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Reference : HB 33

Author(s) : Bhat, R.B., E.O. Etejere, V.T. Oladipo
Title : Ethnobotanical studies fron central Nigeria. Economic Botany, 44 (3), pp. 382-390, (1990)
Reference HB 33 has information about 47 plants :
Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Official name : Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum.
Family : Zingiberaceae
Symptoms : H(018), H(189)
Recipes : H(018) headache, H(109, f) backache, the leaflets (a handful) of Daniellia oliveri, are ground along with seven (traditional belief) alligator-pepper seeds (Aframomum melegueta) the powder is rubbed on the affected part after seven (traditional belief) incisions have been made.
H(109, f) backache, H(189) body pain, ne or two handfuls of the young fresh leaves of Cissus quadrangularis are ground with nine (traditional belief) seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) for females (seven for males) and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to prepare an ointment; the ointment is then used to massage the affected part of the body in the evening or just before going to bed.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : not communicated by the authors
Ageratum conyzoides L.
Official name : Ageratum conyzoides L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(087), H(113)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Ageratum conyzoides at any time of day
H(087) body infection, A handful of the leaves is squeezed in a glassful of water; the !iquid is adinistered orally
H(113, f) neckpain:A handful of the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides is ground together and mlxed wlth one or two table spoon fuls of shea butter (fat from the kernels of Butyrospermum parkii); the ointment is used to massage the affected part
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : imi-ewure (Yoruba), akwokwo-nwaosi/niaika (Ibo)
Allium sativum L.
Official name : Allium sativum L.
Family : Alliaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(116), H(157)
Recipes : Harvest young plants of Allium sativum at any time of day
H(051x), The leaflets (one or two handfuls) of Daniellia oliveri and one small bulb of Allium sativum are ground together; the mixture is taken orally with pap.
H(116) irregular menstrual flow: The fruit juice of Citrus aurantifolia is mixed with the infusion of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia in equal proportions and taken orally until the flow becomes regular.
H(157) the plant is soaked in juice of Citrus aurantifolia, and a pinch of copper sulphate is added; the mixture is left for 4 days in a bottle; the bottle is shaken before use. Caution: Only a very small quantity is given orally to children; excess quantity results in vomiting or runny stool
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : alubosa / elewe (Yoruba)
Annona senegalensis Pers.
Official name : Annona senegalensis Pers.
Family : Annonaceae
Synonyms : Annona arenaria Thonn. , Annona chrysophylla Bojer
Symptoms : H(000), H(008), H(039), H(139)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Annona senegalensis preferably before noon
H(000), for general diseases: The dried leaves and roots in equal proportion are ground to powder and taken orally with pap (a semi-liquid food prepared from the grains of maize or guinea-corn).
H(008) occasionall for diarrhea, the leaves (10-15) are soaked in two to four glassfuls of water and squeezed to prepare a decoction; the solution is then given orally.
H(039), as an insecticide: The leaves are burnt in clay pots in an enclosed room to kill mosquitoes and other insects by suffocation.
H(139) sexual stimulant for impotency: A decoction is prepared from 20-25 leaves each of Annona senegalensis and Glyphaea lateriflora, about half a glassful of water is added to dilute, and table salt (sodium chloride) is added to taste; the filtrate is collected and stored in a bottle;the filtrate is sipped every night before intercourse or when necessary.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : abo (Yoruba), gwander / daji (Hausa, uburu-ocha (Ibo)
Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Official name : Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Anogeissus schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Symptoms : H(051), H(103x)
Recipes : Harvest fresh twigs of Anogeissus leiocarpa at any time of day
H(051, f) paludism the leaves are packed tightly in earthen pots to which water is added; after cooking to give a concentrated decoction wich is taken orally.
H(202, f), the roots are used as chewing sticks for cleaning teeth
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ayin (Yoruba), marike (Hausa), atara (Ibo)
Argemone mexicana L.
Official name : Argemone mexicana L.
Family : Papaveraceae
Symptoms : H(103), H(126)
Recipes : Harvest mature twigs and seeds of Argemone mexicana at any time of day
H(103, f) for teething in infants.The seeds are cooked in water and the concentrate given to infants beginning from the age of 8 days; this helps children overcome problems associated with teething.
