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Reference : HB 61

Author(s) : Bhat , RB.
Title : Medicinal plants and traditional practices of Xhosa people in the Transkei region of Eastern Cape, South Africa Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. Vol. 13 (2), pp. 292-298, April 2014
Reference HB 61 has information about 36 plants :
Acacia mearnsii De Wild.
Official name : Acacia mearnsii De Wild.
Family : Fabaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomachache, small amount of grounded bark of Acacia mearnsii with H20, VO. 3X/day
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : idywabasi (Xhosa)
Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Official name : Acokanthera oppositifolia (L.) Codd
Family : Apocynaceae
Synonyms : Acokanthera venenata auct.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) gastric problems, few washed leaves of Acokanthera oppositifolia are chewed , juice swalowed 2X/day for a week
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : intlungunyembe (Xhosa) Bushman's poison (English)
Acridocarpus natalitius A. Juss.
Official name : Acridocarpus natalitius A. Juss.
Family : Malpighiaceae
Symptoms : H(014)
Recipes : H(014) skin allergy, handfull of leaves of Acridocarpus natalitius in a bath of cold or warm H2O
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : moth fruit (Xhosa), the binder (English)
Alepidea amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh.
Official name : Alepidea amatymbica Eckl. & Zeyh.
Family : Apiaceae
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fever, underground stem of Alepidea amatymbica is grated, decoction in milk and flowers, VO. 2X/day for a week
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : iquily (Xhosa), larger tinsel (English)
Aloe arborescens Mill.
Official name : Aloe arborescens Mill.
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(104), H(113), H(027v)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, H(104) stomachache, 3 spoons of leaves gel, VO.
H(113) anti-inflamatory, small pieces of leaves are mixed with chichen feed
H(027v) childbirth, leaves mucilage, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : ikalene (Xhosa), krantz aloe (English)
Aloe ferox Miller
Official name : Aloe ferox Miller
Family : Asphodelaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(006) purgative, H(104) stomachache, 3 leaves of Aloe ferox, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : ikhala (Xhosa), bitter aloe (English)
Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Official name : Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(082)
Recipes : H(037) cough, H(082) asthma, leaves of Artemisia afra in decoction 3X/day for one week
H(000) enemas stem and root in decoction are taken
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umhlonyane (Xhosa), wild wormwood (English)
Bidens pilosa L.
Official name : Bidens pilosa L.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(113)
Recipes : H(113) arthritis,1/4 cup decoction of leaves of Bidens pilosa VO 2 X/ day
H(095) leaves and stems used for potherb
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : inongwe (Xhosa), spanish needles, black jack (English)
Capsicum annuum L.
Official name : Capsicum annuum L.
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Capsicum frutescens L.
Symptoms : H(051)
Recipes : H(051) fever, fully mature fruits of Capsicum frutescens are added in a hot cup of tea
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : tshilisi (Xhosa), chili (English)
Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Official name : Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Family : Chenopodiaceae
Synonyms : Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants
Symptoms : H(039)
Recipes : H(039) insecticide, decoction of crushed seeds of Chenopodium ambrosioides used as insecticide
H(095) young leaves used as wild vegetable
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : imbikicane (Xhosa), wild spinach (English)
Gazania krebsiana Less
Official name : Gazania krebsiana Less
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(055)
Recipes : H(055) emetic, handfull of leaves of Gazania krebsiana for a decoction, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : matlapaneng (Xhosa), terracotta gazania (English)
Grewia occidentalis L.f.
Official name : Grewia occidentalis L.f.
Family : Tiliaceae
Symptoms : H(004), H(027v), H(033)
Recipes : H(004) wound, crushed bark of Grewia occidentalis, RNS.
H(027v) childbirth,roots for childbirth, RNS.
H(033) sterility,whole plant used again sterility, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umnqabaza, uhlolo (Xhosa),
Gunnera perpensa L.
Official name : Gunnera perpensa L.
Family : Gunneraceae
Symptoms : H(006), H(026)
Recipes : H(006) constipation, decoction of crushed stems of Gunnera perpensa, VO. 1glass
H(026) menstrual pain, roots décoction, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : iphuzi (Xhosa), river pumpkin (English)
Helichrysum pedunculatum Hilliard & B.L. Burtt
Official name : Helichrysum pedunculatum Hilliard & B.L. Burtt
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) circuncision wound, leaves of Helichrysum pedunculatum as dressing to avoid inflammation
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : isicwe (Xhosa)
Hypoestes aristata (Vahl) Sol. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name : Hypoestes aristata (Vahl) Sol. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) sore eyes, leaf juice of Hypoestes aristata, RNS
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : uhlololwane (Xhosa), ribbon bush (Anglais)
Hypoestes aristata (Vahl) Sol. ex Roem. & Schult.
Official name : Hypoestes aristata (Vahl) Sol. ex Roem. & Schult.
Family : Acanthaceae
Symptoms : V(012)
Recipes : Vb(012) broken legs of calf, leaf juice of Hypoestes aristata, RNS
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : uhlololwane (Xhosa), ribbon bush (Anglais)
Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & Avé-Lall.
Official name : Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & Avé-Lall.
Family : Hypoxidaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(078)
Recipes : H(037) tuberculosis, H(078) cancer, RNS of roots tuber of Hypoxis hemerocallidea, VO. For a period of 4-8 weeks
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : ixonyi (Xhosa), star flower
Mentha longifolia (L.) L.
Official name : Mentha longifolia (L.) L.
Family : Lamiaceae
Symptoms : H(078)
Recipes : H(078) cancer, H(151) high blood pressure, repiratory salads of leaves of Mentha longifolia
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : inixina (Xhosa), wild mint (English)
Nasturtium officinale R.Br.
