss.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) big sores under the chin, root of Grewia flavescens in decoction in milk, local application
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : motsotsojane (Setswana), rough leaved raisin (English)
Harpagophytum procumbens DC. Ex Meisn.
Official name : Harpagophytum procumbens DC. Ex Meisn.
Family : Pedaliaceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) used to treat high blood pressure, H(113) cramps and H(113) rheumatism, t!ubers of Harpagophytum procumbens are sliced and put in hot water. The mixture is then allowed to settle overnight. The debris is then sieved using a very fine sieve or cloth and the solution is used as medicine.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : sengaparie (Setswana), devils claw (English)
Helichrysum paronychioides DC.
Official name : Helichrysum paronychioides DC.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) internal sores, plant of Helichrysum paronychioides is boiled just like tea, milk can be added and or sugar to reduce the bitterness. Then drink it cold or whilst hot.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : phate-ya-ngaka (Setswana)
Heteromorpha arborescens (Speng) Cham. & Schltdl.
Official name : Heteromorpha arborescens (Speng) Cham. & Schltdl.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) roots of Heteromorpha arborescens are boiled in milk and fed to malnourished children.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mmuabue, serethe (Setswana), parsely tree (English)
Hirpicium bechuanense (S. Moore) Roessler
Official name : Hirpicium bechuanense (S. Moore) Roessler
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(104)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, H(104) stomach pains, root of Hirpicium bechuanense is chewed and only the juice are swallowed. Alternatively the root can be ground to powder and soaked in either hot or cold water. The solution is then drunk. It has a bitter taste
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : kgalemela (Setswana)
Hydnora johannis Becc. var. johannis
Official name : Hydnora johannis Becc. var. johannis
Family : Hydnoraceae
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026) bulb of Hydnora johannis is boiled either whole or in powdered form in water and used to cleanse the body in general, but most commonly helps with menstrual problems
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : lethole (Setswana))
Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & Avé-Lall.
Official name : Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & Avé-Lall.
Family : Hypoxidaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(113), H(139)
Recipes : H(100) sexually transmitted diseases, H(113) kidney problems and H(139) aphrodisiac, tuber of Hypoxis hemerocallidea is chopped and put into hot water. It is then left to soak and allowed to cool overnight. The debris is then sieved off and the liquid is VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : tshuku-ya-poo (Setswana), african potato (English)
Indigofera flavicans Baker
Official name : Indigofera flavicans Baker
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(199)
Recipes : H(199) oot of Indigofera flavicans is boiled in water and the mixture taken orally to boost the human immune system especially of those people whose immune system is compromised by the effects of HIV.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : tshikadithata (Setswana)
Jatropha erythropoda Pax & K. Hoffm.
Official name : Jatropha erythropoda Pax & K. Hoffm.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(199)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, tuber of Jatropha erythropoda is chopped and placed in hot water and then left to cool. Half a cup of the medicine is taken in the morning and another one in the evening until one feels the stomach problem is relieved. It can either be used alone or in a concoction with other medicines.
H(199) used to treat rash associated with sexually transmitted diseases and to cleanse the womb.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : thotamadi (Setswana)
Jatropha zeyheri Sond.
Official name : Jatropha zeyheri Sond.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) cleanse kidneys and intestines, root of Jatropha zeyheri is soaked in water and the medicine is used to cleanse kidneys and intestines.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : seswagadi (Setswana)
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(139)
Recipes : H(100) sexually transmitted diseases., H(139) aphrodisiac for men, fruit of Kigelia africana is boiled with milk.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : moporota (Setswana), sausage tree (English)
Momordica repens Bremek.
Official name : Momordica repens Bremek.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) difficult delivery, root of Momordica repens is powdered and mixed with water. The mixture is used to clean the womb after a difficult birth
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : naka-la-tlou (Setswana)
Myrothamnus flabellifolius Welw.
Official name : Myrothamnus flabellifolius Welw.
Family : Myrothamnaceae
Symptoms : H(178x), H(182)
Recipes : H(178x) stroke,H(182) shingles. Any part of the shoot of Myrothamnus flabellifolius is ground into a powder and prepared just like tea
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : moswaarula (Setswana), resurrection plant (English)
Otoptera burchellii DC.
Official name : Otoptera burchellii DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(053)
Recipes : H(053) all parts of the plant are used as medicine for earaches. The plant parts are boiled in water and then oil drops are added to the solution. A few drops are then administered to the ear.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : wa-poo wa-poo, mpingambize (Setswana)
Peltophorum africanum Sond.
Official name : Peltophorum africanum Sond.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(078), H(082)
Recipes : H(013) ulcers, it helps in breaking them open. The roots of Cucumis hirsutus are boiled in water and the medicine given to the patient to drink. When the ulcer breaks, it is further treated with the bark of Peltophorum africanum
H(078) cancer, bark of Peltophorum africanum is ground into powder and mixed with ground bark of Sclerocarya birrea subsp.caffra for the treatment of early cancer
H(082) asthma, bark of Peltophorum africanum is crushed on its own and mixed with hot water
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mosetlha (Setswana), weeping wattle (English)
Plumbago zeylanica L.
