Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

Search |  Practical Guide |  Contact |  Authors |  Disclaimer

Reference : HW 10

Author(s) : Weiss. E. A.
Title : Some indigenous plants used domestically by East african costal fishermen Economic Botany, 33, 1,. pp. 35-51, (1979) http://www.springerlink.com/content/044148858871586m/
Reference HW 10 has information about 44 plants :
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : V(106)
Recipes : V(106) the dry pulp of Adansonia digitata. burns with an offensive and irritating smoke, and was used as a fty repellant near stock bomas and as a hut fumigant
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : baobab (English), mbuvu (Swahili), jak, (Boni), muru (Bajun)
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(093), H(106)
Recipes : H(093) antidote, it is a common belief that an antidote to the arrow poison produced from Strophanthus spp can be obtained from the bark of Adansonia digitata
H(106) repellant, the dry pulp burns with an offensive and irritating smoke, and was used as a fty repellant near stock bomas and as a hut fumigant
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : baobab (English), mbuvu (Swahili), jak (Boni), muru (Bajun)
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Official name : Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Nerium obesum Forssk. , Adenium somalense var. crispum Chiov. , Adenium honghel A.DC.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) poison used on arrows and in fishing can be obtained from the pulp of the tap-root of Adenium obesum and a more efficient (cardiac) poison is obtained from the seeds.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mdagu, wanja (Swahili), mwadiga (Duruma), sarba arba ( Boran),
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Official name : Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roemer & Schultes
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Nerium obesum Forssk. , Adenium somalense var. crispum Chiov. , Adenium honghel A.DC.
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) poison used on arrows and in fishing can be obtained from the pulp of the tap-root of Adenium obesum and a more efficient (cardiac) poison is obtained from the seeds.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mdagu, wanja (Swahili), mwadiga (Duruma), sarba arba.( Boran)
Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Official name : Albizia anthelmintica Brongn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) bark infusion of Albizia anthelmintica is used as an anthelmintic
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mpojoro, mtikiti (Swahili), hobocho (Boni), mfuleta (Zigua), hawacho ( Boran)
Aloe sp.
Official name : Aloe sp.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(100), H(104)
Recipes : H(003) leaves or their mucilage of Aloe sp.as a hot poultice to relieve swellings
H(100), an unspecified concoction was also used to treat gonorrhoea.
H(104) the roots are believed to promote regular movement of the bowels, but this statement was often modified by adding that only certain women collected them for this purpose
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : msubili, kisimamleo, msubiri mwitu (Swahili)
Aneilema aequinoctiale (P.Beauv.) G.Don
Official name : Aneilema aequinoctiale (P.Beauv.) G.Don
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(108)
Recipes : H(108) An infusion of the non-flowering plant of Aneilema aequinoctiale was said to relieve colds, but an old man said he remembered "long ago" it was powdered and taken like snuff for the same
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : jaja, sometimes kongwa or kongwa mwitu (Swahili)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(092), H(104), H(175)
Recipes : H(092). In certain areas , the roots of Annona senegalensis are said to be poisonous if eaten.
H(104) roots of Annona chrysophylla are cut into pieces and boiled to produce an extract used in the treatment of stomach-ache.
H(175) the hot pulp is used for poultices
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : wild custard apple (English), mkonokono mwitu (Swahili), mbokwe (Digo), malamute (Boni)
Aristolochia petersiana Klotzsch
Official name : Aristolochia petersiana Klotzsch
Family : Aristolochiaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020), widely believed, not only on the coast, to provide an antidote for snakebite, ONS., RNS.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mtangwa mwiyi (Swahili), lunkulwe (Zigua)
Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Official name : Cadaba farinosa Forssk.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(108), H(201)
Recipes : H(108) infusion of the Ieaves of Cadaba farinosa is heated and inhaled to clear the head of colds.
H(201) also used as part of the treatment for persons said to be possessed of evil spirits.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : kibaazi mwitu, mvunja fumo (Swahili), keunya (Boni), khaddi (Boran)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(175)
Recipes : H(175) a poultice is made from a heated wad of leaves of Cassia occidentalis
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : stinking weed (English), (Swahili), mnuka uvundo, mrambazi (Zanzibar, kunde nvika), msalafu (Duruma)
Cleome strigosa (Bojer) Oliv.
Official name : Cleome strigosa (Bojer) Oliv.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(095)
Recipes : H(095) leaves are used as a vegetable.
. H(053) leaf decoction was formerly used to ease earache pain.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mwaangu, mkabila (Swahili)
Commelina africana L.
Official name : Commelina africana L.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), on Zanzibar was Commelina. benghalensis used specifically for the relief of eye injuries.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : kongwa or mpovupovu (Swahili)
Croton sylvaticus Hoschst. ex Krauss
Official name : Croton sylvaticus Hoschst. ex Krauss
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(082), H(104)
Recipes : H(082), H(104), a root infusion of Croton sylvaticus is taken internally for stomach disorders and respiratory infections
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : msinduzi (Swahili), kimili, (Boni), keirtata (Sanya), msandusi (Duruma)
Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) root of Dalbergia melanoxylon decoction was taken as a tonic when sick
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : african blackwood. african ebony.(English), mpingo (Swahili), samachi (Boni), mboranguluwe (Digo)
Datura metel L.
