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Reference : HA 38

Author(s) : Ajibesin, K.ola K., Benjamin.E. Ekpo, Danladi N. Bala, Etienne E. Essien, Saburi A. Adesanya
Title : Ethnobotanical survey of Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 115, pp. 387-408, (2008)
Reference HA 38 has information about 51 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin disease, juice of crushed leaves of Abrus precatorius, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : nneminua (Ibibio)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(008), H(013)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhoea, H(008) dysentery,H(013) ulcer, decoction of leaves of Achyranthes aspera, VO., 3 X / day during 7 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : udok mbiok, udok mbiet (Ibibio)
Adansonia digitata L.
Official name : Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Synonyms : Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Adansonia digitata, VO., 3 X / day till recovery
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : baobab (Ibibio)
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough,H(037) chest pain, fruit of Aframomum melegueta, chewed + sometimes with fruits of Garcinia cola
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ntenibok (Ibibio)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin disease, leaves of Alchornea cordifolia crushed in H2O, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mbom (Ibibio)
Allium cepa L.
Official name : Allium cepa L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(104), H(113), H(157)
Recipes : H(068, 118) vermifuge, H(113, ) rheumatism, H(104, 175) stomach upset , VO. 2 bulbs
H(157) convulsion, crushed bulb of Allium cepa, application on the face
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ayim (Ibibio)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(151), H(171), H(201)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, H(151) hypertension, H(171) diabetes, H(201) general debility, cloves of Allium sativum, eaten 2 cloves / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : etebe owoinu(Ibibio)
Alstonia boonei De Wild
Official name : Alstonia boonei De Wild
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism,leaves and roots of Alstonia boonei, decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ukpo (Ibibio)
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of barks of Anacardium occidentale, VO., 2 X / day till recovery
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : cashew (Ibibio)
Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Official name : Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(094)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, sap from the crushed bulb of Anchomanes difformis, local application
H(094) haemorrhoid, sap from the crushed bulb of Anchomanes difformis, VO., 1 X / day before meal for 3 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : nkokot (Ibibio)
Aspilia africana (Pers.) C.A. Adams
Official name : Aspilia africana (Pers.) C.A. Adams
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Aspilia latifolia Oliv. & Hiern
Symptoms : H(124)
Recipes : H(124) bleeding, juice from crushed leaves of Aspilia africana, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : edemeron (Ibibio)
Borreria verticillata (L.) G. F. W. Mey.
Official name : Borreria verticillata (L.) G. F. W. Mey.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Spermacoce verticillata L.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin disease, juice of crushed leaves of Borreria verticillata, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : abia ikana (Ibibio)
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Official name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng.
Symptoms : H(143)
Recipes : H(143) smallpox, seeds of Cajanus cajan, grounded, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : nkoti (Ibibio)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) diabetes, crushed leaves in H20 of Carica papaya, VO., 2 X / day
H(171) diabetes, crushed leaves in H20 of Carica papaya of Ocimum gratissimum, VO., 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : udia edi, popo, ukpod (Ibibio)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin disease, powder of leaves of Cassia alata, local application
H(014) skin disease, decoction of powder of leaves of Cassia alata, VO., 2 X / day during 5 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ndaya okon (Ibibio)
Cassia tora L.
Official name : Cassia tora L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cassia obtusifolia L. , Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin disease, powder of leaves of Cassia tora, local application
H(014) skin disease, decoction of powder of leaves of Cassia tora, VO., 2 X / day during 5 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ndaya okon (Ibibio)
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Official name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin diseases, crushed fresh stems of Cissus quadrangularis, juice in local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : oboro-uduk (Ibibio)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomach ache, juice of fruit of Citrus aurantiifolia, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mkpiri osokoro (Ibibio)
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Official name : Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Citrus limonum Risso
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, juice of fruit of Citrus limon, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : lemon (Ibibio)
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Official name : Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(046)
Recipes : H(046) measles, decoction of stem bark of Clausena anisata, VO., 4 X / day during 2 weeks
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mbiet ekpense (Ibibio)
Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Official name : Cola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Synonyms : Sterculia acuminata P. Beauv.
Symptoms : H(137)
Recipes : H(137) putrid sores, powder of cotyledons of Cola acuminata, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ibon (Ibibio)
Combretum micranthum G. Don
Official name : Combretum micranthum G. Don
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum raimbaultii Heck. , Combretum altum Perr.
Symptoms : H(078)
Recipes : H(078) cancer, infusion of roots of Combretum micranthum, VO., 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : asaka (Ibibio)
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Official name : Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Cymbopogon citratus, VO., 3 X / day during 5 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ebana, myayaha (Ibibio)
Dracaena arborea (Willd.) Link
Official name : Dracaena arborea (Willd.) Link
Family : Dracaenaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(100), H(111)
Recipes : H(013) boils, H(111) burns, juice from squezed leaves of Dracaena arborea, local application
H(100) gonorrhoea, maceration of crushed roots of Dracaena arborea in gin or soda water, VO., 3 X / day during 2 weeks
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : okono (Ibibio)
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Official name : Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family : Palmae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) boils, pericarp of palm fruit of Elaeis guineensis, peeled, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : eyop (Ibibio)
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) asthma, decoction of the whole plant of Euphorbia hirta, VO. as frequently as possible
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : etinkene ekpo(Ibibio)
Heliotropium indicum L.
Official name : Heliotropium indicum L.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(118)
Recipes : H(013) boils, H(118) sore throat, decoction of crushed leaves of Heliotropium indicum, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : otukeyin, eka esin ono, edisimon (Ibibio)
Ipomoea involucrata P. Beauv.