H(126, f) jaundice, a handful of the leaves and a pinch of potash are cooked in water or sun-dried and ground to powder; the mixture or powder is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : egun-arigbo (Yoruba), kwarko (Hausa)
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Official name : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Family : Meliaceae
Synonyms : Melia azadirachta L.
Symptoms : H(002), H(039), H(051), H(103), H(103x)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature twigs of Azadirachta indica at any time of day
H(002, f) catarrh: A potful of the leaves is boiled in water and the concentrated hot solution used as a steam bath, inhaled, or taken orally.
H(039, f), the fresh leaves are mixed with cereals during storage to prevent insect attack.
H(051, f) paludism: A potful of the leaves is boiled or squeezed in water for some time; the decoction is taken orally, hot or cold,or used as a steam bath.
H(103x, f) The stem is used as a chewing stick to clean the teeth and gums.
H(103) the juice is believed to prevent tooth decay and gum infections
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : igi-oba (Yoruba), dogo / yaro (Hausa)
Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Official name : Bridelia ferruginea Benth.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(018), H(076)
Recipes : Harvest roots, leaves, and bark from mature stems of Bridelia ferruginea usually in the moming
H(006, f), H(018, f) headache as laxative and for headache: The leaves and roots are chewed regularly
H(076) for coated tangue: The bark together witt the stem is ground with aluminum sulphate in water; sugar or red pepper is added to filtrate to taste and taken orally as a drink or mouthwash
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ira (Yoruba), kirni (Hausa), egede (Ibo)
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Official name : Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Family : Crassulaceae
Synonyms : Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Symptoms : H(003), H(014), H(037), H(053), H(087)
Recipes : Harvest young fresh twigs and mature roots of Bryophyllum pinnatum at any time of day
H(003, f) for swollen limbs: A handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two teaspoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(014, f) for eczema and pimples: The latex of the plant is applied directly to the pimples and eczema spots by means of cotton.
H(037), as a cough mixture: A decoction prepared from the roots in water is taken orally as a cough mixture
H(053) for earache: The dried leaves (about five) are ground to powder and the liquid secretion {one to two teaspoonfuls) of a mollusk (Mutella sp.) is added to it; the mixture is then applied to the affected ears with the aid of feathers; the ear opening is then plugged with cotton for 2 days to prevent the entry of dust particles..
H(087) for whitlow: The dried whole plant is ground to powder and mixed with one or two raw eggs and one or two tablespoonfuls of shea butter; this is applied directly on the affected part to relieve the pain and dry up the inflammation.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : adamoda (Yoruba)
Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Official name : Butyrospermum paradoxum (Gaertner f.) Hepper
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(012), H(013), H(087), H(113), H(186)
Recipes : Harvest mature fruits of Butyrospermum paradoxumat any time of day
H(003, f) for swollen limbs.: A handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two teaspoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(012), f) The dried leaves of Phyllanthus pentandrus along with those of Vigna sp. are pound in equal proportions to powder and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum); this ointment is used to treat dislocated limbs.
H(013, f), for boils: The dried leaves of Phyllanthus pentandrus along with those of Vigna sp. are pound in equal proportions to powder and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum); this ointment is applied on the affected part.
H(087, f) for whitlow: a handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two raw eggs and about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(113, f) neckpain, a handful of the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides is ground together and mixed wlth one or two tablespoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii); the ointment is used to massage the affected part
H(186, f) as an expectorant: Four to six dried leaves of Calotropis procera are ground and then mixed with about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and water; this is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : pahan (Yoruba)
Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Official name : Butyrospermum parkii (G. Don) Kotschy
Family : Sapotaceae
Symptoms : H(003), H(087), H(109), H(113), H(189)
Recipes : Harvest mature fruits of Butyrospermum parki at any time of day
H(003, f) for swollen limbs. A handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two teaspoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part -- - H(087) for whitlow, a handful of leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum is ground and mixed with one or two raw eggs and about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and used to massage the affected part
H(109, f) backache, H(189, f) body pain, one or two handfuls of the young fresh leaves of Cissus quadrangularis are ground with nine (traditional belief) seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) for females (seven for males) and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to prepare an ointment; the ointment is then used to massage the affected part of the body in the evening or just before going to bed.
