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Reference : HA 42

Author(s) : Arkinstall, W.
Title : Medicinal and useful plants collected in the Manianga district of the Republic of Zaïre Revue de recherche scientifique. Spécial Médecine traditionnelle au Zaïre, Volume unique , pp135 - 158 (1979) Presses de l' Institut de Recherche Scientifique
Reference HA 42 has information about 106 plants :
Abrus precatorius L.
Official name : Abrus precatorius L.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002), leaves of female pertner Setaria magaphylla used to make funnel to administer drink of leaves or sap of Abrus precatorius and Manotes pruinosa to increase breast milk
H(002) purify and increase supply of a women's breast milk.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : munzeke-munzeke, munzeke - nzeke (Kikongo)
Aframomum sp.
Official name : Aframomum sp.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), roots of Aframomum sp used to prepare enema to treat abdominal pain.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mianzi mia masisia-bisia (Kikongo)
Albizia sp.
Official name : Albizia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(203)
Recipes : H(068) bark of Albizia sp. treat intestinal worms, RNS..
H(203) wood used in construction
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga district)
Vernacular name : bole (Kikongo)
Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Official name : Alchornea cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Alchornea cordata Benth.
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, ONS. Of Alchornea cordifolia, RNS and dispuria.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mbunzi-kibunzi (Kikongo)
Anacardium occidentale L.
Official name : Anacardium occidentale L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(094)
Recipes : H(094) bark of Anacardium occidentale is used to make soothing solution for hemorrhoids.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kazuwa (Kikongo)
Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Official name : Anchomanes difformis (Bl.) Engl.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099, 2), tuber of Anchomanes difformis used to heal fools, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : dinkondo dia kimbiti (Kikongo)
Annona senegalensis subsp. oulotricha Le Thomas
Official name : Annona senegalensis subsp. oulotricha Le Thomas
Family : Annonaceae
Symptoms : H(014), H(104), H(201)
Recipes : H(014) treat superficial skin blessures such as scabies, RNS.
H(104) flowers of Annona senegalensis used for abdominal pain
H(201) local rituals.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nlulu, nlolo (Kikongo)
Asparagus abyssinicus Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Official name : Asparagus abyssinicus Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Family : Asparagaceae
Synonyms : Asparagus flagellaris Baker
Symptoms : H(169)
Recipes : H(169) hernia, ONS, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kinkuba - mbu (Kikongo)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), treat pain in side known as "lubanzi" (which is a chest pain of specifie nature)
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nsolokoto (Kikongo)
Boerhavia diffusa L.
Official name : Boerhavia diffusa L.
Family : Nyctaginaceae
Symptoms : H(139)
Recipes : H(139) Male sexual stimulant, ONS., RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mfundu (Kikongo)
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) sap of bark of Bridelia ferruginea is mixed with a lemon and put into eyes of someone with epilepsy.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mwindu (Kikongo)
Brillantaisia patula T. Anderson
Official name : Brillantaisia patula T. Anderson
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : Many symbolic uses. H(201) used to protect the entrance to a village..
H(201) Ocimum gratissimum, Occimum basilicum and Brillantaisia patula to make drink used as symbolic start of a cur
H(095) important use of Virectaria multiflora, Brillantaisia patula, Piper umbellatum and Erigeron fioribundus to treat foods.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : lemba - lemba (Kikongo)
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(000), ONS, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : yuka - yuka (Kikongo)
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Official name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001), leaves of Cajanus cajan are used to make funnel and juice of leaves poured into eyes as treatment.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : lukasa (Kikongo)
Camoensia maxima Welw. ex Benth.
Official name : Camoensia maxima Welw. ex Benth.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) pain in eyes, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nkadi-Nkadi (Kikongo)
Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.
Official name : Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.
Family : Burseraceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038) treat pain in urination, ONS, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mbanga ntela (Kikongo)
Canthium sp.
Official name : Canthium sp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099), bark of Canthium sp.used to make drink for epilepsy or dizziness.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mulala- wasangi (Kikongo)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(095), H(178)
Recipes : H(095) commonly used as seasoning
H(178) leaves of Capsicum frutescens used to put in eyes of patient with heart pain.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nlungu (Kikongo)
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw.
Official name : Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw.
Family : Sapindaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves of Cardiospermum grandiflorum ; RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : kinsangani (Kikongo)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) roots of Cassia alata used to treat stomach disorders. Said to be female partner of Tephrosia Vogelii Hook. f.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : bumi bia nkento (Kikongo)
Cassia mannii Oliv.
