Prelude Medicinal Plants Database

Search |  Practical Guide |  Contact |  Authors |  Disclaimer

Reference : HA 29 e

Author(s) : M. Ichikawa
Title : The Mbuti Pygmies in the Ituri forest of north-eastern Zaire, around Katala and Mawambo village (N 1.0', E 29.10', alt. c. 1000 m), Zone de Mambasa, Region de Haut-Zaire in : AFLORA on the Web (http://130.54.103.36/aflora.nsf) The database of traditional plant utilization in AfricaCenter for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Reference HA 29 e has information about 70 plants :
Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum laurentii (De Wild. & T.Durand) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(203)
Recipes : H(095) white juicy parts around seeds in red fruit of Aframomum laurentii are eaten raw. The fruit is specially called tundu
H(203) Aframomum laurentii is used as construction material of the semi-circular hut of the Mbuti.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amekpi (Mbuti)
Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Official name : Aframomum sanguineum (K. Schum.) K. Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Synonyms : Aframomum hanburyi K. Schum. , Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum.
Symptoms : H(095), H(203)
Recipes : H(095) white juicy parts around seeds in red fruit of Aframomum sanguineum are eaten raw. The fruit is specially called tundu
H(203) Aframomum sanguineum is used as construction material of the semi-circular hut of the Mbuti.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ngemoa (Mbuti)
Alangium chinense (Lour.) Harms
Official name : Alangium chinense (Lour.) Harms
Family : Alangiaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(095)
Recipes : H(092) the bark and root are highly toxic, but the medical use is not confirmed in the Ituri forest
H(095), the caterpillars (basoko) which feed on the leaves of this tree are roasted or boiled and eaten
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : lubese, busele (Mbuti)
Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Official name : Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(095)
Recipes : H(092) the bark of Albizia gummifera is powdered and pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison
H(095) The flowers are nector source.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Ituri, Mawanbo, Mambasa, Haut-Zaire)
Vernacular name : kamgba (Mbuti)
Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Official name : Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(139)
Recipes : H(091), H(139) The bark is used as medicine for strength, particularly for sexual power.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : kamgba (Efe)
Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Official name : Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) the bark of Albizia gummifera is powdered and pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Ituri, Mawanbo, Mambasa, Haut-Zaire)
Vernacular name : kamgba (Mbuti)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(008), H(092), H(104)
Recipes : H(008), the young leaves of Alchornea cordifolia are pounded and soaked in water, and the decoction is drunk to cure diarrhea (Bumba, Selanbongo).
H(092) The root of Alchornea cordifolia is pounded together with other plants to make arrow poison (Bumba, IFM), but this information is denied by Selanbongo, another Mbutiman of 50's.
H(104) The root is soaked in water and the decoction is drunk to cure stomach disorder (Selanbongo)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : epese (Mbuti)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) the root of Alchornea cordifolia is pounded together with other plants to make arrow poison (Bumba), but this information is denied by Selanbongo, another Mbutiman of 50's.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : epese (Mbuti)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(201), H(207), H(211)
Recipes : H(201), H(207) the green twig with leaves of Alchornea cordifolia are put around the waist of a hunter as "rianga", ritual medicine for hunting.
H(211) The leaves are dried and smoked as a substitute of tobacco.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : popo (Efe)
Alstonia boonei De Wild
Official name : Alstonia boonei De Wild
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(104)
Recipes : H(008), H(1004) The sap from the trunk of Alstonia boonei is taken as medicine for stomach disorder and for diarrhea. Also the sap is used for enema.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : aima , akima, mukpo (Efe)
Alstonia congensis Engl.
Official name : Alstonia congensis Engl.
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Alstonia gilletii De Wild.
Symptoms : H(051), H(104)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, H(104) stomachache. The bark is soaked or boiled in water and the decoction is drunk as a medicine for stomach disorder, stomachache and paludism.
H(104) the sap is drunk as medicine for stomachache
H(203) as the wood is soft and easy to work, it is used for making a canoe
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ekima , ekimo (Buti)
Amaranthus hybridus L.