H(113, f) neckpain: A handful of the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides is ground together and mlxed wlth one or two tablespoonfuls of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii); the ointment is used to massage the affected part
H(189, f) body pain: The leaves of Eleusine indica are crushed and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to make an ointment used to massage the affected part..
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : emi (Yoruba), ka'danya (Hausa), osisi (Ibo)
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Official name : Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Asclepias procera Aiton
Symptoms : H(020), H(186)
Recipes : Harvest fresh, preferably from.young plants of Calotropis procera, at time of need
H(020) snake bite or scorpion sting: latex is obtained from any part of the plant and applied by making seven {traditional belief) incisions on the affected part after dipping the razor inthe latex.
H(186, f) as an expectorant: Four to six dried leaves are ground and then mixed with about one teaspoonful of shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii) and water; this is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : bomu-bomu (Yoruba), tufatia (Hausa)
Carica papaya L.
Official name : Carica papaya L.
Family : Caricaceae
Symptoms : H(051x), H(068), H(087), H(095), H(099), H(104)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature leaves of Carica papaya at any time of day
H(051x, f) For yellow fever: The leaf extract is taken orally with table salt
H(068) as an anthelmintic: The leaf extract and latex of raw fruits are taken. orally..
H(087, f) body infection: The leaves of Carica papaya are cooked along with those of Musa sapientum in equal proportions; the extracfis taken orally or as a bath. Precaution: Should not be administered to infants.
H(095, f), the ripe fruits are also eaten as food.
H(099, f) as a treatment for beri-beri: The fruits are eaten regularly
H(104) stomachache, infusion of the leaves is used
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ibepe (Yoruba, gwanda (Hausa), ojo-mgbimgbi (Ibo)
Cassia alata L.
Official name : Cassia alata L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
Symptoms : H(006), H(014), H(022), H(112), H(135)
Recipes : Harvest fresh twig with inflorescence of Cassia alata either before noon or at sunset
H(006, f) as a laxative: The ground inflorescence is mixed with pap and taken orally.
H(014, f) for ringworm and other skin diseases: The juice from the leaves and stems is squeezed out and rubbed on the affected part of the skin.
H(022) , H(112) a strong decoction of the leaves is used to cause abortion or to hasten delivery at labor
H(135, f) for indigestion: The dried leaves of Cassia alata are powdered along with those of Piper guineense in equal proportions; the powdered component is divided into small portions and taken orally with hot pap
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : asunwon (Yoruba), okpo / ndichi (Ibo)
Cassia occidentalis L.
Official name : Cassia occidentalis L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
Symptoms : H(001), H(006), H(027z), H(175)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Cassia occidentali in the morning or the evening
H(001), H(007) any part of the plant can also be used as a lotion for ophthalmia and as a diuretic.
H(006, f) as a laxative: A handful of the dried leaves is ground into powder, mixed with pap, and taken orally
H(027z) to stop bleeding during pregnancy: The leaves of Cassia occidentalis together with those of Sida cordifolia and Crassocephalum rubens are ground, in equal proportions, in water; table salt is added; the filtrate of the mixture is collected in bottles. Dosage: A tablespoonful three times daily.
H(175, f) the ground fresh leaves are also applied as poultice to induce extrusion of Guinea worm.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : rere (Yoruba, raildore (Hausa, akedeagbora, ikpammuo (Ibo)
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Official name : Cissus quadrangularis L.