Official name : Cassia mannii Oliv.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(093)
Recipes : H(093), bark used to treat someone who was poisoned.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mwakasa (Kikongo)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(068), H(104)
Recipes : H(068), H(104), ONS. of Cassia occidentalis.used to treat abdominal pain and intestinal worms, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : fula (Kikongo)
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Bombacaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, ONS.of Ceiba pentandra, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mufuma (Kikongo)
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Official name : Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(130)
Recipes : H(130), treat weakness of legs.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kidoka - doka (Kikongo)
Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Official name : Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Synonyms : Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants
Symptoms : H(013)
Recipes : H(013), Chenopodium ambrosioides treat an abscess, ONS; RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : diamba - koko (Kikongo)
Cissampelos owariensis P. Beauv. ex DC.
Official name : Cissampelos owariensis P. Beauv. ex DC.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(027), H(169)
Recipes : H(027), roots of Cissampelos owariensis used ta treat threatened abortion.
H(169), roots eaten as treatment for hernia
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kanga - ngoyo (Kikongo)
Cissus rubiginosa Planch.
Official name : Cissus rubiginosa Planch.
Family : Vitaceae
Symptoms : H(015), H(162)
Recipes : H(162) dysuria and H(015) blood in urine, roots of Cissus rubiginos, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (district of Manianga)
Vernacular name : mumbala-mbala (Kikongo)
Clerodendrum splendens G. Don
Official name : Clerodendrum splendens G. Don
Family : Labiatae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) treat weakness of the body, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : makinda-ngolo (Kikongo)
Combretum racemosum P. Beauv.
Official name : Combretum racemosum P. Beauv.
Family : Combretaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(008x)
Recipes : H(003) swelling of the legs, H(008x) bloody diarrhea, seeds of Combretum racemosum , RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nsurnbi-nsurnbi (Kikongo)
Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist
Official name : Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Conyza floribunda Kunth , Erigeron floribundus (Kunth) Schults - Bip. , Erigeron naudinii (Bonnet) Humbert
Symptoms : H(018), H(095)
Recipes : H(018), ONS of Erigeron floribundus treat headache and heart pain.
H(018) leaves mixed in water to prepare drink to treat headache
H(095) Important use of Virectaria multiflora, Brillantaisia patula, Piper umbellatum and Erigeron fioribundus to treat foods
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : fuma dia nseke (Kikongo)
Costus lucanusianus J. Braun & K. Schum.
Official name : Costus lucanusianus J. Braun & K. Schum.
Family : Costaceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(104)
Recipes : H(053) ear infections H(104) abdominal pain, roots of Costus lucanusianus, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : munsanga - vulu (Kikongo)
Costus spectabilis (Fenzl) K.Schum.
Official name : Costus spectabilis (Fenzl) K.Schum.
Family : Costaceae
Symptoms : H(034), H(178)
Recipes : H(178) heart pain and H(034) palpitation with Schwenckia americana,Tristemma sp. and Costus spectabilis, ONS., RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : lubata - bata (Kikongo)
Crinum sp.
Official name : Crinum sp.
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(091) bulb of Crinum sp used to treat leg weakness after a long illness.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : munsele - bende (Kikongo)
Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afz. ex G. Don) Benth.
Official name : Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afz. ex G. Don) Benth.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Rondeletia africana T. Winterb.
Symptoms : H(003), H(005), H(008), H(051), H(068), H(082), H(104), H(169)
Recipes : H(003) swelling of the legs, H(008) diarrhea in children, H(051) fever, H(169) hernia., ONS., RNS.
H(005) edema, H(082) asthma, bark and roots, RNS.
H(068), ONS. for abdominal pain, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mumpala-mbaki (Kikongo)
Culcasia saxatilis A.Chev.
Official name : Culcasia saxatilis A.Chev.
Family : Araceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099) to treat hysterical loss of voice, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mpamba munti (Kikongo)
Curculigo pilosa (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl.
Official name : Curculigo pilosa (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl.
Family : Hypoxidaceae
Symptoms : H(169)
Recipes : H(169) hernia, ONS, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : ba-da-nseke (Kikongo)
Cymbopogon densiflorus (Steud.) Stapf
Official name : Cymbopogon densiflorus (Steud.) Stapf
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(082)
Recipes : H(082) difficulty breathing, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : luyanga . yangu (Kikongo)
Desmodium velutinum (Will.) DC.
