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Reference : HA 29 c

Author(s) : Tanno, T.
Title : The Mbuti Pygmies and the Bira farmers in the Ituri forest of north-eastern Zaire, around Mawambo and Teturi villages (N 1.0', E 29.10', alt. c. 1000 m), Zone de Mambasa, Region de Haut-Zaire in : AFLORA on the Web (http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Reference HA 29 c has information about 31 plants :
Alstonia boonei De Wild
Official name : Alstonia boonei De Wild
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(203)
Recipes : H(004) the white sap of Alstonia boonei is used for wounds.
H(203) to make a dog bell, a honey container, a canoe, a drum and so on are made of the wood.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ekimo (BIllbra, Mbuti)
Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Official name : Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the plant of Anchomanes difformis is used to make arrow poison.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : sikili (Bira, Mbuti), asikpi (Bira, Mbuti)
Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Official name : Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), the plant of Anchomanes difformis is used to make arrow poison.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : sikili (Bira, Mbuti), asikpi (Bira, Mbuti)
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : V(201), the plant is used for making a magical medicine for net hunting
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : sisa (BIRA, MBUTI)
Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Official name : Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Sterculia acuminata P. Beauv.
Symptoms : H(091), H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the crushed seeds or sometimes the bark is decocted into tea; the fruit of "ngbbaku" are decocted together; honey is added when available; people often chewlittle pieces of the seed as a tonic, which taste very bitter,( iko, sonbou , moko (Mbuti)
H(091), the purple-colored nuts in the pods are eaten raw as stimulnat. Also, they are pounded with Solanum fruit and red pepper, and mixed with warm water to make very bitter and hot drink), eme (Efe)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : liko (BIRA, MBUTI)| sombou (BIRA, MBUTI)
Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(100), H(104), H(112)
Recipes : H(100), H(104), H(112) the bark is the medicine for bellyaches, for venereal disease, and for abortion; They chip it and decoct to liquid.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ekanyakamgba (Bira , Mbuti )
Dracaena sp.
Official name : Dracaena sp.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(000)
Recipes : H(000), the pounded bark is drunk with sugar cane juice for empty stomach
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Equator)
Vernacular name : bolese (Bongando) (Ngandu)
Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Official name : Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan
Symptoms : H(092), H(201)
Recipes : H(092), the juice of the root bark is used for arrow poison. According to Verdcourt & Trump (1969), the bark of this tree is very poisonous and was formerly widely employed throughout Africa
H(201), a magical medicine for , illness due to food taboo
H(201), the decocted root bark is the medicine to divine a socerer.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : tafa (Bira, Mbuti)
Flueggea microcarpa Blume
Official name : Flueggea microcarpa Blume
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) The plant is used for wounds (details unknown).
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi Ituri Forest)
Vernacular name : njima (Bira, Mbuti)
Gouania longispicata Engl.
Official name : Gouania longispicata Engl.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) + H(201), the juice from the winee is poured on a baby just after birth, so that it may grow healthy
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ekundyakoda (Mbuti)
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(104)
Recipes : H(000), barks, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amangonji (Bira , Mbuti )
Kalanchoe crenata (Andr.) Haw.
Official name : Kalanchoe crenata (Andr.) Haw.
Family : Crassulaceae
Symptoms : H(121)
Recipes : H(121), the leaf is used for a salve
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Equator)
Vernacular name : yoki (Bongando) (Ngandu)
Landolphia sp.
Official name : Landolphia sp.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the fruit is eaten raw. The reddish flesh is swallowed together with the seed inside
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amedede (Bira , Mbuti )
Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg
Official name : Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Chlorophora excelsa (Welw) Benth. & Hook.
Symptoms : H(014), H(203)
Recipes : H(014) eczema juice of Chlorophora excelsa, local application
H(203) juice as tincture
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : epunga (Bira, Mbuti)
Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name : Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the leaves of njombo are boiled in water, sometimes mixed with palm oil, and eaten as relish.
H(095), the leaves of boo are cooked and eaten
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : njombo (Bira , Mbuti )
Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Official name : Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) the fruit of Myrianthus holstiiare eaten as favourites.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bembekenye (Bira, Mbuti)
Parinari excelsa Sabine
Official name : Parinari excelsa Sabine
Family : Chrysobalanaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(000), bark, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Equator)
Vernacular name : bongoli (Bongando) (Ngandu)
Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Official name : Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Parquetina gabonica Baill.
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), the plant is used as the main material of arrow poison called "mutali"; the bast is cut into fragments with several other plants, then poisonous liquid is squeezed out of the macerated chips; the poisonous liquid is applied to the tips of arrow-shaf
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mutali (Bira , Mbuti )
Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Official name : Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hérit.
Family : Phytolaccaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), the pounded leaf is used for eye lotion
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Equator)
Vernacular name : lisingo(Bongando) (Ngandu)
Piper umbellatum L.
Official name : Piper umbellatum L.
Family : Piperaceae
Synonyms : Piper subpeltatum Willd.
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201), the plant is used as a magical medicine for hunting, called "sisa"
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : udokomu (BIRA, MBUTI)
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), fruits, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mapela (Bira , Mbuti )
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(104)
Recipes : H(092) The plant is used to make arrow poison
H(104), the decoction of the root bark is a medicine for bellyaches. People say that white men formerly came to buy the root barks for making some medicines.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bakatiyobamiki (Bira, Mbuti)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(202)
Recipes : H(202) the oil squeezed from the seeds is rubbed on the body after bathing in a stream.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi Ituri Forest)
Vernacular name : jele (Bira, Mbuti)
Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) Dur. & Schinz
Official name : Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) Dur. & Schinz
Family : Poaceae
Synonyms : Setaria chevalieri Stapf
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : H(020), the plant is used for snake bite; the root is roasted with the leaves of "sasane" into charcoal, then applied to the infected area
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ngangalu (Bira , Mbuti )
Solanum nigrum L.
Official name : Solanum nigrum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum judaicum Bess
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), It is said that the leaves serve as food.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ngoua (Bira , Mbuti )
Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Official name : Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(031)
Recipes : H(000), the bark of " auau, akuaku" is boiled in water and used for an enema "alipa"
H(001), the juice of " auau, akuaku" squeesed from the buds is dropped in the eyes as medicine.
H(004), the powdered barkof of "njolo" is applied to a wound
H(013) , the bark of "njolo" is roasted and the charcoal is powdered and applied to skin rashed
H(091), the bark of " auau, akuaku" is simply soaked in water and the decoction is drunk as medicine for increasing blood and strength
H(104), the bark of "njolo" decoction is drunk as medicine for stomachache
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : njolo (Bira , Mbuti )
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the leaves of Tephrosia vogelii are used to make fishing poison.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bappi (Bira, Mbuti)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(092), the leaves of Tephrosia vogelii are used to make fishing poison.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bappi (Bira, Mbuti)
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Official name : Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(095), V(207)
Recipes : V(095) The legume is used to make fish poison.
H(207) The dried legumes are burnt to fumigate the nets in the smoke so that they will catch game well.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi Ituri Forest)
Vernacular name : sekeseke (Bira, Mbuti)
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Official name : Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(207)
Recipes : H(095) The legume is used to make fish poison.
H(207) The dried legumes are burnt to fumigate the nets in the smoke so that they will catch game well.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi Ituri Forest)
Vernacular name : sekeseke (Bira, Mbuti)
Tetrorchidium didymostemon (Baill.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Official name : Tetrorchidium didymostemon (Baill.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) the plant of Tetrorchidium didymostemon is used as a purgative, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Teturi Ituri Forest)
Vernacular name : esweswe (Bira, Mbuti)