Family : Vitaceae
Synonyms : Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Symptoms : H(109), H(189)
Recipes : Harvest young fresh leaves of Cissus quadrangularis at any time of the day
H(109, f) backache, H(189, f) body pain: one or two handfuls of the young fresh leaves o Cissus quadrangularis are ground with nine (traditional belief) seeds of alligator pepper (Aframomum melegueta) for females (seven for males) and mixed with shea butter to prepare an ointment; the ointment is then used to massage the affected part of the body in the evening or just before going to bed.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : olowomefa (Yoruba)
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Official name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms : H(036), H(116), H(196)
Recipes : Harvest ripe fruits, young and mature fresh leaves of Citrus aurantifolia at any time of day
H(036) for dizziness: A handfuI of leaves of Citrus aurantifolia and one or two small bulbs of Allium sativum are ground together in one-half or one gIassful of water; the mixture is taken orally and also used to massage the face.
H(116) irregular menstrual flow: The fruit juice of Citrus aurantifolia is mixed with the infusion of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia in equal proportions and taken orally until the flow becomes regular.
H(196, f) for prevention of scurvy: The fruit juice is taken regularly
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : osanwene (Yoruba), lemu (Hausa), ofofa-nta (Ibo)
Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) Moore
Official name : Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) Moore
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(027z), H(095)
Recipes : H(027z) to stop bleeding during pregnancy: The leaves of Cassia occidentalis together with those of Sida cordifolia and Crassocephalum rubens are ground, in equal proportions, in water; table salt is added; the filtrate of the mixture is collected in bottles. Dosage: A tablespoonful three times daily.
H(095, f) as a vegetable soup, the leaves are boiled in water to which red pepper, red palmoil and salt are added
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ebue (Yoruba)
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Official name : Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe
Symptoms : H(018), H(051x), H(109)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Daniellia oliveri at any time of day
H(018) headache, H(109, f) backache, the leaflets (a handful) of Daniellia oliveri, are ground along with seven (traditional belief) alligator-pepper seeds (Aframomum melegueta) the powder is rubbed on the affected part after seven (traditional belief) incisions have been made.
H(051x) for yellow fever: The leaflets (one or two handfuls) of Daniellia oliveri and one small bulb of Allium sativum are ground together; the mixture is taken orally with pap
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : iya (Yoruba), maje (Hausa), ozabwa (Ibo)
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Official name : Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(189)
Recipes : Harvest fresh leaves of Eleusine indica at any lime of the day
H(189, f) body pain: the leaves of Eleusine indica are crushed and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum) to make an ointment used to massage the affected part.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : gbegin (Yoruba)
Ficus thonningii Blume
Official name : Ficus thonningii Blume
Family : Moraceae
Synonyms : Ficus iteophylla Miq. , Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
Symptoms : H(012), H(109), H(201)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Ficus thonningii at any lime of day
H(012), f), for dislocated limbs: The leaves are buried in hot ashes to decolorize them and then rubbed on the affected part.
H(109, f) backache, four to six leaves and a pinch of potash are ground together; the mixture is applied to the affected part after making nine (traditional belief) incisions
H(201) Rare To make people have good fortune and lead a lire of happiness: The leaves together with those of Pterocarpus sp. in equal proportions are ground together and mixed with local black soap
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : odan (Yoruba), chediya (Hausa)
Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Official name : Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095, f). The whole plant is used as fodder for cattle..
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : jogbo (Yoruba),
Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Official name : Hyptis suaveolens Poit.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(018), H(039)
Recipes : Harvest the small plant of Hyptis suaveolens usually in the moming or the evening
H(013) boils: The liquid from the squeezed leaves is applied directly on the boil
H(018) headache : The entire plant is tied around the head until the ache stops
H(039, f). As a mosquito repellent: Whole fresh plants (two or more) are placed in the room in the night
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : jogbo (Yoruba),
Jatropha curcas L.
Official name : Jatropha curcas L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(008), H(014), H(076), H(100), H(103x), H(126)
Recipes : Harvest young fresh twigs of Jatropha curcas usually in the moming
H(008) the leaves (about 10-15) are crushed along witt potash in one to two glassfuls of water; the liquid is collected in bottles and taken orally when necessary
H(014, f) for ringworm: The leaves are squeezed and the liquid obtained is applied on the affected part with cotton
H(076, f) for coated tongue: The latex is collected and applied on the affected part of the tongue.
H(100) venereal diseases: A decoction from the roots is taken orally..
- H(103x, f) for cleaning the teeth: The young twigs are used as chewing sticks for cleaning the teeth and gums especially for young children.