Official name : Desmodium velutinum (Will.) DC.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(038), H(112)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, H(038) painful urination, H(112) abortion, of Desmodium velutinum ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : lunama - nama, lunama (Kikongo)
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Official name : Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(077), H(104)
Recipes : H(077) vomiting, H(104) stomach pains, decoction of roots of Dichrostachys cinerea, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : luvanga (Kikongo)
Dissotis sp.
Official name : Dissotis sp.
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(034), H(178)
Recipes : H(034) tachycardia, H(178) heart pain, Costus spectabilis, Dissotis sp and Schwenckia americana, ONS., RNS
H(004) also used to rub into small skin incisions.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : muzeke-zeke (Kikongo)
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) symbolic use in many fetishes and ceremonies, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kimbanzia (Kikongo)
Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don
Official name : Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Emilia javanica auct.(missapl. Name)
Symptoms : H(003)
Recipes : H(003) swelling, leaves of Emilia coccinea are rubbed into small incisions
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mundumbu (Kikongo)
Eupatorium africanum Oliv. & Hiern
Official name : Eupatorium africanum Oliv. & Hiern
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, leaves of Eupatorium africanum, RNS. .
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : dia ba Mvudi (Kikongo)
Euphorbia hermentiana Lem.
Official name : Euphorbia hermentiana Lem.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(092), H(201)
Recipes : H(201) symbolic protection of village against thunder, also H(092 used to poison fish
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : diza dia kinene (Kikongo)
Euphorbia hirta L.
Official name : Euphorbia hirta L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia pilulifera var. procumbens Boiss. , Euphorbia hirta var. procumbens Br. , Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), leaves of Hyptis suaveolens used to treat cough along with Euphorbia hirta and an onion.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kimvumina (Kikongo)
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : H(092), H(201)
Recipes : H(092), poison fish in strearns and has symbolic uses in rites
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : diza dia nlernbo (Kikongo)
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Official name : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms : Euphorbia laro Drake
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092), poison fish in strearns and has symbolic uses in rites, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : diza dia nlernbo (Kikongo)
Ficus sp.
Official name : Ficus sp.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(037), H(087)
Recipes : H(005), treat swelling of body and leg edeme, ONS., RNS..
H(037) cough, ONS., RNS
H(087) latex is applied to boil to extract the pus
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : bubu, nsanda (Kikongo)
Gardenia jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Hiern
Official name : Gardenia jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Hiern
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Gardenia ternifolia var. jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Aubrév.
Symptoms : H(103)
Recipes : H(103) treat toothache and ulcers in the mouth, ONS, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kilemba-nzau (Kikongo)
Gossypium barbadense L.
Official name : Gossypium barbadense L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(175)
Recipes : H(175), cotton used to clean wounds.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nsadi (Kikongo)
Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Hiern
Official name : Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Hiern
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) anaemia, red leaves of Hibiscus acetosella , RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : sa kongo (nti a menga (Kikongo)
Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Official name : Hymenocardia acida Tul.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(005), H(099)
Recipes : H(001) pain in eyes, ONS. of Hymenocardia acida, RNS.
H(005) roots used to treat edema in mixture with other plants
H(099) sap from bark used to put into eyes of someone with epilepsy
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : luhete, luvete (Kikongo)
Hymenocardia ulmoides Oliv.
Official name : Hymenocardia ulmoides Oliv.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) leaves used to prepare medicine for a cough.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nzangania (Kikongo)
Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Official name : Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037), leaves of Hyptis suaveolens used to treat cough along with Euphorbia hirta and an onion.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nkama (Kikongo)
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(036)
Recipes : H(036), bark of Jatropha curcas used to treat vertigo.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mpuluka (Kikongo)
Lactuca sp.
Official name : Lactuca sp.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) diarrhea, leaves of Lactuca sp, RNS. .
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : patakani (Kikongo)
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(077), H(104), H(169)
Recipes : H(077) treat vomiting, ONS., RNS
H(104) fruits used to prepare medicine for abdominal pain, RNS..
H(169) Used for discorders in female reproduction locally called hernias of women, , ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : lunsongi, dinsong, ma mwa nsongi (Kikongo)
Luffa cylindrica M. Roem.