Official name : Amaranthus hybridus L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Amaranthus caudatus L.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), leaves are boiled and eaten as relish
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : kpedekpede, ( means "to be soft" ) (Mbuti)
Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Official name : Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Family : Gentianaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) the leaves , bark, or root of Anthocleista grandiflora are pounded together with other plants to make arrow poison.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mukpou (Efe)
Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Official name : Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg
Family : Gentianaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) the leaves, bark, or root of Anthocleista grandiflora are pounded together with other plants to make arrow poison.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mukpou (Efe)
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Official name : Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baillon
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(092), H(095)
Recipes : H(000), the bark is boiled in water and red-brownish decoction (H2O) is used as enema
H(095), caterpillars (also called enjeku) on the leaves of the tree are eaten roasted. Available August through October
H(092), according to some Mbuti, the inner side of the bark is powdered and pounded together with other plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : enjeku (Mbuti).The caterpillars feeding on the leaves are also called <enjeku>
Celtis philippensis Blanco
Official name : Celtis philippensis Blanco
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Celtis brownii Rendle , Celtis prantlii Priemer ex Engl.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), caterpillars feeding on this plant are eaten. The edible caterpillars generally called "ati" or "basoko"
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : arubese (Efe)
Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Official name : Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(187)
Recipes : H(187) The flowers are pounded and rubbed into the incision made on the knees of a crawling child (mikilimakalungo), the remaining being thrown toward sunset direction, so that it may begin to walk soon
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amangulo (Mbuti)
Cissus adenocaulis Steud. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Cissus adenocaulis Steud. ex A. Rich.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) the root of Cissus adenocaulis is pounded and applied to a boil (bimba). After a few day, a lot of pus comes out and the boil is cured
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mbanda (Mbuti)
Cissus aralioides (Baker) Planch.
Official name : Cissus aralioides (Baker) Planch.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) the root of Cissus aralioides is used for making an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amasongosongo (Mbuti)
Cissus aralioides (Baker) Planch.
Official name : Cissus aralioides (Baker) Planch.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(094), H(202)
Recipes : H(092) the root of Cissus aralioides is used for making an arrow poison
H(094) the bark of Cissus aralioides is powdered and applied to piles (amakombo)
H(202), the bark is powdered and soaked in water, and the decoction is put into an ear, so that earwax may come out
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amasongosongo (Mbuti)
Clerodendrum johnstonii Oliv.
Official name : Clerodendrum johnstonii Oliv.
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091), the root of Clerodendrum johnstoni is roasted and powdered and rubbed into incisions made on the ankles of infants, so that they may begin walking earlier.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mundelu-mundelu (Efe)
Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Official name : Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Sterculia acuminata P. Beauv.
Symptoms : H(091), H(095)
Recipes : H(091), the nut is chewed to enjoy its stimulus.
H(095), the nut is squashed with small Solamum indicum fruits and Caspicum, and brew to drink like tea
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : iko, sonbou , moko (Mbuti), eme (Efe)
Commelina sp.
Official name : Commelina sp.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022) the whole plant is used for easy deliverly. The ash of the plant is rubbed into the cuts made on the waste of pregnant women.
The flower is attached to the head as an ornament
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : telutelu : Efe
Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum bumbense S. Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Crassocephalum montuosum (S. Moore) Milne-Redh.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), soft leaves are eaten.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : esiidi (Mbuti)
Desmodium repandum (Vahl) DC.
Official name : Desmodium repandum (Vahl) DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201), ritual medicine for girl, called "isuba" in general. The root is burned and rubbed into incisions made on the forehead, "adiri", or in the pit of the stomach, "burukeki".
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : anjoba, medingofe (Efe)
Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Official name : Dichrostachys glomerata (Forssk.) Chiov.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(031), H(104), H(112)
Recipes : H(095), edible gun
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ekanya (Mbuti)
Dioscorea sp.
Official name : Dioscorea sp.