Official name : Datura metel L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Datura alba Nees , Datura fastuosa L.
Symptoms : H(082), H(092)
Recipes : H(082), the leaves and flowers of Datura metel are dried and used to relieve respiratory congestion, being either rolled in rough cigarettes or placed on embers and the smoke inhaled
H(082), one local herbalist at Bagarnoyo , Tanzania, used a small brazier and placed a cloth over it and the head of the person being treated
H(092), the toxic nature of Datura metel is widely known, and it has been used for criminal poisoning in many parts of East Africa. An infusion of the leaves and stem, sometimes the ftowers, is used.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : thorn apple (English), (plant) mnanaha . (fruits) kidyungu (Swahili)
Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020), a pod of Dichrostachys cinerea infusion is drunk to ease the pain from scorpion stings. I was also told that a poultice of the boiled pods was applied to scorpion stings and snake-bites
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mfunga nyumba, mkingiri, mkulajembe (Swahili), mukingili (Sanya), nsativu (Boni), jireme ( Boran)
Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana
Official name : Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), leaves of Dissotis rotundifolia are chewed to relieve coughing
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : kichinja uthia (Swahili)
Grewia villosa Willd.
Official name : Grewia villosa Willd.
Family : Tiliaceae
Synonyms : Grewia echinulata Del.
Symptoms : H(001), H(003)
Recipes : H(001), H(003), a compress of leaves of Grewia villosa was used to reduce facial swellings, and was said to be especially good for sore or swollen eyes.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mukorobasho (Swahili), mkurobosho (Bajun), gomesha (Somali)
Heeria mucronata Bernh.
Official name : Heeria mucronata Bernh.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, infusion of the roots of Heeria mucronata, VO, (Shimha Hills)
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mbarajao, mvunja-hukumu (Swahili), msalasanga (Digo), wurnehu (Sanya), mukuikwaiyu (Giriama)
Heeria reticulata (Bak. f.) Engl.
Official name : Heeria reticulata (Bak. f.) Engl.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa reticulata (Baker f.) R. Fern. & A. Fern. , Ozoroa insignis subsp. reticulata (Baker f.) J.B.Gillett
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, infusion of the roots of Heeria reticulata, VO, (Shimha Hills)
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mbarajao, mvunja-hukumu (Swahili), msalasanga (Digo), wurnehu (Sanya), mukuikwaiyu (Giriama)
Kigelia aethiopum (Fenzl) Dandy.
Official name : Kigelia aethiopum (Fenzl) Dandy.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(201)
Recipes : H(095) the sliced, roasted fruit of Kigelia aethiopum was added to native beer to make it more potent
H(201) the fruit of Kigelia aethiopum was used by "bad people" to cast spells
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : sausage tree (English), mvungavunga, mkungati, mwegea (Swahili), muratini (Giriama), shelole (Boni)
Lasiosiphon latifolius (Oliv.) Bren.
Official name : Lasiosiphon latifolius (Oliv.) Bren.
Family : Thymelaeaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) poison, young leaves of Lasiosiphon latifolius are said to be used by witchdoctors to produce poison.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : kinyunywa, mwata (Swahili), mpawe (Duruma), madiddi (Boni)
Lobelia fervens Thunb.
Official name : Lobelia fervens Thunb.
Family : Lobeliaceae
Symptoms : H(003)
Recipes : H(003) the whole plant of Lobelia fervens is crushed and mixed with coconut oil to form a poultice to reduce swellings
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : kinwale, kisambali (Swahili)
Maerua angolensis DC.
Official name : Maerua angolensis DC.
Family : Capparaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(103), H(108)
Recipes : H(092), the fruit of Maerua angolensis is considered poisonous.
H(103), H(108), a root infusion was taken to ease toothache and for the relief of colds.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mtunguru (Swahili), galagacha ( Boran), hamaloshi (Somali)
Manilkara sulcata (Engl.) Dubard
Official name : Manilkara sulcata (Engl.) Dubard
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) It was said that a fruit of Manilkara sulcata extract could counteract the effects of snakebite , several had bought medicine locally, said to contain il. to reduce the pain and swelling resulting from stings and snakebite.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : inchambiji., mchedi. Meteweji (Swahili), kuraga (Sanya), mkuraki (Bajun), niuchedizi (Giriama), kurag (Boni)
Monodora grandidieri Baill.
Official name : Monodora grandidieri Baill.
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) extract from the roots of Monodora grandidiera was reputedly anthelmintic
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mganda simba, mkilua mwitu (Swahili), mserere (Giriama), mkere (Digo)
Nymphaea capensis Thunb.
Official name : Nymphaea capensis Thunb.
Family : Nymphaeaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(104)
Recipes : H(037) the juice of raw leaves of Nymphaea capensis to ease chest conditions
H(104) underwater stems are used for stomach ailments
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : blue water lily (English), makula, myungiyungi (Swahili)
Ocimum americanum L.