Official name : Luffa cylindrica M. Roem.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) Luffa cylindrica to treat sores on skin.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nsaka - nsaka (Kikongo)
Maesopsis eminii Engl
Official name : Maesopsis eminii Engl
Family : Rhamnaceae
Symptoms : H(068)
Recipes : H(068) intestinal worms., bark of Maesopsis eminii is mixed with palm wine
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : muntense - mankelele (Kikongo)
Manotes pruinosa Gilg
Official name : Manotes pruinosa Gilg
Family : Connaraceae
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002) increase breast milk, leaves of Setaria magaphylla used to make funnel to administer drink of leaves or sap of Abrus precatorius and Manotes pruinosa
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : lubala-mukanga (Kikongo)
Maprounea africana Müll. Arg.
Official name : Maprounea africana Müll. Arg.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(068), H(104)
Recipes : H(068) treatment for intestinal worms.and H(104) abdominal pain, roots of Maprounea africana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : kinsangula (Kikongo)
Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg
Official name : Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Chlorophora excelsa (Welw) Benth. & Hook.
Symptoms : H(002x)
Recipes : H(002x) Chlorophora excelsa used with Tetracera potatoria to treat a woman who has bed breast milk.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nkamba (Kikongo)
Millettia sp.
Official name : Millettia sp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002) Millettia sp., widely used to purify a woman's breast milk, ONS., RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : luvuka (Kikongo)
Millettia versicolor Welw. ex Bak.
Official name : Millettia versicolor Welw. ex Bak.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(068)
Recipes : H(008), H(068), Treat headache, diarrhea and intestinal worms, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : lubota (Kikongo)
Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv.
Official name : Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv.
Family : Moraceae
Symptoms : H(033)
Recipes : H(033) bark of Myrianthus arboreus used to treat infertility in woman
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mbubu (Kikongo)
Nauclea gilletii (De Wild.) Merr.
Official name : Nauclea gilletii (De Wild.) Merr.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal pain, Nauclea gilletii , ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : lolo nturnbi (Kikongo)
Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Official name : Nauclea latifolia Sm.
Family : Rubiaceae
Synonyms : Sarcocephalus russeggeri Schweinf. , Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce , Sarcocephalus esculentus Afzel. ex Sabine
Symptoms : H(008), H(104)
Recipes : H(008), H(104) the roots of Nauclea latifolia are commonly used for abdominal pains and diarrhea., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kienga (Kikongo)
Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Official name : Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.) Seemann ex Bureau
Family : Bignoniaceae
Symptoms : H(104), H(201)
Recipes : H(104) abdominal pain, ONS., RNS.
H(201) planted to outline property of a village chief.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mpese-mpese (Kikongo)
Nymphaea lotus L.
Official name : Nymphaea lotus L.
Family : Nymphaeaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(051), H(130), H(201)
Recipes : H(018), H(051), H(201), leaves of Nymphaea lotus of Tetrorchidium didymostemon used to treat "mumpompila", a condition caused by spirits said to affect young chidren causing headache fever and division of the head.
H(130) treat weakness in legs, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mitoko-toko, kilonga - longa (Kikongo)
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(037)
Recipes : H(091), Ocimum gratissimum, Occimum basilicum and Brillantaisia patula to make drink to start a cure.
H(037) medicinally used ta treat cough, also used as a spice in cooking.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mansunsu ma bakala, dingwanzia (Kikongo)
Ocimum canum Sims
Official name : Ocimum canum Sims
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(099)
Recipes : H(099), Ocimum gratissimum used with Ocimum canum to treat epilepsy. Said to be male partner to Ocimum canum
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mansiusiu ma nkento (Kikongo)
Ocimum gratissimum L.
Official name : Ocimum gratissimum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(001), H(091), H(099)
Recipes : H(001) ONS. Of Ocimum gratissimum used to treat the eyes, RNS.
H(091) Ocimum gratissimum, Occimum basilicum and Brillantaisia patula to make drink to start a cure.
H(099) Ocimum gratissimum used with Ocimum canum to treat epilepsy. Said to be male partner to Ocimum canum
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mansunsu ma nkento, mansiu-nsiu, mansiusiu ma bakala (Kikongo)
Palisota sp.
Official name : Palisota sp.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : H(214)
Recipes : H(214) skeletal pain, powder of Palisota sp. to rub in skin incisions
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mpuku - mwifi - ya - bakala (Kikongo)
Pauridiantha sp.
Official name : Pauridiantha sp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091) anemia., bark is boiled in water to make red liquid
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : saka - dia - mukanka (Kikongo)
Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult
Official name : Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) leaves of Pennisetum polystachion used to rub on side of patient with pain called "lubanzi" (which is a chest pain of specifie nature)
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nkila - mbwa (Kikongo)
Phyllanthus sp.