Official name : Nasturtium officinale R.Br.
Family : Brassicaceae
Symptoms : H(045), H(202)
Recipes : H(045) antiseptic, whole plant of Nasturtium officinale as antiseptic to wash weeping sores
H(202) whole plant to remove spots and blemishes from the skin
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umsobo (Xhosa), watercress (English)
Nicotiana glauca Graham
Official name : Nicotiana glauca Graham
Family : Solanaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, leaves of Nicotiana glauca used as fumitory
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : icuba (Xhosa), wild tobaco (English)
Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Official name : Olea europaea L. subsp africana (P.Miller) P.S. Green
Family : Oleaceae
Synonyms : Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G.Don) Cif.
Symptoms : H(151)
Recipes : H(151) blood pressure, decoction of leaves and fruits of Olea europaea subsp. Africana
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umnquma (Xhosa), wild olive (English)
Oxalis corniculata L.
Official name : Oxalis corniculata L.
Family : Oxalidaceae
Synonyms : Oxalis radicosa A.Rich.
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) stomach, juice of leaves of Oxalis corniculata used as purgative
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umuncwane (Xhosa), creeping woodsorrel (English)
Pentanisia prunelloides (Klotzsch ex. Eckl.& Zeyh.) Walp.
Official name : Pentanisia prunelloides (Klotzsch ex. Eckl.& Zeyh.) Walp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Symptoms : H(020), H(113)
Recipes : H(020) snake bite, roots of Pentanisia prunelloides , RNS.
H(113) rheumatism, roots decoction, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : icigcikamlilo (Xhosa), wild verbena (English)
Phytolacca octandra L.
Official name : Phytolacca octandra L.
Family : Phytolaccaceae
Symptoms : H(004)
Recipes : H(004) wounds, fresh juice of fruits of Phytolacca octandra, RNS.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : um-inki (Xhosa), pokeweed (English)
Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims
Official name : Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims
Family : Pittosparaceae
Symptoms : H(037), H(139)
Recipes : H(037) chest, decoction of barks of Pittosporum viridiflorum, VO. 1/4 cup
H(139) aphrodisiac, 2 spoons of root powder a day for one week, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umkhwenkwe (Xhosa), cheese wood
Plantago lanceolata L.
Official name : Plantago lanceolata L.
Family : Plantaginaceae
Symptoms : H(018)
Recipes : H(018) headache, small leaves of Plantago lanceolata inserted in the nostril
H(053) earache, juice of roots
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : lamb's tongue, ribwortt plantain (English)
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Official name : Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Family : Rosaceae
Synonyms : Amygdalus persica L.
Symptoms : H(001)
Recipes : H(001) sore eyes, decoction of a handfull of leaves of Prunus persica in 2 liters of H20. The filtered liquid is used
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : ipesika (Xhosa), peach (English)
Ricinus communis L.
Official name : Ricinus communis L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms : H(013), H(104)
Recipes : H(013) boils, crushed leaves of Ricinus communis in H2O used to wash boils
H(104) stomach ache, fresh leaves of Ricinus communis are grounded and mixed with H2O. VO (50 ml)
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umhlakuwa (Xhosa), castor oil plant ((English)
Scadoxus puniceus (L.) Friis & Nordal
Official name : Scadoxus puniceus (L.) Friis & Nordal
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms : V(004), V(117)
Recipes : Vb(004) underground bulb juice of Scadoxus puniceus used to treat woundw
Vb(117) gall-sickness, handfull of crushed leaves are added to cattle feed
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umphompo (Xhosa), paintbrush lily (English)
Schinus molle L.
Official name : Schinus molle L.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Symptoms : H(051), H(103)
Recipes : H(051) fever, steam bath of leaves of Schinus molle
H(103) toothache, gargle with a decoction of leaves
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : pepper tree (English)
Schistostephium rotundifolium Fenzl ex Harv. & Sond.
Official name : Schistostephium rotundifolium Fenzl ex Harv. & Sond.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) fracture, infusion of stem and leaves of Schistostephium rotundifolium, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : iphungwane (Xhosa)
Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Official name : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal
Family : Solanaceae
Synonyms : Solanum aculeastrum Dunal var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter
Symptoms : H(033), H(181x)
Recipes : H(033) male impotence, decoction 1 handfull of crushed roots of Solanum aculeastrum in 2 l H2O, VO.
H(181x) umbilical cord, ashes from burns roots, local application
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umthuma (Xhosa), bitter-apple (English)
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill.
Official name : Sonchus asper (L.) Hill.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) chronic stomach ailment, decoction of leaves of Sonchus asper of 2 glass of H2O. To stand for 1 hour. VO
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : irhwabe (Xhosa), corky-bark, monkey-orange (English)
Strychnos cocculoides Baker
Official name : Strychnos cocculoides Baker
Family : Strychnaceae
Symptoms : H(104)
Recipes : H(104) chronic stomach ailment, bark of grated bark of Strychnos cocculoides mixed in 2 glass H2O. To stand for 1 hour. VO
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : umnonono (Xhosa), corky-bark, monkey-orange (English)
Symphytum officinale L.
Official name : Symphytum officinale L.
Family : Boraginaceae
Symptoms : H(012)
Recipes : H(012) bone fracture, H(037) bronchitis, pneumonia, leaves of Symphytum officinale, VO. 2X/day for a period of 4 days
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : comfrey (English)
Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
Official name : Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.
Family : Asteraceae
Symptoms : H(126)
Recipes : H(126) jaundice, H(126) liver diseases, infusion of fresh leaves of Taraxacum officinale, VO.
Region : South Africa
Country : South Africa (Transkei)
Vernacular name : ihlaba (Xhosa), dandelion (English)