Family : Dioscoreaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the tubers are boiled and eaten, Mawanbo, Mambasa , Ituri (Mbuti)
H(095), the yellow-colored tubers are eaten. They are first boiled, and peeled and sliced into thin pieces, then soaked in cold running water for 3 days for removing toxic the substance, Nduye, Zone of Mamabasa, Ituri (Efe)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Mawanbo, zone of Mamabasa, Ituri)
Vernacular name : endika (Mbuti), datu (Efe)
Dissotis trothae Gilg
Official name : Dissotis trothae Gilg
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(201)
Recipes : H(091), the unripe fruit of Dissotis trothae is soaked in water and the decoction is used for washing the baby so that it may become strong.
H(201) the fruit is said to be eaten by the supernatural being of the Efe "tore".
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : torebonbon (Efe)
Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Official name : Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan
Symptoms : H(165)
Recipes : H(165), medicine for "eke" , an acute disease peculiar to children. The bark is ground and mixed with ohe barkpowder and put into the nostril of the child suffering from the disease of "eke"
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : anjoafa(Efe)
Ficus exasperata Vahl
Official name : Ficus exasperata Vahl
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), the bark is powdered and pounded withother plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Ituri)
Vernacular name : masawa (Mbuti)
Ficus vogelii (Miq.) Miq.
Official name : Ficus vogelii (Miq.) Miq.
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus baronii Baker , Ficus lutea Vahl
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(203) The bark of Ficus vogelii is used for making barkcloth. The bark is stripped and soaked in water for a day or two until it becomes soft. Then, it is beaten with ivory hammer (korya) or wooden hammer (manjoa) for several hours until it is thinned and elongated for 3-4 times. After dried, it is colored with the (black) juice of Rothmannia whitfieldii (ebimbe), yellow palm oil and reddish-brown camwood, ndo (Pterocarpus dried heartwood)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : pongopongo, bumbau (Mbuti)
Gouania longispicata Engl.
Official name : Gouania longispicata Engl.
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(201)
Recipes : H(091), they cut this thick woody winee and make young children drink the juice dripping from the cut end so that they grow strong.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ngoliobakpetu (Mbuti), vernacular means literally "vine of squirrels"
Grewia sp.
Official name : Grewia sp.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(027y), H(095)
Recipes : H(027y), according some Mbuti, the bark is used as medicine for a woman just after delivery
H(095), the flowers are nector source.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bulebe (Mbuti), mure'a , mureka (Efe)
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(104)
Recipes : H(014), H(104), the bark is a medicine for abdominal disease and for eczema or rash.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amangonji (Mbuti)
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Official name : Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(104)
Recipes : H(051x) when boiled in water, the bark decoction turns to reddish-yellow, which is used as enema for curing yellow-fever (matoli)
H(104) the bark decoction is used for curing stomach disorder
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Ituri, Mawanbo, Mambasa, Haut-Zaire)
Vernacular name : amangonji (Mbuti)
Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) DC.
Official name : Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) DC.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) according some Mbuti, the leaves of Khaya anthotheca are used for making an arrow poison
The wood is used for making a durable canoe. Also the plank is of a commercial value.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ngina (Mbuti)
Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) DC.
Official name : Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) DC.
Family : Meliaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) according some Mbuti, the leaves of Khaya anthotheca are used for making an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ngina (Mbuti)
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Official name : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(096)
Recipes : H(096), the large fruit is used as medicine for the swollen testicles. The powdered bark is rubbed into incisions made on the waist to cure the swollen testicles
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : munji-munji (Mbuti), "Munji" means the testicles.
Landolphia sp.
Official name : Landolphia sp.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), fruits, RNS.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : amedede (Mbuti)
Leea guineensis G. Don
Official name : Leea guineensis G. Don
Family : Leeaceae
Symptoms : H(135), H(201)
Recipes : H(135) the leaves and fruit are pounded and boiled, and the decoction is used as an enema to cure amanbeeko, a disease of swelling stomach caused by eating too many kinds of food
H(201) the leaves are put at the cut end of a raffia-palm in the hope that it may produce more palm-wine
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mokumakoko (Mbuti)
Leea guineensis G. Don
Official name : Leea guineensis G. Don
Family : Leeaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) when boiling the palm-oil fruit, one use the stick made of this tree (Leea guineensis) for stirring so that he may get more oil. A ritual medicine for producing palm-oi
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : esaesa (Efe)
Momordica foetida Schumach.