Official name : Phyllanthus sp.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(027)
Recipes : H(027), leaves of Phyllanthus sp.are eaten to prevent threatened abortion.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mumvuka (Kikongo)
Piper umbellatum L.
Official name : Piper umbellatum L.
Family : Piperaceae
Synonyms : Piper subpeltatum Willd.
Symptoms : H(036), H(178)
Recipes : H(036), important useof Virectaria multiflora, Brillantaisia patula, Piper umbellatum and Erigeron fioribundus to treat foods.
H(178), leaves used ta treat anxiety and heart pain, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : lemba - ntoko (Kikongo)
Piptadeniastrum africanum (Hook.f.) Brenan
Official name : Piptadeniastrum africanum (Hook.f.) Brenan
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(008x)
Recipes : H(008x) roots of Piptadeniastrum africanum used to prepare enema used to treat bloody diarrhea
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : yeye (Kikongo)
Psidium guajava L.
Official name : Psidium guajava L.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(008x), H(104)
Recipes : H(008x), H(104), leaves used to treat abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : fuluta (Kikongo)
Psorospermum febrifugum Spach
Official name : Psorospermum febrifugum Spach
Family : Hypericaceae
Symptoms : H(005), H(173)
Recipes : H(005) roots of Psorospermum febrifugum used to treat edema in mixture with other plants.
H(173) bark used to treat leprosy
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : votolo, votila (Kikongo)
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kühn
Official name : Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kühn
Family : Dennstaedtiaceae
Synonyms : Pteris aquilina L.
Symptoms : H(037), H(094)
Recipes : H(037), ONS of Pteridium aquilinum .to treat "lubanzi" which is a chest pain of specifie nature, RNS..
H(094) ONS used to treat hemorrhoids, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nkunga-mbwa (Kikongo)
Quassia africana (Baill.) Baill.
Official name : Quassia africana (Baill.) Baill.
Family : Simaroubaceae
Symptoms : H(169)
Recipes : H(169) hernia, leaves and roots of Quassia africana, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : yombo (Mupesi) (Kikongo)
Rauvolfia mannii Stapf
Official name : Rauvolfia mannii Stapf
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) roots of Rauvolfia mannii in decoctio, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mununga musitu (Kikongo)
Rottboellia exaltata L. f.
Official name : Rottboellia exaltata L. f.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(031)
Recipes : H(031) plant of Rottboellia exaltata used with fruits of Vitex sp. to treat pain in the side.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nsolo nsonso (Kikongo)
Schwenckia americana L.
Official name : Schwenckia americana L.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(082), H(178)
Recipes : H(082), leaves of Schwenckia americana prepared in hot water as medicine to treat difficulty with breathing.
H(178) Costus spectabilis used with Dissotis sp and Schwenckia americana to treat heart pain and palpitations.
H(178) to treat heart pain and palpitation with Schwenckia americana,Tristemma sp. and Costus spectabilis, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mundanda - njila, mulondo (Kikongo)
Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) Dur. & Schinz
Official name : Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) Dur. & Schinz
Family : Poaceae
Synonyms : Setaria chevalieri Stapf
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002), leaves of male pertner Setaria magaphylla used to make funnel to administer drink of leaves or sap of Abrus precatorius and Manotes pruinosa to increase breast milk
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kangaya (Kikongo)
Sida acuta Burm. f.
Official name : Sida acuta Burm. f.
Family : Malvaceae
Synonyms : Sida carpinifolia L.f. , Sida stipulata Cav.
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008), leaves of Sida acuta are used to make a liquid to treat diarrhea
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : tumvumvu (Kikongo)
Sida cordifolia L.
Official name : Sida cordifolia L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(038)
Recipes : H(038), Sida cordifolia treat urinary infections, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : tumvumvu (Kikongo)
Solanum sp.
Official name : Solanum sp.
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(006)
Recipes : H(006) leaves of Solanum sp. used as a laxative, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : kilemba (Kikongo)
Solenostemon monostachyus (P. Beauv.) Briq. subsp. Monostachyus
Official name : Solenostemon monostachyus (P. Beauv.) Briq. subsp. Monostachyus
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) child's fever, ONS, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : lemba (Kikongo)
Spondias mombin L.
Official name : Spondias mombin L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Spondias lutea L.