H(126) for jaundice: A decoction from the leaves is administered as rectal injection.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : lapalapa, botuje (Yoruba), bi ni da zugu (Hausa), owulo idu (Ibo)
Jatropha gossypiifolia L.
Official name : Jatropha gossypiifolia L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(116)
Recipes : H(116) irregular menstrual flow: The fruit juice of Citrus aurantifolia is mixed with the infusion of the leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia in equal proportions and taken orally until the flow becomes regular.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : not registrated
Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
Official name : Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Synonyms : Lagenaria vulgaris Ser. , Cucurbita lagenaria L.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : Harvest fresh young plants of Lagenaria siceraria usually befote noon
H(104, f), for stomachache: The young plant is ground and mixed witt pap; this is taken orally.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : agba (Yoruba), duma (Hausa), oba (Ibo)
Lawsonia inermis L.
Official name : Lawsonia inermis L.
Family : Lythraceae
Synonyms : Lawsonia alba Lam.
Symptoms : H(051x), H(087), H(175x)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Lawsonia inermis at any time of day
H(051x, f) for yellow fever: Two to four handfuls of the leaves boiled in six to eight glassfuls of water to prepare a decoction, which is mixed witt meat stew and taken orally.
H(087, f) for body infection As: Henna (a red dye prepared by crushing the leaves) is used to paint the legs and arms.
H(175x) The red dye is also used as a cosmetic for beautifying the female body.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : lali (Yoruba)lalle (Hausa)
Loranthus sp.
Official name : Loranthus sp.
Family : Loranthaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Loranthus sp. at any time of the day
H(014) for skin deseases: Five or six dried leaves of Loranthus sp.are ground with one or two leaves of Parkia clappertoniana and one-fourth or one-half teaspoonful of potash; the powder is taken orally with pap .
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : afomo (Yoruba, kauci (Hausa), obu egbee (Ibo)
Momordica balsamina L.
Official name : Momordica balsamina L.
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(008), H(068)
Recipes : Harvest fresh young mature leaves and fruits of Momordica balsamina at any time of the day
H(006, f), H(068, f) as laxative and anthelmintic: A decoction from the leaves and fruits is taken orally
H(008) for diarrhea: The leaves (about 15-20) are crushed and squeezed in two or three glassfuls of water to obtain the juice; the filtrate is taken orally witt table salt to taste
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : okookoo (Yoruba), kakayi (Ibo)
Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Official name : Musa ×paradisiaca L.
Family : Musaceae
Synonyms : Musa ×sapientum L.
Symptoms : H(000), H(008), H(013), H(053), H(087), H(095)
Recipes : Harvest fresh leaves and mature fruits of Musa sapientum at any time of the day
H(008, f) The sap is used with food to treat diarrhea
H(013) the ash of burnt stem, leaf, or fruit skin is used as dusting powder for ulcers.
H(053) the sap of inflorescence is used for earache.
H(087, f) body infection: The leaves of Carica papaya are cooked along with those of Musa sapientum in equal proportions; the extracfis taken orally or as a bath. Precaution: Should not be administered to infants.
H(095) (a) the raw peeled fruits are eaten when ripe, either cooked or fried to prepare dodo (plantain slices fried in ail). (b)The unripe fruits are peeled, sun-dried, and ground to give plantainflour; the flour is sifted and mixed witt hot water to prepare a semi-solid food, amala (plantain meal). (c) Fried plantain chips [ipekere (Y)], like potato chips, can also be prepared from raw plantains. (d) The unripe or ripe fruit can also be roasted and eaten witt red palm ail. Common.
H(000, f) The root is pounded and used as an enema.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ogede (Yoruba), ayabo (Hausa), ogbede-jioko (Ibo), ukom (Efik)
Ocimum basilicum L.
Official name : Ocimum basilicum L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(094)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Ocimum basilicum in the moming or the evening
H(051, f) fever and H(094, f) piles: A handful of leaves is extracted in one or two glassfuls of cold water; the filtrate is taken orally.