Official name : Momordica foetida Schumach.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Momordica schimperiana Naud.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the leaves serve as food for man
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : njombo (Mbuti), boo (Efe)
Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Official name : Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) The bark is pounded together with various other plants to make arrow-poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mbwembwe (Mbuti)
Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Official name : Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(166)
Recipes : H(095) The small fruit is eaten raw.
H(166), the bark is ground and roasted, then mixed with salt, after which it is licked as medicine for stopping hiccup (called "sikide")
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : awa-awa, kawakawa (Efe)
Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Official name : Myrianthus holstii Engl.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(095)
Recipes : H(092) The bark is pounded together with various other plants to make arrow-poison
H(095) he orange-yellow colored fruit of Myrianthus holstii is eaten raw
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mbwembwe (Mbuti)
Olax subscorpioidea Oliv.
Official name : Olax subscorpioidea Oliv.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(033), H(201)
Recipes : H(033) the powder of the root of Olax subscorpioidea is rubbed into the female's waist, so that she may become pregnant.
H(201) Medicine for attracting girls. The root is ground and rubbed into an icision so that girls may be attracted
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : kulanda-sima (Efe)
Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Official name : Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) Bullock
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Parquetina gabonica Baill.
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), mutare (Mbuti), Inner bark is pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison. While many plants are mixed when making an arrow poison, this winee is considered to be the most effective, others being considered just to strengthen the effect of this plant
H(092), (k)oro(k)u(k)o (Efe), the inner bark of the winee is pounded, mixed with other plants, then black tar-like juice is squeezed, then applied to arrowheads, made of the ribs of raffia palm leaves.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mutare (Mbuti), (k)oro(k)u(k)o (Efe), Vernacular means vine ("kuko") of arrow poison ("oro"), for which it is used.
Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Official name : Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) the seeds of Pentaclethra macrophylla are cooked and eaten (OBS). 1) First, the seeds are boiled, the skin removed and sliced into thin pieces. 2) Second, boiled again with ashes and washed in cold water. 3) Third, smashed in a mortar and wrapped with Marantaceae leaves and baked in a hearth. Observed at Mataha Camp, Teturi in Septrmber, 1987.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Ituri, Mawanbo, Mambasa, Haut-Zaire)
Vernacular name : kbeka (Mbuti)
Pentas sp.
Official name : Pentas sp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018), the juice squeezed from the leaves is applied to eyes to cure headache. But this usage is known only by a few Mbuti
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : munoka (Mbuti)
Piper umbellatum L.
Official name : Piper umbellatum L.
Family : Piperaceae
Synonyms : Piper subpeltatum Willd.
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201), the plant "budokomu" is said to be the medicine of witches (dawa ya mulozi) by the Bira, but this is not confirmed among the MbutiH(201), the plant is used as a magical medicine for hunting, called "sisa"
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : budokomu (Mbuti)
Pouzolzia denudata De Wild. & Th. Dur.
Official name : Pouzolzia denudata De Wild. & Th. Dur.
Family : Urticaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the leaves are boiled and eaten as relish
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ndelia (Mbuti), the vernacular derives from the sticky nature (ndelia) of the plant.
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(104)
Recipes : H(092), The bark is powdered and pounded together with other plants to make an arrow poison
H(104) the bark is soaked in water and the decoction is drunk as medicine for stomach disorder
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : masisi (Mbuti)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(022)
Recipes : H(022), the leaves are soaked in water and pounded in water, and the dark decoction is drunk by a woman in labor so that the delivery may become easy
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : njele (Mbuti)
Rubus apetalus Poir.
Official name : Rubus apetalus Poir.
Family : Rosaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the fruit is eaten raw
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : kuamangongo (Mbuti), The vernacular means the "bone (=kua) of centipedes (=mangongo)". The spiny stem looks like a centipede.
Saba florida (Benth.) Bullock
Official name : Saba florida (Benth.) Bullock
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Landolphia florida Benth.
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), the pinkish red flesh around the seeds in the fruit are eaten. The flesh are swallowed with the seeds. Fruit available August through October
The latex is extracted from the cut on the winee and used for making rubber, especially for making a catapult
H(095), the reddish flesh inside the fruit is swallowed with the seeds around it. Fruit available from October through November in the Nduye area.Called "ebeiye" among the Bira-speaking Mbuti
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ebeiye (Mbuti), mataufepo (Efe), kbeka (Mbuti)
Sansevieria sp.
