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Reference : HB 35

Author(s) : Bussmann R. W., G. G. Gilbreath, J. Solio, M. Lutura, R. Lutuluo, K. Kunguru, N. Wood and S. Mathenge
Title : Plant use of the Masasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, Kenya. Additional file Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2:22 (2006)
Reference HB 35 has information about 43 plants :
Acacia polyacantha Willd.
Official name : Acacia polyacantha Willd.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095) eaten by elephants and goats
V(095) bees use this plant
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : orkigiro (Maa)
Acacia polyacantha Willd.
Official name : Acacia polyacantha Willd.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(203), fencing the village because has good thorn
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : orkigiro (Maa)
Acalypha volkensii Pax
Official name : Acalypha volkensii Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(203) hardwoods used to produce arrows
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : esiaeiti / esiati (Maa)
Achyranthes aspera L.
Official name : Achyranthes aspera L.
Family : Amaranthaceae
Synonyms : Achyranthes annua Dinter , Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. , Achyranthes aspera L. var. sicula , Achyranthes obovata Peter.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) paludism, remove roots of Achyranthes aspera, smash with water, drink, vomit
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olekidogo (Maa)
Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Official name : Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(201), H(203)
Recipes : H(201) strong stick used for ceremonie
H(203) to produce spears, for walking
H(203), bark used for fire
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : osupakupe (Maa)
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Official name : Asparagus africanus Lam.
Family : Asparagaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201), wash away spirit of the person who has passed away: put in water and wash yourself, use with olive to sacrifice (drought), then burn
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : embereepapa (Maa)
Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Official name : Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Carissa xylopicron Thouars , Carissa pubescens A. DC. , Carissa spinarum L.
Symptoms : H(095), H(100)
Recipes : H(095), eat fruit Carissa edulis
H(100) venereal diseases boil root, slaughter a ram and mix meat with the root, boil 2 hrs and eat
H(113), same for back and joint problems: drink liquid from boiling
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : nkamuriaki (Maa)
Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Official name : Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(203), for young Maasai girls to use for tying together a hut
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olopitaq/olopito (Maa)
Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Official name : Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich.
Family : Menispermaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095) eaten by goats and sheep when flower is in fruit
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olopitaq/olopito (Maa)
Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name : Combretum molle R. Br.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms : H(051), H(095)
Recipes : H(051) prevents paludism and circulatory problems
H(095) root for making soup
H(095) slaughter bull and make soup with Combretum molle
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ormaroroi (Maa)
Combretum molle R. Br.
Official name : Combretum molle R. Br.
Family : Combretaceae
Synonyms : Combretum microlepidotum Engl.
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095) flowers of Combretum molle are good for bees
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ormaroroi (Maa)
Commelina africana L.
Official name : Commelina africana L.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : V(201) used to treat cows. Only used by special old men. These put magic and then place where cows pass
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : enkaiieieyia (Maa)
Commelina benghalensis L.
Official name : Commelina benghalensis L.
Family : Commelinaceae
Symptoms : V(201)
Recipes : V(201) used to treat cows. Only used by special old men. These put magic and then place where cows pass
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : enkaiieieyia (Maa)
Croton dichogamus Pax
Official name : Croton dichogamus Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(091), H(095), H(103x)
Recipes : H(091), root of Croton dichogamus flavors meat and gives strength
H(095) leaves used for Maasai beer
H(103x) toothbrush
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olokidigai (Maa)
Erythrococca bongensis Pax
Official name : Erythrococca bongensis Pax
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095) young children eat the fruit of Erythrococca bongensis and like it very much
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : nkayakug (Maa)
Euclea divinorum Hiern
Official name : Euclea divinorum Hiern
Family : Ebenaceae
Synonyms : Euclea keniensis R.E. Fries
Symptoms : H(045), H(095), H(103x), H(203)
Recipes : H(045) put meat on top of leaves to keep moist for 1-2 days
H(095), VO. sweet berries
H(103x) toothbrush
H(203), firewood
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : enkiyei (Maa)
Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L.
Official name : Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L.
Family : Convolvulaceae
Symptoms : H(201)
Recipes : H(201) boil and wash yourself when spirit feels bad
H(201), add to fire for sacrifice
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : leleswa ekopo (Maa)
Fuerstia africana T.C.E. Fries
Official name : Fuerstia africana T.C.E. Fries
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(099x), H(175x)
Recipes : H(099x), children remove leaves and chew like tobacco
H(175x) produces red color for decoration
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : oloitodor enkai (Maa)
Glycine wightii (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
Official name : Glycine wightii (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), eaten by goats and sheep when flower is in fruit
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olopito (Maa)
Glycine wightii (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
Official name : Glycine wightii (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(203), for young Maasai girls to use for tying together a hut
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olopito (Maa)
Grewia bicolor Juss.
Official name : Grewia bicolor Juss.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(103x)
Recipes : H(095) eat ripe (red) fruit
H(103x) toothbrush
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : esiteti (Maa)
Grewia similis K. Schum.