H(094, f) .The same liquid with table salt added to taste is taken orally for piles.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : efinrin (Yoruba)
Ocimum canum Sims
Official name : Ocimum canum Sims
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(053), H(095)
Recipes : Harvest the whole plant of Ocimum canum preferably in the moming
H(053), for sound health in children: A concentrated decoction is prepared in small earthen pots by boiling the whole plant in water; this is administered orally to children.
H(095, f), as a vegetable soup, the leaves are cooked in water along witt red pepper, red palm oïl, salt, and other ingredients.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : efinrin wewe (Yoruba)
Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Official name : Parkia biglobosa ( Jacq.) R.Br. ex G. Don
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Parkia clappertoniana Keay
Symptoms : H(014), H(095)
Recipes : Harvest young fresh leaves and seeds of Parkia clappertoniana at any time of the day
H(014) for skin deseases: Five or six dried leaves of Loranthus sp.are ground with one or two leaves of Parkia clappertoniana and one-fourth or one-half teaspoonful of potash; the powder is taken orally with pap .
H(014, f) for skin diseases: A handful of the tender leaves of Parkia clappertoniana with those of Loranthus sp. and a pinch of potash are ground together; this is taken orally witt pap
H(095, f) The soaked seeds are cooked, allowed to ferment for 3 days, and used to prepare the spice callled " iru" by the Yoruba; the spiœ is added to soup during cooking to flavor..
H(095, f) The fruit pulp is eaten fresh for its sweet taste.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : igba (Yoruba), dorowa (Hausa), orgiri (Ibo)
Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
Official name : Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
Family : Poaceae
Symptoms : H(020)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Pennisetum purpureum at any time of day
H(020), for snake bite: The leaves are squeezed and the înfusion îs applied directly to the affected part; the infusion can also be used for the treatment of fresh wounds.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : esum pupa (Yoruba)
Phyllanthus pentandrus Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Phyllanthus pentandrus Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Symptoms : H(012), H(013)
Recipes : Harvest fresh mature leaves of Phyllanthus pentandrus at any time of the day
H(012), f) The dried leaves of Phyllanthus pentandrus along with those of Vigna sp. are pound in equal proportions to powder and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum); this ointment is used to treat dislocated limbs.
H(013, f), for boils: The dried leaves of Phyllanthus pentandrus along with those of Vigna sp. are pound in equal proportions to powder and mixed with shea butter (Butyrospermum paradoxum); this ointment is applied on the affected part.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ehin-elebe (Yoruba), majiyarkur mi (Hausa), egu -eza (Ibo)
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Official name : Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Bauhinia thonningii Schumach.
Symptoms : H(014), H(051), H(175x)
Recipes : Harvest fresh mature fruits and roots of Piliostigma thonningii at any time of the day
H(014, f) skin diseases, H(051, f), A decoction is prepared from the roots and fruits (quantity 2:1) in water and boiled to concentrate it; VO.
H(175x) the bark is used as a cosmetic to redden the lips
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : abafe (Yoruba), kaego (Hausa), okapoatu (Ibo)
Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Official name : Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.
Family : Piperaceae
Symptoms : H(135)
Recipes : H(135, f) for indigestion: The dried leaves of Cassia alata are powdered along with those of Piper guineense in equal proportions; the powdered component is divided into small portions and taken orally with hot pap
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : iyere (Yoruba), masoro (Hausa), ozeza (Ibo)
Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub.
Official name : Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Prosopis africana at any time of the day
H(051) for paludism: One to two handfuls of the leaves of Prosopis africana along with an equal proportion of those of Tamarindus indica are boiled in four to six glassfuls of water; the decoction is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ayan (Yoruba), mbuci oro (Ibo)
Sida cordifolia L.
Official name : Sida cordifolia L.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : H(027z), H(082)
Recipes : Harvest young fresh twigs of Sida cordifolia usually in the morning
H(027z) to stop bleeding during pregnancy: The leaves of Sida cordifolia along with those of Cassia occidentalis and Crassocephalum rubens are pound in equal proportions and table salt is added to taste; water is added to the mixture and the filtrate stored in botles; the filtrate is taken orally. Dosage: A tablespoonful three times daily.