Official name : Ipomoea involucrata P. Beauv.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) mental illness, decoction of roots of Ipomoea involucrata, VO., 3 X / day during 2 weeks
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mkpafiafian (Ibibio)
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(014)
Recipes : H(006) laxative,H(014) skin disease, crushed seeds of Jatropha curcas to express oil, VO. 3 teaspoon once
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : eto-oko obio nsit (Ibibio)
Lonchocarpus cyanescens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Benth.
Official name : Lonchocarpus cyanescens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) boils, H(113, 137) yaw, decoction of roots of Lonchocarpus cyanescens, 2 X / day during 3 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : awa (Ibibio)
Mangifera indica L.
Official name : Mangifera indica L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, decoction of leaves of Mangifera indica, VO., 2 X / day for 3 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mango (Ibibio)
Manihot esculenta Crantz
Official name : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Manihot utilissima Pohl
Symptoms : H(001), H(014)
Recipes : H(001) conjunctivitis, crushed stems of Manihot esculenta to liberate sap, local application 2 to 2 drops once
H(014) skin disease, crushed leaves of Manihot esculenta to liberate sap, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : iwa (Ibibio)
Melanthera scandens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
Official name : Melanthera scandens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(026)
Recipes : H(026, 76) dysmenorrhoea, leaves of Melanthera scandens, crushed in H2O, VO., 2 X / day during 3 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ayara edemeron (Ibibio)
Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Official name : Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Family : Musaceae
Synonyms : Musa ×sapientum L.
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013) ulcer, decoction of leaves of Musa sapientum, VO., 3 X / day during 2 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mboro (Ibibio)
Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Official name : Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Family : Musaceae
Synonyms : Musa ×sapientum L.
Symptoms : H(046)
Recipes : H(046) measles, decayed stems of Musa paradisiaca + leaves of Talinum triangulare, mixed with local chalk to made a paste, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ukom, mbrenyon (Ibibio)
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction or infusion or macerated roots of Nauclea latifolia, VO., 3 X / day during 5 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mbom-mbon, mbon-ibon(Ibibio)
Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Official name : Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(026)
Recipes : H(013) boils, stem bark of Newbouldia laevis, boiled in sugarcane juice, VO., 3 X / day during 5 to 7 days

H(026, 138) dysmenorrhoea, leaves decoction, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : iyumo, oboti (Ibibio)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(094), H(104), H(171)
Recipes : H(094) haemorrhoid, infusion of macerated leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, internal use, 3 X / day during 5 days
H(104) stomach ache, infusion of macerated leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, VO.
H(171) diabetes, leaves of Vernonia amygdalina of Ocimum gratissimum, boiled in H2O or cooked in soup, VO., 3 X / day
H(171) diabetes, crushed leaves in H20 of Carica papaya of Ocimum gratissimum, VO., 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : nton (Ibibio)
Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Official name : Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(103), H(151)
Recipes : H(103) tooth ache, roots of Pentaclethra macrophylla cooked as soup, chewed
H(151, 84) hypertension, seeds of Pentaclethra, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ukana (Ibibio)
Persea americana Mill.
Official name : Persea americana Mill.
Family : Lauraceae
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) hypertension, powder of seeds of Persea americana, mixed in pap, VO.
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : eben mbakara (Ibibio)
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, decoction of leaves of Phyllanthus amarus, VO.4 X / day during 5 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : oyomokiso, aman keeden (Ibibio)
Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Official name : Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) mental illness, decoction of roots of Rauvolfia vomitoria, VO., 2 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ekiko (Ibibio)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(068)
Recipes : H(006) laxative, H(068) vermifuge, chewing seeds of Ricinus communis (? -toxic)
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : eto kasto, etoadan ukebbe (Ibibio)
Saccharum officinarum L.
Official name : Saccharum officinarum L.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, stems of Saccharum officinarum boiled with palm wine, VO., 4 X / day during 7 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : mboko (Ibibio)
Sida acuta Burm. f.
Official name : Sida acuta Burm. f.
Family : Malvaceae
Synonyms : Sida carpinifolia L.f. , Sida stipulata Cav.
Symptoms : H(008), H(113)
Recipes : H(008) cholera, roots of Sida acuta, decoction or infusion or maceration in H2O, VO., 3 X / day till recovery
H(113, 472) whitlow, crushed leaves of Sida acuta, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : akanawan-indipeke-isoro(Ibibio)
Spondias mombin L.
Official name : Spondias mombin L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Spondias lutea L.
Symptoms : H(008), H(094)
Recipes : H(008) dysentery, leaves of Spondias mombin, squeezed in H2O, VO., 3 X / day during 7 days
H(094, 420) haemorrhoid, powder of roots barks of Spondiasmixed with lime for 1O min., VO., 3 X / day during 5 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : nsukakara (Ibibio)
Symphonia globulifera L. f.
Official name : Symphonia globulifera L. f.
Family : Clusiaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014, 84) skin disease (cancer), leaves decoction of Symphonia globulifera, VO. 3 X / day during 7 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : efiat ndua (Ibibio)
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Official name : Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. & Thonn.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) cojunctivitis,H(014) skin disease, fruits of Tetrapleura tetraptera boiled in H2O to express oil, local application
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : uyayak (Ibibio)
Tridax procumbens L.
Official name : Tridax procumbens L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin disease, decoction of leaves of Tridax procumbens, VO., 3 X / day during 7 days
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ayara utimense (Ibibio)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(171)
Recipes : H(171) diabetes, leaves of Vernonia amygdalina of Ocimum gratissimum, boiled in H2O or cooked in soup, VO., 3 X / day
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : etidod (Ibibio)
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Official name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(097y), H(104)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(097y) catarrh, H(104) stomach ache , rhizome of Zingiber officinale, chewed
Region : West Africa
Country : Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State)
Vernacular name : ginger (Ibibio)