Official name : Plumbago zeylanica L.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(137)
Recipes : H(037) coughs in kids, H(137) sores, roots of Plumbago zeylanica are soaked in water to prepare the medicine.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : masigomabe (Setswana), white plumbago (English)
Psiadia punctulata (DC.) Vatke
Official name : Psiadia punctulata (DC.) Vatke
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Psiadia arabica Jaub. & Spach
Symptoms : H(037), H(082), H(137)
Recipes : H(037) incessant coughs, H(082) asthma, H(137) sores, roots, branches and leaves of Psiadia panctulata . When preparing for kids, boil in milk and add a little bit of sugar to reduce the bitter taste. If it is an adult that has to use the medicine, it is okay to boil in water and give to the patient to drink when the medicine has cooled.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : masegomabe (Setswana)
Pterodiscus ngamicus N.E. Br. ex Stapf
Official name : Pterodiscus ngamicus N.E. Br. ex Stapf
Family : Pedialiaceae
Symptoms : H(178)
Recipes : H(178) heart problems, bulb of Pterodiscus ngamicus is boiled in water
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : pelo-ya-khutsana (Setswana)
Raphionacme velutina Schltr.
Official name : Raphionacme velutina Schltr.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, tuber of Raphionacme velutinais used as medicine for diarrhoea in babies. The tuber is sliced into two. One half is roasted, cooled and applied on the baby’s tummy.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : thobokwe (Setswana),
Rubia horrida (Thunb.) Puff
Official name : Rubia horrida (Thunb.) Puff
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(036)
Recipes : H(036) dizziness, leaves of Rubia horrida are ground into a powder and mixed with water and VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : madi-a-phalane (Setswana)
Scadoxus puniceus (L.) Friis & Nordal
Official name : Scadoxus puniceus (L.) Friis & Nordal
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) persistent sores, tuber of Scadoxus puniceus is used to cure persistent sores that do not heal up. Very small pieces of the tuber are used to wash the wound periodically.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mathubadifhala (Setswana), blood lily (English)
Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Official name : Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(078)
Recipes : H(078) cancer, bark of Peltophorum africanum is ground into powder and mixed with ground bark of Sclerocarya birrea subsp.caffra for the treatment of early cancer
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) terrible headaches, root of Solanum incanum is cooked with milk and sipped periodically. This is medicine for infants. It cures problems such as terrible headaches, and a condition where by nerves net the head showing signs of abnormality.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : tholwana-e-tona (Setswana), bitter apple (English)
Thamnosma rhodesica (Baker f.) Mendonça
Official name : Thamnosma rhodesica (Baker f.) Mendonça
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(137)
Recipes : H(137) for washing water-filled sores, twigs of Thamnosma rhodesica are pounded to powder, mixed with water and the patient washed with the solution
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : moralala (Setswana)
Tragia okanyua Pax
Official name : Tragia okanyua Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(100)
Recipes : H(100) sexually transmitted diseases, root of Tragia okanyua is powdered, mixed with water and drunk to cure sexually transmitted diseases.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : sebabetsane (Setswana), stinging nettle (English)
Turbina oblongata (E. Mey. ex Choisy) A. Meeuse
Official name : Turbina oblongata (E. Mey. ex Choisy) A. Meeuse
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(075)
Recipes : H(075) bulb of Turbina oblogata is an appetizer i.e., creates the desire to eat, particularly to children. It is pounded and soaked in water. Alternatively one can just put it in the food that one intends giving to the child.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mokatelo (Setswana)
Urginea sanguinea Schinz
Official name : Urginea sanguinea Schinz
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) bulb of Urginea sanguinea is chopped into pieces. The pieces are then added to the water that the widow or widower has to bath with. Some of the pieces are then taken along to every place that the widower visits for the first time and added into the food that he/she shall be eating for the first time. This practice shall continue for a period lasting the whole year.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : sekaname (Setswana)
Vossia cuspidata (Roxb.) Griff.
Official name : Vossia cuspidata (Roxb.) Griff.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) bring luck, especially to business, grass of Vossia cuspidata is either boiled and mixture applied to the body like a lotion or is burnt like a candle
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mojakubu (Setswana), hippo grass (English)
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) swollen, painful knees, bulb of Ammocharis is cut into two and half of it boiled in water, then the patient is soothed with it. The other half is fried with nuts of Ximenia americana until it turns black. Small incisions are then made on the swollen knees and the medicine applied onto them.
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Zehneria marlothii (Cogn.) R. Fern. & A. Fern.
Official name : Zehneria marlothii (Cogn.) R. Fern. & A. Fern.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) evil spirits, tubers of Zehneria marlothii are used to chase away evil spirits. They are chopped and placed into cold or hot water. H(201) evil spirits, the solution is used to sprinkle around the house and home to cast away the evil spirits
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : phekolola (Setswana)
Ziziphus mucronata Willd. subsp. Mucronata
Official name : Ziziphus mucronata Willd. subsp. Mucronata
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) toothache, bark Ziziphus mucronata subsp.mucronata is boiled in water and the mixture is used for gargling and washing mouth
Region : South Africa
Country : Botswana (village de Gaborone)
Vernacular name : mokgalo (Setswana), buffalo thorn (English)