Official name : Sansevieria sp.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(100) gono., H(109), H(113) " ldupai-sero" root used as medicine for "kisunono"(gonorrhea), "lubai" (joint pain) and "nkorion" (backache)
H(027z), H(100) gono., H(109), root used as medicine for "kisunono" (gonorrhea), "lbai" (joint pain), "nkirotet" (bone pain), and for pregnant women; boiled with sheep fat and the soup is drunk.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ringa (Efe)
Solanum indicum L.
Official name : Solanum indicum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(095)
Recipes : H(004), the fruit is pounded and applied to a wound
H(095), the fruit is pounded with cola nuts "liko" and mixed with hot water, to made into a bitter drink, called bonborye
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ngbako (Efe)
Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Official name : Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(000), H(001), H(004), H(091), H(104)
Recipes : H(031), the decoction of the bark is used to cure pains in the waist
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : njolo (Mbuti), auau, akuaku (Efe)
Sterculia sp.
Official name : Sterculia sp.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) baby, the bark is roasted and the charcoal pounded and mixed with oil, then applied to the knees of a baby, so that it may walk earlier. Or, applied to the boby, so that it may grow well
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ubu (Efe)
Strychnos sp.
Official name : Strychnos sp.
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) the root of this Strychnos sp. has a smell of a peculia kind. It is powdered and pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : abiesulu (Efe)
Strychnos sp.
Official name : Strychnos sp.
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : V(119)
Recipes : Vcanis(119) the root is used for dog's medicine. It is powdered and put into the nostrils of a dog so that the dog may become sensitive for scent.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : saamunane (Efe)
Strychnos sp.
Official name : Strychnos sp.
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : V(119)
Recipes : Vcanis(119) the powdered root of this Strychnos sp (with a smell of a peculia kind) is put into a hunting dog's nostrils, so that it may smell well.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : abiesulu (Efe)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), the leaves are pounded and put in a stream to poralyse and kill fish
V(092), the leaves are also pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison (mutali)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bappi, ruru (Mbuti)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), the leaves are pounded and put in a stream to poralyse and kill fish
H(092), he leaves are also pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison (mutali)
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : bappi, ruru (Mbuti)
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Official name : Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) the seeds of Tetrapleura tetraptera are pounded and used for fish poisoning. Especially in the dry season when the water recedes, the pounded seeds are put in a pool to intoxicate the fish
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : sekeseke (Mbuti)
Tetrorchidium didymostemon (Baill.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Official name : Tetrorchidium didymostemon (Baill.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) when the bark of this tree (Tetrorchidium didymostemon) is stripped off, water comes out, if the water is drunk, it causes diarrhea, thus utilized as purgative.
H(006) Also the water is put on the breast of the mother whose child is suffering from constipation When the child suck's from the breast, it will soon excrete smoothly
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : esuesue (Mbuti)
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Official name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker , Trema guineensis (Schum. & Thonn. ) Ficalho
Symptoms : H(031)
Recipes : H(031) the young leaves of Trema guineensis are crumpled and rubbed on the side of the body to cure the pain
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : ekenge (Mbuti )
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), the bark is pounded together with other plants to make an arrow poison
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : mpida (Mbuti)
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) in the hollow stem of Vitex doniana live red ants which string human badly. In the circumcision rite of the Mbuti boys, the red ants are splinkled over the initiates to induce them a trial to stand with the pain
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : meabenjekwe, enjekve, (Mbuti)
Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Official name : Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Uvaria aethiopica Guil. et Pers.
Symptoms : H(092), H(210)
Recipes : H(092), the root of "sange" is pounded with other plants to make an arrow poison (mutali)
H(210), the leaves of "media'o" , "mediako", "mediakpe " are dried and mixed with the tobacco leaves and smoked as the substitute of marijuana.
Region : Central Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Nduye, zone of Mambasa, Ituri forest)
Vernacular name : sange (Mbuti)