Official name : Grewia similis K. Schum.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(103x), H(203)
Recipes : H(103x) toothbrush
H(203), making sticks
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : enyalugai (Maa)
Grewia tembensis Frensen
Official name : Grewia tembensis Frensen
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(103x)
Recipes : H(095) eat ripe (red) fruit
H(103x) toothbrush
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : esiteti (Maa)
Grewia tembensis Frensen
Official name : Grewia tembensis Frensen
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), eaten by goats and cows, must NOT be cut for animals
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : esiteti (Maa)
Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Official name : Heeria insignis (Delile) Kuntze
Family : Anacardiaceae
Synonyms : Ozoroa insignis Del.
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091), boil bark and give young children to be healthy
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olokunonoi (Maa)
Helichrysum gerberifolium Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich.
Official name : Helichrysum gerberifolium Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(095)
Recipes : H(095), H(201), young boys remove root and chew, if spat on someone the person will feel sleepy
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : sakutae (Maa)
Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.
Official name : Hibiscus calyphyllus Cav.
Family : Malvaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), eaten by elephants
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : osukupai naibor (Maa)
Jasminum abyssinicum Hoscht. Ex DC.
Official name : Jasminum abyssinicum Hoscht. Ex DC.
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004), bite leaf of Jasminum abyssinicum and put on wound
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ormeko orsage (Maa)
Jasminum fluminense Vell.
Official name : Jasminum fluminense Vell.
Family : Oleaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004), bite leaf of Jasminum fluminense and put on wound
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ormeko orsage (Maa)
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Official name : Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), birds like to suck flower, bird has same name as plant
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : orbibi (Maa)
Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Official name : Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Family : Oleaceae
Synonyms : Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G.Don) Cif.
Symptoms : V(068)
Recipes : Vb(068) calf: boil and give to drink, this kills worms
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olorien (Maa)
Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Official name : Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Family : Oleaceae
Synonyms : Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G.Don) Cif.
Symptoms : H(051), H(103x), H(201), H(203)
Recipes : .H(051) mix with SOKONOI this cures paludism, drink half liter
H(103x) toothbrush
H(201), ceremonies - age to elder rites, use to make sacrifice (big fire);
H(203) making rungus
H(203) spear handles;
H(201) boys circumcision - put on house as sign
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olorien (Maa)
Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Official name : Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Family : Santalaceae
Synonyms : Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steudel
Symptoms : H(091)
Recipes : H(091), remove bark, place on sand to dry, then mix with tea. Makes a very good tea for young and old
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : olosesai (Maa)
Plumbago zeylanica L.
Official name : Plumbago zeylanica L.
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Symptoms : H(175x)
Recipes : H(175x), 1┬░girls use to decorate: take sheep urine and mix together, make small cuts around eyes and rub in; 2┬░ Mash together and express to make bigger marks
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : orgeyiantus (Maa)
Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Official name : Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(205)
Recipes : H(037) maasai eat the fruit of Rhus natalensis to prevent chest problems
H(205), warriors burn and then put under clothes for good smell
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ormisigiyoi (Maa)
Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Official name : Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : V(095)
Recipes : V(095), baboons eat the fruits of Rhus natalensis
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ormisigiyoi (Maa)
Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Official name : Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
Family : Apocynaceae
Symptoms : H(092)
Recipes : H(092), poisonous, milk of Sarcostemma viminale makes you blind when it gets into the eyes
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ololei (Maa)
Solanum incanum L.
Official name : Solanum incanum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum insanum L. , Solanum coagulans Forssk.
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(003) in case of concussion or swelling make small cuts and crush yellow fruit of Solanum incanum and rub into small cuts
H(004), fruits put in wounds for tiny marks
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : entulelei (Maa)
Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.
Official name : Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(039), H(095), H(203), H(205)
Recipes : H(039), bed - home or bush, has a good smell and protects from bed bugs
H(095) used leaves as soup
H(203) good for lighting fire
H(205) underarms - for smell and if you are tired, wipe sweat
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : esentyio, Killeleshua (Maa)
Tarenna graveolens (S.Moore) Bremek.
Official name : Tarenna graveolens (S.Moore) Bremek.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(203)
Recipes : H(203), when dry good firewood and. good for rungus
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ormasei (Maa)
Teclea nobilis Delile
Official name : Teclea nobilis Delile
Family : Rutaceae
Symptoms :
Recipes : H(103x) toothbrush
H(203) making rungus
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : ogrilai (Maa)
Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Official name : Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonyms : Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Symptoms : H(037), H(051), H(108)
Recipes : H(037), H(051), H(108), against common cold, paludism and all other diseases: boil whole plant Toddalia asiatica or make cold-water infusion
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : oleparmunyo (Maa)
Ximenia americana L.
Official name : Ximenia americana L.
Family : Olacaceae
Symptoms : H(095), H(135)
Recipes : H(095), ripe fruit eaten
H(135), boil branch for the young to drink, this is good for digestion
Region : East Africa
Country : Kenya (Sekenani Valley)
Vernacular name : lamania (Maa)