Official name : Ocimum americanum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(106)
Recipes : H(104), a leaf infusion of Ocimum americanum is used for stomach complaints
H(106) the whole dried plant is burnt in huts at night as a mosquito repellent
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mosquito bush (English), kinuka or kivumbasi (Swahili)
Phyllanthus sp.
Official name : Phyllanthus sp.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(033), H(139)
Recipes : H(033) fertility, H(139) aphrodisiac, roots of Phyllanthus sp.. are used in potions, only a few old persons around Kilifi, Kenya, were aware of it
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mkamba mwitu (Swahili)
Premna chrysoclada (Bojer) Gürke
Official name : Premna chrysoclada (Bojer) Gürke
Family : Verbanaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(051)
Recipes : H(006) root infusion of Premna chrysoclada was used as a purgative, and to treat H(051) fevers.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : muvumo, mvuma nyuki (Swahili), muruma (Giriama)
Rauvolfia mannii Stapf
Official name : Rauvolfia mannii Stapf
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(003), H(013), H(092), H(104), H(199)
Recipes : H(003) leaves of Rauvolfia mombasiana as poultices on swel!ings
H(013) skin conditions, H(104) stomach pains, H(199) V.D., preparations made from the roots of Rauwolfia mombasiana , RNS. and and were also used as a H(092) poison
H(000) preparations of the inner bark were used for herbal remedies
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mboza mkali (Swahili), kihere (Boni), mumasia (Giriama)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) laxative, oil obtained from the seeds of Ricinus communis as laxative and as a constituent of many herbal remedies when an oily paste is required
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : castor oil plant (English), (plant) mbarika, (seeds) mbono (Swahili)
Rinorea elliptica (Oliv.) Kuntze
Official name : Rinorea elliptica (Oliv.) Kuntze
Family : Violaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020) antidote to snakebite, the Giriama say that a preparation from the roots of Rinorea elliptica is effective as an , but that the method of preparation and use is a secret.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mshunduri (Swahili), kara ( Boran)
Royena macrocalyx (Klotzsch) Gürke
Official name : Royena macrocalyx (Klotzsch) Gürke
Family : Ebenaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : An unspecified part of the plant was said to be used in snakebite remedies in the Kwale area of Kenya.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mdaa (Swahili), mkuruponya (Giriama)
Schizozygia coffaeoides Baill.
Official name : Schizozygia coffaeoides Baill.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(092)
Recipes : H(014) skin disease, from roots and/or bark of Schizozygia coffaeoides, mix with oil.
H(092) poison, fruits are very dangerous
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mwango, mpelepele (Swahili), mkururu (Rufiji).
Synadenium sp.
Official name : Synadenium sp.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(013), H(092)
Recipes : H(003),H(013) the latex of Synadenium sp. was used as a poultice to reduce boils and swellings.
H(092) the latex was used as a fish poison on the North Kenya coast
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : kinyunyu (Swahili), tupa (Digo), tiha (Giriama)
Synadenium sp.
Official name : Synadenium sp.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) the latex of Synadenium sp. was used as a fish poison on the North Kenya coast
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : kinyunyu (Swahili), tupa (Digo), tiha (Giriama)
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(006), H(051)
Recipes : H(006), H(051) the brown pods of Tamarindus indica resemble a thin sausage and contain up to ten seeds in an acid pulp used into a drink for alleviating fevers, and a laxative for children
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : tamarind tree (English), mkwaja (Lamu msisi) (Swahili), ukwaju (Bajun), raka (Sanya), hamar (Somali)
Tarenna graveolens (S.Moore) Bremek.
Official name : Tarenna graveolens (S.Moore) Bremek.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(143), H(137)
Recipes : H(013), H(143), H(137), the ground wood of Tarenna graveolens was made into poultices to treat ulcers, sores and smallpox lesions
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mliwa (Swahili), mfuidzo-fuidzo (Digo)
Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Official name : Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), leaves and young shoots of Toddalia asiatica are sometimes pounded and used for stomach disorders
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : wait-a-bit thorn (English), kikutcha (Swahili), kikucha (Sanya), kikomse-cha-chui (Dogo)
Trichilia emetica Vahl
Official name : Trichilia emetica Vahl
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Trichilia roka (Forssk.) Chiov
Symptoms : H(055)
Recipes : H(055) source of an emetic, which is prepared from the ground bar kof Trichilia emetica. On the coast, preparation of this powder was considered to be a specialist occupation, as too strong a mixture was known to be poisonous.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
Vernacular name : mnwamaji. mitimaji (Swahili), mudimadi. nyamadze (Digo), anona (Boran)
Warburgia stuhlmannii Engl
Official name : Warburgia stuhlmannii Engl
Family : Canellaceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113), the inner bark of Warburgia stuhlmannii is stripped, powdered and used as a plaster to ease aches and joint pains.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mkaa (Swahili)
Xeromphis spp.
Official name : Xeromphis spp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(100)
Recipes : H(100) well known among many tribes for the treatment of gonorrhoea.
H(092) bark extract is used for poisoning.
Region : East Africa (Costal regions)
Country : Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vernacular name : mtengeji (Swahili), mgojama (Sanya), mdasha (Zigua)