H(082) for asthma: An infusion of the plant is mixed with table salt and the filtrate is collected; this is taken orally
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : oloosokutu! (Yoruba)
Tamarindus indica L.
Official name : Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Fabaceae
Synonyms : Tamarindus erythraea Mattei
Symptoms : H(006), H(051), H(095)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Tamarindus indica at any time of day
H(006, f) as a laxative: Cold water and one-half teaspoonful of crushed potash are added to one or two handfuls of leaflets and left until an extract is obtained; the mixture is then taken orally
H(051, f) paludism fever: The leaves of Tamarindus indica are pound along with those of Prosopis africana in equal proportions; the mixture is taken orally with water
H(051, f) for paludism: One to two handfuls of the leaves of Prosopis africana along with an equal proportion of those of Tamarindus indica are boiled in four to six glassfuls of water; the decoction is taken orally.
H(095) the unripe and ripe fruit pulp is eaten as food.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ajagbon (Yoruba), tsaniya (Hausa), icheku oyibo (Ibo)
Terminalia glaucescens Planch. ex Benth.
Official name : Terminalia glaucescens Planch. ex Benth.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Terminalia schimperiana Hochst.
Symptoms : H(008), H(103x)
Recipes : Harvest fresh mature roots of Terminalia glaucescens at any time of the day
H(008, f) for diarrhea: The roots (a handful) are cooked along with one-half teaspoonful of potash in water and the concentrated decoction is taken orally.
H(103x, f) the roots are used as chewing sticks for cleaning teeth.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : idi (Yoruba), baushe (Hausa), edo (Ibo)
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Official name : Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Synonyms : Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker , Trema guineensis (Schum. & Thonn. ) Ficalho
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Trema orientalis at any time of the day
H(051, f): the leaves are cooked in earthen pots, and the decoction is collected in vessels or used as a steam or cold bath.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : afefe (Yoruba), telemukwu (Ibo)
Tridax procumbens L.
Official name : Tridax procumbens L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(008)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Tridax procumbens in the morning and the evening
H(008, f) for dysentery and diarrhea: A handful of the geen clean leaves is crushed in warrn or cold water with a small quantity of potash; the filtrate is collected and stored in botlles; the mixture is taken orally three times daily.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : igbalode (Yoruba)
Tridax procumbens L.
Official name : Tridax procumbens L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Tridax procumbens in the morning and the evening
V(095) the fresh leaves are used as animal feed, especially for domestic rabbits.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : igbalode (Yoruba)
Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Official name : Vernonia amygdalina Delile
Family : Asteraceae
Synonyms : Vernonia senegalensis A. Chev. , Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. Ex Walp.
Symptoms : H(014), H(075), H(087), H(091), H(095), H(196)
Recipes : Harvest young mature fresh leaves and roots of Vernonia amygdalina at any lime of the day
H(014) for ringworm and H(087, f) body infection: An infusion of the leaves is rubbed on the body
H(075, f). As a stomachic tonic and appetizer: The roots are ground in wateir and taken orally.
H(091, f), H(196, f) as anti- scorbutic and digestive tonic:A decoction of the leaves is taken orally.
H(095, f) the leaves are used as a vegetable
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ewuroaja (Yoruba), shiwak (Hausa), olugbu (Ibo)
Vigna unguiculata (L.) A. Walp.
Official name : Vigna unguiculata (L.) A. Walp.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(103x)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Vigna unguiculata at anytime of the day
H(103) for tooth ailments: The leaves are chewed and kept in contact with the affected part for some time.
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : owi-ahun (Yoruba), wakin-tunka (Hausa)
Vitex doniana Sweet
Official name : Vitex doniana Sweet
Family : Verbenaceae
Symptoms : H(036), H(095)
Recipes : Harvest young and mature fresh leaves of Vitex doniana at any lime of the day
H(036) for dizziness: A handful of the leaves and dried intestines of a bat are ground together; the mixture is taken with pap
H(095) the leaves are used for the preparation of vegetable soup
Region : West Africa
Country : Central Nigeria (Kwara state)
Vernacular name : ori (Yoruba), dinyar (Hausa), uchakora (Ibo)