Symptoms : H(206)
Recipes : H(206), leaves of Spondias mombin used to treat excessive sweating, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mungyenge (Kikongo)
Steganotaenia araliacea Hochst.
Official name : Steganotaenia araliacea Hochst.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(068)
Recipes : H(037) leaves of Steganotaenia araliacea used to make medicine for "lubanzi", a pain in the thorax, RNS
H(068) leaves of Steganotaenia araliacea are used to prepare powder which is inhaled to treat intestinal worms, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : munkula - mvumbi, munkula - ndozi (Kikongo)
Symphonia globulifera L. f.
Official name : Symphonia globulifera L. f.
Family : Clusiaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104), bark of Symphonia globulifera used to treat abdominal swelling
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nkuki (Kikongo)
Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
Official name : Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.
Family : Myrtaceae
Symptoms : H(005)
Recipes : H(005) roots used with other plants to treat edema.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : nkizu (Kikongo)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(092)
Recipes : V(092) leaves of Tephrosia vogelii said to be poisonous and are used to kill fish. Plant said to be male partner of Cassia alata .
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : bumi dia bakal (Kikongo)
Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Official name : Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092) leaves said to be poisonous and are used to kill fish. Plant said to be male partner of Cassia alata
Region : West Africa
Country : CD
Vernacular name : bumi dia bakala (male (Kikongo)
Tetracera alnifolia Willd.
Official name : Tetracera alnifolia Willd.
Family : Dilleniaceae
Symptoms : H(002), H(104)
Recipes : H(002) leaves of Tetracera alnifolia used to purify a woman's breast milk
H(104) to treat abdominal pain, RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nzingu - nkabi (Kikongo)
Tetracera alnifolia Willd.
Official name : Tetracera alnifolia Willd.
Family : Dilleniaceae
Symptoms : H(002)
Recipes : H(002) sap of the vine Tetracera alnifolia used to purify the milk of a woman
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nsingu - nkabi (Kikongo)
Tetrorchidium didymostemon (Baill.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Official name : Tetrorchidium didymostemon (Baill.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(051), H(201)
Recipes : H(018), H(051), H(201), leaves of Nymphaea lotus of Tetrorchidium didymostemon used to treat "mumpompila", a condition caused by spirits said to affect young chidren causing headache fever and division of the head.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mudidi (Kikongo)
Trichopteryx fruticulosa Chiov.
Official name : Trichopteryx fruticulosa Chiov.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) chest pain "lubanzi" .leaves are burned and mixed with salt rubbed into small incisions
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : kideka (Kikongo)
Tristemma sp
Official name : Tristemma sp
Family : Melastomataceae
Symptoms : H(178)
Recipes : H(178) to treat heart pain and palpitation with Schwenckia americana,Tristemma sp. and Costus spectabilis, ONS., RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : not communicated by the author
Triumfetta cordifolia A. Rich.
Official name : Triumfetta cordifolia A. Rich.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : H(008) sap of bark put into eyes as cure for diarrhea
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : mpunga (Kikongo)
Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Official name : Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(178)
Recipes : H(178) heart pain, Vernonia colorata used with other plants, ONS., RNS.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : nlulu-kulu (Kikongo)
Vigna unguiculata (L.) A. Walp.
Official name : Vigna unguiculata (L.) A. Walp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(037)
Recipes : H(037) cough, ONS.of Vigna unguiculata, RNS
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : zangi bia nzi (Kikongo)
Virectaria multiflora (Sm.) Bremek.
Official name : Virectaria multiflora (Sm.) Bremek.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) to treat foods, important use of Virectaria multiflora, Brillantaisia patula, Piper umbellatum and Erigeron fioribundus to treat foods.
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaire) (Manianga district )
Vernacular name : kilembe - lembe kia nseke (kia nlonde) (Kikongo)
Vitex madiensis Oliv.
Official name : Vitex madiensis Oliv.
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(018), H(038), H(109), H(201)
Recipes : H(008), H(109) juice from leaves and roots of Vitex madiensis used for diarrhea, also used to treat back pain, RNS.
H(038) treat urinary infections, ONS., RNS.
H(008),H(0376), bark is used for diarrhea and leaves used to treat cough., RNS.
H(018), H(201) fruits used to treat headache .plus plant has a ritual use
Region : West Africa
Country : Congo (Democratic republic) (ex. Zaïre) (Manianga distrct)
Vernacular name : mfilu, mufilu (Kikongo)